List of projects of the European Space Agency

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Entire list of projects of the European Space Agency:

Current projects already launched[edit]

The ESA control room in Darmstadt, Germany
  • Artemis — Europe's most advanced telecommunication satellite.
  • Cluster II — a group of four probes studying the magnetosphere.
  • CryoSat-2 — a three-year radar altimetry mission launched on 8 April 2010 to determine variations in the thickness of the Earth’s continental ice sheets and marine ice cover; built to replace Cryosat after launch failure.
  • Gaia — cataloguing and astrometry of stars in our galaxy.
  • GIOVE-B — the second Galileo in-orbit validation satellite launched on April 2008.
  • Hubble Space Telescope — built and operated in cooperation with NASA.
  • INTEGRAL — is the first space observatory that can simultaneously observe objects in gamma rays, X-rays and visible light.
  • Mars Express — a space probe to Mars.
  • MetOp-A — is the first polar orbiting satellite dedicated to operational meteorology. A satellite to study temperature and humidity, wind speed and direction, ozone and other trace gases on Earth.
  • MetOp-B — the second satellite in the EUMETSAT Polar System (EPS), launched in 2012
  • Proba-1 — is the technology demonstration mini-satellite launched in 2001. It is the first satellite in the PROBA series
  • Proba-2 — the second satellite in the PROBA series, launched in 2009 together with SMOS.
  • Proba-V — a new satellite in the PROBA series, launched in May 2013. Main objective is to observe the ground vegetation on a global scale.
  • Rosetta — a space probe launched in 2004 that will explore comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko in 2014.
  • SOHO — a space-based observatory to study the sun (together with NASA).
  • SMOS — the second Earth Explorer mission launched on November 2009 designed to measure Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity.
  • Swarm — a satellite mission to measure Earth's magnetic field.
  • Venus Express — a space probe to Venus which was launched in Nov 2005 and arrived in orbit around Venus in April 2006.
  • XMM-Newton — an X-ray observatory satellite which participates in the Cosmic Evolution Survey.

Current projects to be launched in the near future[edit]

Future projects[edit]

  • Aurora Programme — a space exploration programme for manned and unmanned exploration of Mars and other planets in our solar system.
  • Cosmic Vision — a programme of space science missions for 2015–2025.
  • Cheops- a joint project between ESA and Switzerland to study the structure of exoplantes.
  • EarthCARE - collaboration with JAXA to improve understanding of the cloud, radiative and aerosol processes that affect the Earth's climate
  • Euclid — a planned space telescope for mapping the distribution of dark matter and characterizing properties of dark energy.
  • FLPP — a study to evaluate potential future European launchers, reusable or expendable.
  • Jupiter Icy Moon Explorer — spacecraft to visit the Jovian system, focused in particular on studying three of Jupiter's moons; Ganymede, Callisto, and Europa.
  • LISA — a mission to detect and study gravitational waves (together with NASA).
  • Mars Sample Return Mission — a Mars probe as part of the Aurora Programme.
  • PLATO — a planned space telescope for detecting transiting exoplanets.
  • Proba-3 — a mission involving 2 proba-like satellites to demonstrate formation flying.
  • Solar Orbiter — an orbiter to examine the polar regions of the Sun, the project is currently in an assessment phase with a prospective launch in 2015.

Past projects[edit]

  • ARD — a testbed for reentry technologies launched in 1998.
  • ESA-made instruments on Chandrayaan-1 — Indian space probe to the Moon launched on October 2008, functional until August 2009.
  • COROT — a space telescope for detecting rocky exoplanets larger than Earth. Launched Dec 2006. A project led by the French space agency CNES.
  • Cos-B — First project of ESA after foundation (in 1975).
  • Double Star Mission — probe to study effects of the sun on Earth (in cooperation with the People's Republic of China).
  • Envisat — is the world's largest and most complex environmental satellite.
  • ERS-1 — First Earth-observing satellite of ESA.
  • ERS-2 — is an earth-observing satellite launched in 1995. It is the successor to ERS-1.
  • EXOSAT — ESA's first X-ray observatory.
  • Giotto mission — First deep space mission of ESA, which went to Comet Halley.
  • GIOVE-A — Experimental satellite launched Dec 2005 as forerunner for the Galileo positioning system.
  • GOCE — a mission designed to measure the Earth's gravity field, launched on March 2009.
  • Herschel Space Observatory — a space telescope observing in the far-infrared.
  • Hipparcos — A space-based astrometry mission.
  • Huygens probe — A space probe to Saturn's moon Titan.
  • ISO — Infrared Space Observatory.
  • IUE — Ultraviolet astronomical space observatory in cooperation with NASA.
  • Planck — The next generation Cosmic Microwave Background explorer, after COBE & WMAP. launched in May 2009.
  • SMART 1 — A lunar spaceprobe testing new propulsion technology.
  • Ulysses — A probe launched in 1990 to study the Sun's north and south poles.
  • YES2 — a young engineers' satellite to demonstrate the use of tethers for injection into re-entry orbit of the first students re-entry capsule ever.

Cancelled projects[edit]

External links[edit]