List of Presidents of Rwanda

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President of the
Republic of Rwanda
Presidential Standard of Rwanda.svg
Flag of the President
President Paul Kagama (portrait) (cropped).jpg
Paul Kagame

since 24 March 2000
Residence Urugwiro, Kigali
Term length 7 years (renewable once)[1]
Inaugural holder Dominique Mbonyumutwa
Formation 28 January 1961
Coat of arms of Rwanda.svg
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The President of Rwanda is the head of state of the Republic of Rwanda. The current president is Paul Kagame, who has held the office since March 2000, after the resignation of his predecessor, Pasteur Bizimungu. Kagame subsequently won elections in 2003 and 2010, although human rights organisations have criticized these elections as being "marked by increasing political repression and a crackdown on free speech".

The president can be elected to two seven-year terms[1] and has broad powers including creating policy in conjunction with the Cabinet, exercising the prerogative of mercy, commanding the armed forces, negotiating and ratifying treaties, signing presidential orders, and declaring war or a state of emergency. The President is elected by popular vote every seven years, and appoints the Prime Minister and all other members of Cabinet.

(Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office)

Tenure Portrait Incumbent Affiliation Notes
Republic of Rwanda Part of Ruanda-Urundi
28 January 1961 to 26 October 1961 Dominique Mbonyumutwa, Provisional President Parmehutu
26 October 1961 to 1 July 1962 Gregoire Kayibanda.png Grégoire Kayibanda, President Parmehutu
Republic of Rwanda Independence from Belgium
(République du Rwanda)
1 July 1962 to 5 July 1973 Gregoire Kayibanda.png Grégoire Kayibanda, President Parmehutu Deposed in a coup d'état
5 July 1973 to 1 August 1973 Juvénal Habyarimana (1980).jpg Juvénal Habyarimana, Chairman of the Committee for Peace and National Unity Mil
1 August 1973 to 6 April 1994 Juvénal Habyarimana, President Mil/MRND Assassinated
8 April 1994 to 19 July 1994 Theodore sindikubwabo.png Théodore Sindikubwabo, Interim President MRND Fled the country at the end of the Rwandan Genocide
19 July 1994 to 23 March 2000 Pasteur Bizimungu, President RPF Resigned
24 March 2000 to Present President Paul Kagama (portrait) (cropped).jpg Paul Kagame, President RPF


Latest election[edit]

e • d Summary of the 9 August 2010 Rwandan presidential election results
Candidates – Parties Votes %
Paul KagameRwandan Patriotic Front 4,638,560 93.08
Jean Damascene NtawukuriryayoSocial Democratic Party 256,488 5.15
Prosper HigiroLiberal Party 68,235 1.37
Alvera MukabarambaParty for Progress and Concord 20,107 0.40
Total valid votes 4,983,390 100.0
Invalid/Blank votes
Total votes
Registered voters 5,178,492
Source: National Electoral Commission of Rwanda (PDF)

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Article 101". Constitution of the Republic of Rwanda. 2003. The President of the Republic is elected for a term of seven years renewable only once. Under no circumstances shall a person hold the office of President of the Republic for more than two terms. 

External links[edit]