List of public art in the City of Westminster

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The equestrian statue of Charles I (Hubert Le Sueur, 1633) at Charing Cross. This is considered to be the official centre of London.

There are more than 400 public artworks in the City of Westminster, a borough in central London. Those discussed in this article include freestanding statues, busts and other kinds of permanent sculpture, memorials (excluding plaques without a sculptural element on buildings), fountains, murals, gates and exterior mosaics. Among the sculptors of note represented by works in the area are Auguste Rodin, Sir Alfred Gilbert, Sir Jacob Epstein, Henry Moore and Dame Elisabeth Frink. A separate article lists architectural sculpture in the borough.

There is more public sculpture in the City of Westminster than in any other area of London.[1] This reflects the borough's central location containing most of the West End, the political centres of Westminster and Whitehall and three of the Royal Parks (with parts of Regent's Park and Kensington Gardens), as well as London’s official centre at Charing Cross. Many of the most notable sites for commemoration in London lie within its boundaries, including Trafalgar Square, Parliament Square and the Victoria Embankment. Other monuments of note in the borough include the Albert Memorial and the Victoria Memorial. After World War I many memorials to the conflict were raised in the area, the most significant being the Cenotaph in Whitehall. So great is the number of monuments in the borough that Westminster City Council has deemed an area stretching from Whitehall to St James’s to be a "monument saturation zone", where the addition of new memorials is generally discouraged. The same restriction applies in Royal Parks within the borough.[2]

In addition to the permanent works which are the subject of this article, the City of Westminster is also host to several temporary displays of sculpture. The most prominent of these is at the Fourth plinth in Trafalgar Square, which has shown works by contemporary artists on rotation since 1999. Temporary outdoor displays of sculpture can also be seen at the Royal Academy, the Chelsea College of Arts and the Economist Plaza in St James’s. In 2010 Westminster City Council inaugurated the City of Sculpture project, which has seen contemporary sculpture installed in locations across the borough.[3]

Aldwych / Strand[edit]

Strand is the thoroughfare that has linked the City of London with Westminster since Saxon times;[4] Aldwych is a crescent at its eastern end created during urban improvements in the early 20th century. Among the examples of architectural sculpture in this area, of particular note are Jacob Epstein’s reliefs of the Ages of Man for Zimbabwe House (formerly the British Medical Association building). These figures were the sculptor’s first major works in Britain and the subject of heated controversy due to their nudity in a public setting.[5] Much of the recent public art in this area was bequeathed to the London School of Economics in 2005 by Louis Odette, a Canadian alumnus of the university who also founded the Windsor Sculpture Park in Windsor, Ontario.[6]

Image Title / individual commemorated Type Location Date Artist Architect Notes Listing
George III and Father Thames.jpg
George III and Father Thames
Category:Statue of George III, Somerset House, London on Wikimedia Commons
Sculptural groups Somerset House, Edmond J. Safra Fountain Court

51°30′41″N 0°07′03″W / 51.5113°N 0.1174°W / 51.5113; -0.1174 (George III and Father Thames)

1790c. 1790 Bacon, JohnJohn Bacon Sir William Chambers The King, in the upper group, leans on a rudder and is flanked by a British lion and the prow of a classical barge; the Thames is represented below him as a river god. The maritime theme refers both to the function of the building, as offices for the Royal Navy (among other institutions), and to the King himself as steering the ship of state.[7] Grade I
Statue of Gladstone, Strand, London.JPG
Memorial to William Ewart Gladstone
Category:Gladstone Memorial, London on Wikimedia Commons
Memorial with statue and other sculpture Strand, in front of St Clement Danes

51°30′47″N 0°06′53″W / 51.513°N 0.1146°W / 51.513; -0.1146 (Gladstone Memorial)

1905 Sir Thornycroft, William HamoWilliam Hamo Thornycroft John Lee Unveiled 4 November 1905. Allegorical figures around the base represent Courage, Education, Aspiration and Brotherhood. Also represented are the arms of Gladstone’s constituencies, Midlothian, Oxford University, the Duchy of Lancaster and Newark.[8] Grade II
Samuel Johnson statue, St Clement Danes.jpg
Johnson, SamuelSamuel Johnson
Category:Statue of Samuel Johnson, London on Wikimedia Commons
Statue Strand, behind St Clement Danes

51°30′48″N 0°06′49″W / 51.5132°N 0.1136°W / 51.5132; -0.1136 (Samuel Johnson)

1910 Fitzgerald, Percy HetheringtonPercy Hetherington Fitzgerald
Unveiled 4 August 1910. Fitzgerald was an amateur sculptor and something of a self-appointed authority on Dr Johnson, who was a parishioner of St Clement’s. A portrait medallion of James Boswell is set into the pedestal, which is a post-war replacement for the original.[9] Grade II
Memorial to the Civil Service Riflemen, Somerset House, London - geograph.org.uk - 1479801.jpg
Civil Service Rifles War Memorial
Category:Civil Service Rifles War Memorial on Wikimedia Commons
Memorial Somerset House, River Terrace

51°30′37″N 0°07′03″W / 51.5103°N 0.1176°W / 51.5103; -0.1176 (Civil Service Rifles War Memorial)

1923
Sir Lutyens, EdwinEdwin Lutyens Unveiled 27 January 1924 in the centre of the courtyard of Somerset House; relocated in 2002. The painted stone flags are a feature that Lutyens originally intended to employ on the Cenotaph in Whitehall.[10] Grade II
Andrew Young memorial.jpg
Memorial to Andrew Young Plaque with portrait relief Strand, rear of central block of Bush House

51°30′45″N 0°07′01″W / 51.5125°N 0.1169°W / 51.5125; -0.1169 (Andrew Young Memorial)

1924 Bradbury, EricEric Bradbury
Inscribed IN MEMORY OF/ ANDREW YOUNG F.S.I/ FIRST VALUER TO THE LONDON COUNTY COUNCIL/ 1884–1914/ HE LABOURED TO BEAUTIFY/ THE LONDON HE LOVED. Young oversaw the building of Aldwych and Kingsway in 1899–1905.[11]
LSE-mosa.jpg
Mosaic Mosaic Clare Market, St Clement’s Building (LSE)

51°30′52″N 0°07′01″W / 51.5144°N 0.117°W / 51.5144; -0.117 (Mosaic)

1961 Wilson, Harry WarrenHarry Warren Wilson[12]
The mosaic represents the River Thames and subjects taught at the LSE.[13]
Lord Dowding - geograph.org.uk - 680493.jpg
Air Chief Marshal Hugh Dowding, 1st Baron Dowding
Category:Hugh Dowding statue, London on Wikimedia Commons
Statue Strand, in front of St Clement Danes

51°30′46″N 0°06′51″W / 51.5129°N 0.1143°W / 51.5129; -0.1143 (Lord Dowding)

1988 Winter, FaithFaith Winter Hart, C. A.C. A. Hart Unveiled 30 October 1988 by the Queen Mother. The pose has been described as "deliberately unheroic".[14] St Clement Danes is the Central Church of the Royal Air Force.
Nehru bust, India Place, London.JPG
Nehru, JawaharlalJawaharlal Nehru
Category:Memorial to Jawaharlal Nehru, London on Wikimedia Commons
Bust India Place

51°30′44″N 0°07′07″W / 51.5123°N 0.1185°W / 51.5123; -0.1185 (Jawaharlal Nehru)

1991 Katt, LatikaLatika Katt Leach Associates, PeterPeter Leach Associates Unveiled 14 November 1991 in India House.[15]
Statue of Sir Arthur Harris outside St Clement Danes.jpg
Marshal of the Royal Air Force Sir Arthur Harris, 1st Baronet
Category:Arthur Harris, statue in London on Wikimedia Commons
Statue Strand, in front of St Clement Danes

51°30′47″N 0°06′52″W / 51.5131°N 0.1144°W / 51.5131; -0.1144 (Sir Arthur Harris)

1992 Winter, FaithFaith Winter Hart and Michael Goss, T.T. Hart and Michael Goss Unveiled 31 May 1992 by the Queen Mother. The decision to commemorate Harris ignited a major controversy, and was criticised by the mayors of Dresden and Cologne. The unveiling was met by a public protest.[16]
Eagle, LSE.JPG
Eagle Sculpture Clement’s Inn, Outside Tower One (LSE)

51°30′51″N 0°06′57″W / 51.5141°N 0.1158°W / 51.5141; -0.1158 (Eagle)

2000 Duquette, A.A. Duquette
A small bronze of an eagle′s head. This and the five works that follow are part of the Odette bequest of 2005 to the LSE.[6]
Salutation by Ralph Hicks, LSE.JPG
Salutation Sculpture Portugal Street, rear of the Peacock Theatre (LSE)

51°30′52″N 0°07′03″W / 51.5144°N 0.1174°W / 51.5144; -0.1174 (Salutation)

2002 Hicks, RalphRalph Hicks
An abstracted representation, in stainless steel, of a human figure bowing its head to passersby. Another version is at the Windsor Sculpture Park.[17]
Elephant and LSE.jpg
Baby Tembo
Category:Baby Tembo on Wikimedia Commons
Sculpture Clare Market, outside the Old Building (LSE)

51°30′51″N 0°07′00″W / 51.5143°N 0.1167°W / 51.5143; -0.1167 (Baby Tembo)

2002 Hudson, Derrick StephanDerrick Stephan Hudson
This work and Yolanda vanderGaast’s Penguin were sited on Clare Market as the LSE crèche was at that time at the top of the street, and it was thought that these sculptures might appeal to children. The crèche has since moved.[6]
Three Fates, LSE.JPG
Three Fates Sculpture Clement’s Inn, opposite Tower Three (LSE)

51°30′49″N 0°06′54″W / 51.5137°N 0.1149°W / 51.5137; -0.1149 (Three Fates)

2003 Katz, MortonMorton Katz
[6]
Equus, LSE.JPG
Equus Sculpture John Watkins Plaza, outside the British Library of Political and Economic Science (LSE)

51°30′52″N 0°06′58″W / 51.5145°N 0.116°W / 51.5145; -0.116 (Equus)

2003 Sandys, EdwinaEdwina Sandys
A bronze copy of a smaller marble original of 1977, produced during the artist’s "Stone Age" period.[18]
Penguin, LSE.JPG
Penguin Sculpture Clare Market, outside St Clement’s Building (LSE)

51°30′52″N 0°07′00″W / 51.5144°N 0.1168°W / 51.5144; -0.1168 (Penguin)

2009 vanderGaast, YolandaYolanda vanderGaast
VanderGaast′s original Penguin of 2002[6] stood in Clare Market from 2005. In 2009 it was stolen; the thieves left only the flippers behind. The replacement statue is more firmly secured to the ground than its predecessor.[19]

Bayswater[edit]

See the List of public art in Paddington

Belgravia[edit]

Part of Belgravia lies outside the City of Westminster; for works not listed here see the List of public art in Kensington and Chelsea.

Belgravia is predominantly residential district, laid out in the 1820s by Thomas Cubitt and Thomas Cundy, with a high concentration of embassies and diplomatic buildings.[20] These have determined the character of much of the public art in the area, particularly in Belgrave Square, where most of the works are associated with the Latin American countries whose embassies are on the square.[21]

Image Title / individual commemorated Type Location Date Artist Architect Notes Listing
Drinking Fountain - geograph.org.uk - 1305384.jpg
Memorial to Richard Grosvenor, 2nd Marquess of Westminster Drinking fountain Junction of Pimlico Road and Avery Farm Row

51°29′28″N 0°09′01″W / 51.4911°N 0.1503°W / 51.4911; -0.1503 (Memorial Fountain to the 2nd Marquess of Westminster)

c. 1870
An Italian Renaissance-style drinking fountain of Portland stone and granite, with mosaic panels.[22] Grade II
Fountainhead by Geoffrey Wickham.JPG
Fountainhead Sculpture Halkin Arcade[23]

51°29′58″N 0°09′26″W / 51.4994°N 0.1573°W / 51.4994; -0.1573 (Fountainhead)

1971 Wickham, GeoffreyGeoffrey Wickham
Commissioned by Sotheby's, this work won the Royal British Society of Sculptors’ Silver Medal in 1972 for the most distinguished new sculpture in London.[24]
Bolivar statue, Belgrave Square, Belgravia - DSC05405.JPG
Bolívar, SimónSimón Bolívar
Category:Statue of Simón Bolívar in London on Wikimedia Commons
Statue Belgrave Square

51°29′57″N 0°09′08″W / 51.4992°N 0.1522°W / 51.4992; -0.1522 (Memorial Fountain to the 2nd Marquess of Westminster)

1974 Daini, HugoHugo Daini
Unveiled by James Callaghan, then Foreign Secretary, and the Venezuelan president Rafael Caldera. The statue of Bolívar in London is said to represent him as a maker of constitutions, in contrast to those in Madrid, Rome and Paris, which are equestrian. The quotation on the pedestal stresses his admiration for British institutions: I am convinced that England alone is capable of protecting the world’s precious rights as she is great, glorious and wise.[25]
Great Flora L, Chesham Place SW1.JPG
Great Flora L Sculpture Chesham Place

51°29′52″N 0°09′17″W / 51.4977°N 0.1548°W / 51.4977; -0.1548 (Great Flora L)

1978 Koenig, FritzFritz Koenig
The sculpture stands outside the extension to the German Embassy, with which it is contemporary.[26] It was conceived as "a fragile ‘call-sign’ in the heart of the surging metropolis".[27] Flora I, a work by the same artist, is in the garden of the German Chancellery in Berlin.[28]
Hercules, Ormonde Place SW1.JPG
Hercules Statue Ormonde Place

51°29′27″N 0°09′14″W / 51.4909°N 0.1539°W / 51.4909; -0.1539 (Hercules)

1981 (erected)
A small, bronze replica of the Farnese Hercules. Pedestal inscribed HERCULES/ THIS STATUE IS EXHIBITED/ BY WATES LIMITED/ MAY 1981.
Homage to Leonardo, Belgrave Square, London.JPG
Homage to Leonardo
Category:Homage to Leonardo by Enzo Plazzotta on Wikimedia Commons

Leonardo da Vinci

Sculpture Belgrave Square Gardens 1982 Plazzotta, EnzoEnzo Plazzotta and Mark Holloway
Based on Leonardo’s drawing of the Vitruvian Man. Completed by Holloway, Plazzotta’s studio assistant, after the elder sculptor’s death in 1981. Funded by the American construction magnate John M. Harbert.[29]
Columbus statue, Belgrave Square, Belgravia - DSC05408.JPG
Columbus, ChristopherChristopher Columbus
Category:Statue of Christopher Columbus, London on Wikimedia Commons
Statue Belgrave Square

51°29′55″N 0°09′13″W / 51.4985°N 0.1536°W / 51.4985; -0.1536 (Christopher Columbus)

1992 Bañuelos, TomásTomás Bañuelos
Given by the people of Spain in commemoration of the 500th anniversary of Columbus’s voyage. His birth date is mistakenly given as 1446 on the pedestal.[30]
Statue Of José de San Martín-Belgrave Square.jpg
General José de San Martín Statue Belgrave Square

51°30′00″N 0°09′13″W / 51.5°N 0.1535°W / 51.5; -0.1535 (José de San Martín)

1994 Ferraro, Juan CarlosJuan Carlos Ferraro
A gift of the Anglo-Argentine community in Argentina, unveiled by the Duke of Edinburgh.[31] San Martín is depicted in general’s uniform with his bicorne hat held casually in his right hand, while in his left he holds a trailing sword below the hilt. An inscription reads His name represents democracy, justice and liberty.[32]
Statue of Mozart, Orange Square SW1.JPG
Mozart, Wolfgang AmadeusWolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Category:Statue of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, London on Wikimedia Commons
Statue Orange Square, corner of Ebury Street and Pimlico Road

51°29′27″N 0°09′10″W / 51.4908°N 0.1529°W / 51.4908; -0.1529 (Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart)

1994 Jackson, PhilipPhilip Jackson
The composer is depicted aged 8, when he stayed in a house on Ebury Street for the summer and autumn of 1764; he wrote his first two symphonies there. The statue was proposed to mark the bicentenary of Mozart’s death in 1991.[33]
Robert Grosvenor statue, Westminster, London.JPG
Westminster, Robert Grosvenor, 1st Marquess ofRobert Grosvenor, 1st Marquess of Westminster Statue Wilton Crescent

51°30′01″N 0°09′14″W / 51.5004°N 0.1538°W / 51.5004; -0.1538 (Robert Grosvenor, 1st Marquess of Westminster)

1998 Wylder, JonathanJonathan Wylder
The developer of Belgravia is shown studying plans of the area, his foot resting on a milestone inscribed CHESTER/ 197/ MILES, a reference to his estate at Eaton Hall in Cheshire. On either side sit two talbots, the supporters from his coat of arms.[34] An inscription on the pedestal reads When we build, let us think we build for ever – a slight misquotation from John Ruskin’s Seven Lamps of Architecture (1849).[35]
Armillary sphere in Belgrave Square, London.jpg
Armillary sphere Armillary sphere Belgrave Square 2000
A gift from the Duke of Westminster to mark the beginning of the third millennium. The inscription on the rim is taken from William Blake’s "Auguries of Innocence" (1803): To see a world in a grain of sand and a heaven in a wild flower, hold infinity in the palm of your hand and eternity in an hour.[36]
Statue Of Prince Henry The Navigator-Belgrave Square.jpg
Prince Henry the Navigator Statue Belgrave Square

51°29′57″N 0°09′18″W / 51.4992°N 0.1549°W / 51.4992; -0.1549 (Robert Grosvenor, 1st Marquess of Westminster)

2002 (erected) after José Simões de Almeida (the younger)
Unveiled 12 February 2002 by Jorge Sampaio, the President of Portugal.[37] A cast of a statue in Vila Franca do Campo on São Miguel Island, erected in 1932 to commemorate the quincentenary of the arrival of the Portuguese to the Azores.[38] The Portuguese Embassy is at 11 Belgrave Square.[39]
Bust of George Basevi, Belgrave Square Gardens SW1.JPG
Basevi, GeorgeGeorge Basevi Bust Belgrave Square Gardens

51°29′56″N 0°09′10″W / 51.4989°N 0.1529°W / 51.4989; -0.1529 (George Basevi)

2002 Wylder, JonathanJonathan Wylder[40]
Basevi was responsible for the design and construction of Belgrave Square in 1825–40.[41]

Charing Cross / Trafalgar Square[edit]

Charing Cross, at the junction of Strand and Whitehall, was the site of the first public monument in what is now the City of Westminster,[1] the Eleanor cross (q.v.) commissioned by Edward I late in the 13th century in memory of his queen, Eleanor of Castile. Destroyed by order of the Long Parliament in 1647,[42] the cross was replaced after the Restoration by the equestrian statue of Charles I by Hubert Le Sueur (q.v.), the oldest public sculpture now standing in the borough.[43] In 1865 a fanciful replica of the cross (q.v.) was erected in the forecourt of Charing Cross railway station. Charing Cross was declared the official centre of London in 1831[44] and a plaque marking this status was installed near Le Sueur’s statue in 1955.[45]

Immediately to the north of Charing Cross lies Trafalgar Square, one of London’s most famous public spaces. Conceived as part of John Nash’s urban improvements, the square was initially developed from the 1820s onwards.[46] Its centrepiece, Nelson’s Column (q.v.), was constructed in 1839–42. Charles Barry’s 1840 redesign of the square provided plinths for equestrian monuments to George IV and William IV, but sufficient funds were never raised for the latter statue.[47] Most of the memorials since added have had a military or naval flavour, an exception being the statue of the physician Edward Jenner (q.v.), erected in 1858 but moved to Kensington Gardens only four years later. Another work which originally stood on the square is Hamo Thornycroft’s statue of General Gordon (q.v.); this was removed during World War II and reinstalled on the Victoria Embankment in 1953. Since 1999 the formerly empty fourth plinth has become London’s most prominent showcase for temporary new sculpture.[48]

Image Title / individual commemorated Type Location Date Artist / Designer Architect Notes Listing
Statue of King Charles I, Trafalgar Square - geograph.org.uk - 396971.jpg
Charles I
Category:Equestrian statue of Charles I, Charing Cross on Wikimedia Commons
Equestrian statue Charing Cross

51°30′26″N 0°07′40″W / 51.5073°N 0.1277°W / 51.5073; -0.1277 (Charles I)

1633 Le Sueur, HubertHubert Le Sueur Wren, ChristopherChristopher Wren The earliest Renaissance-style equestrian statue in England. Originally commissioned in 1630 by Charles I’s Lord High Treasurer, Lord Richard Weston, for his estate in Roehampton (then in Surrey). Erected on the site of the Charing Cross in 1674–5, when it was set on its current pedestal.[49] The reliefs were carved by Joshua Marshall, Master Mason to Charles II.[50] Grade I
Statue of James II, Trafalgar Square 02.JPG
James II
Category:Statue of James II in Trafalgar Square on Wikimedia Commons
Statue Lawn in front of the National Gallery, Trafalgar Square

51°30′31″N 0°07′45″W / 51.5085°N 0.1291°W / 51.5085; -0.1291 (James II)

1686 Gibbons, GrinlingGrinling Gibbons with Pierre van Dievoet, Laurence Vandermeulen and Thomas Benniere
Commissioned by the royal servant Tobias Rustat for a site outside the Palace of Whitehall. One of three statues of Stuart monarchs commissioned by him, the others being those of Charles II at the Chelsea Royal Hospital and Windsor Castle. Erected on present site in 1946.[51] Grade I
Statue of King George IV in Trafalgar Square, London (cropped).jpg
George IV
Category:Statue of George IV of the United Kingdom in Trafalgar Square on Wikimedia Commons
Equestrian statue North-eastern plinth, Trafalgar Square

51°30′30″N 0°07′39″W / 51.5083°N 0.1276°W / 51.5083; -0.1276 (George IV)

1830 Chantrey, Francis LegattFrancis Legatt Chantrey Barry, CharlesCharles Barry Originally intended to be the crowning feature of Marble Arch, the decorative scheme of which was cut back after George IV’s death. It still had no home after Chantrey’s death in 1843 and in December of that year it was erected in the newly laid-out Trafalgar Square.[52] Grade II
Londres - Columna de Nelson.JPG
Nelson’s Column
Admiral Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson
Category:Nelson's Column on Wikimedia Commons
Statue on column Centre of Trafalgar Square

51°30′28″N 0°07′40″W / 51.5077°N 0.1279°W / 51.5077; -0.1279 (Admiral Lord Nelson)

1839–42 Baily, Edward HodgesEdward Hodges Baily Railton, WilliamWilliam Railton Nelson is portrayed without an eyepatch, but is unidealised by the standards of the time. The figure is given stability by the coil of rope behind. Portland stone was chosen over bronze as the statue then "would not be resorted to as plunder in revolutions".[53] Grade I
Nelson's column - Death of Nelson at Trafalgar relief.jpg
The Battle of Trafalgar or The Death of Nelson Bas-relief South face of pedestal of Nelson’s Column 1846–9 Carew, John EdwardJohn Edward Carew
Nelson is depicted immediately after receiving his mortal wound; Captain Hardy turns back towards him whilst sailors to the left take aim at the marksman who dealt the blow. Inscribed at the bottom ENGLAND EXPECTS EVERY MAN WILL DO HIS DUTY.[54] Grade I
Nelson's column - Battle of the Nile relief (Edward Carew, 1850).jpg
The Battle of the Nile Bas-relief North face of pedestal of Nelson’s Column 1846–50 Woodington, William F.William F. Woodington
Nelson has been taken below deck after being wounded in the head during the attack on the French fleet in Abu Qir Bay. Captain Edward Berry stands by his side.[55] Grade I
Nelson's column - Battle of Copenhagen relief.jpg
The Bombardment of Copenhagen Bas-relief East face of pedestal of Nelson’s Column 1846–54 Ternouth, JohnJohn Ternouth
Nelson, on board his flagship HMS Elephant, applies his seal to an ultimatum directed at the Crown Prince of Denmark. The city of Copenhagen is visible in the background.[56] Grade I
Nelson's column - Battle of Cape St Vincent relief (Musgrave Watson).jpg
The Battle of Cape St. Vincent Bas-relief West face of pedestal of Nelson’s Column 1846–54 Musgrave Watson and William F. Woodington
Nelson is on board a Spanish ship, the San Nicolas. A Spanish officer kneels in front of Nelson, surrendering the swords of his fellow officers. Watson died in 1847 before he could complete the work.[57] Grade I
Statue of General Sir Charles James Napier in Trafalgar Square.jpg
General Sir Charles James Napier
Category:Statue of Charles James Napier, Trafalgar Square on Wikimedia Commons
Statue South-western plinth, Trafalgar Square

