List of potato dishes

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This is a list of potato dishes that use potato as a main ingredient. The potato is a starchy, tuberous crop. It is the world's fourth-largest food crop, following rice, wheat and maize.[1] The annual diet of an average global citizen in the first decade of the 21st century included about 33 kg (73 lb) of potato.[1] The potato was first domesticated in the region of modern-day southern Peru and extreme northwestern Bolivia[2] between 8000 and 5000 BCE.[3] It has since spread around the world and become a staple crop in many countries.

Potato dishes[edit]

Name Image Region Description
Ajiaco Ajiaco.jpg  Colombia A potato soup with regional variations
Aligot Bol d'aligot.jpg  France Made from melted cheese blended into mashed potatoes (often with some garlic)
Aloo gobi Aloo gobi.jpg  India A dish of cauliflower, potato and turmeric. It is sometimes prepared with additional spices.
Aloo gosht Aaloo Gosht.JPG  India
Pakistan Northern Pakistan
Potatoes with meat, usually lamb or mutton, in a stew-like gravy
Aloo pie Aloo Pie.jpg  India A soft, calzone-shaped pie filed with boiled, spiced and mashed potatoes and other vegetables like green peas or chana dal, and fried
Aloo tikki Aloo Tikki served with chutneys.jpg India North India A spiced, boiled potato croquette
Baeckeoffe Baeckeoffe.jpg France Alsace, France A mix of sliced potatoes, sliced onions, cubed mutton, beef and pork which have been marinated overnight in Alsatian white wine and juniper berries and slow cooked in a sealed ceramic casserole dish.
Baked potato BakedPotatoWithButter.jpg International A potato baked in an oven, typically, but not always, served whole
Bangers and mash Bangers and mash 1.jpg  England Mashed potatoes with sausages, topped with gravy
Batata harra Batata harra.jpg  Lebanon A spicy dish made of potatoes, red peppers, coriander, chili, and garlic which are all fried together in olive oil
Batata vada Batata Vada.jpg  India A type of savory fritter. This snack food can also be made with lentil, dal, or gram flour.
Bauernfrühstück Bauernfrühstück.jpg  Germany A breakfast dish made from fried potatoes, eggs, onions, leeks or chives, and bacon or ham. It is similar to the somewhat simpler English bubble and squeak.
Bengal potatoes  India Potatoes that are baked with spices, peppers and curry, and then battered and deep fried
Bonda Bonda2.jpg  India A typical South Indian snack prepared with potatoes or other vegetables that has various sweet and spicy versions in different regions.
Boxty Boxty with beef and squash.jpg  Ireland A traditional Irish potato pancake
Brændende kærlighed Brændende kærlighed.jpg  Denmark A dish of mashed potatoes, butter, and whole milk or cream. An indent in the mashed potatoes is made to form a well into which bacon cubes that have been fried along with some sliced onions are placed.[4]
Bryndzové halušky Bryndzové halušky so slaninou.jpg  Slovakia Potato dumplings with sheep cheese and bacon
Bubble and squeak Full English breakfast with bubble and squeak, sausage, bacon, grilled tomatoes, and eggs.jpg  England A traditional dish made with leftovers, the main ingredients being potato and cabbage.
Canarian wrinkly potatoes Papasarrugadas.jpg Spain Canary Islands, Spain A traditional baked potato dish eaten in the Canary Islands that is usually served with a pepper sauce called Mojo, or as an accompaniment to meat dishes.
Carne asada fries Carne Asada Fries from Lolitas.jpg United States Southwest United States Typically consists of french fries, carne asada, guacamole, sour cream and cheese.[5] The dish is high in calories, with a meal-sized portion containing 2000 calories (kcal) or more.[6][7]
Cepelinai Cepelinai Sauce.JPG  Lithuania A national dish that's also very popular in the northeastern part of Poland, it's a type of dumpling made from riced potatoes and usually stuffed with minced meat
Chapalele Chapaleles crudos.jpg  Chile A dumpling prepared with boiled potatoes and wheat flour.
