List of public art in the City of Westminster

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The equestrian statue of Charles I (Hubert Le Sueur, 1633) at Charing Cross. This is considered to be the official centre of London.

There are more than 350 public artworks in the City of Westminster, a borough in central London. Those discussed in this article include freestanding statues, busts and other kinds of permanent sculpture, memorials (excluding plaques without a sculptural element on buildings), fountains, murals, gates and exterior mosaics. Among the sculptors of note represented by works in the area are Auguste Rodin, Sir Alfred Gilbert, Sir Jacob Epstein, Henry Moore and Dame Elisabeth Frink. A separate article lists architectural sculpture in the borough.

There is more public sculpture in the City of Westminster than in any other area of London.[1] This reflects the borough's central location containing most of the West End, the political centres of Westminster and Whitehall and three of the Royal Parks (with parts of Regent's Park and Kensington Gardens), as well as London’s official centre at Charing Cross. Many of the most notable sites for commemoration in London lie within its boundaries, including Trafalgar Square (largely dedicated to military and naval leaders), Parliament Square (for British and foreign statesmen) and the Victoria Embankment. The Albert Memorial, considered to be one of the most ambitious artistic works of the Victorian era, was erected on the western edge of the modern borough. After World War I many memorials to the conflict were raised in the area, the most significant being the Grade I-listed Cenotaph in Whitehall. So great is the number of monuments in the borough that Westminster City Council has deemed an area stretching from Whitehall to St James's to be a "monument saturation zone", where the addition of new memorials is generally discouraged. The same restriction applies in Royal Parks within the borough.[2]

In addition to the permanent works which are the subject of this article, the City of Westminster is also host to several temporary displays of sculpture. The most prominent of these is at the Fourth plinth in Trafalgar Square, which has shown works by contemporary artists on rotation since 1999. Temporary displays of new sculpture can also be seen at the Economist Plaza in St James's and the courtyard of Burlington House (the Royal Academy) on Piccadilly. In 2010 Westminster City Council inaugurated the City of Sculpture project, which has seen contemporary sculpture installed in locations across the borough.[3]


Aldwych / Strand[edit]

Strand is the thoroughfare that has linked the City of London with Westminster since Saxon times;[4] Aldwych is a crescent at its eastern end created during urban improvements in the early 20th century. Among the architectural sculpture in this area, of particular note are Jacob Epstein’s reliefs of the Ages of Man for Zimbabwe House (formerly the British Medical Association building). These figures were the sculptor’s first major works in Britain and the subject of heated controversy due to their nudity in a public setting.[5] Much of the recent public art in this area was bequeathed to the London School of Economics in 2005 by Louis Odette, a Canadian alumnus of the university who also founded the Windsor Sculpture Park in Windsor, Ontario.[6]

Image Title / individual commemorated Type Location Date Artist Architect Notes Listing
George III and Father Thames.jpg George III and Father Thames
Category:Statue of George III, Somerset House, London on Wikimedia Commons
Sculptural groups Courtyard, Somerset House

51°30′41″N 0°07′03″W / 51.51133°N 0.11742°W / 51.51133; -0.11742 (George III and Father Thames)

1790c. 1790 Bacon, JohnJohn Bacon Sir William Chambers The King, in the upper group, leans on a rudder and is flanked by a British lion and the prow of a classical barge; the Thames is represented below him as a river god. The maritime theme refers both to the function of the building, as offices for the Royal Navy (among other institutions), and to the King himself as steering the ship of state.[7] Grade I
Statue of Gladstone, Strand, London.JPG Memorial to William Ewart Gladstone
Category:Gladstone Memorial, London on Wikimedia Commons
Memorial with statue and other sculpture Strand, in front of St Clement Danes

51°30′47″N 0°06′52″W / 51.51296°N 0.11458°W / 51.51296; -0.11458 (Gladstone Memorial)

1905 Sir Thornycroft, William HamoWilliam Hamo Thornycroft John Lee Unveiled 4 November 1905. Allegorical figures around the base represent Courage, Education, Aspiration and Brotherhood. Also represented are the arms of Gladstone’s constituencies, Midlothian, Oxford University, the Duchy of Lancaster and Newark.[8] Grade II
Samuel Johnson statue, St Clement Danes.jpg Johnson, SamuelSamuel Johnson
Category:Statue of Samuel Johnson, London on Wikimedia Commons
Statue Strand, behind St Clement Danes

51°30′48″N 0°06′49″W / 51.51321°N 0.11355°W / 51.51321; -0.11355 (Samuel Johnson)

1910 Fitzgerald, Percy HetheringtonPercy Hetherington Fitzgerald
Unveiled 4 August 1910. Fitzgerald was an amateur sculptor and something of a self-appointed authority on Dr Johnson, who was a parishioner of St Clement’s. A portrait medallion of James Boswell is set into the pedestal, which is a post-war replacement for the original.[9] Grade II
Memorial to the Civil Service Riflemen, Somerset House, London - geograph.org.uk - 1479801.jpg Civil Service Rifles War Memorial
Category:Civil Service Rifles War Memorial on Wikimedia Commons
Memorial River Terrace, Somerset House

51°30′37″N 0°07′03″W / 51.510328°N 0.117559°W / 51.510328; -0.117559 (Civil Service Rifles War Memorial)

1923
Sir Lutyens, EdwinEdwin Lutyens Unveiled 27 January 1924 in the centre of the courtyard of Somerset House; relocated in 2002. The painted stone flags are a feature that Lutyens originally intended to employ on the Cenotaph in Whitehall.[10] Grade II
Andrew Young memorial.jpg Memorial to Andrew Young Plaque with portrait relief Strand, rear of central block of Bush House

51°30′45″N 0°07′01″W / 51.512543°N 0.116864°W / 51.512543; -0.116864 (Andrew Young Memorial)

1924 Bradbury, EricEric Bradbury
Inscribed IN MEMORY OF/ ANDREW YOUNG F.S.I/ FIRST VALUER TO THE LONDON COUNTY COUNCIL/ 1884–1914/ HE LABOURED TO BEAUTIFY/ THE LONDON HE LOVED. Young oversaw the building of Aldwych and Kingsway in 1899–1905.[11]
LSE-mosa.jpg Mosaic Mosaic St Clement’s Building, Clare Market 1961 Wilson, Harry WarrenHarry Warren Wilson[12]
The mosaic represents the River Thames and subjects taught at the LSE.[13]
Lord Dowding - geograph.org.uk - 680493.jpg Air Chief Marshal Hugh Dowding, 1st Baron Dowding
Category:Hugh Dowding statue, London on Wikimedia Commons
Statue Strand, in front of St Clement Danes

51°30′47″N 0°06′51″W / 51.512929°N 0.114297°W / 51.512929; -0.114297 (Lord Dowding)

1988 Winter, FaithFaith Winter Hart, C. A.C. A. Hart Unveiled 30 October 1988 by the Queen Mother. The pose has been described as "deliberately unheroic".[14] St Clement Danes is the Central Church of the Royal Air Force.
Nehru bust, India Place, London.JPG Nehru, JawaharlalJawaharlal Nehru
Category:Memorial to Jawaharlal Nehru, London on Wikimedia Commons
Bust India Place

51°30′44″N 0°07′07″W / 51.512334°N 0.118485°W / 51.512334; -0.118485 (Jawaharlal Nehru)

1991 Katt, LatikaLatika Katt Leach Associates, PeterPeter Leach Associates Unveiled 14 November 1991 in India House.[15]
Statue of Sir Arthur Harris outside St Clement Danes.jpg Marshal of the Royal Air Force Sir Arthur Harris, 1st Baronet
Category:Arthur Harris, statue in London on Wikimedia Commons
Statue Strand, in front of St Clement Danes

51°30′47″N 0°06′52″W / 51.513079°N 0.114385°W / 51.513079; -0.114385 (Sir Arthur Harris)

1992 Winter, FaithFaith Winter Hart and Michael Goss, T.T. Hart and Michael Goss Unveiled 31 May 1992 by the Queen Mother. The decision to commemorate Harris ignited a major controversy, and was criticised by the mayors of Dresden and Cologne. The unveiling was met by a public protest.[16]
Eagle, LSE.JPG Eagle Sculpture Outside Tower One, London School of Economics

51°30′51″N 0°06′57″W / 51.514137°N 0.115782°W / 51.514137; -0.115782 (Eagle)

2000 Duquette, A.A. Duquette
A small bronze of an eagle′s head. This and the five works that follow are part of the Odette bequest of 2005 to the LSE.[6]
Salutation by Ralph Hicks, LSE.JPG Salutation Sculpture Near the Peacock Theatre, London School of Economics

51°30′52″N 0°07′03″W / 51.514412°N 0.117397°W / 51.514412; -0.117397 (Salutation)

2002 Hicks, RalphRalph Hicks
An abstracted representation, in stainless steel, of a human figure bowing its head to passersby. Another version is at the Windsor Sculpture Park.[17]
Elephant and LSE.jpg Baby Tembo
Category:Baby Tembo on Wikimedia Commons
Sculpture Clare Market, near London School of Economics

51°30′51″N 0°07′00″W / 51.514305°N 0.116742°W / 51.514305; -0.116742 (Baby Tembo)

2002 Hudson, Derrick StephanDerrick Stephan Hudson
This work and Yolanda vanderGaast’s Penguin were sited on Clare Market as the LSE crèche was at that time at the top of the street, and it was thought that these sculptures might appeal to children. The crèche has since moved.[6]
Three Fates, LSE.JPG Three Fates Sculpture Opposite Tower Three, London School of Economics

51°30′49″N 0°06′53″W / 51.513734°N 0.114852°W / 51.513734; -0.114852 (Three Fates)

2003 Katz, MortonMorton Katz[6]
Equus, LSE.JPG Equus Sculpture John Watkins Plaza

51°30′52″N 0°06′58″W / 51.514541°N 0.115981°W / 51.514541; -0.115981 (Equus)

2003 Sandys, EdwinaEdwina Sandys
A bronze copy of a smaller marble original of 1977, produced during the artist’s "Stone Age" period.[18]
Penguin, LSE.JPG Penguin Sculpture Clare Market, near London School of Economics

51°30′52″N 0°07′01″W / 51.514384°N 0.116814°W / 51.514384; -0.116814 (Penguin)

2009 vanderGaast, YolandaYolanda vanderGaast
VanderGaast′s original Penguin of 2002[6] stood in Clare Market from 2005. In 2009 it was stolen; the thieves left only the flippers behind. The replacement statue is more firmly secured to the ground than its predecessor.[19]

Bayswater[edit]

Bayswater is a largely residential district district north-west of Charing Cross, bordering with the northern end of Kensington Gardens. Its essential character is now defined by the stuccoed terraces erected from 1827 onwards, which spread in a westerly direction over the course of the 19th century.[20]

Image Title / individual commemorated Type Location Date Artist Architect Notes Listing
War memorial, St John's, Hyde Park Crescent W2.JPG War memorial Cross St John’s Church, Hyde Park Crescent

51°30′41″N 0°10′48″W / 51.511494°N 0.18012°W / 51.511494; -0.18012 (St John's, Hyde Park Crescent War memorial)

after 1919
Commemorates parishioners who died in World War I.[21]
Memorial Cross, Lancaster Gate.jpg Memorial Cross

Statues of Saints George, Louis, Maurice, Longinus, Adrian, Florian and Eustace

Memorial Lancaster Gate

51°30′41″N 0°10′48″W / 51.511494°N 0.18012°W / 51.511494; -0.18012 (Memorial Cross)

1921 Lawrence A. Turner Sir Walter Tapper Unveiled 27 March 1921. Commemorates residents of the Metropolitan Borough of Paddington who gave their lives in World War I. Severely damaged in the Great Storm of 1987. Re-erected on present site on 11 November 2002.[22]
Meath Memorial, Lancaster Gate.jpg Memorial to Reginald Brabazon, 12th Earl of Meath Memorial Lancaster Gate

51°30′40″N 0°10′48″W / 51.511222°N 0.180006°W / 51.511222; -0.180006 (Meath Memorial)

1934 Joseph Hermon Cawthra
Unveiled 24 May 1934.[23]
Our Lady Queen of Heaven Catholic Church, Bayswater.jpg Coronation of the Virgin Mosaic Our Lady Queen of Heaven, Queensway mid–late 20th century[24]
Donated by Mrs Catherine Weston. Built as the United Methodist Free Church, the church was converted to Catholic use in 1954.[25] Grade II (with church)
The Lancasters, Bayswater.jpg Tempesta Sculpture The Lancasters, Bayswater Road 2012 (unveiled) Helaine Blumenfeld
Unveiled 2 May 2012. Carved from Carrara marble at Studio Sem in Pietrasanta, Tuscany, the work stands at 4m high.[26]

Belgravia[edit]

Part of Belgravia lies outside the City of Westminster; for works not listed here see the List of public art in Kensington and Chelsea.

Belgravia is predominantly residential district, laid out in the 1820s by Thomas Cubitt and Thomas Cundy, with a high concentration of embassies and diplomatic buildings.[27] These have determined the character of much of the public art in the area, particularly in Belgrave Square, where most of the works are associated with the Latin American countries whose embassies are on the square.[28]

Image Title / individual commemorated Type Location Date Artist Architect Notes Listing
Drinking Fountain - geograph.org.uk - 1305384.jpg Memorial to Richard Grosvenor, 2nd Marquess of Westminster Drinking fountain Junction of Pimlico Road and Avery Farm Row

51°29′28″N 0°09′01″W / 51.4911°N 0.1503°W / 51.4911; -0.1503 (Memorial Fountain to the 2nd Marquess of Westminster)

c. 1870
An Italian Renaissance-style drinking fountain of Portland stone and granite, with mosaic panels.[29] Grade II
Fountainhead Sculpture Halkin Arcade[30]

51°29′57″N 0°09′26″W / 51.499281°N 0.157152°W / 51.499281; -0.157152 (Fountainhead)

1971 Geoffrey Wickham
Commissioned by Sotheby's, this work won the Royal British Society of Sculptors’ Silver Medal in 1972 for the most distinguished new sculpture in London.[31]
Bolivar statue, Belgrave Square, Belgravia - DSC05405.JPG Simón Bolívar
Category:Statue of Simón Bolívar in London on Wikimedia Commons
Statue Belgrave Square

51°29′57″N 0°09′08″W / 51.499227°N 0.152213°W / 51.499227; -0.152213 (Memorial Fountain to the 2nd Marquess of Westminster)

1974 Hugo Daini
Unveiled by James Callaghan, then Foreign Secretary, and the Venezuelan president Rafael Caldera. The statue of Bolívar in London is said to represent him as a maker of constitutions, in contrast to those in Madrid, Rome and Paris, which are equestrian. The quotation on the pedestal stresses his admiration for British institutions: I am convinced that England alone is capable of protecting the world's precious rights as she is great, glorious and wise.[32]
Great Flora L, Chesham Place SW1.JPG Great Flora L Sculpture Chesham Place

51°29′52″N 0°09′17″W / 51.497688°N 0.154759°W / 51.497688; -0.154759 (Great Flora L)

1978 Fritz Koenig
The sculpture stands outside the extension to the German Embassy, with which it is contemporary.[33] It was conceived as "a fragile ‘call-sign’ in the heart of the surging metropolis".[34] Flora I, a work by the same artist, is in the garden of the German Chancellery in Berlin.[35]
Hercules, Ormonde Place SW1.JPG Hercules Statue Ormonde Place

51°29′27″N 0°09′14″W / 51.490910°N 0.153946°W / 51.490910; -0.153946 (Hercules)

1981 (erected)
A small, bronze replica of the Farnese Hercules. Pedestal inscribed HERCULES/ THIS STATUE IS EXHIBITED/ BY WATES LIMITED/ MAY 1981.
Homage to Leonardo, Belgrave Square, London.JPG Homage to Leonardo: the Vitruvian Man
Category:Homage to Leonardo by Enzo Plazzotta on Wikimedia Commons

Leonardo da Vinci

Sculpture Belgrave Square Gardens 1982 Enzo Plazzotta and Mark Holloway
Based on Leonardo’s drawing of the Vitruvian Man. Completed by Holloway, Plazzotta’s studio assistant, after the elder sculptor’s death in 1981. Funded by the American construction magnate John M. Harbert.[36]
Columbus statue, Belgrave Square, Belgravia - DSC05408.JPG Christopher Columbus
Category:Statue of Christopher Columbus, London on Wikimedia Commons
Statue Belgrave Square

51°29′54″N 0°09′13″W / 51.49846°N 0.153569°W / 51.49846; -0.153569 (Christopher Columbus)

1992 Tomás Bañuelos
Given by the people of Spain in commemoration of the 500th anniversary of Columbus's voyage. His birth date is mistakenly given as 1446 on the pedestal.[37]
Statue Of José de San Martín-Belgrave Square.jpg General José de San Martín Statue Belgrave Square

51°30′00″N 0°09′13″W / 51.500002°N 0.153511°W / 51.500002; -0.153511 (José de San Martín)

1994 Juan Carlos Ferraro
A gift of the Anglo-Argentine community in Argentina, unveiled by the Duke of Edinburgh.[38] San Martín is depicted in general’s uniform with his bicorne hat held casually in his right hand, while in his left he holds a trailing sword below the hilt. An inscriptions reads His name represents democracy, justice and liberty.[39]
Statue of Mozart, Orange Square SW1.JPG Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Category:Statue of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, London on Wikimedia Commons
Statue Orange Square, corner of Ebury Street and Pimlico Road

51°29′27″N 0°09′10″W / 51.490797°N 0.152896°W / 51.490797; -0.152896 (Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart)

1994 Philip Jackson
The composer is depicted aged 8, when he stayed in a house on Ebury Street for the summer and autumn of 1764; he wrote his first two symphonies there. The statue was proposed to mark the bicentenary of Mozart’s death in 1991.[40]
Robert Grosvenor statue, Westminster, London.JPG Robert Grosvenor, 1st Marquess of Westminster Statue Wilton Crescent

51°30′01″N 0°09′14″W / 51.500386°N 0.153760°W / 51.500386; -0.153760 (Robert Grosvenor, 1st Marquess of Westminster)

1998 Jonathan Wylder
The developer of Belgravia is shown studying plans of the area, his foot resting on a milestone inscribed CHESTER/ 197/ MILES, a reference to his estate at Eaton Hall in Cheshire. On either side sit two talbots, the supporters from his coat of arms.[41] An inscription on the pedestal reads When we build, let us think we build for ever – a slight misquotation from John Ruskin’s Seven Lamps of Architecture (1849).[42]
Armillary sphere in Belgrave Square, London.jpg Armillary sphere Armillary sphere Belgrave Square 2000
A gift from the Duke of Westminster to mark the beginning of the third millennium. The inscription on the rim is taken from William Blake’s "Auguries of Innocence" (1803): To see a world in a grain of sand and a heaven in a wild flower, hold infinity in the palm of your hand and eternity in an hour.[43]
Statue Of Prince Henry The Navigator-Belgrave Square.jpg Prince Henry the Navigator Statue Belgrave Square

51°29′57″N 0°09′17″W / 51.499206°N 0.154855°W / 51.499206; -0.154855 (Robert Grosvenor, 1st Marquess of Westminster)

2002 (erected) after José Simões de Almeida (the younger)
Unveiled 12 February 2002 by Jorge Sampaio, the President of Portugal.[44] A cast of a statue in Vila Franca do Campo on São Miguel Island, erected in 1932 to commemorate the quincentenary of the arrival of the Portuguese to the Azores.[45] The Portuguese Embassy is at 11 Belgrave Square.[46]
Bust of George Basevi, Belgrave Square Gardens SW1.JPG George Basevi Bust Belgrave Square Gardens

51°29′56″N 0°09′11″W / 51.498864°N 0.152937°W / 51.498864; -0.152937 (George Basevi)

2002 Jonathan Wylder[47]
Basevi was responsible for the design and construction of Belgrave Square in 1825–40.[48]

Charing Cross / Trafalgar Square[edit]

Charing Cross, at the junction of Strand and Whitehall, was the site of the first public monument in what is now the City of Westminster,[1] the Eleanor cross (q.v.) commissioned by Edward I late in the 13th century in memory of his queen, Eleanor of Castile. Destroyed by order of the Long Parliament in 1647,[49] the cross was replaced after the Restoration by the equestrian statue of Charles I by Hubert Le Sueur, the oldest public sculpture now standing in the borough. In 1865 a fanciful replica of the cross was erected in the forecourt of Charing Cross railway station, some distance away from the site of the original. Charing Cross was declared the official centre of London in 1831[50] and a plaque marking this status was installed near Le Sueur’s statue in 1955.[51]

Immediately to the north of Charing Cross lies Trafalgar Square, one of London’s most famous public spaces. Conceived in 1812 as part of John Nash’s urban improvements, the square was initially developed from the 1820s onwards.[52] Its centrepiece, Nelson's Column, was constructed in 1839–42. Charles Barry’s 1840 redesign of the square provided plinths for equestrian monuments to George IV and William IV, but sufficient funds were never raised for the latter statue.[53] Most of the memorials since added have had a military or naval flavour, an exception being the statue of the physician Edward Jenner (q.v.), erected in 1858 but moved to Kensington Gardens only four years later. Another work which originally stood on the square is Hamo Thornycroft’s statue of General Gordon (q.v.); this was removed during World War II and reinstalled on the Victoria Embankment in 1953. Since 1999 the formerly empty fourth plinth has become London’s most prominent showcase for temporary new sculpture.[54]

Image Title / individual commemorated Type Location Date Artist / Designer Architect Notes Listing
Statue of King Charles I, Trafalgar Square - geograph.org.uk - 396971.jpg Charles I
Category:Equestrian statue of Charles I, Charing Cross on Wikimedia Commons
Equestrian statue Charing Cross

51°30′26″N 0°07′40″W / 51.50732°N 0.12770°W / 51.50732; -0.12770 (Charles I)

1633 Le Sueur, HubertHubert Le Sueur Sir Wren, ChristopherChristopher Wren The earliest Renaissance-style equestrian statue in England. Originally commissioned in 1630 by Charles I’s Lord High Treasurer, Lord Richard Weston, for his estate in Roehampton (then in Surrey). Erected on the site of the Charing Cross in 1674–5, when it was set on its current pedestal.[55] The reliefs were carved by Joshua Marshall, Master Mason to Charles II.[56] Grade I
Statue of James II, Trafalgar Square 02.JPG James II
Category:Statue of James II in Trafalgar Square on Wikimedia Commons
Statue Lawn in front of the National Gallery, Trafalgar Square

51°30′30″N 0°07′45″W / 51.50847°N 0.12906°W / 51.50847; -0.12906 (James II)

1686 Gibbons, GrinlingGrinling Gibbons with Pierre van Dievoet, Laurence Vandermeulen and Thomas Benniere
Commissioned by the royal servant Tobias Rustat for a site outside the Palace of Whitehall. One of three statues of Stuart monarchs commissioned by him, the others being those of Charles II at the Chelsea Royal Hospital and Windsor Castle. Erected on present site in 1946.[57] Grade I
Statue of King George IV in Trafalgar Square, London (cropped).jpg George IV
Category:Statue of George IV of the United Kingdom in Trafalgar Square on Wikimedia Commons
Equestrian statue North-eastern plinth, Trafalgar Square

51°30′30″N 0°07′39″W / 51.50834°N 0.12761°W / 51.50834; -0.12761 (George IV)

1830 Sir Chantrey, Francis LegattFrancis Legatt Chantrey Sir Barry, CharlesCharles Barry Originally intended to be the crowning feature of Marble Arch, the decorative scheme of which was cut back after George IV’s death. It still had no home after Chantrey’s death in 1843 and in December of that year it was erected in the newly laid-out Trafalgar Square.[58] Grade II
Londres - Columna de Nelson.JPG Nelson's Column
Admiral Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson
Category:Nelson's Column on Wikimedia Commons
Statue on column Centre of Trafalgar Square

51°30′28″N 0°07′41″W / 51.50772°N 0.12794°W / 51.50772; -0.12794 (Admiral Lord Nelson)