51°30′28″N 0°07′43″W / 51.5077°N 0.1286°W / 51.5077; -0.1286 (Charles James Napier)

1855 Adams, George GammonGeorge Gammon Adams
Unveiled 26 November 1856. Napier holds a scroll out in his right hand, a gesture which symbolises the giving of government to Sindh. The statue was much criticised, The Art Journal calling it "perhaps the worst piece of sculpture in England".[58] Grade II
Statue of Major General Sir Henry Havelock in Trafalgar Square.jpg
Major General Sir Henry Havelock
Category:Statue of Henry Havelock in Trafalgar Square on Wikimedia Commons
Statue South-eastern plinth, Trafalgar Square

51°30′28″N 0°07′39″W / 51.5079°N 0.1274°W / 51.5079; -0.1274 (Henry Havelock)

1861 Behnes, WilliamWilliam Behnes
Unveiled 10 April 1861. The pedestal inscribed at the front with a quotation from one of Havelock’s pre-battle speeches, and to the rear with a list of British and Indian regiments commanded by him during the Indian Mutiny. This was the first statue ever to be modelled from a photograph.[59] Grade II
Charing Cross Memorial 3 (5821600033).jpg
Queen Eleanor Memorial Cross
Eleanor of Castile
Category:Eleanor cross, Charing Cross on Wikimedia Commons
Memorial with sculpture Forecourt of Charing Cross railway station

51°30′30″N 0°07′31″W / 51.5084°N 0.1254°W / 51.5084; -0.1254 (Eleanor Cross)

1865 Earp, ThomasThomas Earp Barry, Edward MiddletonEdward Middleton Barry A replica (with some artistic license) of the original Eleanor cross at Charing, with some details inspired by the Oxford Martyrs’ Memorial. It stands some distance away from the original location of the Charing Cross.[60] Grade II*
Trafalgar square lion.JPG
Four lions
Category:Statues of lions at Nelson's Column on Wikimedia Commons
Statues At the foot of Nelson’s Column

51°30′28″N 0°07′41″W / 51.5078°N 0.1281°W / 51.5078; -0.1281 (Lion)
51°30′28″N 0°07′40″W / 51.5079°N 0.1278°W / 51.5079; -0.1278 (Lion)
51°30′27″N 0°07′41″W / 51.5076°N 0.128°W / 51.5076; -0.128 (Lion)
51°30′28″N 0°07′40″W / 51.5077°N 0.1277°W / 51.5077; -0.1277 (Lion)

1867 Landseer, EdwinEdwin Landseer
Unveiled 31 January 1867. Landseer, an animal painter with no previous experience in sculpture, was assisted by Carlo Marochetti.[61] Grade I
John Law Baker Memorial Drinking Fountain.JPG
Baker, John LawJohn Law Baker Memorial Drinking Fountain Drinking fountain with sculpture Churchyard of St Martin-in-the-Fields

51°30′31″N 0°07′35″W / 51.5087°N 0.1263°W / 51.5087; -0.1263 (John Law Baker Memorial Drinking Fountain)

1886
A truncated fluted column with lion’s-head fountains on two sides, their basins now filled in. Inscribed IN MEMORY OF JOHN LAW BAKER/ FORMERLY OF THE MADRAS ARMY/ BORN 1789 – DIED 1886.[62] Grade II
Fountain St Martin in the Fields night.jpg
Humphry, William GilsonWilliam Gilson Humphry Memorial Drinking Fountain Drinking fountain Adelaide Street, adjacent to corner with Duncannon Street

51°30′31″N 0°07′34″W / 51.5087°N 0.126°W / 51.5087; -0.126 (William Gilson Humphry Memorial Drinking Fountain)

1886
A basic granite drinking fountain set into the churchyard wall of St Martin’s, where Humphry was vicar from 1815 until his death in 1886. Restored with a replica bronze lion mash spout in about 1989, but this is no longer visible on the memorial.[63] No listing, but wall and railings listed Grade I
Edith cavell statue London.JPG
Edith Cavell Memorial
Category:Edith Cavell Memorial, London on Wikimedia Commons
Pylon with sculpture St Martin’s Place

51°30′33″N 0°07′38″W / 51.5093°N 0.1272°W / 51.5093; -0.1272 (Edith Cavell)

1920 Frampton, GeorgeGeorge Frampton
Unveiled 17 March 1920 by Queen Alexandra. The earliest World War I memorial project in England; plans for it began soon after Cavell’s death in 1915. The inscription FOR KING AND COUNTRY was felt to be a travesty of Cavell’s beliefs; in 1924 another was added with her words, PATRIOTISM IS NOT ENOUGH/ I MUST HAVE NO HATRED OR/ BITTERNESS FOR ANYONE.[64] Grade I
Statue of George Washington, Trafalgar Square 02.JPG
Washington, GeorgeGeorge Washington
Category:Statue of George Washington, Trafalgar Square, London on Wikimedia Commons
Statue Lawn in front of the National Gallery, Trafalgar Square

51°30′31″N 0°07′39″W / 51.5087°N 0.1276°W / 51.5087; -0.1276 (George Washington)

1921 after Jean-Antoine Houdon
Unveiled 30 June 1921. A bronze cast of Houdon's 1796 marble statue for the Virginia State Capitol. The state of Virginia offered the cast to London in 1914 to mark the centenary of the Treaty of Ghent, and thus of Anglo-American peace.[65] Grade II
Fountain at Trafalgar Square, London - geograph.org.uk - 224488.jpg
Bust of Jellicoe in Trafalgar Square.jpg
Memorial to Admiral of the Fleet John Jellicoe, 1st Earl Jellicoe Bust, and fountain with two sculptural groups Western fountain and balustrade of Trafalgar Square

51°30′29″N 0°07′42″W / 51.508°N 0.1284°W / 51.508; -0.1284 (Jellicoe Memorial Fountain)
51°30′30″N 0°07′40″W / 51.5083°N 0.1278°W / 51.5083; -0.1278 (Lord Jellicoe)

1948 Wheeler, CharlesCharles Wheeler Lutyens, EdwinEdwin Lutyens The Jellicoe and Beatty memorials were unveiled on 21 October 1948 (Trafalgar Day) by the Duke of Gloucester. They were adapted from the fountains designed by Sir Charles Barry and installed in 1845; Lutyens retained Barry’s cusped quatrefoil-shaped basins and added the vase-shaped central fountains. Each memorial consists of a fountain with a bronze sculptural group and a bust of the admiral in question. During the 2003 refurbishment of the square the busts were moved to the eastern side of the new steps; they previously faced their associated fountains.[66] Grade II*
Trafalgar Square - geograph.org.uk - 811363.jpg
Statue of Beatty in Trafalgar Square.jpg
Memorial to Admiral of the Fleet David Beatty, 1st Earl Beatty Bust, and fountain with two sculptural groups Eastern fountain and balustrade of Trafalgar Square

51°30′29″N 0°07′40″W / 51.5081°N 0.1277°W / 51.5081; -0.1277 (Beatty Memorial Fountain)
51°30′30″N 0°07′40″W / 51.5084°N 0.1277°W / 51.5084; -0.1277 (Lord Beatty)

1948 McMillan, WilliamWilliam McMillan Lutyens, EdwinEdwin Lutyens A square plaque near the centre of the square marks the dedication of the fountains:

THESE FOUNTAINS AND/ THE BUSTS AGAINST THE/ NORTH WALL OF THE/ SQUARE WERE ERECTED/ BY PARLIAMENT TO THE/ MEMORY OF THE ADMIRALS OF/ THE FLEET EARL JELLICOE/ AND EARL BEATTY TO THE/ END THAT THEIR ILLUSTRIOUS/ SERVICES TO THE STATE/ MIGHT NEVER BE FORGOTTEN[67]

Grade II*
Andrew Cunningham, Trafalgar Square.JPG
Admiral of the Fleet Andrew Cunningham, 1st Viscount Cunningham of Hyndhope Bust Balustrade of Trafalgar Square

51°30′30″N 0°07′41″W / 51.5083°N 0.128°W / 51.5083; -0.128 (Lord Cunningham)

1967 Belsky, FrantaFranta Belsky
Unveiled 2 April 1967 by the Duke of Edinburgh. The bust contains a half-pint bottle of Guinness and a note written by the sculptor.[68]
Charing Cross tube stn Northern northbound look south.JPG
Platform murals Murals Charing Cross tube station 1979 Gentleman, DavidDavid Gentleman
The murals on the Northern line platforms depict the construction of the medieval Charing Cross; they are reproduced from woodcuts by Gentleman at twenty times their original size.[69] The murals for the Jubilee and Bakerloo lines feature photographs of Nelson’s Column and paintings in the National Gallery.[70]
Tile murals Tile murals Subway under Trafalgar Square 1992[12] FreeForm Arts Trust
A scheme depicting scenes from the history of Trafalgar Square.[71]
A Conversation With Oscar Wilde - London - 240404.jpg
A Conversation with Oscar Wilde Memorial with sculpture Adelaide Street, near St Martin-in-the-Fields

51°30′32″N 0°07′33″W / 51.5088°N 0.1259°W / 51.5088; -0.1259 (A Conversation with Oscar Wilde)

1998 Hambling, MaggiMaggi Hambling
Unveiled 30 November 1998. A bronze sculpture of Wilde's head and hand (complete with cigarette) emerges from a granite, coffin-shaped plinth. Inscribed with a quotation from Lady Windermere's Fan (1892), We are all/ in the gutter/ but some of us/ are looking at/ the stars.[72]
The Christ Child, St Martin-in-the-Fields.jpg
Christ Child
Category:In the Beginning (sculpture) on Wikimedia Commons
Sculpture Portico of St Martin-in-the-Fields

51°30′32″N 0°07′38″W / 51.5088°N 0.1271°W / 51.5088; -0.1271 (In the Beginning)

1999 Chapman, MichaelMichael Chapman
A relief of a newborn baby with the umbilical cord still uncut, seemingly emerging from a block of Portland stone. The inscription running around the sides reads IN THE BEGINNING/ WAS THE WORD – AND THE/ WORD BECAME FLESH/ AND LIVED AMONG US/ St John 1:1,14.[73]
St Martin in the Fields , top of the lightwell - geograph.org.uk - 1528629.jpg
Poem

Natalie Skilbeck

Inscription around balustrade North of St Martin-in-the-Fields

51°30′32″N 0°07′34″W / 51.509°N 0.1261°W / 51.509; -0.1261 (Poem)

2008 Perkins, TomTom Perkins (lettering) Parry, EricEric Parry The balustrade of a light well is inscribed with a poem by Andrew Motion in stainless steel letters, individually cast.[74] Natalie Skilbeck was a traveller on her gap year killed in a road accident in Mauritius in 2004.[75]

Covent Garden[edit]

Part of Covent Garden lies outside the City of Westminster; for works not listed here, see the List of public art in Camden.

Covent Garden, noted for its former fruit and vegetable market which is now a shopping and entertainment area,[76] is a district on the eastern edge of the West End, between St Martin’s Lane and Drury Lane.

Image Title / individual commemorated Type Location Date Sculptor Architect / Designer Notes Listing
Young Dancer by Royal Opera House (crop).jpg
Young Dancer
Category:Young Dancer by Enzo Plazzotta on Wikimedia Commons
Statue Broad Court, off Bow Street

51°30′49″N 0°07′21″W / 51.5136°N 0.1225°W / 51.5136; -0.1225 (Young Dancer)

1988 Plazzotta, EnzoEnzo Plazzotta
Unveiled 16 May 1988. A gift to Westminster City Council by the sculptor’s estate.[77]
Neptune Fountain, St Pauls Church, Covent Garden.JPG
Neptune Fountain Fountain with sculpture Churchyard of St Paul's, Covent Garden

51°30′41″N 0°07′25″W / 51.5115°N 0.1235°W / 51.5115; -0.1235 (Neptune Fountain)

1995 Thomason, PhilipPhilip Thomason Insall, DonaldDonald Insall Part of the southern gate of the church, reconstructed to Inigo Jones’s design after it had been removed in 1877. The material used is a very close match to Coade stone,[78] the recipe for which has been lost.
Agatha Christie at Great Newport Street.jpg
Agatha Christie Memorial Memorial with sculpture Corner of Great Newport Street and Cranbourn Street

51°30′42″N 0°07′39″W / 51.5118°N 0.1274°W / 51.5118; -0.1274 (Agatha Christie Memorial)

2012 Twiston-Davies, BenBen Twiston-Davies
Unveiled 18 November 2012. Marks the 60th year of the run of Christie’s play The Mousetrap, the longest in theatrical history, which is staged nearby at St Martin's Theatre. The memorial takes the form of a book as Christie is also the world’s best-selling novelist.[79] Miss Marple, Hercule Poirot, the Orient Express and a country house are depicted in relief on the book’s cover.[80]

Fitzrovia[edit]

See the list of public art in St Marylebone.

Green Park[edit]

Green Park is one of London’s Royal Parks and lies between Hyde Park and St James’s Park. Much of the present landscaping is the result of remodelling by John Nash in the 1820s, and the park had been cleared of its buildings, dating to the time of Queen Caroline, by 1855.[81] Governments have traditionally been reluctant to situate memorials in the Royal Parks, and there were none in Green Park until the installation of the Canada Memorial in 1994.[82] Since then two further war memorials have been added, with the second (dedicated to the memory of RAF Bomber Command) drawing criticism for "the un-greening of this section of Green Park".[83]

Image Title / individual commemorated Type Location Date Artist Architect / Designer Notes Listing
Green park gates on Piccadilly (February 2010) 1.jpg
Gates Gates and piers Piccadilly

51°30′21″N 0°08′41″W / 51.5057°N 0.1446°W / 51.5057; -0.1446 (Gates)

early 18th century
Wrought-iron gates with piers in the Palladian style, originally from a house at Turnham Green belonging to Lord Heathfield. When this was demolished in 1837 they were bought for Chiswick House, but in 1897 they were removed to Devonshire House, which was owned by the same family. This in turn was demolished in 1921, after which the gates were moved to their present site.[84] Grade II*
Diana Fountain Green Park London.jpg
Diana Drinking fountain with sculpture Near the entrance of Green Park tube station

51°30′23″N 0°08′32″W / 51.5063°N 0.1423°W / 51.5063; -0.1423 (Diana)

1951 Estcourt James (Jim) Clack
Unveiled 30 June 1954 on the site of an earlier fountain by Sydney Smirke. The new work was a gift of the Constance Fund, a trust fund set up in accordance with the wishes of the artist Sigismund Goetze to commission sculpture for London’s parks.[85] The fountain was moved to its current, more prominent position in 2011, when some gilding was added.[86]
Leaves motif on Green Park Jubilee line platforms - geograph.org.uk - 614590.jpg
Leaves Tile motif Green Park tube station, Victoria line and Jubilee line platforms 1979 June Fraser
Fraser’s tiling scheme in bright red and green replaced (on the Victoria line platforms)[87] an abstract design of 1969 by Hans Unger, representing a bird’s-eye view of trees in Green Park.[88]
Canada Memorial - war memorial in Green Park, London - Pierre Granche.jpg
Canada Memorial
Category:Canada Memorial, London on Wikimedia Commons
Memorial Green Park

51°30′10″N 0°08′33″W / 51.5029°N 0.1426°W / 51.5029; -0.1426 (Canada Memorial)

1994 Pierre Granche Ove Arup and Partners Unveiled 3 June 1994 by Queen Elizabeth II.[89] A pyramid of Canadian granite bisected by a passageway, forming the shape of an arrow pointing from Halifax, Nova Scotia, whence Canadian soldiers sailed for London in order to fight in both world wars. Inscribed bilingually in English and French.[90]
Memorial Gates, Constitution Hill - geograph.org.uk - 1010664.jpg
Memorial Gates
Category:Memorial Gates, Constitution Hill on Wikimedia Commons
Four stone pillars supporting lamps and, nearby, a chhatri Constitution Hill

51°30′09″N 0°08′57″W / 51.5025°N 0.1491°W / 51.5025; -0.1491 (Memorial Gates)

2002
O’Connor, LiamLiam O’Connor Unveiled 6 November 2002 by Queen Elizabeth II. Inscribed IN MEMORY OF/ THE FIVE MILLION/ VOLUNTEERS FROM/ THE INDIAN/ SUB-CONTINENT/ AFRICA AND/ THE CARIBBEAN/ WHO FOUGHT WITH/ BRITAIN IN THE TWO/ WORLD WARS.[91]
Watering Holes, Green Park, London.JPG
Watering Holes Sculptural Drinking Fountain Green Park

51°30′17″N 0°08′43″W / 51.5047°N 0.1454°W / 51.5047; -0.1454 (Watering Holes)

2012 Titman, MarkMark Titman Robin Monotti Architects One of two winners of an international competition to design "a new, top-quality, low-cost, model drinking fountain",[92] the other being the Trumpet fountain installed in Kensington Gardens.[93]
RAF Bomber Command Memorial, Green Park.JPG
RAF Bomber Command Memorial
Category:RAF Bomber Command Memorial on Wikimedia Commons
Sculptural group inside pavilion Green Park

51°30′12″N 0°08′56″W / 51.5033°N 0.1489°W / 51.5033; -0.1489 (RAF Bomber Command Memorial)

2012 Philip Jackson Liam O’Connor Unveiled 28 June 2012 by Queen Elizabeth II. The memorial is classical in style, but its roof is lined with aluminium from a Halifax bomber, behind a stainless steel lattice inspired by the geodesic fuselage construction of Wellington bombers.[94]

Hyde Park[edit]

Hyde Park, a Royal Park since 1536, covers an area of over 350 acres.[95] Its present landscaping dates largely to the 18th century, when Queen Caroline introduced the Serpentine among other features, and to the 1820s, when Decimus Burton made improvements including the park’s triumphal entrance at Wellington Arch.[96] This was originally crowned with a colossal equestrian statue of the Duke of Wellington, removed later in the 19th century. In the immediate vicinity of the arch, at Hyde Park Corner, there is a high concentration of military memorials.[21]

Image Title / individual commemorated Type Location Date Artist Architect / Designer / Landscape architect Notes Listing
Richard Westmacott - Wellington Monument 1822 - Achilles.jpg
Wellington Monument
Category:Achilles, Hyde Park on Wikimedia Commons

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

Statue Off Park Lane

51°30′16″N 0°09′10″W / 51.5045°N 0.1527°W / 51.5045; -0.1527 (Achilles)

1822 Westmacott, RichardRichard Westmacott
Unveiled 18 June 1822. Wellington is represented symbolically by the hero Achilles, although the head is said to be modelled on the Duke’s.[97] The statue, partly inspired by the classical sculptures of the Dioscuri on the Quirinal Hill in Rome, was cast from captured French cannon.[98] The first public nude statue in London since antiquity.[97] Grade II
Dell Megalith, Hyde Park.jpg
Dell Megalith Former drinking fountain The Dell, Hyde Park

51°30′16″N 0°09′33″W / 51.5044°N 0.1592°W / 51.5044; -0.1592 (Dell Megalith)

1861
John Thomas The remains of a drinking fountain originally formed of several large blocks of granite, possibly quarried at Moorswater, Cornwall. This became defunct in 1887 and only a single stone was still standing by 1900.[99]
Boy and Dolphin (1863) in the rose garden, Hyde Park Corner, London (3794419310).jpg
Boy and Dolphin Fountain with sculpture Rose Garden, South Carriage Drive

51°30′13″N 0°09′17″W / 51.5036°N 0.1546°W / 51.5036; -0.1546 (Boy with Dolphin)

1863 Munro, AlexanderAlexander Munro
Moved in 1962 from Hyde Park to the Broad Walk, Regent’s Park. Returned to Hyde Park in 1994, in a different location from its original setting.[100] Grade II
Conduit Hyde Park.jpg
Conduit House Memorial Urn on pedestal Serpentine Road

51°30′18″N 0°09′34″W / 51.505°N 0.1595°W / 51.505; -0.1595 (Conduit House Memorial)

1871
Marks the site of a conduit house which supplied the precinct of Westminster with water until the spring was cut off by drainage works in 1861. The building was demolished in 1868.[101] Grade II
Byron Statue - geograph.org.uk - 1574255.jpg
Byron, George Gordon Byron, 6th BaronGeorge Gordon Byron, 6th Baron Byron
Category:Statue of Lord Byron, Hyde Park Corner on Wikimedia Commons
Statue Achilles Way traffic island, Park Lane

51°30′15″N 0°09′06″W / 51.5043°N 0.1518°W / 51.5043; -0.1518 (Lord Byron)

1880 Belt, Richard ClaudeRichard Claude Belt
Unveiled 24 May 1880. Inspired by a line from Childe Harold's Pilgrimage (1812–18): "To sit on rocks and muse o’er flood and fell". Byron is depicted with his Newfoundland dog, Bo’sun. The marble pedestal, supplied by the Greek government, was added in 1882.[102] Grade II
Statue of the Duke of Wellington - geograph.org.uk - 397832.jpg
Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington
Category:Statue of the Duke of Wellington, Hyde Park Corner on Wikimedia Commons
Equestrian statue Hyde Park Corner

51°30′10″N 0°09′05″W / 51.5029°N 0.1514°W / 51.5029; -0.1514 (Duke of Wellington)

1888 Boehm, Joseph EdgarJoseph Edgar Boehm Ince, HowardHoward Ince Unveiled 21 December 1888. The pedestal is flanked by four soldiers representing the four nations of the United Kingdom. Alfred Gilbert, an assistant in Boehm’s studio, claimed to have modelled the horse.[103] Grade II
Diana, Rose Garden, Hyde Park.jpg
Diana
Category:Diana Fountain, Hyde Park on Wikimedia Commons
Fountain with sculpture Rose Garden, South Carriage Drive

51°30′14″N 0°09′19″W / 51.5038°N 0.1553°W / 51.5038; -0.1553 (Artemis / Diana)

1899 Gleichen, Lady FeodoraLady Feodora Gleichen
Made for the garden of Sir Walter Palmer’s house Frognal, in Ascot, Berkshire; presented to Hyde Park by Lady Jean Palmer in 1906.[104]
Quadriga, Wellington Arch.jpg
Peace
Category:Quadriga, Wellington Arch on Wikimedia Commons
Quadriga Wellington Arch, Hyde Park Corner

51°30′09″N 0°09′03″W / 51.5025°N 0.1508°W / 51.5025; -0.1508 (Quadriga, Wellington Arch)

1908–12 Jones, AdrianAdrian Jones Burton, DecimusDecimus Burton Unveiled 2 April 1912.[105] Burton originally intended for a quadriga to surmount his arch, but in 1845 an equestrian statue of Wellington was installed in its place. This was removed to Aldershot when the arch’s orientation was changed in 1883. Edward VII commissioned the present group, but did not live to see its completion.[106] Grade I (with arch)
Cavalry Memorial, Hyde Park.jpg
Memorial to the Cavalry of the Empire
Category:Cavalry of the Empire Memorial on Wikimedia Commons
Equestrian sculpture with stone screen Serpentine Road

51°30′17″N 0°09′19″W / 51.5047°N 0.1553°W / 51.5047; -0.1553 (Cavalry Memorial)

1924 Jones, AdrianAdrian Jones Sir Burnet, John JamesJohn James Burnet Unveiled 21 May 1924[107] at Stanhope Gate; moved in 1961 for the widening of Park Lane.[97] The armour was based on that of the fifteenth-century effigy of the Earl of Warwick at St Mary’s, Warwick, the horse’s furniture on that found in Dürer’s engraving of Saint George.[107] Grade II
Hyde Park Corner, The Machine Gun Corps Memorial.jpg
Machine Gun Corps Memorial (David)
Category:Machine Gun Corps Memorial on Wikimedia Commons
Memorial with sculpture Hyde Park Corner

51°30′12″N 0°09′03″W / 51.5032°N 0.1508°W / 51.5032; -0.1508 (Machine Gun Corps Memorial)

1925 Wood, Francis DerwentFrancis Derwent Wood
Unveiled 10 May 1925 by the Duke of Connaught. Re-erected on current location in 1962. The second bronze model for the figure stood in Chelsea Embankment Gardens from 1963 until it was stolen in the 1970s; it has been replaced by a replica.[108] Grade II*
Rima, the Hudson memorial.jpg
Memorial to William Henry Hudson Stone screen with relief sculpture West Carriage Drive

