List of power stations in Iran

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Iran is not only self-sufficient in power plant construction but has also concluded a number of contracts on implementing projects in neighboring states.[1][2][3]

This is a list of power stations in Iran. By 2012, Iran had 400 power plant units.[4] Iran had a total installed electricity generation capacity of 70,000 MW by the end of 2013 (increasing from 90 MW in 1948 & 7024 MW in 1978[5][6][7]) and plans to add annually more than 5,000 MW of generation capacity to the grid, doubling Iran's total power generation capacity to 122,000 MW by 2022[8][9] The government of Iran has plans to privatize 20 power plants by September 2010.[10] Iran's peak demand for electricity in 2013 was 45,693 MW in summer time.[11]

Iran will account for 17.08% of MENA power generation by 2014. Gas was the dominant fuel in Iran in 2009, accounting for an estimated 56.8% of primary energy demand (PED), followed by oil at 40.8% and hydro with a 1.4% share of PED.[12] As at 2010, the average efficiency of power plants was 38 percent. The figure should reach 45 percent within five years and 50 percent under Vision 2025.[13][14]

Electricity generation in 2008, amounted to 203.8 billion kWh or roughly one percent of world's total production which was up by 5.9 percent compared with the previous year. In 2008, of total generated electricity, 190.2 billion kWh (93.3 percent) was generated by power plants affiliated with the Ministry of Energy and 13.6 billion kWh (6.7 percent) by other institutions, mostly in the private sector.[15][16][17] The largest share of electricity (91.1 billion kWh) was generated by steam power plants while diesel power plants accounted for the lowest share of generation (0.2 billion kWh). Also in 2008, the highest growth in generation of electricity belonged to gas and combined cycle power plants with 9.3 percent growth rate; however, the amount of electricity generated by hydroelectric power plants showed 1.7 percent decline. The consumer price of electricity in Iran as of 2010 was 1.6 US cents per kilowatt hour while the real production cost was eight US cents.[16][18] (See also: Cost of electricity by different sources)

In 2010, 900,000 people were working directly or indirectly for the power industry in Iran. The country spare capacity stands at 3 per cent, where it should ideally be 25 per cent.[18] It has been reported that 23.5 per cent of the electricity generated goes to waste in the transmission network.[18] Iran exports annually 5.5 TWh of electricity to seven countries surrounding Iran.[19] Iran's electricity grid is currently connected to Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iraq, Turkey, Armenia, Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan.[20]

Manufacturing[edit]

IR-40 facility in Arak

Electric power industry has achieved self-sufficiency in producing its required equipment.[21] While most of the electricity generators are run by the government, the equipment producers and contractors are generally from the private sector.[18] Iran is among the top ten manufacturers of gas turbines with a capacity of 160 megawatts.[22] Iranian experts of JEMCO (a subsidiary of IDRO) have succeeded in developing the capacity to produce one-megawatt and four-megawatt generators.[23][24] Iran has acquired self-sufficiency of over 80 percent in constructing hydraulic turbines and over 90 percent in producing gas turbines. Within the next few years, Iran can join the list of countries that produce power plant technology (2009).[25] Iran plans to manufacture its first indigenous gas turbines by 2015.[26] Iran has achieved the technical expertise to set up hydroelectric, gas and combined cycle power plants.[27][28] Iran is among the four world countries that are capable of manufacturing advanced V94.2 gas turbines.[29] The Industrial Development and Renovation Organization of Iran (IDRO) is currently building the country's first 4-megawatt (MW) CHP (Combined Heat and Power) turbo generator in cooperation with the private sector.[30]

Nuclear power plants[edit]

Darkhovin Nuclear Power Plant is Iran's first indigenously designed and built power plant besides the research reactor of IR-40.[31][32][33] Bushehr Nuclear Power Plant is Iran's first nuclear power plant and it has been manufactured with the technical assistance of Russia.

