List of recipients of the Silver Buffalo Award

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This list of recipients of the Silver Buffalo Award includes people who have been awarded the highest commendation of the Boy Scouts of America. Since the Silver Buffalo Award was first awarded in 1926, only 719 have been presented as of 2013.

Contents
1926 1927 1928 1929 1930 1931 1932 1933 1934 1935 1936 1938 1940 1941 1942 1943 1944 1945 1946 1947 1948 1949 1950 1951 1952 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1978 1980 1981 1982 1984 1986 1988 1990 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
References


1926[edit]

During the first presentation in 1926, twenty-two awards were presented in a particular order determined by Chief Scout Executive James E. West.

Recipient Notability References
Robert Baden-Powell Lieutenant-general in the British Army, writer and founder of the Scout Movement [a]
Unknown Scout Unknown member of the British Boy Scout Association who inspired W. D. Boyce to form the BSA [a]
William D. Boyce Publisher and entrepreneur, founder of the BSA and the Lone Scouts of America [a]
Colin H. Livingstone Financier, first president of the BSA [a]
James J. Storrow Investment banker instrumental in forming General Motors, third president of GM and second president of the BSA (posthumous award) [a]
Daniel Carter Beard Illustrator, author, social reformer, founding pioneer of the BSA and the first national Scout commissioner [a]
Ernest Thompson Seton Noted author, wildlife artist, founder of the Woodcraft Indians, founding pioneer of the BSA and first Chief Scout; heavily influenced Baden-Powell in his formation of Scouting [a]
Edgar M. Robinson Senior secretary in the YMCA, co-founder of the BSA [a]
Lee F. Hanmer Member of the Russell Sage Foundation, secretary of the BSA Committee of Organization [a][1]
George Wood Wingate U.S. Army General, lawyer, and 25 year president of the National Rifle Association. [a]
Joseph Lee Volunteer social worker, author, and president of the Playground and Recreation Association. Father of the playground idea. [a][2][3]
Howard S. Braucher Social worker, chair of the first committee on organization for the BSA, and Secretary of the Playground and Recreation Association. [a][2]
Mortimer L. Schiff Banker, philanthropist, vice-president of the BSA, member of the World Scout Committee, recipient of the Bronze Wolf, later president of the BSA [a]
Milton A. McRae Publisher, co-founder of the Scripps-McRae League of newspapers, later the third president of the BSA [a]
Frank Presbrey Author,editor, and dean of advertising. Charter member of BSA executive board and chair of committee on Boys Life. [a][2]
George D. Pratt Advocate of forest conservation and wildlife protection. Charter member of BSA executive board, chair of camping committee, and vice-chair of national court of honor. [a][2]
John Sherman Hoyt Manufacturer, vice chair of war work council YMCA. Charter member of BSA executive board and chair of finance committee. [a][2]
Jeremiah Jenks Political economist, educator, and author. Charter member of BSA executive board and chair of educational committee. Formulated the Scout oath and law. [a][2]
William D. Murray Lawyer, author and member of the YMCA boys' work committee. Charter member of BSA executive board and chair of editorial board. [a][2]
G. Barrett Rich Charter member of BSA executive board and chair of the national committee on badges, awards, and Scout requirements. [a][2]
James E. West Lawyer, advocate of children's rights, first professional Chief Scout Executive of the BSA [a]
George J. Fisher Physician, leader in the fields of youth development and physical fitness with the YMCA, early proponent of volleyball, deputy Chief Scout Executive and national Scout commissioner [a]

1927[edit]

Recipient Notability References
William Howard Taft United States Solicitor General, United States federal judge, Governor-General of the Philippines, Secretary of War, twenty-seventh President of the United States, the tenth Chief Justice of the United States and first honorary president of the BSA [a]
Hubert S. Martin Director of the International Bureau [a]
William Adams Welch Engineer and environmentalist [a]
Stuart W. French Business executive, organizer of Region 12 [a]
Bolton Smith Banker, director of the Interracial Bureau of the BSA [a]
Walter W. Head Banker and insurance executive who founded the General American Life Insurance Company (MetLife), served as president of the BSA for nearly twenty years [a]
Brother Barnabas McDonald F.S.C Founder of the Columbian Squires of the Knights of Columbus education director of the Catholic Bureau of the BSA and director of the National Catholic Committee on Scouting [a]

1928[edit]

Recipient Notability References
The Unknown Soldier American soldiers who have died without their remains being identified [a]
Charles Lindbergh Pioneering aviator and recipient of the Medal of Honor [a]
Walter von Bonstetten President of the Swiss Federation of Boy Scouts, served on the World Scout Committee, recipient of the Bronze Wolf [a]
Arthur N. Cotton Proponent of the YMCA High-Y Clubs [a]
Clarence H. Howard Industrialist, philanthropist and early benefactor of the Junior Chamber of Commerce [a]
Charles D. Velie Proponent of Scouting for rural youth [a]
William H. Cowles President and publisher of The Spokesman-Review and The Spokane Chronicle, BSA regional chairman [a]

1929[edit]

Recipient Notability References
Calvin Coolidge Lawyer, governor of Massachusetts, twenty-ninth Vice President and thirtieth President of the United States, honorary president of the BSA [a]
Richard Evelyn Byrd Pioneering polar explorer, aviator, Rear Admiral in the United States Navy, recipient of the Medal of Honor and the Congressional Life Saving Medal [a]
Wilbert E. Longfellow Commodore of the U. S. Volunteer Life Saving Corps, early proponent of swimming instruction and of the Schafer method of artificial respiration [a][4]
John H. Finley Educator and founder of the Junior American Red Cross [a]
Howard F. Gillette Banker [a]
Charles D. Hart Physician [a]
Edward, Prince of Wales Scouting enthusiast, Later King of Great Britain [a]

1930[edit]

Recipient Notability References
Herbert Hoover Mining engineer, humanitarian administrator, United States Secretary of Commerce, thirty-first President of the United States, honorary president of the BSA [b]
James Earl Russell Educator [b]
Franklin D. Roosevelt Senator and governor of State of New York, assistant Secretary of the Navy, member of the BSA National Committee, co-founder of Ten Mile River Scout Camp; later thirty-second President of the United States and honorary president of the BSA [b][5]
James Austin Wilder Sailor and artist who expanded the Sea Scouting program, first Chief Sea Scout [b]
Charles L. Sommers Business executive, chairman of Region 10 of the BSA; the Charles L Sommers Canoe Base was later named in his honor [b]
Charles C. Moore Engineer [b]
Lewis Warrington Baldwin Railroad president, regional chairman of the BSA [b]

1931[edit]

Recipient Notability References
Herbert Stuart Pakington, 4th Baron Hampton Chief commissioner of the Boy Scout Association in the UK [b]
Griffith Ogden Ellis Publisher of American Boy Magazine [b]
Lewis Gawtry Banker [b]
George Welch Olmsted Founder of the Long Island Lighting Company, chairman of the BSA National Camping Committee [b]
Victor F. Ridder Newspaper publisher, leader in Catholic Scouting, co-founder of National Catholic Committee on Scouting [b]
Robert P. Sniffen Merchandising consultant, chairman of the BSA Committee on Supply Service [b]
Mell R. Wilkinson Manufacturer, member of the BSA National Executive Board [b]

1932[edit]

Recipient Notability References
Dwight F. Davis Tennis player who founded the Davis Cup, served as Secretary of War and as Governor General of the Philippines [b]
William Edwin Hall Lawyer, president of the Boys Clubs of America [b]
Alfred W. Dater Utilities executive; first chairman of the Sea Scout Committee, namesake of the Alfred W. Dater Council (merged into the Connecticut Yankee Council) [b]
Barron Collier Advertising entrepreneur who became the largest landowner and developer in Florida [b]
Frank A. Bean Business executive and advocate of Rural Scouting [b]
Hermann W. Merkel Landscape architect, forester at the Bronx Zoo, chief forester of the Bronx River Parkway [b]

1933[edit]

Recipient Notability References
Vincent Massey Canadian envoy to the U.S., philanthropist; later Governor General of Canada [b]
Martin H. Carmody Supreme Knight of the Knights of Columbus [b]
John P. Wallace Publisher and advocate of Rural Scouting [b]
Cyrus Adler Educator, Jewish religious leader and scholar, chairman of the Jewish Committee on Scouting [b]
Reginald H. Parsons BSA council president in Seattle, member of the Executive Board of the BSA and philanthropist [b][6]
John A. McGregor Region 11 Scouter [b]

1934[edit]

Recipient Notability References
Newton D. Baker Mayor of Cleveland, Ohio, Secretary of War [b]
Paul P. Harris Lawyer and founder of Rotary International [b]
John M. Phillips Conservationist, recipient of the Silver Wolf [b]
Theodore Roosevelt, Jr. Assistant Secretary of the Navy, governor of Puerto Rico, Governor-General of the Philippines, chairman of the board of American Express Company, and vice-president at Doubleday, later brigadier general in the United States Army and recipient of the Medal of Honor [b]
Charles E. Cotting Philanthropist [b]
Frederic Kernochan Judge [b]
George Albert Smith Apostle in The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and later the eighth president. [b]

1935[edit]