51°30′30″N 0°10′08″W / 51.5082°N 0.169°W / 51.5082; -0.169 (Rima (W. H. Hudson Memorial))

1925 Epstein, JacobJacob Epstein Gill, EricEric Gill (lettering) Unveiled 19 May 1925 by Stanley Baldwin.[109] Located near the Bird Sanctuary erected in Hudson’s memory, the memorial depicts the bird-spirit Rima, a character from his novel Green Mansions (1904). A controversial early work by Epstein which was dubbed "the Hyde Park Atrocity" by its detractors.[110] Grade II
Royal Artillery Monument corner view.jpg
Royal Artillery Memorial
Category:Royal Artillery Memorial on Wikimedia Commons
Memorial with sculpture Hyde Park Corner

51°30′09″N 0°09′07″W / 51.5025°N 0.1519°W / 51.5025; -0.1519 (Royal Artillery Memorial)

1925 Jagger, Charles SargeantCharles Sargeant Jagger Pearson, LionelLionel Pearson Unveiled 18 October 1925 by the Duke of Connaught. The regiment demanded a "realistic" memorial and got one, crowned with a howitzer rendered in stone. The figure of a dead soldier shrouded in a greatcoat was still, however, found to be unsettling.[111] Grade I
George Lansbury memorial plaque, Hyde Park Lido.JPG
Memorial to George Lansbury Plaque Hyde Park Lido Pavilion

51°30′17″N 0°10′10″W / 51.5046°N 0.1694°W / 51.5046; -0.1694 (George Lansbury Memorial)

1953 Parker, H. WilsonH. Wilson Parker
Lansbury established the Hyde Park Lido in 1930.[95] The plaque in his honour was installed as part of the post-War reconstruction of the Lido Pavilion.[112]
Mosaic in the Subway beneath the A40 Bayswater Road - geograph.org.uk - 627428.jpg
Mosaics Mosaics Marble Arch pedestrian subway

51°30′46″N 0°09′35″W / 51.5129°N 0.1598°W / 51.5129; -0.1598 (Mosaics)

1962 Mitchell, WilliamWilliam Mitchell
Mitchell was chosen for this commission by the architect Sir Frederick Gibberd, with whom he had collaborated previously. The murals use a combination of traditional and experimental mosaic techniques. Another set of mosaics which was part of the same redevelopment scheme, at Hyde Park Corner, has been removed.[113]
Frothy fountain in Hyde Park - geograph.org.uk - 674847.jpg
Four Winds Fountain Fountain with sculptural group Hyde Park, near Park Lane

51°30′29″N 0°09′25″W / 51.508°N 0.157°W / 51.508; -0.157 (Joy of Life / Four Winds Fountain)

1963 Huxley-Jones, Thomas BaylissThomas Bayliss Huxley-Jones
Unveiled 25 June 1963; the site was formerly occupied by Munro’s Boy and Dolphin (see above). Originally titled Joy of Life, this was the last commission of the Constance Fund. The fountain basins were redesigned and the work’s name changed in 2000–1.[114]
Little Nell, Hyde Park.JPG
Little Nell Fountain with sculpture Patte d’oie north of east end of Serpentine, Serpentine Road[115]

51°30′19″N 0°09′19″W / 51.5054°N 0.1554°W / 51.5054; -0.1554 ("Little Nell")

1975 (after an original of 1896) after William Robert Colton
A replica in artificial stone of a lost Art Nouveau original, described as depicting a "winged child with fish".[99] The name "Little Nell" has apparently only been attached to the work more recently;[116] it has also been referred to variously as the "Colton Memorial" and the "Mermaid Fountain".[117]
Norwegian memorial Stone, Hyde Park - geograph.org.uk - 1022632.jpg
Norwegian War Memorial
Category:Norwegian War Memorial, London on Wikimedia Commons
Commemorative stone mounted on three smaller stones Hyde Park, west of Ranger’s Lodge

51°30′23″N 0°10′05″W / 51.5064°N 0.1681°W / 51.5064; -0.1681 (Norwegian War Memorial)

1978
Inscribed THIS STONE WAS ERECTED BY THE ROYAL NORWEGIAN NAVY/ AND THE NORWEGIAN MERCHANT FLEET IN THE YEAR 1978/ WE THANK THE BRITISH PEOPLE FOR FRIENDSHIP/ AND HOSPITALITY DURING THE SECOND WORLD WAR/ YOU GAVE US A SAFE HAVEN IN OUR COMMON STRUGGLE/ FOR FREEDOM AND PEACE.[118]
Holocaust Memorial Garden, Hyde Park - geograph.org.uk - 746134.jpg
Holocaust Memorial
Category:Holocaust Memorial, London on Wikimedia Commons
Commemorative stones Hyde Park, east of the Dell

51°30′15″N 0°09′32″W / 51.5043°N 0.1589°W / 51.5043; -0.1589 (Holocaust Memorial)

1983 Badger, MarkMark Badger Richard Seifert; Derek Lovejoy and Partners Unveiled 28 June 1983; the first public memorial in Britain to victims of the Holocaust.[119] The largest boulder bears an inscription from Lamentations (3:48) in Hebrew and English: FOR THESE I WEEP/ STREAMS OF TEARS FLOW/ FROM MY EYES/ BECAUSE OF THE DESTRUCTION/ OF MY PEOPLE.
Household Cavalry Memorial.jpg
Household Cavalry Memorial Raised slate floor plaque in hedge enclosure South Carriage Drive

51°30′11″N 0°09′21″W / 51.5031°N 0.1559°W / 51.5031; -0.1559 (Household Cavalry Memorial)

1985
Commemorates the four soldiers of the Blues and Royals regiment who were killed in the IRA bombing of 20 July 1982 near this spot.[99] The horses killed by the bomb are commemorated by a water trough, which was moved from the Victoria Embankment to Hyde Park in 1985 to serve as a memorial.[120]
Memorial to Queen Caroline by her Serpentine - geograph.org.uk - 313096.jpg
Memorial to Queen Caroline of Ansbach
Category:Queen Caroline Memorial, Hyde Park on Wikimedia Commons
Urn on pedestal Hyde Park, west of the Dell, overlooking the Serpentine

51°30′15″N 0°09′37″W / 51.5041°N 0.1602°W / 51.5041; -0.1602 (Queen Caroline Memorial)

1990
Inscribed To the memory of/ QUEEN CAROLINE/ wife of George II/ for whom/ the Long Water/ and Serpentine/ were created/ between/ 1727–1731
Queen Elizabeth Gate, Hyde Park in March 2011.jpg
Queen Elizabeth Gate

Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother

Gates Hyde Park

51°30′15″N 0°09′08″W / 51.5041°N 0.1523°W / 51.5041; -0.1523 (Queen Elizabeth Gate)

1993 Wynne, DavidDavid Wynne Lund, GiuseppeGiuseppe Lund Unveiled 6 July 1993 by Queen Elizabeth II.[121]
Hyde Park Corner pedestrian subway.jpg
Tile murals
Category:Hyde Park Corner underpass on Wikimedia Commons
Tile murals Hyde Park Corner pedestrian subway 1995 FreeForm Arts Trust
900 m² of murals depicting the history of the area, painted by a team of six artists led by Alan Rossiter.[122]
Stone tree Hyde Park.jpg
Reformers’ Tree

The Reform League

Mosaic Hyde Park

51°30′33″N 0°09′41″W / 51.5091°N 0.1613°W / 51.5091; -0.1613 (Reformers’ Tree)

2001 Gray, HarryHarry Gray Flint, RozRoz Flint Depicts a tree near this site which burnt down during the Reform League Riots in 1866, the stump of which became a notice board for political demonstrations.[97]
Australia war memorial, London (detail).JPG
Australian War Memorial
Category:Australian War Memorial, London on Wikimedia Commons
Stone screen Hyde Park Corner

51°30′08″N 0°09′05″W / 51.5021°N 0.1515°W / 51.5021; -0.1515 (Australian War Memorial)

2003 Laurence, JanetJanet Laurence Tonkin Zulaikha Greer Architects A curving granite wall inscribed with the names of 24,000 Australian towns and villages and of battles in both World Wars. Water runs down parts of the wall and slabs up against it bear the country’s coat of arms and military badges.[123]
Diana, Princess of Wales Memorial Fountain.JPG
Diana, Princess of Wales Memorial Fountain
Category:Diana, Princess of Wales Memorial Fountain on Wikimedia Commons

Diana, Princess of Wales

Fountain Hyde Park, near West Carriage Drive and Rotten Row

51°30′17″N 0°10′17″W / 51.5046°N 0.1715°W / 51.5046; -0.1715 (Diana, Princess of Wales Memorial Fountain)

2004
Gustafson, KathrynKathryn Gustafson Unveiled 6 July 2004 by Queen Elizabeth II.[124] A low, granite oval, 210 metres in circumference, with water coursing along it.[97] The fountain was plagued by blockages and injuries and had to be closed off twice for repairs in its first two years.[124]
Animals in War west.jpg
Animals in War Memorial
Category:Animals in War Memorial on Wikimedia Commons
Stone screens with sculptures Park Lane

51°30′40″N 0°09′26″W / 51.5111°N 0.1572°W / 51.5111; -0.1572 (Animals in War Memorial)

2004 Backhouse, DavidDavid Backhouse
Unveiled 24 November 2004 by Princess Anne. Two heavily laden mules are shown trudging towards an opening between two swelling Portland stone screens; beyond lies a grass mound with a cavorting horse and dog.[125]
New Zealand War Memorial.jpg
New Zealand War Memorial
Category:New Zealand War Memorial, Hyde Park Corner on Wikimedia Commons
Stelae Hyde Park Corner

51°30′11″N 0°09′01″W / 51.5031°N 0.1504°W / 51.5031; -0.1504 (New Zealand War Memorial)

2006 Dibble, PaulPaul Dibble Hardwick-Smith, JohnJohn Hardwick-Smith Unveiled 11 November 2006 by Queen Elizabeth II. Consists of 16 bronze X beams (or "standards"), six of which are arranged in the shape of the Southern Cross constellation.[126]
7th July Memorial.jpg
7 July Memorial
Category:7 July Memorial, London on Wikimedia Commons
Stelae Hyde Park, near Park Lane

51°30′21″N 0°09′10″W / 51.5059°N 0.1528°W / 51.5059; -0.1528 (7 July Memorial)

2009
Carmody Groarke Architects et al. Unveiled 7 July 2009 by the Prince of Wales and Duchess of Cornwall, on the fourth anniversary of the terrorist bombings. The 52 victims are commemorated by stainless steel stelae.[127]
Sculpture of Isis in Hyde Park in the City of Westminster, London in spring 2013 (2).JPG
Isis
Category:Isis sculpture (Hyde Park) on Wikimedia Commons
Sculpture Hyde Park, near West Carriage Drive, overlooking the Serpentine

51°30′19″N 0°10′18″W / 51.5052°N 0.1716°W / 51.5052; -0.1716 (Isis)

2009 Gudgeon, SimonSimon Gudgeon
Unveiled 7 September 2009. 1,000 plaques around the base were sold to donors for personalised inscriptions at £1,000 each,[128] as a way of funding the park’s Isis Education Centre for introducing young people to the study of nature. Donated to the park by the Halcyon Gallery.[129]
Freeman Family Drinking Fountain in London, spring 2013 (3).JPG
Freeman Family Drinking Fountain
Category:Freeman Family Drinking Fountain on Wikimedia Commons
Drinking fountain North Carriage Drive, near Marble Arch

51°30′43″N 0°09′45″W / 51.512°N 0.1625°W / 51.512; -0.1625 (Freeman Family Drinking Fountain)

2009 Harber, DavidDavid Harber
Unveiled 23 September 2009.[130] A stainless steel sphere decorated with petals of oxidised bronze.[131] Donated to the park by Michael Freeman, a property developer and trustee of the Royal Parks Foundation, and his wife.[132]
Still Water sculpture, Marble Arch, London.jpg
Still Water
Category:Still Water sculpture on Wikimedia Commons
Sculpture Marble Arch

51°30′46″N 0°09′35″W / 51.5129°N 0.1596°W / 51.5129; -0.1596 (Freeman Family Drinking Fountain)

2010 Fiddian-Green, NicNic Fiddian-Green
Unveiled 14 September 2010. The largest freestanding bronze sculpture in London at 33 ft high. Replaces a previous version temporarily installed on this site; commissioned by Sir Anthony Bamford and his wife, it is now on their estate in Daylesford, Gloucestershire.[133]

Kensington[edit]

Part of Kensington lies outside the City of Westminster; for works not listed here see the List of public art in Kensington and Chelsea.

Kensington is an area of west and central London; only some parts of Kensington Gardens and South Kensington fall within the boundary of Westminster. When the contemporary sculptor Anish Kapoor held an exhibition of his work in Kensington Gardens in 2010 he remarked that the gardens are "the best site in London for a piece of art, probably in the world".[134]

Image Title / individual commemorated Type Location Date Artist Architect / Designer Notes Listing
Gates, Kensington Gardens, London SW1 - geograph.org.uk - 1129082.jpg
Coalbrookdale Gates Gates, cast iron South Carriage Drive

51°30′08″N 0°10′29″W / 51.5022°N 0.1748°W / 51.5022; -0.1748 (Coalbrookdale Gates)

1851 Bell, JohnJohn Bell Crookes, CharlesCharles Crookes Made in Coalbrookdale for the Great Exhibition of 1851. Installed at the entrance to Lancaster Walk in 1852 and moved to their present location in 1871, during construction of the Albert Memorial.[135] Grade II
Queen's Gate, a major southern gate of Kensington Gardens, London spring 2013 (12).JPG
Queen's Gate Gates and piers, cast iron Queen’s Gate

51°30′06″N 0°10′49″W / 51.5016°N 0.1804°W / 51.5016; -0.1804 (Queen’s Gate)

1858
[136] Grade II*
Statue of Edward Jenner - geograph.org.uk - 1452436.jpg
Jenner, EdwardEdward Jenner
Category:Statue of Edward Jenner, Kensington Gardens on Wikimedia Commons
Statue Italian Gardens, Kensington Gardens

51°30′38″N 0°10′31″W / 51.5106°N 0.1752°W / 51.5106; -0.1752 (Edward Jenner)

1858 Marshall, William CalderWilliam Calder Marshall Sir James Pennethorne Unveiled by Prince Albert in Trafalgar Square in 1858. After pressure from anti-vaccinationists the statue was moved in 1862 to the Italian Gardens at Kensington,[137] which were conceived by Albert and laid out by Pennethorne. The rest of the sculpture in the ensemble is by John Thomas.[138] Grade II
Memorial to the Great Exhibition in the Kensington Gore, London 2013 (9).JPG
Memorial to the Great Exhibition
Category:Memorial to the Great Exhibition on Wikimedia Commons
Statue with other sculpture Kensington Gore

51°30′01″N 0°10′38″W / 51.5004°N 0.1773°W / 51.5004; -0.1773 (Memorial to the Great Exhibition)

1863 Durham, JosephJoseph Durham Smirke, SydneySydney Smirke Erected in June 1863 in the gardens of the Royal Horticultural Society in South Kensington. Moved to its present site in the early 1890s.[139] Another cast of the statue of Prince Albert is in Saint Peter Port, Guernsey.[140] Grade II
Speke’s Monument in the Kensington Gardens, London 2013 (4).JPG
Speke’s Monument
Category:Speke's Monument (Kensington Gardens) on Wikimedia Commons
John Hanning Speke
Obelisk Junction of Lancaster Walk and Budges Walk, Kensington Gardens

51°30′32″N 0°10′45″W / 51.509°N 0.1792°W / 51.509; -0.1792 (Speke Monument)

1864
Hardwick, PhilipPhilip Hardwick A red granite obelisk, an appropriate form of commemoration for an explorer so associated with the River Nile. The pedestal inscribed IN MEMORY OF/ SPEKE/ VICTORIA[,] NYANZA/ AND THE NILE/ 1864. The phrasing avoids crediting Speke with the discovery of the Nile’s source, as this was a contentious point.[141] Grade II
Albert Memorial Friese Collage - May 2008-edit1.jpg
Frieze of Parnassus Relief sculpture Podium of the Albert Memorial 1864–72 Armstead, Henry HughHenry Hugh Armstead and John Birnie Philip Sir George Gilbert Scott Depicts 169 individual architects, composers, painters, poets, and sculptors from history.[142] Grade I
Elephant sculpture London.jpg
Asia Sculptural group Albert Memorial

51°30′08″N 0°10′39″W / 51.5022°N 0.1774°W / 51.5022; -0.1774 (Asia)

1865–71 Foley, John HenryJohn Henry Foley Sir George Gilbert Scott A personification of the continent, seated on an Indian elephant, removes a veil to reveal herself. Flanking her are an Indian soldier, a Persian poet, a Chinese potter and a Turkish merchant.[143] Grade I
Albert Memorial statue.JPG
Africa Sculptural group Albert Memorial

51°30′09″N 0°10′39″W / 51.5026°N 0.1775°W / 51.5026; -0.1775 (Africa)

1865–71 Theed, WilliamWilliam Theed Sir George Gilbert Scott A figure in Egyptian costume, representing the continent, rests on a camel. Beside her are an Arabian merchant, a figure sometimes identified as a Nubian, a female European and a tribesman.[144] Grade I
Albert Memorial - Americas Group.jpg
America Sculptural group Albert Memorial

51°30′09″N 0°10′41″W / 51.5025°N 0.178°W / 51.5025; -0.178 (America)

1865–71 Bell, JohnJohn Bell Sir George Gilbert Scott The personification of America rides a bison charging forward, guided by the sceptre of the United States, identified by her starry sash. The other figures represent Canada, Mexico and South America.[145] Grade I
Europe group (Albert Memorial).jpg
Europe Sculptural group Albert Memorial

51°30′08″N 0°10′41″W / 51.5022°N 0.178°W / 51.5022; -0.178 (Europe)

1865–71 MacDowell, PatrickPatrick MacDowell Sir George Gilbert Scott Europa, seated on a bull, carries an orb and sceptre signifying her continent's imperial dominance in the nineteenth century. Around her sit Britannia with a trident, France with a sword and laurel wreath, Germany with an open book and Italy with a lyre and palette.[146] Grade I
Agriculture group (Albert Memorial).jpg
Agriculture Sculptural group Albert Memorial 1865–71 Marshall, William CalderWilliam Calder Marshall Sir George Gilbert Scott A husbandman, flanked on either side by figures representing livestock farming (a shepherd boy with a lamb and an ewe) and cereal production, looks up to a female personification of Agriculture.[147] Grade I
Commerce group (Albert Memorial).jpg
Commerce Sculptural group Albert Memorial 1865–71 Thornycroft, ThomasThomas Thornycroft Sir George Gilbert Scott The group consists of Commerce, bearing a cornucopia, a young merchant in "Anglo-Saxon" dress (said to be modelled on the sculptor′s son Hamo), an Eastern merchant and a rustic with a sack of corn.[148] Grade I
Engineering group (Albert Memorial).jpg
Engineering Sculptural group Albert Memorial 1865–71 Lawlor, JohnJohn Lawlor Sir George Gilbert Scott The presiding genius of engineering directs three workers: an engineer with plan in hand, a mechanical engineer with a cogwheel, and a navvy. The two bridges over the Menai Strait are represented at the back of the group.[149] Grade I
Manufactures group (Albert Memorial).jpg
Manufactures Sculptural group Albert Memorial 1865–71 Weekes, HenryHenry Weekes Sir George Gilbert Scott A female personification of manufactures, accompanied by a blacksmith, looks down on two child labourers, one a factory girl and the other a young potter, representing art manufactures.[150] Grade I
Mosaics (western side) at Albert Memorial in London, spring 2013 (7).JPG
Mosaics
Category:Mosaics on the Albert Memorial on Wikimedia Commons
Mosaics Tympana, spandrels and vault of the canopy, Albert Memorial 1866–8 Clayton, John RichardJohn Richard Clayton with Salviati and Co. Sir George Gilbert Scott The enthroned female figures in the tympana are identified by their inscriptions as Pictura, Poesis, Sculptura and Architectura; the last displays the design of the Albert Memorial itself.[151] Grade I
Virtues of the Albert Memorial in London, spring 2013.JPG
Virtues Statues Flèche of the Albert Memorial 1867–70 Redfern, JamesJames Redfern Sir George Gilbert Scott Personifications of the seven virtues along with an eighth, Humanity. Redfern's plaster models were electroformed in copper by Francis Skidmore’s ironworking firm in Coventry. The resulting figures were gilded after being mounted on the memorial.[152][153] Grade I
The Albert Memorial, Kensington - geograph.org.uk - 1462613.jpg
Sciences Statues Corners of the Albert Memorial 1868c. 1868 Armstead, Henry HughHenry Hugh Armstead and John Birnie Philip Sir George Gilbert Scott In niches on a level with the spandrels are Armstead’s Rhetoric and Medicine and Philip’s Philosophy and Physiology. Below them, standing on column shafts, are Philip’s Geometry and Geology and Armstead’s Astronomy and Chemistry.[154] Grade I
Prince Albert Statue, Albert Memorial, London.jpg
Albert, Prince Consort
Category:Statue of Prince Albert, Albert Memorial on Wikimedia Commons
Statue Albert Memorial

51°30′09″N 0°10′39″W / 51.5026°N 0.1775°W / 51.5026; -0.1775 (Prince Albert)

1871–76 Foley, John HenryJohn Henry Foley and Sir Thomas Brock Sir George Gilbert Scott Foley was given the commission in 1868 after the death of Carlo Marochetti. Working in the open on the model gave Foley the sickness which ultimately killed him in 1874, and the work was completed by his pupil Brock.[142] Grade I
Queen's Gate, Kensington.jpg
Napier of Magdala, Robert Napier, 1st BaronRobert Napier, 1st Baron Napier of Magdala Equestrian statue Queen’s Gate

51°30′05″N 0°10′49″W / 51.5013°N 0.1803°W / 51.5013; -0.1803 (Lord Napier of Magdala)

1891 Sir Joseph Edgar Boehm
Originally stood in Waterloo Place; moved to its current site in 1921. A replica of the statue to Napier in Kolkata. The boundary line with Kensington and Chelsea bisects the length of this statue.[155] In 2004 the artist Eleonora Aguiari wrapped the statue in bright red tape as a comment on Britain’s imperialist past.[156] Grade II
Equestrian statue called Physical Energy in Hyde Park in the City of Westminster, London in spring 2013 (6).JPG
Physical Energy
Category:Physical Energy sculpture on Wikimedia Commons
Equestrian statue Junction of Lancaster Walk and several other walkways, Kensington Gardens

51°30′24″N 0°10′42″W / 51.5068°N 0.1783°W / 51.5068; -0.1783 (Physical Energy)

1907 (installed) Watts, George FredericGeorge Frederic Watts
Installed 24 September 1907. Developed by Watts from his equestrian bronze Hugh Lupus (1870–84) for the Duke of Westminster. Gifted to the nation on Watts’s death in 1904, though the cast had not yet been made from the gesso model (now in the Watts Gallery). An earlier bronze cast was incorporated into the Rhodes Memorial (1906–12) in Cape Town, South Africa.[157] Grade II
Peter Pan monument.jpg
Peter Pan
Category:Peter Pan statue in Kensington Gardens on Wikimedia Commons
Statue West of the Long Water, Kensington Gardens

51°30′31″N 0°10′34″W / 51.5086°N 0.176°W / 51.5086; -0.176 (Peter Pan)

1912 Sir George Frampton
Unveiled in secret on May Day 1912. The character’s creator, J. M. Barrie, commissioned the sculpture and chose the site, which is Peter’s landing point in the book Peter Pan in Kensington Gardens. Questions were raised in Parliament about the propriety of an author promoting his work in this way.[135][158] Grade II*
Esme Percy Memorial, Kensington Gardens.JPG
Memorial to Esme Percy Drinking fountain with sculpture Palace Gate

51°30′07″N 0°11′02″W / 51.502°N 0.1839°W / 51.502; -0.1839 (Esme Percy Memorial)

1961 Gilley, SilviaSilvia Gilley
A small bronze figure of a terrier on a platform rising from the centre of a shallow circular pool.[159]
Two Bears Drinking fountain, Kensington Gardens, London.jpg
Two Bears Drinking fountain with sculpture Junction of North Flower Walk and Budges Walk, near the Italian Gardens, Kensington Gardens

51°30′40″N 0°10′35″W / 51.511°N 0.1763°W / 51.511; -0.1763 (Two Bears fountain)