Cheese fries Cheese Fries.jpg  United States A popular fast food dish consisting of french fries covered in cheese
Chips and dip Crab dip and old bay chips.jpg A food combination consisting of various types of chips or crisps and various dips. Pictured is crab dip with potato chips.
Chocolate-covered potato chips Shortbread cookies and chocolate-covered potato chips.jpg  United States Potato chips that have been dipped into melted chocolate or cocoa, and coated with the chocolate.
Chorrillana Chorrillana.jpg  Chile French fries topped with sliced beef and sausages, scrambled eggs and fried onions
Chuño Chuño.jpg South America A freeze-dried potato product traditionally made by Quechua and Aymara communities of Bolivia and Peru,[8] and is known in various countries of South America, including Argentina, Bolivia, Chile and Peru.
Clapshot Clapshot and oatcakes.jpg  Scotland A traditional Scottish dish that originated in Orkney, it's created by the combined mashing of swede turnips and potatoes ("neeps and tatties") with the addition of chives, butter or dripping, salt and pepper. Some versions include onions.
Coddle Coddle.jpg  Ireland Often made to use up leftovers, and therefore without a specific recipe, coddle most commonly consists of layers of roughly sliced pork sausages and rashers (thinly sliced, somewhat fatty back bacon) with sliced potatoes and onions.
Colcannon Colcannon.JPG  Ireland A traditional Irish dish mainly consisting of mashed potatoes with kale or cabbage.
Corned beef pie Corned beef pie.jpg  United Kingdom Made from corned beef, onion and often thinly sliced, cubed or mashed potato. Corned beef pie is pictured at the left in the image.
Cottage pie Shepherdspie2.JPG  United Kingdom
 Ireland
This dish consists of a bottom layer of minced beef, with a top layer of mashed potatoes. A variation using lamb mince is known as shepherd's pie.
Crisp sandwich Potato chip sandwich.jpg  England A sandwich that includes crisps (potato chips) as one of the fillings. In addition to the crisps, any other common sandwich ingredient may be added.
Crocchè Panelle e Crocchè.jpg Italy Sicily, Italy Made from mashed potato and egg, which is covered in bread crumbs and fried
Croquette Croquettes with salad.jpg International A small bread-crumbed fried food roll that may be prepared with many various ingredients such as potato, ground meats, cheese and vegetables, among others.
Dabeli Dabeli.jpg India Kachchh, India A snack food of India, originating in the Kutch or Kachchh region of Gujarat. It is a spicy snack made by mixing boiled potatoes with a dabeli masala, and putting the mixture between pav (burger bun) and served with chutneys made from tamarind, date, garlic, red chilies, etc.
Duchess potatoes Herzoginkartoffel fcm.jpg  France Consist of a purée of mashed potato and egg yolk, butter, salt, pepper, nutmeg, which is forced from a piping bag or hand-moulded into various shapes which are then baked
Dum Aloo Kashmiri Dum Aaloo.JPG  India Potatoes, usually smaller ones, are first deep fried, then cooked slowly at low flame in a gravy with spices.[9]
Far far  India Snack food composed primarily of potato starch and tinted sago. They may also contain tapioca and wheat flour.[10]
Fish pie Fish Pie.jpg  England A traditional casserole with a layer of white fish in béchamel sauce underneath, and a layer of mashed potatoes on top.
French fries Pommes-1.jpg International Deep-fried potato sticks
Fritter roll  Scotland One or two potato fritters enclosed in a floury bap (bread roll) and is usually served with salt and vinegar, sometimes with tomato ketchup or brown sauce atop the fritters.