International projects[edit]

Iran is not only self-sufficient in power plant construction but has also concluded a number of contracts on implementing projects in neighboring states.[1][2][3] As of 2010, Iranian energy and resource development firms are involved in 50 projects worth over USD 2.2 billion in more than 20 countries across the world.[34] As at 2011, MAPNA was building power plants in Syria, Oman and Iraq and negotiations were underway to build two power plants in Lebanon.[35]

One of Iran’s most important international projects will see the construction of a $200-million hydroelectric dam in Nicaragua starting 2011. Iran is currently engaged in dam construction in Tajikistan, Armenia and Azerbaijan, and consultations are underway with a number of other countries. Kenya, Sri Lanka, Bolivia and Mali are the potential target markets being considered for exporting the country’s technical and engineering services.[36] In 2010, Iran won a contract to build a dam in Afghanistan and the third contract to build a power plant station in Syria.[37] In December 2005 a wind farm was put in operation at Pushkin Pass in Armenia. Total installed capacity of the farm is 2.64 MW, comprise from the four 660 kW wind turbines. Wind farm was built by support of 3.1 mln US$ grant from the government of Islamic Republic of Iran.[38] The Armenian and Iranian energy sectors are currently jointly constructing the Iran-Armenia Wind Farm which is set to become the country's largest wind farm, having an installed electric capacity of 90 MW.[39][40] As at 2012, Iran is building seven large power plants in Syria, Oman, Iraq, and Tajikistan.[41]

Foreign direct investment[edit]

According to the Ministry of Energy, Germany has invested $445 million in construction of the Pareh-Sar combined cycle power plant in northern Iran, while the UAE has invested $720 million in construction of a gas power plant as well as a combined cycle power plant in Isfahan and Shiraz.[12]

Privatization[edit]

Main article: Privatization in Iran
It is estimated that 18.5% of electricity generated in Iran is wasted before it reaches consumers due to technical problems. Electric power wastage hit $1.1 billion in 2006.[42] Solution include production and use of more efficient light bulbs.

Mapna Company. Sahand, Bistoun, Shazand, Shahid Montazeri, Tous, Shahid Rajaei and Neishabour power stations are among the profit-making plants, work on privatizing them will be finalized by late March 2007.[43] Jahrom, Khalij-e Fars (Persian Gulf) and Sahand power plants will be ceded to the private sector in 2009.[44][45] All domestic power plants will be privatized gradually, except those the government feels it should run to ensure security of the national electricity grid. Power plants of Damavand, Mashhad, Shirvan, Kerman, Khalij-e Fars, Abadan, Bisotoon, Sanandaj, Manjil and Binalood, which have been turned into public limited firms, are ready for privatization.[46] As of 2010, 20 power plants were ready for privatization in Iran.[47] Upon ceding the 20 power plants to IPO, some 40 percent of the capacity of power plants nationwide will be assigned to the private and cooperative sectors.[48] As of 2011, about 45 power plants across the country were to be handed over to the private sector.[49] In 2012, it was announced that Iran's government which has already turned over 17 of its 45 power plants to the private sector since 2008, will transfer 28 more plants with an estimated value of $11.4 billion (USD), by March 2013.[50]

Energy/Electricity bourse[edit]

The new energy/electricity bourse will be inaugurated in 2012.[51] This will bring about more competition and transparency in Iran’s electricity market.[52] Experts believe that following the launch of the subsidies reform plan, the electricity industry will undergo significant changes and will become more appealing to private investors.[53] Iran is the 16th electricity producer in the world.[4]

As at 2012, Iran had over 400 power plant units and 38 electricity distribution companies which buy the electricity from producers.[4] Iran has over 100 companies which consume more than 20 MW of electricity per year.[4] The average price of each kilowatt of electricity is 450 rials (around 5 cents) during the first phase of the Subsidy Reform Law. The average final price of each kilowatt of electricity will be 1000 rials (around 10 cents) in 2015.[54] According to the government of Iran, power stations have to pay the export price of gas if they want to export electricity and must improve efficiency.[55]

Iran's electricity export and related technical and engineering services exports was valued at $4 billion in 2011.[56] In 2010, the total of Iran’s electricity exports to Afghanistan, Iraq (650 MW), Azerbaijan, Armenia, Pakistan and Turkey reached 878 megawatts and the total of imports from Armenia (237 MW) and Turkmenistan was recorded at 463 megawatts.[54] Jordan, India, Oman, Qatar, Russia, Syria, and the UAE are the new countries that have expressed interest in buying electricity from Iran.[54]

Waste to energy[edit]

Name Location Capacity (MW) Type Operational Notes
Shiraz Biogas Power Plant Fars Province 1.1 Biogas power station 2009 The plant uses organic waste as fuel for production of electricity from waste
Mashhad Biogas Power Plant Razavi Khorasan Province 0.6 Biogas power station 2010 The plant uses organic waste as fuel for production of electricity from waste[57][58][59][60]
? Tehran Province 3.5 Waste Incineration 2012 The plant has the capacity to burn 300 tonnes of solid waste per day[61]
Sari Incineration Power Plant Mazandaran Province 4 Waste Incineration 2012 The plant is designed to incinerate over 450 tonnes of waste per day producing 10 MW of electricity; It is used to develop know how for 20 other such plants to be deployed in Iran's major cities[62][63][64]