1970
Statue of two embracing bears originally placed in 1939 to commemorate 80 years of the Metropolitan Drinking Fountain and Cattle Trough Association. The original was stolen but was replaced with a copy in 1970.[160]
St Govor's Well, Kensington Gardens.JPG
St Govor’s Well Drinking fountain Off the Broad Walk, Kensington Gardens

51°30′12″N 0°11′04″W / 51.5034°N 0.1844°W / 51.5034; -0.1844 (St Govor’s Well)

1976
Inscribed: This drinking fountain marks the site of an ancient spring, which in 1856 was named St Govor’s Well by the First Commissioner of Works, later to become Lord Llanover. Saint Govor, a sixth century hermit, was the patron saint of a church in Llanover which had eight wells in its churchyard.[161]
The Arch by Henry Moore, Kensington Gardens.JPG
The Arch
Category:The Arch (Henry Moore, London) on Wikimedia Commons
Sculpture North bank of the Long Water, Kensington Gardens

51°30′27″N 0°10′24″W / 51.5076°N 0.1732°W / 51.5076; -0.1732 (The Arch)

1979–80 Moore, HenryHenry Moore
Presented by Moore to the nation for installation in Kensington Gardens in 1980, two years after his eightieth birthday exhibition in the nearby Serpentine Gallery. Dismantled in 1996 due to structural instability and re-erected in 2012.[162]
Diana Memorial outside the Serpentine Gallery.JPG
Memorial to Diana, Princess of Wales Floor plaque, tree plaque and eight stone benches Forecourt of the Serpentine Gallery, Kensington Gardens

51°30′16″N 0°10′31″W / 51.5045°N 0.1752°W / 51.5045; -0.1752 (Memorial to Diana, Princess of Wales)

1997 Finlay, Ian HamiltonIan Hamilton Finlay Coates, PeterPeter Coates and Andrew Whittle (lettering) Pastoral poetry is inscribed on each element of the work. The plaque at the entrance of the gallery is inscribed with the names of trees found at Kensington Gardens a quotation from the eighteenth-century philosopher Francis Hutcheson.[163] Diana was a patron of the Serpentine Gallery.[164]
Albert Hall (4).jpg
Mosaic Mosaic Royal Albert Hall, South Porch

51°30′02″N 0°10′38″W / 51.5005°N 0.1773°W / 51.5005; -0.1773 (Mosaic)

2003 Wakely, ShelaghShelagh Wakely Building Design Partnership (new South Porch)[165] A 60,000-piece mosaic inspired by chaos theory.[166]
Royal Geographical Society building in London.jpeg
Balustrade Glass balustrade Royal Geographical Society, Exhibition Road

51°30′04″N 0°10′29″W / 51.5011°N 0.1747°W / 51.5011; -0.1747 (Glass balustrade)

2004 Long, EleanorEleanor Long Downie, CraigCraig Downie[167] Images of contours, maps and landscapes are etched into the glass panels.[168]
Velocity Wave, Imperial College Sports Centre.JPG
Velocity Wave[168] Glass balustrade Imperial College Sports Centre, Prince’s Gardens

51°30′00″N 0°10′24″W / 51.5°N 0.1734°W / 51.5; -0.1734 (Velocity Wave)

2004–6 Kaufman, PatPat Kaufman Arup Associates The artist consulted scientists at Imperial College researching into the velocity wave patterns of different sporting activities. These patterns were etched into the glass panes at the entrance ramps and stairs to the sports centre, and infilled with resin and gold leaf. The balustrade is lit at night by white LED lights.[169]
Trumpet drinking fountain, Kensington Gardens.JPG
Trumpet (or the Tiffany Drinking Fountain) Drinking fountain Junction of the Broad Walk and Mount Walk, Kensington Gardens

51°30′17″N 0°11′07″W / 51.5046°N 0.1853°W / 51.5046; -0.1853 (Trumpet / Tiffany Drinking Fountain)

2012
Addy, BenBen Addy (of Moxon Architects) The winner, alongside Watering Holes in Green Park, of a RIBA-judged design competition; it was commended for its "formal clarity and elegance".[170] Of the two designs this was thought to be the more "design-led" and Watering Holes the more "art-led".[171]

Royal Albert Hall frieze[edit]

Detail of the frieze

The exterior of the Royal Albert Hall (built in 1867–71 to the designs of Francis Fowke and Henry Young Darracott Scott) is embellished with a mosaic frieze composed of sixteen separate designs by multiple artists. This was assembled from 800 slabs prepared by attendees of the South Kensington Museum’s mosaic class; the terracotta was manufactured by Minton, Hollins and Company. The designs are listed below in anti-clockwise order from the north.[172]

# Subject Artist Listing
1 Various Countries of the World bringing in their Offerings
to the Exhibition of 1851
Sir Edward John Poynter, 1st Baronet Grade I
2 Music Pickersgill, Frederick RichardFrederick Richard Pickersgill
3 Sculpture Pickersgill, Frederick RichardFrederick Richard Pickersgill
4 Painting Pickersgill, Frederick RichardFrederick Richard Pickersgill
5 Princes, Art Patrons and Artists Armitage, EdwardEdward Armitage
6 Workers in Stone Yeames, William FrederickWilliam Frederick Yeames
7 Workers in Wood and Brick Yeames, William FrederickWilliam Frederick Yeames
8 Architecture Yeames, William FrederickWilliam Frederick Yeames
9 The Infancy of the Arts and Sciences Pickersgill, Frederick RichardFrederick Richard Pickersgill
10 Agriculture Marks, Henry StacyHenry Stacy Marks
11 Horticulture and Land Surveying Marks, Henry StacyHenry Stacy Marks
12 Astronomy and Navigation Marks, Henry StacyHenry Stacy Marks
13 A Group of Philosophers, Sages and Students Armitage, EdwardEdward Armitage
14 Engineering Horsley, John CallcottJohn Callcott Horsley
15 The Mechanical Powers Armstead, Henry HughHenry Hugh Armstead
16 Pottery and Glassmaking Pickersgill, Frederick RichardFrederick Richard Pickersgill

Knightsbridge[edit]

Part of Knightsbridge lies outside the City of Westminster; for works not listed here see the List of public art in Kensington and Chelsea.

Knightsbridge lies to the south of Hyde Park and on the road to Kensington. Beginning in the 1840s, with Thomas Cubitt’s development of Albert Gate, the area changed from a hamlet into a fashionable suburb.[173]

Image Title / individual commemorated Type Location Date Artist Architect Notes Listing
Stag, Albert Gate SW1.jpg
Stags Statues on gateposts Albert Gate

51°30′09″N 0°09′31″W / 51.5026°N 0.1585°W / 51.5026; -0.1585 (Stags)

before 1839 Peter Turnerelli after Francesco Bartolozzi Thomas Cubitt Formerly stood at the Piccadilly entrance to the Deputy Ranger’s Lodge in Green Park; Cubitt acquired the stags prior to the building’s demolition. The gates and stone piers are twentieth-century replacements for Cubitt’s originals of 1844–5.[174] Grade II
Fountain St Georges Hospital.jpg
Drinking fountain Drinking fountain Outside The Lanesborough

51°30′08″N 0°09′09″W / 51.5021°N 0.1525°W / 51.5021; -0.1525 (Drinking fountain)

1860
One of the earliest gifts of the Metropolitan Drinking Fountain Association; the hotel building behind was originally St George’s Hospital, which was felt to be a particularly appropriate location for a drinking fountain.[175] Grade II* (with old hospital building)
Edinburgh Gate, Hyde Park, London 02.jpg
The Rush of Green or The Bowater House Group Sculptural group Edinburgh Gate

51°30′09″N 0°09′41″W / 51.5026°N 0.1615°W / 51.5026; -0.1615 (Rush of Green)

1959 Sir Jacob Epstein
Unveiled April 1961. A mother, father, child and dog, driven by the sound of Pan’s pipes, rush towards Hyde Park. Epstein was adding the finishing touches to the group on the night he died.[176]
Hyde Park gate by Wendy Ramshaw.JPG
Hyde Park Gates Gates Edinburgh Gate

51°30′08″N 0°09′44″W / 51.5023°N 0.1622°W / 51.5023; -0.1622 (Hyde Park Gates)
51°30′08″N 0°09′38″W / 51.5023°N 0.1605°W / 51.5023; -0.1605 (Hyde Park Gates)

2010 Wendy Ramshaw
Commissioned from the artist and jeweller as part of the One Hyde Park residential development.[177]
Search for Enlightenment, One Hyde Park.JPG
Search for Enlightenment Sculptures One Hyde Park

51°30′09″N 0°09′41″W / 51.5024°N 0.1614°W / 51.5024; -0.1614 (Search for Enlightenment)

2011 Simon Gudgeon
Unveiled 19 January 2012 to mark the first anniversary of One Hyde Park.[178] The developers, Candy & Candy, had previously installed a cast of the work at Riverside Walk Gardens in 2011 (q.v.).

Lisson Grove[edit]

See the list of public art in St Marylebone.

Maida Vale[edit]

See the list of public art in Paddington.

Marylebone[edit]

See the list of public art in St Marylebone.

Mayfair[edit]

Mayfair is a residential and commercial area dominated by terraces of town houses.[179] In Grosvenor Square there are several memorials with an American theme, including a memorial garden commemorating the September 11 attacks, due to the presence on that square of the US Embassy.[180] At the southern end of the district, the courtyard of Burlington House (home of the Royal Academy) on Piccadilly is frequently used as a temporary exhibition space for artworks.[181]

Image Title / individual commemorated Type Location Date Artist Architect / Designer Notes Listing
Statue of Pitt the Younger, Hanover Square W1.JPG
Pitt the Younger, WilliamWilliam Pitt the Younger Statue Hanover Square

51°30′49″N 0°08′37″W / 51.5136°N 0.1437°W / 51.5136; -0.1437 (Pitt the Younger)

1831 Sir Chantrey, FrancisFrancis Chantrey
Unveiled 22 August 1831; there was an attempt by reformist opponents of Pitt to pull the statue down on the morning of the unveiling. Concerns for the work’s security might have been the reason for the unusually tall plinth.[182] Grade II
Statue in Berkeley Square - geograph.org.uk - 1203080.jpg
Fountain Nymph Fountain with sculpture Berkeley Square

51°30′33″N 0°08′43″W / 51.5091°N 0.1453°W / 51.5091; -0.1453 (Fountain Nymph)

1867 Munro, AlexanderAlexander Munro
The pedestal inscribed THE GIFT/ OF/ HENRY 3RD MARQUIS OF LANSDOWNE. This Fountain Nymph was Munro’s second treatment of the theme after that for the memorial to Herbert Ingram in Boston, Lincolnshire (1862–3). He also produced a smaller marble version of the Berkeley Square Nymph, which was installed in a public garden in Oxford in around 1970.[183] Grade II
Appealing sculpture in Mount Street Gardens - geograph.org.uk - 1089990.jpg
Drinking fountain Fountain with sculpture Mount Street Gardens

51°30′35″N 0°08′57″W / 51.5097°N 0.1493°W / 51.5097; -0.1493 (Drinking fountain)

1892
Sir George, ErnestErnest George Inscribed THIS FOUNTAIN WAS ERECTED BY HENRY LOFTS IN/ RECOGNITION OF MANY HAPPY YEARS IN MOUNT STREET/ SIR ERNEST GEORGE. RA FECIT 1892. Lofts was an estate agent, and George an architect, to the Grosvenor estate. Lofts’s office was in Mount Street, which was partly rebuilt by his firm with George as architect.[184] Grade II
Statue of Sir Joshua Reynolds at the Royal Academy.jpg
Sir Joshua Reynolds
Category:Statue of Joshua Reynolds, Burlington House on Wikimedia Commons
Statue Burlington House

51°30′32″N 0°08′22″W / 51.5089°N 0.1394°W / 51.5089; -0.1394 (Joshua Reynolds)

1931 Sir Drury, AlfredAlfred Drury Sir Scott, Giles GilbertGiles Gilbert Scott Unveiled 12 December 1931.[185] Drury was awarded the commission in 1917, but was too preoccupied with war memorials in the following years to proceed with the work. In 1926 he had to start over with a new composition after his studio assistant failed to keep the first clay figure moist every night, which had resulted in its disintegration.[186] Grade II
FDR statue, Grosvenor Square.jpg
Roosevelt, Franklin D.Franklin D. Roosevelt
Category:Franklin Delano Roosevelt Memorial, London on Wikimedia Commons
Statue Grosvenor Square

51°30′42″N 0°09′06″W / 51.5118°N 0.1516°W / 51.5118; -0.1516 (Franklin Delano Roosevelt)

1948 Sir Dick, William ReidWilliam Reid Dick B. W. L. Gallannaugh; Mary Jenks (lettering) Unveiled 12 April 1948 by Eleanor Roosevelt. The standing pose is intended to recall one of the moments when Roosevelt took the oath of office; he usually used a wheelchair due to his paralytic illness. Winston Churchill, who first proposed the statue, had hoped for a seated depiction of the President as a pendant to the statue of Abraham Lincoln on Parliament Square.[187] Grade II
Crouching Figure, Mayfair, London.JPG
Crouching Figure No. 4 Sculpture Carlos Place

51°30′36″N 0°08′57″W / 51.5101°N 0.1491°W / 51.5101; -0.1491 (Crouching Figure No. 4)

1973 Greco, EmilioEmilio Greco Clavarino, LucaLuca Clavarino (1987 setting) Unveiled 20 November 1987.[188]
Horse and Rider by Elisabeth Frink, Dover Street, Mayfair.JPG
Horse and Rider Equestrian statue Dover Street

51°30′27″N 0°08′29″W / 51.5076°N 0.1415°W / 51.5076; -0.1415 (Horse and Rider)

1974–5 Dame Frink, ElisabethElisabeth Frink
Frink's catalogue raisonné notes that these figures personify "the most desirable masculine qualities", namely "speed, resilience[,] intelligence, loyalty, affection, courage, sensitivity, beauty and free sensuality". Another cast was erected in Winchester High Street in 1983.[189]
Grosvenor Square entrance.jpg
RAF Eagle Squadrons Memorial Memorial with sculpture Grosvenor Square

51°30′40″N 0°09′04″W / 51.511°N 0.1511°W / 51.511; -0.1511 (RAF Eagle Squadrons Memorial)

1986 Dame Frink, ElisabethElisabeth Frink Kempster, T. A.T. A. Kempster Unveiled 12 May 1986.[190]
Statue of Dwight Eisenhower, Grosvenor Square W1.JPG
Eisenhower, Dwight D.Dwight D. Eisenhower Statue Grosvenor Square

51°30′42″N 0°09′10″W / 51.5116°N 0.1528°W / 51.5116; -0.1528 (Dwight D. Eisenhower)

1969 Dean, RobertRobert Dean Mayell Hart and Associates Unveiled 23 January 1989. A gift from the people of Kansas City, Missouri. Other casts of this statue are at West Point Military Academy and Eisenhower’s burial place in Abilene, Kansas.[191]
BondStTilework fx wb.jpg
Hat box motifs Tile motifs Bond Street tube station Jubilee line platforms 1979
Eckersley, TomTom Eckersley [87]
Ducking Pond Row Fountain, Hanover Square, London.JPG
Ducking Pond Row Fountain Fountain with sculpture Hanover Square

51°30′50″N 0°08′38″W / 51.5138°N 0.1438°W / 51.5138; -0.1438 (Ducking Pond Row Fountain)

1988 Cooper, PaulPaul Cooper
Originally erected in Bond Street.[192]
Taichi Spin Kick, Old Park Lane W1.JPG
Taichi Spin Kick Sculpture St Andrew’s Building, 17 Old Park Lane

51°30′17″N 0°09′00″W / 51.5048°N 0.1499°W / 51.5048; -0.1499 (Ducking Pond Row Fountain)

1991 Ju Ming
[193]
London - Marylebone - Allies.jpg
Allies
Category:Allies by Lawrence Holofcener on Wikimedia Commons

Winston Churchill and Franklin Delano Roosevelt

Sculptural group New Bond Street

51°30′38″N 0°08′33″W / 51.5105°N 0.1425°W / 51.5105; -0.1425 (Allies)

1995 Holofcener, LawrenceLawrence Holofcener
Unveiled 2 May 1995, shortly before the 50th anniversary of VE Day, by Princess Margaret. The sculptor’s wife gifted the group to the nation, but the Royal Fine Art Commission ruled out a location in a central London park. The Bond Street Association then expressed an interest in the work.[194]
London Tile mural Lancashire Court, on the approach to the Handel House Museum

51°30′47″N 0°08′45″W / 51.513°N 0.1458°W / 51.513; -0.1458 (London)

2001 Czerwinski, MichaelMichael Czerwinski (with Ray Howell)
Scenes of the city in ancient and modern times, hand-painted and in relief.[122]
Salmon Leap sculpture, Berkeley Square, London.JPG
Salmon Leap Sculpture Outside 40 Berkeley Square

51°30′35″N 0°08′49″W / 51.5098°N 0.147°W / 51.5098; -0.147 (Silence)

2004 Cooper, MichaelMichael Cooper
Refers to the Tyburn which once ran nearby.[195]
Curzon Square, London W1.JPG
Granite Sculptures Sculptures Curzon Square

51°30′22″N 0°09′03″W / 51.506°N 0.1508°W / 51.506; -0.1508 (Silence)

2004 Aiken, JohnJohn Aiken Rolfe Judd The bench-like sculptures are formed from black granite from Zimbabwe and silver-grey granite from Portugal spliced together.[196]
Untitled Glass panels on building Princes Street

51°30′52″N 0°08′34″W / 51.5145°N 0.1428°W / 51.5145; -0.1428 (Untitled)

2004 Beleschenko, AlexanderAlexander Beleschenko
[197]
Aspiration, Leconfield House, Curzon Street W1.JPG
Aspiration Sculpture In front of Leconfield House, Curzon Street

51°30′23″N 0°08′59″W / 51.5065°N 0.1498°W / 51.5065; -0.1498 (Aspiration)

2006 Brown, JohnJohn Brown
[198]
New Burlington Flare Light installation New Burlington Place

51°30′45″N 0°08′26″W / 51.5124°N 0.1406°W / 51.5124; -0.1406 (New Burlington Flare)

2006 Bleyenberg, MichaelMichael Bleyenberg
[199]
Water feature Silence, Mayfair, London.JPG
Silence

Sir Simon Milton

Water feature Mount Street / Carlos Place

51°30′36″N 0°08′57″W / 51.5101°N 0.1492°W / 51.5101; -0.1492 (Silence)

2011
Ando, TadaoTadao Ando et al. A raised granite-edged pool into which two trees are set, and which emits clouds of water vapour for fifteen seconds every fifteen minutes.[200] Jointly commissioned by the Grosvenor Estate and the Connaught Hotel; Blair Associates Architects and the Building Design Partnership were also involved the project.[201]
Shop ’Til You Drop Graffiti Bruton Lane

51°30′38″N 0°08′37″W / 51.5105°N 0.1437°W / 51.5105; -0.1437 (Shop ’Til You Drop)

2011 Banksy
[202]
Statue of Ronald Reagan, Grosvenor Square W1.JPG
Ronald Reagan
Category:Statue of Ronald Reagan, London on Wikimedia Commons
Statue Grosvenor Square

51°30′39″N 0°09′09″W / 51.5109°N 0.1524°W / 51.5109; -0.1524 (Ronald Reagan)

2011 Fagan, ChasChas Fagan
Unveiled 4 July 2011. Westminster City Council’s rule that a person may only be commemorated by a statue 10 years after their death was waived so that Margaret Thatcher could perform the unveiling,[203] but she proved too unwell to attend the ceremony. A fragment of the Berlin Wall is incorporated into the pedestal.[204]
1 Wilder Walk, Soho, London.jpg
Timelines Light installation Wilder Walk

51°30′38″N 0°08′09″W / 51.5105°N 0.1357°W / 51.5105; -0.1357 (Timelines)

2011 Schönbächler, DanielaDaniela Schönbächler Dixon Jones Architects [205]
Rebecca Salter - Terza Rima - 2014-10-16 - Andy Mabbett - 05.JPG
Terza Rima
Category:Terza Rima on Wikimedia Commons
Designs screenprinted onto windows and a bronze panel 9–15 Sackville Street

51°30′35″N 0°08′18″W / 51.5096°N 0.1382°W / 51.5096; -0.1382 (Terza Rima)

2011–12 Salter, RebeccaRebecca Salter JM Architects [206]
Portcullis Gates[207] Gates 33 Davies Street

51°30′43″N 0°08′53″W / 51.5119°N 0.1481°W / 51.5119; -0.1481 (Portcullis Gates)

2013 Ramshaw, WendyWendy Ramshaw HOK[208] 3.6 m-high bronze gates with abstract patterns of "flowing lines and intersecting arcs ... reflect[ing] the life and style of Mayfair", which can be lowered at night in the manner of a portcullis.[209]
An Age, An Instant Gate New Burlington Mews 2014 Smith, RonaRona Smith
Unveiled 29 April 2014. The artist took her inspiration from turn-of-the-century pocket watches, as this locale was a centre for the watchmaking trade in the early 20th century when the building’s façade was rebuilt.[210]
Elephant bronze outside Crown Aspinalls, Curzon Street W1.JPG
Elephant Statue Aspinall's, Curzon Street

51°30′23″N 0°08′58″W / 51.5064°N 0.1495°W / 51.5064; -0.1495 (Elephant)

The gambling club’s founder, John Aspinall, was a noted wildlife enthusiast whose two animal parks in Kent, Howletts and Port Lympne, are funded by the club’s proceeds.[211]

Millbank[edit]

Millbank is a district by the River Thames, east of Pimlico. It is the location of Tate Britain (formerly the Tate Gallery) and the Chelsea College of Arts. The latter institution’s Rootstein Hopkins Parade Ground is a large temporary exhibition space for the work of students and established artists.[212]

Image Title / individual commemorated Type Location Date Artist Architect / Designer Notes Listing
Tate Britain - The Rescue of Andromeda.jpg
The Rescue of Andromeda Sculptural group Outside Tate Britain

51°29′27″N 0°07′37″W / 51.4909°N 0.1269°W / 51.4909; -0.1269 (The Rescue of Andromeda)

1893 Fehr, Henry CharlesHenry Charles Fehr
A plaster model was exhibited in the Royal Academy in 1893 and cast in bronze, probably at the recommendation of Frederic, Lord Leighton. This was bought for the Tate the following year under the terms of the Chantrey Bequest. Initially displayed inside the gallery, it was moved to its present site in 1911, where the sculptor felt it was "swamped by heavy masonry".[213] Grade II*
(with building)
Statue of John Everett Millais by Thomas Brock 2011 01.jpg
Sir John Everett Millais
Category:Statue of John Everett Millais by Thomas Brock on Wikimedia Commons
Statue John Islip Street, rear of Tate Britain

51°29′28″N 0°07′44″W / 51.4911°N 0.1289°W / 51.4911; -0.1289 (John Everett Millais)

1904 Sir Thomas Brock
Originally stood by the entrance of the gallery. By 1961 Sir Norman Reid, the Tate’s director, considered the statue to have a "positively harmful" effect and attempted have it replaced by Rodin’s sculpture of John the Baptist. In 2000 the statue was moved to the rear of the building after ownership was transferred from English Heritage to the Tate.[214] Grade II
Sculpture 'Dirce'-Tate Britain-Millbank-London.JPG
The Death Of Dirce Sculptural group Outside Tate Britain

51°29′27″N 0°07′37″W / 51.4907°N 0.127°W / 51.4907; -0.127 (The Death of Dirce)

1906 Sir Charles Bennett Lawes-Wittewronge
Based on the Farnese Bull, a classical sculpture depicting the same subject. Presented to the Tate by the sculptor’s widow in 1911. A second, larger version in marble is in the grounds of Rothamsted Manor, the sculptor’s family estate in Hertfordshire.[215] Grade II*
(with building)
Two Piece Reclining Figure No.1 Sculpture By Henry Moore At 45 Millbank - London.jpg
Two Piece Reclining Figure No. 1 Sculpture McGregor Courtyard, Chelsea College of Arts, Atterbury Road

51°29′25″N 0°07′39″W / 51.4902°N 0.1274°W / 51.4902; -0.1274 (Two Piece Reclining Figure No. 1)

1959 Moore, HenryHenry Moore
Originally installed at the Chelsea School of Art’s newly built Manresa Road campus in 1964, Moore’s sculpture took up residence at the college’s current location in 2010.[216]
Locking Piece - Henry Moore - geograph.org.uk - 1300464.jpg
Locking Piece
Category:Locking Piece, Millbank on Wikimedia Commons
Sculpture Riverside Walk Gardens

51°29′21″N 0°07′40″W / 51.4891°N 0.1278°W / 51.4891; -0.1278 (Locking Piece)

1963–4 Moore, HenryHenry Moore
Unveiled 19 July 1968. Moore had never been satisfied with the setting of the piece on a multi-faceted plinth by a fountain; these features were removed and the gardens re-landscaped in 2003.[217] Grade II
Statue on Millbank - geograph.org.uk - 838746.jpg
Jeté
Category:Jeté by Enzo Plazzotta on Wikimedia Commons
Statue Millbank, south of Tate Britain

51°29′23″N 0°07′40″W / 51.4897°N 0.1277°W / 51.4897; -0.1277 (Jeté)

1975 Plazzotta, EnzoEnzo Plazzotta
Unveiled 16 July 1985. Represents the dancer David Wall making his entrance in the ballet La Bayadère.[218]
Glass canopy Glass canopy Chapter House, Chapter Street

51°29′28″N 0°08′02″W / 51.4912°N 0.134°W / 51.4912; -0.134 (Glass canopy)

2004 Maestri, KateKate Maestri with Andrew Moor Associates
[219]
Channel 4 building.jpg
Big 4 Sculpture Channel 4 headquarters, Horseferry Road

51°29′45″N 0°07′58″W / 51.4959°N 0.1329°W / 51.4959; -0.1329 (Locking Piece)

2007
Freestate and Atelier One Unveiled 16 October 2007, for Channel 4’s 25th anniversary. The separate elements of the sculpture when seen from the right angle form the number 4, in the manner of the channel’s idents. The bare steel structure was designed to be adapted by artists who would create their own “skins”, thus constantly renewing the work.[220]
Search for Enlightenment at Millbank.jpg
Search for Enlightenment Sculptures Riverside Walk Gardens

51°29′21″N 0°07′41″W / 51.4892°N 0.128°W / 51.4892; -0.128 (Search for Enlightenment)

2011 Gudgeon, SimonSimon Gudgeon
Unveiled 9 October 2011.[221] Two large, bronze heads in profile, shallow and hollowed-out with their faces upturned to the sky. The sculptor wished to comment on "the narrowness of consciousness, the vastness of time and the transience of humanity".[222] (See also another casting above.)
Tree sculpture Sculpture The Courthouse, Horseferry Road

51°29′43″N 0°07′43″W / 51.4953°N 0.1286°W / 51.4953; -0.1286 (Search for Enlightenment)

2014 Price, TomTom Price Biotecture [223]

Paddington[edit]

See the list of public art in Paddington.

