List of premiers of Quebec

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Philippe Couillard is the current premier of Quebec.
Main article: Premier of Quebec

This is a list of the premiers of the province of Quebec, Canada, since Confederation in 1867. Quebec uses a unicameral (originally bicameral) Westminster-style parliamentary government, in which the premier is the leader of the party that controls the most seats in the National Assembly (previously called the Legislative Assembly). The premier, sometimes called the prime minister, is Quebec's head of government, while the Queen of Canada is its head of state and is represented by the Lieutenant Governor of Quebec. The premier picks a cabinet from the elected members to form the Executive Council of Quebec, and presides over that body.

Members are first elected to the legislature during general elections. General elections must be conducted every five years from the date of the last election, but the premier may ask for early dissolution of the legislative assembly. An election may also happen if the Governing party loses the confidence of the legislature, by the defeat of a supply bill or tabling of a confidence motion.

This article only covers the time since the Canadian Confederation was created in 1867. For the premiers of the Canada East from 1840 to 1867, see List of Joint Premiers of the Province of Canada. The governments of Lower Canada from 1792 to 1840 were mostly controlled by representatives of the Crown.

Premiers of Quebec since 1867[edit]

      Parti conservateur du Québec       Union Nationale       Parti libéral du Québec       Parti Québécois

Premier
(party)
Period Assem-
blies
Elections District
(region)
Pierre-Joseph-Olivier Chauveau2.jpg
1st Pierre-Joseph-Olivier Chauveau
(Conservative)
July 15, 1867
February 25, 1873
1st
2nd
...
Elected Aug.-Sep. 1867
Re-elected Jun.-Jul. 1871
Resigned (moved to federal politics) Feb 25, 1873
Québec
(Québec)
Gédéon Ouimet.jpg
2nd Gédéon Ouimet
(Conservative)
February 27, 1873
September 22, 1874
...
...
Designated Feb 27, 1873
Resigned (Retired) Sep 22, 1874
Deux-Montagnes
(Laurentides)
Charles-Eugène Boucher de Boucherville portrait.jpg
3rd Charles Boucher de Boucherville
(Conservative)
(1st time of 2)
September 22, 1874
March 8, 1878
...
3rd
...
Designated Sep 22, 1874
Re-elected Jul 7, 1875
Dismissed by L-G Mar 8, 1878
Montarville[1]
(Montérégie)
HenriGustaveJolydeLotbiniere23.jpg
4th Henri-Gustave Joly de Lotbinière
(Liberal)
March 8, 1878
October 31, 1879
...
4th
...
Designated Mar 8, 1878
Re-elected May 1, 1878 to a minority
Resigned (non-confidence) Oct 31, 1879
Lotbinière
(Chaudière-Appalaches)
Joseph-Adolphe Chapleau.jpg
5th Sir Joseph-Adolphe Chapleau
(Conservative)
October 31, 1879
July 31, 1882
...
5th
...
Designated Oct 31, 1879 to a minority
Re-elected Dec 2, 1881
Resigned (moved to federal politics) Jul 31, 1882
Terrebonne
(Lanaudière)
Joseph-Alfred Mousseau.jpg
6th Joseph-Alfred Mousseau
(Conservative)
July 31, 1882
January 23, 1884
...
...
Designated Jul 31, 1882
Resigned (moved to the judiciary) Jan 23, 1884
Jacques-Cartier
(Montreal West)
John Jones Ross2.jpg
7th John Jones Ross
(Conservative)
January 23, 1884
January 25, 1887
...
6th
...
Designated Jan 23, 1884
Re-elected Oct 14, 1886 to a minority
Resigned (moved to federal politics) Jan 25, 1887
Shawinigan[2]
(Mauricie)
Louis-Olivier Taillon.jpg
8th Louis-Olivier Taillon
(Conservative)
(1st time of 2)
January 25, 1887
January 29, 1887
...
...
Designated Jan 25, 1887 to a minority
Resigned (due to 6th election) Jan 29, 1887
Montcalm
(Lanaudière)
Honoré Mercier 2.jpg
9th Honoré Mercier
(Parti National)[3]
January 29, 1887
December 21, 1891
...
7th
...
Designated Jan 29, 1887
Re-elected Jun 17, 1890
Dismissed by L-G Dec 21, 1891
Saint-Hyacinthe (until 1890)
(Montérégie)
Bonaventure (after 1890)
(Gaspésie—Îles-de-la-Madeleine)
Charles-Eugène Boucher de Boucherville portrait.jpg
- Charles Boucher de Boucherville
(Conservative)
(2nd time of 2)
December 21, 1891
December 16, 1892
...
8th
...
Designated Dec 21, 1891 to a minority
Re-elected Mar 8, 1892
Resigned (moved to judiciary) Dec 16, 1892
Montarville[4]
(Montérégie)
Louis-Olivier Taillon.jpg
- Louis-Olivier Taillon
(Conservative)
(2nd time of 2)
December 16, 1892
May 11, 1896
...
...
Designated Dec 16, 1892
Resigned (moved to federal politics) May 11, 1896
Chambly
(Montérégie)
Edmund James Flynn.png
10th Edmund James Flynn
(Conservative)
May 11, 1896
May 24, 1897
... Designated May 11, 1896 Gaspé
(Gaspésie-Îles-de-la-Madeleine)
Félix-Gabriel Marchand.png
11th Félix-Gabriel Marchand
(Liberal)
May 24, 1897