Recipient Notability References
Booth Tarkington Pulitzer Prize–winning novelist and dramatist [b]
Amos Alonzo Stagg Collegiate football coach, later inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame as both a player and a coach [b]
Daniel A. Tobin Banker and co-founder of the Columbian Squires [b]
Fielding H. Yost Lawyer, author, and businessman and renowned football coach, Scout commissioner [b]
Calvin Derrick Penologist and founder of Institutional Scouting [b][7]
R. Tait McKenzie Sculptor, Scouter, scholar-athlete, surgeon, soldier, and physical educator, created the sculpture known as the "Ideal Scout" [b]

1936[edit]

Recipient Notability References
Frederick Russell Burnham American adventurer and Boer War chief of scouts from whom Baden-Powell based some of the activities of the Boy Scouting program; taught scoutcraft to Baden-Powell. [b][2]
Hugh S. Cumming Surgeon General of the United States [b]
Lawrence Locke Doggett First president of Springfield College, member of the YMCA group that first met with Boyce [b][1]
Charles Horace Mayo Medical practitioner and co-founder of the Mayo Clinic [b]
George Edgar Vincent President of the University of Minnesota and the Religious Education Association, adviser to Scouting for health and safety [b]
John Skinner Wilson Chief of Gilwell Park, director of the Boy Scouts International Bureau, later honorary president of the Boy Scouts International Committee and recipient of the Bronze Wolf [b]

1938[edit]

Recipient Notability References
Thomas E. Wilson President of Wilson & Company (Wilson Sporting Goods), promoter and supporter of 4-H [b][8]
William Temple Hornaday Zoologist and conservationist [b]
George A. Allen Presidential representative for the 1937 National Scout Jamboree [b]
Frank Cody Superintendent of the Detroit public schools [b]
Frank G. Hoover Industrialist [b]
Connie Mack Professional baseball player, manager, and team owner. [b]
C. B. Smith Physician and proponent of Rural Scouting [b]
John A. Stiles Canadian Scouter, recipient of the Silver Wolf [b]
William Chalmers Covert Presbyterian minister [b]
Marshall Field Founder of Marshall Field's [b]
Elbert K. Fretwell Academic and early leader in the field of youth development through recreation and extracurricular activity, later the second Chief Scout Executive of the BSA and then Chief Scout [b]
Heber J. Grant Seventh president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints [b]
Francis C. Kelley Bishop of Oklahoma [b]
John Mott Leader of the YMCA and the World Student Christian Federation, founder of the World Council of Churches, later a recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize [b]
Norman Rockwell Iconic artist, art editor for Boys' Life [b]

1940[edit]

Recipient Notability References
Edward Roberts Moore Roman Catholic priest, professor, social worker and author; national director of the Catholic Committee on Scouting [c]
George Washington Truett Minister and international youth leader [c]
Eugene D. Nims President of Southwestern Bell, director of the First National Bank of St. Louis, member of the Executive Board of the BSA, later president of the St. Louis Council [c]

1941[edit]

Recipient Notability References
C. Ward Crampton Scientist, author and physical fitness advocate [c]
Homer Folks Statesman [c]
Edgar Rickard Mining engineer [c]
J. E. H. Stevenot Last president of the BSA Philippine Council, one of the founders and first president of the Boy Scouts of the Philippines [c]
Daniel A. Poling Minister, editor of the Christian Herald, president of Christian Endeavor, father of Clark V. Poling who later died on the USAT Dorchester as one of the Four Chaplains [c][9]

1942[edit]

Recipient Notability References
Frank Orren Lowden Lawyer and Governor of Illinois [c]
Ragnvald A. Nestos Lawyer, Governor of North Dakota, pioneer in Rural Scouting [c]
Frank Phillips Founder of Phillips Petroleum Company [c]
Bernard J. Sheil Auxiliary Bishop of Chicago, founder of Catholic Youth Organization [c]
William Clay Smoot Banker [c]

1943[edit]

Recipient Notability References
J. Edgar Hoover Lawyer and Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation [c]
Harry C. Knight Business executive and philanthropist [c]
John M. Schiff Banker; later national president of the Boy Scouts of America [c]
William L. Smith (doctor) Surgeon and author [c]
Frank W. Wozencraft Businessman, lawyer and former mayor of Dallas, Texas [c]

1944[edit]

Recipient Notability References
Oscar H. Benson Iowa educator and co-founder of 4-H [c]
Charles Evans Hughes Governor of New York, United States Secretary of State, Associate Justice and Chief Justice of the United States [c]
Elbridge W. Palmer Publisher, advocate for youth with special needs [c]
William C. Menninger Neuropsychiatrist, co-founder of the Menninger Foundation and member of the BSA National Sea Scout Committee [c]
Philip L. Reed Business executive and member of the BSA Advisory Council [c]
Eddie Rickenbacker World War I fighter ace and Medal of Honor recipient, race car driver and automotive designer, a government consultant in military matters and a pioneer in air transportation [c]
Arthur Somers-Cocks, 6th Baron Somers Chief Scout of the British Commonwealth and Empire [c]
Thomas J. Watson President of IBM [c]

1945[edit]

Recipient Notability References
Francis W. Hatch Publicist, chairman of the BSA Boys' Life Committee [c]
Amory Houghton United States Ambassador to France, manufacturer and vice president of the BSA,; later president of the BSA [c]
Paul W. Litchfeld American industrialist,president and chairman of the board Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company, developed first Air Scout squadron [c]
Earl C. Sams President of J. C. Penney, chairman of the BSA Business Division Committee; later founded the Gladys Porter Zoo [c]

1946[edit]

Recipient Notability References
John M. Bierer Business executive, chairman of the BSA National Cubbing Committee [c]
William Joseph Campbell Chief Judge of the United States District Court for the Northern District of Illinois, promoter of Scouting for Catholic boys [c]
Walt Disney Film producer, director, screenwriter, voice actor, animator, entrepreneur, and philanthropist [c]
Dwight D. Eisenhower General of the Army and Supreme Commander of Allied Expeditionary Forces in Europe during World War II; later President of the United States and honorary president of the BSA [c]
Raymond F. Low Business executive, Sea Scouting commodore of Region Eight [c]
Wheeler McMillen Journalist; Editor; Advocate for Rural Scouting [c]
Chester W. Nimitz Chief of the Navy's Bureau of Navigation, Commander in Chief of Pacific Forces for the United States and Allied forces during World War II, Chief of Naval Operations [c]
Vilhjalmur Stefansson Canadian Arctic explorer, ethnologist and author [c]
Frank L. Weil Lawyer, cofounder of the USO, founder and chairman of the National Jewish Committee on Scouting, president of the National Jewish Welfare Board [c]

1947[edit]

Recipient Notability References
Bernard Baruch Financier, statesman, and presidential adviser [c]
Manuel Camus Lawyer, senator in the Philippine Senate, Jurist, president of the Y.M.C.A. of the Philippine Islands, chairman in the Philippine Red Cross, Scout commissioner in the BSA Philippine Council, president of the Boy Scouts of the Philippines [c]
Cleveland E. Dodge President of the Near East Foundation, chairman of the board of trustees of Teachers College of Columbia University, chairman of the International Board of the YMCA [c]
Perrin C. Galpin educator and child-health advocate, Secretary of the American Relief Administration and of the Commission for Relief in Belgium relief missions after World War I, director of the Commission for Polish Relief during World War II [c]
William H. Pouch Industrialist and civic leader [c]
Paul Allman Siple Antarctic explorer and geographer, author, Eagle Scout [c][10]
Francis Spellman Archbishop of New York [c]
R. Douglas Stuart Manufacturer; later United States Ambassador to Canada [c]

1948[edit]

Recipient Notability References
Irving Berlin Composer and lyricist, composer of God Bless America [c]
Belmore Browne Artist, writer, explorer, hunter, and mountain climber [c][11]
Cherry Logan Emerson Chemical and materials engineer and educator [c]
Reuhen Brooks Hale Merchant and civic leader [c]
Robert F. Payne Educator and author [c]
Thomas Corbett, 2nd Baron Rowallan Chief Scout of the British Commonwealth and Empire [c]
Wade Warren Thayer Attorney and author, Scout commissioner in Hawaii [c]

1949[edit]

Recipient Notability References
David W. Armstrong Executive Director, Boys Clubs of America [c]
Sheldon Clark Business Executive; National Sea Scout Commodore [c]
Richard J. Cushing Archbishop of Boston; Lecturer; Author; Civic Leader; Head of All Youth Work of Catholic Church in USA [c]
W. V. M. Fawcett Business Executive; Civic Leader; Scouter [c]
Charles R. Hook Industrialist; Advocate of Junior Achievement; Scouter [c]
Luther A. Weigle Educator; Dean; Bible Scholar; Pioneer Scouter [c]

1950[edit]

Recipient Notability References
Harry Messiter Addinsell Financier; Churchman; Treasurer, Boy Scouts of America [d]
Kenneth K. Bechtel Business Executive; Vice-President, Boy Scouts of America [d]
Charles Kettering Engineer; Manufacturer; Philanthropist; Innovator [d]
Irving Langmuir Nobel Prize Scientist; Pioneer Scouter [d]
Byrnes MacDonald Business Executive; Worker for Underprivileged Youth [d]
Owen Josephus Roberts Jurist; Public Servant; Longtime Scouter [d]
Arthur A. Schuck Chief Scout Executive, Boy Scouts of America [d]
Lowell Thomas Explorer; Author; News Commentator; Scouter [d]
Harry S. Truman Thirty-third President, United States of America [d]
Milburn Lincoln Wilson National Director, 4-H Clubs; Scouter [d]

