List of proposed missions to the Moon

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There are several future lunar missions scheduled or proposed by various nations or organisations.

Under development[edit]

Country Name Launch due
(Private) GLXP Barcelona Moon Team June 2015[1]
(Private) GLXP Penn State Lunar Lion Team July 2015[2]
(Private) GLXP Moon Express 2015[3]
(Private) GLXP Astrobotic Technology 2015[4]
 China Chang'e 4 2015
 Russia Luna-Glob 1 2016[5][6]
 India Chandrayaan-2 2017[7][8]
 China Chang'e 5 2017[9]
 Russia Luna-Glob 2 (Luna-Resurs) 2018[10][11]
 USA ILN Node 1 2018[12]

Proposed[edit]

Space probe missions[edit]

The following robotic space probe missions have been proposed:

Country Name Launch due
(Private) Google Lunar X Prize Some missions in 2015
 Japan SELENE-2[13] 2017[14]
 USA International Lunar Network[12] 2018+
 Europe Lunar Lander[15][16] 2018
 Russia Luna-Grunt 2020 and 2021
 South Korea Moon orbiter and lander[17][18] 2020+
(Private) OpenLuna 2020+

Manned missions[edit]

Country Name Proposed
launch date
Nature of proposed mission
(Private) DSE-Alpha 2017 Mission to transport the first space tourists to fly around the Moon using Soyuz; proposed by Space Adventures (2005).[19][20]
 USA EM-2 2019-21 Manned test of Orion spacecraft in Lunar orbit
 India 2020 Manned moon landing; proposed by ISRO (2009).[21]
 Japan 2020 Manned moon landing; proposed by JAXA (2006).[22]
 Europe Aurora programme[23] 2024 Manned moon landing; proposed by ESA.[24]
 China CLEP 2025+ Manned moon landing; proposed by CNSA.[25][26]
 Iran 2025 Manned moon landing; proposed by ISA (2010).[27]
 Russia 2025+ Manned moon landing; proposed by RFSA (2007).[28]
(Private) 2019 Manned moon landing and operation of lunar surface mineral extraction equipment proposed by Shackleton Energy Company (2012).
(Private) 2020+ Manned moon landing proposed by Golden Spike Company (2012).[29]
(Private) OpenLuna 2020+

NB. Launch dates are aspirational and may change drastically as the planning and preparation progresses.

Cancelled or indefinitely postponed[edit]

Country Name Launch due
 Japan Lunar-A 2004 Integrated into Russia's Luna-Glob 1 mission[30]
 Germany LEO 2012 Mission postponed indefinitely due to budgetary constraints[31]
 UK MoonLITE[32][33] 2014
 USA Constellation program 2020 Mission cancelled by Congress[34]
 USA MoonRise[35] 2018 Not funded by NASA in 2011 funding competition