Pimlico[edit]

Pimlico is a triangular area between the River Thames and Belgravia, bounded by Vauxhall Bridge Road to the east and the railway line into Victoria Station in the west.[224]

Image Title / individual commemorated Type Location Date Artist / Designer Architect Notes Listing
WilliamHuskissonPimlico.jpg
William Huskisson
Category:Statue of William Huskisson, Pimlico on Wikimedia Commons
Statue Pimlico Gardens

51°29′08″N 0°08′00″W / 51.4856°N 0.1334°W / 51.4856; -0.1334 (William Huskisson)

1836 Gibson, JohnJohn Gibson
Commissioned for a site outside the Custom House in Liverpool. This was Gibson’s second version of the statue originally in Huskisson’s mausoleum in St James Cemetery, Liverpool (now in the Walker Art Gallery).[225] Moved to the Royal Exchange before coming to the present site in 1915.[226]
First and Second World War Memorial O-S St Saviours Church Lupus Street - geograph.org.uk - 1115263.jpg
War memorial Crucifix St Saviour’s church, Lupus Street

51°29′19″N 0°08′08″W / 51.4885°N 0.1355°W / 51.4885; -0.1355 (St Saviour’s War Memorial)

after 1918
Commemorates parishioners who died in both World Wars.[227]
Dolphin mosaic Mosaic Dolphin Square c. 1937
This mosaic, which has been described as having an "Hellenic" appearance, was originally situated at the main entrance of the Dolphin Square development but was moved to its present location during renovation work.[228]
Pimlico station motif.JPG
Spot motif Tiled pattern Pimlico tube station platforms 1972c. 1972 Sedgley, PeterPeter Sedgley
The motif of yellow spray bursts on a white background was inspired by Sedgley’s own op art painting of 1968, Go.[229]
Eduardo Paolozzi's Ventilation Tower Sculpture, Pimlico Tube Station - London.jpg
Cooling Tower
Category:Cooling Tower Panels (Eduardo Paolozzi) on Wikimedia Commons
Sculpture Bessborough Street, Drummond Gate

51°29′21″N 0°07′59″W / 51.4892°N 0.133°W / 51.4892; -0.133 (Cooling tower panels)

1979–82 Paolozzi, EduardoEduardo Paolozzi Whitfield Partners Paolozzi’s cast iron relief panels, painted in aluminium, encase the cooling equipment for the air conditioning of Pimlico tube station. Conceived as a "pivot or ‘marker’" on the route from the tube station to the Tate Gallery, it was described by the architects as "an opportunity to transform a mechanical necessity into a genuine sculpture". Commissioned by the Crown Estate Commissioners.[230]
Dolphin Fountain Fountain with sculptural group Dolphin Square

51°29′11″N 0°08′10″W / 51.4864°N 0.1362°W / 51.4864; -0.1362 (Dolphin Fountain)

1987 Butler, JamesJames Butler
Installed to mark the 50th anniversary of the building of Dolphin Square.[231]
Thomas Cubitt Statue.jpg
Thomas Cubitt
Category:Statue of Thomas Cubitt, Pimlico on Wikimedia Commons
Statue Denbigh Street

51°29′19″N 0°08′19″W / 51.4886°N 0.1387°W / 51.4886; -0.1387 (Thomas Cubitt)

1994–5 Fawke, WilliamWilliam Fawke
The site is adjacent to that of the workshops used by Cubitt in the building of Pimlico. He is depicted with a yardstick in hand, selecting a brick to measure from underneath the tarpaulin. Another cast of the statue is in Dorking, Surrey.[232]
The Helmsman, Pimlico Gardens.jpg
The Helmsman Sculpture Pimlico Gardens

51°29′07″N 0°08′04″W / 51.4854°N 0.1345°W / 51.4854; -0.1345 (The Helmsman)

1996 Wallace, AndréAndré Wallace
Wallace is primarily interested in subjects involving journeys or transportation. This sculpture, of a figure at the helm of a boat, was the winning entry in a competition between five artists; it was felt to reflect the area’s maritime history.[233]
Sculpture on Thames side path - geograph.org.uk - 1194491.jpg
River Cut Tide Sculpture Riverside walk adjacent to Grosvenor Road

51°29′09″N 0°07′56″W / 51.4859°N 0.1323°W / 51.4859; -0.1323 (River Cut Tide)

2002 Mason, PaulPaul Mason
Also nearby is a slate tablet, again by Mason, marking the site of the confluence of the river Tyburn and the Thames.[234]
Roller Skater by Andre Wallace.jpg
Roller Skater Sculpture Vauxhall Bridge Road

51°29′27″N 0°08′03″W / 51.4909°N 0.1343°W / 51.4909; -0.1343 (Roller Skater)

2010 Wallace, AndréAndré Wallace
The artist wished to make a sculpture "that would be positive and dynamic and reflect the youth and vitality of an urban street."[235]
Shack Stack, Grosvenor Waterside.jpg
Shack Stack Sculpture Grosvenor Waterside 2010 Wilson, RichardRichard Wilson
A sculpture in aluminium inspired by the ramshackle nature of the sheds often found in British allotments.[236]
Bessborough Gardens and St George Wharf Tower.jpg
Queen Mother’s Commemorative Fountain Fountain Bessborough Gardens
51°29′19″N 0°07′49″W / 51.4885°N 0.1304°W / 51.4885; -0.1304
1980 Shepheard, PeterPeter Shepheard
A fountain in aluminium based on a cast of a George John Vulliamy streetlamp base from the Thames Embankment featuring two sturgeon.[237][238]

Regent’s Park[edit]

See the list of public art in St Marylebone.

St James’s[edit]

St James’s is the area bounded to the north by Piccadilly, to the west by Green Park, to the south by The Mall and St James’s Park and to the east by the Haymarket.

Image Title / individual commemorated Type Location Date Sculptor Architect / Designer Notes Listing
William III statue, St James's Square.jpg
William III
Category:Equestrian statue of William III, St James's Square, London on Wikimedia Commons
Equestrian statue St James’s Square

51°30′26″N 0°08′07″W / 51.5072°N 0.1353°W / 51.5072; -0.1353 (William III)

1807 John Bacon, Jr.
Very likely to a design of the sculptor’s father John Bacon, Senior, dating to 1794. The design is probably inspired by John Michael Rysbrack’s equestrian statue of William III in Queen Square, Bristol.[239] Grade I
Prince Frederick, Duke of York and Albany column.jpg
Duke of York Column
Category:Duke of York Column on Wikimedia Commons

Prince Frederick, Duke of York and Albany

Statue on column Waterloo Place

51°30′23″N 0°07′54″W / 51.5063°N 0.1318°W / 51.5063; -0.1318 (Duke of York Column)

1832–4 Westmacott, RichardRichard Westmacott Wyatt, Benjamin DeanBenjamin Dean Wyatt The Duke, in his Garter robes, stands atop an unfluted Doric column. Westmacott intended for the statue to face north towards Regent Street, but William IV, on the Duke of Wellington’s advice, requested that it face the Horse Guards to the south. The column was completed in 1832 and the statue raised on 3 April 1834.[240] Grade I
Statue of George III, Pall Mall SW1.jpg
George III
Category:Statue of George III, Pall Mall, London on Wikimedia Commons
Equestrian statue Cockspur Street, facing down Pall Mall

51°30′28″N 0°07′50″W / 51.5078°N 0.1305°W / 51.5078; -0.1305 (George III)

1836c. 1836 Wyatt, Matthew CotesMatthew Cotes Wyatt
Unveiled 3 August 1836 by the Duke of Cumberland. After the King’s death in 1820 Wyatt designed an ambitious multi-figure monument, but there were too few subscriptions for the project to go ahead. Fund-raising recommenced in 1831. The statue came to be nicknamed "the Pigtail and Pump-head".[241] Grade II
Buckingham Palace Gates. London. 1905.jpg

Buckingham-palace.jpg
Buckingham Palace Gates
Category:Front gates of Buckingham Palace on Wikimedia Commons
Gates and piers with sculptural decoration Forecourt of Buckingham Palace

51°30′05″N 0°08′29″W / 51.5015°N 0.1413°W / 51.5015; -0.1413 (Buckingham Palace Gates)

1850–1 (N)
1904–8 (S)
1911 (centre)
John Thomas, W. S. Frith, Walter Gilbert and Louis Weingartner Decimus Burton and Aston Webb Burton's gates were installed after the removal of Marble Arch, formerly the ceremonial entrance to the palace. Webb commissioned the Bromsgrove Guild to produce replicas with minor variations, which were erected on the southern side. The central gates were added at the request of George V.[242] Grade I
Crimea monument London 2.jpg
The Guards Crimean War Memorial
Category:Crimean War MEmorial, London on Wikimedia Commons
Memorial with sculpture Waterloo Place

51°30′27″N 0°07′58″W / 51.5074°N 0.1327°W / 51.5074; -0.1327 (The Guards Crimean War Memorial)

1858–62 Bell, JohnJohn Bell
The figures at the base of the plinth are of a Grenadier, a Fusilier and a Coldstream Guard; the crowning figure represents Honour. They are cast in bronze from cannon captured at the Siege of Sevastopol.[243] Grade II
Drinking Fountain Statue, St James' Park - London.jpg
The Boy
Category:The Greek Boy Fountain, 1863, by Lady von Gleichen on Wikimedia Commons
Drinking fountain with sculpture St James’s Park

51°30′04″N 0°08′03″W / 51.5012°N 0.1341°W / 51.5012; -0.1341 (The Boy Drinking Fountain)

1863 Mabey, Charles HenryCharles Henry Mabey for Robert Jackson & Son
A marble figure of a boy naked to the waist, set on a granite plinth with marble panels. The badly worn and much vandalised sculpture was repaired in 1993 and unveiled by Douglas Hurd.[244] Grade II
John Franklin statue.jpg
Rear-Admiral Sir John Franklin Statue Waterloo Place

51°30′23″N 0°07′56″W / 51.5064°N 0.1322°W / 51.5064; -0.1322 (Sir John Franklin)

1866 Noble, MatthewMatthew Noble
Unveiled 15 November 1866. Franklin is depicted in the act of announcing the discovery of the Northwest Passage to his officers and crew. At the back of the pedestal is a map of the Arctic, showing the positions of the boats and crews at the moment of Franklin's burial.[245] Grade II
London, UK (August 2014) - 093.JPG
Sidney Herbert, 1st Baron Herbert of Lea
Category:Statue of Sidney Herbert, 1st Baron Herbert of Lea on Wikimedia Commons
Statue Waterloo Place

51°30′26″N 0°07′58″W / 51.5073°N 0.1327°W / 51.5073; -0.1327 (Lord Herbert of Lea)

1867 Foley, John HenryJohn Henry Foley Wyatt, Thomas HenryThomas Henry Wyatt Unveiled 1 June 1867 in Pall Mall. Moved to the courtyard of the War Office, Whitehall, in 1906. In 1915 it was moved to Waterloo Place to become a pendant sculpture to that of Florence Nightingale, which was given a matching pedestal.[246] Grade II
Colin Campbell Memorial.jpg
Field Marshal Colin Campbell, 1st Baron Clyde Statue and other sculpture Waterloo Place

51°30′24″N 0°07′54″W / 51.5067°N 0.1317°W / 51.5067; -0.1317 (Colin Campbell, Lord Clyde)

1867 Marochetti, CarloCarlo Marochetti
The statue stands on a cylindrical granite pedestal; on a lower base projecting from this is a group of Victory seated on a lion.[247] Originally intended for Horse Guards Parade, but when the pedestal was installed there the Admiralty complained that it was blocking their entrance, and the site was changed.[248] Grade II
John Fox Burgoyne Statue.jpg
Field Marshal Sir John Fox Burgoyne Statue Waterloo Place

51°30′23″N 0°07′56″W / 51.5065°N 0.1323°W / 51.5065; -0.1323 (John Fox Burgoyne)

1877 Boehm, Joseph EdgarJoseph Edgar Boehm
Originally intended to stand outside the War Office in Whitehall. Boehm incorporated a tiny group of Saint George and the Dragon by his pupil Alfred Gilbert at the end of Burgoyne’s baton.[249] Grade II
Lawrence Statue.jpg
John Lawrence, 1st Baron Lawrence Statue Waterloo Place

51°30′24″N 0°07′54″W / 51.5066°N 0.1316°W / 51.5066; -0.1316 (Lord Lawrence)

1885 Boehm, Joseph EdgarJoseph Edgar Boehm
A replacement for Boehm’s statue of 1882, which was heavily criticised for its realism. This was presented to Lahore, where it proved equally controversial; in 1962 it was brought to Derry and erected in front of Foyle College, Lawrence's old school.[250] Grade II
Queen Victoria statue, Carlton House Terrace.JPG
Queen Victoria Statue Forecourt of 16 Carlton House Terrace

51°30′24″N 0°07′51″W / 51.5066°N 0.1307°W / 51.5066; -0.1307 (Queen Victoria)

1898–1902c. 1898–1902 Brock, ThomasThomas Brock
Unveiled 5 February 1902 by Lord Salisbury in the Junior Constitutional Club, Piccadilly; sold in 1940. Moved to the present site in 1971, when this building was being used as an annexe of the National Portrait Gallery.[251]
Victoria.memorial.london.arp.jpg
Victoria Memorial
Category:Victoria Memorial, London on Wikimedia Commons

Queen Victoria

Memorial with sculpture Queen Victoria Memorial Gardens, The Mall

51°30′07″N 0°08′26″W / 51.5019°N 0.1406°W / 51.5019; -0.1406 (Victoria Memorial)

1901–24 Brock, ThomasThomas Brock
Unveiled 16 May 1911 by George V. Brock was adamant that he, and not Aston Webb, was responsible for the architectural design of the memorial. Despite never having travelled to France, he produced a work that was convincingly abreast with belle époque fashion.[252] Grade I
Memorial to The Royal Marines.jpg
Royal Marines Memorial
Category:Royal Marines Memorial, The Mall on Wikimedia Commons
Memorial with sculpture The Mall

51°30′24″N 0°07′46″W / 51.5066°N 0.1295°W / 51.5066; -0.1295 (Royal Marines Memorial)

1903 Jones, AdrianAdrian Jones Jackson, Thomas GrahamThomas Graham Jackson Unveiled 25 April 1903 by the Prince of Wales, on a site now occupied by the Admiralty Citadel. Removed in 1940 and reinstalled on the Mall in 1948.[253] Grade II
Australia Gate pier with boy, ram and shield.png
Australia Gate Piers with sculptural decoration Queen Victoria Memorial Gardens

51°30′04″N 0°08′24″W / 51.5012°N 0.1399°W / 51.5012; -0.1399 (Australia Gate)

1905–8 Wood, Francis DerwentFrancis Derwent Wood Webb, AstonAston Webb The nude boys on the two piers hold the 1908 coat of arms of Australia; the western boy is accompanied by a kangaroo and the eastern by a Merino ram.[254] Grade I
Canada Gate - Green Park, London England.jpg
Canada Gate
Category:Canada Gate and Canada Memorial on Wikimedia Commons
Gates and piers with sculptural decoration Queen Victoria Memorial Gardens

51°30′09″N 0°08′29″W / 51.5025°N 0.1414°W / 51.5025; -0.1414 (Canada Gate)

1905–8 Pegram, Henry AlfredHenry Alfred Pegram Webb, AstonAston Webb The nude boys on the outermost piers hold the 1868 arms of Canada and have attributes referring to fishing and agriculture. The gates were produced by the Bromsgrove Guild.[255] Grade I
Buckingham Palace IMG 9239.JPG
South Africa Gate Piers with sculptural decoration Queen Victoria Memorial Gardens

51°30′08″N 0°08′22″W / 51.5023°N 0.1395°W / 51.5023; -0.1395 (South Africa Gate)

1905–8 Drury, AlfredAlfred Drury Webb, AstonAston Webb The nude boy on the northern pier, representing South Africa, holds a shield with the arms of the Cape Colony; that on the southern, representing West Africa, holds a blank shield.[255] Grade I
Royal Artillery Boer War Memorial.jpg
Royal Artillery
Boer War Memorial
Category:Royal Artillery Boer War Memorial on Wikimedia Commons
Memorial with sculpture The Mall

51°30′19″N 0°07′52″W / 51.5054°N 0.131°W / 51.5054; -0.131 (Royal Artillery Boer War Memorial)

1910 Colton, William RobertWilliam Robert Colton Webb, AstonAston Webb Unveiled 20 July 1910 by the Duke of Connaught. Colton was given the commission after Sir Thomas Brock turned it down due to the pressure of other commitments. Few were pleased with the resulting memorial.[256] Grade II
Statue of Captain Cook, The Mall SW1.JPG
Captain James Cook
Category:Statue of Captain Cook, The Mall on Wikimedia Commons
Statue The Mall

51°30′23″N 0°07′45″W / 51.5063°N 0.1292°W / 51.5063; -0.1292 (Captain Cook)

1914 Brock, ThomasThomas Brock probably Aston Webb Unveiled 7 July 1914 by the Duke of Connaught. The idea for the memorial was first proposed by the former Prime Minister of New South Wales, who wrote to The Times complaining of the lack of a statue to Cook in London.[257] Grade II
Florence Nightingale statue.jpg
Nightingale, FlorenceFlorence Nightingale
Category:Statue of Florence Nightingale, London on Wikimedia Commons
Statue Waterloo Place

51°30′26″N 0°07′57″W / 51.5073°N 0.1326°W / 51.5073; -0.1326 (Florence Nightingale)

1915 Walker, Arthur GeorgeArthur George Walker Wyatt, Thomas HenryThomas Henry Wyatt Unveiled 24 February 1915. The last of a group of three memorials with a Crimean theme on Waterloo Place. The pedestal is a copy of that of the statue of Lord Herbert, and is decorated with bronze reliefs of scenes from Nightingale’s life.[258] Grade II
Scott statue 1.jpg
Captain Robert Falcon Scott
Category:Statue of Robert Falcon Scott, London on Wikimedia Commons
Statue Waterloo Place

51°30′25″N 0°07′55″W / 51.5069°N 0.1319°W / 51.5069; -0.1319 (Robert Falcon Scott)

1915 Scott, KathleenKathleen Scott
Unveiled 5 November 1915 by Arthur Balfour. The sculptor was Captain Scott’s widow; she produced a marble replica for Christchurch, New Zealand.[259] Grade II
Edward VII equestrian London 1.jpg
Edward VII
Category:King Edward VII Statue, Waterloo Place, London SW1 on Wikimedia Commons
Equestrian statue Waterloo Place

51°30′24″N 0°07′56″W / 51.5067°N 0.1321°W / 51.5067; -0.1321 (Edward VII)

1921 Mackennal, BertramBertram Mackennal Lutyens, EdwinEdwin Lutyens Unveiled 20 July 1921 by George V. Edward VII is depicted in Field Marshal’s uniform. Stands on the site previously occupied by the equestrian statue of Lord Napier now at Queen’s Gate, Kensington (q.v.).[260] Grade II
Army and Navy Club War Memorial.JPG
Army and Navy Club War Memorial Statue Outside the Army and Navy Club, Pall Mall

51°30′22″N 0°08′08″W / 51.5061°N 0.1356°W / 51.5061; -0.1356 (Army and Navy Club War Memorial)

1923–6 Gotto, BasilBasil Gotto
Originally stood in the Victorian clubhouse, which was demolished around 1962. The memorial went into storage at the Ministry of Defence. In 2001 it was returned to the club and displayed in a glass case outside its 1960s building.[261]
Mary of Nazareth Statue St James’s churchyard, Piccadilly

51°30′31″N 0°08′13″W / 51.5085°N 0.137°W / 51.5085; -0.137 (Mary of Nazareth)

1925c. 1925 Wheeler, CharlesCharles Wheeler
The sculpture, exhibited at the Royal Academy in 1925, was offered to St James’s by Wheeler’s family after his death. It was erected on this site in 1975.[262]
Peace by Alfred Frank Hardiman.JPG
Peace Statue St James’s churchyard, Piccadilly

51°30′30″N 0°08′14″W / 51.5084°N 0.1373°W / 51.5084; -0.1373 (Peace)

1926c. 1926 Hardiman, Alfred FrankAlfred Frank Hardiman
As Hardiman died in 1949 leaving his Southwood Memorial for the churchyard unfinished, the sculptor’s widow gave this earlier work to St James’s as a substitute and as a memorial to her husband.[263]
Queen Alexandra Memorial CCC.jpg
Memorial to Queen Alexandra of Denmark
Category:Category:Queen Alexandra Memorial, Marlborough Road, London on Wikimedia Commons
Memorial with sculpture Marlborough Road

51°30′17″N 0°08′12″W / 51.5047°N 0.1368°W / 51.5047; -0.1368 (Queen Alexandra Memorial)

1926–32 Gilbert, AlfredAlfred Gilbert
Unveiled 8 June 1932 by George V. Despite Gilbert’s earlier disgrace with the royal family after failing to complete the Duke of Clarence’s tomb, the Queen had expressed a wish that he sculpt her memorial should he outlive her. Gilbert, aged 78, was knighted the day after its unveiling.[264] Grade I
Lord Curzon statue, Carlton House Terrace.jpg
George Curzon, 1st Marquess Curzon of Kedleston Statue Carlton House Terrace

51°30′22″N 0°08′00″W / 51.506°N 0.1333°W / 51.506; -0.1333 (Lord Curzon)

1930 Mackennal, BertramBertram Mackennal
Unveiled 20 March 1931 by Stanley Baldwin. The statue stands opposite the viceroy’s former house. Mackennal had previously sculpted Curzon’s tomb effigy in All Saints Church, Kedleston.[265] Grade II
Fountain in the yard of Saint James' Church, Piccadilly - geograph.org.uk - 1415027.jpg
Memorial to Julius Salter Elias, 1st Viscount Southwood Memorial with sculpture St James’s churchyard, Piccadilly

