List of primates by population

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This is a list of primate species by global population. While numbers are estimates, they have been made by the experts in their fields. For more information on how these estimates were ascertained, see Wikipedia's articles on population biology and population ecology.

This list is not comprehensive, as not all primates have had their numbers quantified.

Common name Binomial name Population Status Trend Notes Image
Hainan black crested gibbon Nomascus hainanus 20[1] CR[1] Steady[1] The population was estimated at over 2000 in the late 1950s.[1] Nomascus nasutus hainanus.jpg
Eastern black crested gibbon Nomascus nasutus 35 – 37[2] CR[2] Decrease[2] Previously thought to be possibly extinct. Numbers may be higher.[2]
Greater bamboo lemur Prolemur simus 100 – 160[3] CR Decrease Prolemur simus Cedric Girard-Buttoz.jpg
Blond capuchin Cebus flavius 180[4] CR[4] Decrease[4] Estimate is for mature individuals only.[4] S. flavius SP Zoo 3.jpg
Sarawak surili Presbytis chrysomelas 200 – 500[5] CR[5] Decrease[5]
Perrier's sifaka Propithecus perrieri 230[6] CR[6] Decrease[6] One of the 25 most endangered primates.[6] Propithecus perrieri 001.jpg
Silky sifaka Propithecus candidus 250[7] EN[7] Decrease[7] Estimate is believed to be a maximum.[7] Silky Sifaka Pink Face Closeup.JPG
Tonkin snub-nosed monkey Rhinopithecus avunculus 250[8] CR[8] Decrease[8]
Barbara Brown's titi Callicebus barbarabrownae 260[9] CR[9] Decrease[9] Minimum estimation.[9]
Myanmar snub-nosed monkey Rhinopithecus strykeri 260 – 330[10] CR[10] Decrease[10] Drawing of Rhinopithecus strykeri.jpg
Superagui lion tamarin Leontopithecus caissara 400[11] CR[11] Decrease[11] Maximum estimate.[11] Leontopithecus caissara.jpg
Kashmir gray langur Semnopithecus ajax 500[12] EN[12] Decrease[12] Maximum estimate; 250 mature.[12]
Coimbra Filho's titi Callicebus coimbrai 500 – 1000[13] EN[13] Decrease[13]
Gray-shanked douc Pygathrix cinerea 550 – 700[14] CR[14] Decrease[14]
Arunachal macaque Macaca munzala 569[15] EN[15] Decrease[15] While one source gives a minimum estimate of 569, another claims adult species number less than 250.[15]
Gray snub-nosed monkey Rhinopithecus brelichi 750[16] EN[16] Decrease[16]
White-headed langur Trachypithecus poliocephalus 764 – 864[17] CR[17] Decrease[17]
Northern muriqui Brachyteles hypoxanthus 855[18] CR[18] Decrease[18] Minimum estimate.[18] Northern Muriqui 9.jpg
Black lion tamarin Leontopithecus chrysopygus 1000[19] EN[19] Decrease[19] Mico leao preto SP Zoo.jpg
Golden lion tamarin Leontopithecus rosalia 1000[20] EN[20] Steady[20] Minimum estimate; wild only.[20] In addition to these, there are about 450 golden lion tamarins in 150 zoos around the world.[21] Golden Lion Tamarin Leontopithecus rosalia.jpg
Tana River mangabey Cercocebus galeritus 1000 – 1200[22] EN[22] Decrease[22]
Kipunji Rungwecebus kipunji 1117[23] CR[23] Decrease[23] Kipunji walking h.jpg
Sanje mangabey Cercocebus sanjei 1300[24] EN[24] Decrease[24] Estimate is likely a maximum.[24] Tanzania -Sanje Mangabey.jpg
Southern muriqui Brachyteles arachnoides 1300[25] EN[25] Decrease[25] Brachyteles arachnoides.jpg
Black crested gibbon Nomascus concolor 1300 – 2000[26] CR[26] Decrease[26] White Cheeked Gibbon Male.jpg
Siau Island tarsier Tarsius tumpara 1358 – 12 470[27] CR[27] Decrease[27] Amongst the world's top 25 most endangered primates.[27]
Red slender loris Loris tardigradus 1500[28] EN[28] Decrease[28] Loris tardigradus tardigradus 002.jpg
Sangihe Tarsier Tarsius sangirensis 1505 – 2795[29] EN[29] Decrease[29] Population estimates are considered inconclusive.[29]
Zanzibar red colobus Procolobus kirkii 2000[30] EN[30] Decrease[30] Maximum estimate.[30] Red Colobus 7.jpg
Black snub-nosed monkey Rhinopithecus bieti 2000[31] EN[31] Decrease[31] Maximum estimate; less than 1000 mature organisms.[31] RhinopitecusBieti.jpg