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Barcelona Moon Team shifts launch date for the lunar mission to June 2015 – Press Release.". barcelonamoonteam.com. 2013-09-12. Retrieved 2013-11-14. 
  2. ^ Nick Azer (2013-11-27). "Moon Roundup: Launch News & Plants on the Moon". googlelunarxprize.org. Retrieved 2013-12-03. 
  3. ^ Hennigan, W.J. (2011-04-08). "MoonEx aims to scour moon for rare materials". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2011-04-10. "MoonEx's machines are designed to look for materials that are scarce on Earth but found in everything from a Toyota Prius car battery to guidance systems on cruise missiles. ... The company is among several teams hoping to someday win the Google Lunar X Prize competition, a $30-million race to the moon in which a privately-funded team must successfully place a robot on the moon's surface and have it explore at least 1/3 of a mile. It also must transmit high definition video and images back to Earth before 2016. ... should be ready to land on the lunar surface by 2013" 
  4. ^ "Lander & Rover Payload User’s Guide Version 2.1". Mission manifest (pdf). Astrobotic Technology. "Mission Launch Date Vehicle(s) Landing Site Payload Moon Cruiser December 2013 Falcon 9 / Lander / Rover An Apollo Site 110 kg Polar Excavator July 2015 Falcon 9 / Lander / Rover South Pole 110 kg Customer Driven Q3 2016 Falcon 9 / Lander / [Rover] Customer Driven 210 [110] kg ... Actual launch dates and destinations are determined by customer demands; additional targets include lava tubes, circumnavigations, etc. Missions landing without a rover can deliver 210 kg of payload." 
  5. ^ "Should Russia participate in the new Moon race" (in Russian). Independent Gazette. 23 January 2008. Retrieved 2008-11-11. 
  6. ^ Craig Covault (4 June 2006). "Russia Plans Ambitious Robotic Lunar Mission". Aviation Week. Retrieved 2008-11-11. 
  7. ^ "Chandrayaan II may be delayed, says ISRO Chief". Space Travel. Sep 12, 2012. Retrieved 2012-10-29. 
  8. ^ "Rogozin presses Russian lunar base, Chandrayaan-2 delayed by Proton and Phobos-Grunt investigations". Lunar Networks. September 13, 2012. Retrieved 2012-10-29. 
  9. ^ "China plans to launch Chang'e 5 in 2017". XinHua News. Dec 16, 2013. 
  10. ^ "Centre approves Chandrayaan II". Deccan Herald. 19 September 2008. Retrieved 2008-11-09. [dead link]
  11. ^ http://www.russianspaceweb.com/luna_resurs.html
  12. ^ a b "ILN". NASA. Retrieved 2008-11-11. 
  13. ^ Paul Kallender (19 May 2003). "Japan Proposes Cheaper Alternative To Stalled Moon Lander". Space.com. Retrieved 2008-11-11. [dead link]
  14. ^ "月着陸・探査ミッション(SELENE-2) の現状について" (PDF) (in Japanese). 2011-02-09. Retrieved 2011-04-13. 
  15. ^ Bérengère Houdou; James Carpenter (2008-10-30). "The MoonNEXT Mission". LEAG - ILEWG - SRR. ESA/ESTEC, The Netherlands. Retrieved 2011-03-17. 
  16. ^ "Fly us to the Moon…south pole to be precise". ESA news. 2010-03-31. Retrieved 2011-03-17. 
  17. ^ Kim, Jack (20 November 2007). "South Korea eyes moon orbiter in 2020, landing 2025". Reuters. Retrieved 2008-11-09. 
  18. ^ Pak, Han-pyol (1 July 2013). "핵전지 실은 한국형 로버 … 지구서 우주인터넷 통해 조종". 중앙일보. Retrieved 2013-07-19. 
  19. ^ Whittington, Mark (29 January 2011). "Space Adventures Closer to Private 'Round the Moon Voyage". Yahoo! News. Retrieved 29 March 2011. 
  20. ^ "Lunar Mission Details". Space Adventures. Retrieved 29 March 2011. 
  21. ^ "India's manned moon mission by 2025: ISRO". The Hindu. 12 January 2009. Retrieved 24 May 2010. 
  22. ^ "Japan Plans Moon Base By 2030". Moon Daily (SpaceDaily.com). 3 August 2006. Retrieved 24 May 2010. 
  23. ^ "The European Space Exploration Programme Aurora". European Space Agency. Retrieved 24 May 2010. 
  24. ^ "The Race to Mars". Discover Magazine. 22 November 2005. Retrieved 24 May 2010. 
  25. ^ "Moon may light man's future". China Daily. 15 August 2009. 
  26. ^ "China has no timetable for manned moon landing: chief scientist". Xin Hua News. 19 Sep 2012. 
  27. ^ http://www.defenceweb.co.za/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=14331:iran-sends-rocket-into-space-improves-its-missile-capabilities&catid=35:Aerospace&Itemid=107
  28. ^ "Russia to send manned mission to the Moon by 2025 - space agency". Russian News and Information Agency. 31 August 2007. Retrieved 24 May 2010. 
  29. ^ "Golden Spike Company Unveils Plans to Fly Commercial Crews to the Moon", Wired Magazine, 6 Dec 2012, accessed 7 Dec 2012.
  30. ^ "Japan's Moon mission in jeopardy". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. 15 January 2007. Retrieved 2008-11-09. "Luna-Glob". Gunter's Space Page. 6 November 2008. Retrieved 2008-11-11. 
  31. ^ "Just watch. Don't Touch. Moon Mission busted." (in German). n-tv. 12 July 2008. Retrieved 2008-11-09. 
  32. ^ Craig Brown (11 January 2007). "British scientists shoot for the moon". Edinburgh: The Scotsman. Retrieved 2007-11-24. 
  33. ^ Pallab Ghosh (10 January 2007). "Britain plans first Moon mission". BBC. Retrieved 2008-11-09. 
  34. ^ NASA's 2011 Budget Should Allow Flexibility Despite Cuts, Space.com, 15 Apr 2011.
  35. ^ "ILN". NASA. Retrieved 2008-11-11.