Funeral potatoes Funeralpotatoesserving.JPG United States Intermountain West region of the United States A traditional potato hotdish, or casserole[11] of the Intermountain West region. People called this dish funeral potatoes because the casserole is commonly served as a side dish during traditional after-funeral dinners,[12]
Gamja ongsimi Korea-Sokcho-Gamja ongsimi-Potato dumpling soup-01.jpg  South Korea Dumplings made from ground potato and chopped vegetables in a clear broth
Gamjajeon Korean potato pancake-Gamjajeon-02.jpg  South Korea A variety of jeon, or Korean style pancake, made by pan-frying finely grated potato on a frying pan with vegetable oil
Gamjatang Korean.food-Gamjatang-01.jpg  South Korea A spicy Korean soup made with pork spine or ribs, vegetables and other ingredients. It is a matter of contention whether the name of the soup comes from the word for potato (감자; gamja) or not, because the soup is frequently served without potatoes.[13]
German fries German fries.jpg International A preparation of fries in which potatoes are sliced into uniform sizes and shapes,[14] fried or deep fried and sometimes prepared with additional cooked ingredients such as onion, green pepper and bacon[15][16][17]
Gnocchi Gnocchi di ricotta burro e salvia.jpg  Italy Thick, soft dumplings that may be made from semolina,[18] ordinary wheat flour,[19] flour and egg,[20] flour, egg, and cheese,[21] potato,[22] breadcrumbs,[23] or similar ingredients.[24][25][26]
Gratin Avocado gratin.jpg  France A widespread culinary technique in food preparation in which an ingredient is topped with a browned crust, often using breadcrumbs, grated cheese, egg and/or butter.[27][28][29] Gratin is usually prepared in a shallow dish of some kind. It is baked or cooked under an overhead grill or broiler to form a golden crust on top and is traditionally served in its baking dish.[27]
Hachis Parmentier Hachis Parmentier.jpg  France Made with mashed, baked potato, combined with diced meat and sauce lyonnaise and served in the potato shells.[30]
Hash browns Hashbrown potato patty.jpg International Potato pieces that are pan-fried after being shredded, julienned, diced, or riced.
Home fries Flickr lifeontheedge 3672951574--Home fried potatoes.jpg  United States
 United Kingdom
A type of basic potato dish made by pan- or skillet-frying chunked, sliced, wedged or diced potatoes that are sometimes unpeeled and may have been par-cooked by boiling, baking, steaming, or microwaving.
Hot hamburger plate  United States Bread (usually white) with a hamburger patty placed on top that is then covered in French fries and topped with brown (beef) gravy
Hutspot Hutspot met stooflap op bord.JPG  Netherlands Boiled and mashed potatoes, carrots and onion
Janssons frestelse Janssons frestelse.jpg  Sweden A traditional casserole made of potatoes, onions, pickled sprats, bread crumbs and cream. It is commonly included in a Swedish Christmas smörgåsbord.
Kapsalon Kapsalon Amstelveen.jpg  Netherlands Fries, topped with döner or shawarma meat, grilled with a layer of Gouda cheese until melted and then subsequently covered with a layer of dressed salad greens
Knish Lower East Side - Schimmel Knish 2.jpg Eastern Europe A savory snack consisting of potato, usually covered in dough, baked, grilled, or deep fried.
Knödel Semmelknödel.jpg Central Europe Large round poached or boiled potato or bread dumplings, made without yeast
Kouign patatez France Brittany, France Breton for 'potato cake', it's prepared with crushed boiled potatoes mixed with flour. The resulting dough is then shaped into small pancakes and then pan fried.
Kroppkaka Kroppkaka.jpg  Sweden Potato dumplings with a filling of onions and pork or bacon.
Kugel Kugel.jpg Ashkenazi A pudding or casserole made from egg noodles or potatoes.
Kugelis Kugelis.jpg  Lithuania Potatoes, bacon, milk, onions, and eggs, baked in a low casserole dish
Kyselo Krkonošské kyselo.jpg  Czech Republic A soup based on sourdough and mushrooms
Latka Latkes.jpg Eastern Europe In Ashkenazi cuisine, a potato pancake made with grated potato
Lefse Lefse on a griddle.jpg  Norway A traditional flatbread prepared with leftover potatoes and flour
Llapingacho Llapingachos and chorizos.jpg  Ecuador Fried potato patties or thick pancakes stuffed with cheese
Lyonnaise potatoes Potatoes lyonnaise.JPG France Lyon, France Sliced pan-fried potatoes and thinly sliced onions, sautéed in butter with parsley
Mashed potato MashedPotatoes.jpg International A dish of potatoes that have been boiled and mashed, typically prepared with milk and butter.
