List of projects of the European Space Agency
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Entire list of projects of the European Space Agency:
- Artemis — Europe's most advanced telecommunication satellite.
- CryoSat-2 — a three-year radar altimetry mission launched on 8 April 2010 to determine variations in the thickness of the Earth’s continental ice sheets and marine ice cover; built to replace Cryosat after launch failure.
- GIOVE-B — the second Galileo in-orbit validation satellite launched on April 2008.
- Hubble Space Telescope — built and operated in cooperation with NASA.
- Mars Express — a space probe to Mars.
- MetOp-A — is the first polar orbiting satellite dedicated to operational meteorology. A satellite to study temperature and humidity, wind speed and direction, ozone and other trace gases on Earth.
- MetOp-B — the second satellite in the EUMETSAT Polar System (EPS), launched in 2012
- Proba-1 — is the technology demonstration mini-satellite launched in 2001. It is the first satellite in the PROBA series
- Proba-2 — the second satellite in the PROBA series, launched in 2009 together with SMOS.
- Proba-V — a new satellite in the PROBA series, launched in May 2013. Main objective is to observe the ground vegetation on a global scale.
- SMOS — the second Earth Explorer mission launched on November 2009 designed to measure Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity.
- Swarm — a satellite mission to measure Earth's magnetic field.
- Venus Express — a space probe to Venus which was launched in Nov 2005 and arrived in orbit around Venus in April 2006.
- Galileo positioning system — a satellite positioning system.
- Sentinel-1 — the first component of the GMES Space Segment, carrying a Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) in C-Band, that will provide all-weather, day and night radar imaging for land and ocean services.
Horizon 2000 (1985)
- Cornerstone 1 — SOHO — a space-based observatory to study the sun (together with NASA).
- Cornerstone 1 — Cluster II — a group of four probes studying the magnetosphere.
- Cornerstone 2 — XMM-Newton — an X-ray observatory satellite which participates in the Cosmic Evolution Survey.
- Cornerstone 3 — Rosetta — a space probe launched in 2004 that will explore comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko in 2014/15.
- Medium-size 2 — INTEGRAL — is the first space observatory that can simultaneously observe objects in gamma rays, X-rays and visible light.
Horizon 2000+ (1994)
- IXV — Intermediate eXperimental Vehicle. Launch date: 2014
- ADM-Aeolus — Mapping Earth's global wind field. Launch date: 2015
- ExoMars — Mars orbiter and lander, followed by rover. Launch dates: 2016 and 2018
- EarthCARE — Studying the roles of clouds and aerosols in our climate. Launch date: 2016
- James Webb Space Telescope — planned successor to the Hubble Space Telescope (together with NASA and the Canadian Space Agency). Launch date: 2018
- MTG — Meteosat Third generation. Launch date: 2018
- BIOMASS — Measuring forest biomass. Launch date: 2020
Horizon 2000+ (1994)
- LISA Pathfinder — aka Smart-2, technology demonstrator for the LISA mission. Launch date: 2015
- BepiColombo — Europe's first mission to Mercury (together with JAXA). Launch date: 2016
- L-class mission — Juice — Europe's first dedicated Jupiter mission. Launch date: 2022
- M-class mission 1 — Solar Orbiter — Europe's closest mission to the Sun. Launch date: 2017
- M-class mission 2 — Euclid — Charting dark matter and dark energy's effects on the Universe. Launch date: 2020
- M-class mission 3 — PLATO — Hunting planets beyond our solar system. Launch date: 2024
- S-class mission — CHEOPS — Studying planets around other stars. Launch date: 2017
- ARD — a testbed for reentry technologies launched in 1998.
- ESA-made instruments on Chandrayaan-1 — Indian space probe to the Moon launched on October 2008, functional until August 2009.
- COROT — a space telescope for detecting rocky exoplanets larger than Earth. Launched Dec 2006. A project led by the French space agency CNES.
- Cos-B — First project of ESA after foundation (in 1975).
- Double Star Mission — probe to study effects of the sun on Earth (in cooperation with the People's Republic of China).
- Envisat — is the world's largest and most complex environmental satellite.
- ERS-1 — First Earth-observing satellite of ESA.
- ERS-2 — is an earth-observing satellite launched in 1995. It is the successor to ERS-1.
- EXOSAT — ESA's first X-ray observatory.
- Giotto mission — First deep space mission of ESA, which went to Comet Halley.
- GIOVE-A — Experimental satellite launched Dec 2005 as forerunner for the Galileo positioning system.
- GOCE — a mission designed to measure the Earth's gravity field, launched on March 2009.
- Hipparcos — A space-based astrometry mission.
- ISO — Infrared Space Observatory.
- IUE — Ultraviolet astronomical space observatory in cooperation with NASA.
- Planck — The next generation Cosmic Microwave Background explorer, after COBE & WMAP. launched in May 2009.
- SMART 1 — A lunar spaceprobe testing new propulsion technology.
- Ulysses — A probe launched in 1990 to study the Sun's north and south poles.
- YES2 — a young engineers' satellite to demonstrate the use of tethers for injection into re-entry orbit of the first students re-entry capsule ever.
Horizon 2000 (1985)
- Cornerstone 4 — Herschel Space Observatory — a space telescope observing in the far-infrared.
- Medium-size 1 — Huygens probe — A space probe to Saturn's moon Titan.
- Eddington mission
- Don Quijote — space probe planned to test deflecting an asteroid 
- EXPERT — a flying hypersonic wind tunnel.