51°30′31″N 0°08′14″W / 51.5086°N 0.1371°W / 51.5086; -0.1371 (Viscount Southwood Memorial)

1948 Hardiman, Alfred FrankAlfred Frank Hardiman Richardson, AlfredAlfred Richardson At the entrance to the Garden of Remembrance financed by Southwood, a newspaper magnate. Putti on dolphins and playing musical instruments refer to his charitable work for the children’s hospital at Great Ormond Street.[266] Grade II
1-4 Pickering Place 20130408 128.JPG
Sundial Armillary sphere Pickering Place before 1953
[267]
George VI - Statue - Carlton House Terrace - London - 310504.jpg
George VI
Category:George VI and Queen Elizabeth Monument on Wikimedia Commons
Statue Carlton House Terrace

51°30′19″N 0°08′02″W / 51.5052°N 0.1338°W / 51.5052; -0.1338 (George VI)

1955 McMillan, WilliamWilliam McMillan Soissons, Louis deLouis de Soissons (1955)

Donald Insall (2008)

Unveiled 21 October 1955 by Queen Elizabeth II. The statue was moved forward from its original setting in 2008 to form part of a joint memorial with the King’s wife, Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother.[268] Grade II
Memorial to Queen Mary in Marlborough Road.jpg
Memorial to Queen Mary of Teck Plaque with relief sculpture Junction of The Mall and Marlborough Road

51°30′17″N 0°08′08″W / 51.5046°N 0.1355°W / 51.5046; -0.1355 (Mary of Teck)

1967 Dick, William ReidWilliam Reid Dick Stone, Alan ReynoldsAlan Reynolds Stone (lettering) Unveiled 7 June 1967. The profile portrait is a bronze replica of the memorial to Queen Mary at St Mary Magdalene’s church, Sandringham, Norfolk.[269]
Yvonnefletchermemorial.jpg
Memorial to WPC Yvonne Fletcher Stele St James’s Square

51°30′28″N 0°08′06″W / 51.5077°N 0.1351°W / 51.5077; -0.1351 (Yvonne Fletcher)

1985
Unveiled 1 February 1985 by Margaret Thatcher. The first memorial to be erected by the Police Memorial Trust, founded in response to Fletcher’s shooting during a siege of the Libyan embassy on the Square.[270]
General de Gaulle - geograph.org.uk - 717956.jpg
General Charles de Gaulle Statue Carlton Gardens

51°30′21″N 0°08′03″W / 51.5057°N 0.1342°W / 51.5057; -0.1342 (Charles de Gaulle)

1993 Conner, AngelaAngela Conner Wiehahn, BernradBernrad Wiehahn Unveiled 23 June 1993 by Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother. De Gaulle (who requested that no statues be raised to him) gestures with his left hand towards 4 Carlton Gardens, the headquarters of the Free French from 1940.[265]
Fountain at the Economist Plaza - geograph.org.uk - 1375861.jpg
Eclipse

Charles Moore, 11th Earl of Drogheda

Fountain with sculpture Economist Plaza

51°30′25″N 0°08′21″W / 51.507°N 0.1392°W / 51.507; -0.1392 (Charles de Gaulle)

1996 Conner, AngelaAngela Conner
The memorial fountain consists of two moving discs mounted on a wall, which slowly fill up with water. In 2008 Conner voiced her displeasure with the Economist’s neglect of the work’s upkeep.[271]
Sculptures outside Anglo American.jpg
Two Wave Form Sculpture Outside Anglo American Head Office, 20 Carlton House Terrace

51°30′25″N 0°07′49″W / 51.507°N 0.1304°W / 51.507; -0.1304 (Two Wave Form)

1999 Carter, John SydneyJohn Sydney Carter
Commissioned by Westminster City Council.[272]
The Stag by Marcus Cornish.jpg
Stag Statue St James’s Square

51°30′24″N 0°08′08″W / 51.5067°N 0.1355°W / 51.5067; -0.1355 (Stag)

2001 Cornish, MarcusMarcus Cornish
Commissioned by the developer Patrick Despard for Cleveland House, St James’s Square. As the sculpture did not find favour with the building’s occupants, it was presented to the trustees of the square.[273]
Beau Brummell Statue Jermyn Street.JPG
Beau Brummell Statue Jermyn Street

51°30′28″N 0°08′20″W / 51.5077°N 0.1389°W / 51.5077; -0.1389 (Beau Brummell)

2002 Sedlecká, IrenaIrena Sedlecká
Unveiled 5 November 2002 by Princess Michael of Kent. Sedlecká originally conceived the sculpture for the Bond Street site now occupied by Lawrence Holofcener’s Allies.[274]
The National Police Memorial - geograph.org.uk - 1568965.jpg
National Police Memorial
Category:National Police Memorial, London on Wikimedia Commons
Memorial with stele The Mall, in front of the Admiralty Citadel

51°30′21″N 0°07′48″W / 51.5057°N 0.1301°W / 51.5057; -0.1301 (National Police Memorial)

2005 Arnoldi, PerPer Arnoldi Foster and Partners Unveiled 26 April 2005 by Queen Elizabeth II. The memorial incorporates a ventilation shaft for the London Underground, faced with black granite and containing a Roll of Honour.[275]
Queen mother statue.jpg
Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother
Category:George VI and Queen Elizabeth Monument on Wikimedia Commons
Memorial with statue and relief sculpture The Mall

51°30′18″N 0°08′01″W / 51.5051°N 0.1337°W / 51.5051; -0.1337 (Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother)

2009 Jackson, PhilipPhilip Jackson (statue)

Paul Day (reliefs)

Buttress, DonaldDonald Buttress, Donald Insall Unveiled 24 February 2009 by Queen Elizabeth II. Part of a joint memorial to the Queen Mother and her husband George VI, which incorporates William McMillan’s 1955 statue of the latter. A cast of Jackson's statue is to be erected in Poundbury, Dorset.[276]
Keith Park statue, Waterloo Place.jpg
Air Chief Marshal Sir Keith Park
Category:Keith Park statue in Waterloo Place on Wikimedia Commons
Statue Waterloo Place

51°30′24″N 0°07′57″W / 51.5067°N 0.1325°W / 51.5067; -0.1325 (Sir Keith Park)

2010 Johnson, LesLes Johnson
Unveiled 15 September 2010, on the 70th anniversary of the Battle of Britain. Previously a larger, fibreglass version of the statue was displayed on the Fourth Plinth at Trafalgar Square for six months. It is now at the Royal Air Force Museum in Hendon.[277]
Palmerston portrait plaque, Pickering Place.jpg
Palmerston, Henry John Temple, 3rd ViscountHenry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston Relief Pickering Place
[278]

St John’s Wood[edit]

See the list of public art in St Marylebone.

Soho[edit]

Soho is an area first developed in the 1670s which, since the construction of theatres along Shaftesbury Avenue in the 19th century, has had a strong association with the entertainment industry.[279] In the south of the district stands Leicester Square, the public sculpture of which has had an eventful history. From 1748 the square had as it centrepiece an equestrian figure of George I, but this deteriorated and was sold off at the beginning of the following century.[280] In 1874 the square was bought by Albert Grant, a company promoter and MP, who had its gardens made over to a design by James Knowles.[281] This saw the installation of the Shakespeare fountain and busts of four historical residents of the locale, positioned near the sites of their former homes.[280] In a refurbishment of 1989–92 two busts, those of William Hogarth and John Hunter, exchanged places.[282] A more radical renovation carried out between 2010 and 2012 was criticised for its removal of all of the sculptures on the square except for that of Shakespeare.[283]

In 1997 the artist Rick Buckley began attaching plaster casts of his own nose to buildings in London as a comment on the increasing use of CCTV surveillance. His actions were not publicised until 2011, by which time a number of urban myths concerning the noses had been contrived. One of these told of the "Seven Noses of Soho" (though there were in fact many more outside that district), which would bring "infinite wealth" to any person able to find all seven.[284]

Image Title / individual commemorated Type Location Date Artist Architect Notes Listing
Statue of King Charles II in Soho Square.jpg
Charles II Statue Soho Square

51°30′55″N 0°07′56″W / 51.5154°N 0.1323°W / 51.5154; -0.1323 (Charles II)

1681 Cibber, Caius GabrielCaius Gabriel Cibber
Originally formed the crowning element of a fountain at the centre of Soho Square. In 1875 the badly weathered statue was moved to the garden of Grim’s Dyke, Harrow Weald, later the home of W. S. Gilbert. It was returned to the square in 1938, according to the wishes of Gilbert’s widow.[285] Grade II
George II statue 1.jpg
George II Statue Golden Square

51°30′42″N 0°08′14″W / 51.5116°N 0.1372°W / 51.5116; -0.1372 (George II)

1720 Nost, JohnJohn Nost the Elder
A statue of an allegorical figure in Roman costume, made for Cannons, the seat of the Duke of Chandos in Little Stanhope, Middlesex. An anonymous bidder bought the statue at the sale of the house’s contents and erected it in Golden Square as "George II" on 14 March 1753.[286] Grade II
Statue Of William Shakespeare in Leicester Square.jpg
Shakespeare, WilliamWilliam Shakespeare
Category:Statue of William Shakespeare at Leicester Square on Wikimedia Commons
Fountain with statue Leicester Square

51°30′37″N 0°07′48″W / 51.5104°N 0.1301°W / 51.5104; -0.1301 (William Shakespeare)

1874 Fontana, GiovanniGiovanni Fontana after Peter Scheemakers Sir James Knowles Unveiled 3 July 1874. Based on William Kent and Scheemakers’s memorial to Shakespeare in Poets' Corner, Westminster Abbey. The scroll held by the figure of the Bard bears a quotation from Twelfth Night (Act 4, Scene 2): THERE IS NO DARKNESS BUT IGNORANCE[287] Grade II
Eros@Piccadilly.jpg
Shaftesbury Memorial Fountain
Category:Category:Shaftesbury Memorial Fountain ("Eros"), Piccadilly Circus on Wikimedia Commons

Anthony Ashley-Cooper, 7th Earl of Shaftesbury

Fountain with statue Piccadilly Circus

51°30′36″N 0°08′04″W / 51.5099°N 0.1345°W / 51.5099; -0.1345 (Shaftesbury Memorial Fountain ("Eros"))

1885 Sir Alfred Gilbert Ince, HowardHoward Ince (consulted on design) Unveiled 29 June 1893. Gilbert criticised contemporary statues for being too literal and inartistic, and chose instead to symbolise Lord Shaftesbury’s philanthropy with an allegorical figure.[288] This was intended to represent Anteros or "The Angel of Christian Charity", but it became popularly identified with the Greek god’s twin brother Eros. Grade I
Statue of Henry Irving, London.jpg
Sir Henry Irving
Category:Statue of Henry Irving, London on Wikimedia Commons
Statue Irving Street

51°30′35″N 0°07′42″W / 51.5097°N 0.1282°W / 51.5097; -0.1282 (Sir Henry Irving)

1910 Sir Thomas Brock
Unveiled 5 December 1910. The street between the statue and the National Portrait Gallery, formerly Green Street, was renamed in the actor’s honour in 1938. The formal gardens were laid out, with railings bearing the monogram HI, for the Festival of Britain in 1951; these were unveiled by Sir Laurence Olivier.[289] Grade II
Tottenham Court Road stn Northern line mosaic.JPG
Mosaics
Category:Mosaics at Tottenham Court Road tube station on Wikimedia Commons
Glass mosaics Tottenham Court Road tube station 1980–6[290] Paolozzi, EduardoEduardo Paolozzi
The mosaics on the Central line platforms are replete with references to the neighbourhood above ground, particularly its shops selling books, musical instruments and electronics, whereas those on the two Northern line platforms are abstract in design. The mosaics between the entrance and the platforms were the final part of the scheme to be completed.[291]
Charlie Chaplin-Leicester Square-London.jpg
Chaplin, CharlieCharlie Chaplin
Category:Statue of Charlie Chaplin in Leicester Square on Wikimedia Commons
Statue Leicester Place

51°30′41″N 0°07′49″W / 51.5114°N 0.1304°W / 51.5114; -0.1304 (Charlie Chaplin)

1981 Doubleday, JohnJohn Doubleday
Unveiled 16 April 1981 in Leicester Square, by Sir Ralph Richardson. A slightly modified version was erected in Vevey, the Swiss town Chaplin made his home, the following year. In the square’s refurbishment of 1989–92 the statue was moved from the south-western corner to a site north of the Shakespeare fountain,[292] and in that of 2010–12 it was removed altogether. It was installed on the current site in 2013.[293]
Stone lions on Gerrard Street, Chinatown, London (02).jpg
Chinese lions Sculptures Gerrard Street

51°30′42″N 0°07′52″W / 51.5118°N 0.1311°W / 51.5118; -0.1311 (Charlie Chaplin)

1985
Unveiled 29 October 1985 by the Duke of Gloucester at the formal opening of Chinatown. A gift from the People’s Republic of China.[294]
Noel Street mural.jpg
Ode to the West Wind Mural 17 Noel Street

51°30′53″N 0°08′13″W / 51.5148°N 0.137°W / 51.5148; -0.137 (Ode to the West Wind)

1989 Vines, LouiseLouise Vines and the London Wall Mural Group
Inspired by the eponymous poem of 1819 by Percy Bysshe Shelley, who lived around the corner in 15 Poland Street; the mutilated tree is also a reference to the Great Storm of 1987. Originally proposed in 1986 by the Soho Jazz Festival, who then abandoned the commission; it was subsequently taken up by The Soho Society.[295]
The Spirit of Soho - geograph.org.uk - 586869.jpg
The Spirit of Soho Mural Broadwick Street

51°30′46″N 0°08′18″W / 51.5127°N 0.1382°W / 51.5127; -0.1382 (The Spirit of Soho)

1991 FreeForm Arts Trust
Saint Anne, as patroness of Soho, is portrayed in a dress bearing a map of the district. At her feet are gathered several former residents, including Casanova and Marx. Six smaller scenes depict forms of work and leisure characteristic of the area. Restored in 2006.[296]
Swiss-UK relations Canton Tree.jpg
Cantonal Tree
Category:Cantonal Tree, Swiss Court on Wikimedia Commons
Swiss Court, off Leicester Square

51°30′37″N 0°07′53″W / 51.5104°N 0.1314°W / 51.5104; -0.1314 (Cantonal Tree)

1991
Unveiled 15 April 1991, to mark the 700th anniversary of the founding of the Swiss Confederation. The street was also given its current name for that occasion. Displays the arms of Switzerland’s 26 cantons.

Victoria[edit]

Victoria is roughly described as the area around Victoria station. It includes the conservation areas of Broadway and Christchurch Gardens, Grosvenor Gardens and the environs of Westminster Cathedral. Particularly noteworthy examples of architectural sculpture can be found at 55 Broadway, where in 1928–9 sculptors including Eric Gill and Henry Moore were engaged on representations of the Four Winds; two further figures, Night and Day, were carved by Jacob Epstein.[297] A great deal of public art by recent graduates of art schools in London was incorporated into Cardinal Place, a development of 2005.[298]

Image Title / individual commemorated Type Location Date Artist Architect / Designer Notes Listing
Statue Of Sydney Waterlow-Palace Street.jpg
Sir Sydney Waterlow, 1st Baronet Statue Westminster City School, Palace Street

51°29′52″N 0°08′21″W / 51.4978°N 0.1393°W / 51.4978; -0.1393 (Memorial Fountain to the 2nd Marquess of Westminster)

1901 Frank Taubman
Unveiled 27 June 1901. A replica of the statue in Waterlow Park, Highgate.[299]
Westminster Cathedral tympanum.jpg
Christ in Majesty with the Virgin and Saints Joseph, Peter and Edward Tympanum mosaic Westminster Cathedral

51°29′46″N 0°08′23″W / 51.4962°N 0.1398°W / 51.4962; -0.1398 (Westminster Cathedral)

1916 Robert Anning Bell John Francis Bentley Based on a sketch by Bentley dated to 1895–6 and later worked up in colour by his assistant John Marshall,[300] Bell’s mosaic was criticised for its background of white tiles instead of the traditional gold.[301] Grade I
The Rifle Brigade Memorial, Grosvenor Gardens, Westminster.jpg
Rifle Brigade Memorial Memorial with sculpture Grosvenor Gardens

51°29′53″N 0°08′49″W / 51.498°N 0.147°W / 51.498; -0.147 (Rifle Brigade Memorial)

1924–5 John Tweed
Unveiled 25 July 1925. The rifleman in contemporary uniform in the centre is flanked by an officer (on the left) and a private in early 19th-century uniform.[302] Grade II
Ferdinand Foch statue (Victoria, London).jpg
Marshal Ferdinand Foch Equestrian statue Grosvenor Gardens

51°29′47″N 0°08′43″W / 51.4964°N 0.1453°W / 51.4964; -0.1453 (Marshall Foch)

1930 Georges Malissard F. Lebret Unveiled 5 June 1930.[303] A replica of a statue erected outside Marshal Foch’s headquarters in Cassel.[304] The choice of an existing work by a French sculptor caused some dissatisfaction. The site was chosen so that the statue would be seen by French visitors arriving in London at Victoria station.[305] Grade II
Blue cameo of Queen Victoria on pink background by Edward Bawden. - geograph.org.uk - 614599.jpg
Cameo of Queen Victoria Tiled pattern Victoria station Victoria line platforms 1968 Edward Bawden after Benjamin Pearce
Bawden produced an original linocut of the Queen’s profile for this scheme but it was rejected;[306] the final design is based on a silhouette by Pearce.[88]
Suffragette Memorial, Christchurch Gardens, London.jpg
Suffragette Memorial Sculpture Christchurch Gardens

51°29′54″N 0°08′05″W / 51.4982°N 0.1348°W / 51.4982; -0.1348 (Lord Alexander of Tunis)

1970 Lorne and Edwin Russell Paul Edward Paget Unveiled 14 July 1970. A bronze scroll in the shape of the letter S balancing on a conical pedestal. Inscribed NEARBY CAXTON HALL WAS/ HISTORICALLY ASSOCIATED/ WITH WOMEN′S SUFFRAGE/ MEETINGS & DEPUTATIONS/ TO PARLIAMENT.[307]
Guards Chapel, Wellington Barracks - geograph.org.uk - 351928.jpg
Field Mashal Harold Alexander, 1st Earl Alexander of Tunis
Category:Alexander of Tunis statue on Wikimedia Commons
Statue Outside the Guards Chapel, Wellington Barracks, Birdcage Walk

51°30′02″N 0°08′09″W / 51.5005°N 0.1358°W / 51.5005; -0.1358 (Lord Alexander of Tunis)

1985 James Butler
Unveiled 9 May 1985 by the Queen Mother. Alexander had a particular affection for the old Guards Chapel (almost completely destroyed by bombing in 1944), having spent much time there as a subaltern.[308]
111 Buckingham Palace Road.JPG
Gates Gates 111 Buckingham Palace Road

51°29′43″N 0°08′45″W / 51.4952°N 0.1457°W / 51.4952; -0.1457 (Gates)

1986 Giuseppe Lund
Gates of jagged aluminium.[309]
Chalice, 123 Buckingham Palace Road SW1.jpg
Chalice Fountain 123 Buckingham Palace Road

51°29′35″N 0°08′47″W / 51.4931°N 0.1465°W / 51.4931; -0.1465 (Chalice)

1991 Pye, WilliamWilliam Pye
Unveiled 24 June 1991 by Lord St John of Fawsley (according to the pavement plaque). A stainless steel basin, its circumference bounded by cables suspended from above which define a cylindrical shape in the air. The idea was suggested to the sculptor by the hanging lamps in the Sultan Hassan Mosque in Cairo.[310]
The Flowering of the English Baroque, Henry Purcell, London.JPG
The Flowering of the English Baroque

Henry Purcell

Sculpture Christchurch Gardens

51°29′53″N 0°08′03″W / 51.498°N 0.1342°W / 51.498; -0.1342 (The Flowering of the English Baroque)

1995 Glynn Williams
Unveiled 22 November 1995, the tercentenary of Purcell’s death, by Princess Margaret. The sculptor described the design as "a rising explosion of activity, a tree to the musical evolution of the 17th century". This was the first major sculptural commission by Westminster City Council.[311]
Public art Victoria.jpg
Big Painting Sculpture Sculpture Cardinal Place

51°29′52″N 0°08′30″W / 51.4977°N 0.1418°W / 51.4977; -0.1418 (Big Painting Sculpture)

1996–8 Patrick Heron Julian Feary Commissioned when the complex was still known as Stag Place. Based on several gouache studies by Heron of brightly coloured floating shapes connected by linear patterns. Neon tubes light up the work at night.[312]
Lioness and Lesser Kudu, Westminster - geograph.org.uk - 1464485.jpg
Lioness and Lesser Kudu Sculptural group Grosvenor Gardens

51°29′52″N 0°08′50″W / 51.4979°N 0.1473°W / 51.4979; -0.1473 (Lioness and Lesser Kudu)

1998 Jonathan Kenworthy
Installed on this site in 2000; another cast already stood in the grounds of Eaton Hall, the Duke of Westminster’s estate in Cheshire.[313]
Sculpture outside 21 Palmer Street, London.jpg
Cypher Sculpture Outside the Asticus Building, 21 Palmer Street

51°29′56″N 0°08′07″W / 51.499°N 0.1352°W / 51.499; -0.1352 (Cypher)

2003 Tim Morgan
The sculpture, commissioned by the Cass Sculpture Foundation, consists of thousands of glass rods bound together within a circular steel belt.[314]
Glass Sculpture Cardinal Place - geograph.org.uk - 1215266.jpg
Stacked Glass Sculpture Sculpture Cardinal Place

51°29′51″N 0°08′28″W / 51.4975°N 0.1411°W / 51.4975; -0.1411 (Stacked Glass Sculpture)

2005 Tony Burke Jane Wernick Associates (engineer) The work comprises one twisting wall of stacked green glass and another curving; these are set on a cylindrical plinth.[315]
Cathedral Walk, Cardinal Place, from above - geograph.org.uk - 1293972.jpg
Route Panels set in pavement Cardinal Place

51°29′49″N 0°08′26″W / 51.497°N 0.1406°W / 51.497; -0.1406 (Route)

2005 Joy Gerrard
Nine discs of varying sizes set in the pavement of the Cardinal Place development at various points in a pedestrian’s route; they are inlaid with smaller coloured discs.[316]
LP4, Cardinal Place SW1.jpg
LP4 Kinetic sculpture Cardinal Place

51°29′52″N 0°08′29″W / 51.4978°N 0.1415°W / 51.4978; -0.1415 (LP4)

2005 Nathaniel Rackowe
Two slabs of oblong welded steel panels (with a gap at the top of the grid forming a "machiolation") hold in place a thin cathode light tube; the whole structure is set into a rotating turntable flush with the pavement.[317]
Statue of Queen Victoria, Victoria Square SW1.jpg
Queen Victoria Statue Victoria Square

51°29′52″N 0°08′42″W / 51.4977°N 0.1449°W / 51.4977; -0.1449 (Queen Victoria)

2008 Catherine Anne Laugel
The Queen is depicted as a young woman of 20, the age she would have been when construction on the square began.[318]
Back-lit fused glass boxes Back-lit fused glass boxes InterContinental London Westminster hotel, Broadway

51°29′58″N 0°07′59″W / 51.4994°N 0.133°W / 51.4994; -0.133 (Back-lit fused glass boxes)

2012 Moor, AndrewAndrew Moor Associates Dexter Moren Associates [319]
Memorial to Victims of Violence, Christchurch Gardens SW1.JPG
Memorial to Victims of Violence Commemorative stone with plaque Christchurch Gardens

51°29′54″N 0°08′02″W / 51.4982°N 0.134°W / 51.4982; -0.134 (Memorial to Victims of Violence)

2013 (unveiled) Jim Martins[320]
Unveiled 5 June 2013.[321]
Wind Sculpture by Yinka Shonibare.JPG
Wind Sculpture Sculpture Howick Place

51°29′48″N 0°08′14″W / 51.4968°N 0.1371°W / 51.4968; -0.1371 (Wind Sculpture)

2014 Yinka Shonibare
Unveiled 7 April 2014. The work simulates a piece of batik fabric (a signature material for Shonibare) billowing in the wind.[322]
Flanders Fields 1914–2014 Memorial Outside the Guards Chapel, Wellington Barracks, Birdcage Walk 2014
Blanckaert, PietPiet Blanckaert The memorial garden was opened on 6 November 2014 by Queen Elizabeth II; King Philippe of the Belgians was also present.[323] The memorial is a gift from Belgium. A low circular wall, within which is planted soil from the war cemeteries of Flanders, is inscribed with the poem "In Flanders Fields" by John McCrae.[324]