Fossil[edit]

Name Location Capacity (MW) Type Operational Notes
Rudeshur Power Plant Markazi Province 2000 Natural gas power station 2007 The first private power plant in Iran belonging to Arian Mah-Taab Gostar Co.
Kazerun Power Plant Fars Province 1373 Natural gas power station 1994 CHP type thermal station incorporating Iran's first locally produced gas turbine, generator set and steam turbine[65][66]
Sultanyeh Power Plant Zanjan Province 1000 Natural gas power station 2011 CHP type thermal station[67][68]
Urmia Power Plant West Azarbaijan Province 60 Natural gas power station 1982 Natural gas thermal station situated inside the city of Urmia[69]
Urmia Combined Power Plant West Azarbaijan Province 1500 Natural gas power station 2011 CHP type thermal station[70][71]
Khoy Combined Power Plant West Azarbaijan Province 453 Natural gas power station 1996 CHP type thermal station[72]
Iranshahr steam Power Plant Sistan and Baluchestan Province 256 Natural gas power station 1996 Thermal power station running on natural gas as primary fuel and furnace oil as backup fuel[73][74]
Chabahar Combined Power Plant Sistan and Baluchestan Province 478 Natural gas power station 2011 Combined cycle plant running on natural gas as primary fuel and furnace oil as backup fuel; Part of generation for export to Pakistan[75][76]
Konarak NG Power Plant Sistan and Baluchestan Province 150 Natural gas power station 2009 Thermal power station[77]
Zahidan NG Power Plant Sistan and Baluchestan Province 230 Natural gas power station ? Gas turbine plant providing the power for Zahidan[78]
Zahidan Diesel Power Plant Sistan and Baluchestan Province 24 Diesel engine generator 1976 Electrical Generation currently used only for peak power management[78]
Zabul Diesel Power Plant Sistan and Baluchestan Province 29 Diesel engine generator ? Electrical Generation currently used only for peak power management[78]
Khash Diesel Power Plant Sistan and Baluchestan Province 22 Diesel engine generator ? Electrical Generation currently used only for peak power management[78]
Iranshahr Diesel Power Plant Sistan and Baluchestan Province 30 Diesel engine generator ? Electrical Generation currently used only for peak power management[78]
Saravan Diesel Power Plant Sistan and Baluchestan Province 13 Diesel engine generator ? Electrical Generation currently used only for peak power management[78]
Iranshahr combined Power Plant Sistan and Baluchestan Province 1000 Natural gas power station 2011 Combined cycle plant running on natural gas as primary fuel and furnace oil as backup fuel[79]
Shaheed Salimi Neka Combined Power Plant Mazandaran Province 2214 Natural gas power station 2006 Combined cycle plant running on natural gas as primary fuel and furnace oil as backup fuel[80]
Nishapur Combined Power Plant Razavi Khorasan Province 1042 Natural gas power station 1993 Combined cycle plant running on natural gas as primary fuel and Diesel as backup fuel[81]
Fars Combined Power Plant Fars Province 1050 Natural gas power station 2008 Combined cycle plant running on natural gas as primary fuel and furnace oil as backup fuel[82]
Sarehpar Combined Power Plant Gilan Province 968 Natural gas power station 2010 Combined cycle plant running on natural gas as primary fuel and furnace oil as backup fuel[83]
Shaheed Kaveh Combined Power Plant South Khorasan Province 630 Natural gas power station 2008 Combined cycle plant running on natural gas as primary fuel and Diesel as backup fuel; Being upgraded to 950 MW[84]
Mahshahr NG Power Plant Khuzestan Province 968 Natural gas power station 2012 Combined cycle plant under construction[85][86]
Abadan NG Power Plant Khuzestan Province 493 Natural gas power station 2002 Plant convertible to Combined cycle[87]
Aliabad Katool Combined Power Plant Golestan Province 1500 Natural gas power station 2011 Combined cycle plant running on natural gas as primary fuel and Diesel as backup fuel[88]
Zavareh Combined Power Plant Isfahan Province 484 Natural gas power station 2011 Combined cycle plant running on natural gas as primary fuel and Diesel as backup fuel[89]
Aryan Combined Power Plant Zanjan Province 1000 Natural gas power station 2013 Combined cycle plant under construction[90]
Zanjan 4 Combined Power Plant Zanjan Province 484 Natural gas power station 2012 Combined cycle plant under construction[91][92]
Zanjan 1 Combined Power Plant Zanjan Province 484 Natural gas power station ? Combined cycle plant under construction[93]
Khorramabad Combined Power Plant Lorestan Province 2000 Natural gas power station ? Combined cycle plant under construction[94]
Behistun Steam Power Plant Kermanshah Province 1280 Natural gas power station 2013 Thermal power station[95][96]
Zagrus NG Power Plant Kermanshah Province 648 Natural gas power station 2011 Gas turbine plant constructed adjucant to Behistun Steam Power Plant; Convertible to Combined cycle with resultant increased output of 1000 MW[97][98]
Islamabad Combined Power Plant Kermanshah Province 484 Natural gas power station 2012 Combined cycle plant[99]
Islamabad NG Power Plant Kermanshah Province 100 Natural gas power station 2011 Gas turbine plant[99]
Pasargadae Combined Power Plant Hormozgān Province 500 Natural gas power station 2011 Combined cycle plant situated on Qeshm island is to be connected with submarine power cable to national grid[100]
Kahnooj Combined Power Plant Kerman Province 1000 Natural gas power station 2013 Combined cycle plant under construction[101][102]
Kerman Combined Power Plant Kerman Province 2000 Natural gas power station 2010 Combined cycle plant[103]
Noshahr NG Power Plant Mazandaran Province 50 Natural gas power station 2009 Gas turbine plant[104]
West Mazandaran Combined Power Plant Mazandaran Province 484 Natural gas power station ? Combined cycle plant under construction[105]
Amirabad Port NG Power Plant Mazandaran Province 75 Natural gas power station ? Gas turbine plant under construction[106]
Sarakhs Combined Power Plant Razavi Khorasan Province 1650 Natural gas power station 2012 Combined cycle plant under construction; Waste hot water from the plant is to be used for industrial greenhouse agriculture[107][108]