1951[edit]

Recipient Notability References
Ralph Bunche Educator; Nobel Peace Prize Winner; Scouter [d]
James Lippitt Clark Explorer; Author; Sculptor; Conservationist; Scouter [d]
Edgar Guest Writer; Poet; Boys' Club Official; Friend to Youth [d]
Raymond W. Miller Publicist; Scouter; Advocate of Rural Scouting [d]
D. C. Spry Chief Executive Commissioner, Canadian General Council of the Boy Scouts Association [d]
James H. Douglas, Jr. Attorney; Public Servant; Longtime Scouter [d]
Henry Smith Richardson Manufacturing Chemist; Longtime Scouter [d]
Jack P. Whitaker Manufacturer; Scouter; President, American Humanics Foundation [d]

1952[edit]

Recipient Notability References
Julius Ochs Adler Journalist; Patriot; Veteran Scouter [d]
Roy Chapman Andrews Explorer; Zoologist; Museum Director; Author [d]
Frank Boyden Acclaimed headmaster of Deerfield Academy [d][12]
Harmar D. Denny, Jr. Attorney; Congressman; Longtime Scouter [d]
Gale F. Johnston Banker; Civic Leader; Philanthropist; Scouter [d]
Carlos P. Romulo Author; Soldier; Diplomat; Cofounder, Boy Scouts of the Philippines [d]
Louis John Taber Farmer; Granger; Exponent of Rural Scouting; Scouter [d]

1953[edit]

Recipient Notability References
Alton Fletcher Baker Journalist; Publisher; Civic Leader; Scouter [d]
Henry B. Grandin Business Executive; Scouter; Host to Third National Jamboree [d]
Ross L. Leffler Business Executive; Civic Leader; Veteran Scouter [d]
Charles Francis McCahill Newspaper Executive; Philanthropist; Scouter [d]
David O. McKay President, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints [d]

1954[edit]

Recipient Notability References
William H. Albers Business Executive; Philanthropist; Scouter [d]
Ellsworth H. Augustus Banker; Civic Leader; Scouter [d]
Ezra Taft Benson Secretary of Agriculture; Church Leader; Scouter [d]
Philip David Bookstaber Rabbi; Scholar; Exponent of Scouting for Jewish Boys [d]
Norton Clapp Business Executive; Civic Leader; Donated Mount Baldy to Philmont [d]
J. M. T. Finney, Jr. Surgeon; Churchman; Civic Leader; Veteran Scouter [d]
Richard Oliver Gerow Bishop of Natchez, Miss.; Longtime Scouter [d]
E. Urner Goodman Church Executive; Pioneer Scouter; Founder, Order of the Arrow [d]
George Lloyd Murphy Producer; Actor; Publicist; Scouter [d]
Nathan Marvin Ohrbach Business Executive; Philanthropist; Scouter [d]
Dewitt Wallace Magazine Founder; Editor; Publisher; Philanthropist [d]

1955[edit]

Recipient Notability References
Charles Dana Bennett Author; Rural Consultant; Publicist; Scouter [d]
Rex Ivan Brown Utility Executive; Civic Leader; Veteran Scouter [d]
William Durant Campbell Naturalist; World Traveler; Eagle Scout; Scouter [d]
Francis John Chesterman Utilities Executive; Civic Leader; Scouter [d]
Leonard Kimball Firestone Industrialist; Churchman; Civic Leader; Scouter [d]
Charles William Froessel Jurist; Churchman; Civic Leader; Scouter [d]
Robert Tyre Jones, Jr. Attorney; Business Executive; Sportsman; Champion Athlete [d]
Lewis Edward Phillips Manufacturer; Philanthropist; Scouter [d]
Frank Chambless Rand, Jr. Business Executive; Publisher; Civic Leader; Scouter [d]
Thomas J. Watson, Jr. Business Executive; Civic Leader; Philanthropist; Scouter [d]

1956[edit]

Recipient Notability References
Ivan Allen, Jr. Executive; Banker; Engineer; Civic Leader; Scouter [d]
Gerald F. Beal Banker; Financier; Cultural and Civic Leader; Scouter [d]
Daniel W. Bell Banker; Public Servant; Community Leader; Scouter [d]
Hugh Moss Comer Textile Manufacturer; Philanthropist; Scouter [d]
Walter F. Dillingham Executive; Builder; Philanthropist; Statesman; Scouter [d]
Whitney Haskins Eastman Business Executive; Engineer; Scientist; Scouter [d]
William Harrison Fetridge Editor; Publisher; Executive; Community Leader; Scouter [d]
William Jansen Educator; Author; Churchman; Administrator; Scouter [d]
Guy Lee Noble National 4-H Club Executive; Humanitarian [d]
Harry Lloyd Schaeffer Railroad Executive; Scouter [d]
Henry F. Schricker Statesman; Banker; Editor; Pioneer Scouter [d]
Harold Stassen Educator; Humanitarian; Statesman; Author; Scouter [d]
Edwin Joel Thomas Industrialist; Civic Leader; Humanitarian; Scouter [d]

1957[edit]

Recipient Notability References
Harold Roe Bartle Attorney; Civic Leader; Humanitarian; Scouter [d]
Brooks Hays Congressman; Lawyer; Humanitarian; Scouter [d]
Walter David Heller Business Executive; Civic Leader; Philanthropist; Scouter [d]
Henry Cabot Lodge Journalist; National and International Statesman [d]
Abram L. Sachar Educator; Author; Historian; University President [d]
Herman Lee Turner Clergyman; Humanitarian; Civic Leader; Scouter [d]
Kenneth Dale Wells Economist; Educator; President, Freedoms Foundation at Valley Forge [d]

1958[edit]

Recipient Notability References
Robert Bernard Anderson Secretary of the Treasury; Lawyer; Educator; Scouter [d]
John Hopkinson Baker Conservation Executive; Governmental Adviser [d]
Hubert Hardison Coffield Industrialist; Rancher; Churchman; Humanitarian; Scouter [d]
Nathan Dauby Business Executive; Civic Leader; Philanthropist; Scouter [d]
Jackson Dodds Banker; Scouter; Recipient of Silver Wolf and Bronze Wolf [d]
John Randolph Donnell Business Executive; Civic Leader; Scouter [d]
Robert Newcomb Gibson Business Executive; Lumberman; Scouter [d]
Frank Brittain Kennedy Investment Dealer; Churchman; Executive; Scouter [d]
Edward Leroy Kohnle Business Executive; Churchman; Cultural Leader Scouter [d]
Sol George Levy Import-Export Business Executive; Community Leader; Scouter [d]
John Norton Lord Business Executive; Community Leader; Scouter [d]
James Stewart Actor; Combat Aviator; Scouter [d]

1959[edit]

Recipient Notability References
Milo William Bekins Business Executive; Community Leader; Scouter [d]
George Michael Dowd Clergyman; Domestic Prelate; Youth Leader; Scout Chaplain [d]
Irving J. Feist Business Executive; Community Leader; Scouter [d]
Roger Stanley Firestone Manufacturing Executive; Humanitarian; Scouter [d]
Bob Hope Cinema, Radio, and Television Comedian; Humanitarian [d]
Jeffrey Louis Lazarus Business Executive; Community Leader; Scouter [d]
Walter Lee Lingle, Jr. Business Executive; Community Leader; Scouter [d]
George Magar Mardikian Restaurateur; Author; Philanthropist; Scouter [d]
Pliny Hunnicut Powers Educator; Deputy Chief Scout Executive, Boy Scouts of America [d]
Charles Dudley Pratt Attorney; Civic Leader; Pioneer Scouter [d]
Joseph Frederic Wiese Industrial Executive; Community Leader; Veteran Scouter [d]

1960[edit]

Recipient Notability References
Joe C. Carrington Insurance Executive; Rancher; Churchman; Youth Worker; Scouter [e]
Thomas C. Clark Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court; Humanitarian; Veteran Scouter [e]
James Thomas Griffin Business Executive; Humanitarian; Churchman; Scouter [e]
Alfred Gruenther President, American National Red Cross; Supreme Allied Commander in Europe 195356; Scouter [e]
Roy Edward Larson Publishing Executive; Civic Leader; Humanitarian [e]
Robert John Lloyd Business Executive; Community Leader; Scouter [e]
Alexander White Moffat Business Executive; Yachtsman; Author; Scouter [e]
Clifford A. Randall Lawyer Executive; Humanitarian; Past President, Rotary International [e]
Norman Salit Rabbi; Attorney; Humanitarian; Veteran Scouter [e]

1961[edit]

Recipient Notability References
Wyeth Allen Educator; Community Leader; Longtime Scouter [e]
Carl Otto Janus Business Executive; Civic Leader; Veteran Scouter [e]
Richard E. McArdle Educator; Public Servant; Conservationist; Scouter [e]
Charles B. McCabe, Jr. Publisher; Broadcasting Executive; Veteran Scouter [e]
Lauris Norstad Supreme Allied Commander, Europe (SHAPE); Promulgator of Scouting [e]
William T. Spanton Cofounder, Future Farmers of America; Scouter [e]
Delbert L. Stapley Business Executive; Church Leader; Veteran Scouter [e]
Charles M. White Industrialist; Civic Leader; Youth Worker; Scouter [e]
Robert E. Wood Retired Army General; Business Executive; Philanthropist; Veteran Scouter [e]

1962[edit]

Recipient Notability References
Bruce C. Clarke Commander-in-Chief, United States Army, Europe; Veteran Scouter [e]
Zenon Clayton Raymond Hansen Business Executive; Civic Leader; Eagle Scout; Scouter [e]
Carl Hayden Member, United States Senate; Veteran Scouter [e]
Wayne Andrew Johnston Railroad Executive; Humanitarian; Longtime Scouter [e]
Thomas J. Keane Naval Officer in Two World Wars; Veteran Scouter [e]
John Cook Parish Business Executive; Civic Leader; Scouter [e]
John Thurman Camp Chief of Gilwell Park; Recipient of Silver Wolf and Bronze Wolf [e]
Carl Vinson Member, United States House of Representatives; Friend of Scouting [e]
Clarence E. Williams Physician; Surgeon; Jamboree Medical Officer; Scouter [e]

1963[edit]

Recipient Notability References
Erwin Dain Canham Editor; Author; Broadcasting Commentator; Humanitarian [e]
L. Osmond Crosby Industrialist; Community Leader; Scouter [e]
Herold C. Hunt Educator; Author; Consultant; Scouter [e]
Walter H. Judd (missionary) Statesman; Missionary; Civic Leader; Veteran Scouter [e]
John T. Kimball Utilities Executive; Civic Leader; Scouter [e]
Harold B. Lee Business Executive; Educator; Church Official; Scouter [e]
Douglas MacArthur Corporation Chairman; General of the Army; Recipient of Medal of Honor [e]
Jack C. Vowell Business Executive; Engineer; Civic Leader; Veteran Scouter [e]
Frederick M. Warburg Banker; Philanthropist; Worker for Youth; Scouter [e]

1964[edit]

Recipient Notability References
A. Frank Bray Jurist; Civic Leader; Friend to Youth; Scouter [e]
Albert L. Cole Publisher; President, Boys' Clubs of America; Philanthropist [e]
Lyndon B. Johnson Thirty-sixth President, United States of America [e]
Ralph W. McCreary Industrialist; Civic Leader; Veteran Scouter [e]
Robert Moses Public Servant; Builder; Friend to Youth; Scouter [e]
Ephraim Laurence Palmer Educator; Author; Conservationist; Veteran Scouter [e]
Thomas F. Patton International Industrialist; Civic Leader; Scouter [e]
Gilbert R. Pirrung Agriculturist; Churchman; World Scouter [e]
Howard Tellepsen Business Leader; Churchman; Scouter [e]

1965[edit]

Recipient Notability References
Irving Ben Cooper Jurist; Humanitarian; Friend to Youth [e]
Austin T. Cushman Merchandising Executive; Community Leader; Scouter [e]
Harry J. Delaney Business Leader; Churchman; Scouter [e]
Royal Firman, Jr. Business, Cultural, Community, and Church Leader; Scouter [e]
John Glenn Colonel, United States Marine Corps (Ret.); Astronaut; Scouter [e]
Harry J. Johnson Physician; Educator; Administrator; Scouter [e]
Harry G. McGavran Surgeon; Community Leader; Humanitarian; Scouter [e]
David Sarnoff Industrialist; Communications Expert; Veteran Scouter [e]
Jo. S. Stong Community Leader; Scouting Enthusiast [e]
Gustavo J. Vollmer Engineer; Venezuelan and World Scouter [e]

1966[edit]

Recipient Notability References
Richard W. Darrow Publicist; Civic Leader; Eagle Scout; Scouter [e]
John Henry Fischer Educator; Civic Leader; Eagle Scout; Scouter [e]
Charles Zachary Hardwick Business Executive; Humanitarian; Scouter [e]
Lewis Blaine Hershey Lieutenant General, United States Army; Director, Selective Service; Scouter [e]
Basil O'Connor Lawyer; Public Servant; Humanitarian; Friend to Youth [e]
Philip Henry Powers Engineer; Educator; Pioneer Scouter [e]

1967[edit]

Recipient Notability References
Paul G. Benedum Business Executive; Community Leader; Scouter [e]
Sterling B. Doughty Financial and Management Consultant; World Scouter [e]
Harold Keith Johnson Chief of Staff, United States Army; Educator; Scouter [e]
Otto Kerner, Jr. Governor of the State of Illinois; Scouter [e]
Biggie Munn Athletic Director; Coach; Friend of Youth; Scouter [e]
Crawford Rainwater Business Executive; Community Leader; Scouter [e]
Vittz-James Ramsdell Business Executive; Community Leader; Scouter [e]
Howard A. Rusk Physician; Educator; Innovator; Humanitarian [e]
Dwight J. Thomson Business Leader; Veteran Scouter; World Scouter [e]
William Westmoreland Commander, U.S. Military Assistance Command, Vietnam; CG, U.S. Army, Vietnam; Eagle Scout; Scouter [e]

1968[edit]

Recipient Notability References
John Cody Archbishop of Chicago; Recipient of the Silver Beaver; Energetic Scouter [e]
John G. Detwiler Industrialist; Churchman; Recipient of the Silver Beaver and Silver Antelope; National Executive Board Member [e]
Robert T. Gray Physician; Eagle Scout; Medical Officer at Many National and World Jamborees [e]
Arthur Z. Hirsch Veteran Scouter; Recipient of the Silver Beaver and Silver Antelope [e]
John F. Lott Rancher; World Scouter; Recipient of the Silver Beaver and Silver Antelope [e]
William L. Schloss Banker; Community Leader; Recipient of the Silver Beaver [e]
James E. Webb Lawyer; Businessman; Diplomat; Educator; Administrator, National Aeronautics and Space Administration [e]

1969[edit]

Recipient Notability References
John M. Budd Executive; Champion of Youth; Dedicated Scouter [e]
Arleigh Burke Military Leader; Patriot; Distinguished Scouter [e]
James F. Burshears Imaginative Scouter [e]
Scott Carpenter Aquanaut; Astronaut; Friend of Scouting [e]
Vince Lombardi Professional Football Coach; Friend of Youth [e]
John W. H. Miner Manufacturer; Community Leader; World Scouter [e]
James E. Patrick Banker; Community Leader; Devoted Scouter [e]
Robert W. Reneker Executive; Humanitarian; Devoted Scouter [e]
John W. Starr Executive; Faithful Scouter [e]
Nathan Eldon Tanner Churchman; Executive; Veteran Scouter [e]

1970[edit]

Recipient Notability References
Neil Armstrong Astronaut; First Man to Walk on the Moon [f]
Francisco Bueso Puerto Rico Chamber of Commerce Director; Champion of Scouting [f]
Antonio C. Delgado Philippines Business Executive; World Scouter [f]
Laurence C. Jones Educator; Author; Servant of Youth [f]
Aryeh Lev Rabbi; Chaplain; Dedicated Scouter [f]
Leo Perlis Organized Labor Official; Humanitarian; Friend of Scouting [f]
Bryan S. Reid, Jr. Investment Banker; Community Leader; Devoted Scouter [f]
William H. Spurgeon III Children's Hospital Executive; Father of Special-Interest Exploring [f]

1971[edit]

Recipient Notability References
William G. Connare Bishop; Scouter; and Champion of Scouting [f]
Elbert R. Curtis Executive; Community and Church Leader; Veteran Scouter [f]
Thomas Stephens Haggai Gifted Public Speaker; Ordained Minister; Patriot; Scouter [f]
August F. Hook Business Executive; Community Leader; Dedicated Scouter [f]
William R. Jackson Executive; Devoted Scouter; Friend of Youth [f]
Fred C. Mills Outstanding Scouter; Retired Director, Health and Safety Service, Boy Scouts of America [f]
Arch Monson, Jr. Patron of the Arts; Humanitarian; Executive [f]
Richard Nixon Thirty-seventh President, United States of America [f]
Leon Sullivan Humanitarian; Peoples' Champion [f]

1972[edit]

Recipient Notability References
Louis R. Bruce, Jr. U.S. Commissioner of Indian Affairs; Champion of Scouting [f]
Harvey C. Christe Aircraft Company Executive; Civic Leader; Devoted Scouter [f]
Louis G. Feil Consulting Engineer; Promoter of Camping and Order of the Arrow [f]
Edwin H. Got Corporate Executive; Community Leader; Vigorous Promoter of Exploring [f]
Donald P. Hammond Business Executive; Civic Leader; Scouting Enthusiast [f]
Albert M. Jongeneel Retired Rancher; Dedicated Scouter [f]
Arthur L. Jung, Jr. Business Executive; Servant of Youth; International Scouter [f]
Prime F. Osborn III Company President; Friend of Youth; Advocate of Scouting [f]
George W. Pirtle Consulting Geologist and Independent Oil Producer; Philanthropist; Benefactor of Scouting [f]
Penn W. Zeigler Business Executive; Humanitarian; Veteran Scouter [f]

1973[edit]

Recipient Notability References
Ernie Banks Baseball Great; Inspiration for Boys; Faithful Scouter [f]
Joseph A. Brunton, Jr. Servant of Youth; Former Chief Scout Executive [f]
Victor T. Ehre Company President; Community Leader; Dedicated Scouter [f]
Donald H. Flanders Company Founder and President; Distinguished Scouter [f]
E. K. Jamison Company President; Devoted Scouter [f]
Max I. Silber Company President; Loyal Scouter; Benefactor of Students [f]
Osborne K. Taylor Retired Corporate Executive; Veteran Scoutmaster; Champion of Scouting [f]
J. Kimball Whitney Company President; Friend of Youth; Veteran Scouter [f]

1974[edit]

Recipient Notability References
Stephen A. Derby Retired Banker; Civic Leader; Faithful Scouter [f]
James E. Johnson (U.S. Navy) Corporate Board Chairman; Former Assistant Secretary of the Navy; Distinguished Scouter [f]
Allen W. Mathis, Jr. Company Board Chairman; Civic Leader; Dedicated Scouter [f]
James R. Neidhoefer Company President; Distinguished Scouter; Veteran Scoutmaster [f]
Melvin B. Neisner Company President; Community Leader; Devoted Scouter [f]
William H. Quasha Attorney; International Scouter; Scoutmaster [f]
John K. Sloan Attorney; Advocate of Youth; Loyal Scouter [f]
Herman Stern Merchant; Humanitarian; Veteran Scouter [f]
Leif J. Sverdrup Industrialist; Engineer; Zealous Scouter [f]
Wallace E. Wilson Corporate Vice-President; Friend of Youth; Dedicated Scouter [f]

1975[edit]

Recipient Notability References
Gerald Ford Thirty-eighth President, United States of America; Symbol of Integrity; Example for Youth; Eagle Scout [f]

1976[edit]

Recipient Notability References
John T. Acree, Jr. Company Board Chairman; Civic Leader; Dedicated Scouter [f]
Perry R. Bass Corporate Chairman and President; Community Benefactor; Distinguished Scouter [f]
Milton Caniff Cartoonist; Humanitarian; Friend of Scouting [f]
Arthur H. Cromb Company President; Inspirational Scouter; University Alumni Leader [f]
Thomas F. Hawkins University Vice-President; Scouter Extraordinaire [f]
Elizabeth G. Knight Philanthropist; Benefactor of Scouting [f]
Joseph W. Marshall Retired Physician and Surgeon; Churchman; Faithful Scouter [f]
Louis W. Menk Company Board Chairman; Transportation Industry Leader; Loyal Scouter [f]
Max S. Norris Physician; Businessman; Devoted Scouter [f]
LaVern Watts Parmley 5th general president of the Primary of the LDS Church; Benefactor of Children; Cub Scouting Advocate; first female recipient [f]
Simon Rositzky Company President; Conservationist; American Humanics Chairman [f]
Lester R. Steig Educator; Author; Proponent of Scouting [f]

1978[edit]

Recipient Notability References
L. Jadwin Asfeld Company President; Red Cross Leader; Distinguished Scouter [f]
Jimmy Carter Thirty-ninth President, United States of America; Defender of Human Rights; Friend of Youth [f]
Alec Chesser Corporate Leader; Man of Stature; Devoted Scouter [f]
Dorothy Feist Humanitarian; Philanthropist; Scouting 'First Lady' [f]
Roy W. Jordan Civil Leader; Good Citizen; Scouting Stalwart [f]
Richard W. Kiefer Attorney; Versatile Scouter; Churchman [f]
Katsumi Kometani Dentist; Dedicated Scouter; Advocate of Youth [f]
Thomas S. Monson Church Leader; Noted Speaker; Scouter [f]
John D. Murchison Partner, Murchison Brothers; Civic Leader; Scouting Proponent [f]
John D. Schapiro International Sportsman; Businessman; Faithful Scouter [f]
Forrest N. Shumway Corporate Executive; Friend of Youth; Veteran Scouter [f]
Bland W. Worley Corporate Executive; Civic Servant; Great Scouter [f]

1980[edit]

Recipient Notability References
Charles T. Clayton Executive; Civic Leader; Dedicated Scouter [g]
William P. Clements, Jr. Governor of Texas; Executive; Distinguished Scouter [g]
Frank William Gay Business Executive; Churchman; Devoted Scouter [g]
Thomas F. Gilbane Builder; Business Leader; Decicated Scouter [g]
Milton H. Gray Lawyer; Civic Leader; Veteran Scouter [g]
William "Green Bar Bill" Hillcourt Green Bar Bill, the Voice of Scouting [g]
Downing B. Jenks Corporate Executive; Railroader; BSA President [g]
Reuben R. Jensen Corporate Executive; Distinguished Scouter [g]
Sonia S. Maguire Humanitarian; Benefactor of Scouting [g]
J. Willard Marriott Corporation Founder; Churchman; Benefactor of Scouting [g]
Archibald McClure Executive; Community Servant; Loyal Scouter [g]
Henry J. Nave Corporate Executive; Sportsman; Faithful Scouter [g]
Gene H. Sternberg Sr. Executive; Civic Leader; Loyal Scouter [g]
Harry D. Thorsen, Jr. Scouts on Stamps Society International; Executive [g]

1981[edit]

Recipient Notability References
Arthur G. Linkletter TV and radio personality [g]

1982[edit]

Recipient Notability References
Rodney H. Brady Educator; Business Executive; Devoted Scouter [g]
Robert W. Briggs Physician; Community Leader; Dedicated Scouter [g]
Hugh C. Clayton Architect; Engineer; Civic Leader; Veteran Scouter [g]
Francis A. Coy Business Executive; Community Leader; Distinguished Scouter [g]
Robert H. Gaynor Businessman; Civic Leader; Devoted Scouter [g]
Albert V. Hartl Business Executive; Distinguished and Veteran Scouter [g]
Peter W. Hummel Geologist; Supporter of Higher Education; Loyal Scouter [g]
Robert J. LaFortune Independent Oil Operator; Civic Leader; Dedicated Scouter [g]
Thomas C. MacAvoy Business Executive; Community Servant; Devoted Scouter [g]
Ann W. Nally Community Servant; Parent; Dedicated Scouter [g]
George M. Pardee, Jr. Builder; Humanitarian; Veteran Scouter [g]
Ronald Reagan Fortieth President, United States of America; Former Governor; Friend to Youth [g]
V. J. Skutt Corporate Executive; Lawyer; Distinguished Scouter [g]
John B. Young Bank General Manager; Civic Leader; International Scouter [g]

1984[edit]

Recipient Notability References
Hank Aaron Baseball Star; Humanitarian; Friend of Scouting [g]
Monsignor Louis P. Barcelo Clergyman; Educator; Dedicated Scouter [g]
John M. Belk Businessman; Civic Leader; Veteran Scouter [g]
Robert W. Dievendorf Friend of Youth With Special Needs; Devoted Scouter [g]
(Kelly) Kerry Mike Holt Sr Friend to Special Olympics Youths; Conservationist, Dedicated Scoutmaster [g]
Edward C. Joullian III Engineer; Civic Leader; Distinguished Scouter [g]
Spencer W. Kimball Church Leader; Teacher; Lifelong Friend of Scouting [g]
D. Loring Marlett Public Servant; Mining, Real Estate, and Oil Executive; Humanitarian [g]
Sanford N. McDonnell Aerospace Leader; Community Servant; Devoted Scouter [g]
Charles A. Rahmberg Insurance Executive; Dedicated and Distinguished Scouter [g]
Ben Reifel American Indian Leader; Public Servant; Devoted Scouter [g]
Thomas L. Tatham Attorney; Civic Leader; Outstanding Scouter [g]
Rolland M. Wilkening Engineer; Community Servant; Dedicated Scouter [g]

1986[edit]

Recipient Notability References
Robert L. Backman Church Leader; Attorney; Distinguished Scouter [g]
Harry E. Bovay, Jr. Retired Chief Executive Officer; Professional Engineer; Faithful Scouter [g]
J. R. Davidsmeyer Corporate Executive; Civic Leader; Dynamic Advocate of Exploring [g]
Burl Ives Ballad Singer and Collector of Songs; Actor; Friend of Scouting [g]
Ted L. Johnson Company President; Community Leader; Loyal Scouter [g]
William P. McCahill Retired Marine Officer and Historian; Advocate for People With Special Needs [g]
Charles J. Merlin Founder of the Elbeetian Legion of Lone Scout Alumni; Editor and Publisher of Elbeetee [g]
Thomas L. Parker Retired Business Executive; Dedicated Scouter [g]
Roger Tory Peterson Ornithologist; Artist; Naturalist [g]
Charles M. Pigott Company President; Civic Leader; Distinguished Scouter [g]
Betty F. Pilsbury National Girl Scout President; Civic Leader; Advocate for Youth [g]
Eddie G. Robinson Football Coach; Educator; Inspiration for Youth [g]

1988[edit]

Recipient Notability References
William Aramony President of United Way of America; Humanitarian; Human-Service Leader [g]
Warren E. Burger 15th Chief Justice of the United States; Teacher; Distinguished Jurist [g]
Daniel W. Derbes Corporate Executive; Distinguished Eagle Scout; Loyal Scouter [g]
Vaughn J. Featherstone Church Leader; Advocate for Youth; Dedicated Scouter [g]
James F. Gary International Energy Adviser; Community Leader; Faithful Scouter [g]
John McCullough Gibson Civic Leader; Farmer; Dedicated Scouter [g]
Earl G. Graves Corporate Head; Business Leader; Distinguished Scouter [g]
Marion D. Hanks Church Leader; Advocate for Youth; Loyal Scouter [g]
Robert F. Harbrant Labor Leader; Civic Leader; Distinguished Scouter [g]
Ben M. Hauserman Retired Business Executive; Community Leader; Faithful Scouter [g]
Roy W. Hawkinson Company President; Outdoorsman; Dedicated Scouter [g]
Reuben Hitchcock Retired Business Executive; Horseman; Devoted Scouter [g]
Andrew Gerow Hodges Retired Insurance Executive; Civic Leader; Dedicated Scouter [g]
William Charles McCord Corporate Executive; Community Leader; Loyal Scouter [g]
Henry B. Murphy Company President; Civic Leader; Distinguished Scouter [g]
Norman Vincent Peale Distinguished Author; Popular Speaker; Inspiration for Youth [g]
Nancy Reagan First Lady; Civic Leader; Crusader for Youth and Against Drugs [g]
Eugene F. "Bud" Reid Company President; Petroleum Geologist; Loyal Scouter [g]
Jack B. Riffle Insurance Executive; Civic Leader; Loyal Scouter [g]
Charles M. Schulz Cartoonist; Creative Artist; Friend of Youth [g]
Marshall M. Sloane Bank President; Community Servant; Dedicated Scouter [g]
John W. Thomas, Jr. Company President; Civic Leader; Faithful Scouter [g]

1990[edit]

Recipient Notability References
Marian Anderson Contralto; Concert Artist; Friend of Youth [h]
Margot Bogert College Administrator; Community Leader; Distinguished Scouter [h]
Houston A. Brice, Jr. Builder; Civic Leader; Dedicated Scouter [h]
George H. W. Bush Forty-first President of the United States; Businessman; Senior Public Official [h]
Albert E. Cahill Aquatics Safety Instructor; Writer; Devoted Scouter [h]
Murray L. Cole Attorney; Community Servant; Loyal Scouter [h]
Lester E. Coleman Corporate Executive; Chemist; Devoted Scouter [h]
John R. Donnell, Jr. Independent Investor; Arts Supporter; Faithful Scouter [h]
William B. Elliott Human Resources Director; Community Servant; Dedicated Scouter [h]
Hugh Lawson Hembree III Executive; Community Servant; Devoted Scouter [h]
Harold S. Hook Corporate Executive; Civic Leader; Distinguished Scouter [h]
Glendon E. Johnson Corporate Executive; Church Leader; Dedicated Scouter [h]
Isidore J. Lamothe, Jr. Physician and Surgeon; Community Leader; Devoted Scouter [h]
Richard H. Leet Oil Company Executive; Community Servant; Loyal Scouter [h]
Carl M. Marchetti Obstetrician/Gynecologist; Community Servant; Faithful Scouter [h]
William E. Slesnick Mathematician; Educator; Distinguished Scouter [h]
C. Travis Traylor, Jr. Private Investor; Civic Leader; Committed Scouter [h]
William H. Webster CIA Director; Lawyer; Distinguished Public Servant [h]
Alfred H. Wehr Consultant; Community Leader; Dedicated Scouter [h]
John Wooden Former Head Basketball Coach, UCLA; Teacher; Friend of Youth [h]
Dwan Jacobsen Young 6th general president of the Primary of the LDS Church; Benefactor of Children; Civic Leader; Loyal Scouter [h]

1992[edit]

Recipient Notability References
William L. Adams Geologist; Oil Company Executive; Distinguished Scouter [h]
John L. Clendenin Telecommunications Executive; Civic Leader; Loyal Scouter [h]
Glenn A. Cox Retired Executive; Education Regent; Dedicated Scouter [h]
Kenneth P. Davis Logistician; Army Reservist; Devoted Scouter [h]
Jacques E. Dubois Businessman; Civic Leader; Outstanding Scouter [h]
Marian Wright Edelman Children's Advocate; Civil Rights Leader; Friend of Youth [h]
James A. Hackney III Professional Engineer; Executive; Dedicated Scouter [h]
Paul R. Hafer Automotive Engineer; Inventor; Loyal Scouter [h]
Richard C. Halpern Construction Executive; Civil Engineer; Distinguished Scouter [h]
Vivian Harris (civic) Advocate for People With Special Needs; Civic Leader; Dynamic Scouter [h]
William A. Hiller Farm Cooperative Executive; Community Servant; Able Scouter [h]
Jim Lovell Astronaut; Communications Executive; Distinguished Eagle Scout [h]
William H. Niemannv Horticulturist; Community Servant; Dedicated Scouter [h]
Colin Powell Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff; Army Officer; Role Model for Youth [h]
Richard N. Ross Producer; Showman; Dedicated Scouter [h]
Gerald J. Voros Communicator; Civic Worker; Devoted Scouter [h]

1993[edit]

Recipient Notability References
William H. Gray Minister; Legislator; Supporter of Education [h]
George R. Hill III Educator; Researcher; Dedicated Scouter [h]
Lester G. Jones Human Resources Consultant; Executive; Loyal Scouter [h]
R. Dan Matkin Business Executive; Civic Leader; Devoted Scouter [h]
R. Richard Rubottom International Consultant; Diplomat; Dynamic Scouter [h]
G. William Swisher, Jr. Corporate Executive; Civic Leader; Distinguished Scouter [h]

1994[edit]

Recipient Notability References
Thomas T. Anderson, D.C. Doctor of Chiropractic; Civic Leader; Loyal Scouter [h]
Norman Ralph Augustine Aeronautical Engineer; Author; Distinguished Scouter [h]
Richard L. Burdick Civic Leader; Devoted Scouter [h]
Clarence E. Gaines Sr. Educator; Coach; Community Leader [h]
Gordon B. Hinckley LDS Church President; Community Servant; Distinguished Citizen [h]
Richard P. LaRocque Clergyman; Community Volunteer; Dedicated Scouter [h]
J.W. Marriott, Jr. Corporate Executive; Civic Leader; Distinguished Scouter [h]
J. Patrick Ross Business Executive; Civic Leader; Dynamic Scouter [h]
Herbert J. Rowe Association Executive; Community Leader; Loyal Scouter [h]

1995[edit]

Recipient Notability References
Ronald E. Burton Star Athlete; Popular Speaker; Dedicated Scouter; Civic Leader [h]
August Busch III Corporate Executive; Civic Leader; Distinguished Scouter [h]
Anderson W. Chandler Banker; Civic Leader; Loyal Scouter [h]
Robert A. Cunningham Business Executive; Devoted Scouter; Community Leader [h]
Jack H. Goaslind Church Leader; Youth Adviser; Distinguished Scouter [h]
Andrew L. Lewis, Jr. Former United States Secretary of Transportation; Railroad Industry Executive; Public Servant [h]
John S. "Jack" Zink Mechanical Engineer; Inventor; Dynamic Scouter [h]

1996[edit]

Recipient Notability References
Ted Carlsen Company Founder; Community Leader; Dedicated Scouter [h]
John W. Creighton, Jr. Corporate Executive; Civic Leader; Distinguished Scouter [h]
Michael D. Harris Attorney; Church Supporter; Devoted Scouter [h]
Frank H. Heckrodt Retired Executive; Community Servant; Loyal Scouter [h]
Gerard O. Rocque Church Leader; Community Volunteer; Dynamic Scouter [h]
Henry A. Rosenberg, Jr. Petroleum Industry Executive; Civic Leader; Dedicated Scouter [h]
E. W. "Bud" Wendell Music Industry Executive; Community Leader; Loyal Scouter [h]

1997[edit]

Recipient Notability References
Thomas D. Allen Attorney; Jamboree Leader; International Scouter [h]
Bill Clinton Forty-second President of the United States of America; Governor of Arkansas; Attorney; Senior Public Official [h]
John M. Coughlin Insurance Executive; Church Leader; Dedicated Scouter [h]
Siegfred S. Kagawa Business Executive; Civic Leader; Dedicated Scouter [h]
Francis H. Olmstead, Jr. Engineer; Community Leader; Distinguished Scouter [h]
Robert H. Reynolds Attorney; Community Volunteer; Dynamic Scouter [h]
Samuel K. Skinner Former United States Secretary of Transportation; Utilities Executive; Loyal Scouter [h]
Evelyn T. Smith Business Executive; Community Leader; Dedicated Scouter [h]
Marvin L. Smith Petroleum Geologist; Civic Leader; Devoted Scouter [h]

1998[edit]

Recipient Notability References
John C. Cushman III Real Estate Executive; Civic Leader; Devoted Scouter [h]
Allan D. Fisher Health Care Executive; Community Leader; Dynamic Scouter [h]
Vertella S. Gadsden Synagogue Leader; Public Speaker; Devoted Scouter [h]
Herbert T. Olson, Jr. Retired Association Executive; Civic Leader; Devoted Scouter [h]
Edward Allan Pease U.S. Representative; Youth Advocate; Distinguished Scouter [h]
Elliott Waite Phillips Rancher; Philanthropist; Scouting Benefactor [h]
Ronald J. Temple Educator; Administrator; Loyal Scouter [h]
K. Gregory Tucker Retired Attorney; Water Safety Advocate; Dedicated Scouter [h]
Donald R. Watkins Business Executive; Community Volunteer; Distinguished Scouter [h]

1999[edit]

Recipient Notability References
A. Dano Davis Corporate Executive; Civic Leader; Devoted Scouter [h]
Steve Fossett Adventurer; Corporate Executive; Dynamic Scouter; Philmont Ranger [h]
Edward L. Gaylord Corporate Executive; Community Servant; Dedicated Scouter [h]
Carlos R. Hamilton, Jr. Physician; Community Servant; Distinguished Scouter [h]
Loren S. Riggins, Jr. Business Executive; Community Leader; Dedicated Scouter [h]
Roy S. Roberts Corporate Executive; Civic Leader; Loyal Scouter [h]
Janet E. Sharp Retired Educator; Community Servant; Dedicated Scouter [h]