Victoria Embankment[edit]

The Victoria Embankment is a road and river-walk on the north bank of the River Thames, formed from land reclaimed during the construction of Joseph Bazalgette’s sewerage system in the late 19th century.[325] From 1864 a sequence of public gardens called the Victoria Embankment Gardens was created from this land; running from north-east to south-west these are called Temple Gardens, the Main Garden, the Whitehall Garden and finally the Ministry of Defence section, built 1939–59.[326] All four gardens contain works of commemorative sculpture and more memorials are on the river-walk or road itself, making the Embankment one of the principal sites for commemoration in London. One of these memorials, the National Submarine War Memorial, lies outside the borough, in the City of London.[327]

Image Title / individual commemorated Type Location Date Artist Architect / Designer Notes Listing
Cleopatra.needle.arp.400pix.jpg
Cleopatra's Needle
Category:Cleopatra's Needle (London) on Wikimedia Commons

Thutmose III and Ramesses II

Obelisk Adelphi Steps, near Hungerford Bridge

51°30′31″N 0°07′13″W / 51.5085°N 0.1203°W / 51.5085; -0.1203 (Cleopatra's Needle)

1450 BCc. 1450 BC
George John Vulliamy One of a pair of obelisks erected in Heliopolis by Thutmose III; two centuries later the inscriptions to Ramesses II were added and in 12 BC they were moved to Alexandria. Presented to Britain in 1819, but not brought to London until 1878. Its companion was re-erected in Central Park, New York, in 1881.[328] Grade I
Boudica and Her Daughters - geograph.org.uk - 440656.jpg
Boadicea and Her Daughters
Category:Boudica statue, Westminster on Wikimedia Commons

Boudica

Sculptural group Near Westminster Pier

51°30′04″N 0°07′26″W / 51.5011°N 0.1238°W / 51.5011; -0.1238 (Boadicea and her Daughters)

1856–83 Thornycroft, ThomasThomas Thornycroft and Sir William Hamo Thornycroft Jackson, Thomas GrahamThomas Graham Jackson The elder Thornycroft’s magnum opus, brought to completion by his son. The style of the figures was out of fashion by the time the group was installed here in 1902.[329] Grade II
Isambard Kingdom Brunel - Bronze - Temple - London.jpg
Brunel, Isambard KingdomIsambard Kingdom Brunel
Category:Statue of Isambard Kingdom Brunel, Victoria Embankment, London on Wikimedia Commons
Statue Near Temple tube station

51°30′39″N 0°06′55″W / 51.5108°N 0.1152°W / 51.5108; -0.1152 (Isambard Kingdom Brunel)

1861c. 1861 Marochetti, CarloCarlo Marochetti Shaw, Richard NormanRichard Norman Shaw Erected 1877. This and Marochetti’s statue of George Stephenson outside Euston station were originally planned for Parliament Square. Shaw’s masonry screen, then a complete novelty but much imitated since, may have been intended to block the tube station from view.[330] Grade II
James Outram Statue in Victoria Embankment Gardens - geograph.org.uk - 1258090.jpg
Lieutenant General Sir James Outram, 1st Baronet
Category:Statue of James Outram, Victoria Embankment Gardens on Wikimedia Commons
Statue Victoria Embankment Gardens, Whitehall Garden

51°30′21″N 0°07′24″W / 51.5057°N 0.1234°W / 51.5057; -0.1234 (James Outram)

1871 Noble, MatthewMatthew Noble
Unveiled 17 August 1871. Permission for a statue to Outram in Trafalgar Square had been refused in 1861. Trophies of arms representing his Indian campaigns rest on the corners of the pedestal.[331] Grade II
Sphinx bench by Cleopatra's Needle detail 2 London.jpg
Benches
Category:Sphinx bench at Cleopatra's Needle on Wikimedia Commons
Benches Victoria Embankment

51°30′33″N 0°07′09″W / 51.5093°N 0.1192°W / 51.5093; -0.1192 (Benches)

1872–4
Lewis and George John Vulliamy 21 cast iron and timber benches set along the Embankment, all to a design depicting winged sphinxes in their terminal arm-brackets, except for that opposite the junction with Horseguards Avenue, which depicts seated camels instead.[332] Grade II
John Stuart Mill statue, Temple Gardens, London.jpg
Mill, John StuartJohn Stuart Mill
Category:Statue of John Stuart Mill, London on Wikimedia Commons
Statue Victoria Embankment Gardens, Temple Gardens

51°30′40″N 0°06′48″W / 51.5112°N 0.1132°W / 51.5112; -0.1132 (John Stuart Mill)

1878 Woolner, ThomasThomas Woolner
Unveiled 26 January 1878.[333] The first statue specifically designed for a site on the Embankment.[334] Grade II
Cleopatras-Sphinx-20040918-036.jpg
Two sphinxes
Category:Sphinxes at Cleopatra's Needle on Wikimedia Commons
Statues Cleopatra’s Needle

51°30′30″N 0°07′13″W / 51.5084°N 0.1204°W / 51.5084; -0.1204 (Sphinx)
51°30′31″N 0°07′13″W / 51.5086°N 0.1202°W / 51.5086; -0.1202 (Sphinx)

1878 Mabey, Charles HenryCharles Henry Mabey Vulliamy, George JohnGeorge John Vulliamy Modelled on a sphinx from the time of Thutmose III in the Duke of Northumberland's collection at Alnwick Castle.[335] Grade I
(with obelisk)
Robert Raikes Statue, Victoria Embankment Gardens - London.jpg
Raikes, RobertRobert Raikes
Category:Statue of Robert Raikes, London on Wikimedia Commons
Statue Victoria Embankment Gardens, Main Garden

51°30′34″N 0°07′11″W / 51.5095°N 0.1197°W / 51.5095; -0.1197 (Robert Raikes)

1880 Brock, ThomasThomas Brock
Unveiled 3 July 1880 by the Earl of Shaftesbury. Replicas were made in 1929 for the 150th anniversary of the first Sunday school, established by Raikes in Gloucester; they stand in that city and in Toronto.[336] Grade II
William Tyndale Victoria Embankment.jpg
Tyndale, WilliamWilliam Tyndale
Category:William Tyndale statue, Victoria Embankment Gardens on Wikimedia Commons
Statue Victoria Embankment Gardens, Whitehall Garden

51°30′23″N 0°07′23″W / 51.5063°N 0.1231°W / 51.5063; -0.1231 (William Tyndale)

1884 Boehm, Joseph EdgarJoseph Edgar Boehm Godwin, Edward WilliamEdward William Godwin Unveiled 7 May 1884. Erected by the British and Foreign Bible Society to commemorate their 80th anniversary, and the supposed 400th anniversary of Tyndale’s birth.[337] Grade II
Robert Burns in Victoria Embankment Gardens.jpg
Burns, RobertRobert Burns
Category:Statue of Robert Burns, London on Wikimedia Commons
Statue Victoria Embankment Gardens, Main Garden

51°30′32″N 0°07′16″W / 51.5089°N 0.121°W / 51.5089; -0.121 (Robert Burns)

1884 Steell, JohnJohn Steell
Unveiled 26 July 1884 by Lord Rosebery. A variation on Steell’s 1880 statue of Burns in Central Park, New York; other versions are in Dundee (erected 1880) and Dunedin, New Zealand (erected 1887).[338] Grade II
Henry Fawcett, Victoria Embankment, London.jpg
Memorial to Henry Fawcett
Category:Henry Fawcett Memorial on Wikimedia Commons
Drinking fountain with plaque Victoria Embankment Gardens, Main Garden

51°30′33″N 0°07′14″W / 51.5091°N 0.1205°W / 51.5091; -0.1205 (Henry Fawcett Memorial)

1886 Grant, MaryMary Grant and George Frampton Champneys, BasilBasil Champneys Unveiled 27 July 1886. Grant produced the portrait relief and Frampton, then at an early stage in his career, provided the ornamental sculpture. The erroneous "signature" reads MARY GRANT SC/ 1896; this was added in 1897.[339] Grade II
Bartle Frere statue Victoria Embankment.jpg
Sir Henry Bartle Frere, 1st Baronet
Category:Statue of Sir Henry Bartle Frere, 1st Baronet on Wikimedia Commons
Statue Victoria Embankment Gardens, Whitehall Garden

51°30′18″N 0°07′25″W / 51.5051°N 0.1236°W / 51.5051; -0.1236 (Henry Bartle Frere)

1887 Brock, ThomasThomas Brock
Unveiled 5 June 1888 by the Prince of Wales. Frere is represented in privy counsellor’s uniform, with the robe and collar of a Knight Grand Commander of the Star of India and the insignia of the Order of the Bath.[340] Grade II
General Charles George Gordon statue, Embankment, London.jpg
General Charles George Gordon
Category:Charles George Gordon statue, Victoria Embankment on Wikimedia Commons
Statue Victoria Embankment Gardens, Ministry of Defence section

51°30′16″N 0°07′26″W / 51.5045°N 0.1238°W / 51.5045; -0.1238 (General Gordon)

1888 Thornycroft, William HamoWilliam Hamo Thornycroft Waterhouse, AlfredAlfred Waterhouse Unveiled 16 October 1888 in Trafalgar Square. The pedestal was inspired by that of Le Sueur’s Charles I near that location (q.v.). Removed in 1943 for the temporary display of a Lancaster bomber and re-erected on this site in 1953. A cast of 1889 is in Melbourne.[341] Grade II
William Edward Forster statue, Victoria Embankment.jpg
Forster, William EdwardWilliam Edward Forster Statue Victoria Embankment Gardens, Main Garden

51°30′41″N 0°06′44″W / 51.5113°N 0.1123°W / 51.5113; -0.1123 (William Edward Forster)

1889 Pinker, Henry Richard HopeHenry Richard Hope Pinker
Unveiled 1 August 1890. Erected outside the (now demolished) London School Board offices, appropriately enough as Forster was responsible for the act of Parliament which provided compulsory state education for all children.[342] Grade II
Sir Joseph Bazalgette Memorial.jpg
Memorial to Sir Joseph Bazalgette
Category:Joseph Bazalgette Memorial on Wikimedia Commons
Plaque with bust Near Embankment Pier, facing Northumberland Avenue

51°30′23″N 0°07′20″W / 51.5064°N 0.1223°W / 51.5064; -0.1223 (Joseph Bazalgette Memorial)

1901 Simonds, George BlackallGeorge Blackall Simonds
Unveiled 6 November 1901.[343] Inscribed FLVMINI VINCVLA POSVIT ("he put the river in chains"), referring to Bazalgette’s construction of London’s sewers, which also resulted in the creation of the Embankment.[344] Grade II
Memorial To Sir Arthur Sullivan.jpg
Memorial to Sir Arthur Sullivan
Category:Arthur Sullivan Memorial on Wikimedia Commons
Bust on pedestal with other sculpture Victoria Embankment Gardens, Main Garden

51°30′33″N 0°07′13″W / 51.5093°N 0.1203°W / 51.5093; -0.1203 (Sir Arthur Sullivan Memorial)

1902 John, William GoscombeWilliam Goscombe John
Unveiled 10 July 1903 by Princess Louise. Inscribed with a quotation from The Yeomen of the Guard (1888), IS LIFE A BOON?/ IF SO, IT MUST BEFALL/ THAT DEATH, WHENE’ER HE CALL/ MUST CALL TOO SOON.[345] Grade II
Walter Besant plaque, Victoria Embankment, London (cropped).jpg
Memorial to Walter Besant Plaque Near Savoy Place

51°30′35″N 0°07′07″W / 51.5096°N 0.1185°W / 51.5096; -0.1185 (Walter Besant Memorial)

1902 Frampton, GeorgeGeorge Frampton
Erected 1904. A cast of an identical monument in the crypt of St Paul’s Cathedral, unveiled in 1903.[346] Grade II
Norman Shaw Buildings (New Scotland Yard) 2012 03.jpg
Gates Gates Norman Shaw Buildings, Derby Gate

51°30′07″N 0°07′27″W / 51.502°N 0.1243°W / 51.502; -0.1243 (Gates)

1904 (erected) Blomfield, ReginaldReginald Blomfield (designer of gates) Shaw, Richard NormanRichard Norman Shaw These ornate wrought-iron gates were acquired by Shaw after he saw them displayed in an exhibition of Arts and Crafts; they were installed here during the construction of his second building for the New Scotland Yard, now known as the Norman Shaw South Building.[347] Grade II*
Statue of Sir Wilfrid Lawson.JPG
Sir Wilfrid Lawson, 2nd Baronet, of Brayton
Category:Statue of Wilfrid Lawson, 2nd Baronet on Wikimedia Commons
Statue Victoria Embankment Gardens, Main Garden

51°30′31″N 0°07′18″W / 51.5085°N 0.1218°W / 51.5085; -0.1218 (Sir Wilfrid Lawson)

1909 McGill, DavidDavid McGill
Unveiled 20 July 1909 by H. H. Asquith. The pedestal was originally decorated with bronze statuettes representing Temperance, Charity, Fortitude and Peace; these were stolen in 1979.[348] Grade II
Lion with a mooring ring.jpg
Lions’ heads Lion’s head masks Victoria Embankment, at intervals beneath lamps on the river side of the river wall 1910 Bayes, GilbertGilbert Bayes
The bronze masks have mooring rings in their mouths.[349] For the tide to rise of the level of the lions’ mouths would be a sign of severe flooding, so a saying has arisen, “if the lions drink, London will sink”.[350]
Memorial to William Stead, Victoria Embankment.jpg
Memorial to William Thomas Stead Plaque Temple Pier

51°30′39″N 0°06′45″W / 51.5108°N 0.1126°W / 51.5108; -0.1126 (W. T. Stead Memorial)

1913 Frampton, GeorgeGeorge Frampton
Unveiled 5 July 1920. Portrait relief with two small figures of Fortitude and Sympathy. A replica was unveiled in Central Park, New York, in 1921.[351] Grade II
Norman Shaw plaque.JPG
Memorial to Richard Norman Shaw Plaque Norman Shaw North Building

51°30′08″N 0°07′27″W / 51.5022°N 0.1242°W / 51.5022; -0.1242 (Norman Shaw Memorial)

1914 Thornycroft, William HamoWilliam Hamo Thornycroft Lethaby, WilliamWilliam Lethaby Unveiled 13 July 1914. Lethaby commended Thornycroft on his posthumous likeness of Shaw: "You must have remembered much, the curled over lip and the serious smiling, saucy look are so alike..." The building is generally regarded as Shaw’s masterpiece.[352] Grade I (building)
Memorial to WS Gilbert v4.jpg
Memorial to W. S. Gilbert Plaque Near Embankment Pier

51°30′26″N 0°07′18″W / 51.5072°N 0.1216°W / 51.5072; -0.1216 (W. S. Gilbert Memorial)

1914 Frampton, GeorgeGeorge Frampton
Unveiled 31 August 1915. Portrait relief with figures of Tragedy and Comedy; the latter contemplates a doll dressed as the Mikado. Anthony Hope, who was on the memorial committee, took credit for the epitaph HIS FOE WAS FOLLY/ AND HIS WEAPON WIT, though the exact phrasing was not his.[353] Grade II
Belgium monument Embankment London.jpg
Anglo-Belgian Memorial
Category:Anglo-Belgian War Memorial (London) on Wikimedia Commons
Screen with sculptural group and reliefs Victoria Embankment, facing Cleopatra’s Needle

51°30′31″N 0°07′15″W / 51.5087°N 0.1208°W / 51.5087; -0.1208 (Anglo-Belgian War Memorial)

1920 Rousseau, VictorVictor Rousseau with a Mr Francis Blomfield, ReginaldReginald Blomfield Unveiled 12 October 1920. A gift from Belgium to thank Britain for her assistance in the First World War. Rousseau modelled the central bronze group and Francis, a student at the Royal College of Art, was tasked with the initial carving of the stone elements, which was finished by Rousseau.[354] A corresponding memorial is in Brussels. Grade II*
Imperial Camel Corps Memorial, London.jpg
Imperial Camel Corps Memorial
Category:Imperial Camel Corps Memorial on Wikimedia Commons
Statue on pedestal with reliefs Victoria Embankment Gardens, Main Garden

51°30′30″N 0°07′18″W / 51.5084°N 0.1216°W / 51.5084; -0.1216 (Imperial Camel Corps Memorial)

1920 Major Cecil Brown
Unveiled 22 July 1921. The sculptor was himself a member of the Corps.[355] Grade II
Raf.memorial.london.arp.jpg
Royal Air Force Memorial
Category:RAF Memorial, London on Wikimedia Commons
Pylon with sculpture Whitehall Steps

51°30′14″N 0°07′23″W / 51.504°N 0.1231°W / 51.504; -0.1231 (Royal Air Force Memorial)

1923 Dick, William ReidWilliam Reid Dick Blomfield, ReginaldReginald Blomfield Unveiled 13 July 1923 by the Prince of Wales. A pylon of Portland stone surmounted by a gilded eagle, perched on a globe. Commemorates RAF personnel killed in both world wars.[356] Grade II
Memorial To Samuel Plimsoll.jpeg
Memorial to Samuel Plimsoll Bust on pedestal with other sculpture Victoria Embankment

51°30′19″N 0°07′24″W / 51.5053°N 0.1232°W / 51.5053; -0.1232 (Plimsoll Memorial)

1929 Blundstone, Ferdinand VictorFerdinand Victor Blundstone
Unveiled 21 August 1929. The plinth is flanked by bronze figures of a sailor and Justice. The Plimsoll line is used as a motif on the railings on either side.[357] Grade II
Cheylesmore Memorial.JPG
Cheylesmore Memorial
Category:Cheylesmore Memorial on Wikimedia Commons
Major-General Herbert Eaton, 3rd Baron Cheylesmore
Screen Victoria Embankment Gardens, Main Garden

51°30′32″N 0°07′15″W / 51.5088°N 0.1209°W / 51.5088; -0.1209 (Cheylesmore Memorial)

1930
Lutyens, EdwinEdwin Lutyens Unveiled 17 July 1930. Sir Reginald Blomfield, the architect of the Anglo-Belgian Memorial, objected to Lutyens’s work being "plastered onto the back" of his own.[358] Grade II
Memorial to George V, Victoria Embankment.jpg
King’s Reach Memorial Stele with plaque and sculpture Temple Pier

51°30′39″N 0°06′42″W / 51.5109°N 0.1118°W / 51.5109; -0.1118 (Cheylesmore Memorial)

1936 Doman, CharlesCharles Doman Cooper, EdwinEdwin Cooper Unveiled 20 January 1936. Commemorates the naming of this stretch of the river after George V.[359]
Trenchard's statue on the Embankment, London.jpg
Hugh Trenchard, 1st Viscount Trenchard
Category:Trenchard's statue, Embankment, London on Wikimedia Commons
Statue Victoria Embankment Gardens, Ministry of Defence section

51°30′13″N 0°07′26″W / 51.5035°N 0.124°W / 51.5035; -0.124 (Viscount Trenchard)

1961 McMillan, WilliamWilliam McMillan Richardson, AlbertAlbert Richardson Unveiled 19 July 1961 by Harold Macmillan. Richardson was an old friend of Trenchard’s and offered to design the pedestal free of charge.[360] Grade II
Lord Portal's statue on the Embankment 2.jpg
Charles Portal, 1st Viscount Portal of Hungerford Statue Victoria Embankment Gardens, Ministry of Defence section

51°30′15″N 0°07′25″W / 51.5042°N 0.1237°W / 51.5042; -0.1237 (Viscount Portal)

1975 Nemon, OscarOscar Nemon
Unveiled 21 May 1975 by Harold Macmillan. The statue is set on a triangular slate pedestal, partly intended to evoke the shape of an aerofoil. Portal gazes upwards in the direction of the RAF Memorial.[361]
Embankment station Northern motif.JPG
Murals Murals Embankment tube station, all platforms 1985 Denny, RobynRobyn Denny Arup Associates This scheme won a Brunel Award for outstanding visual design in 1989.[362]
Savoy Hotel Centenary Memorial.JPG
Savoy Hotel Centenary Memorial

Richard D'Oyly Carte and other chairmen and managing directors of the Savoy Hotel up to 1989

Armillary sphere and cistern Victoria Embankment Gardens, Main Garden

51°30′34″N 0°07′12″W / 51.5095°N 0.1199°W / 51.5095; -0.1199 (Savoy Hotel Centenary Memorial)

1989 Daniel, ChristopherChristopher Daniel Casson, HughHugh Casson Inaugurated 30 March 1989. The inscriptions on the armilla include the hotel's motto (‘FOR EXCELLENCE WE STRIVE’) and lines from Gilbert and Sullivan’s Savoy opera, Ruddigore (1887): ‘EVERY SEASON HAS ITS CHEER’/ ‘LIFE IS LOVELY ALL THE YEAR’.[363]
Michael Faraday - geograph.org.uk - 757190.jpg
Michael Faraday Statue Savoy Place

51°30′36″N 0°07′08″W / 51.5099°N 0.1189°W / 51.5099; -0.1189 (Michael Faraday)

1989 Foley, John HenryJohn Henry Foley and Thomas Brock
Unveiled 1 November 1989. Cast of an 1874 marble sculpture in the Royal Institution, completed by Brock after Foley’s death. The original gilding has worn away entirely.[364]
Chindit Memorial, Victoria Embankment oct 2010.JPG
Chindit Memorial
Category:Chindit Memorial, London on Wikimedia Commons
Statue Victoria Embankment Gardens, Whitehall Garden

51°30′12″N 0°07′26″W / 51.5033°N 0.124°W / 51.5033; -0.124 (Chindit Memorial)

1990 Forster, FrankFrank Forster Price, DavidDavid Price Unveiled 16 October 1990. Crowned with a bronze Chinthe or Burmese temple guardian, the Chindits’ namesake. Medallions to the front and rear reproduce the force’s badge and the portrait of their founder Orde Wingate.[365]
Fountain Victoria Embankment.jpg
Lady Henry Somerset’s Children’s Fountain
Category:Lady Henry Somerset Memorial Fountain on Wikimedia Commons
Drinking fountain with statue Victoria Embankment Gardens, Main Garden

51°30′40″N 0°06′45″W / 51.5112°N 0.1125°W / 51.5112; -0.1125 (Lady Henry Somerset's Children's Fountain)

1991 Davis, Philomena DavidsonPhilomena Davidson Davis after George Edward Wade
Unveiled 29 May 1897. Wade’s original sculpture for the temperance campaigner’s memorial was stolen in 1971; it was replaced by Davis’s replica only in 1991.[366] Grade II
Daedalus on Westminster.JPG
Fleet Air Arm Memorial (Daedalus)
Category:Fleet Air Arm Memorial, Westminster on Wikimedia Commons

Royal Naval Air Service and Fleet Air Arm

Statue Victoria Embankment Gardens, Ministry of Defence section

51°30′14″N 0°07′26″W / 51.504°N 0.124°W / 51.504; -0.124 (Fleet Air Arm Memorial)

2000 Butler, JamesJames Butler Trehearne and Norman Unveiled 1 June 2000 by the Prince of Wales. The figure of Daedalus as a modern pilot reflects on his fallen comrades. He stands atop a column which rises out of a plinth reminiscent of the prow of a ship.[367]
Part Of Battle Of Britain Memorial.jpg
Battle of Britain Monument
Category:Battle of Britain Monument, London on Wikimedia Commons
Memorial with sculpture Victoria Embankment, near Richmond Terrace

51°30′11″N 0°07′24″W / 51.503°N 0.1234°W / 51.503; -0.1234 (Battle of Britain Monument)

2005 Day, PaulPaul Day Dyson, TonyTony Dyson Unveiled 18 September 2005 by the Prince of Wales. Adapted from a Victorian granite plinth which originally housed a ventilator for the Underground.[368]

Westminster[edit]

Westminster, which gives the borough its name, lies to the south-west of Charing Cross; it is the location of Westminster Abbey and the Palace of Westminster, which together with St Margaret’s parish church comprise a UNESCO World Heritage Site.[369] The area’s main sculptural showcase is Parliament Square, conceived in the 1860s to improve the setting of the rebuilt Houses of Parliament, to ease traffic flow and as a site for commemorating politicians of note.[370] Carlo Marochetti’s statues of the engineers Robert Stephenson and Isambard Kingdom Brunel (q.v.) were initially considered for the square but were rejected as not fitting in with the political theme; they were ultimately erected outside Euston station and on the Victoria Embankment.[371] The present configuration of the square is a result of George Grey Wornum’s refurbishment of 1949–50, though three statues of twentieth-century figures have since been added.[372] Another two political memorials (one of which, the Buxton Memorial Fountain, was moved by Wornum from Parliament Square) and The Burghers of Calais, a work on an historical theme by Auguste Rodin, are to be found in Victoria Tower Gardens.