Massaman curry Matsaman nuea.jpg  Thailand A Thai curry of meat, most often prepared with halal meats such as beef or chicken due to the its Persian origin, and potatoes.
Meat and potato pie Grandma Pollards meat and potato pies (5815022642).jpg England Yorkshire, England A meat and potato pie has a similar filling to a Cornish Pasty and differs from a meat pie in that its content is often minced and usually less than 50% meat. They are typically eaten as take-aways.
Munini-imo  Japan A savory pancake made with potato flour.[31]
Nikujaga Nikujyaga.png  Japan A stew of potatoes and onion with sweetened soy sauce
Olivier salad Russischer Oliviersalat.JPG Russia Russia A salad with many variations. Also known as Russian salad or Stolichny salad. It usually includes potatoes, diced boiled chicken (or sometimes ham or bologna sausage), eggs, brined dill pickles, carrots, green peas and onions, dressed with mayonnaise. Variations of this salad are also popular in Eastern Europe, the Balkans, Spain, as well as in some Asian and South American countries.
Panackelty Image076.jpg England North East of England A casserole dish consisting of meat (mainly corned beef) and root vegetables (mainly potatoes and onions) left to bake throughout the day in an oven pot on low heat
Papa a la Huancaína Papa a la huancaina.jpg  Peru An appetizer of boiled yellow potatoes (similar to the Yukon Gold potatoes) in a spicy, creamy sauce called Huancaína sauce
Papa rellena Peru PapasRellenas2.jpg  Peru Mashed potatoes stuffed with seasoned ground meat and spices that is deep fried
Papas chorreadas  Colombia A red potato and creamy cheese dish served with onion and tomato
Pasty Cornish pasty.jpeg  United Kingdom A baked pastry, a traditional variety of which is particularly associated with Cornwall, the westernmost county in England. It is made by placing uncooked filling typically of meat and vegetables
Patatas bravas Patatas bravas madrid.jpg  Spain Often served as a tapa in bars. It typically consists of white potatoes that have been cut into irregular shapes of about 2 centimeters, fried in oil and served warm with a sauce such as a spicy tomato sauce or an aioli
Patatnik Patatnik.jpg  Bulgaria Slow cooked grated potatoes, onions, salt and spearmint
Pâté aux pommes de terre Pâté de pommes de terre.JPG  France A speciality of the Limousin and the Allier (Bourbonnais) regions in Central France,[32] its main ingredients are potato slices and crème fraîche, which are used to fill a puff pastry crust
Pattie Pattie.jpg  England A battered and deep fried disc of mashed potato, seasoned with sage and onion. It is sold in the port towns of Hartlepool, Kingston upon Hull and Liverpool.[33]
Péla  France Prepared with fried potatoes and Reblochon cheese
Pickert LippPickert.jpg  Germany A flat, fried or baked potato dish that can be considered a kind of flattened dumpling or pancake
Pitepalt Pitepalt.jpg  Sweden Mostly made of raw potatoes and barley flour; the dish has many varieties
Pommes Anna Pommes Anna.jpg  France Sliced, layered potatoes cooked lots of melted butter
Pommes dauphine Saddle of Rabbit, Confit San Manzano Tomatoes, Baby Leeks, Pommes Dauphine.jpg  France Sometimes referred to as dauphine potatoes,[34] they are crisp potato puffs made by mixing mashed potatoes with savoury choux pastry, forming the mixture into dumpling shapes, and then deep frying them at 170° to 180°C.[34]
Pommes soufflées Pommes souflées-Madrid.jpg  France Twice-fried slices of potato. First fried at 150 °C (300 °F), cooled, then fried again at 190 °C (375 °F), causing the slices to puff up.
Potato babka Babka Potato Dish-2.jpg Eastern Europe A savoury dish, popular especially in Poland, where it is known as babka kartoflana, and Belarus. It is made from grated potatoes, eggs, onions, and pieces of smoked, boiled or fried bacon and (especially in Poland) sausage.