1839–42 Baily, Edward HodgesEdward Hodges Baily Railton, WilliamWilliam Railton Nelson is portrayed without an eyepatch, but is unidealised by the standards of the time. The figure is given stability by the coil of rope behind. Portland stone was chosen over bronze as the statue then "would not be resorted to as plunder in revolutions".[59] Grade I
Nelson's column - Death of Nelson at Trafalgar relief.jpg The Battle of Trafalgar or The Death of Nelson Bas-relief South face of pedestal of Nelson’s Column 1846–9 Carew, John EdwardJohn Edward Carew
Nelson is depicted immediately after receiving his mortal wound; Captain Hardy turns back towards him whilst sailors to the left take aim at the marksman who dealt the blow. Inscribed at the bottom ENGLAND EXPECTS EVERY MAN WILL DO HIS DUTY.[60] Grade I
Nelson's column - Battle of the Nile relief (Edward Carew, 1850).jpg The Battle of the Nile Bas-relief North face of pedestal of Nelson’s Column 1846–50 Woodington, William F.William F. Woodington
Nelson has been taken below deck after being wounded in the head during the attack on the French fleet in Abu Qir Bay. Captain Edward Berry stands by his side.[61] Grade I
Nelson's column - Battle of Copenhagen relief.jpg The Bombardment of Copenhagen Bas-relief East face of pedestal of Nelson’s Column 1846–54 Ternouth, JohnJohn Ternouth
Nelson, on board his flagship HMS Elephant, applies his seal to an ultimatum directed at the Crown Prince of Denmark. The city of Copenhagen is visible in the background.[62] Grade I
Nelson's column - Battle of Cape St Vincent relief (Musgrave Watson).jpg The Battle of Cape St. Vincent Bas-relief West face of pedestal of Nelson’s Column 1846–54 Musgrave Watson and William F. Woodington
Nelson is on board a Spanish ship, the San Nicolas. A Spanish officer kneels in front of Nelson, surrendering the swords of his fellow officers. Watson died in 1847 before he could complete the work.[63] Grade I
Statue of General Sir Charles James Napier in Trafalgar Square.jpg General Charles James Napier
Category:Statue of Charles James Napier, Trafalgar Square on Wikimedia Commons
Statue South-western plinth, Trafalgar Square

51°30′28″N 0°07′43″W / 51.50773°N 0.12857°W / 51.50773; -0.12857 (Charles James Napier)

1855 Adams, George GammonGeorge Gammon Adams
Unveiled 26 November 1856. Napier holds a scroll out in his right hand, a gesture which symbolises the giving of government to Sindh. The statue was much criticised, The Art Journal calling it "perhaps the worst piece of sculpture in England".[64] Grade II
Statue of Major General Sir Henry Havelock in Trafalgar Square.jpg Major-General Sir Henry Havelock
Category:Statue of Henry Havelock in Trafalgar Square on Wikimedia Commons
Statue South-eastern plinth, Trafalgar Square

51°30′29″N 0°07′39″W / 51.50792°N 0.1274°W / 51.50792; -0.1274 (Henry Havelock)

1861 Behnes, WilliamWilliam Behnes
Unveiled 10 April 1861. The pedestal inscribed at the front with a quotation from one of Havelock’s pre-battle speeches, and to the rear with a list of British and Indian regiments commanded by him during the Indian Mutiny. This was the first statue ever to be modelled from a photograph.[65] Grade II
Charing Cross Memorial 3 (5821600033).jpg Queen Eleanor Memorial Cross
Eleanor of Castile
Category:Eleanor cross, Charing Cross on Wikimedia Commons
Memorial with sculpture Forecourt of Charing Cross railway station

51°30′30″N 0°07′31″W / 51.50842°N 0.12536°W / 51.50842; -0.12536 (Eleanor Cross)

1865 Earp, ThomasThomas Earp Barry, Edward MiddletonEdward Middleton Barry A replica (with some artistic license) of the original Eleanor cross at Charing, with some details inspired by the Oxford Martyrs’ Memorial. It stands some distance away from the original location of the Charing Cross.[66] Grade II*
Trafalgar square lion.JPG Four Lions
Category:Statues of lions at Nelson's Column on Wikimedia Commons
Statues At the foot of Nelson’s Column

51°30′28″N 0°07′41″W / 51.507835°N 0.128128°W / 51.507835; -0.128128 (Lion)
51°30′28″N 0°07′40″W / 51.507888°N 0.127808°W / 51.507888; -0.127808 (Lion)
51°30′27″N 0°07′41″W / 51.507635°N 0.128044°W / 51.507635; -0.128044 (Lion)
51°30′28″N 0°07′40″W / 51.507689°N 0.127723°W / 51.507689; -0.127723 (Lion)

1867 Sir Landseer, EdwinEdwin Landseer
Unveiled 31 January 1867. Landseer, an animal painter with no previous experience in sculpture, was assisted by Carlo Marochetti.[67] Grade I
John Law Baker Memorial Drinking Fountain.JPG Baker, John LawJohn Law Baker Memorial Drinking Fountain Drinking fountain with sculpture Churchyard of St Martin-in-the-Fields

51°30′31″N 0°07′35″W / 51.5087°N 0.1263°W / 51.5087; -0.1263 (John Law Baker Memorial Drinking Fountain)

1886
A truncated fluted column with lion’s-head fountains on two sides, their basins now filled in. Inscribed IN MEMORY OF JOHN LAW BAKER/ FORMERLY OF THE MADRAS ARMY/ BORN 1789 – DIED 1886.[68] Grade II
Fountain St Martin in the Fields night.jpg Humphry, William GilsonWilliam Gilson Humphry Memorial Drinking Fountain Drinking fountain Adelaide Street, adjacent to corner with Duncannon Street

51°30′31″N 0°07′33″W / 51.508702°N 0.125972°W / 51.508702; -0.125972 (Edith Cavell)

1886
A basic granite drinking fountain set into the churchyard wall of St Martin’s, where Humphry was vicar from 1815 until his death in 1886. Restored with a replica bronze lion mash spout in about 1989, but this is no longer visible on the memorial.[69] No listing, but wall and railings listed Grade I
Edith cavell statue London.JPG Memorial to Edith Cavell
Category:Edith Cavell Memorial, London on Wikimedia Commons
Pylon with sculpture St Martin’s Place

51°30′34″N 0°07′38″W / 51.50934°N 0.12722°W / 51.50934; -0.12722 (Edith Cavell)

1920 Sir Frampton, GeorgeGeorge Frampton
Unveiled 17 March 1920 by Queen Alexandra. The earliest World War I memorial project in England; plans for it began soon after Cavell’s death in 1915. The inscription FOR KING AND COUNTRY was felt to be a travesty of Cavell’s beliefs; in 1924 another was added with her words, PATRIOTISM IS NOT ENOUGH/ I MUST HAVE NO HATRED OR/ BITTERNESS FOR ANYONE.[70] Grade II
Statue of George Washington, Trafalgar Square 02.JPG Washington, GeorgeGeorge Washington
Category:Statue of George Washington, Trafalgar Square, London on Wikimedia Commons
Statue Lawn in front of the National Gallery, Trafalgar Square

51°30′31″N 0°07′39″W / 51.508720°N 0.127590°W / 51.508720; -0.127590 (George Washington)

1921 after Jean-Antoine Houdon
Unveiled 30 June 1921. A bronze cast of Houdon's 1796 marble statue for the Virginia State Capitol. The state of Virginia offered the cast to London in 1914 to mark the centenary of the Treaty of Ghent, and thus of Anglo-American peace.[71] Grade II
Fountain at Trafalgar Square, London - geograph.org.uk - 224488.jpg

Bust of Jellicoe in Trafalgar Square.jpg

Memorial to Admiral of the Fleet John Jellicoe, 1st Earl Jellicoe Bust, and fountain with two sculptural groups Western fountain and balustrade of Trafalgar Square

51°30′29″N 0°07′42″W / 51.508001°N 0.128388°W / 51.508001; -0.128388 (Jellicoe Memorial Fountain)
51°30′30″N 0°07′40″W / 51.508342°N 0.127839°W / 51.508342; -0.127839 (Lord Jellicoe)

1948 Sir Wheeler, CharlesCharles Wheeler Sir Lutyens, EdwinEdwin Lutyens The Jellicoe and Beatty memorials were unveiled on 21 October 1948 (Trafalgar Day) by the Duke of Gloucester. They were adapted from the fountains designed by Sir Charles Barry and installed in 1845; Lutyens retained Barry’s cusped quatrefoil-shaped basins and added the vase-shaped central fountains. Each memorial consists of a fountain with a bronze sculptural group and a bust of the admiral in question. During the 2003 refurbishment of the square the busts were moved to the eastern side of the new steps; they previously faced their associated fountains.[72] Grade II*
Trafalgar Square - geograph.org.uk - 811363.jpg

Statue of Beatty in Trafalgar Square.jpg

Memorial to Admiral of the Fleet David Beatty, 1st Earl Beatty Bust, and fountain with two sculptural groups Eastern fountain and balustrade of Trafalgar Square

51°30′29″N 0°07′40″W / 51.508118°N 0.127691°W / 51.508118; -0.127691 (Beatty Memorial Fountain)
51°30′30″N 0°07′40″W / 51.508363°N 0.127714°W / 51.508363; -0.127714 (Lord Beatty)

1948 McMillan, WilliamWilliam McMillan Sir Lutyens, EdwinEdwin Lutyens A square plaque near the centre of the square marks the dedication of the fountains:

THESE FOUNTAINS AND/ THE BUSTS AGAINST THE/ NORTH WALL OF THE/ SQUARE WERE ERECTED/ BY PARLIAMENT TO THE/ MEMORY OF THE ADMIRALS OF/ THE FLEET EARL JELLICOE/ AND EARL BEATTY TO THE/ END THAT THEIR ILLUSTRIOUS/ SERVICES TO THE STATE/ MIGHT NEVER BE FORGOTTEN[73]

Grade II*
Andrew Cunningham, Trafalgar Square.JPG Admiral of the Fleet Andrew Cunningham, 1st Viscount Cunningham of Hyndhope Bust Balustrade of Trafalgar Square

51°30′30″N 0°07′41″W / 51.508323°N 0.127966°W / 51.508323; -0.127966 (Lord Cunningham)

1967 Belsky, FrantaFranta Belsky
Unveiled 2 April 1967 by the Duke of Edinburgh. The bust contains a half-pint bottle of Guinness and a note written by the sculptor.[74]
Copyright crystal grey.png Platform murals Murals Charing Cross tube station 1979 Gentleman, DavidDavid Gentleman
The murals on the Northern line platforms depict the construction of the medieval Charing Cross; they are reproduced from woodcuts by Gentleman at twenty times their original size.[75] The murals for the Jubilee and Bakerloo lines feature photographs of Nelson’s Column and paintings in the National Gallery.[76]
Tile murals Tile murals Subway under Trafalgar Square 1992[12] FreeForm Arts Trust
A scheme depicting scenes from the history of Trafalgar Square.[77]
A Conversation With Oscar Wilde - London - 240404.jpg A Conversation with Oscar Wilde Memorial with sculpture Adelaide Street, near St Martin-in-the-Fields

51°30′32″N 0°07′33″W / 51.508759°N 0.125920°W / 51.508759; -0.125920 (A Conversation with Oscar Wilde)

1998 Hambling, MaggiMaggi Hambling
Unveiled 30 November 1998. A bronze sculpture of Wilde's head and hand (complete with cigarette) emerges from a granite, coffin-shaped plinth. Inscribed with a quotation from Lady Windermere's Fan (1892), We are all/ in the gutter/ but some of us/ are looking at/ the stars.[78]
The Christ Child, St Martin-in-the-Fields.jpg In the Beginning
Category:In the Beginning (sculpture) on Wikimedia Commons
Sculpture Portico of St Martin-in-the-Fields

51°30′32″N 0°07′37″W / 51.508774°N 0.127062°W / 51.508774; -0.127062 (In the Beginning)

1999 Chapman, MichaelMichael Chapman
A relief of a newborn baby with the umbilical cord still uncut, seemingly emerging from a block of Portland stone. The inscription running around the sides reads IN THE BEGINNING/ WAS THE WORD – AND THE/ WORD BECAME FLESH/ AND LIVED AMONG US/ St John 1:1,14.[79]
St Martin in the Fields , top of the lightwell - geograph.org.uk - 1528629.jpg Light well

Natalie Skilbeck

Inscription around balustrade North of St Martin-in-the-Fields

51°30′33″N 0°07′34″W / 51.509047°N 0.126142°W / 51.509047; -0.126142 (Light well)

2008 Perkins, TomTom Perkins (lettering) Parry, EricEric Parry Inscribed with a poem by Andrew Motion in stainless steel letters, individually cast.[80][81] Natalie Skilbeck was a traveller on her gap year killed in a road accident in Mauritius in 2004.[82]

Covent Garden[edit]

Part of Covent Garden lies outside the City of Westminster; for works not listed here, see the List of public art in Camden.

Covent Garden, noted for its former fruit and vegetable market which is now a shopping and entertainment area,[83] is a district on the eastern edge of the West End, between St Martin’s Lane and Drury Lane.

Image Title / individual commemorated Type Location Date Sculptor Architect / Designer Notes Listing
Young Dancer Statue, Covent Garden, London.jpg Young Dancer Statue Broad Court, off Bow Street

51°30′49″N 0°07′21″W / 51.513640°N 0.122503°W / 51.513640; -0.122503 (Young Dancer)

1988 Enzo Plazzotta
Unveiled 16 May 1988. A gift to Westminster Council by the sculptor’s estate.[84]
Neptune Fountain, St Pauls Church, Covent Garden.JPG Neptune Fountain Fountain with sculpture Churchyard of St Paul's, Covent Garden

51°30′41″N 0°07′25″W / 51.511466°N 0.123514°W / 51.511466; -0.123514 (Neptune Fountain)

1995 Philip Thomason Donald Insall Part of the southern gate of the church, reconstructed to Inigo Jones’s design after it had been removed in 1877. The material used is a very close match to Coade stone,[85] the recipe for which has been lost.
Agatha Christie at Great Newport Street.jpg Memorial to Agatha Christie Memorial with sculpture Corner of Great Newport Street and Cranbourn Street

51°30′42″N 0°07′39″W / 51.511802°N 0.127366°W / 51.511802; -0.127366 (Agatha Christie Memorial)

2012 Ben Twiston-Davies
Unveiled 18 November 2012. Marks the 60th year of the run of Christie’s play The Mousetrap, the longest in theatrical history, which is staged nearby at St Martin's Theatre. The memorial takes the form of a book as Christie is also the world’s best-selling novelist.[86] Miss Marple, Hercule Poirot, the Orient Express and a country house are depicted in relief on the book’s cover.[87]

Fitzrovia[edit]

Part of Fitzrovia lies outside the City of Westminster; for works not listed here see the List of public art in Camden.

Fitzrovia, so named since the 1930s when it became a haunt for bohemians,[88] is situated to the north of Soho and east of Marylebone. Its eastern part is in the London Borough of Camden.[89]

Image Title / individual commemorated Type Location Date Artist Architect / Designer Notes Listing
Copyright crystal grey.png Fitzrovia Mural Mural Whitfield Gardens

51°31′15″N 0°08′06″W / 51.520765°N 0.135089°W / 51.520765; -0.135089 (Fitzrovia Mural)

1980 Simon Barber and Mick Jones
Barber painted the bottom half and Jones (son of the trade unionist Jack Jones) the top half of the mural, which depicts "various unnamed characters of Fitzrovia and greedy speculators". As of 2013 the work was in poor condition.[90]
Untitled by Ben Joiner, New Cavendish Street W1.JPG Untitled Sculptures Forecourt of the University of Westminster’s Cavendish Campus, New Cavendish Street

51°31′15″N 0°08′23″W / 51.520739°N 0.139735°W / 51.520739; -0.139735 (Untitled)

2001–4 Ben Joiner Rock Townsend Seven sculptures of varying degrees of abstraction, two of which are recognisable as flasks and one other as a funnel. They relate to the activities taking place inside the building behind, which houses the university’s department of Bio sciences.[91]
Copyright crystal grey.png If Graffiti Changed Anything Mural Clipstone Street

51°31′17″N 0°08′24″W / 51.521447°N 0.140088°W / 51.521447; -0.140088 (If Graffiti Changed Anything)

2011 Banksy
The phrase is based on a quotation from the anarchist Emma Goldman: "If voting changed anything, it would be illegal".[92] In the years since its creation the work has been covered by a Perspex sheet and has attracted other graffiti.[93]

Green Park[edit]

Green Park is one of London’s Royal Parks and lies between Hyde Park and St James’s Park. Much of the present landscaping is the result of remodelling by John Nash in the 1820s, and the park had been cleared of its buildings, dating to the time of Queen Caroline, by 1855.[94] The installation of the Canada Memorial in the park in 1994 marked the end of a traditional reluctance by government to site memorials in the Royal Parks,[95] and since then two further war memorials have been added, with the second (dedicated to the memory of RAF Bomber Command) drawing criticism for "the un-greening of this section of Green Park".[96]

Image Title / individual commemorated Type Location Date Artist Architect / Designer Notes Listing
Green park gates on Piccadilly (February 2010) 1.jpg Gates Gates and piers Piccadilly

51°30′21″N 0°08′41″W / 51.505712°N 0.144617°W / 51.505712; -0.144617 (Gates)

early 18th century
Wrought-iron gates with piers in the Palladian style, originally from a house at Turnham Green belonging to Lord Heathfield. When this was demolished in 1837 they were bought for Chiswick House, but in 1897 they were removed to Devonshire House, which was owned by the same family. This in turn was demolished in 1921, after which the gates were moved to their present site.[97] Grade II*
Diana Fountain Green Park London.jpg Diana Drinking fountain with sculpture Near the entrance of Green Park tube station

51°30′23″N 0°08′32″W / 51.506326°N 0.142259°W / 51.506326; -0.142259 (Diana)

1951 Estcourt James (Jim) Clack
Unveiled 30 June 1954 on the site of an earlier fountain by Sydney Smirke. The new work was a gift of the Constance Fund, a trust fund set up in accordance with the wishes of the artist Sigismund Goetze to commission sculpture for London’s parks.[98] The fountain was moved to its current, more prominent position in 2011, when some gilding was added.[99]
Copyright crystal grey.png Leaves Tile motif Green Park, Victoria line and Jubilee line platforms 1979 June Fraser
Fraser’s tiling scheme in bright red and green replaced (on the Victoria line platforms)[100] an abstract design of 1969 by Hans Unger, representing a bird’s-eye view of trees in Green Park.[101]
Canada Memorial - war memorial in Green Park, London - Pierre Granche.jpg Canada Memorial
Category:Canada Memorial, London on Wikimedia Commons
Memorial Green Park

51°30′10″N 0°08′33″W / 51.502888°N 0.142622°W / 51.502888; -0.142622 (Canada Memorial)

1994 Pierre Granche Ove Arup and Partners Unveiled 3 June 1994 by Queen Elizabeth II.[102] A pyramid of Canadian granite bisected by a passageway, forming the shape of an arrow pointing from Halifax, Nova Scotia, whence Canadian soldiers sailed for London in order to fight in both world wars. Inscribed bilingually in English and French.[103]
Memorial Gates, Constitution Hill - geograph.org.uk - 1010664.jpg Memorial Gates
Category:Memorial Gates, Constitution Hill on Wikimedia Commons
Four stone pillars supporting lamps and, nearby, a chhatri Constitution Hill

51°30′09″N 0°08′57″W / 51.5025°N 0.1491°W / 51.5025; -0.1491 (Memorial Gates)

2002
Liam O'Connor Unveiled 6 November 2002 by Queen Elizabeth II. Inscribed IN MEMORY OF/ THE FIVE MILLION/ VOLUNTEERS FROM/ THE INDIAN/ SUB-CONTINENT/ AFRICA AND/ THE CARIBBEAN/ WHO FOUGHT WITH/ BRITAIN IN THE TWO/ WORLD WARS.[104]
Watering Holes, Green Park, London.JPG Watering Holes Sculptural Drinking Fountain Green Park

51°30′17″N 0°08′44″W / 51.504707°N 0.14544°W / 51.504707; -0.14544 (Watering Holes)

2012 Robin Monotti and Mark Titman Unveiled May 2012. One of two winners of a Tiffany & Co Foundation sponsored Royal Parks Foundation international competition to design "a new, top-quality, low-cost, model drinking fountain", the other being the Trumpet fountain installed in Kensington Gardens.[105]
RAF Bomber Command Memorial, Green Park.JPG RAF Bomber Command Memorial
Category:RAF Bomber Command Memorial on Wikimedia Commons
Sculptural group inside pavilion Green Park

51°30′12″N 0°08′56″W / 51.503333°N 0.148889°W / 51.503333; -0.148889 (RAF Bomber Command Memorial)

2012 Philip Jackson Liam O'Connor Unveiled 28 June 2012 by Queen Elizabeth II. The memorial is classical in style, but its roof is lined with aluminium from a Halifax bomber, behind a stainless steel lattice inspired by the geodesic fuselage construction of Wellington bombers.[106]

Hyde Park[edit]

Hyde Park, a Royal Park since 1536, covers an area of over 350 acres.[107] Its present landscaping dates largely to the 18th century, when Queen Caroline introduced the Serpentine among other features, and to the 1820s, when Decimus Burton made improvements including the park’s triumphal entrance at Wellington Arch.[108] This was originally crowned with a colossal equestrian statue of the Duke of Wellington, removed later in the 19th century (q.v.). In the immediate vicinity of the arch, at Hyde Park Corner, there is a high concentration of military memorials.[28]

Image Title / individual commemorated Type Location Date Artist Architect / Designer / Landscape architect Notes Listing
Richard Westmacott - Wellington Monument 1822 - Achilles.jpg Wellington Monument
Category:Achilles, Hyde Park on Wikimedia Commons

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

Statue Off Park Lane

51°30′16″N 0°09′10″W / 51.5045°N 0.1527°W / 51.5045; -0.1527 (Achilles)

1822 Sir Westmacott, RichardRichard Westmacott
Unveiled 18 June 1822. Wellington is represented symbolically by the hero Achilles, although the head is said to be modelled on the Duke’s.[109] The statue, partly inspired by the classical sculptures of the Dioscuri on the Quirinal Hill in Rome, was cast from captured French cannon.[110] The first public nude statue in London since antiquity.[109] Grade II
Dell Megalith, Hyde Park.jpg Dell Megalith Former drinking fountain The Dell, Hyde Park

51°30′16″N 0°09′33″W / 51.504409°N 0.159237°W / 51.504409; -0.159237 (Dell Megalith)

1861
John Thomas The remains of a drinking fountain originally formed of several large blocks of granite, possibly quarried at Moorswater, Cornwall. This became defunct in 1887 and only a single stone was still standing by 1900.[111]
Boy and Dolphin (1863) in the rose garden, Hyde Park Corner, London (3794419310).jpg Boy and Dolphin Fountain with sculpture Rose Garden, South Carriage Drive

51°30′13″N 0°09′17″W / 51.5036°N 0.1546°W / 51.5036; -0.1546 (Boy with Dolphin)

1863 Munro, AlexanderAlexander Munro
Moved in 1962 from Hyde Park to the Broad Walk, Regent’s Park. Returned to Hyde Park in 1994, in a different location from its original setting.[112] Grade II
Conduit Hyde Park.jpg Conduit House Memorial Urn on pedestal Serpentine Road

51°30′18″N 0°09′34″W / 51.5050°N 0.1595°W / 51.5050; -0.1595 (Conduit House Memorial)

1871
Marks the site of a conduit house which supplied the precinct of Westminster with water until the spring was cut off by drainage works in 1861. The building was demolished in 1868.[113] Grade II
Byron Statue - geograph.org.uk - 1574255.jpg Byron, George Gordon Byron, 6th BaronGeorge Gordon Byron, 6th Baron Byron
Category:Statue of Lord Byron, Hyde Park Corner on Wikimedia Commons
Statue Achilles Way traffic island, Park Lane

51°30′15″N 0°09′06″W / 51.5043°N 0.1518°W / 51.5043; -0.1518 (Lord Byron)