Pagai Island macaque Macaca pagensis 2100 – 3700[32] CR[32] Decrease[32] Numbered 15 000 in 1980.[32] Beruk Mentawai Macaca pagensis.JPG
Javan surili Presbytis comata 2285 – 2500[33] EN[33] Decrease[33] Presbytiscom.jpg
Lac Alaotra bamboo lemur Hapalemur alaotrensis 2500[34] CR[34] Decrease[34] Estimates were for 2002 and showed a decline of over 50% in under a ten years.[34] Hapalemur alaotrensis JJLM.JPG
Moor macaque Macaca maura 3000 – 5000[35] EN[35] Decrease[35] Mâle macaque maure (Macaca maura).jpg
Lion-tailed macaque Macaca silenus 4000[36] EN[36] Decrease[36] Estimate is a maximum.[36] Bartaffe, Lion-tailed Macaque, (Macaca silenus) - Zoo Leipzig 02.jpg
Silvery gibbon Hylobates moloch 4000 – 4500[37] EN[37] Decrease[37] Silbergibbon mit Nachwuchs.jpg
Gee's golden langur Trachypithecus geei 5500[38] EN[38] Decrease[38] Maximum estimate; mature individuals number less than 2500.[38] Golden Langur.jpg
Eastern gorilla Gorilla beringei 5880[39] EN[39] Decrease[39] Approximately 5000 eastern lowland gorillas (G. b. graueri)[39] and 880 mountain gorillas (G. b. beringei).[40] I'm sooooo tired.jpg
Golden bamboo lemur Hapalemur aureus 5916[41] EN[41] Decrease[41] Real population is as much as 75% below this estimate.[41] Hapalemur aureus 001.jpg
Cottontop tamarin Saguinus oedipus 6000[42] EN[42] Decrease[42] Estimate for mature organisms is 2000.[42] Saguinus oedipus (Linnaeus, 1758).jpg
Golden-crowned sifaka Propithecus tattersalli 6000 – 10 000[43] EN[43] Decrease[43] Propithecus tattersalli 001.jpg
Golden-headed lion tamarin Leontopithecus chrysomelas 6000 – 15 000[44] EN[44] Decrease[44] Goldkopfloewenaeffchen1.jpg
Pig-tailed langur Simias concolor 6700 – 17 300[45] EN[45] Decrease[45] Down from an estimated 26 000 in 1980.[45]
Gray-headed lemur Eulemur cinereiceps 7265[46] EN[46] Decrease[46] Maximum population estimate is 7265 +/- 2,268.[46]
Sumatran orangutan Pongo abelii 7300[47] CR[47] Decrease[47] Who you lookin' at?.jpg
Madame Berthe's mouse lemur Microcebus berthae 8000[48] EN[48] Decrease[48] Estimate is a maximum.[48]
Natuna Island surili Presbytis natunae 10 000[49] VU[49] Decrease[49]
Roosmalens' dwarf marmoset Callibella humilis 10 000[50] VU[50] Decrease[50]
Barbary macaque Macaca sylvanus 15 000[51] EN[51] Decrease[51] Population may be underestimated.[51] Portrait of a father.jpg
Udzungwa red colobus Procolobus gordonorum 15 400[52] EN[52] Decrease[52] Population may be overestimated.[52]
Northern giant mouse lemur Mirza zaza 16 500 – 177 500[53] VU[53] Decrease[53]
Siberut macaque Macaca siberu 17 000 – 30 000[54] VU[54] Decrease[54] Numbered 39 000 in 1980.[54]
Nilgiri langur Trachypithecus johnii 20 000[55] VU[55] Decrease[55] Maximum estimate; mature individuals number less than 10 000.[55] Nilgiri Langur.JPG
Red-eared guenon Cercopithecus erythrotis 20 000[56] VU[56] Decrease[56] Minimum estimate.[56]
Kloss's gibbon Hylobates klossii 20 000 – 25 000[57] EN[57] Decrease[57]
Bonobo Pan paniscus 29 500 – 50 000[58] EN[58] Decrease[58] Population may be underestimated.[58] Pan paniscus (female).jpg
Mentawai langur Presbytis potenziani 36 000[59] EN[59] Decrease[59] Maximum estimate.[59]
Bornean orangutan Pongo pygmaeus 45 000 – 69 000[60] EN[60] Decrease[60] OrangutanP1.jpg
Western gorilla Gorilla gorilla 95 000[61] CR[61] Decrease[61] Figures are considered an overestimation.[61] Western Lowland Gorilla at Bronx Zoo 2 cropped.jpg
Common chimpanzee Pan troglodytes 172 700 – 299 700[62] EN[62] Decrease[62] Gombe Stream NP Jungtier fressend.jpg
Gelada Theropithecus gelada 200 000[63] LC[63] Decrease[63] Gelada-Pavian.jpg
Müller's Bornean gibbon Hylobates muelleri 250 000 – 375 000[64] EN[64] Decrease[64] MuellersGibbon.jpg

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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  21. ^ Current Status of Golden Lion Tamarins - National Zoo| FONZ
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