Potato bread Homemade potato bread, half.jpg  Ireland A form of bread in which potato replaces a portion of the regular wheat flour.
Potato cake Irwins potato cakes modified.jpg International May refer to different preparations of potatoes
Potato chip Potato-Chips.jpg  United States Thinly sliced potatoes that have been deep fried or baked until crunchy
Potato doughnut Spudnuts sampler.jpg  United States Sometimes called a Spudnut, it's a doughnut, typically sweet, made with either mashed potatoes or potato starch instead of flour
Potato pancake Kartoffelpuffer.jpg Eastern Europe Shallow-fried pancakes of grated or ground potato, flour and egg, often flavored with grated onion or garlic and seasoning
Potato salad PotatoSalad.jpg International A dish made from boiled potatoes that comes in many versions in different regions of the world. Though called a salad, it is generally a side dish, as it usually accompanies the main course.
Potato scone Scone varieties.jpg  United Kingdom A regional variant of the savoury griddle scone which is especially popular in Scotland. Many variations of the recipe exist, and they generally include liberal quantities of boiled potatoes, butter and salt.
Potato skins Potato skins.jpg  United States A snack food or appetizer made with slices of half-spherical pieces of potatoes with the skin left on. They may be partially hollowed out to allow space for various toppings. The potato side is covered with toppings such as bacon, cheddar cheese, green onions, and anything else that might be found on a baked potato.
Potato waffle Waffle fry (4532929501).jpg  United Kingdom A potato-based savoury food in a waffle-like lattice shape. They are common in the UK and Ireland and are also available in some other countries.
Potato wedges Jo Jos.JPG  United States A variation of french fries. As their name suggests, they are wedges of potatoes, often large and unpeeled, that are either baked or fried.
Potatoes O'Brien United States Boston, United States Pan-fried potatoes along with green and red bell peppers
Potatonik Ashkenazi May refer to two distinct potato-based dishes derived from Ashkenazi Jewish cuisine. One version is a hybrid between potato kugel and bread, containing shredded potatoes, onion, flour and leavened with yeast.[35] Another dish, apparently unrelated but called by the same name, is essentially a very large latke meant to be cut into wedges at the table.[36]
Poutine OriginalPoutineLaBanquise.jpg Canada Quebec, Canada A common Canadian dish, originating in Quebec, made with french fries, topped with a light brown gravy-like sauce and cheese curds.[37]
Poutine râpée Poutinesrapees.jpg Canada Acadia, Canada A traditional Acadian dish that in its most common form consists of a boiled potato dumpling with a pork filling; it is usually prepared with a mixture of grated and mashed potato.
Raclette Raclette2.jpg   Switzerland Raclette is both a type of cheese and a Swiss dish based on heating the cheese and scraping off (racler) the melted part.
Rappie pie Rappie pie.jpg  Canada A casserole-like dish traditionally formed by grating potatoes, then squeezing them through cheesecloth, upon which additional ingredients are added
Raspeball Komlemiddag.jpg  Norway
 Germany
A dumpling prepared with grated potato, salt and flour, with barley being used often
Reibekuchen Reibekuchen.jpg  Germany Potato fritters that are common in many areas of Germany
Rewena bread  New Zealand A traditional Māori (Polynesian) sourdough potato bread
Rösti Roesti with parsley garnish.jpg   Switzerland Consists primarily of grated potatoes, and a number of additional ingredients are sometimes added
Rumbledethumps Rumbledethumps.JPG  Scotland A traditional dish from the Scottish Borders. The main ingredients are potato, cabbage and onion
Salchipapas Lima salchipapas.jpg Latin American A fast food dish commonly consumed as street food throughout Latin America, it typically consist of thinly sliced pan-fried beef sausages and French fries, mixed together with a savory coleslaw on the side.
Salt potatoes Salt Potatoes.jpg United States Syracuse, New York, United States As the potatoes cook, the salty water forms a crust on the skin and seals the potatoes so they never taste waterlogged, as ordinary boiled potatoes often do. The potatoes have a unique texture closer to fluffy baked potatoes, only creamier.[38]
Samosa Samosasindia.jpg  India A fast food of India with mashed potatoes and wheat as main ingredient.