Geothermal[edit]

Name Location Capacity Type Operational Notes
Meshkinshahr Geothermal Power Plant Ardabil Province 250 MW Geothermal power station 2010 It is Iran's first geothermal electricity generation station

Hydroelectric[edit]

In service[edit]

Name Location Capacity (MW) Type Operational Notes
Shahid Abbaspour Dam (Karun-1) Khuzestan 2,000 Hydroelectric dam 1976 One of the 4 large hydroelectric dams on Karun River [109] [110]
Karkheh Dam Khūzestān 520 Hydroelectric dam 2001 The dam was built by Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps
Amir Kabir Dam Karaj 90 Hydroelectric dam 1961 In addition to power it provides water for city of Tehran
Dez Dam Khuzestan 520 Hydroelectric dam 1963 [109] [111]
Karun-3 Dam Khuzestan 2,280 Hydroelectric dam 2005 [109] [112]
Karun-4 Dam Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari 1,020 Hydroelectric dam 2010 [109]
Masjed Soleyman Dam Masjed-Soleyman 2,000 Hydroelectric dam 2002 [113]
Lar Dam, Amol Mazandaran Province 30 Hydroelectric dam 1984
Latyan Dam Tehran Province 45 Hydroelectric dam 1967
Bakhtiari Dam Lorestān Province 1,500 Hydroelectric dam 2016 Under construction; Upon completion it is going to become the world's tallest dam with a height of 315 meters.[114]
Iran–Turkmenistan Friendship Dam Border of Iran & Turkmenistan ? Hydroelectric dam ? Dam is operational and the installation of power units on the dam is currently being negotiated between the two countries[115]
Kouhrang Dam Isfahan Province 35.1 Hydroelectric dam 2002 [109]
Lavarak Dam Tehran Province 47 Hydroelectric dam 2009
Shahid Rajaee Dam Mazandaran Province 13.5 Hydroelectric dam 2007 [109]
Shahid Talebi Dam Fars Province 2.3 Hydroelectric dam 1994 In operation
Yasuj Chain Dam Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad Province 16.8 Hydroelectric dam 2005 Being upgraded to 25 MW
Shahid Azimi Dam 1 Hydroelectric dam ? In operation
Piran Dam Kermanshah Province 8.4 Hydroelectric dam 2011 In operation
Rudbar Lorestan Dam Lorestan Province 450 Hydroelectric dam 2013 (?) Under construction
Jiroft Dam Kerman Province 85 Hydroelectric dam 1993
Manjil Dam Gīlān Province 87 Hydroelectric dam 1962
Khoda Afrin Dam East Azerbaijan 0.55 Hydroelectric dam 2008
Zayanderud Dam Isfahan Province 50 Hydroelectric dam 1970
Rais Ali Dilavari Dam Bushehr Province 70 Hydroelectric dam 2008
Joreh Dam[citation needed] Khuzestan Province 48[citation needed] Hydroelectric dam[citation needed] 2011 (?)[citation needed] Under construction[citation needed]
Mulla Sadra Dam Fars Province 100 Hydroelectric dam 2007
Doroodzan Dam Fars Province 10 Hydroelectric dam 1973
Marun Dam Khuzestan 151 Hydroelectric dam 1976
Talaqan Dam Qazvin Province 18 Hydroelectric dam 2006
Gavoshan Dam Kurdistan Province 11 Hydroelectric dam 2004
Lower Gotvand Dam Khuzestan Province 1,000 Hydroelectric dam 2012 (?) Under construction
Salman Farsi Dam Fars Province 13 Hydroelectric dam 2009
Ardeh Dam Gilan Province 0.125 Run of the river 1991 The hydroelectric plant is not connected to national grid
Darreh Takht Power Plant Lorestan Province 1.6 Run-of-the-river 1986, 2000 Operational[116] [117]
Micro Power Plants 227 Run-of-the-river 2004 Operational; five power plants nationwide.[118]

