List of Governors of California before admission
This is a list of the 33 Governors of California before her admission as the 31st U.S. state in 1850. From 1769 to 1822, the area was a Spanish colony. Upon Mexico's independence from Spain in 1822 until statehood in 1836, it was a federal territory of the United Mexican States (UEM). From 1836 to 1846, it achieved full self-rule as a free and sovereign State alongside the UEM, sending its elected and voting representation to Mexico City. From 1846 to 1850, it was a nominally independent republic in cooperation with the US military. California was admitted as one of the United States on September 9, 1850.
At the start of the Bear Flag revolt against Mexico in 1846, land surveyor Capt. John C. Fremont on the frontier sent his companion William B. Ide over to Sonoma, where he tried to foment insurrection and where he captured Californian citizens. Ide made many public declarations about himself as conquering "commander" and "President of California," but such bluster had no political substance. A year later, Fremont pronounced himself military governor and for that he was convicted of mutiny in court-martial, his superior, Gen. Kearney presiding. While this was going on, Californians willingly cooperated with the American military and freely continued to elect their own civil officials.
For governors of the state after admission in 1850, see List of Governors of California.
Colony of the Kingdom of Spain, 1769-1822
Until 1804, Las Californias included both Lower (Baja) and Upper (Alta) California. After that date, each province had its own governor. The list below names only the governors of Alta California after Arrillaga, who remained governor of Alta California after the split.
Federal territory, United Mexican States (EUM), 1822-1836
Free and sovereign State, EUM, 1836-1846
US military governors of California, 1846-1849
- List of Governors of California
- List of Texas Governors and Presidents
- Spanish governors of New Mexico
- Irvine, Leigh H. (1905). "Vol. I, Chapter III". A History Of The New California - Its Resources And People. New York: The Lewis Publishing Company. OCLC 35952214. Retrieved 2007-07-11.