Image Title / individual commemorated Type Location Date Artist Architect / Designer Notes Listing
Weather-worn statue at Westminster Abbey.jpg
St Peter, St Paul, Faith and Hope Statues College Garden, Westminster Abbey 1686 Gibbons, GrinlingGrinling Gibbons and Arnold Quellin
Four marble statues from the altarpiece of the Catholic chapel at the Palace of Whitehall, commissioned by James II and designed by Sir Christopher Wren. The altarpiece was dismantled after the Whitehall Palace fire of 1695. These fragments are in very poor condition.[373]
George Canning statue, Parliament Square SW1 - geograph.org.uk - 1318077.jpg
Canning, GeorgeGeorge Canning
Category:George Canning statue, Parliament Square on Wikimedia Commons
Statue Parliament Square

51°30′04″N 0°07′40″W / 51.501°N 0.1277°W / 51.501; -0.1277 (George Canning)

1832 Sir Richard Westmacott
Erected 2 May 1832 in New Palace Yard; in its current location since 1949. The features are based on the portrait bust of Canning by Sir Francis Chantrey, who was "not at all pleased with the preference shewn to Mr. Westmacott".[374] Grade II
Richard the first.jpg
Richard Coeur de Lion
Category:Statue of Richard I, Westminster on Wikimedia Commons

Richard I

Equestrian statue Old Palace Yard

51°29′57″N 0°07′32″W / 51.4991°N 0.1256°W / 51.4991; -0.1256 (Richard I)

1856 Marochetti, CarloCarlo Marochetti
Unveiled 26 October 1860. Casting of a clay model exhibited at the 1851 Great Exhibition to much acclaim; John Ruskin considered it "the only really interesting piece of historical sculpture we have".[375] Grade II
Westminster Scholars War Memorial - viewed from the dome on Methodist Central Hall.jpg
Westminster Scholars War Memorial
Category:Westminster Scholars War Memorial on Wikimedia Commons
Column with sculpture Broad Sanctuary

51°29′58″N 0°07′45″W / 51.4995°N 0.1292°W / 51.4995; -0.1292 (Westminster Scholars War Memorial)

1861 Philip, John BirnieJohn Birnie Philip Sir George Gilbert Scott Commemorates Lord Raglan and other ex-pupils of Westminster School who died in the Crimean War[376] and the Indian Mutiny. Sculptures represent St George and the Dragon, Edward the Confessor and Henry III (builders of Westminster Abbey), Elizabeth I (second founder of the school) and Queen Victoria.[377] Grade II
Buxton Memorial 50577.jpg
Buxton Memorial Fountain
Category:Buxton Memorial Fountain on Wikimedia Commons

Inscribed to Buxton, Wilberforce, Clarkson, Macaulay, Brougham, Lushington et al.

Drinking fountain Victoria Tower Gardens

51°29′46″N 0°07′29″W / 51.4961°N 0.1248°W / 51.4961; -0.1248 (Buxton Memorial Fountain)

1865–6 Earp, ThomasThomas Earp (figures now lost) Teulon, Samuel SandersSamuel Sanders Teulon with Charles Buxton Erected in Parliament Square in 1865–6. Commissioned by Charles Buxton as a memorial to his father Sir Thomas Buxton and his colleagues in the Abolitionist movement, particularly those associated with the Slavery Abolition Act of 1833. Removed in 1949 and re-erected on this site in 1957.[378] Grade II*
Earl of Derby statue.jpg
Derby, Edward Smith-Stanley, 14th Earl ofEdward Smith-Stanley, 14th Earl of Derby
Category:Statue of the Earl of Derby, Parliament Square on Wikimedia Commons
Statue Parliament Square

51°30′03″N 0°07′38″W / 51.5008°N 0.1273°W / 51.5008; -0.1273 (Earl of Derby)

1874 Noble, MatthewMatthew Noble
Unveiled 11 July 1874. Derby is represented wearing his robes as Chancellor of Oxford University. The bronze reliefs around the pedestal depicting scenes from his life were executed by Noble’s assistant, Horace Montford.[379] Grade II
Viscount Palmerston statue.jpg
Palmerston, Henry John Temple, 3rd ViscountHenry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston
Category:Statue of Lord Palmerston, Parliament Square, London on Wikimedia Commons
Statue Parliament Square

51°30′03″N 0°07′38″W / 51.5009°N 0.1271°W / 51.5009; -0.1271 (Viscount Palmerston)

1876 Woolner, ThomasThomas Woolner
Unveiled 2 February 1876. Palmerston is portrayed in middle age, before he became Prime Minister. The pedestal departs from the "Gothic" model of the nearby statues of Derby and Peel.[380] Grade II
Robert Peel monument.JPG
Sir Robert Peel
Category:Statue of Sir Robert Peel, Parliament Square, London on Wikimedia Commons
Statue Parliament Square

51°30′02″N 0°07′38″W / 51.5005°N 0.1273°W / 51.5005; -0.1273 (Sir Robert Peel)

1877 (unveiled) Noble, MatthewMatthew Noble
Initially a statue of Peel was commissioned from Carlo Marochetti. This was ready by 1853 but was considered to be far too large. Marochetti produced a smaller work which was placed at the entrance to New Palace Yard; this was removed in 1868 and melted down in 1874.[381] Grade II
Benjamin Disraeli monument.JPG
Benjamin Disraeli, 1st Earl of Beaconsfield
Category:Benjamin Disraeli statue, Parliament Square on Wikimedia Commons
Statue Parliament Square

51°30′02″N 0°07′38″W / 51.5006°N 0.1273°W / 51.5006; -0.1273 (Benjamin Disraeli)

1883 Raggi, MarioMario Raggi
Unveiled 19 April 1883. The statue was the "shrine" of the Primrose League, a conservative association established in Disraeli’s memory, who left wreaths in front of it every year on "Primrose Day", the anniversary of his death.[382] Grade II
Burghers of Calais London 50593.jpg
The Burghers of Calais
Category:Burghers of Calais, London on Wikimedia Commons
Sculptural group Victoria Tower Gardens

51°29′51″N 0°07′30″W / 51.4975°N 0.1249°W / 51.4975; -0.1249 (Burghers of Calais)

1895 Rodin, AugusteAuguste Rodin Gill, EricEric Gill (lettering) Unveiled 19 July 1915. The National Art Collections Fund bought the cast in 1910. Rodin wanted the work situated "near the statue of William the Conqueror" (sic) but eventually agreed on a site in Victoria Tower Gardens.[383] Relocated and given its current pedestal in 2004.[384] Grade I
Oliver Cromwell - Statue - Palace of Westminster - London - 240404.jpg
Cromwell, OliverOliver Cromwell
Category:Oliver Cromwell statue, Westminster on Wikimedia Commons
Statue New Palace Yard

51°30′00″N 0°07′33″W / 51.4999°N 0.1259°W / 51.4999; -0.1259 (Oliver Cromwell)

1899 Sir William Hamo Thornycroft
Unveiled 18 November 1899.[385] The decision to erect a statue to Cromwell was controversial; the Irish Nationalist Party forced the withdrawal of public funds to pay for the statue. Instead an anonymous donor, rumoured to be Lord Rosebery, paid for the work.[386] Grade II
War Memorial outside St Johns Smith Square - geograph.org.uk - 1182066.jpg
War memorial Cross Churchyard of St John’s, Smith Square, facing Dean Stanley Street

51°29′46″N 0°07′36″W / 51.496°N 0.1268°W / 51.496; -0.1268 (War memorial)

after 1918
Commemorates the 120 parishioners of the church who died in World War I.[387]
Abraham lincoln memorial london 20050523.jpg
Lincoln, AbrahamAbraham Lincoln
Category:Statue of Abraham Lincoln, Parliament Square, London on Wikimedia Commons
Statue Parliament Square

51°30′02″N 0°07′40″W / 51.5006°N 0.1278°W / 51.5006; -0.1278 (Abraham Lincoln)

1920 (unveiled) Saint-Gaudens, AugustusAugustus Saint-Gaudens McKim, Mead & White Unveiled July 1920. A replica of the statue of Lincoln in Lincoln Park, Chicago. Initially the statue was to be erected in 1914, but this was postponed until 1917. By that time some favoured an alternative statue by George Grey Barnard; this was eventually erected in Manchester.[388] Grade II
Victoria Tower Gardens, Nanny goat and kid sculpture (left).JPG
Drinking fountain with two groups of a nanny goat and kid Drinking fountain with sculptural groups Victoria Tower Gardens

51°29′42″N 0°07′30″W / 51.4951°N 0.1249°W / 51.4951; -0.1249 (Drinking fountain)

1923 Miss Harris assisted by Charles Sargeant Jagger
Given by Henry Gage Spicer, the director of a paper firm, for the poor children of the area who used the Gardens as a playground. The extent of "Miss Harris’s" involvement in the art deco sculptures is questionable.[389]
Emmeline Pankhurst Memorial.jpg
Pankhurst, EmmelineEmmeline Pankhurst
Category:Emmeline Pankhurst Memorial, London on Wikimedia Commons
Statue with side screens and piers Victoria Tower Gardens

51°29′52″N 0°07′31″W / 51.4979°N 0.1253°W / 51.4979; -0.1253 (Emmeline Pankhurst)

1930 Walker, Arthur GeorgeArthur George Walker Sir Herbert Baker Unveiled 6 March 1930 by Stanley Baldwin. Moved to the present site in 1956. The stone screens were added in 1959 as a memorial to Christabel Pankhurst. Two bronze plaques show, on the right, a portrait medallion of Christabel Pankhurst and, on the left, the design on the WSPU prisoners’ badge.[390] Grade II
Westminster king george v statue 1.jpg
George V
Category:Statue of George V in Westminster on Wikimedia Commons
Statue Old Palace Yard

51°29′56″N 0°07′35″W / 51.499°N 0.1263°W / 51.499; -0.1263 (George V)

1947 (unveiled) Sir William Reid Dick Sir Giles Gilbert Scott Unveiled 22 October 1947 by George VI. Completion of the statue was delayed by the outbreak of the Second World War; the statue was stored at the quarry in Portland for the duration of the conflict.[391] Grade II
Jan Smuts statue.JPG
Smuts, JanJan Smuts
Category:Statue of Jan Smuts, Parliament Square, London on Wikimedia Commons
Statue Parliament Square

51°30′03″N 0°07′37″W / 51.5009°N 0.1269°W / 51.5009; -0.1269 (Jan Smuts)

1956 Sir Jacob Epstein possibly Charles Holden Unveiled 7 November 1956. Winston Churchill, on his return to power in 1951, wished to erect a statue to Smuts; he was, however, unable to perform the unveiling due to illness. The pedestal is of granite from South Africa.[389] Grade II
HenryMoore KnifeEdgeTwoPiece02b.jpg
Knife Edge Two Piece 1962–65
Category:Knife Edge Two Piece 1962–65 on Wikimedia Commons
Sculpture Abingdon Street Gardens (College Green)

51°29′53″N 0°07′34″W / 51.498°N 0.126°W / 51.498; -0.126 (Knife Edge Two Piece)

1962–5 Moore, HenryHenry Moore
Unveiled 1 November 1967. A gift by Henry Moore and the Contemporary Art Society.[392] Over the years the work’s condition deteriorated because its legal owner was unknown.[393] The House of Commons accepted ownership of the sculpture in 2011; it is now part of the Parliamentary Art Collection.[394]
Winston Churchill statue, Parliament Square, London.JPG
Churchill, WinstonWinston Churchill
Category:Churchill statue, Parliament Square on Wikimedia Commons
Statue Parliament Square

51°30′03″N 0°07′35″W / 51.5008°N 0.1265°W / 51.5008; -0.1265 (Winston Churchill)

1973 Ivor Roberts-Jones
Unveiled 1 November 1973 by Lady Clementine Spencer-Churchill. Churchill indicated his desire for a statue of himself in this spot during Wornum’s reconfiguration of Parliament Square. An early version of the statue was felt to bear too close a resemblance to Benito Mussolini and had to be modified.[395] Grade II
Crucifixion Sculptural group College Garden, Westminster Abbey 1974 Plazzotta, EnzoEnzo Plazzotta
A group depicting the crucified Christ with the Good and Bad Thieves, donated to the Dean and Chapter of Westminster Abbey in 1993.[396]
Jubilee Fountain, New Palace Yard crop.jpg
Jubilee Fountain

Silver Jubilee of Elizabeth II

Fountain with sculpture New Palace Yard

51°30′02″N 0°07′31″W / 51.5005°N 0.1252°W / 51.5005; -0.1252 (Jubilee Fountain)

1977 Pytel, WalentyWalenty Pytel
Unveiled 4 May 1977 by Queen Elizabeth II. The two tiers of animals represent the continents: on the lower tier are a lion for Africa, a unicorn for Europe and a tiger for Asia, on the upper an eagle for the Americas, a kangaroo for Australia and a penguin for Antarctica.[397]
Westminster Abbey 19 2012-07-03.jpg
Memorial to Innocent Victims of Oppression, Violence and War Plaque in pavement Broad Sanctuary

51°29′59″N 0°07′43″W / 51.4996°N 0.1286°W / 51.4996; -0.1286 (Memorial to Innocent Victims of Oppression, Violence and War)

1996
Unveiled 10 October 1996 by Queen Elizabeth II.[398]
Golden Jubilee Sundial, Old Palace Yard.jpg
Golden Jubilee Sundial

Golden Jubilee of Elizabeth II

Analemmatic sundial in pavement Old Palace Yard

51°29′56″N 0°07′34″W / 51.499°N 0.1261°W / 51.499; -0.1261 (Golden Jubilee Sundial)

2002
Newark, QuentinQuentin Newark Parliament’s gift to the Queen on her Golden Jubilee. The inscription around the rim is from Henry VI, Part 3: To carve out dials quaintly, point by point, thereby to see the minutes how they run: how many makes the hour full complete, how many hours brings about the day, how many days will finish up the year, how many years a mortal man may live.[399]
Nelson Mandela on Parliament Square, Westminster - geograph.org.uk - 1229312.jpg
Mandela, NelsonNelson Mandela
Category:Nelson Mandela statue, Parliament Square, Westminster on Wikimedia Commons
Statue Parliament Square

51°30′03″N 0°07′35″W / 51.5008°N 0.1265°W / 51.5008; -0.1265 (Winston Churchill)

2007 Ian Walters
Unveiled 29 August 2007. Westminster Council had earlier refused permission for placing the statue in Trafalgar Square adjacent to South Africa House.[400] On a visit to London in 1961, Mandela had joked that one day his statue would replace that of Jan Smuts; they now both have statues in Parliament Square.[401]
LloydGeorgeStatueParliamentSq.JPG
George, David LloydDavid Lloyd George
Category:Statue of David Lloyd George, Parliament Square on Wikimedia Commons
Statue Parliament Square

51°30′03″N 0°07′36″W / 51.5008°N 0.1267°W / 51.5008; -0.1267 (David Lloyd George)

2007 (unveiled) Williams, GlynnGlynn Williams
Unveiled 25 October 2007 by the Prince of Wales and Duchess of Cornwall. Stands on a plinth of slate from Penrhyn Quarry, North Wales.[402]
Fruit sculptures Sculptures Abbey Orchard Estate courtyard

51°29′52″N 0°07′52″W / 51.4978°N 0.1311°W / 51.4978; -0.1311 (Fruit sculptures)

2012 Staton, SarahSarah Staton
Gigantic sculptures of English fruit, made to appear as if they have fallen from the plane trees nearby.[403] The scheme won the UK Landscape Award for Artworks in 2012.[404]

Whitehall[edit]

Whitehall, a street that takes its name from the royal palace destroyed in 1698, is the ceremonial route linking Trafalgar Square with the Palace of Westminster and is lined with government buildings.[405] It is also at the centre of the highest concentration of memorials in the City of Westminster, in which 47% of the total number of such works in the borough are located.[406] The wider area of Whitehall also includes Horse Guards Parade, another important ceremonial space, and Horse Guards Road, which forms its western boundary with St James’s Park. The area’s monuments are predominantly military in character, foremost among them being the Cenotaph, which is the focal point of the national Remembrance Sunday commemorations each year.[407]

Image Title / individual commemorated Type Location Date Sculptor Architect / Designer Notes Listing
Cádiz Memorial, Horse Guards Parade, London (2014).JPG
Cádiz Memorial Memorial Horse Guards Road

51°30′15″N 0°07′38″W / 51.5042°N 0.1273°W / 51.5042; -0.1273 (Cádiz Memorial)

1814 (base)
A French mortar mounted on a Chinese dragon, presented by Spain in thanks for Wellington’s lifting of the Siege of Cádiz in 1812. The base was made in 1814 at the Royal Arsenal, Woolwich.[408] Grade II
Prince George, Duke of Cambridge statue Whitehall.jpg
Cambridge, Prince George, Duke ofPrince George, Duke of Cambridge
Category:Statue of Prince George, Duke of Cambridge, Whitehall, London on Wikimedia Commons
Equestrian statue Whitehall, opposite the Old War Office

51°30′19″N 0°07′36″W / 51.5052°N 0.1266°W / 51.5052; -0.1266 (Prince George, Duke of Cambridge)

1907 Jones, AdrianAdrian Jones Belcher, JohnJohn Belcher Unveiled 15 June 1907.[409] Jones was appointed a Member of the Royal Victorian Order for this work.[410] In 2012 the sword was broken off by a man who had stripped naked and mounted the statue in what was described as a "psychotic episode".[411] Grade II
SpencerCompton8thDukeofDevonshire.jpg
Devonshire, Spencer Compton Cavendish, 8th Duke ofSpencer Compton Cavendish, 8th Duke of Devonshire
Category:Statue of Spencer Cavendish, 8th Duke of Devonshire, Whitehall, London on Wikimedia Commons
Statue Junction of Horse Guards Avenue and Whitehall

51°30′17″N 0°07′34″W / 51.5048°N 0.1262°W / 51.5048; -0.1262 (Spencer Cavendish, Duke of Devonshire)

1909–10 Hampton, HerbertHerbert Hampton Ince, HowardHoward Ince Unveiled 14 February 1911. The statue of the Duke in his Garter robes stands on a pedestal of Darley Dale stone. Edward VII, as a close friend of the Duke, took a personal interest in the memorial, asking Hampton to bring the modello to Buckingham Palace for his inspection.[412] Grade II
Statue of Robert Clive, London.jpg
Clive, Robert Clive, 1st BaronRobert Clive, 1st Baron Clive
Category:Statue of Clive of India, London on Wikimedia Commons
Statue King Charles Street, facing Horse Guards Road

51°30′08″N 0°07′45″W / 51.5023°N 0.1292°W / 51.5023; -0.1292 (Clive of India)

1912 Tweed, JohnJohn Tweed Clarke, George SomersGeorge Somers Clarke Erected 1912 in the gardens of Gwydyr House; moved to present site in 1916. The statue was the brainchild of Lord Curzon, who felt that Clive had been insufficiently honoured for his role in establishing the British Empire in India. A marble version was also created for erection in Calcutta.[413] Grade II
S F-E-CAMERON LONDON CENOTAPH.JPG
Cenotaph
Category:Cenotaph, London on Wikimedia Commons
Memorial Whitehall

51°30′10″N 0°07′34″W / 51.5027°N 0.1261°W / 51.5027; -0.1261 (Cenotaph)

1920 Wood, Francis DerwentFrancis Derwent Wood Sir Edwin Lutyens Unveiled 11 November (Armistice Day) 1920 by George V. Lutyens's temporary cenotaph in wood and plaster, designed and built in two weeks in July 1919, proved so popular that this permanent version of the same design was erected the following year. It commemorates the dead of both world wars.[414] Grade I
Wolseley statue, Horse Guards Parade.jpg
Field Marshal Garnet Wolseley, 1st Viscount Wolseley
Category:Equestrian statue of the Viscount Wolseley on Wikimedia Commons
Equestrian statue Horse Guards Road

51°30′18″N 0°07′39″W / 51.505°N 0.1275°W / 51.505; -0.1275 (Field Marshal Wolseley)

1920 Sir William Goscombe John
Unveiled 25 June 1920 by the Duke of Connaught. Goscombe John was awarded this commission on the strength of his equestrian bronze of Lord Tredegar in Cathays Park, Cardiff. Trafalgar Square was initially considered as the location for this statue. It was stored for safekeeping at Berkhamsted Castle, Hertfordshire, between 1941 and 1949.[415] Grade II
Lord Roberts of Kandahar statue, Horse Guards Parade.jpg
Field Marshal Frederick Roberts, 1st Earl Roberts
Category:Equestrian statue of the Earl Roberts in Horse Guards Parade, London on Wikimedia Commons
Equestrian statue Horse Guards Road

51°30′16″N 0°07′39″W / 51.5045°N 0.1274°W / 51.5045; -0.1274 (Field Marshal Roberts)

1924 Poole, HenryHenry Poole after Harry Bates Allison, RichardRichard Allison Unveiled 30 May 1924 by the Duke of Connaught.[416] A scaled-down replica of Bates’s 30-foot high bronze of Lord Roberts, erected in Calcutta in 1896. Another, earlier replica by Poole is in Kelvingrove Park, Glasgow.[417] Grade II
London, UK (August 2014) - 147.JPG
Royal Naval Division Memorial
Category:Royal Naval Division Memorial on Wikimedia Commons
Fountain with obelisk Horse Guards Road

51°30′19″N 0°07′44″W / 51.5054°N 0.129°W / 51.5054; -0.129 (Royal Naval Division Memorial)

1925 Broadbent, EricEric Broadbent and F. J. Wilcoxson Sir Edwin Lutyens Unveiled 25 April 1925 by Winston Churchill.[418] Inscribed with words from the poem "1914. III. The Dead" by Rupert Brooke, who served in the RND.[419] Put into storage 1939, re-erected outside the Old Royal Naval College at Greenwich in 1959, and returned to its original site in 2003.[418] Grade II
Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener Statue, Horse Guards Road, London.jpg
Field Marshal Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener
Category:Statue of Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener, London on Wikimedia Commons
Statue Horse Guards Road

51°30′14″N 0°07′41″W / 51.5039°N 0.128°W / 51.5039; -0.128 (Lord Kitchener)

1926 Tweed, JohnJohn Tweed
Unveiled 9 June 1926 by the Prince of Wales.[420] Set against a stone screen abutting the garden wall of 10 Downing Street.[421] A larger national memorial to Kitchener, the tomb designed by Sir William Reid Dick, had been erected in St Paul's Cathedral the previous year.[420] Grade II
Guards Division War Memorial.jpg
Guards Division War Memorial
Category:Guards Memorial, London on Wikimedia Commons
Memorial with sculpture Horse Guards Parade

51°30′16″N 0°07′46″W / 51.5045°N 0.1295°W / 51.5045; -0.1295 (Guards Division War Memorial)

1926 Ledward, GilbertGilbert Ledward Bradshaw, H. ChaltonH. Chalton Bradshaw Unveiled 16 October 1926. The bronze figures represent five individual soldiers from the Grenadier, Coldstream, Scots, Irish and Welsh Guards; they were cast from captured German guns. After it sustained bomb damage in the Blitz, Ledward asked that some of the "honourable scars of war" be left on the memorial.[422] Grade II
Earl Haig Memorial, Whitehall, London.jpg
Field Marshal Douglas Haig, 1st Earl Haig
Category:Earl Haig Memorial, Whitehall, London on Wikimedia Commons
Equestrian statue Whitehall

51°30′15″N 0°07′35″W / 51.5043°N 0.1263°W / 51.5043; -0.1263 (Earl Haig)

1937 Hardiman, Alfred FrankAlfred Frank Hardiman Pierce, Stephen RowlandStephen Rowland Pierce Unveiled 10 November 1937. The statue aroused great controversy, comparable even with the reaction to Epstein’s early works. The depiction of the horse was deemed to be unnatural; Country Life noted that its legs were in the position for urinating.[423] Grade II*
Bernard Montgomery Statue, Whitehall, London.jpg
Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery, 1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein