List of recognised political parties in India
India has a multi-party system with a predominance of small regional parties. Political parties that wish to contest local, state or national elections are required to be registered by the Election Commission of India (EC). In order to gain recognition in a state, the party must have had political activity for at least five continuous years, and send at least 4% of the state's quota to the Lok Sabha (India's Lower house), or 3.33% of members to the Legislative Assembly of that state. These conditions are deemed to have failed if a member of the Lok Sabha or the Legislative Assembly of the State becomes a member of that political party after his election. If a party is recognised in four or more states, it is declared as a "National party" by the EC. Otherwise, it is known as a "State Party".
All parties contesting the elections have to choose a symbol from a list of available symbols offered by the EC. All 28 states of the country along with the union territories of Puducherry and the National Capital Territory of Delhi have an elected government unless President's rule is imposed under certain conditions.
|1||Bahujan Samajwadi Party||1984||Mayawati|
|2||Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)||1980||Singh, RajnathRajnath Singh|
|3||Communist Party of India (CPI)||1925[a]||Reddy, Suravaram SudhakarSuravaram Sudhakar Reddy|
|4||Communist Party of India (Marxist) CPI (M)||1964||Karat, PrakashPrakash Karat|
|5||Indian National Congress (INC)||1885||Gandhi, SoniaSonia Gandhi|
|6||Nationalist Congress Party (NCP)||1999||Pawar, SharadSharad Pawar|
List of state parties
If a party is recognised as a state party by the Election Commission, it can reserve a symbol for its exclusive use in the state. The following are a list of recognised state parties as of September 2009.
- "Registration of Political Parties". FAQs. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 21 January 2013.
- "Election Commission of India- Notification" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Retrieved 1 November 2013.
- Surjeet, Harkishan Singh (2005). "Spread of Communist Activities". History of the communist movement in India 1. LeftWord Books. p. 54. ISBN 81-87496-49-5.
- "Political parties: Election Symbols" (PDF). Election Commission of India. 18 January 2013. Retrieved 21 January 2013.
- Bidwai, Praful. "Hindutva in dire straits".
- "Political parties: Election Symbols, Amendment" (PDF). Election Commission of India. 9 April 2013. Retrieved 13 June 2013.