List of rail accidents in the United Kingdom
This list of railway accidents in the United Kingdom provides details of significant railway crashes in the United Kingdom involving railway rolling stock, but not other railway related incidents such as the Oxford Circus fire of 1984 or the King's Cross fire of 1987, terrorism, or suicide.
The worst incident was the Quintinshill rail disaster in 1915 with 226 dead and 246 injured;[a] the 1952 Harrow and Wealdstone rail crash resulted in 112 deaths and 340 injured. The death toll from the 1957 Lewisham rail crash was 90, for the 1889 Armagh rail disaster was 80 and the 1879 Tay Bridge disaster was 75.
1995 onwards: Post-privatisation
|7 May 2014||1||0||Malton, North Yorkshire: 77-year-old man killed after his car was struck on a level crossing by a First TransPennine Express service from Scarborough to Liverpool Lime Street.|
|21 July 2013||0||8||Norwich station, Norfolk: 8 passengers taken to hospital after a Abellio Greater Anglia DMU service crashed at 8mph into two other stationary DMUs in the station. Insufficient braking due to driver inattention.|
|22 October 2011||1||0||James Street station, Liverpool: 16-year-old passenger killed when she fell between departing train and platform. Guard who gave the signal to depart while passenger was leaning on train convicted of manslaughter and given 5-year jail sentence.|
|5 November 2010||0||6||New Guildford Line, Oxshott, Surrey: Cement mixer lorry fell off road bridge, striking Guildford to London Waterloo service. 1 passenger and lorry driver seriously injured, others received minor injuries.|
|16 January 2010||1||0||Welsh Marches Line, Moreton-on-Lugg, Herefordshire: Arriva Trains Wales service struck two cars on a level-crossing between Hereford and Leominster. One of the cars' passengers was killed. Investigation concluded that the signaller had opened the barriers as the train approached, believing it had already passed, after being distracted by a telephone call.|
|1 February 2008||0||3||Barrow upon Soar: Collision between a train and a demolished bridge.|
|23 February 2007||1||88||Grayrigg derailment, West Coast Main Line, Grayrigg, Cumbria: Train derailed over a set of faulty points.|
|6 September 2006||1||0||Copmanthorpe, Yorkshire: Road vehicle crashed through fence onto railway derailing train.|
|3 December 2005||2||0||Elsenham, Essex: 2 teenage girls killed by a train while using the station's pedestrian level crossing.|
|10 July 2005||1||0||Romney, Hythe & Dymchurch Railway: Train driver killed, car on level crossing.|
|6 November 2004||7||71||Ufton Nervet rail crash Reading to Taunton Line, Ufton Nervet, Berkshire: Car on level crossing, (suicide).|
|15 February 2004||4||3||Tebay rail accident West Coast Main Line, Tebay, Cumbria: Runaway work trolley due to faulty brakes; ran down railway trackworkers.|
|3 August 2003||1||0||Romney, Hythe & Dymchurch Railway: Train driver killed, car on level crossing|
|7 July 2003||3||5||Near Pershore, Worcestershire: Minibus carrying farm workers struck by First Great Western Hereford to London Paddington service on farm level crossing. Lineside telephone to contact signaller not used. Network Rail had visited site 2 months earlier and reminded farmer of safety obligations.|
|24 November 2002||0||31||Southall East: Broken fishplate caused HST coach to derail, throwing ballast through windows.|
|10 May 2002||7||76||Potters Bar rail accidents, East Coast Main Line, Potters Bar: Undetected points fault derailed train, carriage rolled coming to rest on platforms.|
|28 February 2002||1||14||Nocton railway disaster, Nocton, Lincolnshire: 1 killed in van, 14 injured on train after van crashed through wall and fell onto track.|
|28 February 2001||10||82 serious||Great Heck Rail Crash East Coast Main Line, Selby (Great Heck): Driver of Land Rover fell asleep and ran down embankment onto track where it was hit by passenger train and also a freight train.|
|1 November 2000||0||1||Lawrence Hill, Bristol, Cross Country Route: Driver injured, due to incorrect brake operation an empty mail train passed 2 red lights and hit the back of a loaded coal train.|
|17 October 2000||4||35||Hatfield rail crash East Coast Main Line, Hatfield, Hertfordshire: Derailment caused by broken rail; restaurant coach hit overhead catenary stanchion.|
|5 October 1999||31||523||Ladbroke Grove rail crash Great Western Main Line, Ladbroke Grove: Driver passed signal at danger; head-on collision and fire; allegations that signal (SN109) was hard to see.|
|23 June 1999||0||31||Winsford rail crash, Cheshire: Train passed red signal; rear-end collision.|
|8 January 1999||0||4||Spa Road Junction rail crash, London: Train passed signal at danger, converging collision, driver error.|
|18 June 1998||0||9||Sandy, Bedfordshire: Wheel failure caused by metal fatigue. East Coast mainline express derailed south of Sandy station at approximately 100 mph and came to a halt 400 metres north of the station.|
|19 September 1997||6||150||Southall rail crash, Great Western Main Line, Southall: Signal passed at danger, collided with freight train crossing path. Driver inattention and faulty Automatic Warning System equipment.|
|6 March 1997||0||6||Newton Abbot, Devon: Derailment due to bearing failure.|
|4 February 1997||0||4||Bexley derailment, London: Derailment due to overloaded train and poor track maintenance.|
|8 August 1996||1||69||Watford rail crash, West Coast Main Line, Watford: Signal passed at danger, head on collision with empty stock.|
|8 March 1996||1||22||Stafford rail crash (1996), Staffordshire: axle box failure, train derailed across other tracks, mail train hit wreckage.|
|10 November 1995||0||1||Royal Oak tube station: Collision.|
|11 July 1995||0||5||Largs railway station, North Ayrshire: Brake failure led to high-speed collision at terminus station.|
|31 January 1995||1||30||Ais Gill rail crash (1995): Train hit landslide, oncoming train hit wreckage.|
1948–1994: British Rail
|15 October 1994||5||13||Cowden rail crash, Kent: Signal passed at danger; head-on collision.|
|27 July 1994||0||1||Morpeth rail crash 1994, Northumberland: excessive speed on curve.|
|25 June 1994||2||0||Greenock rail crash: Train derailed by vandals placing concrete blocks on track.|
|6 September 1993||0||1||Maidstone East, Kent : Derailment due to driver error, excessive speed.|
|13 November 1992||1||0||Morpeth rail crash 1992, Northumberland: Light engine hit train in rear, driver misunderstood signaller's instruction.|
|7 December 1991||0||186||Severn Tunnel rail crash: Rear-end collision, cause uncertain.|
|3 December 1991||0||1||Appleford level crossing, near Didcot. Road vehicle on crossing.|
|21 July 1991||4||22||Newton (South Lanarkshire) rail accident, Glasgow: head-on collision at junction.|
|8 January 1991||2||542||Cannon Street Station rail crash, London: Passenger train hit buffer stop.|
|4 August 1990||1||36||Stafford rail crash (1990): Train permitted to pass signal at danger, rear-end collision, alcohol and excessive working hours possible causes.|
|30 November 1989||0||15||Newcastle railway station: 15 people were injured when two interCity expresses collided outside Newcastle upon Tyne Central Station.|
|6 March 1989||2||Glasgow Bellgrove rail crash: Inattention by driver ("ding-ding, and away"); head-on collision.|
|4 March 1989||5||90||Purley Station rail crash, London: Missed distant signal, overshot signal at danger; rear-end collision, part of train down embankment.|
|12 December 1988||35||100+||Clapham Junction rail crash, London: Rear-end collision, oncoming train ran into wreckage: wrong-side signalling failure due to wiring error.|
|11 November 1988||1||16||St. Helens rail crash, Merseyside: Train derailed leaving station.|
|October 1987||0||14||Forest Gate rail crash, London: 2 trains collided.|
|19 October 1987||4||River Towy rail crash, near Llandeilo: River flood washed bridge away; train fell into river.|
|11 September 1986||2||2||Bridgeton, Glasgow: 2 empty passenger trains collided in tunnel during shunting movement killing 2 crew. Signaller cleared signal for reversing train which did not pass signal after 5 minutes, then set new route for incoming train. Reversing train passed signal, now at danger, and collided with incoming train. Deceased guard did not keep adequate lookout, signaller did not check driver of reversing train knew signal had been reset to danger.|
|19 September 1986||1||60||Colwich rail crash, Staffordshire: Head-on collision at converging route. Driver misread signals after failing to read a notification regarding recent signalling changes.|
|26 July 1986||9||11||Lockington rail crash, East Yorkshire: Road vehicle on level-crossing.|
|15 June 1986||0||2||Motherwell: Defective and poorly maintained track coupled with hot weather. At approximately 16.31 the 16.10 Glasgow Central to London Euston passenger train became derailed on the approach to Motherwell Station.|
|9 March 1986||1||31||Chinley, Derbyshire: Multiple errors by inexperienced signalman lead to passenger train being sent onto line where two coupled locomotives were waiting. Collision despite driver of lead waiting locomotives starting to reverse when he saw other train approaching.|
|6 November 1985||0||40||Copyhold Junction, near Haywards Heath, West Sussex: 4-car EMU passenger train passed signal at danger at night, passed over points and collided head-on with another 4-car EMU passenger train travelling in opposite direction.|
|31 May 1985||0||104||Battersea Park Station, South London: Gatwick Express passenger train passed signal at danger in fine, sunny conditions and ran into rear of commuter train that was accelerating away from another signal at which it had been detained.|
|20 December 1984||0||0||Summit tunnel fire, Todmorden, West Yorkshire: Faulty axle box caused derailment of petrol tankers in tunnel, fire burned for over 36 hours.|
|4 December 1984||3||68||Eccles rail crash (1984), Greater Manchester: Signal passed at danger, rear-end collision.|
|11 October 1984||3||18||Wembley Central rail crash, London: Collision due to signal passed at danger. Driver's mental state incapacitated by medical condition occurring.|
|30 July 1984||13||44||Polmont rail crash, near Falkirk: Leading DBSO of Edinburgh to Glasgow train hit stray cow on line, whole train derailed.|
|24 June 1984||0||35||Morpeth rail crash, Northumberland: Excessive speed, sleeping car train derailed, driver intoxicated.|
|9 December 1983||1||3||Wrawby Junction rail crash, Lincolnshire: Passenger DMU train hit and partially derailed by freight train mistakenly signalled to proceed whilst line ahead in use by passenger train.|
|3 February 1983||1||12||Elgin, Moray: Broken rail leads to derailment of Aberdeen to Inverness passenger train, rearmost carriage turned on its side and slid around 100 metres.|
|4 May 1982||0||31||Nairn's level-crossing, Forteviot, Perth & Kinross: Agricultural tractor and trailer grounded on farm crossing hit by express passenger train at 55 m.p.h. Entire train derailed.|
|11 December 1981||4||5||Seer Green rail crash, Buckinghamshire: Signalman misread equipment, excess speed after driver authorised to pass signal at danger, rear-end collision.|
|8 December 1981||1||23||Ulleskelf, North Yorkshire: Broken rail lead to derailment of York to Liverpool passenger train, two rearmost carriages rolled down steep embankment.|
|7 November 1980||2||1||Crewe, Cheshire: Freight train ran into rear of another freight train for reasons unknown.|
|9 July 1980||0||21||Holborn rail crash, central London: Inattention by driver, signal passed at danger, rear-end collision.|
|16 February 1980||0||48||Bushey, West Coast Main Line: On a section of continuous welded rail a welded joint failed. 20:25 London Euston to Manchester Piccadilly derailed at 96 mph. Coaches derailed blocking the adjacent Up Fast Line and Watford DC Line.|
|22 October 1979||5||52||Invergowrie rail crash, Perth and Kinross: Train stopped due to traction motor fire, following train ran into rear, poorly maintained signalling equipment.|
|13 August 1979||0||2||Bushbury Junction, West Midlands: Camshaft failure of a switch diamond crossing caused the approaching Manchester Piccadilly to Birmingham International express to derail at around 35 mph, train lightly loaded. Driver did not return to his duties and died 1 year after the incident.|
|16 April 1979||7||67||Paisley Gilmour Street rail crash, Renfrewshire: Inattention by driver ("ding-ding, and away"); head-on collision.|
|1 March 1979||3||5||Naas level-crossing, Lydney, Gloucestershire: Lorry crossed unmanned level-crossing in front of Cardiff to Newcastle upon Tyne passenger train travelling at 60 m.p.h. Train crew and lorry driver killed.|
|19 December 1978||3||57||Between Hassocks and Preston Park, Sussex: Train ran into rear of another due to incorrect passing of both a caution signal and next signal (showing no aspect), as per rule book requirements.|
|6 July 1978||12||19||Taunton train fire, Somerset: Dirty linen stacked against electric heater, (victims died from carbon monoxide poisoning); locked doors.|
|5 September 1977||2||10||Farnley Junction, Leeds: Signalling problems resulting from technical work by engineering staff lead to head-on collision between passenger service and mail train.|
|2 July 1977||0||0||Between Wolverton and Bletchley. Derailment of express parcels train due to undetected continuous-welded rail buckle in hot weather.|
|3 December 1976||1||8||Chivers Occupation level-crossing, Cambridgeshire: Passenger train collided with lorry on unmanned level crossing.|
|3 January 1976||2||2||Worcester Tunnel Junction, Worcester: Locomotive running light runs into the rear of a parcels train due to driver failure to comply with signalman's instructions.|
|26 October 1975||1||41||Lunan Bay, Angus: Collision of recovery locomotive and failed train (10.15 Aberdeen to London King's Cross). Confusion over exact location of failed train and excessive speed.|
|6 June 1975||6||67||Nuneaton rail crash, Warwickshire: Excessive speed caused derailment of sleeper service. Temporary speed limit equipment faulty and inattention by driver.|
|23 January 1975||1||11||Watford Junction rail crash, Hertfordshire: Express derailed by a steel stillage that had fallen from freight train, then hit by another express.|
|11 June 1974||1||35||Pollokshields East railway station, Glasgow: EMU passenger train passed signal at danger and collided with DMU passenger train; driver error.|
|19 December 1973||10||94||Ealing rail crash, west London: Battery box door fell open, hit lineside equipment which operated points under train.|
|30 August 1973||5||51||Shields Junction near Glasgow: Collision between two passenger trains followed by fire; no clear cause - driver possibly suffered heart attack.|
|16 December 1972||0||11||Copyhold Junction, just north of Haywards Heath on London to Brighton Line: Slow train from Haywards Heath passed signal at danger, moving onto through line from local line, struck by Victoria-bound fast train.|
|1 June 1972||6||126||Eltham Well Hall rail crash, south-east London: Excessive speed on curve: driver intoxicated, assistant driver lacked route knowledge.|
|8 May 1972||0||2||Chester General station rail crash, Chester, Cheshire: Freight train vacuum brakes not connected, runaway train hit empty passenger stock in station.|
|2 July 1971||2||26||Tattenhall Junction, near Chester, Cheshire: School excursion train derailed; buckled track.|
|18 May 1971||2||1||Middlesbrough, North Yorkshire: Freight train ran into rear of stationary freight train standing at a signal having not been warned by signalman, who should have refused permission to enter that section, of latter's presence.|
|20 May 1970||2||13||Audenshaw Junction rail crash, Greater Manchester: Points changed under train; signalman tampered with equipment to speed up working.|
|31 December 1969||1||9||Roade Junction, Northamptonshire: 4-car Coventry to London Euston EMU passenger train collided with a derailed freight train.|
|7 May 1969||6||121||Morpeth rail crash (1969), Northumberland: Driver inattention led to night sleeper train derailing on tight curve at excessive speed (80 m.p.h.).|
|8 April 1969||2||30||Monmore Green, Wolverhampton: Freight train struck head-on by a passenger train which passed signal at danger; subsequent fire.|
|8 March 1969||2||45||Ashchurch, Gloucestershire: Bristol to Newcastle upon Tyne express passenger train hit part of a freight train which was derailing due to travelling at excess speed. The sides of several coaches on the passenger train were ripped off and two carriages derail.|
|4 January 1969||4||11||Marden rail crash, Marden, Kent: Express passenger train ran past signal at danger in fog and collided with parcels train.|
|9 September 1968||2||3||Castlecary, Stirlingshire: Locomotive running light ran into the back of a stationary six-car DMU standing at a signal.|
|12 June 1968||2||10||Sandridge, Hertfordshire: Fire on diesel multiple unit after gearbox failure damaged fuel tank; poor maintenance.|
|16 April 1968||5||0||Beckingham, Gainsborough, Lincolnshire: Stalled car hit by train on half barrier level-crossing situated between Gainsborough Trent junction and Beckingham (the crossing was subsequently closed and a by-pass built). All five occupants in the car were killed, including three children.|
|23 March 1968||2||1||Hatfield, Hertfordshire: Train driver error caused freight train to crash through buffers on a spur line and into an over-line bridge abutment at approximately 30 m.p.h.|
|11 March 1968||2||1||Peterborough North: Freight train ran into back of another freight train due to driver error.|
|6 January 1968||11||27||Hixon rail crash, Staffordshire: Express passenger train collided at level crossing with road-transporter carrying 110-ton transformer. |
|5 November 1967||49||78||Hither Green rail crash: Hastings to Charing Cross service derailed at 70 m.p.h. due to broken rail.|
|27 September 1967||1||23||Foxhall Junction, Didcot: Derailment caused by train driver driving at excessive speed through crossover (O. S. Nock was a passenger).|
|31 July 1967||7||45||Thirsk rail crash (1967): Derailment of the rear portion of a freight train led to wagon fouling adjacent track, passenger express ran into wagon at approximately 50 m.p.h.|
|11 July 1967||0||13||Maidstone East station, Kent: Freight train passed signal at danger and ran into rear of stationary passenger train; error by guard resulted in inadequate brake power; excessive speed.|
|5 March 1967||5||18||Connington South rail crash, Huntingdonshire: Signal operator wilfully defeated interlocking and moved facing points while passenger train was passing over them.|
|28 February 1967||9||16||Stechford rail crash, Birmingham: Misunderstood hand signal coupled with an unauthorised movement of a diesel locomotive crossing the running lines into the path of multiple unit passenger train travelling at 60 mph.|
|13 May 1966||2||5||Acton Grange Junction, Warrington, Cheshire: Rear section of moving freight train became uncoupled on gradient in dark and ran downhill into on-coming London Euston to Stranraer boat-train service, killing the driver and co-driver of the latter train.|
|17 December 1965||2||0||Bridgend, Glamorgan: Locomotive derailed due to landslide whilst hauling train of empty passenger coaches, and this in turn was run into by a freight train.|
|22 September 1965||3||8||Roundstone level-crossing, Angmering, Sussex: In thick fog a 4-car EMU passenger train crashed through crossing gates, closed across line in error by crossing keeper, and collided with a Southdown double-decker bus traversing the crossing, pushing it 54 yards along the track. Bus destroyed by fire.|
|4 September 1965||1||5||Holyhead, Anglesey: local passenger service from Bangor collided with stationary London Euston-bound boat-train service at Holyhead station due to inattention and lack of caution of driver and fireman.|
|20 May 1965||0||11||Hest Bank Lancashire : Derailment caused by broken rail|
|29 March 1965||2||15||Elm Park, near Dagenham, Essex: Derailment- Unknown persons placed obstruction on line, derailed London Fenchurch St. to Shoeburyness passenger train travelling at 70 m.p.h.|
|11 January 1965||1||2||Coton Hill rail crash, Shrewsbury: Driver of goods train failed to obey stop sign, derailed on trap points and crashed through Coton Hill signal box.|
|25 June 1964||1||4||Nantwich station level-crossing, Nantwich, Cheshire: Express passenger train from Plymouth to Manchester passed signal at danger and crashed through level-crossing gates into 2 road vehicles.|
|3 June 1964||3||17||Bradford Exchange station, West Yorkshire: Driver of DMU train suffers heart attack, train ran out of control on steep downhill approach to station and collides with a stationary mail train at platform.|
|28 May 1964||3||27||Cheadle Hulme, Cheshire: Train derailed crossing a temporary railway bridge over road widening work at well in excess of the temporary 10 m.p.h. speed limit.|
|5 March 1964||2||0||Itchingfield Junction, West Sussex: Collision between up goods train (Brighton to Three Bridges, diverted via Steyning line), which overran signals, and down goods train (Three Bridges to Chichester)|
|13 December 1963||1||31||Shoreditch, east London: Rear carriage of a London Liverpool St. to Gidea Park service derails shortly after leaving Liverpool St. station and is struck by a train travelling in the opposite direction.|
|6 December 1963||2||2||Stanton Gate, Stapleford, Nottinghamshire: 2 freight trains collide due to a signal being passed at danger.|
|15 August 1963||3||3||Knowle and Dorridge rail crash: Pullman service from Birmingham Snow Hill to London Paddington ran into freight train being shunted across its path due to signalman's error.|
|31 July 1963||1||2||Between Picton and Welbury, North Yorkshire: Freight train ran into the back of another freight train due to a signal passed at danger.|
|25 January 1963||2||3||Bracebridge Gas Sidings, Lincoln: 2-car DMU travelling from Grantham to Lincoln Central collided with a stationary steam locomotive.|
|26 December 1962||18||34||Coppenhall Junction rail disaster, Cheshire: Express hit a second express from the rear. Driver passed signal at danger as phone was out of order, hit stationary train in next section.|
|3 June 1962||3||7||Lincoln rail crash: Excess speed on curve.|
|16 July 1961||7||116||Singleton Bank rail crash, Weeton, Lancashire: signalman let train enter section of line under engineer's possession, collided with ballast train.|
|18 April 1961||2||42||Pitsea, Essex: steam-hauled passenger train operating a London Fenchurch St. to Shoeburyness service overturns after running over catch points.|
|13 February 1961||3||7||Baschurch station, Shropshire: Signalman's error caused collision between passenger train travelling at 40–45 m.p.h. and freight train locomotive that was shunting its wagons into a siding. The locomotive, tender and a stores van of the passenger train overturned and ended up on the station platform where the stores van burst into flames and burned out.|
|8 February 1961||0||6||Royton, Greater Manchester: Runaway train crashed through buffers and demolished a pair of terraced houses.|
|2 December 1960||4||1||North Belton level-crossing, near Dunbar, East Lothian: Car with five occupants hit by two freight trains on a level-crossing.|
|24 November 1960||2||26||Between Pontrhydyfen and Cwmavon, Glamorgan: Head-on collision between 3-car passenger DMU travelling from Swansea High Street to Barry Island and a runaway steam-hauled goods train.|
|21 January 1960||5||9||Settle rail crash: Locomotive slide bar fell off due to failed bolts; connecting rod became detached destroying adjacent track; oncoming goods train derailed into side of passenger train.|
|26 October 1959||0||22||Ardsley: Collision due to inadequate signaling arrangements.|
|25 August 1958||5||40||Eastbourne station rail crash, 22 serious injuries, 18 minor: Sleeper train from Glasgow passed signal at danger, collided head-on with 12-car EMU service from Ore to London Bridge as the latter is leaving platform at the station.|
|4 July 1958||0||45||Maze Hill station: Signal passed at danger, head-on collision of 4-car EMU from Gravesend Central to Charing Cross with 9-coach empty passenger stock train being shunted by a steam locomotive|
|30 January 1958||10||89||Dagenham East rail crash: Signal passed at danger in thick fog by passenger service, rear-end collision with preceding passenger service|
|4 December 1957||90||173||Lewisham rail crash, south-east London: Missed signals in fog, rear-end collision with another passenger service. Overbridge fell on wreckage when bridge's abutment struck by derailing locomotive and carriages.|
|9 February 1957||2||Chapel-en-le-Frith rail crash, Derbyshire: Runaway freight train rear-end collision with another freight train due to brake failure. Deceased driver of runaway train posthumously awarded George Cross.|
|7 January 1957||1||25||Welwyn Garden City rail crash (1957), Hertfordshire: Signals ignored in fog, rear-end collision with another passenger train.|
|6 September 1956||0||3||Ludlow:Collision due to driver error.|
|22 December 1955||1||50||Luton station accident (1955): Northbound passenger train in rear-end collision with stationary northbound passenger service.|
|2 December 1955||13||35||Barnes rail crash: rear-end collision because signalman error.|
|20 November 1955||11||157||Milton rail crash, Oxfordshire: Passenger service from Treherbert to London Paddington derailed whilst passing over a crossover at excessive speed.|
|28 May 1955||3||40||Wormit, Fife: Train derailed at excessive speed in tunnel, overturning onto a platform at Wormit Station. Locomotive fireman and 2 passengers on footplate killed.|
|23 January 1955||17||43||Sutton Coldfield rail crash: Train on diversionary route, pilot driver with route knowledge was unfamiliar with type of loco, speed on curve, train strewn over platforms.|
|17 December 1953||1||1||Longniddry A section of track fell off a down freight train on to the up line derailing 12:41 am parcel train from Edinburgh to Kings Cross.|
|28 October 1953||0||1||Goswick derailment: Glasgow to Colchester express passenger train derailed at Goswick.|
|15 August 1953||10||58||Irk Valley Junction rail crash near Manchester: 5-car EMU train collided with steam-hauled train at Irk Valley Junction, Collyhurst, caused by a signalman's error and driver inattention.|
|5 May 1953||6||0||Ystrad Caron level-crossing near Tregaron: van with six occupants on crossing hit by non-scheduled train.|
|8 April 1953||12||Stratford tube crash: Rear-end collision; trains being worked without signals because of damaged signals.|
|8 October 1952||112||340||Harrow and Wealdstone rail disaster, Middlesex: Train ignored signals, rear-end collision with stationary train, train travelling in the opposite direction ran into wreckage.|
|18 April 1952||0||34||Blea Moor: Brake rod on locomotive tender detached and derailed train.|
|21 September 1951||15||26||Weedon crash (1951), Northamptonshire: Jammed locomotive axlebox caused derailment of Liverpool Lime Street to London Euston passenger service at speed|
|16 March 1951||14||29||Doncaster rail crash, South Yorkshire: Southbound express passenger service to London King's Cross partly derailed on a poorly maintained crossover shortly after leaving Doncaster, one carriage destroyed.|
|7 September 1950||3||1||Hopworthy, Holsworthy, Devon: Train hit tractor on farm crossing. |
|27 August 1950||6||35||Penmaenmawr crash (1950), north Wales: Up Irish Mail sleeper service from Holyhead to London Euston collided with shunting locomotive at night due to signalman's error.|
|8 June 1950||5||0||near Beattock Summit: Fire on train.|
|13 May 1950||0||68||Preston, Lancashire: Passenger train from Southport collided with a stationary light engine after passing signals at danger|
|23 June 1949||0||7||Train fire near Penmanshiel Tunnel: 2 carriages of Edinburgh to King's Cross express destroyed by fire.|
|30 November 1948||5||36||Stockport Viaduct, Greater Manchester: In dense fog, stationary passenger train from Manchester to Crewe and Disley was run into by following passenger train from Manchester to Buxton, which had passed a signal at danger. Two rearmost coaches of standing train were telescoped.|
|19 May 1948||8||34||Wath Road Junction: Buckled track caused loco to derail, train rolled down embankment.|
|17 April 1948||24||30||Winsford rail accident (1948), Cheshire: Glasgow to London Euston train was stopped after communication cord pulled inappropriately by passenger, stopped train run into by following train due to a signalman's error|
1923–1947: The Big Four
|6 November 1947||4||101||Motspur ParkSurrey: Fogman error |
|27 October 1947||27||Goswick rail crash: Excess speed on diversion, driver not read warning notice.|
|24 October 1947||32||183||South Croydon rail crash: Signalman's error in fog, rear-end collision.|
|9 August 1947||18||118||Doncaster: Signalman's error, rear-end collision.|
|22 July 1947||5||64||Polesworth Derailment due to track defects.|
|18 May 1947||0||4||Lambrigg Crossing signal box between Grayrigg and Oxenholme: 4 hospitalised. Express driver missed a signal while looking in his food box, hit light engine.|
|2 January 1947||7||45||Gidea Park: Signalman's error in fog, rear end collision.|
|27 December 1946||0||3||Byfleet, Surrey : Derailment due to track defects |
|10 November 1946||0||7||Marshmoor, Hertfordshire : Derailment due to track defects |
|10 February 1946||2||17||Potters Bar rail crash: Driver error and signaller's error. Passenger train hit buffers, derailed carriages fouled the main line. Two express trains hit wreckage.|
|1 January 1946||20||21||Lichfield rail crash: Signal interlocking failed due to frozen points, goods train collided with rear of stationary passenger train.|
|31 December 1945||3||10||Northwood Middlesex : Collision due to excess speed in fog |
|30 September 1945||43||64||Bourne End rail crash: excess speed on turnout.|
|4 February 1945||2||26||King's Cross railway accident: Loco slipped to stand in tunnel, train rolled back into station.|
|2 June 1944||2||29||Soham rail disaster: Explosion of wagon containing ammunition.|
|13 March 1944||1||7||Near Henstridge railway station; unconfirmed 1 killed, 7 injured: U.S. road transport vehicle crashed through bridge wall onto passing train.|
|16 January 1944||9||38||Ilford rail crash (1944): Politician Frank Heilgers killed, signal passed at danger in fog.|
|2 February 1942||13||63||Cowlairs East Junction collision.|
|30 December 1941||23||57||Eccles rail crash (1941): Train passed red signal in fog and wartime blackout, collision on crossing.|
|2 July 1941||5||6||Dolphin Junction: Signalman failed to notice train.|
|4 November 1940||27||56||Norton Fitzwarren rail crash (1940): Driver read wrong signal, drove off end of track at 40 mph.|
|February 1940||1||Watford: Landslide, embankment slid onto track.|
|22 February 1939||1||161||Glasgow: Passing Signal at danger caused by driver error, rear-end collision with another passenger train at Stobcross West Junction.|
|4 August 1938||1||3||Wishaw South: Driver error-excessive speed |
|8 April 1938||2||15||Rutherglen:Axle defect.|
|21 January 1938||3||46||Oakley Junction, Bedfordshire:Signalmans error |
|10 December 1937||35||179||Castlecary rail crash: Whiteout in snowy night and snow blocked points, rear-end collision.|
|2 April 1937||10||17||Battersea Park rail crash (1937): Signalling error.|
|15 January 1936||2||10||Shrivenham: Train collided with breakaway wagons.|
|15 June 1935||13||85||Welwyn Garden City rail crash: rear-end collision caused by signalman's error.|
|28 September 1934||12||Winwick rail crash: Collision at junction: overloaded signalman, mistake by his assistant lad.|
|6 September 1934||9||11||Port Eglinton Junction, Glasgow: Head on collision.|
|19 December 1933||2||1||Hellifield, Yorkshire:Shunter/guard error causing head on collision.|
|6 December 1933||1||6||Altrincham:Signalmans error |
|10 July 1933||1||35||Little Salkeld:Signalmans error |
|25 May 1933||5||Raynes Park: Train derailed due to uncompleted track maintenance.|
|17 June 1932||4||54||Great Bridgeford: Excessive speed |
|22 March 1931||6||Leighton Buzzard: Train derailed due to driver exceeding speed limit on slow lines.|
|9 January 1930||1||Lawrence Hill: Rear collision, signalman incorrectly accepted next train.|
|20 November 1929||3||Combe Down Tunnel accident: Train crew overcome by smoke in a tunnel, runaway train crashed into a goods yard.|
|12 February 1929||2||0||Doe Hill: Head on collision-signalmans error.|
|8 January 1929||4||38||Ashchurch: Signal overrun.|
|13 October 1928||15||Charfield railway disaster, Gloucestershire; 15 estimate killed, 11 known dead: Night mail train hit shunting freight train.|
|9 October 1928||1||14||New Tredegar: During temporary single-line working signalman allowed train up to signal which it failed to stop at, colliding with train running the other way (first passenger fatality on GWR since 1916).|
|9 July 1928||2||London Bridge: Driver of light engine misread signals.|
|27 June 1928||25||Darlington rail crash: head-on collision, signal passed at danger.|
|24 August 1927||13||Sevenoaks railway accident: Derailment.|
|27 February 1927||0||48||Penistone: Shunting engine passed signal meant for express, collision.|
|14 February 1927||12||24||Hull Paragon rail accident: Head on collision caused by signalling error.|
|19 November 1926||9||Parkgate and Rawmarsh railway station: Derailment and collision|
|30 August 1926||9||Naworth Crossing: Collision with charabanc on crossing.|
|7 December 1925||9||6||Fenny Stratford, Buckinghamshire: Collision with road vehicle.|
|12 October 1925||0||21||Llandudno:Driver error, signal passed at danger.|
|3 November 1924||15||12||Lytham rail crash: Locomotive tyre fracture|
|5 July 1923||4||11||Diggle: Driver error |
|13 February 1923||3||23||Retford:Driver error.|
|6 December 1922||1||8||Birkenhead Park, Cheshire: Head-on collision between two Wirral Railway trains, failure to see a signal set at danger.|
|26 January 1921||17||36||Abermule train collision, Powys: Head-on collision on single line, inattention to proper procedures.|
|4 August 1920||0||13||Littlehampton,Sussex: Brakes failed, train collided with buffers.|
|17 July 1920||4||148||Lostock Junction, Bolton: Collision between two Lancashire & Yorkshire Railway passenger trains due to signal passed at danger.|
|29 November 1919||1||4||Haverhill, Suffolk: Passenger train hit buffer stops in siding after leaving Haverhill Station due to error by the train driver and signalman.|
|17 November 1919||0||11||Crewe railway station, Cheshire: Chester to Crewe passenger train hit buffer stops on bay platform.|
|5 May 1919||1||1||Paddock Wood, Kent: Two goods trains collided due to excessive speed. |
|15 June 1918||1||8||Denburn South Junction, Aberdeen: Glasgow to Aberdeen passenger train strikes an engine running light on approaching Aberdeen Joint Passenger Station due to a signalman's error.|
|19 January 1918||7||46||Little Salkeld rail accident on Settle-Carlisle line: London St. Pancras to Glasgow express ran into landslip in cutting blocking line at 60 m.p.h.|
|18 January 1918||1||4||near Oswestry, Signalmans error- Head-on collision on single line.|
|24 September 1917||10||0||Bere Ferrers rail accident, Devon: New Zealand troops just disembarked in the UK after voyage from N.Z. alighted via wrong side of train and onto track under misapprehension that Bere Ferrers Station was in fact Exeter St. Davids (where they were due to receive food rations) and were hit by another train travelling in opposite direction at 40 m.p.h.|
|3 January 1917||12||46||Ratho rail crash, Queensferry Junction, West Lothian: Passenger express train collided with goods engine running light due to human error.|
|3 February 1916||2||1||TorpantauWales: Signal passed at danger.|
|2 February 1916||0||0||Penistone rail accident (1916), Yorkshire: Penistone end of the viaduct north of station subsides; embankment and end arch fell, taking an engine with it.|
|17 December 1915||19||81||St Bedes Junction rail crash: Double collision sent trains down embankment and fire consumed some of the wreckage. Procedural failures by driver and signalman.|
|14 August 1915||10||21||Weedon rail crash (1915), Northamptonshire: Detached coupling rod on a moving locomotive damaged adjacent track causing oncoming train to derail, with carriages toppling down an embankment as a consequence.|
|22 May 1915||226||246||Quintinshill rail crash, 22 May 1915; 226 killed, 246 injured: Troop train hit local standing train and 2 coal trains; another train hit wreckage caused by mistakes by signalmen.|
|1 January 1915||10||500+||Ilford rail crash (1915): Driver passed signals at danger.|
|18 June 1914||5||10||Carrbridge rail crash, Scottish Highlands: Bridge collapsed whilst a train was passing over it following torrential rain.|
|17 June 1914||1||9||Reading, Berkshire: Train passed signal at danger leading to collision with a second train|
|14 April 1914||2||12||Burntisland railway station, Fife. Edinburgh to Aberdeen train collided with the Dundee goods train|
|1 September 1913||14||38||1913 Ais Gill rail accident: Train passed red signal, rear-end collision; underpowered engines and bad coal.|
|26 March 1913||2||2||Chumhill railway accident: 2 track workers killed; 2 injured.|
|17 September 1912||15||50||Ditton Junction rail crash, Cheshire: Train derailed, collided with a structure and then caught fire.|
|23 January 1911||11||Pontypridd railway accident: Rear collision.|
|24 December 1910||12||17||Hawes Junction rail crash: Train hit 2 light engines; signalman's error- forgot train.|
|29 January 1910||7||65||Coulsdon North, Surrey : Rolling stock failure and derailment|
|1 January 1910||1||0||Braunton Road railway accident, Devon: 1 railwayman killed whilst opening level-crossing gates.|
|26 October 1909||2||26||West Hampstead: Two passengers train collided in fog.|
|21 April 1909||3||Cardiff, Wales: Boiler explosion|
|5 March 1909||2||?||Tonbridge, Kent : Signal passed at danger.|
|15 October 1907||18||33||Shrewsbury rail accident: Derailment at speed on curve|
|9 October 1907||2||Dore railway station, South Yorkshire: Train fouled on points|