Scotch pie Scotch pie.jpg  Scotland A small, double-crust meat pie filled with minced mutton or other meat[39] that may include mashed potatoes in its preparation.
Skomakarlåda  Sweden Composed of a slice of beef served with gravy and mashed potatoes and typically garnished with diced bacon and chopped pieces of leek
Spanish omelette Tortilla-de-patatas.jpg  Spain Potato and egg fried in olive oil (also called a tortilla)
Stamppot Andijviestamppot.jpg  Netherlands Potatoes mashed with vegetables and sausage or other stewed meets
Stargazy pie Baked stargazy pie.jpg  United Kingdom Baked pilchards, eggs and potatoes wrapped in a pastry crust
Steak frites Sirloin steak with garlic butter and french fries cropped.jpg Europe Pan-fried steak paired with deep-fried potatoes (French fries)
Stegt flæsk Stegt flæsk.jpg  Denmark Fried bacon served with potatoes and a parsley sauce (med persillesovs).
Stoemp Cod and stoemp.jpg  Belgium A Brussels variant of the stamppot dish in the cuisine of Belgium and the Netherlands. It consists of pureed or mashed potatoes, other root vegetables and can also include cream, bacon, onion or shallot, herbs, and spices.
Stovies Stovies.JPG  Scotland A stew containing potatoes with variations containing onion, leftover roast beef, corned beef, mince or sorts of meat.
Sweetened potato casserole  Finland A Christmas dish of puréed potatoes mixed with wheat flour.
Sweetened potato chips Aesthetic Potato Sweet Chips.jpg  India a Indian dish: Potato chips mixed with cashew and dried grapes.
Szałot Szałot.jpg Silesia A type of potato salad made with carrots, peas, ham, various sausages, pickled fish, boiled eggs, with olive oil or mayonnaise.
Tartiflette Tartiflette and Fried Ham.jpg France Haute Savoie, France Potatoes, Reblochon cheese, lardons and onions. Tartiflette is pictured on the left in the image.
Tater Tots TaterTots.jpg  United States Hash browns formed into small cylinders and deep fried
Tombet Tombet6116.JPG  Spain Sliced potatoes, eggplant, and red bell peppers previously fried in olive oil, served in a low-sided dish.
Trinxat Trinxat.jpg Spain Catalonia, Spain A dish of potatoes, cabbage, and pork. In the image Trinxat is on the right.
Truffade Trufada 1.jpg  France A kind of thick pancake of slowly cooked, thinly sliced potatoes that are then mixed with strips of tome fraiche.
Vada Vada 2.jpg India South India
 Sri Lanka
A type of deep fried fritter served as a snack.
Woolton pie  England One of several dishes commended British Ministry of Food World War II to provide a nutritional diet despite food shortages and rationing, of especially meat.
Xogoi Momo Tibet Balls of breaded, mashed potato and dough shaped with minced meat filling.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "International Year of the Potato 2008 – The potato" (PDF). United Nations Food and Agricultural Organisation. 2009. Retrieved 26 October 2011. 
  2. ^ Spooner, DM et al. (2005). "A single domestication for potato based on multilocus amplified fragment length polymorphism genotyping". PNAS 102 (41): 14694–99. doi:10.1073/pnas.0507400102. PMC 1253605. PMID 16203994. 
  3. ^ Office of International Affairs, Lost Crops of the Incas: Little-Known Plants of the Andes with Promise for Worldwide Cultivation (1989) online
  4. ^ "Brændende kærlighed" (in Danish). Madopskrifter.nu. Retrieved 2009-12-05. 
  5. ^ Allen Borgen (25 December 2008). "Stop at Picante and say, `Fill 'er up!'". San Bernardino Sun. Retrieved 22 December 2012. 
  6. ^ "Carne Asada Fries". The Daily Plate. Retrieved 2009-06-07. 