Proposed or Under construction[edit]

Name Location Capacity Type Operational Notes
Bakhtiari Dam Lorestān Province 1,500 Hydroelectric dam 2016 Dam is currently under construction; Upon completion it is going to become the world's tallest dam with a height of 315 meters.[119]
Iran–Turkmenistan Friendship Dam Border of Iran & Turkmenistan Hydroelectric dam Dam is operational and the installation of power units on the dam is currently being negotiated between the two countries[120]
Sardasht Dam 120 Hydroelectric dam Under construction
Rudbar Lorestan Dam Lorestan Province 450 Hydroelectric dam 2012 Currently under construction
Seimareh Dam Ilam Province & Lorestan Province 480 Hydroelectric dam 2013 Under construction
Upper Gotvand Dam Khuzestan Province 2,000 Hydroelectric dam 2015 Currently under construction; When finished it is going to be one of Iran's largestHydroelectric dams; It will become partially operational in 2011[121]
Khersan-3 Dam Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari 315 Hydroelectric dam 2014 Under construction
Joreh Dam[citation needed] Khuzestan Province 48 MW[citation needed] Hydroelectric dam[citation needed] 2011[citation needed] Under construction[citation needed]
Lower Gotvand Dam Khuzestan Province 1,000 Hydroelectric dam 2012 Under construction
Sarrud Dam 65 KW Hydroelectric dam Under construction
Tarik Dam 2.8 Hydroelectric dam Under construction
Zayanderud Regulatory Dam Isfahan Province 8.5 Hydroelectric dam Under construction
Aras Watershed Dam 264 Hydroelectric dam Feasibility studies completed in 2009
Zalaki Dam 466 Hydroelectric dam Feasibility study
Liro Dam 324 Hydroelectric dam Feasibility study
Sezar 4-1 Dam 265 Hydroelectric dam Feasibility study
Dez 3-1 Dam 930 Hydroelectric dam Feasibility study
Hajghalandar Dam 80 Hydroelectric dam Feasibility study
Chambastan Dam 135 Hydroelectric dam Feasibility study
Namarestagh Dam 33.5 Hydroelectric dam Feasibility study
Sardabrud Dam 20 Run of the river Feasibility studies completed in 2009
Gulestan Dam 5.6 Run of the river Feasibility studies completed in 2009
Pir Taghi Dam 240 Hydroelectric dam Feasibility study
Namhil Dam 496 Hydroelectric dam Feasibility studies completed
Pavehrud Dam 250 Hydroelectric dam Feasibility studies completed
Kalat Dam 292 Hydroelectric dam Feasibility study
Khersan-2 Dam 580 Hydroelectric dam Feasibility study
Khersan-1 Dam 2,638 Hydroelectric dam Feasibility study
Bazaft Dam 240 Hydroelectric dam Feasibility study
Karun-3 Axis-3 Dam 1,458 Hydroelectric dam Feasibility study
Karun-5 Dam 560 Hydroelectric dam Feasibility study
Karun-2 Axis-8 Dam 1,000 Hydroelectric dam Feasibility study
Garsha Godar Pir Dam 200 Hydroelectric dam Feasibility study
Karun Buran Dam 284 Hydroelectric dam Feasibility study
Tang Mashure Dam 167 Hydroelectric dam Feasibility study
Sazbon Dam 375 Hydroelectric dam Feasibility study
Karkheh-2 Dam 118 Hydroelectric dam Feasibility study
Sazbon Jadid Axis-2 Dam 300 Hydroelectric dam Feasibility studies completed
Dez Regulator Dam Khuzestan Province 28 Hydroelectric dam Feasibility study
Daryan Dam Kermanshah Province 210 Hydroelectric dam 2017 Under construction[99][122]