2000[edit]

Recipient Notability References
Charles L. Bowerman Retired Corporate Executive; Former Athlete; Dedicated Scouter [i]
M. Anthony Burns Humanitarian; Corporate Executive; Dynamic Scouter [i]
Robert Gates National Servant (later Secretary of Defense); Author; Distinguished Scouter [i]
Roger R. Hemminghaus Corporate Executive; Civic Leader; Loyal Scouter [i]
Louise Mandrell Entertainer; Author; Devoted Scouter [i]
C. Dudley Pratt, Jr. Business Executive; Community Servant; Dynamic Scouter [i]
Thomas E. Reddin Government Executive; Civic Leader; Devoted Scouter [i]
Frank G. Rubino Physician; Community Volunteer; Dedicated Scouter [i]
Alfred S. Warren Retired Corporate Executive; Community Leader; Enthusiastic Scouter [i]
Togo D. West, Jr. Government Executive; Public Servant; Distinguished Eagle Scout [i]
Edward E. Whitacre, Jr. Corporate Executive; Civic Leader; Devoted Scouter [i]

2001[edit]

Recipient Notability References
William F. "Rick" Cronk Corporate Executive; Church Leader; Energetic Scouter [i]
George F. Francis III Community Servant; Corporate Executive; Dedicated Scouter [i]
Robert T. Herres National Servant; Retired Executive; Distinguished Eagle Scout [i]
W. Walter Menninger Physician; Civic Servant; Distinguished Eagle Scout [i]
The Oak Ridge Boys Musicians; Businessmen; Dynamic Scouters [i]
Elmer E. Rasmuson Philanthropist; Education Enthusiast; Devoted Scouter [i]
Harold L. "Spike" Yoh, Jr. Civic Servant; Retired Corporate Executive; Loyal Scouter [i]
Zig Ziglar Motivational Speaker; Writer; Community Servant [i]

2002[edit]

Recipient Notability References
James H. Bean Attorney; National Servant; Devoted Scouter [i]
Raymond V. Biondo Physician; Educator; Dutiful Scouter [i]
George W. Bush Forty-third President of the United States of America; Governor of Texas; Advocate of Youth [i]
Fred S. Faber, Jr. Engineer; Civic Servant; Energetic Scouter [i]
John Gottschalk Executive; Community Servant; Dedicated Scouter [i]
Lee Greenwood Musician; Humanitarian; Supportive Scouter [i]
Carl E. Stewart U.S. Circuit Judge; Civic Servant; Loyal Scouter [i]
Milton H. Ward Corporate Executive; Arts Enthusiast; Dedicated Scouter [i]
Sue J. Weierman Civic Volunteer; Editor; Dynamic Scouter [i]

2003[edit]

Recipient Notability References
Yogi Berra Professional Athlete; Community Servant; Supportive Scouter [i][13]
Donna Cunningham Community Servant; Dedicated Leader; Dynamic Scouter [i]
Terrence P. Dunn Chief Executive Officer; Community Servant; Enthusiastic Scouter [i]
F. Melvin Hammond LDS General Authority and Religious Leader; Educator; Dutiful Scouter [i]
Lyle R. Knight Executive; Business Leader; Dependable Scouter [i]
Jerrold L. Lockshin Civic Servant; U.S. Army Veteran; Distinguished Scouter [i]
Francis R. McAllister Corporate Executive; Civic Servant; Loyal Scouter [i]
Glen McLaughlin Venture Capitalist; Philanthropist; Loyal Scouter [i]
Jose F. Niño Business Executive; National Servant; Energetic Scouter [i]
H. Ross Perot Philanthropist; Public Servant; Business Executive; Distinguished Eagle Scout [i][5]
George Zambelli Sr. Businessman; Community Volunteer; Faithful Scouter [i]

2004[edit]

Recipient Notability References
George Leighton Allen Sr. Distinguished Physician; U.S. Army Veteran; Influential Scouter [i]
John P. DesBarres Energy Executive; Arts Patron; Visionary Scouter [i]
Joseph L. Harris Religious Leader; Urban Revivalist; Supportive Scouter [i]
Aubrey B. Harwell, Jr. Civic Leader; Legal Scholar; Devoted Scouter [i]
Dennis Hastert Political Leader; Successful Coach; Youth Advocate [i]
Donald Keith Hummel Religious Leader; Dynamic Volunteer; Inspirational Scouter [i]
R. Lawry Hunsaker Foster Parent; Reverent Disciple; International Scouter [i]
Drayton McLane, Jr. Business Leader; Sports Executive; Dedicated Scouter [i]
Jan T. Perkins Volunteer; Attorney; Devoted Scouter [i]
Mary Ann Price Civic Volunteer; Trainer; Tireless Scouter [i]
Robert W. Spanogle War Veteran; Volunteer; Scouting Advocate [i]

2005[edit]

Recipient Notability References
Stephen D. Bechtel, Jr. Distinguished Businessman; Community Benefactor; Student Mentor [i]
Robert A. Bedingfield Adventurous Volunteer; Dedicated Scouter; Business Leader [i]
Donald A. Belcher Business Executive; Dedicated Volunteer; Distinguished Eagle Scout [i]
David Lloyd Briscoe Versatile Volunteer; Tireless Scouter; Dedicated Professor [i]
Harriss A. "Hab" Butler III Lifelong Scouter; Community Activist; Tireless Volunteer [i]
Joseph Csatari Talented Artist; Selfless Volunteer; Inspired Scouter [i]
Gerald A. Gettelfinger Roman Catholic Bishop of Evansville, Indiana [i]
Coleen Kent Menlove Scouting Matriarch; Tireless Volunteer; Enthusiastic Scouter [i]
Richards Miller Knowledgeable Scouter; Youth Coach; Distinguished Dentist [i]
Roger M. Schrimp Distinguished Eagle Scout; Community Leader; Successful Attorney [i]
James W. Shepherd Real Estate Investor; Diverse Volunteer; Energetic Scouter [i]

2006[edit]

Recipient Notability References
W. Todd Bassett Dedicated Church Leader; Tireless Youth Advocate; Devoted Christian [i]
Richard H. Carmona Health Advocate; Distinguished Physician; Decorated Veteran [i]
Douglas H. Dittrick Distinguished Businessman; Dedicated Scouter; Community Benefactor [i]
Bradley Haddock Distinguished Corporate Lawyer; Committed Church Leader; Dedicated Scouter [i]
Peter E. Hyman Tireless Scouting Volunteer; Community Leader; Man of God [i]
Alberto A. Muñoz II Scouting Innovator; Advocate for Youth; Philanthropist [i]
Wayne M. Perry Corporate Leader; Longtime Scouter; Youth Coach [i]
Samuel J. Prisk Lifelong Scouter; Health Professional; Servant Leader [i]
James M. Reddinger Distinguished Businessman; Scouting Leader; Selfless Volunteer [i]
Donald Rumsfeld National Leader; Naval Aviator; Distinguished Eagle Scout; Philmont Ranger [i][14]
R. Ray Wood Committed Scouter; Business Leader; Youth Advocate [i]

2007[edit]

Recipient Notability References
Bray Bruce Barnes Devoted Scouter, Man of God, Distinguished Eagle Scout [i][15]
S. Truett Cathy Business Pioneer, Leading Philanthropist, Man of God [i][15]
Dennis H. Chookaszian Distinguished Eagle Scout, Corporate Leader, Dedicated Volunteer Atlanta, Georgia [i][15]
Charles W. Dahlquist II Church Leader, Longtime Scouter, Committed Professional [i][15]
L. B. Eckelkamp, Jr. Businessman, Community Leader, Dedicated Scouter [i][15]
Archie Manning World-Class Athlete, Devoted Father, Humanitarian [i][15]
Hector A. "Tico" Perez Dedicated Scouter, Community Leader, Distinguished Attorney [i][15]
Mary Anne Rounds Cub Scout Visionary, Prolific Writer, Dedicated Volunteer [i][15]
Joe W. Walkoviak Scouting Visionary, Corporate Leader, Dedicated Volunteer [i][15]
Gary E. Wendlandt Scouting Leader, Financial Executive, Eagle Scout [i][15]
Harold A. Yocum Lifelong Scouter, Eagle Scout, Committed Physician [i][15]

2008[edit]

Recipient Notability References
Walter M. “Buster” Brown III Special-Needs Advocate, Philmont Benefactor, Lifelong Scouter [i][16]
Diane M. Cannon Dedicated Volunteer, Trusted Mentor, Inspirational Trainer [i][16]
Peter P. Casey Corporate Leader, Lifelong Volunteer, Distinguished Eagle Scout [i][16]
Harold C. Friend International Scouter, Dedicated Rotarian, Advocate for Children, Distinguished Eagle Scout [i][16]
T. Michael Goodrich Business Leader, Committed Volunteer, Distinguished Eagle Scout [i][16]
John C. “Jack” Jadel Committed Leader, Education Advocate, Distinguished Eagle Scout [i][16]
Neal Roger Johnson Exploring Advocate, Key Jamboree Leader, Dedicated Public Servant [i][16]
G. Edward Lewis Advocate for Youth, Philanthropist, Community Servant [i][16]
Daniel S. Zaccara Lifelong Scouter, Innovative Trainer, War Veteran [i][16]