1880 Belt, Richard ClaudeRichard Claude Belt
Unveiled 24 May 1880. Inspired by a line from Childe Harold's Pilgrimage (1812–18): "To sit on rocks and muse o’er flood and fell". Byron is depicted with his Newfoundland dog, Bo’sun. The marble pedestal, supplied by the Greek government, was added in 1882.[114] Grade II
Statue of the Duke of Wellington - geograph.org.uk - 397832.jpg Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington
Category:Statue of the Duke of Wellington, Hyde Park Corner on Wikimedia Commons
Equestrian statue Hyde Park Corner

51°30′10″N 0°09′05″W / 51.5029°N 0.1514°W / 51.5029; -0.1514 (Duke of Wellington)

1888 Sir Boehm, Joseph EdgarJoseph Edgar Boehm Ince, HowardHoward Ince Unveiled 21 December 1888. The pedestal is flanked by four soldiers representing the four nations of the United Kingdom. Alfred Gilbert, an assistant in Boehm’s studio, claimed to have modelled the horse.[115] Grade II
Diana, Rose Garden, Hyde Park.jpg Diana
Category:Diana Fountain, Hyde Park on Wikimedia Commons
Fountain with sculpture Rose Garden, South Carriage Drive

51°30′14″N 0°09′19″W / 51.503764°N 0.15527°W / 51.503764; -0.15527 (Artemis / Diana)

1899 Gleichen, Lady FeodoraLady Feodora Gleichen
Made for the garden of Sir Walter Palmer’s house Frognal, in Ascot, Berkshire; presented to Hyde Park by Lady Jean Palmer in 1906.[116]
Quadriga, Wellington Arch.jpg Peace
Category:Quadriga, Wellington Arch on Wikimedia Commons
Quadriga Wellington Arch, Hyde Park Corner

51°30′09″N 0°09′03″W / 51.5025°N 0.150833°W / 51.5025; -0.150833 (Quadriga, Wellington Arch)

1908–12 Jones, AdrianAdrian Jones Burton, DecimusDecimus Burton Unveiled 2 April 1912.[117] Burton originally intended for a quadriga to surmount his arch, but in 1845 an equestrian statue of Wellington was installed in its place (q.v.). This was removed to Aldershot when the arch’s orientation was changed in 1883. Edward VII commissioned the present group, but did not live to see its completion.[118] Grade I (with arch)
Cavalry Memorial, Hyde Park.jpg Memorial to the Cavalry of the Empire
Category:Cavalry of the Empire Memorial on Wikimedia Commons
Equestrian sculpture with stone screen Serpentine Road

51°30′17″N 0°09′19″W / 51.5047°N 0.1553°W / 51.5047; -0.1553 (Cavalry Memorial)

1924 Jones, AdrianAdrian Jones Sir Burnet, John JamesJohn James Burnet Unveiled 21 May 1924[119] at Stanhope Gate; moved in 1961 for the widening of Park Lane.[109] The armour was based on that of the fifteenth-century effigy of the Earl of Warwick at St Mary’s, Warwick, the horse’s furniture on that found in Dürer’s engraving of Saint George.[119] Grade II
Hyde Park Corner, The Machine Gun Corps Memorial.jpg Machine Gun Corps Memorial (David)
Category:Machine Gun Corps Memorial on Wikimedia Commons
Memorial with sculpture Hyde Park Corner

51°30′12″N 0°09′03″W / 51.5032°N 0.1508°W / 51.5032; -0.1508 (Machine Gun Corps Memorial)

1925 Wood, Francis DerwentFrancis Derwent Wood
Unveiled 10 May 1925 by the Duke of Connaught. Re-erected on current location in 1962. The second bronze model for the figure stood in Chelsea Embankment Gardens from 1963 until it was stolen in the 1970s; it has been replaced by a replica.[120] Grade II
Rima, the Hudson memorial.jpg Memorial to William Henry Hudson Stone screen with relief sculpture West Carriage Drive

51°30′30″N 0°10′08″W / 51.5082°N 0.1690°W / 51.5082; -0.1690 (Rima (W. H. Hudson Memorial))

1925 Epstein, JacobJacob Epstein Gill, EricEric Gill (lettering) Unveiled 19 May 1925 by Stanley Baldwin.[121] Located near the Bird Sanctuary erected in Hudson’s memory, the memorial depicts the bird-spirit Rima, a character from his novel Green Mansions (1904). A controversial early work by Epstein which was dubbed "the Hyde Park Atrocity" by its detractors.[122] Grade II
Royal Artillery Monument corner view.jpg Royal Artillery Memorial
Category:Royal Artillery Memorial on Wikimedia Commons
Memorial with sculpture Hyde Park Corner

51°30′09″N 0°09′07″W / 51.5025°N 0.151944°W / 51.5025; -0.151944 (Royal Artillery Memorial)

1925 Jagger, Charles SargeantCharles Sargeant Jagger Pearson, LionelLionel Pearson Unveiled 18 October 1925 by the Duke of Connaught. The regiment demanded a "realistic" memorial and got one, crowned with a howitzer rendered in stone. The figure of a dead soldier shrouded in a greatcoat was still, however, found to be unsettling.[123] Grade II*
George Lansbury memorial plaque, Hyde Park Lido.JPG Memorial to George Lansbury Plaque Hyde Park Lido Pavilion

51°30′17″N 0°10′10″W / 51.504590°N 0.169446°W / 51.504590; -0.169446 (George Lansbury Memorial)

1953 Parker, H. WilsonH. Wilson Parker
Lansbury established the Hyde Park Lido in 1930.[107] The plaque in his honour was installed as part of the post-War reconstruction of the Lido Pavilion.[124]
Mosaic in the Subway beneath the A40 Bayswater Road - geograph.org.uk - 627428.jpg Mosaics Mosaics Marble Arch pedestrian subway

51°30′47″N 0°09′35″W / 51.512942°N 0.159837°W / 51.512942; -0.159837 (Mosaics)

1962 Mitchell, WilliamWilliam Mitchell
[12]
Frothy fountain in Hyde Park - geograph.org.uk - 674847.jpg Four Winds Fountain Fountain with sculptural group Hyde Park, near Park Lane

51°30′29″N 0°09′25″W / 51.508042°N 0.157009°W / 51.508042; -0.157009 (Joy of Life / Four Winds Fountain)

1963 Huxley-Jones, Thomas BaylissThomas Bayliss Huxley-Jones
Unveiled 25 June 1963; the site was formerly occupied by Munro’s Boy and Dolphin (see above). Originally titled Joy of Life, this was the last commission of the Constance Fund. The fountain basins were redesigned and the work’s name changed in 2000–1.[125]
Little Nell, Hyde Park.JPG Little Nell Fountain with sculpture Patte d’oie north of east end of Serpentine, Serpentine Road[126]

51°30′19″N 0°09′19″W / 51.505386°N 0.155369°W / 51.505386; -0.155369 ("Little Nell")

1975 (after an original of 1896) after William Robert Colton
A replica in artificial stone of a lost Art Nouveau original, described as depicting a "winged child with fish".[111] The name "Little Nell" has apparently only been attached to the work more recently;[127] it has also been referred to variously as the "Colton Memorial" and the "Mermaid Fountain".[128]
Norwegian memorial Stone, Hyde Park - geograph.org.uk - 1022632.jpg Norwegian War Memorial
Category:Norwegian War Memorial, London on Wikimedia Commons
Commemorative stone mounted on three smaller stones Hyde Park, west of Ranger’s Lodge

51°30′23″N 0°10′05″W / 51.506389°N 0.168056°W / 51.506389; -0.168056 (Norwegian War Memorial)

1978
Inscribed THIS STONE WAS ERECTED BY THE ROYAL NORWEGIAN NAVY/ AND THE NORWEGIAN MERCHANT FLEET IN THE YEAR 1978/ WE THANK THE BRITISH PEOPLE FOR FRIENDSHIP/ AND HOSPITALITY DURING THE SECOND WORLD WAR/ YOU GAVE US A SAFE HAVEN IN OUR COMMON STRUGGLE/ FOR FREEDOM AND PEACE.[129]
Holocaust Memorial Garden, Hyde Park - geograph.org.uk - 746134.jpg Holocaust Memorial
Category:Holocaust Memorial, London on Wikimedia Commons
Commemorative stones Hyde Park, east of the Dell

51°30′16″N 0°09′32″W / 51.504314°N 0.158897°W / 51.504314; -0.158897 (Holocaust Memorial)

1983 Badger, MarkMark Badger Richard Seifert; Derek Lovejoy and Partners Unveiled 28 June 1983; the first public memorial in Britain to victims of the Holocaust.[130] The largest boulder bears an inscription from Lamentations (3:48) in Hebrew and English: FOR THESE I WEEP/ STREAMS OF TEARS FLOW/ FROM MY EYES/ BECAUSE OF THE DESTRUCTION/ OF MY PEOPLE.
Household Cavalry Memorial.jpg Household Cavalry Memorial Raised slate floor plaque in hedge enclosure South Carriage Drive

51°30′11″N 0°09′21″W / 51.503126°N 0.155903°W / 51.503126; -0.155903 (Household Cavalry Memorial)

1985
Commemorates the four soldiers of the Blues and Royals regiment who were killed in the IRA bombing of 20 July 1982 near this spot.[111] The horses killed by the bomb are commemorated by a water trough, which was moved from the Victoria Embankment to Hyde Park in 1985 to serve as a memorial.[131]
Memorial to Queen Caroline by her Serpentine - geograph.org.uk - 313096.jpg Memorial to Queen Caroline of Ansbach
Category:Queen Caroline Memorial, Hyde Park on Wikimedia Commons
Urn on pedestal Hyde Park, west of the Dell, overlooking the Serpentine

51°30′15″N 0°09′37″W / 51.504091°N 0.160171°W / 51.504091; -0.160171 (Queen Caroline Memorial)

1990
Inscribed To the memory of/ QUEEN CAROLINE/ wife of George II/ for whom/ the Long Water/ and Serpentine/ were created/ between/ 1727–1731
Queen Elizabeth Gate, Hyde Park in March 2011.jpg Queen Elizabeth Gate

Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother

Gates Hyde Park

51°30′15″N 0°09′08″W / 51.504097°N 0.152336°W / 51.504097; -0.152336 (Queen Elizabeth Gate)

1993 Wynne, DavidDavid Wynne Lund, GiuseppeGiuseppe Lund Unveiled 6 July 1993 by Queen Elizabeth II.[132]
Hyde Park Corner pedestrian subway.jpg Tile murals
Category:Hyde Park Corner underpass on Wikimedia Commons
Tile murals Hyde Park Corner pedestrian subway 1995 FreeForm Arts Trust
900 m² of murals depicting the history of the area, painted by a team of six artists led by Alan Rossiter.[133]
Stone tree Hyde Park.jpg Reformers’ Tree

The Reform League

Mosaic Hyde Park

51°30′33″N 0°09′41″W / 51.509104°N 0.161301°W / 51.509104; -0.161301 (Reformers’ Tree)

2001 Gray, HarryHarry Gray Flint, RozRoz Flint Depicts a tree near this site which burnt down during the Reform League Riots in 1866, the stump of which became a notice board for political demonstrations.[109]
Australia war memorial, London (detail).JPG Australian War Memorial
Category:Australian War Memorial, London on Wikimedia Commons
Stone screen Hyde Park Corner

51°30′08″N 0°09′05″W / 51.5021°N 0.1515°W / 51.5021; -0.1515 (Australian War Memorial)

2003 Laurence, JanetJanet Laurence Tonkin Zulaikha Greer Architects A curving granite wall inscribed with the names of 24,000 Australian towns and villages and of battles in both World Wars. Water runs down parts of the wall and slabs up against it bear the country’s coat of arms and military badges.[134]
Diana, Princess of Wales Memorial Fountain.JPG Diana, Princess of Wales Memorial Fountain
Category:Diana, Princess of Wales Memorial Fountain on Wikimedia Commons

Diana, Princess of Wales

Fountain Hyde Park, near West Carriage Drive and Rotten Row

51°30′17″N 0°10′17″W / 51.504647°N 0.171508°W / 51.504647; -0.171508 (Diana, Princess of Wales Memorial Fountain)

2004
Gustafson, KathrynKathryn Gustafson Unveiled 6 July 2004 by Queen Elizabeth II.[135] A low, granite oval, 210 metres in circumference, with water coursing along it.[109] The fountain was plagued by blockages and injuries and had to be closed off twice for repairs in its first two years.[135]
Animals in War west.jpg Animals in War Memorial
Category:Animals in War Memorial on Wikimedia Commons
Stone screens with sculptures Park Lane

51°30′40″N 0°09′26″W / 51.511111°N 0.157222°W / 51.511111; -0.157222 (Animals in War Memorial)

2004 Backhouse, DavidDavid Backhouse
Unveiled 24 November 2004 by Princess Anne. Two heavily laden mules are shown trudging towards an opening between two swelling Portland stone screens; beyond lies a grass mound with a cavorting horse and dog.[136]
New Zealand War Memorial.jpg New Zealand War Memorial
Category:New Zealand War Memorial, Hyde Park Corner on Wikimedia Commons
Stelae Hyde Park Corner

51°30′11″N 0°09′01″W / 51.5031°N 0.1504°W / 51.5031; -0.1504 (New Zealand War Memorial)

2006 Dibble, PaulPaul Dibble Hardwick-Smith, JohnJohn Hardwick-Smith Unveiled 11 November 2006 by Queen Elizabeth II. Consists of 16 bronze X beams (or "standards"), six of which are arranged in the shape of the Southern Cross constellation.[137]
7th July Memorial.jpg 7 July Memorial
Category:7 July Memorial, London on Wikimedia Commons
Stelae Hyde Park, near Park Lane

51°30′21″N 0°09′10″W / 51.5059°N 0.1528°W / 51.5059; -0.1528 (7 July Memorial)

2009
Carmody Groarke Architects et al. Unveiled 7 July 2009 by the Prince of Wales and Duchess of Cornwall, on the fourth anniversary of the terrorist bombings. The 52 victims are commemorated by stainless steel stelae.[138]
Sculpture of Isis in Hyde Park in the City of Westminster, London in spring 2013 (2).JPG Isis
Category:Isis sculpture (Hyde Park) on Wikimedia Commons
Sculpture Hyde Park, near West Carriage Drive, overlooking the Serpentine

51°30′19″N 0°10′18″W / 51.505226°N 0.171585°W / 51.505226; -0.171585 (Isis)

2009 Gudgeon, SimonSimon Gudgeon
Unveiled 7 September 2009. 1,000 plaques around the base were sold to donors for personalised inscriptions at £1,000 each,[139] as a way of funding the park’s Isis Education Centre for introducing young people to the study of nature. Donated to the park by the Halcyon Gallery.[140]
Freeman Family Drinking Fountain in London, spring 2013 (3).JPG Freeman Family Drinking Fountain
Category:Freeman Family Drinking Fountain on Wikimedia Commons
Drinking fountain North Carriage Drive, near Marble Arch

51°30′43″N 0°09′45″W / 51.512049°N 0.162542°W / 51.512049; -0.162542 (Freeman Family Drinking Fountain)

2009 Harber, DavidDavid Harber
Unveiled 23 September 2009.[141] A stainless steel sphere decorated with petals of oxidised bronze.[142] Donated to the park by Michael Freeman, a property developer and trustee of the Royal Parks Foundation, and his wife.[143]
Still Water sculpture, Marble Arch, London.jpg Still Water
Category:Still Water sculpture on Wikimedia Commons
Sculpture Marble Arch

51°30′46″N 0°09′35″W / 51.512862°N 0.159604°W / 51.512862; -0.159604 (Freeman Family Drinking Fountain)

2010 Fiddian-Green, NicNic Fiddian-Green
Unveiled 14 September 2010. The largest freestanding bronze sculpture in London at 33 ft high. Replaces a previous version temporarily installed on this site; commissioned by Sir Anthony Bamford and his wife, it is now on their estate in Daylesford, Gloucestershire.[144]

Kensington[edit]

Part of Kensington lies outside the City of Westminster; for works not listed here see the List of public art in Kensington and Chelsea.

Kensington is an area of west and central London; only some parts of Kensington Gardens and South Kensington fall within the boundary of Westminster. When the contemporary sculptor Anish Kapoor held an exhibition of his work in Kensington Gardens in 2010 he remarked that the gardens are "the best site in London for a piece of art, probably in the world".[145]

Image Title / individual commemorated Type Location Date Artist Architect / Designer Notes Listing
Gates, Kensington Gardens, London SW1 - geograph.org.uk - 1129082.jpg Coalbrookdale Gates Gates, cast iron South Carriage Drive

51°30′08″N 0°10′29″W / 51.5022°N 0.1748°W / 51.5022; -0.1748 (Coalbrookdale Gates)

1851 John Bell Charles Crookes Made in Coalbrookdale for the Great Exhibition of 1851. Installed at the entrance to Lancaster Walk in 1852 and moved to their present location in 1871, during construction of the Albert Memorial.[146] Grade II
Queen's Gate, a major southern gate of Kensington Gardens, London spring 2013 (12).JPG Queen's Gate Gates and piers, cast iron Queen’s Gate

51°30′06″N 0°10′49″W / 51.501635°N 0.180378°W / 51.501635; -0.180378 (Queen’s Gate)

1858
[147] Grade II*
Statue of Edward Jenner - geograph.org.uk - 1452436.jpg Edward Jenner Statue Italian Gardens, Kensington Gardens

51°30′38″N 0°10′31″W / 51.510602°N 0.175156°W / 51.510602; -0.175156 (Edward Jenner)

1858 William Calder Marshall Sir James Pennethorne Unveiled by Prince Albert in Trafalgar Square in 1858. After pressure from anti-vaccinationists the statue was moved in 1862 to the Italian Gardens at Kensington,[148] which were conceived by Albert and laid out by Pennethorne. The rest of the sculpture in the ensemble is by John Thomas.[149] Grade II
Memorial to the Great Exhibition in the Kensington Gore, London 2013 (9).JPG Memorial to the Great Exhibition
Category:Memorial to the Great Exhibition on Wikimedia Commons
Statue with other sculpture Kensington Gore

51°30′01″N 0°10′38″W / 51.5004°N 0.1773°W / 51.5004; -0.1773 (Memorial to the Great Exhibition)

1863 Joseph Durham Sydney Smirke Erected in June 1863 in the gardens of the Royal Horticultural Society in South Kensington. Moved to its present site in the early 1890s.[150] Another cast of the statue of Prince Albert is in Saint Peter Port, Guernsey.[151] Grade II
Speke’s Monument in the Kensington Gardens, London 2013 (4).JPG Speke’s Monument
Category:Speke's Monument (Kensington Gardens) on Wikimedia Commons
John Hanning Speke
Obelisk Junction of Lancaster Walk and Budges Walk, Kensington Gardens

51°30′32″N 0°10′45″W / 51.5090°N 0.1792°W / 51.5090; -0.1792 (Speke Monument)

1864
Philip Hardwick A red granite obelisk, an appropriate form of commemoration for an explorer so associated with the River Nile. The pedestal inscribed IN MEMORY OF/ SPEKE/ VICTORIA[,] NYANZA/ AND THE NILE/ 1864. The phrasing avoids crediting Speke with the discovery of the Nile’s source, as this was a contentious point.[152] Grade II
Albert Memorial Friese Collage - May 2008-edit1.jpg Frieze of Parnassus Relief sculpture Podium of the Albert Memorial 1864–72 H. H. Armstead and J. B. Philip Sir George Gilbert Scott Depicts 169 individual architects, composers, painters, poets, and sculptors from history.[153] Grade I
Elephant sculpture London.jpg Asia Sculptural group Albert Memorial

51°30′08″N 0°10′39″W / 51.502206°N 0.177383°W / 51.502206; -0.177383 (Asia)

1865–71 John Henry Foley Sir George Gilbert Scott A personification of the continent, seated on an Indian elephant, removes a veil to reveal herself. Flanking her are an Indian soldier, a Persian poet, a Chinese potter and a Turkish merchant.[154] Grade I
Albert Memorial statue.JPG Africa Sculptural group Albert Memorial

51°30′09″N 0°10′39″W / 51.502560°N 0.177454°W / 51.502560; -0.177454 (Africa)

1865–71 William Theed Sir George Gilbert Scott A figure in Egyptian costume, representing the continent, rests on a camel. Beside her are an Arabian merchant, a figure sometimes identified as a Nubian, a female European and a tribesman.[155] Grade I
Albert Memorial - Americas Group.jpg America Sculptural group Albert Memorial

51°30′09″N 0°10′41″W / 51.502516°N 0.178030°W / 51.502516; -0.178030 (America)

1865–71 John Bell Sir George Gilbert Scott The personification of America rides a bison charging forward, guided by the sceptre of the United States, identified by her starry sash. The other figures represent Canada, Mexico and South America.[156] Grade I
Europe group (Albert Memorial).jpg Europe Sculptural group Albert Memorial

51°30′08″N 0°10′41″W / 51.502156°N 0.177962°W / 51.502156; -0.177962 (Europe)

1865–71 Patrick MacDowell Sir George Gilbert Scott Europa, seated on a bull, carries an orb and sceptre signifying her continent's imperial dominance in the nineteenth century. Around her sit Britannia with a trident, France with a sword and laurel wreath, Germany with an open book and Italy with a lyre and palette.[157] Grade I
Agriculture group (Albert Memorial).jpg Agriculture Sculptural group Albert Memorial 1865–71 William Calder Marshall Sir George Gilbert Scott A husbandman, flanked on either side by figures representing livestock farming (a shepherd boy with a lamb and an ewe) and cereal production, looks up to a female personification of Agriculture.[158] Grade I
Commerce group (Albert Memorial).jpg Commerce Sculptural group Albert Memorial 1865–71 Thomas Thornycroft Sir George Gilbert Scott The group consists of Commerce, bearing a cornucopia, a young merchant in "Anglo-Saxon" dress (said to be modelled on the sculptor′s son Hamo), an Eastern merchant and a rustic with a sack of corn.[159] Grade I
Engineering group (Albert Memorial).jpg Engineering Sculptural group Albert Memorial 1865–71 John Lawlor Sir George Gilbert Scott The presiding genius of engineering directs three workers: an engineer with plan in hand, a mechanical engineer with a cogwheel, and a navvy. The two bridges over the Menai Strait are represented at the back of the group.[160] Grade I
Manufactures group (Albert Memorial).jpg Manufactures Sculptural group Albert Memorial 1865–71 Henry Weekes Sir George Gilbert Scott A female personification of manufactures, accompanied by a blacksmith, looks down on two child labourers, one a factory girl and the other a young potter, representing art manufactures.[161] Grade I
Mosaics (western side) at Albert Memorial in London, spring 2013 (7).JPG Mosaics
Category:Mosaics on the Albert Memorial on Wikimedia Commons
Mosaics Tympana, spandrels and vault of the canopy, Albert Memorial 1866–8 John Richard Clayton with Salviati and Co. Sir George Gilbert Scott The enthroned female figures in the tympana are identified by their inscriptions as Pictura, Poesis, Sculptura and Architectura; the last displays the design of the Albert Memorial itself.[162] Grade I
Virtues of the Albert Memorial in London, spring 2013.JPG Virtues Statues Flèche of the Albert Memorial 1867–70 James Redfern Sir George Gilbert Scott Personifications of the seven virtues along with an eighth, Humanity. Redfern's plaster models were electroformed in copper by Francis Skidmore’s ironworking firm in Coventry. The resulting figures were gilded after being mounted on the memorial.[163][164] Grade I
The Albert Memorial, Kensington - geograph.org.uk - 1462613.jpg Sciences Statues Corners of the Albert Memorial 1868c. 1868 H. H. Armstead and J. B. Philip Sir George Gilbert Scott In niches on a level with the spandrels are Armstead’s Rhetoric and Medicine and Philip’s Philosophy and Physiology. Below them, standing on column shafts, are Philip’s Geometry and Geology and Armstead’s Astronomy and Chemistry.[165] Grade I
Prince Albert Statue, Albert Memorial, London.jpg Albert, Prince Consort
Category:Statue of Prince Albert, Albert Memorial on Wikimedia Commons
Statue Albert Memorial

51°30′09″N 0°10′39″W / 51.502560°N 0.177454°W / 51.502560; -0.177454 (Prince Albert)

