List of queens of the Lombards

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See Also: List of kings of the Lombards
The Iron Crown of Lombardy (Corona Ferrea), that was used for the coronation of the Lombard kings and the kings of Italy thereafter for centuries, was the discovery of Theodelinda, a Lombard queen.

The Queen consorts of the Lombards were the wives of the Lombardic kings who ruled that Germanic people from early in the sixth century until the Lombardic identity became lost in the ninth and tenth centuries. After 568, the Lombard kings sometimes styled themselves Kings of Italy (rex totius Italiae), making their wives Queen consorts of Italy. After 774, they were not Lombards, but Franks. There was never a female Lombardic monarch due to the Salic law. After Queen Rosamund all the Lombard queens were also Queens of Italy.

Queen consorts of the Lombards[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Consort Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
Gambara  ?  ?  ?  ?  ?  ?  ?
Radegund of the Thuringii Bisinus, King of the Thuringii  ?  ?  ?  ?  ? Wacho
Austrigusa of the Gepids Thurisind, King of the Gepids  ?  ?  ?  ?  ?
Silinga of the Heruli Rodulf, King of the Heruli  ?  ?  ?  ?  ?
Rodelinda of the Thuringii Hermanafrid, King of the Thuringii  ?  ? 546
husband's ascession
560 c.
husband's death
 ? Audoin
Chlothsind of the Franks Chlothar I, King of the Franks
(Merovingian)
 ?  ?  ?  ?  ? Alboin
Assassination of Alboin.jpg Rosamund of the Gepids Cunimund, King of the Gepids  ? 567 28 June 572/573
husband's death
 ?
Chlodoswintha of Austrasia Sigebert I, King of Austrasia
(Merovingian)
569  ?  ? before 589
probably repudiated
 ? Authari
Theodelinda married Agilulf (detail).jpg Theodelinda of Bavaria Garibald I, Duke of Bavaria
(Agilolfings)
 ? 15 May 589 5 September 590
husband's death
22 January 627
May 591 616
husband's death
Agilulf
Gundiberga of the Lombards Authari 591  ? 626
husband's ascession, locked in monastery
636
husband's death
 ? Arioald
after 636 652
husband's death
Rothari
Theodota of the Lombards Aripert I  ? after 662  ?  ? Grimoald I
No names of Lombardic queens are mention during until 739.
Guntrude of Bavaria Theodbert, Duke of Bavaria in Salzburg
Agilolfings
 ?  ? 712
husband's ascession
744
husband's disposition
 ? Liutprand
Tassia  ?  ?  ? 744
husband's ascession
749
husband's disposition
 ? Ratchis
Ansa Verissimo  ?  ? 744
husband's ascession
5 June 774
husband's disposition
 ? Desiderius
Hildegard 1499.jpg Hildegard of Vinzgouw Gerold of Vinzgouw 758 771 5 June 774
husband's coronation as Lombardic king
30 April 783 Charles I
Fastrada of Franconia Raoul III of Franconia 765 784
as Queen consort the Lombards
10 October 794
Luitgard of Sundgau Luitfrid II, Count of Sundgau
(Etichonids)
776 794
as Queen consort the Lombards
4 June 800
Bertha of Gellone William of Gellone, Count of Toulouse  ? 795? 781
husband's ascension
8 July 810
husband's death
 ? Pepin
Cunigunda of Laon  ?  ? 813 17 April 818
husband's death
 ? Bernard I
Ermengarde of Tours Hugh of Tours
(Etichonids)
804 15 October 821 as sole queen
15 June 844 as senior queen
20 March 851 Lothair I
Engelberga of Parma Adelchis I, Count of Parma
(Supponids)
830 5 October 851 12 August 875
husband's death
896/901 Louis II
Richildaof Provence.gif Richilde of Provence Bivin of Gorze, Count of the Ardennes
(Bosonid)
845 870 12 August 875
husband's ascession
6 October 877
husband's death
2 June 910 Charles II
Saint Richardis (fragment of The Ordeal by Fire by Dierec Bouts the Older).jpg Richardis of Swabia Erchanger, Count of the Nordgau
(Ahalolfinger)
840 862 879
husband's ascession
887
husband's death
18 September, between 894 and 896 Charles III

See also[edit]