September 25, 1900
9th
...
Elected May 11, 1897
Died in office Sep 25, 1900
Saint-Jean
(Montérégie)
Simon-Napoléon Parent.jpg
12th Simon-Napoléon Parent
(Liberal)
October 3, 1900
March 23, 1905
...
10th
11th
...
Designated Oct 3, 1900
Re-elected Dec 7, 1900
Re-elected Nov 25, 1904
Resigned (dismissed by party)
Saint-Sauveur
(Québec)
Lomer Gouin.jpg
13th Lomer Gouin
(Liberal)
March 23, 1905
July 9, 1920
...
12th
13th
14th
15th
...
Designated Mar 23, 1905
Re-elected Jun 8, 1908
Re-elected May 15, 1912
Re-elected May 22, 1916
Re-elected Jun 23, 1919
Resigned (moved to Legislative Council) Jul 9, 1920
Montréal no 2 (until 1908)
(Montreal East)
Portneuf (after 1908)
(Québec)
Louis-Alexandre Taschereau2.jpg
14th Louis-Alexandre Taschereau
(Liberal)
July 9, 1920
June 11, 1936
...
16th
17th
18th
19th
...
Designated Jul 9, 1920
Re-elected Feb 5, 1923
Re-elected May 16, 1927
Re-elected Aug 24, 1931
Re-elected Nov 25, 1935
Resigned (scandal) Jun 11, 1936
Montmorency
(Québec)
Adelard Godbout portrait.jpg
15th Adélard Godbout
(Liberal)
(1st time of 2)
June 11, 1936
August 26, 1936
... Designated Jun 11, 1936 L'Islet
(Chaudière-Appalaches)
Maurice Duplessis, 1938.png
16th Maurice Duplessis
(Union Nationale)
(1st time of 2)
August 26, 1936
November 9, 1939
20th Elected Aug 17, 1936 Trois-Rivières
(Mauricie)
Adelard Godbout portrait.jpg
- Adélard Godbout
(Liberal)
(2nd time of 2)
November 8, 1939
August 30, 1944
21st Elected Oct 25, 1939 L'Islet
(Chaudière-Appalaches)
Maurice Duplessis, 1938.png
- Maurice Duplessis
(Union Nationale)
(2nd time of 2)
August 30, 1944
September 7, 1959
22nd
23rd
24th
25th
...
Elected Aug 8, 1944
Re-elected Jul 28, 1948
Re-elected Jul 16, 1952
Re-elected Jun 20, 1956
Died in office Sep 7, 1959
Trois-Rivières
(Mauricie)
Paul Sauvé.png
17th Paul Sauvé
(Union Nationale)
September 11, 1959
January 2, 1960
...
...
Designated Sep 11, 1959
Died in office Jan 2, 1960
Deux-Montagnes
(Laurentides)
Antonio Barrette.png
18th Antonio Barrette
(Union Nationale)
January 8, 1960
July 5, 1960
... Designated Jan 8, 1960 Joliette
(Lanaudière)
Jean Lesage avocat.jpg
19th Jean Lesage
(Liberal)
July 5, 1960
June 16, 1966
26th
27th
Elected Jun 22, 1960
Re-elected Nov 14, 1962
Québec-Ouest
(Québec)
Daniel Johnson Sr. infobox.jpg
20th Daniel Johnson, Sr.
(Union Nationale)
June 16, 1966
September 26, 1968
28th
...
Elected Jun 5, 1966
Died in office Sep 26, 1968
Bagot
(Montérégie)
21st Jean-Jacques Bertrand
(Union Nationale)
October 2, 1968
May 12, 1970
... Designated Oct 2, 1968 Missisquoi
(Eastern Townships)
Robert Bourassa01.jpg
22nd Robert Bourassa
(Liberal)
(1st time of 2)
May 12, 1970
November 25, 1976
29th
30th
Elected Apr 29, 1970
Re-elected Oct 29, 1973
Mercier
(Montreal East)
Assemblée nationale - Statue René Lévesque1.jpg
23rd René Lévesque
(Parti Québécois)
November 25, 1976
October 3, 1985
31st
32nd
...
Elected Nov 15, 1976
Re-elected Apr 13, 1981
Resigned Oct 3, 1985
Taillon
(Montérégie)
24th Pierre-Marc Johnson
(Parti Québécois)
October 3, 1985
December 12, 1985
... Designated Oct 3, 1985 Anjou
(Montreal East)
Assemblée nationale - Statue Robert Bourassa1.jpg
- Robert Bourassa
(Liberal)
(2nd time of 2)
December 12, 1985
January 11, 1994
33rd
34th
...
Elected Dec 2, 1985
Re-elected Sep 25, 1989
Resigned (Retired) Jan 11, 1994
Saint-Laurent[5]
(Montreal West)
Daniel Johnson, Jr. at the PLQ Leadership Convention, March 16, 2013 CROPPED.jpg
25th Daniel Johnson, Jr.
(Liberal)
January 11, 1994
September 26, 1994
... Designated Jan 11, 1994 Vaudreuil
(Montérégie)
Jacques Parizeau1.jpg
26th Jacques Parizeau
(Parti Québécois)
September 26, 1994
January 29, 1996
35th
...
Elected Sep 12, 1994
Resigned (Retired) Jan 29, 1996
L'Assomption
(Lanaudière)
Lucien Bouchard2.jpg 27th Lucien Bouchard
(Parti Québécois)
January 29, 1996
March 8, 2001
...
36th
...
Designated Jan 29, 1996
Re-elected Nov 30, 1998
Resigned (Retired) Mar 8, 2001
Jonquière
(Saguenay–Lac-Saint-Jean)
Bernard Landry2-.jpg
28th Bernard Landry
(Parti Québécois)
March 8, 2001
April 29, 2003
... Designated Mar 8, 2001 Verchères
(Montérégie)
Jean Charest de face (Novembre 2010).png
29th Jean Charest
(Liberal)
April 29, 2003
September 19, 2012
37th
38th
39th
Elected Apr 14, 2003
Re-Elected March 26, 2007 to a minority
Re-Elected December 8, 2008
Sherbrooke
(Estrie)
Photographie officielle de Pauline Marois.png
30th Pauline Marois
(Parti Québécois)
September 19, 2012
April 23, 2014
40th Elected September 4, 2012 to a minority Charlevoix–Côte-de-Beaupré
(Capitale-Nationale)
Philippe Couillard.jpg
31st Philippe Couillard
(Liberal)
April 23, 2014 41st Elected April 7, 2014 Roberval
(Saguenay–Lac-Saint-Jean)