1871–76 John Henry Foley and Sir Thomas Brock Sir George Gilbert Scott Foley was given the commission in 1868 after the death of Carlo Marochetti. Working in the open on the model gave Foley the sickness which ultimately killed him in 1874, and the work was completed by his pupil Brock.[153] Grade I
Queen's Gate, Kensington.jpg Robert Napier, 1st Baron Napier of Magdala Equestrian statue Queen’s Gate

51°30′05″N 0°10′49″W / 51.5013°N 0.1803°W / 51.5013; -0.1803 (Lord Napier of Magdala)

1891 Sir Joseph Edgar Boehm
Originally stood in Waterloo Place; moved to its current site in 1921. A replica of the statue to Napier in Kolkata. The boundary line with Kensington and Chelsea bisects the length of this statue.[166] In 2004 the artist Eleonora Aguiari wrapped the statue in bright red tape as a comment on Britain’s imperialist past.[167] Grade II
Equestrian statue called Physical Energy in Hyde Park in the City of Westminster, London in spring 2013 (6).JPG Physical Energy
Category:Physical Energy sculpture on Wikimedia Commons
Equestrian statue Junction of Lancaster Walk and several other walkways, Kensington Gardens

51°30′24″N 0°10′42″W / 51.5068°N 0.1783°W / 51.5068; -0.1783 (Physical Energy)

1907 (installed) George Frederic Watts
Installed 24 September 1907. Developed by Watts from his equestrian bronze Hugh Lupus (1870–84) for the Duke of Westminster. Gifted to the nation on Watts’s death in 1904, though the cast had not yet been made from the gesso model (now in the Watts Gallery). An earlier bronze cast was incorporated into the Rhodes Memorial (1906–12) in Cape Town, South Africa.[168] Grade II
Peter Pan monument.jpg Peter Pan
Category:Peter Pan statue in Kensington Gardens on Wikimedia Commons
Statue West of the Long Water, Kensington Gardens

51°30′31″N 0°10′34″W / 51.5086°N 0.1760°W / 51.5086; -0.1760 (Peter Pan)

1912 Sir George Frampton
Unveiled in secret on May Day 1912. The character’s creator, J. M. Barrie, commissioned the sculpture and chose the site, which is Peter’s landing point in the book Peter Pan in Kensington Gardens. Questions were raised in Parliament about the propriety of an author promoting his work in this way.[146][169] Grade II*
Esme Percy Memorial, Kensington Gardens.JPG Memorial to Esme Percy Drinking fountain with sculpture Palace Gate

51°30′07″N 0°11′02″W / 51.502008°N 0.183887°W / 51.502008; -0.183887 (Esme Percy Memorial)

1961 Silvia Gilley
A small bronze figure of a terrier on a platform rising from the centre of a shallow circular pool.[170]
Two Bears Drinking fountain, Kensington Gardens, London.jpg Two Bears Drinking fountain with sculpture Junction of North Flower Walk and Budges Walk, near the Italian Gardens, Kensington Gardens

51°30′39″N 0°10′35″W / 51.510972°N 0.176251°W / 51.510972; -0.176251 (Two Bears fountain)

1970
Statue of two embracing bears originally placed in 1939 to commemorate 80 years of the Metropolitan Drinking Fountain and Cattle Trough Association. The original was stolen but was replaced with a copy in 1970.[171]
St Govor's Well, Kensington Gardens.JPG St Govor’s Well Drinking fountain Off the Broad Walk, Kensington Gardens

51°30′12″N 0°11′04″W / 51.503449°N 0.184426°W / 51.503449; -0.184426 (St Govor’s Well)

1976
Inscribed: This drinking fountain marks the site of an ancient spring, which in 1856 was named St Govor’s Well by the First Commissioner of Works, later to become Lord Llanover. Saint Govor, a sixth century hermit, was the patron saint of a church in Llanover which had eight wells in its churchyard.[172]
The Arch by Henry Moore, Kensington Gardens.JPG The Arch
Category:The Arch (Henry Moore, London) on Wikimedia Commons
Sculpture North bank of the Long Water, Kensington Gardens

51°30′27″N 0°10′24″W / 51.507605°N 0.173237°W / 51.507605; -0.173237 (The Arch)

1979–80 Henry Moore
Presented by Moore to the nation for installation in Kensington Gardens in 1980, two years after his eightieth birthday exhibition in the nearby Serpentine Gallery. Dismantled in 1996 due to structural instability and re-erected in 2012.[173]
Diana Memorial outside the Serpentine Gallery.JPG Memorial to Diana, Princess of Wales Floor plaque, tree plaque and eight stone benches Forecourt of the Serpentine Gallery, Kensington Gardens

51°30′16″N 0°10′31″W / 51.504467°N 0.175184°W / 51.504467; -0.175184 (Memorial to Diana, Princess of Wales)

1997 Ian Hamilton Finlay Peter Coates and Andrew Whittle (lettering) Pastoral poetry is inscribed on each element of the work. The plaque at the entrance of the gallery is inscribed with the names of trees found at Kensington Gardens a quotation from the eighteenth-century philosopher Francis Hutcheson.[174] Diana was a patron of the Serpentine Gallery.[175]
Albert Hall (4).jpg Mosaic Mosaic South Porch, Royal Albert Hall 2003 Shelagh Wakely Building Design Partnership (new South Porch)[176] A 60,000-piece mosaic inspired by chaos theory.[177]
Royal Geographical Society building in London.jpeg Balustrade Glass balustrade Royal Geographical Society, Exhibition Road 2004 Eleanor Long Craig Downie[178] Images of contours, maps and landscapes are etched into the glass panels.[179]
Velocity Wave[179] Glass balustrade Imperial College Sports Centre, Prince’s Gardens 2004–6 Pat Kaufman Arup Associates The artist consulted scientists at Imperial College researching into the velocity wave patterns of different sporting activities. These patterns were etched into the glass panes at the entrance ramps and stairs to the sports centre, and infilled with resin and gold leaf. The balustrade is lit at night by white LED lights.[180]
Trumpet drinking fountain, Kensington Gardens.JPG Trumpet (or the Tiffany Drinking Fountain) Drinking fountain Junction of the Broad Walk and Mount Walk, Kensington Gardens

51°30′17″N 0°11′07″W / 51.504631°N 0.185291°W / 51.504631; -0.185291 (Trumpet / Tiffany Drinking Fountain)

2012
Ben Addy (of Moxon Architects) The winner, alongside Watering Holes in Green Park, of a RIBA-judged design competition; it was commended for its "formal clarity and elegance".[181] Of the two designs this was thought to be the more "design-led" and Watering Holes the more "art-led".[182]

Knightsbridge[edit]

Part of Knightsbridge lies outside the City of Westminster; for works not listed here see the List of public art in Kensington and Chelsea.

Knightsbridge lies to the south of Hyde Park and on the road to Kensington. Beginning in the 1840s, with Thomas Cubitt’s development of Albert Gate, the area changed from a hamlet into a fashionable suburb.[183]

Image Title / individual commemorated Type Location Date Artist Architect Notes Listing
Stag, Albert Gate SW1.jpg Stags Statues on gateposts Albert Gate

51°30′09″N 0°09′31″W / 51.5026°N 0.1585°W / 51.5026; -0.1585 (Stags)

before 1839 Peter Turnerelli after Francesco Bartolozzi Thomas Cubitt Formerly stood at the Piccadilly entrance to the Deputy Ranger’s Lodge in Green Park; Cubitt acquired the stags prior to the building’s demolition. The gates and stone piers are twentieth-century replacements for Cubitt’s originals of 1844–5.[184] Grade II
Fountain St Georges Hospital.jpg Drinking fountain Drinking fountain Outside The Lanesborough

51°30′07″N 0°09′09″W / 51.502072°N 0.152524°W / 51.502072; -0.152524 (Drinking fountain)

1860
One of the earliest gifts of the Metropolitan Drinking Fountain Association; the hotel building behind was originally St George’s Hospital, which was felt to be a particularly appropriate location for a drinking fountain.[185] Grade II* (with old hospital building)
Edinburgh Gate, Hyde Park, London 02.jpg The Rush of Green or The Bowater House Group Sculptural group Edinburgh Gate

51°30′09″N 0°09′42″W / 51.502565°N 0.161533°W / 51.502565; -0.161533 (Rush of Green)

1959 Sir Jacob Epstein
Unveiled April 1961. A mother, father, child and dog, driven by the sound of Pan’s pipes, rush towards Hyde Park. Epstein was adding the finishing touches to the group on the night he died.[186]
Hyde Park gate by Wendy Ramshaw.JPG Hyde Park Gates Gates Edinburgh Gate

51°30′08″N 0°09′44″W / 51.502298°N 0.162247°W / 51.502298; -0.162247 (Hyde Park Gates)
51°30′08″N 0°09′38″W / 51.502344°N 0.160529°W / 51.502344; -0.160529 (Hyde Park Gates)

2010 Wendy Ramshaw
Commissioned from the artist and jeweller as part of the One Hyde Park residential development.[187]
Search for Enlightenment, One Hyde Park.JPG Search for Enlightenment Sculptures One Hyde Park

51°30′09″N 0°09′41″W / 51.502427°N 0.161364°W / 51.502427; -0.161364 (Search for Enlightenment)

2011 Simon Gudgeon
Unveiled 19 January 2012 to mark the first anniversary of One Hyde Park.[188] The developers, Candy & Candy, had previously installed a cast of the work at Riverside Walk Gardens in 2011 (q.v.).

Lisson Grove[edit]

Lisson Grove, a residential area which urbanised as London expanded northwards in the 19th century, was designated a conservation area in 1990.[189]

Image Title / individual commemorated Type Location Date Sculptor Architect / Designer Notes Listing
Public artwork on Rossmore Road - geograph.org.uk - 1019545.jpg Echo Sculpture Rossmore Road

51°31′32″N 0°09′46″W / 51.525542°N 0.162720°W / 51.525542; -0.162720 (Echo)

2004 Charles Hadcock
[190]
Wrapper Vitreous enamel cladding Edgware Road tube station (Circle and other lines) 2012 Jacqueline Poncet
The largest vitreous enamel artwork in Europe, decorating a new building and perimeter wall next to the station with patterns inspired by research undertaken in the area.[191]

Maida Vale[edit]

Maida Vale is an area of residential terraces and mansion blocks, defined at its southern end by the Regent’s and Grand Union Canals.[192]

Image Title / individual commemorated Type Location Date Sculptor Architect / Designer Notes Listing
St Mark, Hamilton Terrace, St Johns Wood - War Memorial.jpg Memorial cross War memorial St Mark’s Church, Hamilton Terrace

51°31′54″N 0°10′57″W / 51.531798°N 0.182395°W / 51.531798; -0.182395 (War memorial)

after 1918
Commemorates parishioners who died in World War I.[193]
System No. 12, Maida Vale.JPG System No. 12 Sculpture 4 Maida Vale

51°31′35″N 0°10′43″W / 51.526251°N 0.178583°W / 51.526251; -0.178583 (War memorial)

2006 Julian Wild EDCO Design[194] A commission by the property developers Crest Nicholson.[195]

Marylebone[edit]

Marylebone is an inner-city area roughly defined as being bounded by Oxford Street to the south, Marylebone Road to the north, Edgware Road to the west and Great Portland Street to the east. Portland Place, part of the grand route from Regent’s Park to St James’s planned by John Nash (who is commemorated by a bust outside All Souls, Langham Place), has historically been an attractive place for the erection of memorials due to its width.[196]

Image Title / individual commemorated Type Location Date Artist Architect / Designer Notes Listing
Statue of Prince Edward in the end of Portland Palace in London, June 2013 (4).jpg Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn
Category:Statue of Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn (Park Crescent, London) on Wikimedia Commons
Statue Park Crescent

51°31′23″N 0°08′46″W / 51.5230°N 0.1462°W / 51.5230; -0.1462 (Duke of Kent)

1824 Gahagan, SebastianSebastian Gahagan
Unveiled 21 February 1824. The Duke, in robes and the collar of the Garter, stands with his right arm rested on two books, which lie on top of a truncated column. Among the symbols which appear on the column shaft is the Masonic all-seeing eye.[197] Grade II
George Bentick Cavendish Square.JPG Lord George Bentinck Statue Cavendish Square

51°30′58″N 0°08′42″W / 51.5162°N 0.1449°W / 51.5162; -0.1449 (Lord George Bentinck)

1851 Campbell, ThomasThomas Campbell
Erected 4 November 1851. Bentinck is depicted standing, in a contemporary frock coat. The pedestal appears to have been changed twice since the original installation, the first having been insufficiently lofty and the second excessively so.[198] Grade II
Monument to Charles Wesley, St Mary le Bone Old Churchyard, London.jpg Memorial to Charles Wesley Obelisk Garden of Rest (St Mary-le-Bone Old Churchyard)

51°31′19″N 0°09′06″W / 51.522032°N 0.151719°W / 51.522032; -0.151719 (Chalres Wesley Memorial)

1858
Stands close to the site where Wesley was buried in 1788.[199]
Intriguing memorial to William Pitt Byrne in Bryanston Square - geograph.org.uk - 1046270.jpg Byrne, William PittWilliam Pitt Byrne Memorial Fountain Drinking fountain Bryanston Square

51°31′00″N 0°09′38″W / 51.5167°N 0.1605°W / 51.5167; -0.1605 (William Pitt Byrne Memorial Fountain)

1862
Byrne, Julia ClaraJulia Clara Byrne The fountain with plaque and urn finial stands upon a heap of differently coloured stones.[200][201] Grade II
Water Fountain, Portman Square - geograph.org.uk - 585115.jpg Sir Hamilton, JamesJames Hamilton Memorial Fountain Drinking Fountain Portman Square

51°30′57″N 0°09′17″W / 51.5159°N 0.1548°W / 51.5159; -0.1548 (Sir James Hamilton Memorial Fountain)

1878
Donated by Hamilton′s widow through the Metropolitan Drinking Fountain and Cattle Trough Association.[202] Grade II
Street Orderly Boy (statue), London.jpg Street Orderly Boy Statue Paddington Street Gardens

51°31′14″N 0°09′14″W / 51.520492°N 0.153912°W / 51.520492; -0.153912 (Street Orderly Boy)

1881c. 1881 Barcaglia, DonatoDonato Barcaglia
Possibly the work Barcaglia exhibited in 1881 under the title Spazzacamino ("Chimney Sweep"). Donated to Marylebone council in 1943, when it was given its present title. Orderly boys were employed by the parish councils of London to clean the streets, but were probably unheard of in Italy.[203]
Fountain Wallace Collection.jpg Wallace fountain

Sir Richard Wallace, 1st Baronet

Drinking fountain Forecourt of the Wallace Collection, Manchester Square

51°31′02″N 0°09′10″W / 51.5173°N 0.1528°W / 51.5173; -0.1528 (Wallace Fountain)

1904 (cast of a design of 1872) Lebourg, Charles-AugusteCharles-Auguste Lebourg
An example of the "large model" of drinking fountain donated by Wallace to the city of Paris from 1872. This cast was erected in Shoreditch in 1904, the gift of a local councillor. Re-erected on this site after restoration in 1960.[204] Grade II*
Sculpture of Quintin Hogg in the Portland Place in London, June 2013 (4).jpg Memorial to Quintin Hogg
Category:Memorial to Quintin Hogg (Portland Place, London) on Wikimedia Commons
Sculptural group Portland Place

51°31′08″N 0°08′40″W / 51.5189°N 0.1444°W / 51.5189; -0.1444 (Quintin Hogg)

1906 Sir Frampton, GeorgeGeorge Frampton
Unveiled 24 November 1906 on a site immediately opposite the Royal Polytechnic Institution on Regent Street; relocated in 1933.[205] It also commemorates Hogg’s wife Alice and students of the Polytechnic killed in both World Wars.[206] Grade II
Statue outside the Church of the Annunciation in Bryanston Street - geograph.org.uk - 1049158.jpg War memorial Crucifix Church of the Annunciation, Bryanston Street

51°30′51″N 0°09′28″W / 51.5143°N 0.157907°W / 51.5143; -0.157907 (Church of the Annunciation war memorial)

probably early 1920s
Sir Tapper, WalterWalter Tapper? No documentation for this sculpture appears to have survived.[207]
Statue Of Sir George White-Portland Place.jpg Field Marshal Sir George Stuart White
Category:Equestrian statue of Field Marshal Sir George Stuart White on Wikimedia Commons
Equestrian statue Portland Place

51°31′15″N 0°08′43″W / 51.5208°N 0.1453°W / 51.5208; -0.1453 (Sir George Stuart White)

1922 Tweed, JohnJohn Tweed
Unveiled 19 December 1922. The statue was the focus of the Boer War Veterans Association’s annual commemoration of the Relief of Ladysmith; a wreath was laid at its foot on 28 February every year until 1970.[208] Grade II
Memorial To Lord Lister-Portland Place.jpg Memorial to Joseph Lister, 1st Baron Lister
Category:Memorial to Joseph Lister, 1st Baron Lister (Portland Place, London) on Wikimedia Commons
Memorial with bust and other sculpture Portland Place

51°31′21″N 0°08′46″W / 51.5225°N 0.1460°W / 51.5225; -0.1460 (Joseph Lister)

1922 Sir Brock, ThomasThomas Brock; completed by Frank Arnold Wright
Unveiled 13 March 1924. Only the colossal bust of Lister was completed by Brock, who died in 1922. The group of Humanity with a nude male youth was completed by Wright, a studio assistant.[209] Grade II
Bust Of John F Kennedy-Park Crescent.jpg Kennedy, John F.John F. Kennedy
Category:Category:John F. Kennedy Memorial, London on Wikimedia Commons
Bust 1 Park Crescent

51°31′26″N 0°08′41″W / 51.523904°N 0.144651°W / 51.523904; -0.144651 (John F. Kennedy)

1965 Lipchitz, JacquesJacques Lipchitz
Unveiled 15 May 1965 by Robert F. Kennedy. The fruit of a fundraising campaign by the Sunday Telegraph. Lipchitz struggled with the commission as Kennedy was not alive to take sittings. Displeased with the finished work, he was absent at the unveiling.[210]
Copyright crystal grey.png Tile motif Tile motif Oxford Circus tube station, Victoria line platforms 1967–9c. 1967–9 Unger, HansHans Unger
The motif depicts the convergence of the Bakerloo, Central and Victoria lines within a circle representing Oxford Circus.[101] The platform was damaged in a fire in 1984.[211]
Copyright crystal grey.png Sherlock Holmes murals Murals Baker Street tube station platforms 1979 Jacques, RobinRobin Jacques
Murals depicting scenes from seven of Conan Doyle’s stories.[212]
Copyright crystal grey.png Sherlock Holmes motifs Tile motifs and enamel panels Baker Street tube station platforms 1983c. 1983 Michael Douglas and Pamela Moreton
The scheme consists of motifs of the detective’s head in profile and murals depicting scenes from his adventures.[76] The designs were by Douglas, the over-glaze printing by Moreton.[100]
Mother and Child statue, Great Portland St.jpg Mother and Child Sculptural group Outside the Portland Hospital for Women and Children, Great Portland Street

51°31′23″N 0°08′39″W / 51.522930°N 0.144124°W / 51.522930; -0.144124 (Mother and Child)

1983 Norris, DavidDavid Norris
A glass surround and back-lights were added during improvements to the hospital’s forecourt in 2010.[213]
Copyright crystal grey.png Mosaics and enamel panels Mosaics and enamel panels Oxford Circus tube station, Central and Bakerloo line platforms 1983; 1985 Munro, NicholasNicholas Munro
Munro, a student at the Royal College of Art, based the designs on his (not entirely favourable) impressions of the station. The designs on the Central line platforms refer to the game of Snakes and Ladders and those on the Bakerloo line depict commuters in a maze.[211]
Copyright crystal grey.png Arch motifs Enamel panels Marble Arch tube station platforms 1985 Grey, AnnabelAnnabel Grey
A series of sixteen colourful triumphal arch designs enamelled onto steel sheets. Each arch is made of nine separate steel sheets which had to be fired about ten times at an enamel sign factory in Sydenham.[214]
EdgwareRoadStationStatue.jpg The Window Cleaner
Category:Window Cleaner (statue in London) on Wikimedia Commons
Statue Capital House, Chapel Street

51°31′10″N 0°10′02″W / 51.519534°N 0.167355°W / 51.519534; -0.167355 (The Window Cleaner)

1990 Sly, AllanAllan Sly
Unveiled 30 November 1990. Sly’s brief was "for a figure expressing a wry sense of humour"; thus the window cleaner looks up at the 15 or so storeys of Capital House, for which his small ladder will be of little use.[215]
Cristos, St. Christopher's Place, London.JPG Cristos Fountain with sculpture St Christopher’s Place

51°30′54″N 0°09′00″W / 51.515102°N 0.150030°W / 51.515102; -0.150030 (Cristos)

1993 Pye, WilliamWilliam Pye
Unveiled 13 July 1993. The piece refers obliquely to the legend of Saint Christopher carrying the Christ child across a river; here the water, in the sculptor’s words, "becomes the bridge itself", coursing down the arches of an open bronze structure into four small basins at the bottom and thence into grills in the pavement.[216]
Raoul Wallenberg memorial London.jpg Memorial to Raoul Wallenberg Statue with screen Great Cumberland Place

51°30′54″N 0°09′35″W / 51.514969°N 0.159637°W / 51.514969; -0.159637 (Raoul Wallenberg)

1997 Jackson, PhilipPhilip Jackson
Unveiled 26 February 1997 by Queen Elizabeth II. Wallenberg stands in front of a screen formed from stacked passports; his head is turned towards the Western Marble Arch Synagogue. Another cast of the memorial is in Buenos Aires.[217]
Statue Of Sherlock Holmes-Marylebone Road.jpg Sherlock Holmes
Category:Statue of Sherlock Holmes, London on Wikimedia Commons
Statue Marylebone Road, outside Baker Street tube station

51°31′21″N 0°09′24″W / 51.5225°N 0.15659°W / 51.5225; -0.15659 (Sherlock Holmes)

1999 Doubleday, JohnJohn Doubleday
Unveiled 23 September 1999. No site was available on Baker Street itself, but the Abbey National building society, whose head office was on the putative site of No. 221B, agreed to fund the statue.[218]
Under Circumstances, Manchester Square, London.JPG Under Circumstances Sculpture Outside 20 Manchester Square

51°31′01″N 0°09′12″W / 51.516965°N 0.153464°W / 51.516965; -0.153464 (Under Circumstances)

1999 Cragg, TonyTony Cragg
Part of a series of works by the sculptor called Rational Beings, created by following the contours of a drawn line with stacked circles of polysterene. Here the resulting three-dimensional shape has been carved in Belgian granite.[219]
Statue of General Wladyslaw Sikorski in the Portland Place in London, June 2013 (3).jpg General Władysław Sikorski
Category:Statue of General Władysław Sikorski (Portland Place, London) on Wikimedia Commons
Statue Outside the Polish Embassy, Portland Place

51°31′16″N 0°08′43″W / 51.521128°N 0.145391°W / 51.521128; -0.145391 (Władysław Sikorski)

2000 Winter, FaithFaith Winter Goss, MichaelMichael Goss Unveiled 24 September 2003 by the Duke of Kent. Tomasz Zamoyski, a prominent Polish expatriate, first conceived the idea for the statue to complement the existing statues of Churchill, Eisenhower and de Gaulle in London. The British and Polish governments each gave £5,000 towards the cost.[220]
Tyburn, Lethewards has sunk Tile mural Cramer Street 2000 Dawson, RobertRobert Dawson
Installed as part of Westminster City Council’s Hidden Rivers public art project.[133]
Sculpture outside 199 Old Marylebone Road.jpg Thames North and Thames South Sculptures Outside 199 Old Marylebone Road

51°31′12″N 0°09′57″W / 51.519975°N 0.165734°W / 51.519975; -0.165734 (Thames North and Thames South)

2001 Black, HamishHamish Black
Sculptures formed from sheets of galvanised steel stacked on top of one another.[221]
Nexus, Seymour Street W1.jpg Nexus Sculpture Outside York House, Seymour Street

51°30′52″N 0°09′36″W / 51.514339°N 0.159936°W / 51.514339; -0.159936 (Nexus)