  7. ^ Justin Weisbrod (12 October 2008). "Burritology 101: what lies beneath the tortilla". The Daily Aztec. Retrieved 14 December 2009. 
  8. ^ Timothy Johns: With bitter Herbs They Shall Eat it : Chemical ecology and the origins of human diet and medicine, The University of Arizona Press, Tucson 1990, ISBN 0-8165-1023-7, p. 82-84
  9. ^ "'Dama Oluv'". 
  10. ^ "Miltop Far Far". Miltop Exports. Retrieved 2012-01-22. 
  11. ^ Ravitz, Jessica (February 5, 2012). "Crossing the plains and kicking up dirt, a new Mormon pioneer". CNN Belief Blog. CNN.com. Retrieved 2012-02-06. 
  12. ^ Prues, Don; Heffron, Jack (2003). Writer's Guide to Places. Cincinnati: Writer's Digest Books. p. 325. ISBN 978-1-58297-169-8. 
  13. ^ Jung, Alex "5 Korean ways to eat a pig" CNN Go. 11 November 2011. Retrieved 2012-04-11
  14. ^ Smith, Andrew F. "Fast Food and Junk Food". p. 283. Retrieved 31 October 2014. 
  15. ^ "Lucky's Steak House moves up to Bay City, bringing with it great food, prices and value". MLive.com. Retrieved 31 October 2014. 
  16. ^ "NY Food Truck Lunch: Bauernwurst & German Fries From Hallo Berlin". CBS New York. September 18, 2012. Retrieved 30 October 2014. 
  17. ^ "Midwestern German Fries with Sausage Gravy". Food.com. January 2, 2008. Retrieved 30 October 2014. 
  18. ^ Buonassisi 1985, recipe #850-853
  19. ^ Buonassisi 1985, recipe #831-833
  20. ^ Buonassisi 1985, recipe #837-838
  21. ^ Buonassisi 1985, recipe #839-840
  22. ^ Buonassisi 1985, recipe #854-857
  23. ^ Buonassisi 1985, recipe #877 "Al Pien... si tratta di gnocchi, delicatissimi, secondo un'antica ricetta mantovana..."
  24. ^ Waverley Root, The Food of Italy, 1971 passim
  25. ^ Luigi Carnacina, Luigi Veronelli, La cucina rustica regionale (4 vol.), Rizzoli 1966, passim
  26. ^ Accademia Italiana della Cucina, La Cucina: The Regional Cooking of Italy, tr. Jay Hyams, Rizzoli, 2009, passim
  27. ^ a b Courtine.R (ed) (2003) The Concise Larousse Gastronomique London: Hamlyn ISBN 0-600-60863-8
  28. ^ The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition definition from dictionary.com
  29. ^ Montagne, Prosper (1961). Larousse Gastronomique. USA: Crown Publishers. p. 1101. 
  30. ^ Le Guide Culinaire by Auguste Escoffier
  31. ^ Sidney C. H. Cheung; Chee Beng Tan (22 June 2007). Food and Foodways in Asia: Resource, Tradition and Cooking. Psychology Press. pp. 136–. ISBN 978-0-415-39213-6. Retrieved 26 May 2012. 
  32. ^ Jean Anglade, Mémoires paysannes, Editions de Borée, 2003, ISBN 9782844941534 pg. 87
  33. ^ "Pattie, Chips and Scraps". Retrieved 14 April 2012. 
  34. ^ a b Larousse Gastronomique (2009), p. 355. Hamlyn
  35. ^ Encyclopedia of Jewish Food, by Gil Marks, pg. 408.
  36. ^ Bittman, Mark (16 December 2008). "Recipe of the Day: Potato Nik". The New York Times. 
  37. ^ Knight, A. (11 June 2007). "Poutine 101". Knight's Canadian Info Collection. Retrieved 1 July 2011. 
  38. ^ "Syracuse Salt Potatoes". Just Good Eats, 2004. Retrieved November 9, 2010. 
  39. ^ "BBC - Food - Recipes: Scotch pies". Retrieved 31 October 2014. 

Bibliography[edit]