Pumped storage hydroelectric[edit]

Name Location Capacity Type Operational Notes
Siah Bishe Pumped Storage Power Plant Mazandaran Province Output: 1,040 MW; Input: 940 MW Pumped-storage hydroelectricity 2011 (2012?) Dam is under construction; It is Iran's first Pumped-Storage Hydroelectric Station; It is designed to reduce the need for thermal power stations during peak power hours
Ilam Pump Storage Dam Ilam Province Out put: 1,000 MW Pumped-storage hydroelectricity Feasibility study
Azad Dam Kurdistan Province 30 MW; Regeneration: 500 MW Hydroelectric dam / Pumped-storage hydroelectricity 2013 Under construction

Nuclear[edit]

In service[edit]

Name Location Capacity (MW) Type Operational Notes and References
Bushehr Nuclear Power Plant Bushehr 915 VVER 2010-07-01 Originally Bushehr Nuclear Power Plant was planned to have four PWR's each with an electricity generating capacity of 915 MW. Bushehr-1 reactor came achieved commercial operation in September 2013.[123]

Under construction[edit]

Name Location Capacity (MW) Type Operational Notes
IR-40 Arak 40 Heavy water reactor 2011 It is a thermal reactor designed to produce power and isotopes; It is also Iran's first indigenously built nuclear reactor
Darkhovin Nuclear Power Plant Darkhovin 360 Heavy water reactor 2016 Construction of Darkhovin Nuclear Power Plant began in 2008; It is to be built based on indigenous technologies developed for IR-40; It is scheduled to come online in 2016

Solar[edit]

With about 300 clear sunny days a year and an average of 2,200 kilowatt-hour solar radiation per square meter, Iran has a great potential to tap solar energy.[124]

Name Location Capacity Type Operational Notes
Yazd solar thermal power plant Yazd 467 MW Integrated Solar Combined Cycle 2009 Yazd solar thermal power plant is the world's first integrated solar combined cycle power station using natural gas and solar energy. It is the largest solar power plant in the Middle East and the eighth largest in the world.[124]
Shiraz solar power plant Shiraz 250 KW Concentrating solar power 2009 Shiraz solar power plant is Iran's first Solar power station; Currently being upgraded to 500 kW·h

Tidal & wave power[edit]

Wind[edit]

Name Location Capacity Type Operational Notes
Binalood wind farm Razavi Khorasan Province 28.2 MW Onshore wind farm 2008 The wind farm uses 43 units of 660 kW·h; Currently being upgraded to 93 turbine units with a total capacity of 61.2 MWh
Manjil and Rudbar Wind Farm Gilan Province 100.8 MW Onshore wind farm 1994 The wind farm uses 171 units of 300-660 kW·h turbines; It was the first wind farm in Iran
Jarandaq wind farm Qazvin Province 60 MW Being studied[125]

Others[edit]

Name Location Capacity Type Operational Notes
Qazvin hydrogen power plant Qazvin Province 200 KW Photoelectrochemical cell / Fuel cell 2009 The plant is based on the idea of Hydrogen economy, using Photoelectrochemical cells to produce hydrogen for electricity generation in Fuel cells
Shahid Esmaili power plant Tehran Province 7 MW Combined Heat & Power (CHP) system.[61] N/A CHP is a system that involves the recovery of waste heat from power generation to form useful energy for other purposes such as heating. The system increases the efficiency of the power plant to more than 1.5 times that of traditional power plants.

Decentralized power generation[edit]

In addition to the above power plants, there was 1800 MW cumulative installed capacity in 2011, which belonged to small scale decentralized power plants some of which were not connected to national grid and many being privately built and run. This capacity is planned for increase to more than 10,000 MW with emphasis on renewable energy and trigeneration. Similarly there was 418 MW of capacity belonging to diesel generator based plants supplying hard to reach areas.[126][127][128][129][130]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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