2007 Orchardson, RobertRobert Orchardson
Six soaring diamond-shaped forms in steel, painted black.[222]
BBC.jpg World Work set into pavement Broadcasting House, Portland Place 2012 Pimlott, MarkMark Pimlott MJP Architects [223]

Mayfair[edit]

Mayfair is a residential and commercial area dominated by terraces of town houses.[224] In Grosvenor Square there are several memorials with an American theme, including a memorial garden commemorating the September 11 attacks, due to the presence on that square of the US Embassy.[225]

Image Title / individual commemorated Type Location Date Artist Architect / Designer Notes Listing
Statue of Pitt the Younger, Hanover Square W1.JPG Pitt the Younger, WilliamWilliam Pitt the Younger Statue Hanover Square

51°30′49″N 0°08′37″W / 51.5136°N 0.1437°W / 51.5136; -0.1437 (Pitt the Younger)

1831 Sir Chantrey, FrancisFrancis Chantrey
Unveiled 22 August 1831; there was an attempt by reformist opponents of Pitt to pull the statue down on the morning of the unveiling. Concerns for the work’s security might have been the reason for the unusually tall plinth.[226] Grade II
Statue in Berkeley Square - geograph.org.uk - 1203080.jpg Fountain Nymph Fountain with sculpture Berkeley Square

51°30′33″N 0°08′43″W / 51.509116°N 0.145293°W / 51.509116; -0.145293 (Fountain Nymph)

1867 Munro, AlexanderAlexander Munro
The pedestal inscribed THE GIFT/ OF/ HENRY 3RD MARQUIS OF LANSDOWNE. This Fountain Nymph was Munro’s second treatment of the theme after that for the memorial to Herbert Ingram in Boston, Lincolnshire (1862–3). He also produced a smaller marble version of the Berkeley Square Nymph, which was installed in a public garden in Oxford in around 1970.[227] Grade II
Appealing sculpture in Mount Street Gardens - geograph.org.uk - 1089990.jpg Drinking fountain Fountain with sculpture Mount Street Gardens

51°30′35″N 0°08′57″W / 51.509719°N 0.149303°W / 51.509719; -0.149303 (Drinking fountain)

1892
Sir George, ErnestErnest George Inscribed THIS FOUNTAIN WAS ERECTED BY HENRY LOFTS IN/ RECOGNITION OF MANY HAPPY YEARS IN MOUNT STREET/ SIR ERNEST GEORGE. RA FECIT 1892. Lofts was an estate agent, and George an architect, to the Grosvenor estate. Lofts’s office was in Mount Street, which was partly rebuilt by his firm with George as architect.[228] Grade II
Statue of Sir Joshua Reynolds at the Royal Academy.jpg Sir Joshua Reynolds
Category:Statue of Joshua Reynolds, Burlington House on Wikimedia Commons
Statue Burlington House

51°30′32″N 0°08′22″W / 51.5089°N 0.1394°W / 51.5089; -0.1394 (Joshua Reynolds)

1931 Sir Drury, AlfredAlfred Drury Sir Scott, Giles GilbertGiles Gilbert Scott Unveiled 12 December 1931.[229] Drury was awarded the commission in 1917, but was too preoccupied with war memorials in the following years to proceed with the work. In 1926 he had to start over with a new composition after his studio assistant failed to keep the first clay figure moist every night, which had resulted in its disintegration.[230] Grade II
FDR statue, Grosvenor Square.jpg Roosevelt, Franklin D.Franklin D. Roosevelt
Category:Franklin Delano Roosevelt Memorial, London on Wikimedia Commons
Statue Grosvenor Square

51°30′42″N 0°09′06″W / 51.5118°N 0.1516°W / 51.5118; -0.1516 (Franklin Delano Roosevelt)

1948 Sir Dick, William ReidWilliam Reid Dick B. W. L. Gallannaugh; Mary Jenks (lettering) Unveiled 12 April 1948 by Eleanor Roosevelt. The standing pose is intended to recall one of the moments when Roosevelt took the oath of office; he usually used a wheelchair due to his paralytic illness. Winston Churchill, who first proposed the statue, had hoped for a seated depiction of the President as a pendant to the statue of Abraham Lincoln on Parliament Square.[231] Grade II
Crouching Figure, Mayfair, London.JPG Crouching Figure No. 4 Sculpture Carlos Place

51°30′36″N 0°08′57″W / 51.510116°N 0.149074°W / 51.510116; -0.149074 (Crouching Figure No. 4)

1973 Greco, EmilioEmilio Greco Clavarino, LucaLuca Clavarino (1987 setting) Unveiled 20 November 1987.[232]
Horse and Rider by Elisabeth Frink, Dover Street, Mayfair.JPG Horse and Rider Equestrian statue Dover Street

51°30′27″N 0°08′29″W / 51.507615°N 0.141517°W / 51.507615; -0.141517 (Horse and Rider)

1974–5 Dame Frink, ElisabethElisabeth Frink
Frink's catalogue raisonné notes that these figures personify "the most desirable masculine qualities", namely "speed, resilience[,] intelligence, loyalty, affection, courage, sensitivity, beauty and free sensuality". Another cast was erected in Winchester High Street in 1983.[233]
Grosvenor Square entrance.jpg RAF Eagle Squadrons Memorial Memorial with sculpture Grosvenor Square

51°30′40″N 0°09′04″W / 51.511031°N 0.151140°W / 51.511031; -0.151140 (RAF Eagle Squadrons Memorial)

1986 Dame Frink, ElisabethElisabeth Frink Kempster, T. A.T. A. Kempster Unveiled 12 May 1986.[234]
Statue of Dwight Eisenhower, Grosvenor Square W1.JPG Eisenhower, Dwight D.Dwight D. Eisenhower Statue Grosvenor Square

51°30′42″N 0°09′10″W / 51.511605°N 0.152759°W / 51.511605; -0.152759 (Dwight D. Eisenhower)

1969 Dean, RobertRobert Dean Mayell Hart and Associates Unveiled 23 January 1989. A gift from the people of Kansas City, Missouri. Other casts of this statue are at West Point Military Academy and Eisenhower’s burial place in Abilene, Kansas.[235]
Copyright crystal grey.png Hat box motifs Tile motifs Bond Street tube station Jubilee line platforms 1979
Eckersley, TomTom Eckersley [100]
Ducking Pond Row Fountain, Hanover Square, London.JPG Ducking Pond Row Fountain Fountain with sculpture Hanover Square

51°30′50″N 0°08′38″W / 51.513761°N 0.143785°W / 51.513761; -0.143785 (Ducking Pond Row Fountain)

1988 Cooper, PaulPaul Cooper
Originally erected in Bond Street.[236]
Taichi Spin Kick, Old Park Lane W1.JPG Taichi Spin Kick Sculpture St Andrew’s Building, 17 Old Park Lane

51°30′17″N 0°09′00″W / 51.50484°N 0.149943°W / 51.50484; -0.149943 (Ducking Pond Row Fountain)

1991 Ju Ming
[237]
London - Marylebone - Allies.jpg Allies
Category:Allies by Lawrence Holofcener on Wikimedia Commons

Winston Churchill and Franklin Delano Roosevelt

Sculptural group New Bond Street

51°30′38″N 0°08′33″W / 51.510452°N 0.142507°W / 51.510452; -0.142507 (Allies)

1995 Holofcener, LawrenceLawrence Holofcener
Unveiled 2 May 1995, shortly before the 50th anniversary of VE Day, by Princess Margaret. The sculptor’s wife gifted the group to the nation, but the Royal Fine Art Commission ruled out a location in a central London park. The Bond Street Association then expressed an interest in the work.[238]
#
London Tile mural Lancashire Court, on the approach to the Handel House Museum 2001 Czerwinski, MichaelMichael Czerwinski (with Ray Howell)
Scenes of the city in ancient and modern times, hand-painted and in relief.[133]
Salmon Leap sculpture, Berkeley Square, London.JPG Salmon Leap Sculpture Outside 40 Berkeley Square

51°30′35″N 0°08′49″W / 51.509807°N 0.146958°W / 51.509807; -0.146958 (Silence)

2004 Cooper, MichaelMichael Cooper
Refers to the Tyburn which once ran nearby.[239]
Curzon Square, London W1.JPG Granite Sculptures Sculptures Curzon Square

51°30′22″N 0°09′03″W / 51.506042°N 0.150771°W / 51.506042; -0.150771 (Silence)

2004 Aiken, JohnJohn Aiken Rolfe Judd The bench-like sculptures are formed from black granite from Zimbabwe and silver-grey granite from Portugal spliced together.[240]
Untitled Glass panels on building Princes Street 2004 Beleschenko, AlexanderAlexander Beleschenko
[241]
Aspiration, Leconfield House, Curzon Street W1.JPG Aspiration Sculpture In front of Leconfield House, Curzon Street

51°30′23″N 0°08′59″W / 51.506486°N 0.149831°W / 51.506486; -0.149831 (Aspiration)

2006 Brown, JohnJohn Brown
[242]
New Burlington Flare Light installation New Burlington Place 2006 Bleyenberg, MichaelMichael Bleyenberg
[243]
Water feature Silence, Mayfair, London.JPG Silence

Sir Simon Milton

Water feature Mount Street / Carlos Place

51°30′37″N 0°08′57″W / 51.510149°N 0.149240°W / 51.510149; -0.149240 (Silence)

2011
Ando, TadaoTadao Ando et al. A raised granite-edged pool into which two trees are set, and which emits clouds of water vapour for fifteen seconds every fifteen minutes.[244] Jointly commissioned by the Grosvenor Estate and the Connaught Hotel; Blair Associates Architects and the Building Design Partnership were also involved the project.[245]
Copyright crystal grey.png Shop ’Til You Drop Graffiti Bruton Lane

51°30′38″N 0°08′37″W / 51.510477°N 0.143742°W / 51.510477; -0.143742 (Shop ’Til You Drop)

2011 Banksy
[246]
Statue of Ronald Reagan, Grosvenor Square W1.JPG Ronald Reagan
Category:Statue of Ronald Reagan, London on Wikimedia Commons
Statue Grosvenor Square

51°30′39″N 0°09′09″W / 51.510856°N 0.152416°W / 51.510856; -0.152416 (Ronald Reagan)

2011 Fagan, ChasChas Fagan
Unveiled 4 July 2011. Westminster City Council’s rule that a person may only be commemorated by a statue 10 years after their death was waived so that Margaret Thatcher could perform the unveiling,[247] but she proved too unwell to attend the ceremony. A fragment of the Berlin Wall is incorporated into the pedestal.[248]
Timelines Light installation Wilder Walk 2011 Schönbächler, DanielaDaniela Schönbächler Dixon Jones Architects [249]
Terza Rima Designs screenprinted onto windows and a bronze panel 9–15 Sackville Street 2011–12 Salter, RebeccaRebecca Salter JM Architects [250]
Portcullis Gates[251] Gates 33 Davies Street 2013 Ramshaw, WendyWendy Ramshaw HOK[252] 3.6 m-high bronze gates with abstract patterns of "flowing lines and intersecting arcs ... reflect[ing] the life and style of Mayfair", which can be lowered at night in the manner of a portcullis.[253]
An Age, An Instant Gate New Burlington Mews 2014 Smith, RonaRona Smith
Unveiled 29 April 2014. The artist took her inspiration from turn-of-the-century pocket watches, as this locale was a centre for the watchmaking trade in the early 20th century when the building’s façade was rebuilt.[254]
Elephant bronze outside Crown Aspinalls, Curzon Street W1.JPG Elephant Statue Aspinall's, Curzon Street
The gambling club’s founder, John Aspinall, is a noted wildlife enthusiast whose two animal parks in Kent, Howletts and Port Lympne, are funded by the club’s proceeds.[255]

Millbank[edit]

Millbank is a district by the River Thames, east of Pimlico. It is the location of Tate Britain (formerly the Tate Gallery) and of the Chelsea College of Arts.

Image Title / individual commemorated Type Location Date Artist Architect / Designer Notes Listing
Tate Britain - The Rescue of Andromeda.jpg The Rescue of Andromeda Sculptural group Outside Tate Britain

51°29′27″N 0°07′37″W / 51.490930°N 0.126875°W / 51.490930; -0.126875 (The Rescue of Andromeda)

1893 Henry Charles Fehr
A plaster model was exhibited in the Royal Academy in 1893 and cast in bronze, probably at the recommendation of Frederic, Lord Leighton. This was bought for the Tate the following year under the terms of the Chantrey Bequest. Initially displayed inside the gallery, it was moved to its present site in 1911, where the sculptor felt it was "swamped by heavy masonry".[256] Grade II*
(with building)
Statue of John Everett Millais by Thomas Brock 2011 01.jpg Sir John Everett Millais
Category:Statue of John Everett Millais by Thomas Brock on Wikimedia Commons
Statue John Islip Street, rear of Tate Britain

51°29′28″N 0°07′44″W / 51.491102°N 0.128936°W / 51.491102; -0.128936 (John Everett Millais)

1904 Sir Thomas Brock
Originally stood by the entrance of the gallery. By 1961 Sir Norman Reid, the Tate’s director, considered the statue to have a "positively harmful" effect and attempted have it replaced by Rodin’s sculpture of John the Baptist. In 2000 the statue was moved to the rear of the building after ownership was transferred from English Heritage to the Tate.[257] Grade II
Sculpture 'Dirce'-Tate Britain-Millbank-London.JPG The Death Of Dirce Sculptural group Outside Tate Britain

51°29′27″N 0°07′37″W / 51.490741°N 0.127031°W / 51.490741; -0.127031 (The Death of Dirce)

1906 Sir Charles Bennett Lawes-Wittewronge
Based on the Farnese Bull, a classical sculpture depicting the same subject. Presented to the Tate by the sculptor’s widow in 1911. A second, larger version in marble is in the grounds of Rothamsted Manor, the sculptor’s family estate in Hertfordshire.[258] Grade II*
(with building)
Two Piece Reclining Figure No.1 Sculpture By Henry Moore At 45 Millbank - London.jpg Two Piece Reclining Figure No. 1 Sculpture McGregor Courtyard, Chelsea College of Arts, Atterbury Road 1959 Henry Moore
Originally installed at the Chelsea School of Art’s newly-built Manresa Road campus in 1964, Moore’s sculpture took up residence at the college’s current location in 2010.[259]
Locking Piece - Henry Moore - geograph.org.uk - 1300464.jpg Locking Piece
Category:Locking Piece, Millbank on Wikimedia Commons
Sculpture Riverside Walk Gardens

51°29′21″N 0°07′40″W / 51.489055°N 0.127813°W / 51.489055; -0.127813 (Locking Piece)

1963–4 Henry Moore
Unveiled 19 July 1968. Moore had never been satisfied with the setting of the piece on a multi-faceted plinth by a fountain; these features were removed and the gardens re-landscaped in 2003.[260] Grade II
Statue on Millbank - geograph.org.uk - 838746.jpg Jeté
Category:Jeté by Enzo Plazzotta on Wikimedia Commons
Statue Millbank, south of Tate Britain

51°29′23″N 0°07′40″W / 51.489706°N 0.127681°W / 51.489706; -0.127681 (Jeté)

1975 Enzo Plazzotta
Unveiled 16 July 1985. Represents the dancer David Wall making his entrance in the ballet La Bayadère.[261]
Channel 4 building.jpg Big 4 Sculpture Channel 4 headquarters, Horseferry Road

51°29′45″N 0°07′59″W / 51.495944°N 0.132944°W / 51.495944; -0.132944 (Locking Piece)

2007
Freestate and Atelier One Unveiled 16 October 2007, for Channel 4’s 25th anniversary. The separate elements of the sculpture when seen from the right angle form the number 4, in the manner of the channel’s idents. The bare steel structure was designed to be adapted by artists who would create their own “skins”, thus constantly renewing the work.[262]
Search for Enlightenment at Millbank.jpg Search for Enlightenment Sculptures Riverside Walk Gardens

51°29′21″N 0°07′41″W / 51.489163°N 0.128028°W / 51.489163; -0.128028 (Search for Enlightenment)

2011 Simon Gudgeon
Unveiled 9 October 2011.[263] Two large, bronze heads in profile, shallow and hollowed-out with their faces upturned to the sky. The sculptor wished to comment on "the narrowness of consciousness, the vastness of time and the transience of humanity".[264] (See also another casting above.)
Tree sculpture Sculpture The Courthouse, Horseferry Road 2014 Price, TomTom Price Biotecture [265]

Paddington[edit]

Paddington is the area west of Marylebone, in the postal district W2. Much of the recent public art in the area is connected to the Paddington Waterside developments.

Image Title / individual commemorated Type Location Date Artist Architect / Designer Notes Listing
Statue of Sarah Siddons, Paddington Green.jpg Siddons, SarahSarah Siddons Statue Paddington Green

51°31′13″N 0°10′27″W / 51.5203°N 0.1741°W / 51.5203; -0.1741 (Sarah Siddons)

1897 Chavalliaud, Léon-JosephLéon-Joseph Chavalliaud
Unveiled 14 June 1897 by Sir Henry Irving.[266] Modelled after Sir Joshua Reynolds’s portrait Mrs Siddons as the Tragic Muse (1783), now in the Huntington Library, San Marino, California. Siddons attended St Mary’s Church on the Green and is buried in the churchyard, near her statue.[267] Grade II
War memorial, St Mary Magdalene, Paddington.jpg War memorial Crucifix St Mary Magdalene’s Church, Rowington Close

51°31′20″N 0°11′20″W / 51.522284°N 0.188794°W / 51.522284; -0.188794 (War memorial)

after 1918
Travers, MartinMartin Travers [268]
Jagger GWR memorial1.jpg Great Western Railway War Memorial
Category:GWR War Memorial on Wikimedia Commons
Stone screen with statue Facing Platform 1, Paddington station 1922 Jagger, Charles SargeantCharles Sargeant Jagger Tait, Thomas S.Thomas S. Tait Unveiled 11 November 1922 (Armistice Day) by Viscount Churchill.[269] The figure of a soldier stands reading a letter from home in front of a panel of black marble, suggesting the entrance to a trench dugout.[270] Grade I
(with station)
St Mary's Hospital, Paddington - geograph.org.uk - 527713.jpg World War II Memorial Gates Wrought iron gates Norfolk Place, between St Mary's Hospital and medical school

51°31′02″N 0°10′23″W / 51.517108°N 0.172996°W / 51.517108; -0.172996 (War memorial)

1950 (unveiled) Sir Wheeler, CharlesCharles Wheeler
Unveiled 20 July 1950.[271]
Paddington and St Marylebone Boy Scouts Memorial.JPG Paddington Boy Scouts Memorial Memorial Paddington Recreation Ground

51°31′45″N 0°11′27″W / 51.529128°N 0.190931°W / 51.529128; -0.190931 (Paddington and St Marylebone Boy Scouts Memorial)

1952 (unveiled)
Commemorates the Boy Scouts of Paddington killed in World War II. The symbol of a circle with a dot in the centre is a sign used by Scouts meaning "gone home".[272]
Murals Murals Westway flyover, near Royal Oak tube station 1976–7 Public Art Workshop (Desmond Rochford and David Binnington)[273]
Dedicated "to the working people of Paddington"; a critic for the Observer noted shortly after the murals’ completion that "a large dose of social realism has done wonders for the grey desert of Royal Oak".[274]
Statue IKBrunel PaddingtonStn DMS 05122005-003-1.jpg Brunel, Isambard KingdomIsambard Kingdom Brunel
Category:Isambard Kingdom Brunel statue, London Paddington station on Wikimedia Commons
Statue Paddington station 1982 Doubleday, JohnJohn Doubleday
Unveiled 26 May 1982. One of two statues of Brunel commissioned by the Bristol & West building society; its companion, a standing figure, was unveiled in Bristol the same day.[275] Originally stood on the main concourse at the entrance to the Underground; relocated in 1998.[276]
Copyright crystal grey.png Tile motifs Overprinted industrial ceramic tiles Paddington station 1984–7 Hamilton, DavidDavid Hamilton
The scheme reproduces patent drawings for Sir Marc Isambard Brunel’s early tunnelling shield for the Thames Tunnel, a precursor to those used for the London Underground.[277]
The Messenger, St Mary's Hospital.jpg The Messenger Statue In front of St Mary’s Hospital, South Wharf Road

51°31′04″N 0°10′27″W / 51.517731°N 0.174236°W / 51.517731; -0.174236 (The Messenger)

1993 Sly, AllanAllan Sly
[278]
Westway at Paddington.jpg Walking Man and Standing Man Statues PaddingtonCentral

51°31′12″N 0°10′48″W / 51.519925°N 0.180042°W / 51.519925; -0.180042 (Walking Man and Standing Man)

1998 and 2000 Henry, SeanSean Henry
[279]
PaddingtonStation-PaddingtonBear.jpg Paddington Bear Statue Paddington station 2000 Cornish, MarcusMarcus Cornish
Unveiled 24 February 2000 by Michael Bond, the character’s creator.[280] Represents his first appearance in A Bear Called Paddington (1958), sitting on a battered suitcase with a label round his neck reading "Please look after this bear. Thank you."[281]
The Family, Sheldon Square W2.jpg The Family Sculptural group PaddingtonCentral (Sheldon Square)

51°31′10″N 0°10′49″W / 51.519541°N 0.180288°W / 51.519541; -0.180288 (The Family)

2001 Buck, JonJon Buck
[279]
One Kingdom Street.jpg Untitled (Yellow) Sculpture PaddingtonCentral (One Kingdom Street)

51°31′09″N 0°10′55″W / 51.519172°N 0.181828°W / 51.519172; -0.181828 (Mary Seacole, Alan Turing and Michael Bond)

2001 Gontarski, StephenStephen Gontarski
Made of glass fibre painted bright yellow and lacquered, the sculpture is intended to invite a "corporeal reception by the public" and to "create a heart in the midst of an urban setting."[279][282]
Paddington Basin Sculpture.jpg Lock, Level, Line Sculptures West End Quay, Paddington Basin

51°31′07″N 0°10′17″W / 51.518526°N 0.171511°W / 51.518526; -0.171511 (Lock, Level, Line)

2004 Lane, DannyDanny Lane
The work consists of four towers made from stacked corten steel and layered glass, which are intended to reflect the changing levels of water in the lock.[283]
Sculpture in Cleveland Terrace, London.jpg Clove 2007 Sculpture Cleveland Terrace

51°31′03″N 0°10′48″W / 51.517399°N 0.180006°W / 51.517399; -0.180006 (Clove 2007)

2007 Kneale, BryanBryan Kneale
[284]
Billy Bob and Meshki.jpg Billy Bob & Mishke Sculpture PaddingtonCentral

51°31′09″N 0°10′58″W / 51.519182°N 0.182877°W / 51.519182; -0.182877 (BillyBob & Mishke)

2008 Webb, GaryGary Webb
Pendant sculptures, located in water features at the extreme edge of the PaddingtonCentral development, of metal frameworks which support "blobs" of steel, painted in bright colours.[279][282]
Europea 1 or 2.jpg Europea 1 and Europea 2 Sculptures PaddingtonCentral

51°31′10″N 0°10′52″W / 51.519414°N 0.181022°W / 51.519414; -0.181022 (Europea 1 or 2)
51°31′09″N 0°10′52″W / 51.519127°N 0.181037°W / 51.519127; -0.181037 (Europea 1 or 2)

2008 Aiken, JohnJohn Aiken
Twin sculptures fashioned from Portuguese silver-grey granite with coloured enamel panels attached.[279][282]
Michael Bond, Saint Mary's Square, Paddington.jpg Mary Seacole, Alan Turing and Michael Bond (pictured) Statues St Mary’s Square

51°31′13″N 0°10′36″W / 51.520386°N 0.176756°W / 51.520386; -0.176756 (Mary Seacole, Alan Turing and Michael Bond)

2013
Three two-dimensional steel statues of notable people who lived (or in Bond’s case, still live) in Paddington, as voted for by local residents. From the Portrait Bench series of similar sculptures, commissioned by the charity Sustrans to stand along new cycling routes.[285]

Pimlico[edit]

Pimlico is a triangular area between the River Thames and Belgravia, bounded by Vauxhall Bridge Road to the east and the railway line into Victoria Station in the west.[286]