2009[edit]

Recipient Notability References
R. Thomas Buffenbarger Worker Advocate, Visionary Leader, Eagle Scout [17][18]
D. Kent Clayburn Mentor, international Scouting advocate [17][18][18]
Randall K. Cline Lifelong Scouter, Visionary Leader, Dedicated Arrowman [17][18]
Larry Cunningham President of Eat-Rite Health Promotion Center; Venturing pioneer; husband of 2003 recipient Donna Cunningham [17][18]
Tommy Dortch Advocate for Children, Author, Good Scout [17][18]
Jeff Gordon NASCAR driver; Cub Scout recruiter, philanthropist [17][18][19]
Ronald K. Migita Dedicated Scouter, Education Advocate, Business Leader [17][18]
Nathan O. Rosenberg Visionary Leader, Gifted Trainer, Lifelong Scouter [17][18]
James S. Turley Chairman and CEO of Ernst & Young [17][18]
Charles T. Walneck President and CEO of Subcon Mfg. Corp. Innovative Leader, Veteran Scoutmaster, Patriotic American [17][18]
Lance B. Wickman General counsel of the LDS Church [17][18]

2010[edit]

Recipient Notability References
Keith A. Clark accomplished leader, distinguished attorney, dedicated Scouter [20]
Ronald O. Coleman gifted communicator, friend of youth, creative collaborator [20]
R. Michael Daniel Attorney, retired colonel United States Marine Corps Reserve, Eagle Scout [20][21]
Jack D. Furst visionary leader, generous philanthropist, Eagle Scout [20]
William L. Garrison Strategic thinker, lifelong volunteer, friend of youth [20]
William H. Gates III Business magnate, philanthropist, author, founder and chairman of Microsoft [20]
Albert S. Lineberry, Sr. lifelong Scouter, tireless volunteer [20]
Douglas B. Mitchell master builder, youth advocate [20]
O. Temple Sloan, Jr. entrepreneur, education advocate [20]
Charles H. "Chuck" Smith Businessman, retired president and CEO of AT&T West; Eagle Scout [20]
Rex Tillerson Engineer, chairman and CEO of Exxon Mobil; President of the BSA as of May 23, 2010 [20]
Steven E. Weekes strategic thinker, successful businessman [20]

2011[edit]

Recipient Notability References
Edward H. Arnold Business Leader, Generous Philanthropist, Friend of Scouting [22]
Stephen L Bown Jamboree Visionary, Creative Thinker, Gifted Leader [22]
Gail and Dale Coyne IndyCar team owners, Friends of Youth, Successful Businesspeople [22]
William Finerty Distinguished Physician, International Scouter, Devoted Leader [22]
Marshall Hollis Experienced Outdoorsman, Leader in Safety, Trusted Businessman [22]
Robert Rownd Skillful Leader, Successful Financial Advisor, Builder of Scouting [22]
Walter Scott, Jr. Distinguished Eagle Scout, Successful Businessman, Generous Philanthropist [22]
Robert F. Sinclair Supporter of Education, Distinguished Eagle Scout, Inventive Leader [22]
W. Scott Sorrels Friend of Commissioners, Venturing Pioneer, Youth Advocate [22]
Mary Stevens Training Innovator, Technology Trailblazer, Strategic Thinker [22]

2012[edit]

Recipient Notability References
Allen David Brown Financial Steward, Tireless Volunteer, Gifted Leader [23]
Paul R. Christen Distinguished Eagle Scout, Generous Philanthropist, Servant Leader [23]
Elaine Smith Francis Cub Scouting Expert, Friend of Youth, Generous Teacher [23]
Robert E. Guglielmone Man of God, Friend of Youth, Innovative Leader [23]
Stephen B. King Sr. Lifelong Scouter, Public Servant, Dedicated Leader [23]
Elmer C. "Neil" Lupton, Ph.D. Distinguished Eagle Scout, Strategic Thinker, Servant Leader [23]
Vice Adm. Justin D. McCarthy Gifted Leader, Dedicated Scouter, Patriot [23]
Ray Louis Russell Wood Badge Expert, Distinguished Eagle Scout, Servant Leader [23]
Russell Hoke Smart Dedicated Scouter, Visionary Leader, Jamboree Expert [23]
Randall L. Stephenson Passionate Leader, Friend of Scouting, Advocate for Youth [23]
Matthew Maynard Walker Distinguished Arrowman, Eagle Scout, Cheerful Servant [23]

2013[edit]

Recipient Notability References
Carlos J. Arboleya A 40 year scouter, has received the Silver Beaver, The Silver Antelope and the St. George Award of the Catholic Church in South Florida. [24]
Jean Arnold [24]
George N. Boulukos Chairman, Eastern Orthodox Committee on Scouting ,[24][25]
Jack S. Butler II [24]
Raymond Capp Chairman of the national Order of the Arrow committee [24]
Ralph de la Vega [24]
Russ Hunsaker [24]
William Keeler Distinguished Eagle Scout, Cardinal Archbishop Emeritus of Baltimore [24]
Steve McGowan [24]
Ellie Morrison [24]
John F. Pyfer, Jr. Benefactor, International Scouter, Distinguished Eagle Scout [24]

References[edit]

  1. "Silver Buffalo Award Winners 1929-1926". Boy Scouts of America. 
  2. "Silver Buffalo Award Winners 1939-1930". Boy Scouts of America. 
  3. "Silver Buffalo Award Winners 1949-1940". Boy Scouts of America. 
  4. "Silver Buffalo Award Winners 1959-1950". Boy Scouts of America. 
  5. "Silver Buffalo Award Winners 1969-1960". Boy Scouts of America. 
  6. "Silver Buffalo Award Winners 1979-1970". Boy Scouts of America. 
  7. "Silver Buffalo Award Winners 1989-1980". Boy Scouts of America. 
  8. "Silver Buffalo Award Winners 1999-1990". Boy Scouts of America. 
  9. "Silver Buffalo Award Winners 2008-2000". Boy Scouts of America. 
  1. ^ a b Petterchak, Janice A. (2003). Lone Scout: W. D. Boyce and American Boy Scouting. Legacy Press. ISBN 0-9653198-7-3. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i West, James E. (1937). 10108 H.doc.18; 27th Annual Report of the Boy Scouts of America (1936). U.S. Congress, House Committee on Education. 
  3. ^ Baden-Powell, Robert (1908). Scouting for Boys: A Handbook for Instruction in Good Citizenship. London: H. Cox. p. xxiv. ISBN 0-486-45719-2. 
  4. ^ "Wilbert E. Longfellow:Water Safety Crusader". American Red Cross. Retrieved 2007-04-19. 
  5. ^ a b Campbell, Thomas P. (2003). "A Best Friend in the White House". Scouting. Boy Scouts of America. 
  6. ^ "Parsons, Reginald (1873-1955), Seattle Financier and Philanthropist". HistoryLink.org. Retrieved 2007-07-24. 
  7. ^ "A Proper Regard for the Unfortunates: Origins of the Jail System in Westchester County, N. Y". New York Correction History Society. 
  8. ^ "Thomas E. Wilson". National Association of Extension 4-H Agents. Retrieved 2007-07-24. 
  9. ^ "The Power of Negative Thinking". Time. 1960-09-19. Retrieved 2007-08-07. 
  10. ^ Dubill, Andy (December 2008). "Paul Siple". International Scouting Collector's Association Journal (International Scouting Collector's Association) 8 (4): 45–46. 
  11. ^ "Belmore Brown". Retrieved 2007-08-31. 
  12. ^ "Massachusetts Yankee". Time. May 30, 1949. Retrieved 2007-07-23. 
  13. ^ Halter, Jon C. (2003). "Silver Buffalo Awards". Scouting. Boy Scouts of America. Retrieved 2007-07-14. 
  14. ^ Borghese, Matthew (2006). "Boy Scouts Honor Defense Secretary Rumsfeld". All Headline News. Retrieved 2007-07-14. 
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Silver Buffalo Awards". Scouting (Boy Scouts of America): 37. September 2007. 
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Silver Buffalo Awards". Scouting (Boy Scouts of America): 37. July 2008. 
  17. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Silver Buffalo Award Winners". Boy Scouts of America. 
  18. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "2009 Silver Buffalo Recipients". Scouting (Boy Scouts of America) (September – October 2009). 
  19. ^ "Scouts Honor Jeff Gordon". That's Racin. 2009-03-25. Retrieved 2009-03-27. 
  20. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "2010 Silver Buffalo Recipients". Scouting (September–October 2010): 39. 
  21. ^ "Cohen & Grigsby Attorney R. Michael Daniel Recognized for Distinguished Service to Youth with Silver Buffalo Award". PRNewswire. June 2, 2010. 
  22. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "2011 Silver Buffalo Recipients". Scouting (Boy Scouts of America) (September – October 2011). 
  23. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Wendell, Bryan (June 8, 2012). BSA names its 2012 Silver Buffalo Award recipients. Bryan on Scouting. 
  24. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Wendell, Bryan (February 7, 2013). Meet your 2013 Silver Buffalo class. Bryan on Scouting. 
  25. ^ Bournislj, Kyriakos (3 June 2013). "Silver Buffalo Awarded to George N Boulukos". Eastern Orthodox Committee on Scouting. Retrieved 12 June 2013.