|28 September 1907||1||12||Newport rail accident: collision|
|28 December 1906||22||Elliot Junction rail accident, Forfarshire: Collision in blizzard.|
|19 September 1906||13||17||Grantham rail accident, Lincolnshire: Derailment.|
|1 July 1906||28||11||Salisbury rail crash: Express passenger service derailed due to speed on a tight curve at Salisbury Station in the early hours and collided with a milk train|
|5 December 1905||6||Charing Cross roof collapse, London.|
|1 September 1905||11||71||Witham rail crash, Essex: Derailment over track being repaired.|
|27 July 1905||20||48||Hall Road rail accident, Blundellsands, Lancashire: 2 Lancashire & Yorkshire Railway electric passenger trains collided due to human error on the part of a signalman and a train driver.|
|19 January 1905||7||Cudworth, South Yorkshire: Collision of two Midland Railway trains with a third, in fog.|
|23 December 1904||4||Aylesbury station, Buckinghamshire: 4 killed were driver, secondman and 2 Royal Mail employees. Mail train in fog and dark before dawn; train too fast on sharp curve entering station. (The track was relaid afterwards to ease the curve.)|
|3 October 1904||5||94||near Llanelli- Derailment due to excessive speed.|
|27 July 1903||16||27||Glasgow St Enoch rail crash: Train ran into buffer stops|
|27 February 1903||0||35||Leven Viaduct near Ulverston: Early morning Carnforth to Whitehaven train blown over by high winds after being stopped on viaduct by telegraph wires caught in the engine's ejector.|
|23 December 1901||6||0||Dingle,Liverpool: Electrical fault.|
|24 October 1901||0||1||Bowling Tunnel, Bradford, Yorkshire: Defective coupling causing freight train to divide causing collision. |
|16 June 1900||5||35||Slough rail accident: Express passed signal at danger and collided with local train standing in station.|
|23 March 1900||7||Glasgow: Collision|
|17 October 1898||9||26||Wrawby Junction rail crash (1898), Lincolnshire: Passenger train collided with derailed goods wagons hauling tree trunks.|
|2 September 1898||7||65||Wellingborough rail accident, Northamptonshire: Luggage trolley rolled off platform onto rails and derailed passing express.|
|18 July 1898||2||0||Acton, London: Passenger train from Windsor to Paddington. Inside connecting-rod of the engine broke and pierced the fire-box. Driver and fireman jumped or were thrown off but died in hospital the following day from burns. |
|21 March 1898||3||20||St Johns train crash 1898, London: Passenger train ran into the back of another passenger train in thick fog due to oversight by signalman.|
|4 February 1898||7||8||Barassie Junction, South Ayrshire: Mail train and passenger train collided at high speed at junction.|
|10 October 1897||1||2||Penistone station, South Yorkshire: Light locomotive collided with a carriage|
|1 September 1897||1||31||Tooths Bank, near Heathfield, Sussex: Excessive speed causing derailment |
|11 June 1897||11||Welshampton rail accident, Shropshire: Derailment.|
|15 November 1897||2||Menheniot: Reconstruction of Trevido Viaduct, accident raising a heavy timber.|
|9 February 1897||12||Menheniot: Reconstruction of Coldrennick Viaduct: workman's platform fell.|
|15 August 1896||1||Preston: Excessive speed on curve.|
|6 April 1896||1||Snowdon Mountain Railway: Runaway on hill derailed.|
|22 December 1894||14||Chelford rail accident: Wind blew a truck into path of express.|
|10 November 1895||1||6||St. Neots Derailment 1895: Broken rail.|
|12 August 1893||13||Llantrisant rail accident: Train down an embankment.|
|2 November 1892||10||43||Thirsk rail crash (1892): Rear-end collision, mistake by signalman, tired due to acute family crisis.|
|9 June 1892||5||Esholt Junction rail crash: 2 trains collide at junction, caused by unsafe procedures and a signal obscured by vegetation.|
|27 May 1892||2||68||Derby Junction rail crash: 2 passenger trains collided at Derby Junction in Birmingham.|
|1 May 1891||0||1||Norwood Junction crash: Cast-iron under-bridge broke under an express train.|
|10 November 1890||10||Norton Fitzwarren rail crash (1890): 2 trains collided due to signaller and train crew errors.|
|4 March 1890||4||Carlisle: Brakes misapplied.|
|12 June 1889||80||260||Armagh rail disaster: Runaway carriages collide with following train.|
|30 March 1889||1||many||Penistone (Huddersfield Junction): Passenger train engine broke axle and derailed on points. Then a mail train collided slightly with fallen engine.|
|8 February 1888||1||11||Hoylake, Cheshire: Collision between trains going in opposite directions.|
|16 September 1887||25||94||Hexthorpe rail accident: Express ran into stationary race train.|
|1 September 1886||0||20||Penistone: Engine hit train too hard when backing onto it to couple up|
|1 January 1885||4||Penistone (Barnsley Junction): Excursion train passing empty coal train. Coal truck derailed and fouled the excursion.|
|16 July 1884||24||60||Penistone (Bullhouse Bridge) rail accident: Engine broke axle, derailed, train fell off embankment.|
|7 June 1884||04||0||Sevenoaks, Kent: Two freight trains collided. Trains worked under time interval system|
|3 June 1884||4||41||Downton, Wiltshire: Derailment caused by excessive speed over poor quality track|
|8 December 1882||0||2||Penistone station: Accident during shunting|
|27 November 1882||5||Inverythan crash: Bridge collapsed under train.|
|14 May 1882||7||300||Lockerbie, Dumfriesshire: Train from Stranraer on the Dumfries, Lochmaben and Lockerbie Railway passed a signal and collided at low speed with an empty goods train on the Caledonian Main Line north of Lockerbie. Goods train's wagons derailed and southbound express collided with them.|
|8 August 1881||7||Blackburn: 7 killed: Collision|
|11 August 1880||8||Wennington Junction rail crash: Derailment.|
|15 January 1880||5-9||n/k||Burscough Junction Station Crash, Lancashire.|
|28 December 1879||75 estimate||0||Tay Bridge disaster. Bridge collapsed under train in a gale.|
|19 October 1878||13||Pontypridd: Collision.|
|25 March 1877||Morpeth 1877: Kings Cross to Edinburgh train derailed on curve whilst travelling at 25 miles per hour.|
|23 December 1876||4||Arlesey: Passenger train struck derailed goods train.|
|23 November 1876||6||Heeley railway station: St Pancras to Carlisle train derailed at 60 miles per hour.|
|7 August 1876||15||Radstock rail accident: Head-on collision on single track. Inadequate infrastructure and unqualified staff overloaded by holiday traffic.|
|21 January 1876||14||Abbots Ripton rail disaster: Rear-end collision. Snow stuck slotted signals in clear position.|
|28 August 1875||5||40||Kildwick and Cross Hills rail crash.|
|24 December 1874||34||69||Shipton-on-Cherwell train crash: Carriage tyre broke, derailed train on bridge over canal.|
|10 September 1874||25||73||Thorpe rail accident: Head-on collision on single-track line.|
|27 January 1874||16||Bo'ness Junction rail crash: Express and mineral trains collide.|
|2 December 1873||1||Menheniot: Head on collision on single line. misunderstood signalman's verbal order|
|2 August 1873||13||30||Wigan rail crash.|
|2 October 1872||12||Kirtlebridge rail crash.|
|26 December 1870||8||Hatfield rail crash (1870): Carriage wheel failure caused train separation.|
|12 December 1870||15||59||Stairfoot rail accident: Train divided.|
|6 December 1870||5||57||Brockley Whins.|
|26 November 1870||7||Harrow: Signal overrun in fog.|
|14 September 1870||3||13||Tamworth rail crash: Signalmans error, diverted Irish Mail into siding where it crashed into river.|
|20 June 1870||18||Newark rail crash: Excursion and freight train collided.|
|9 October 1869||7||Long Eaton: Collision|