Image Title / individual commemorated Type Location Date Artist / Designer Architect Notes Listing
WilliamHuskissonPimlico.jpg William Huskisson
Category:Statue of William Huskisson, Pimlico on Wikimedia Commons
Statue Pimlico Gardens

51°29′08″N 0°08′00″W / 51.485587°N 0.133438°W / 51.485587; -0.133438 (William Huskisson)

1836 John Gibson
Commissioned for a site outside the Custom House in Liverpool. This was Gibson’s second version of the statue originally in Huskisson’s mausoleum in St James Cemetery, Liverpool (now in the Walker Art Gallery).[287] Moved to the Royal Exchange before coming to the present site in 1915.[288]
First and Second World War Memorial O-S St Saviours Church Lupus Street - geograph.org.uk - 1115263.jpg War memorial Crucifix St Saviour’s church, Lupus Street

51°29′19″N 0°08′08″W / 51.488547°N 0.135468°W / 51.488547; -0.135468 (St Saviour’s War Memorial)

after 1918
Commemorates parishioners who died in both World Wars.[289]
Dolphin mosaic Mosaic Dolphin Square c. 1937
This mosaic, which has been described as having an "Hellenic" appearance, was originally situated at the main entrance of the Dolphin Square development but was moved to its present location during renovation work.[290]
Copyright crystal grey.png Spot motif Tiled pattern Pimlico tube station platforms 1972c. 1972 Peter Sedgeley
Eduardo Paolozzi's Ventilation Tower Sculpture, Pimlico Tube Station - London.jpg Cooling tower panels
Category:Cooling Tower Panels (Eduardo Paolozzi) on Wikimedia Commons
Sculpture Ventilation shaft above Pimlico tube station

51°29′21″N 0°07′59″W / 51.489223°N 0.133006°W / 51.489223; -0.133006 (Cooling tower panels)

1979–82 Eduardo Paolozzi
Dolphin Fountain Fountain with sculptural group Dolphin Square

51°29′11″N 0°08′10″W / 51.486444°N 0.136243°W / 51.486444; -0.136243 (Dolphin Fountain)

1987 James Butler
Installed to mark the 50th anniversary of the building of Dolphin Square.[291]
Thomas Cubitt Statue.jpg Thomas Cubitt
Category:Statue of Thomas Cubitt, Pimlico on Wikimedia Commons
Statue Denbigh Street

51°29′19″N 0°08′19″W / 51.488604°N 0.138713°W / 51.488604; -0.138713 (Thomas Cubitt)

1994–5 William Fawke
The site is adjacent to that of the workshops used by Cubitt in the building of Pimlico. He is depicted with a yardstick in hand, selecting a brick to measure from underneath the tarpaulin. Another cast of the statue is in Dorking, Surrey.[292]
The Helmsman, Pimlico Gardens.jpg The Helmsman Sculpture Pimlico Gardens

51°29′07″N 0°08′04″W / 51.485373°N 0.134478°W / 51.485373; -0.134478 (The Helmsman)

1996 André Wallace
Wallace is primarily interested in subjects involving journeys or transportation. This sculpture, of a figure at the helm of a boat, was the winning entry in a competition between five artists; it was felt to reflect the area’s maritime history.[293]
Sculpture on Thames side path - geograph.org.uk - 1194491.jpg River Cut Tide Sculpture Riverside walk adjacent to Grosvenor Road

51°29′09″N 0°07′56″W / 51.4858669°N 0.1323326°W / 51.4858669; -0.1323326 (River Cut Tide)

2002 Paul Mason
Also nearby is a slate tablet, again by Mason, marking the site of the confluence of the river Tyburn and the Thames.[294]
Roller Skater by Andre Wallace.jpg Roller Skater Sculpture Vauxhall Bridge Road

51°29′27″N 0°08′04″W / 51.490864°N 0.134322°W / 51.490864; -0.134322 (Roller Skater)

2010 André Wallace
The artist wished to make a sculpture "that would be positive and dynamic and reflect the youth and vitality of an urban street."[295]

Regent’s Park[edit]

Part of Regent’s Park lies outside the City of Westminster; for works not listed here see the List of public art in Camden.

Regent's Park is one of London’s Royal Parks, located partly in the London Borough of Camden and partly in the City of Westminster. The sculptures in Queen Mary’s Gardens (laid out in the 1930s within the Inner Circle or Regent’s Park)[296] were bequeathed by the artist Sigismund Goetze, who lived nearby at Grove House from 1907 until his death in 1939.[297] In 1944 his widow Constance Goetze established a trust fund in his memory, known as the Constance Fund, for the financing of new sculpture in London’s parks.[298]

Image Title / individual commemorated Type Location Date Artist Architect Notes Listing
Eagle Sculpture, Queen Mary's Gardens.jpg Eagle Statue Queen Mary’s Gardens, near the Island Rock Garden

51°31′36″N 0°09′11″W / 51.5266°N 0.1530°W / 51.5266; -0.1530 (Eagle)

early 19th century Anonymous; thought to be Japanese
Naturalistic bronze statue of an eagle, with wings outspread, landing on a rock. Presented to the Royal Parks in 1974.[299] Grade II
Lion Tazza, Regent's Park.jpg Lion Tazza
Category:Lion Tazza (Regent's Park) on Wikimedia Commons
Stone bowl supported by sculpted winged lions Avenue Gardens

51°31′36″N 0°08′53″W / 51.526713°N 0.148176°W / 51.526713; -0.148176 (Lion Tazza)

1863 Austin and Seeley
[300]
Fountain of Cowasji Jehangir Readymoney in the Regent's Park in London, June 2013 (4).jpg Readymoney Drinking Fountain
Sir Cowasji Jehangir Readymoney
Category:Fountain of Cowasji Jehangir Readymoney on Wikimedia Commons
Drinking fountain Broad Walk

51°31′58″N 0°09′02″W / 51.532761°N 0.150676°W / 51.532761; -0.150676 (Readymoney Drinking Fountain)

1869
A gift from the Indian industrialist, in thanks for the protection of the Parsis under British rule. Unveiled by Princess Mary of Teck.[300]
Hylas by Henry Alfred Pegram, St John's Lodge Garden.JPG Hylas and the Nymph Fountain with sculptural group St John’s Lodge garden

51°31′45″N 0°09′06″W / 51.5292°N 0.1516°W / 51.5292; -0.1516 (Hylas and the Nymph)

1894 Henry Alfred Pegram
Originally titled The Bather. Part of the formal "Dutch" or "Old English" garden in front of St John’s Lodge. Presented to the park in 1933.[301] Grade II
London Zoo - Stealing the Cubs.jpg Stealing the Cubs Sculptural group West of Three Island Pond, London Zoo

51°32′06″N 0°09′10″W / 51.535017°N 0.152867°W / 51.535017; -0.152867 (Stealing the Cubs)

1906 (erected) Henri Teixeira de Mattos
Donated to the Zoological Society of London by J. B. Wolff in 1906.[302]
Sculpture 'The Lost Bow'-Queen Mary's Garden-Regents Park-London.JPG The Lost Bow Sculpture Queen Mary’s Gardens

51°31′38″N 0°09′10″W / 51.5273°N 0.1527°W / 51.5273; -0.1527 (The Lost Bow)

1913 Albert Hodge
Ornamental sculpture of a putto sitting astride a vulture, believed to have been commissioned by Sigismund Goetze for Grove House. Presented to Queen Mary’s Gardens in 1939.[303] Grade II
A Mighty Hunter, Queen Mary's Gardens, Regent's Park.JPG A Mighty Hunter Sculpture Queen Mary’s Gardens

51°31′39″N 0°09′09″W / 51.5275°N 0.1524°W / 51.5275; -0.1524 (A Mighty Hunter)

1913 Albert Hodge
Bronze sculpture of a putto wrestling with a duck, a pendant to The Lost Bow.[304] (See above.) Grade II
Zoological Society of London War Memorial (03).jpg Zoological Society of London War Memorial
Category:Zoological Society of London War Memorial on Wikimedia Commons
War memorial Outside the Butterfly House, London Zoo

51°32′06″N 0°09′09″W / 51.535°N 0.152383°W / 51.535; -0.152383 (Zoological Society of London War Memorial)

1919
John James Joass Based on a medieval Lanterne des Morts, a memorial to the dead in La Souterraine in the Creuse Valley, France. Joass was also the co-designer, with Sir Peter Chalmers Mitchell, of the Zoo’s Mappin Terraces, built 1913–14.[305]
The Goatherd's Daughter.jpg The Goatherd’s Daughter

Gertrude and Harold Baillie Weaver

Statue St John’s Lodge garden

51°31′46″N 0°09′05″W / 51.5294°N 0.1515°W / 51.5294; -0.1515 (The Goatherd’s Daughter)

1922 Charles Leonard Hartwell
The statue was first exhibited in 1929, when it won the silver medal of the Royal British Society of Sculptors. It was erected on this site in 1931 by the National Council for Animal Welfare, in honour of its founders.[306] Grade II
Gate to Queen Mary's Garden, Regent's Park - geograph.org.uk - 921121.jpg Jubilee Gates Gates Queen Mary’s Gardens

51°31′42″N 0°09′05″W / 51.528275°N 0.15129°W / 51.528275; -0.15129 (Jubilee Gates)

1935
The gates commemorate the Silver Jubilee of George V and the official opening of Queen Mary's Gardens.[300] Grade II
Boy and Frog, Queen Mary's Gardens, Regent's Park.JPG Boy and Frog Fountain with sculpture Queen Mary’s Gardens

51°31′38″N 0°09′16″W / 51.5273°N 0.1545°W / 51.5273; -0.1545 (Boy and Frog)

1936 (donated) Sir William Reid Dick
A gift of Sigismund Goetze.[300] Grade II
Triton Fountain, Queen Mary's Gardens.jpg Triton
Category:Triton Fountain, Regent's Park on Wikimedia Commons
Sigismund Goetze
Fountain with sculptural group Queen Mary’s Gardens

51°31′44″N 0°09′11″W / 51.528933°N 0.153138°W / 51.528933; -0.153138 (Triton Fountain)

1936 William McMillan
Due to the Second World War the fountain was not installed until 1950, when it was awarded a gold medal award for the best sculpture exhibited in London that year.[307] The site was formerly occupied by a large conservatory belonging to the Royal Botanic Society, demolished in 1931.[300] Grade II
ZSL London - Lion's head sculpture (01).jpg Lion’s head Sculpture New Lion Terraces, London Zoo c. 1970 William Timym
Presented to the Zoo by the sculptor in September 1976.[308] Also on the New Lion Terraces is another sculpted head of a lion, a fragment from the demolished Lion House of 1875–6.[305]
London Zoo - Winnie.jpg Bear Cub or Winnie Memorial
Winnipeg the Bear
Statue Behind the Reptile House, London Zoo

51°32′05″N 0°09′23″W / 51.534851°N 0.156311°W / 51.534851; -0.156311 (Bear Cub)

1981 Lorne McKean
Unveiled by Christopher Robin Milne in September 1981, the statue commemorates Winnie-the-Pooh’s namesake, a back bear cub which lived in London Zoo from 1915 until her death in 1934.[309] The statue was a gift from the Trustees of Pooh Properties.[310]
ZSL London - Guy the Gorilla sculpture (02).jpg Guy the Gorilla Statue Near main entrance, London Zoo

51°32′08″N 0°09′21″W / 51.535583°N 0.155967°W / 51.535583; -0.155967 (Guy the Gorilla)

1982 William Timym
Unveiled 10 November 1982.[311] A gift from Timym, the statue originally stood on the south side of the Michael Sobell Pavilions for Apes and Monkeys, but by 2009 it had been moved to its current site.[312]
London Zoo - The Seated Hand.jpg The Seated Hand Sculpture Next to the Macaw Aviary, London Zoo

51°32′07″N 0°09′08″W / 51.535383°N 0.152117°W / 51.535383; -0.152117 (Guy the Gorilla)

1988 Diane Maclean
[313]
Sundial - Flickr - p a h.jpg Globe Sundial Sundial Next to the Macaw Aviary, London Zoo

51°32′05″N 0°09′07″W / 51.534817°N 0.151967°W / 51.534817; -0.151967 (Guy the Gorilla)

1989 Wendy Taylor
Plaque inscribed This Globe Sundial shows in miniature how the Earth/ is bathed in sunlight./ Time is indicated by the fin which casts the least shadow./ The combination of the tilt of the earth's axis and the/ varying speed of its progress on an elliptical path around/ the sun causes a difference between the time shown and/ mean time of up to 16 minutes. The greatest differences/ occur in February and October.[314] A work in aluminium on a brick pedestal, it was a gift of Alcan Aluminium Ltd.[315]
Memorial to Anne Sharpley, St John's Lodge Garden.JPG Memorial to Anne Sharpley Urn St John’s Lodge garden

51°31′44″N 0°09′05″W / 51.528987°N 0.151477°W / 51.528987; -0.151477 (Anne Sharpley Memorial)

after 1989
Plinth inscribed In affectionate/ memory of/ ANNE SHARPLEY/ 1928 – 1989/ journalist/ who/ loved this garden.[316] Sharpley was a reporter for the Evening Standard.[317]
ZSL London - Dove sculpture (01).jpg Dove Sculpture Members’ Lawn, London Zoo

51°32′09″N 0°09′15″W / 51.535717°N 0.154167°W / 51.535717; -0.154167 (Dove)

c. 1990
[318]
ZSL London - New Life (01).jpg New Life Sculpture In front of Education building, London Zoo

51°32′11″N 0°09′29″W / 51.53646°N 0.157997°W / 51.53646; -0.157997 (New Life)

1990 Willi Soukop
[319]
London Zoo, Ambika Paul Memorial Fountain.jpg Ambika Paul Memorial Fountain Fountain with sculpture Ambika Paul Children’s Zoo, London Zoo

51°32′05″N 0°09′13″W / 51.534833°N 0.1535°W / 51.534833; -0.1535 (Ambika Paul Memorial Fountain)

1994 Shenda Amery
Ambika Paul was the daughter of Swraj Paul, later a peer, who funded the Children’s Zoo named in her memory. She died of leukaemia, aged 5, in 1968.[320]
London Zoo - Harry Colebourn and Winnie.jpg Harry Colebourn and Winnipeg the Bear Sculptural group Children’s Zoo (behind café), London Zoo

51°32′00″N 0°09′09″W / 51.533353°N 0.152575°W / 51.533353; -0.152575 (Harry Colebourn and Winnipeg the Bear)

1995 (unveiled) Bill Epp
This second memorial to the inspiration for Winnie-the-Pooh shows the bear with the Canadian soldier who donated her to the Zoo;[321] A cast of a group originally unveiled in Assiniboine Park Zoo, Winnipeg, Canada, in 1992. The model for the figure of Colebourn was his son, Fred.[322]
Plaque in pavement, Broad Walk, Regent's Park.jpg Plaque commemorating restoration of gardens Plaque in pavement Broad Walk

51°31′36″N 0°08′52″W / 51.526702°N 0.147888°W / 51.526702; -0.147888 (Plaque commemorating restoration of gardens)

1996 Richard Kindersley
Inscribed THIS PLAQUE CELEBRATES THE RESTORATION OF THE AVENUE GARDENS BETWEEN 1993 & 1996. THESE GARDENS WERE DESIGNED BY WILLIAM ANDREWS NESFIELD, 1794–1881 & CREATED BETWEEN 1863 & 1865.[323]
The Awakening, St John's Lodge Garden.JPG The Awakening
Anne Lydia Evans
Sculpture St John’s Lodge garden

51°31′44″N 0°09′04″W / 51.528998°N 0.151123°W / 51.528998; -0.151123 (The Awakening)

1998[324] Unus Safardiar
Plinth inscribed THE AWAKENING/ IN/ FOND MEMORY OF/ ANNE LYDIA EVANS/ 1929 – 1999/ WHO SHARED/ THE SECRET/ OF THIS GARDEN.[325] Evans was a general practitioner in Marylebone who campaigned to improve the medical care of victims of torture.[326]
London Zoo - Bronze statue of wild cats.jpg Unseen Prey Sculptural group Members’ Lawn, London Zoo

51°32′09″N 0°09′15″W / 51.535717°N 0.154167°W / 51.535717; -0.154167 (Unseen Prey)

c. 1999 Shenda Amery
Amery’s website gives the following commentary on the work: "Here the artist is expressing the violent force of nature, but without malice. We see two cheetahs frozen in the moment of their pursuit, their prey is unseen. The outcome of the chase is invariably the kill, but the cheetahs are working in co-operation and are hunting out of necessity in order to survive."[327]
Not life size - Flickr - p a h.jpg Dung Beetles Sculptural group B.U.G.S., London Zoo

51°32′03″N 0°09′06″W / 51.534217°N 0.151683°W / 51.534217; -0.151683 (Dung Beetles)

1999 Wendy Taylor
Unveiled July 1999 by Queen Elizabeth II when opening the Web of Life exhibition, now called B.U.G.S.[328]
London Zoo - Animal Adventure - Bust of Swraj Paul - The Lord Paul of Marylebone.jpg Swraj Paul, Baron Paul Bust Ambika Paul Children’s Zoo, London Zoo

51°32′02″N 0°09′16″W / 51.533983°N 0.154333°W / 51.533983; -0.154333 (Lord Paul)

2002 (erected) Sadiq[329]
A donation of £1m from Paul, an Indian-born industrialist, prevented the Zoo from being closed down in 1992.[330]
Sundial Sundial Thames Water Garden, London Zoo 2003 David Harber
[331]
London Zoo - near the Gorilla Kingdom - statues of gorillas (2).jpg Gorillas Sculptures Gorilla Kingdom, London Zoo 2007 Bruce Pollin
[332]
Clock in London Zoo.jpg Clock Animated clock Blackburn Pavilion (Tropical Aviary), London Zoo

51°32′01″N 0°09′08″W / 51.53355°N 0.152117°W / 51.53355; -0.152117 (Blackburn Pavilion Clock)

2008 Tim Hunkin
The result of a commission on the theme of Victorian attitudes towards nature, Hunkin’s clock takes inspiration from the work of the cartoonist Saul Steinberg and from Rowland Emett’s Guinness Clock for the 1951 Festival of Britain.[333]
ZSL London - Giant Tortoise sculpture (03).jpg Giant Tortoise Sculpture Giant tortoises display, London Zoo

51°32′05″N 0°09′21″W / 51.534725°N 0.155787°W / 51.534725; -0.155787 (Giant Tortoise)

2009 Owen Cunningham
[334]
London Zoo 11-03-2013.jpg Boris the Polar Bear Statue Broad Walk, near the Amphitheatre, London Zoo

51°32′07″N 0°09′13″W / 51.535283°N 0.153583°W / 51.535283; -0.153583 (Boris the Polar Bear)

2012 Adam Binder
Originally displayed for a month in Sloane Square, the life-size bronze statue of a polar bear then became a permanent fixture at the Zoo.[335]
ZSL London - Hari and his Mother sculpture (01).jpg Hari and his Mother Sculptural group Entrance to Tiger Territory, London Zoo

51°32′05″N 0°09′17″W / 51.534733°N 0.1548°W / 51.534733; -0.1548 (Hari and his Mother)

2013 Linden Hamilton
This replaced a statue by Carol Orwin titled Meow or Newborn Tiger Cub which was previously on the site.[336]
ZSL London - Hari Stretches sculpture (02).jpg Hari Stretches Statue Tiger Territory, London Zoo

51°32′05″N 0°09′22″W / 51.53465°N 0.156183°W / 51.53465; -0.156183 (Hari Stretches)

2013 Christine Close
A copper and bronze resin sculpture of a tiger stretching itself.[337]
ZSL London - Pouncer (04).jpg Pouncer Sculptures Tiger Territory, London Zoo

51°32′05″N 0°09′18″W / 51.534783°N 0.15505°W / 51.534783; -0.15505 (Pouncer)

2013 Carol Orwin
A bronze statue of a tiger cub learning to hunt, its eyes set on a flying frog.[338]
ZSL London - Territorial Challenge (02).jpg Territorial Challenge Statue Tiger Territory, London Zoo

51°32′03″N 0°09′18″W / 51.534133°N 0.154983°W / 51.534133; -0.154983 (Territorial Challenge)

2013 Teresa Martin
An iron and marble resin statue of a tiger on its hind legs, fighting.[339]
ZSL London - Tiger going for a swim sculpture (01).jpg Tiger Going for a Swim Sculpture Tiger Territory, London Zoo

51°32′03″N 0°09′17″W / 51.53415°N 0.154783°W / 51.53415; -0.154783 (Tiger Going for a Swim)

2013 Christy Symington
A bronze resin sculpture of a partly submerged tiger.[340]

St James’s[edit]

St James’s is the area bounded to the north by Piccadilly, to the west by Green Park, to the south by The Mall and St James’s Park and to the east by the Haymarket.