Living former premiers[edit]

As of April 2014, seven former premiers are alive, the oldest being Jacques Parizeau (1994–1996, born 1930). The most recent former premier to die was Robert Bourassa (1970–1976, 1985–1994), on October 2, 1996.

Name Term Date of birth
Pierre-Marc Johnson 1985 (1946-07-05) July 5, 1946 (age 68)
Daniel Johnson, Jr. 1994 (1944-12-24) December 24, 1944 (age 69)
Jacques Parizeau 1994–1996 (1930-08-09) August 9, 1930 (age 83)
Lucien Bouchard 1996–2001 (1938-12-22) December 22, 1938 (age 75)
Bernard Landry 2001–2003 (1937-03-09) March 9, 1937 (age 77)
Jean Charest 2003–2012 (1958-06-24) June 24, 1958 (age 56)
Pauline Marois 2012–2014 (1949-03-29) March 29, 1949 (age 65)

See also[edit]

For more lists of this type, see Lists of incumbents.

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Charles Boucher de Boucherville was not a member of the Legislative Assembly during his tenure as Premier. He was a member of the upper house, the Legislative Council.
  2. ^ John Jones Ross was not a member of the Legislative Assembly during his tenure as Premier. He was a member of the upper house, the Legislative Council.
  3. ^ In the aftermath of the execution of Louis Riel, Honoré Mercier founded the Parti National, in order to bring Conservative dissidents to the Liberal Party. From 1885 to 1891, the Liberal Party is also called Parti National.
  4. ^ Charles Boucher de Boucherville was not a member of the Legislative Assembly during his tenure as Premier. He was a member of the upper house, the Legislative Council.
  5. ^ In 1985, Liberal Leader Robert Bourassa lost his seat in the district of Bertrand. On January 20, 1986, he won a by-election in the district of Saint-Laurent, after a member of the legislature from his party resigned his seat.

References[edit]