|18 December 1869||4||Dalton Junction rail crash; axle break derails Night Mail.|
|20 August 1868||33||Abergele train disaster:|
|29 June 1867||8||Warrington rail crash|
|9 June 1866||2||2||Welwyn Tunnel rail crash.|
|9 June 1865||10||49||Staplehurst rail crash: Train ran over bridge where rails removed for work. Charles Dickens a passenger.|
|7 June 1865||11||30||Rednal rail crash: Excursion train failed to see warning flag for track maintenance.|
|14 December 1864||5||Blackheath Tunnel.|
|7 June 1864||7||Egham: Collision|
|3 August 1863||7||King's Lynn: Derailment.|
|13 October 1862||15||Winchburgh rail crash: Collision in deep cutting.|
|6 December 1861||1||Portswood rail accident.|
|2 September 1861||16||Kentish Town rail accident: Passenger and freight trains collide.|
|25 August 1861||23||176||Clayton Tunnel rail crash: Train hit stationary train in tunnel, confusion over signalling.|
|11 June 1861||2||Wooton Bridge Collapse: Freight train, cast iron girders broke.|
|16 November 1860||10||Atherstone rail accident.|
|4 September 1860||11||77||Helmshore rail accident, Lancashire: Rear portion of passenger excursion train became detached and ran back down line where it collided with an on-coming passenger train.|
|20 February 1860||7||9||Tottenham station: Locomotive wheel failure led to derailment and collision with station platform.|
|17 February 1860||1||Gloucester: PC William Goatman of the Midland Railway Police dies: hit by goods train while crossing railway lines.|
|16 July 1859||1||79||Bishopton, Renfrewshire: Two passenger trains collide in a tunnel at Bishopton.|
|23 August 1858||14||50||Round Oak rail accident: Rear part of train broke away and ran back down line, collision with following train. 170 persons applied for compensation because "of injury to their persons or their clothes".|
|28 June 1857||11||Lewisham rail crash (1857), South London: 2 trains collide|
|4 August 1856||3||9||Stubbins, north of Ramsbottom, Lancashire: Northbound passenger train derails and overturns due to poorly installed temporary level-crossing.|
|27 September 1855||1||9||Summerseat, north of Bury, Greater Manchester: Accrington to Bury passenger train runs into stationary goods train due to faulty signal.|
|12 September 1855||7||7||Reading: Head-on collision between light engine running on wrong line and passenger train.|
|5 October 1853||18||Unknown||Straffan rail accident, County Kildare, Ireland: Collision of goods train into rear of stationary passenger train.|
|4 March 1853||6||Dixon Fold railway station: Locomotive wheel failure.|
|12 July 1852||4||a great number||Burnley railway station.|
|13 March 1852||1||Bishopstoke rail accident: Driver killed|
|6 September 1851||6||Bicester, Oxfordshire: Train misrouted.|
|6 June 1851||5||1?||Falmer, Sussex: Train ran down incline without braking derailed by wooden sleeper obstructing track; engine, tender and two carriages end up on nearby public highway.|
|30 April 1851||6-9||30-40||Sutton Tunnel railway accident, Cheshire: Two inadequately powered trains struggling together to climb gradient in tunnel ran into by third following train due to miscalculations by Executive Committee and staff.|
|1 August 1850||5||10||Cowlairs, Glasgow.|
|27 June 1849||Hemerdon: Boiler explosion.|
|10 February 1849||5||Rockcliffe, Cumbria: Derailment.|
|10 May 1848||6||13||Shrivenham station: Express struck horse-box and cattle-van.|
|5 June 1847||7||Wolverton: 'turned into siding'|
|24 May 1847||2||Southall: Broken locomotive tyre.|
|24 May 1847||5||16||Dee bridge disaster: Bridge collapsed into the river at Chester.|
|1 January 1846||1||1||Tonbridge: Driver killed, bridge collapsed into River Medway.|
|6 October 1845||0||1||Penistone: Train derailed by cow.|
|November 1844||2||15||Beeston, Nottinghamshire.|
|5 October 1844||0||23||Anerley.|
|6 January 1843||1||1||Barnsley railway station, North Midland Railway: Luggage train ran into back of Leeds train in fog. "All carriages were smashed to pieces", the head of the only passenger was "cut completely off".|
|24 December 1841||8||17||Railway accident at Sonning Cutting: Train ran into landslide caused by heavy rain|
|29 October 1841||1||Hartford, Cheshire, Northwich.|
|7 September 1841||0||6||Wootton Bassett: Train derailed in landslip.|
|10 November 1840||2||Bromsgrove railway station: Boiler explosion.|
|25 October 1840||1||4||Faringdon Road: Driver asleep at controls.|
|7 August 1840||4||Howden rail crash, Yorkshire: Large casting fell from wagon and derailed carriages.|
|12 July 1839||2||Whiston, Merseyside.|
|7 August 1838||1||Harrow train accident: Death of Thomas Port, run over by train.|
|3 December 1836||3||Wetheral train accident.|
|4 May 1833||Bagworth: Collision with farmer's cart on level crossing, led to the implementation of the locomotive whistle.|
|April 1831||Newton Junction: PC Bates of the Liverpool and Manchester railway police force caused an accident when he failed to change a set of points when asleep at his post; fined £3 by magistrates.|
|26 March 1831||1||Waverton Lane, near Liverpool, Liverpool and Manchester Railway: Locomotive "Phoenix" struck a plank of wood laying across the tracks (having been carelessly discarded by some workmen who were repairing the embankment). A lad named Wright, an assistant on the locomotive, was thrown onto the track and the wheels of several of the carriages passed over his head, killing him instantaneously. An inquest returned a verdict of "accidental death".|
|26 March 1831||1||0||Manchester, Liverpool and Manchester Railway: Man named Lawrence, an employee of the company, was walking along the line, when he suddenly fell down over the tracks and a passing train ran him over, nearly severing him in two. An inquest returned a verdict of "accidental death".|
|26 March 1831||0||1||Manchester, Liverpool and Manchester Railway: Man named Burn, a guard of the company, being drunk, tried to jump aboard a train as it was passing at full speed but fell onto the tracks and had his legs run over, "... crushing them in so dreadful a manner as to render amputation immediately necessary." The reports make the point that the accident was entirely his own fault, "He got upon the train without the knowledge of the superintendent, and it was not known that he had made the attempt until his mangled body was seen lying upon the ground."|
|15 September 1830||1||0||Parkside: William Huskisson was first death on public railway at opening of Liverpool and Manchester Railway when he was run down by Stephenson's Rocket.|
Despite its age and high usage, train related accidents which have involved passenger fatalities are exceptionally rare, the last major incident to result in these being the Moorgate tube crash in 1975. Derailments in the period 2003–2004 did not result in fatalities, although the Chancery Lane derailment in 2003 led to a closure of the Central line whilst urgent safety checks were undertaken.
Inverythan crash, 27 November 1882
Esholt Junction rail crash, 9 June 1892
A view of the Penrhyndeudraeth level crossing, viewed from the station.
- List of rail accidents by country
- List of rail accidents worldwide
- List of train accidents by death toll
- This total comprises 214 soldiers on the troop train, 9 passengers from the two passenger trains, 3 railway employees and 4 children, believed to be stowaways on the troop train. Col Druitt's official report into the accident gives the figure as 227 (he did not include the 4 children), but he compiled the report very soon after the accident and gave the number of troops killed as 215 which was later revised downwards by the army to 214, the figure which appears on the memorial in the Rosebank Cemetery in Edinburgh.