Image Title / individual commemorated Type Location Date Sculptor Architect / Designer Notes Listing
William III statue, St James's Square.jpg William III
Category:Equestrian statue of William III, St James's Square, London on Wikimedia Commons
Equestrian statue St James’s Square

51°30′26″N 0°08′07″W / 51.507221°N 0.135311°W / 51.507221; -0.135311 (William III)

1807 John Bacon, Jr.
Very likely to a design of the sculptor’s father John Bacon, Senior, dating to 1794. The design is probably inspired by John Michael Rysbrack’s equestrian statue of William III in Queen Square, Bristol.[341] Grade I
Prince Frederick, Duke of York and Albany column.jpg Duke of York Column
Category:Duke of York Column on Wikimedia Commons

Prince Frederick, Duke of York and Albany

Statue on column Waterloo Place

51°30′23″N 0°07′54″W / 51.506331°N 0.131761°W / 51.506331; -0.131761 (Duke of York Column)

1832–4 Sir Richard Westmacott Benjamin Dean Wyatt The Duke, in his Garter robes, stands atop an unfluted Doric column. Westmacott intended for the statue to face north towards Regent Street, but William IV, on the Duke of Wellington’s advice, requested that it face the Horse Guards to the south. The column was completed in 1832 and the statue raised on 3 April 1834.[342] Grade I
Statue of George III, Pall Mall SW1.jpg George III
Category:Statue of George III, Pall Mall, London on Wikimedia Commons
Equestrian statue Cockspur Street, facing down Pall Mall

51°30′28″N 0°07′50″W / 51.5078°N 0.1305°W / 51.5078; -0.1305 (George III)

1836c. 1836 Matthew Cotes Wyatt
Unveiled 3 August 1836 by the Duke of Cumberland. After the King’s death in 1820 Wyatt designed an ambitious multi-figure monument, but there were too few subscriptions for the project to go ahead. Fund-raising recommenced in 1831. The statue came to be nicknamed "the Pigtail and Pump-head".[343] Grade II
Buckingham Palace Gates. London. 1905.jpg

Buckingham-palace.jpg

Buckingham Palace Gates
Category:Front gates of Buckingham Palace on Wikimedia Commons
Gates and piers with sculptural decoration Forecourt of Buckingham Palace

51°30′05″N 0°08′29″W / 51.5015°N 0.1413°W / 51.5015; -0.1413 (Buckingham Palace Gates)

1850–1 (N)
1904–8 (S)
1911 (centre)
John Thomas, W. S. Frith, Walter Gilbert, Louis Weingartner Decimus Burton, Sir Aston Webb Burton's gates were installed after the removal of Marble Arch, formerly the ceremonial entrance to the palace. Webb commissioned the Bromsgrove Guild to produce replicas with minor variations, which were erected on the southern side. The central gates were added at the request of George V.[344] Grade I
Crimea monument London 2.jpg The Guards Crimean War Memorial
Category:Crimean War MEmorial, London on Wikimedia Commons
Memorial with sculpture Waterloo Place

51°30′27″N 0°07′58″W / 51.5074°N 0.1327°W / 51.5074; -0.1327 (The Guards Crimean War Memorial)

1858–62 John Bell
The figures at the base of the plinth are of a Grenadier, a Fusilier and a Coldstream Guard; the crowning figure represents Honour. They are cast in bronze from cannon captured at the Siege of Sevastopol.[345] Grade II
Drinking Fountain Statue, St James' Park - London.jpg The Boy
Category:The Greek Boy Fountain, 1863, by Lady von Gleichen on Wikimedia Commons
Drinking fountain with sculpture St James’s Park

51°30′04″N 0°08′03″W / 51.5012°N 0.1341°W / 51.5012; -0.1341 (The Boy Drinking Fountain)

1863 Charles Henry Mabey for Robert Jackson & Son
A marble figure of a boy naked to the waist, set on a granite plinth with marble panels. The badly worn and much vandalised sculpture was repaired in 1993 and unveiled by Douglas Hurd.[346] Grade II
John Franklin statue.jpg Rear-Admiral Sir John Franklin Statue Waterloo Place

51°30′23″N 0°07′56″W / 51.5064°N 0.1322°W / 51.5064; -0.1322 (Sir John Franklin)

1866 Matthew Noble
Unveiled 15 November 1866. Franklin is depicted in the act of announcing the discovery of the Northwest Passage to his officers and crew. At the back of the pedestal is a map of the Arctic, showing the positions of the boats and crews at the moment of Franklin's burial.[347] Grade II
Statue of Sidney Herbert, Waterloo Place.jpg Sidney Herbert, 1st Baron Herbert of Lea Statue Waterloo Place

51°30′26″N 0°07′58″W / 51.5073°N 0.1327°W / 51.5073; -0.1327 (Lord Herbert of Lea)

1867 John Henry Foley Thomas Henry Wyatt Unveiled 1 June 1867 in Pall Mall. Moved to the courtyard of the War Office, Whitehall, in 1906. In 1915 it was moved to Waterloo Place to become a pendant sculpture to that of Florence Nightingale, which was given a matching pedestal.[348] Grade II
Colin Campbell Memorial.jpg Field Marshal Colin Campbell, 1st Baron Clyde Statue and other sculpture Waterloo Place

51°30′24″N 0°07′54″W / 51.5067°N 0.1317°W / 51.5067; -0.1317 (Colin Campbell, Lord Clyde)

1867 Carlo Marochetti
The statue stands on a cylindrical granite pedestal; on a lower base projecting from this is a group of Victory seated on a lion.[349] Originally intended for Horse Guards Parade, but when the pedestal was installed there the Admiralty complained that it was blocking their entrance, and the site was changed.[350] Grade II
John Fox Burgoyne Statue.jpg Field Marshal Sir John Fox Burgoyne Statue Waterloo Place

51°30′23″N 0°07′56″W / 51.5065°N 0.1323°W / 51.5065; -0.1323 (John Fox Burgoyne)

1877 Sir Joseph Edgar Boehm
Originally intended to stand outside the War Office in Whitehall. Boehm incorporated a tiny group of Saint George and the Dragon by his pupil Alfred Gilbert at the end of Burgoyne’s baton.[351] Grade II
Lawrence Statue.jpg John Lawrence, 1st Baron Lawrence Statue Waterloo Place

51°30′24″N 0°07′54″W / 51.5066°N 0.1316°W / 51.5066; -0.1316 (Lord Lawrence)

1885 Sir Joseph Edgar Boehm
A replacement for Boehm’s statue of 1882, which was heavily criticised for its realism. This was presented to Lahore, where it proved equally controversial; in 1962 it was brought to Derry and erected in front of Foyle College, Lawrence's old school.[352] Grade II
Queen Victoria statue, Carlton House Terrace.JPG Queen Victoria Statue Forecourt of 16 Carlton House Terrace

51°30′24″N 0°07′50″W / 51.506590°N 0.130659°W / 51.506590; -0.130659 (Queen Victoria)

1898–1902c. 1898–1902 Sir Thomas Brock
Unveiled 5 February 1902 by Lord Salisbury in the Junior Constitutional Club, Piccadilly; sold in 1940. Moved to the present site in 1971, when this building was being used as an annexe of the National Portrait Gallery.[353]
Victoria.memorial.london.arp.jpg Victoria Memorial
Category:Victoria Memorial, London on Wikimedia Commons

Queen Victoria

Memorial with sculpture Queen Victoria Memorial Gardens, The Mall

51°30′07″N 0°08′26″W / 51.501855°N 0.140619°W / 51.501855; -0.140619 (Victoria Memorial)

1901–24 Sir Thomas Brock
Unveiled 16 May 1911 by George V. Brock was adamant that he, and not Aston Webb, was responsible for the architectural design of the memorial. Despite never having travelled to France, he produced a work that was convincingly abreast with belle époque fashion.[354] Grade I
Memorial to The Royal Marines.jpg Royal Marines
Memorial
Category:Royal Marines Memorial, The Mall on Wikimedia Commons
Memorial with sculpture The Mall

51°30′24″N 0°07′46″W / 51.5066°N 0.1295°W / 51.5066; -0.1295 (Royal Marines Memorial)

1903 Adrian Jones Sir Thomas Graham Jackson Unveiled 25 April 1903 by the Prince of Wales, on a site now occupied by the Admiralty Citadel. Removed in 1940 and reinstalled on the Mall in 1948.[355] Grade II
Australia Gate pier with boy, ram and shield.png Australia Gate Piers with sculptural decoration Queen Victoria Memorial Gardens

51°30′04″N 0°08′24″W / 51.501153°N 0.139915°W / 51.501153; -0.139915 (Australia Gate)

1905–8 Francis Derwent Wood Sir Aston Webb The nude boys on the two piers hold the 1908 coat of arms of Australia; the western boy is accompanied by a kangaroo and the eastern by a Merino ram.[356] Grade I
Canada Gate - Green Park, London England.jpg Canada Gate
Category:Canada Gate and Canada Memorial on Wikimedia Commons
Gates and piers with sculptural decoration Queen Victoria Memorial Gardens

51°30′09″N 0°08′29″W / 51.5025°N 0.1414°W / 51.5025; -0.1414 (Canada Gate)

1905–8 Henry Alfred Pegram Sir Aston Webb The nude boys on the outermost piers hold the 1868 arms of Canada and have attributes referring to fishing and agriculture. The gates were produced by the Bromsgrove Guild.[357] Grade I
Buckingham Palace IMG 9239.JPG South Africa Gate Piers with sculptural decoration Queen Victoria Memorial Gardens

51°30′08″N 0°08′22″W / 51.502295°N 0.139537°W / 51.502295; -0.139537 (South Africa Gate)

1905–8 Alfred Drury Sir Aston Webb The nude boy on the northern pier, representing South Africa, holds a shield with the arms of the Cape Colony; that on the southern, representing West Africa, holds a blank shield.[357] Grade I
Royal Artillery Boer War Memorial.jpg Royal Artillery
Boer War Memorial
Category:Royal Artillery Boer War Memorial on Wikimedia Commons
Memorial with sculpture The Mall

51°30′19″N 0°07′52″W / 51.5054°N 0.1310°W / 51.5054; -0.1310 (Royal Artillery Boer War Memorial)

1910 William Robert Colton Sir Aston Webb Unveiled 20 July 1910 by the Duke of Connaught. Colton was given the commission after Sir Thomas Brock turned it down due to the pressure of other commitments. Few were pleased with the resulting memorial.[358] Grade II
Statue of Captain Cook, The Mall SW1.JPG Captain James Cook
Category:Statue of Captain Cook, The Mall on Wikimedia Commons
Statue The Mall

51°30′23″N 0°07′45″W / 51.5063°N 0.1292°W / 51.5063; -0.1292 (Captain Cook)

1914 Sir Thomas Brock probably Sir Aston Webb Unveiled 7 July 1914 by the Duke of Connaught. The idea for the memorial was first proposed by the former Prime Minister of New South Wales, who wrote to The Times complaining of the lack of a statue to Cook in London.[359] Grade II
Florence Nightingale statue.jpg Florence Nightingale
Category:Statue of Florence Nightingale, London on Wikimedia Commons
Statue Waterloo Place

51°30′26″N 0°07′57″W / 51.5073°N 0.1326°W / 51.5073; -0.1326 (Florence Nightingale)

1915 Arthur George Walker Thomas Henry Wyatt Unveiled 24 February 1915. The last of a group of three memorials with a Crimean theme on Waterloo Place. The pedestal is a copy of that of the statue of Lord Herbert, and is decorated with bronze reliefs of scenes from Nightingale’s life.[360] Grade II
Scott statue 1.jpg Captain Robert Falcon Scott
Category:Statue of Robert Falcon Scott, London on Wikimedia Commons
Statue Waterloo Place

51°30′25″N 0°07′55″W / 51.5069°N 0.1319°W / 51.5069; -0.1319 (Robert Falcon Scott)

1915 Lady Kathleen Scott
Unveiled 5 November 1915 by Arthur Balfour. The sculptor was Captain Scott’s widow; she produced a marble replica for Christchurch, New Zealand.[361] Grade II
Edward VII equestrian London 1.jpg Edward VII
Category:King Edward VII Statue, Waterloo Place, London SW1 on Wikimedia Commons
Equestrian statue Waterloo Place

51°30′24″N 0°07′56″W / 51.5067°N 0.1321°W / 51.5067; -0.1321 (Edward VII)

1921 Sir Bertram Mackennal Sir Edwin Lutyens Unveiled 20 July 1921 by George V. Edward VII is depicted in Field Marshal’s uniform. Stands on the site previously occupied by the equestrian statue of Lord Napier now at Queen’s Gate, Kensington (q.v.).[362] Grade II
Army and Navy Club War Memorial.JPG Army and Navy Club War Memorial Statue Outside the Army and Navy Club, Pall Mall

51°30′22″N 0°08′08″W / 51.506126°N 0.135618°W / 51.506126; -0.135618 (Army and Navy Club War Memorial)

1923–6 Basil Gotto
Originally stood in the Victorian clubhouse, which was demolished around 1962. The memorial went into storage at the Ministry of Defence. In 2001 it was returned to the club and displayed in a glass case outside its 1960s building.[363]
Mary of Nazareth Statue St James’s churchyard, Piccadilly

51°30′31″N 0°08′13″W / 51.508516°N 0.136970°W / 51.508516; -0.136970 (Mary of Nazareth)

1925c. 1925 Charles Wheeler
The sculpture, exhibited at the Royal Academy in 1925, was offered to St James’s by Wheeler’s family after his death. It was erected on this site in 1975.[364]
Peace by Alfred Frank Hardiman.JPG Peace Statue St James’s churchyard, Piccadilly

51°30′30″N 0°08′14″W / 51.508353°N 0.137304°W / 51.508353; -0.137304 (Peace)

1926c. 1926 Alfred Frank Hardiman
As Hardiman died in 1949 leaving his Southwood Memorial for the churchyard unfinished, the sculptor’s widow gave this earlier work to St James’s as a substitute and as a memorial to her husband.[365]
Queen Alexandra Memorial CCC.jpg Memorial to Queen Alexandra
Category:Category:Queen Alexandra Memorial, Marlborough Road, London on Wikimedia Commons
Memorial with sculpture Marlborough Road

51°30′17″N 0°08′12″W / 51.5047°N 0.1368°W / 51.5047; -0.1368 (Queen Alexandra Memorial)

1926–32 Sir Alfred Gilbert
Unveiled 8 June 1932 by George V. Despite Gilbert’s earlier disgrace with the royal family after failing to complete the Duke of Clarence’s tomb, the Queen had expressed a wish that he sculpt her memorial should he outlive her. Gilbert, aged 78, was knighted the day after its unveiling.[366] Grade I
Lord Curzon statue, Carlton House Terrace.jpg George Curzon, 1st Marquess Curzon of Kedleston Statue Carlton House Terrace

51°30′22″N 0°08′00″W / 51.5060°N 0.1333°W / 51.5060; -0.1333 (Lord Curzon)

1930 Sir Bertram Mackennal
Unveiled 20 March 1931 by Stanley Baldwin. The statue stands opposite the viceroy’s former house. Mackennal had previously sculpted Curzon’s tomb effigy in All Saints Church, Kedleston.[367] Grade II
Fountain in the yard of Saint James' Church, Piccadilly - geograph.org.uk - 1415027.jpg Memorial to Julius Salter Elias, 1st Viscount Southwood Memorial with sculpture St James’s churchyard, Piccadilly

51°30′31″N 0°08′14″W / 51.5086°N 0.1371°W / 51.5086; -0.1371 (Viscount Southwood Memorial)

1948 Alfred Frank Hardiman Sir Alfred Richardson At the entrance to the Garden of Remembrance financed by Southwood, a newspaper magnate. Putti on dolphins and playing musical instruments refer to his charitable work for the children’s hospital at Great Ormond Street.[368] Grade II
1-4 Pickering Place 20130408 128.JPG Sundial Armillary sphere Pickering Place before 1953
[369]
George VI - Statue - Carlton House Terrace - London - 310504.jpg George VI
Category:George VI and Queen Elizabeth Monument on Wikimedia Commons
Statue Carlton House Terrace

51°30′19″N 0°08′02″W / 51.505185°N 0.133764°W / 51.505185; -0.133764 (George VI)

1955 William McMillan Louis de Soissons (1955)

Donald Insall (2008)

Unveiled 21 October 1955 by Queen Elizabeth II. The statue was moved forward from its original setting in 2008 to form part of a joint memorial with the King’s wife, Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother.[370] Grade II
Memorial to Queen Mary in Marlborough Road.jpg Memorial to Queen Mary Plaque with relief sculpture Junction of The Mall and Marlborough Road

51°30′17″N 0°08′08″W / 51.504645°N 0.135532°W / 51.504645; -0.135532 (Mary of Teck)

1967 Sir William Reid Dick Alan Reynolds Stone (lettering) Unveiled 7 June 1967. The profile portrait is a bronze replica of the memorial to Queen Mary at St Mary Magdalene’s church, Sandringham, Norfolk.[371]
Yvonnefletchermemorial.jpg Memorial to WPC Yvonne Fletcher Stele St James’s Square

51°30′28″N 0°08′06″W / 51.507681°N 0.135057°W / 51.507681; -0.135057 (Yvonne Fletcher)

1985
Unveiled 1 February 1985 by Margaret Thatcher. The first memorial to be erected by the Police Memorial Trust, founded in response to Fletcher’s shooting during a siege of the Libyan embassy on the Square.[372]
General de Gaulle - geograph.org.uk - 717956.jpg General Charles de Gaulle Statue Carlton Gardens

51°30′20″N 0°08′03″W / 51.505650°N 0.134200°W / 51.505650; -0.134200 (Charles de Gaulle)

1993 Angela Conner Bernrad Wiehahn Unveiled 23 June 1993 by Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother. De Gaulle (who requested that no statues be raised to him) gestures with his left hand towards 4 Carlton Gardens, the headquarters of the Free French from 1940.[367]
Fountain at the Economist Plaza - geograph.org.uk - 1375861.jpg Eclipse

Charles Moore, 11th Earl of Drogheda

Fountain with sculpture Economist Plaza

51°30′25″N 0°08′21″W / 51.507041°N 0.139181°W / 51.507041; -0.139181 (Charles de Gaulle)

1996 Angela Conner
The memorial fountain consists of two moving discs mounted on a wall, which slowly fill up with water. In 2008 Conner voiced her displeasure with the Economist’s neglect of the work’s upkeep.[373]
Sculptures outside Anglo American.jpg Two Wave Form Sculpture Outside Anglo American Head Office, 20 Carlton House Terrace

51°30′25″N 0°07′49″W / 51.506962°N 0.130394°W / 51.506962; -0.130394 (Two Wave Form)

1999 John Sydney Carter
Commissioned by Westminster City Council.[374]
The Stag by Marcus Cornish.jpg Stag Statue St James’s Square

51°30′24″N 0°08′08″W / 51.506656°N 0.135477°W / 51.506656; -0.135477 (Stag)

2001 Marcus Cornish
Commissioned by the developer Patrick Despard for Cleveland House, St James’s Square. As the sculpture did not find favour with the building’s occupants, it was presented to the trustees of the square.[375]
Beau Brummell Statue Jermyn Street.JPG Beau Brummell Statue Jermyn Street

51°30′28″N 0°08′20″W / 51.507700°N 0.138900°W / 51.507700; -0.138900 (Beau Brummell)

2002 Irena Sedlecká
Unveiled 5 November 2002 by Princess Michael of Kent. Sedlecká originally conceived the sculpture for the Bond Street site now occupied by Lawrence Holofcener’s Allies.[376]
The National Police Memorial - geograph.org.uk - 1568965.jpg National Police Memorial
Category:National Police Memorial, London on Wikimedia Commons
Memorial with stele The Mall, in front of the Admiralty Citadel

51°30′21″N 0°07′48″W / 51.505742°N 0.130064°W / 51.505742; -0.130064 (National Police Memorial)

2005 Per Arnoldi Foster and Partners Unveiled 26 April 2005 by Queen Elizabeth II. The memorial incorporates a ventilation shaft for the London Underground, faced with black granite and containing a Roll of Honour.[377]
Queen mother statue.jpg Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother
Category:George VI and Queen Elizabeth Monument on Wikimedia Commons
Memorial with statue and relief sculpture The Mall

51°30′18″N 0°08′01″W / 51.505128°N 0.133716°W / 51.505128; -0.133716 (Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother)

2009 Philip Jackson (statue)

Paul Day (reliefs)

Donald Buttress, Donald Insall Unveiled 24 February 2009 by Queen Elizabeth II. Part of a joint memorial to the Queen Mother and her husband George VI, which incorporates William McMillan’s 1955 statue of the latter. A cast of Jackson's statue is to be erected in Poundbury, Dorset.[378]
Keith Park statue, Waterloo Place.jpg Air Chief Marshal Sir Keith Park
Category:Keith Park statue in Waterloo Place on Wikimedia Commons
Statue Waterloo Place

51°30′24″N 0°07′57″W / 51.506696°N 0.132469°W / 51.506696; -0.132469 (Sir Keith Park)

2010 Les Johnson
Unveiled 15 September 2010, on the 70th anniversary of the Battle of Britain. Previously a larger, fibreglass version of the statue was displayed on the Fourth Plinth at Trafalgar Square for six months. It is now at the Royal Air Force Museum in Hendon.[379]
Palmerston portrait plaque, Pickering Place.jpg Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston Relief Pickering Place
[380]

St John’s Wood[edit]

St John’s Wood, a suburban area of largely Victorian buildings in the northern extremity of the City of Westminster, was declared a conservation area in 1968.[381]

Image Title / individual commemorated Type Location Date Artist Architect Notes Listing
Memorial to Edward Onslow Ford, Grove End Road-Abbey Road, NW8.jpg Memorial to Edward Onslow Ford Obelisk with sculpture Abbey Road / Grove End Road

51°31′55″N 0°10′37″W / 51.53191°N 0.17708°W / 51.53191; -0.17708 (Edward Onslow Ford)

1903 Andrea Carlo Lucchesi John William Simpson Unveiled 13 July 1903.[382] At the front of the memorial is a casting of Onslow Ford’s own Muse from his Shelley Memorial in University College, Oxford; behind is a portrait head of the sculptor by Lucchesi.[383] Grade II
W.G. Grace Gates (geograph 2791023).jpg Grace Gates
W. G. Grace
Gates Lord’s Cricket Ground

51°31′42″N 0°10′23″W / 51.52826°N 0.17316°W / 51.52826; -0.17316 (Grace Gates)

1923
Sir Herbert Baker [384] Grade II
Lord's weathervane.jpg Old Father Time Weathervane Lord’s Cricket Ground

51°31′44″N 0°10′20″W / 51.52878°N 0.17219°W / 51.52878; -0.17219 (Old Father Time)

1926
Sir Herbert Baker A gift by Baker, the architect of the Grandstand, to the Marylebone Cricket Club and Lord’s.[385] Moved to the Mound Stand in 1996 to allow for the demolition of Baker’s Grandstand and the construction of its replacement by Sir Nicholas Grimshaw.[386]
Sporting Figures Relief, Lord's.jpg Sporting figures Bas-relief Lord’s Cricket Ground, Wellington Road

51°31′48″N 0°10′10″W / 51.530100°N 0.169333°W / 51.530100; -0.169333 (Sporting figures relief)

1934 Gilbert Bayes
13 sportspeople, including tennis players, golfers, cricketers, swimmers, oarsmen and footballers are depicted in a procession. The inscription PLAY UP PLAY UP AND PLAY THE GAME is taken from Henry Newbolt's poem "Vitaï Lampada" (1892). The setting was remodelled in 1995–6.[387] Grade II
St. John's Wood roundabout - geograph.org.uk - 950534.jpg St Marylebone War Memorial Equestrian statue St John’s Wood roundabout, top of Park Road

51°31′48″N 0°10′04″W / 51.53012°N 0.16787°W / 51.53012; -0.16787 (St Marylebone War Memorial)

1935c. 1935 Charles Leonard Hartwell
Hartwell designed the bronze group of Saint George spearing the dragon for a war memorial in Newcastle upon Tyne, commissioned by Earl Haig. This later casting was a gift of the artist Sigismund Goetze.[388] Grade II
Memorial to Alice Drakoules Bird bath with relief sculpture St John’s Wood Churchyard 1937
Alice Drakoules was the treasurer of the Humanitarian League who lived near this site, at Regent’s Park; the relief depicts a stag, a fox, a heron, a squirrel, a horse, a cat and a dog, representing the broad compass of the organisation’s work.[389]
St John the Baptist by Hans Feibusch.jpg St John the Baptist Statue St John's Wood Church

51°31′50″N 0°10′05″W / 51.530629°N 0.168102°W / 51.530629; -0.168102 (St Marylebone War Memorial)

1977 Hans Feibusch
Predominantly a muralist, Feibusch turned to sculpture in 1970 as his eyesight began to decline; he produced a St John in cast resin in 1973.[390] This cast of 1977 was installed in to mark the completion of the church’s new hall.[391]
Flickr - Duncan~ - Bowler.jpg Bowler Statue Lord’s Cricket Ground 2002 Antony Dufort
A figure of a cricketer in the first stage of the "follow through" position.[392]
Sundial Sundial Gardens of the Hospital of St John and St Elizabeth
[393]

Soho[edit]

Soho is an area first developed in the 1670s which, since the construction of theatres along Shaftesbury Avenue in the 19th century, has had a strong association with the entertainment industry.[394] In the south of the district stands Leicester Square, the public sculpture of which has had an eventful history. From 1748 the square had as its centrepiece an equestrian figure of George I (q.v.), but this deteriorated and was sold off at the beginning of the following century.[395] In 1874 the square was bought by Albert Grant, a company promoter and MP, who had its gardens made over to a design by James Knowles.[396] This saw the installation of the Shakespeare fountain and busts of four historical residents in the locale, positioned near the sites of their former homes.[395] In a refurbishment of 1989–92 two busts, those of William Hogarth and John Hunter, exchanged places.[397] A more radical renovation carried out between 2010 and 2012 was criticised for its removal of all of the sculptures on the square except that of Shakespeare.[398]

Image Title / individual commemorated Type Location Date Artist Architect Notes Listing
Statue of King Charles II in Soho Square.jpg Charles II Statue Soho Square

51°30′55″N 0°07′56″W / 51.5154°N 0.1323°W / 51.5154; -0.1323 (Charles II)

1681 Caius Gabriel Cibber
Originally formed the crowning element of a fountain at the centre of Soho Square. In 1875 the badly weathered statue was moved to the garden of Grim’s Dyke, Harrow Weald, later the home of W. S. Gilbert. It was returned to the square in 1938, according to the wishes of Gilbert’s widow.[399] Grade II
George II statue 1.jpg George II Statue Golden Square

51°30′42″N 0°08′14″W / 51.511647°N 0.137212°W / 51.511647; -0.137212 (George II)

1720 John Nost the Elder
A statue of an allegorical figure in Roman costume, made for Cannons, the seat of the Duke of Chandos in Little Stanhope, Middlesex. An anonymous bidder bought the statue at the sale of the house’s contents and erected it in Golden Square as "George II" on 14 March 1753.[400] Grade II
Statue Of William Shakespeare in Leicester Square.jpg William Shakespeare
Category:Statue of William Shakespeare at Leicester Square on Wikimedia Commons
Fountain with statue Leicester Square

51°30′37″N 0°07′48″W / 51.510376°N 0.1301182°W / 51.510376; -0.1301182 (William Shakespeare)