- Lt Col G. R. S. Wilson (12 June 1953). Report on the Double Collision which occurred on 8 October 1952, at Harrow and Wealdstone Station in the London Midland Region, British Railways. Ministry of Transport, Rail Accident Investigation Branch. p. 1.
- Currie, J.R.L. (1971). The Runaway Train: Armagh 1889. Newton Abbot: David & Charles. pp. 109, 129–130. ISBN 0-7153-5198-2.
- "Malton rail level crossing crash victim, 77, dies". BBC News. 2014-05-07. Retrieved 2014-05-07.
- "Passenger train collision at Norwich 21 July 2013". www.raib.gov.uk. 2013-11-21. Retrieved 2013-11-21.
- "Georgia Varley train fall death: Christopher McGee jailed". Bbc.co.uk. 2012-11-15. Retrieved 2013-02-26.
- "Report released into a fatal accident at James Street station, Liverpool". Rail Accident Investigation Branch. Retrieved 23 January 2014.
- "Oxshott train crash "could have been avoided"". Surrey Comet. 8 August 2011. Retrieved 12 September 2011.
- Mat Reaney (2010-11-05). "Rail Accident Investigation: Report132011". Raib.gov.uk. Retrieved 2012-11-05.
- "Rail Accident Report: Fatal accident at Moreton-on-Lugg, near Hereford, 16 January 2010". RAIB. Retrieved 9 May 2011.
- "Network Rail apology over Moreton level crossing death". BBC. 21 January 2010. Retrieved 23 January 2010.
- Sarah Spacey (2010-01-16). "Rail Accident Investigation: Report 04/2011". Raib.gov.uk. Retrieved 2012-11-05.
- "Rail Accident Report: Derailment at Grayrigg - 23 February 2007". Raib.gov.uk. Retrieved 2012-11-06.
- Department for Transport Rail Accident Investigation Branch (December 2006). "Rail Accident Report: Investigation into station pedestrian crossings...; with reference to the fatal accident at Elsenham station on 3 December 2005" (PDF).
- Nicola Carter (2005-12-03). "Rail Accident Investigation: Report 23/2006". Raib.gov.uk. Retrieved 2012-11-05.
- "Train crash killed manager's wife". BBC News. 11 July 2005.
- "Rail crash was caused by suicide". BBC News. 1 November 2007. Retrieved 3 June 2010.
- "Formal Inquiry: Collision with a Road Vehicle and Subsequent Derailment of Passenger Train 1C92 1735 hrs Paddington to Plymouth at Ufton Automatic Half Barrier (AHB) Level Crossing on 06 November 2004 - Preliminary Report". The Railways Archive. Retrieved 2012-11-05.
- "Accident at Tebay on 15th February 2004". Railways Archive. Retrieved 23 January 2014.
- "Tebay Report and Recommendations". The Railways Archive. Retrieved 2012-11-05.
- "Man killed in miniature train crash". BBC News. 3 August 2003.
- "Safety rule ignored before train crash". BBC News. 7 July 2003.
- "Derailment of First Great Western high speed train at Southall East on Sunday 24 November 2002" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-11-05.
- Rosie Cowan, crime correspondent (17 October 2005). "Rail crash officials will not face manslaughter charges | UK news". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 2012-11-06.
- "Formal Inquiry: Derailment of train 1T60, 1245 hrs Kings Cross to Kings Lynn at Potters Bar on 10 May 2002 - Final Report". The Railways Archive. Retrieved 2012-11-05.
- "Great Heck - Selby". Rail-reg.gov.uk. 2001-02-28. Retrieved 2012-11-05.
- "Driver escapes unhurt in Bristol train crash". The Guardian (London). 1 November 2000. Retrieved 2 August 2011.
- "Hatfield train derailment". Rail-reg.gov.uk. Retrieved 2012-11-05.
- Vaughan 2003, pp. 158–171.
- "Accident at Ladbroke Grove on 5th October 1999". The Railways Archive. Retrieved 2012-11-05.
- "Report By The Health And Safety Executive's Railway Inspectorate Into The Train Accident At Winsford South Junction On 23 June 1999". The Railways Archive. Retrieved 2012-11-05.
- "Report by the Health and Safety Executive's Railway Inspectorate into the train accident at Spa Road on 8 January 1999". The Railways Archive. Retrieved 2012-11-05.
- "Investigators search for a cause". BBC News. 18 October 2000.
- Vaughan 2003, pp. 141–157.
- "Southall rail accident". Rail-reg.gov.uk. Retrieved 2012-11-05.
- "Accident at Newton Abbot on 6th March 1997".
- "Railway Accident at Bexley: A Report into the Derailment of a Freight Train at Bexley on the Dartford Loop line of Railtrack Southern Zone on 4 February 1997". The Railways Archive. Retrieved 2012-11-05.
- Vaughan 2003, pp. 133–137.
- "Railway Accident at Watford: A Report of the Investigation into the Collision that occurred on 8 August 1996 at Watford South Junction on the line from Euston to Crewe in the Railtrack Midlands Zone". The Railways Archive. Retrieved 2012-11-05.
- "Railway Accident at Rickerscote: A Report of the Investigation into the Derailment of a Freight Train and the Subsequent Collision with a Travelling Post Office Train on 8 March 1996". The Railways Archive. Retrieved 2012-11-05.
- "Accident at Royal Oak on 10th November 1995".
- Transport, CHRISTIAN WOLMAR (12 July 1995). "Thirteen hurt as trains crash through buffers". The Independent (London).
- Vaughan 2003, pp. 128–132.
- "Railway Accident Near Ais Gill: A Report on the Fatal Accident that occurred on 31 January 1995 near Ais Gill, on the line from Carlisle to Leeds in the Railtrack North East Zone". The Railways Archive. Retrieved 2012-11-05.
- Vaughan 2003, pp. 122–127.
- "Accident at Maidstone East on 6th September 1993".
- Vaughan 2003, pp. 109–121.
- "Accident at Appleford on 3rd December 1991". The Railways Archive. Retrieved 2013-12-24.
- Vaughan 2003, pp. 105–108.
- Cooksey, A. (2 March 1992). "A Report of the Collision that Occurred on 8 January 1991 at Cannon Street Station". HMSO. ISBN 0-11-886303-7. Retrieved 2012-11-06.
- Railway Inspectorate (1994). Railway accident at Stafford : a report on a collision that occurred on 4 August 1990. Sudbury: HSE Books. ISBN 0717607399.
- "Chronology of rail crashes". BBC News. 2002-05-10. Retrieved 2014-07-12.
- Vaughan 2003, pp. 94–100.
- Vaughan 2003, pp. 88–93.
- Vaughan 2003, pp. 75–84.
- Vaughan 2003, pp. 53–61.
- Williams, A. (29 July 1988). "Railway Accident: Report on the Collision that occurred on 11 September 1986 at Bridgeton". HMSO. Retrieved 2012-11-06.
- Vaughan 2003, pp. 44–52.
- "Railway Accident: Report on the Collision that occurred on 9th March 1986 at Chinley". The Railways Archive. Retrieved 2013-12-23.
- "Report on the Collision that occurred on 6th November 1985 at Copyhold Junction near Haywards Heath in the Southern Region British Railways". The Railways Archive. Retrieved 2013-12-23.
- "Report on the Collision that occurred on 31st May 1985 at Battersea Park Station in the Southern Region British Railways". The Railways Archive. Retrieved 2013-12-23.
- Department of Transport (1986). Railway Accident Report on the Collision that occurred on 11th October 1984 near Wembley Central Station. London: HMSO.
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- A signalman (1874). A voice from the signal-box: or, railway accidents and their causes. London: Longmans, Green, & Co.