1874 Giovanni Fontana after Peter Scheemakers Sir James Knowles Unveiled 3 July 1874. Based on William Kent and Scheemakers’s memorial to Shakespeare in Poets' Corner, Westminster Abbey. The scroll held by the figure of the Bard bears a quotation from Twelfth Night (Act 4, Scene 2): THERE IS NO DARKNESS BUT IGNORANCE[401] Grade II
Eros@Piccadilly.jpg Shaftesbury Memorial Fountain
Category:Category:Shaftesbury Memorial Fountain ("Eros"), Piccadilly Circus on Wikimedia Commons

Anthony Ashley-Cooper, 7th Earl of Shaftesbury

Fountain with statue Piccadilly Circus

51°30′36″N 0°08′04″W / 51.509904°N 0.134515°W / 51.509904; -0.134515 (Shaftesbury Memorial Fountain ("Eros"))

1885 Sir Alfred Gilbert Howard Ince (consulted on design) Unveiled 29 June 1893. Gilbert criticised contemporary statues for being too literal and inartistic, and chose instead to symbolise Lord Shaftesbury’s philanthropy with an allegorical figure.[402] This was intended to represent Anteros or "The Angel of Christian Charity", but it became popularly identified with the Greek god’s twin brother Eros. Grade I
Statue of Henry Irving, London.jpg Sir Henry Irving
Category:Statue of Henry Irving, London on Wikimedia Commons
Statue Irving Street

51°30′35″N 0°07′42″W / 51.5097°N 0.1282°W / 51.5097; -0.1282 (Sir Henry Irving)

1910 Sir Thomas Brock
Unveiled 5 December 1910. The street between the statue and the National Portrait Gallery, formerly Green Street, was renamed in the actor’s honour in 1938. The formal gardens were laid out, with railings bearing the monogram HI, for the Festival of Britain in 1951; these were unveiled by Sir Laurence Olivier.[403] Grade II
Charlie Chaplin-Leicester Square-London.jpg Charlie Chaplin
Category:Statue of Charlie Chaplin in Leicester Square on Wikimedia Commons
Statue Leicester Place

51°30′41″N 0°07′50″W / 51.511415°N 0.130426°W / 51.511415; -0.130426 (Charlie Chaplin)

1981 John Doubleday
Unveiled 16 April 1981 in Leicester Square, by Sir Ralph Richardson. A slightly modified version was erected in Vevey, the Swiss town Chaplin made his home, the following year. In the square’s refurbishment of 1989–92 the statue was moved from the south-western corner to a site north of the Shakespeare fountain,[404] and in that of 2010–12 it was removed altogether. It was installed on the current site in 2013.[405]
Stone lions on Gerrard Street, Chinatown, London (02).jpg Chinese lions Sculptures Gerrard Street

51°30′42″N 0°07′52″W / 51.511764°N 0.131114°W / 51.511764; -0.131114 (Charlie Chaplin)

1985
Unveiled 29 October 1985 by the Duke of Gloucester at the formal opening of Chinatown. A gift from the People’s Republic of China.[406]
Copyright crystal grey.png Ode to the West Wind Mural 17 Noel Street

51°30′53″N 0°08′13″W / 51.514810°N 0.137001°W / 51.514810; -0.137001 (Ode to the West Wind)

1989 Louise Vines and the London Wall Mural Group
Inspired by the eponymous poem of 1819 by Percy Bysshe Shelley, who lived around the corner in 15 Poland Street; the mutilated tree is also a reference to the Great Storm of 1987. Originally proposed in 1986 by the Soho Jazz Festival, who then abandoned the commission; it was subsequently taken up by The Soho Society.[407]
Copyright crystal grey.png The Spirit of Soho Mural Broadwick Street

51°30′46″N 0°08′18″W / 51.512730°N 0.138236°W / 51.512730; -0.138236 (The Spirit of Soho)

1991 FreeForm Arts Trust
Saint Anne, as patroness of Soho, is portrayed in a dress bearing a map of the district. At her feet are gathered several former residents, including Casanova and Marx. Six smaller scenes depict forms of work and leisure characteristic of the area. Restored in 2006.[408]
Swiss-UK relations Canton Tree.jpg Cantonal Tree
Category:Cantonal Tree, Swiss Court on Wikimedia Commons
Swiss Court, off Leicester Square

51°30′38″N 0°07′53″W / 51.510447°N 0.131350°W / 51.510447; -0.131350 (Cantonal Tree)

1991
Unveiled 15 April 1991, to mark the 700th anniversary of the founding of the Swiss Confederation. The street was also given its current name for that occasion. Displays the arms of Switzerland’s 26 cantons.

Victoria[edit]

Victoria is roughly described as the area around Victoria station. It includes the conservation areas of Broadway and Christchurch Gardens, Grosvenor Gardens and the environs of Westminster Cathedral. Particularly noteworthy examples of architectural sculpture can be found at 55 Broadway, where in 1928–9 sculptors including Eric Gill and Henry Moore were engaged on representations of the Four Winds; two further figures, Night and Day, were carved by Jacob Epstein.[409] A great deal of public art by recent graduates of art schools in London was incorporated into Cardinal Place, a development of 2005.[410]

Image Title / individual commemorated Type Location Date Artist Architect / Designer Notes Listing
Statue Of Sydney Waterlow-Palace Street.jpg Sir Sydney Waterlow, 1st Baronet Statue Westminster City School, Palace Street

51°29′52″N 0°08′21″W / 51.497777°N 0.139262°W / 51.497777; -0.139262 (Memorial Fountain to the 2nd Marquess of Westminster)

1901 Frank Taubman
Unveiled 27 June 1901. A replica of the statue in Waterlow Park, Highgate.[411]
Westminster Cathedral tympanum.jpg Christ in Majesty with the Virgin and Saints Joseph, Peter and Edward Tympanum mosaic Westminster Cathedral

51°29′46″N 0°08′23″W / 51.496242°N 0.139844°W / 51.496242; -0.139844 (Westminster Cathedral)

1916 Robert Anning Bell John Francis Bentley Based on a sketch by Bentley dated to 1895–6 and later worked up in colour by his assistant John Marshall,[412] Bell’s mosaic was criticised for its background of white tiles instead of the traditional gold.[413] Grade I
The Rifle Brigade Memorial, Grosvenor Gardens, Westminster.jpg Rifle Brigade Memorial Memorial with sculpture Grosvenor Gardens

51°29′53″N 0°08′49″W / 51.4980°N 0.1470°W / 51.4980; -0.1470 (Rifle Brigade Memorial)

1924–5 John Tweed
Unveiled 25 July 1925. The rifleman in contemporary uniform in the centre is flanked by an officer (on the left) and a private in early 19th-century uniform.[414] Grade II
Ferdinand Foch statue (Victoria, London).jpg Marshal Ferdinand Foch Equestrian statue Grosvenor Gardens

51°29′47″N 0°08′43″W / 51.4964°N 0.1453°W / 51.4964; -0.1453 (Marshall Foch)

1930 Georges Malissard F. Lebret Unveiled 5 June 1930.[415] A replica of a statue erected outside Marshal Foch’s headquarters in Cassel.[416] The choice of an existing work by a French sculptor caused some dissatisfaction. The site was chosen so that the statue would be seen by French visitors arriving in London at Victoria station.[417] Grade II
Copyright crystal grey.png Cameo of Queen Victoria Tiled pattern Victoria station Victoria line platforms 1968 Edward Bawden after Benjamin Pearce
Bawden produced an original linocut of the Queen’s profile for this scheme but it was rejected;[418] the final design is based on a silhouette by Pearce.[101]
Suffragette Memorial, Christchurch Gardens, London.jpg Suffragette Memorial Sculpture Christchurch Gardens

51°29′54″N 0°08′05″W / 51.498244°N 0.134823°W / 51.498244; -0.134823 (Lord Alexander of Tunis)

1970 Lorne and Edwin Russell Paul Edward Paget Unveiled 14 July 1970. A bronze scroll in the shape of the letter S balancing on a conical pedestal. Inscribed NEARBY CAXTON HALL WAS/ HISTORICALLY ASSOCIATED/ WITH WOMEN′S SUFFRAGE/ MEETINGS & DEPUTATIONS/ TO PARLIAMENT.[419]
Guards Chapel, Wellington Barracks - geograph.org.uk - 351928.jpg Field Mashal Harold Alexander, 1st Earl Alexander of Tunis
Category:Alexander of Tunis statue on Wikimedia Commons
Statue Outside the Guards Chapel, Wellington Barracks, Birdcage Walk

51°30′02″N 0°08′09″W / 51.500467°N 0.135817°W / 51.500467; -0.135817 (Lord Alexander of Tunis)

1985 James Butler
Unveiled 9 May 1985 by the Queen Mother. Alexander had a particular affection for the old Guards Chapel (almost completely destroyed by bombing in 1944), having spent much time there as a subaltern.[420]
111 Buckingham Palace Road.JPG Gates Gates 111 Buckingham Palace Road

51°29′43″N 0°08′45″W / 51.495217°N 0.145709°W / 51.495217; -0.145709 (Gates)

1986 Giuseppe Lund
Gates of jagged aluminium.[421]
Chalice, 123 Buckingham Palace Road SW1.jpg Chalice Fountain 123 Buckingham Palace Road

51°29′35″N 0°08′48″W / 51.493051°N 0.146548°W / 51.493051; -0.146548 (Chalice)

1991 Pye, WilliamWilliam Pye
Unveiled 24 June 1991 by Lord St John of Fawsley (according to the pavement plaque). A stainless steel basin, its circumference bounded by cables suspended from above which define a cylindrical shape in the air. The idea was suggested to the sculptor by the hanging lamps in the Sultan Hassan Mosque in Cairo.[422]
The Flowering of the English Baroque, Henry Purcell, London.JPG The Flowering of the English Baroque

Henry Purcell

Sculpture Christchurch Gardens

51°29′53″N 0°08′03″W / 51.497967°N 0.134167°W / 51.497967; -0.134167 (The Flowering of the English Baroque)

1995 Glynn Williams
Unveiled 22 November 1995, the tercentenary of Purcell’s death, by Princess Margaret. The sculptor described the design as "a rising explosion of activity, a tree to the musical evolution of the 17th century". This was the first major sculptural commission by Westminster City Council.[423]
Public art Victoria.jpg Big Painting Sculpture Sculpture Cardinal Place

51°29′52″N 0°08′31″W / 51.497670°N 0.141822°W / 51.497670; -0.141822 (Big Painting Sculpture)

1996–8 Patrick Heron Julian Feary Commissioned when the complex was still known as Stag Place. Based on several gouache studies by Heron of brightly coloured floating shapes connected by linear patterns. Neon tubes light up the work at night.[424]
Lioness and Lesser Kudu, Westminster - geograph.org.uk - 1464485.jpg Lioness and Lesser Kudu Sculptural group Grosvenor Gardens

51°29′52″N 0°08′50″W / 51.497893°N 0.147255°W / 51.497893; -0.147255 (Lioness and Lesser Kudu)

1998 Jonathan Kenworthy
Installed on this site in 2000; another cast already stood in the grounds of Eaton Hall, the Duke of Westminster’s estate in Cheshire.[425]
Sculpture outside 21 Palmer Street, London.jpg Cypher Sculpture Outside the Asticus Building, 21 Palmer Street

51°29′56″N 0°08′07″W / 51.498951°N 0.135242°W / 51.498951; -0.135242 (Cypher)

2003 Tim Morgan
The sculpture, commissioned by the Cass Sculpture Foundation, consists of thousands of glass rods bound together within a circular steel belt.[426]
Glass Sculpture Cardinal Place - geograph.org.uk - 1215266.jpg Stacked Glass Sculpture Sculpture Cardinal Place

51°29′51″N 0°08′28″W / 51.497462°N 0.141067°W / 51.497462; -0.141067 (Stacked Glass Sculpture)

2005 Tony Burke Jane Wernick Associates (engineer) The work comprises one twisting wall of stacked green glass and another curving; these are set on a cylindrical plinth.[427]
Route Panels set in pavement Cardinal Place

51°29′49″N 0°08′26″W / 51.497027°N 0.140566°W / 51.497027; -0.140566 (Route)

2005 Joy Gerrard
Nine discs of varying sizes set in the pavement of the Cardinal Place development at various points in a pedestrian’s route; they are inlaid with smaller coloured discs.[428]
LP4, Cardinal Place SW1.jpg LP4 Kinetic sculpture Cardinal Place

51°29′52″N 0°08′29″W / 51.497776°N 0.141471°W / 51.497776; -0.141471 (LP4)

2005 Nathaniel Rackowe
Two slabs of oblong welded steel panels (with a gap at the top of the grid forming a "machiolation") hold in place a thin cathode light tube; the whole structure is set into a rotating turntable flush with the pavement.[429]
Statue of Queen Victoria, Victoria Square SW1.jpg Queen Victoria Statue Victoria Square

51°29′52″N 0°08′42″W / 51.497688°N 0.144923°W / 51.497688; -0.144923 (Queen Victoria)

2008 Catherine Anne Laugel
The Queen is depicted as a young woman of 20, the age she would have been when construction on the square began.[430]
Memorial to Victims of Violence, Christchurch Gardens SW1.JPG Memorial to Victims of Violence Commemorative stone with plaque Christchurch Gardens

51°29′53″N 0°08′03″W / 51.498159°N 0.134044°W / 51.498159; -0.134044 (Memorial to Victims of Violence)

2013 (unveiled) Jim Martins[431]
Unveiled 5 June 2013.[432]
Wind Sculpture by Yinka Shonibare.JPG Wind Sculpture Sculpture Howick Place

51°29′48″N 0°08′14″W / 51.496756°N 0.137120°W / 51.496756; -0.137120 (Wind Sculpture)

2014 Yinka Shonibare
Unveiled 7 April 2014. The work simulates a piece of batik fabric (a signature material for Shonibare) billowing in the wind.[433]

Victoria Embankment[edit]

The Victoria Embankment is a road and river-walk on the north bank of the River Thames, formed from land reclaimed during the construction of Joseph Bazalgette’s sewerage system in the late 19th century.[434] From 1864 a sequence of public gardens called the Victoria Embankment Gardens was created from this land; running from north-east to south-west these are called Temple Gardens, the Main Garden, the Whitehall Garden and finally the Ministry of Defence section, built 1939–59.[435] All four gardens contain works of commemorative sculpture and more memorials are on the river-walk or road itself, making the Embankment one of the principal sites for commemoration in London. One of these memorials, the National Submarine War Memorial, lies outside the borough, in the City of London.[436]

Image Title / individual commemorated Type Location Date Artist Architect / Designer Notes Listing
Cleopatra.needle.arp.400pix.jpg Cleopatra's Needle
Category:Cleopatra's Needle (London) on Wikimedia Commons

Thutmose III and Ramesses II

Obelisk Adelphi Steps, near Hungerford Bridge

51°30′31″N 0°07′13″W / 51.5085°N 0.1203°W / 51.5085; -0.1203 (Cleopatra's Needle)

1450 BCc. 1450 BC
George John Vulliamy One of a pair of obelisks erected in Heliopolis by Thutmose III; two centuries later the inscriptions to Ramesses II were added and in 12 BC they were moved to Alexandria. Presented to Britain in 1819, but not brought to London until 1878. Its companion was re-erected in Central Park, New York, in 1881.[437] Grade I
Boudica and Her Daughters - geograph.org.uk - 440656.jpg Boadicea and her Daughters
Category:Boudica statue, Westminster on Wikimedia Commons

Boudica

Sculptural group Near Westminster Pier

51°30′04″N 0°07′26″W / 51.5011°N 0.1238°W / 51.5011; -0.1238 (Boadicea and her Daughters)

1856–83 Thomas Thornycroft and Hamo Thornycroft Sir Thomas Graham Jackson The elder Thornycroft’s magnum opus, brought to completion by his son. The style of the figures was out of fashion by the time the group was installed here in 1902.[438] Grade II
Isambard Kingdom Brunel - Bronze - Temple - London.jpg Isambard Kingdom Brunel Statue Near Temple tube station

51°30′39″N 0°06′55″W / 51.5108°N 0.1152°W / 51.5108; -0.1152 (Isambard Kingdom Brunel)

1861c. 1861 Carlo Marochetti Richard Norman Shaw Erected 1877. This and Marochetti’s statue of George Stephenson outside Euston station were originally planned for Parliament Square. Shaw’s masonry screen, then a complete novelty but much imitated since, may have been intended to block the tube station from view.[439] Grade II
James Outram Statue in Victoria Embankment Gardens - geograph.org.uk - 1258090.jpg Lieutenant General Sir James Outram, 1st Baronet Statue Victoria Embankment Gardens, Whitehall Garden

51°30′21″N 0°07′24″W / 51.5057°N 0.1234°W / 51.5057; -0.1234 (James Outram)

1871 Matthew Noble
Unveiled 17 August 1871. Permission for a statue to Outram in Trafalgar Square had been refused in 1861. Trophies of arms representing his Indian campaigns rest on the corners of the pedestal.[440] Grade II
Sphinx bench by Cleopatra's Needle detail 2 London.jpg Benches
Category:Sphinx bench at Cleopatra's Needle on Wikimedia Commons
Benches Victoria Embankment 1872–4
Lewis and George John Vulliamy 21 cast iron and timber benches set along the Embankment, all to a design depicting winged sphinxes in their terminal arm-brackets, except for that opposite the junction with Horseguards Avenue, which depicts seated camels instead.[441] Grade II
John Stuart Mill statue, Temple Gardens, London.jpg John Stuart Mill Statue Victoria Embankment Gardens, Temple Gardens

51°30′40″N 0°06′48″W / 51.5112°N 0.1132°W / 51.5112; -0.1132 (John Stuart Mill)

1878 Thomas Woolner
Unveiled 26 January 1878.[442] The first statue specifically designed for a site on the Embankment.[443] Grade II
Cleopatras-Sphinx-20040918-036.jpg Two sphinxes
Category:Sphinxes at Cleopatra's Needle on Wikimedia Commons
Statues Cleopatra’s Needle

51°30′30″N 0°07′13″W / 51.508442°N 0.120412°W / 51.508442; -0.120412 (Sphinx)
51°30′31″N 0°07′13″W / 51.508579°N 0.120239°W / 51.508579; -0.120239 (Sphinx)

1878 Charles Henry Mabey George John Vulliamy Modelled on a sphinx from the time of Thutmose III in the Duke of Northumberland's collection at Alnwick Castle.[444] Grade I
(with obelisk)
Robert Raikes Statue, Victoria Embankment Gardens - London.jpg Robert Raikes
Category:Statue of Robert Raikes, London on Wikimedia Commons
Statue Victoria Embankment Gardens, Main Garden

51°30′34″N 0°07′11″W / 51.5095°N 0.1197°W / 51.5095; -0.1197 (Robert Raikes)

1880 Sir Thomas Brock
Unveiled 3 July 1880 by the Earl of Shaftesbury. Replicas were made in 1929 for the 150th anniversary of the first Sunday school, established by Raikes in Gloucester; they stand in that city and in Toronto.[445] Grade II
William Tyndale Victoria Embankment.jpg William Tyndale
Category:William Tyndale statue, Victoria Embankment Gardens on Wikimedia Commons
Statue Victoria Embankment Gardens, Whitehall Garden

51°30′23″N 0°07′23″W / 51.5063°N 0.1231°W / 51.5063; -0.1231 (William Tyndale)

1884 Sir Joseph Edgar Boehm Edward William Godwin Unveiled 7 May 1884. Erected by the British and Foreign Bible Society to commemorate their 80th anniversary, and the supposed 400th anniversary of Tyndale’s birth.[446] Grade II
Robert Burns in Victoria Embankment Gardens.jpg Robert Burns Statue Victoria Embankment Gardens, Main Garden

51°30′32″N 0°07′16″W / 51.5089°N 0.1210°W / 51.5089; -0.1210 (Robert Burns)

1884 Sir John Steell
Unveiled 26 July 1884 by Lord Rosebery. A variation on Steell’s 1880 statue of Burns in Central Park, New York; other versions are in Dundee (erected 1880) and Dunedin, New Zealand (erected 1887).[447] Grade II
Henry Fawcett, Victoria Embankment, London.jpg Memorial to Henry Fawcett Drinking fountain with plaque Victoria Embankment Gardens, Main Garden

51°30′33″N 0°07′14″W / 51.5091°N 0.1205°W / 51.5091; -0.1205 (Henry Fawcett Memorial)

1886 Mary Grant and George Frampton Basil Champneys Unveiled 27 July 1886. Grant produced the portrait relief and Frampton, then at an early stage in his career, provided the ornamental sculpture. The erroneous "signature" reads MARY GRANT SC/ 1896; this was added in 1897.[448] Grade II
Bartle Frere statue Victoria Embankment.jpg Sir Henry Bartle Frere, 1st Baronet Statue Victoria Embankment Gardens, Whitehall Garden

51°30′18″N 0°07′25″W / 51.5051°N 0.1236°W / 51.5051; -0.1236 (Henry Bartle Frere)

1887 Sir Thomas Brock
Unveiled 5 June 1888 by the Prince of Wales. Frere is represented in privy counsellor’s uniform, with the robe and collar of a Knight Grand Commander of the Star of India and the insignia of the Order of the Bath.[449] Grade II
General Charles George Gordon statue, Embankment, London.jpg General Charles George Gordon
Category:Charles George Gordon statue, Victoria Embankment on Wikimedia Commons
Statue Victoria Embankment Gardens, Ministry of Defence section

51°30′16″N 0°07′26″W / 51.5045°N 0.1238°W / 51.5045; -0.1238 (General Gordon)

1888 Sir William Hamo Thornycroft Alfred Waterhouse Unveiled 16 October 1888 in Trafalgar Square. The pedestal was inspired by that of Le Sueur’s Charles I near that location (q.v.). Removed in 1943 for the temporary display of a Lancaster bomber and re-erected on this site in 1953. A cast of 1889 is in Melbourne.[450] Grade II
William Edward Forster statue, Victoria Embankment.jpg William Edward Forster Statue Victoria Embankment Gardens, Main Garden

51°30′41″N 0°06′44″W / 51.5113°N 0.1123°W / 51.5113; -0.1123 (William Edward Forster)

1889 Henry Richard Hope Pinker
Unveiled 1 August 1890. Erected outside the (now demolished) London School Board offices, appropriately enough as Forster was responsible for the act of Parliament which provided compulsory state education for all children.[451] Grade II
Sir Joseph Bazalgette Memorial.jpg Memorial to Sir Joseph Bazalgette
Category:Joseph Bazalgette Memorial on Wikimedia Commons
Plaque with bust Near Embankment Pier, facing Northumberland Avenue

51°30′23″N 0°07′20″W / 51.506383°N 0.122250°W / 51.506383; -0.122250 (Joseph Bazalgette Memorial)

1901 George Blackall Simonds
Unveiled 6 November 1901.[452] Inscribed FLVMINI VINCVLA POSVIT ("he put the river in chains"), referring to Bazalgette’s construction of London’s sewers, which also resulted in the creation of the Embankment.[453] Grade II
Memorial To Sir Arthur Sullivan.jpg Memorial to Sir Arthur Sullivan
Category:Arthur Sullivan Memorial on Wikimedia Commons
Bust on pedestal with other sculpture Victoria Embankment Gardens, Main Garden

51°30′33″N 0°07′13″W / 51.5093°N 0.1203°W / 51.5093; -0.1203 (Sir Arthur Sullivan Memorial)

1902 Sir William Goscombe John
Unveiled 10 July 1903 by Princess Louise. Inscribed with a quotation from The Yeomen of the Guard (1888), IS LIFE A BOON?/ IF SO, IT MUST BEFALL/ THAT DEATH, WHENE’ER HE CALL/ MUST CALL TOO SOON.[454] Grade II
Walter Besant plaque, Victoria Embankment, London (cropped).jpg Memorial to Walter Besant Plaque Near Savoy Place

51°30′34″N 0°07′07″W / 51.509583°N 0.118533°W / 51.509583; -0.118533 (Walter Besant Memorial)

1902 Sir George Frampton
Erected 1904. A cast of an identical monument in the crypt of St Paul’s Cathedral, unveiled in 1903.[455] Grade II
Norman Shaw Buildings (New Scotland Yard) 2012 03.jpg Gates Gates Norman Shaw Buildings, Derby Gate

51°30′07″N 0°07′27″W / 51.501974°N 0.124264°W / 51.501974; -0.124264