List of reduplicated Australian place names

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1919 Yarram Yarram postmark - the town is now Yarram

These names are examples of reduplication, a common theme in Australian toponymy, especially in names derived from Indigenous Australian languages such as Wiradjuri. Reduplication is often used as an intensifier such as "Wagga Wagga" many crows and "Tilba Tilba" many waters.

The phenomenon has been the subject of interest in popular culture, including the song by Australian folk singer Greg Champion (written by Jim Haynes and Greg Champion), Don't Call Wagga Wagga Wagga.[1] British comedian Spike Milligan, an erstwhile resident of Woy Woy, once wrote "Woy it is called Woy Woy Oi will never know".[2]

Place names[edit]

Name of place State or Territory Meaning and notes
Bael Bael Victoria A locality of the Shire of Gannawarra. It contains Lake Bael Bael and the heritage listed Bael Bael Homestead.[3]
Balla Balla Western Australia A defunct town and port but operating pastoral lease
Ban Ban Springs Queensland Ban means "grass" in the local Kabi dialect.[4]
Banda Banda New South Wales A mountain in the Great Dividing Range near Kempsey, New South Wales
Banka Banka Station Northern Territory A cattle station
Baw Baw Victoria A local government area in Victoria. The name is also applied to a mountain (Mount Baw Baw), and to a national park (Baw Baw National Park). Baw Baw is an Aboriginal word meaning "echo".[5]
Beek Beek Victoria Emu
Beggan Beggan New South Wales A locality in Harden Shire and a parish in Harden County [6]
Bet Bet Victoria A locality of the Shire of Central Goldfields. Bet Bet had its own local government area (Shire of Bet Bet) from 1864 to 1995.
Bindi Bindi [7] Western Australia A small town in the Shire of Moora [8] The name is Aboriginal in origin and is the word for stick or skewer on which a coat is hung. The doubling of the word is to indicate many of them.
Bli Bli Queensland Named after "billai billai", Aboriginal for swamp oak.[9]
Bon Bon Reserve South Australia A nature reserve
Bong Bong New South Wales The place name is Aboriginal for "blind or a watercourse lost in a swamp" or "many watercourses; many frogs".[10]
Bongil Bongil New South Wales The name Bongil Bongil is the name of a sub-group of the Gumbaingerie tribe which occupied the general area bounded by the Clarence River in the north, the Nambucca River in the south, Dorrigo in the west and the Pacific Ocean.[11]
Book Book New South Wales A rural community within the local government area of the city of Wagga Wagga
Bookal-Bookal Creek Queensland  ?? [12]
Boonoo Boonoo New South Wales The place name means "poor country with no animals to provide food" and is Aboriginal in origin.[13] The name is applied to a locality, a national park (Boonoo Boonoo National Park), a river (Boonoo Boonoo River) and a waterfall.
Booti Booti National Park New South Wales The place name means "plenty plenty" in the local Aboriginal dialect.
Brim Brim Victoria A parish of the County of Dundas
Brit Brit Victoria A locality of the Shire of Southern Grampians
Bruk Bruk Victoria A parish of the County of Dundas
Budgee Budgee New South Wales Budgee Budgee is a locality near Mudgee. The origin of the name is unknown, but it first appeared on old maps so is possibly a surveyor's interpretation of an aboriginal name.[14]
Budgee Budgee Victoria A parish of the County of Wonnangatta
Bulla Bulla Victoria The original name of the township of Bulla. An Aboriginal term meaning either 'two' or 'good'.[15]
Buln Buln Victoria A locality in the Shire of Baw Baw. The name is also applied to a county (County of Buln Buln) in Victoria.
Bungle Bungle Range Western Australia A corruption of "bundle bundle", a grass common to the Kimberley region.[16]
Burra Burra South Australia Former name for the town of Burra. The name is also applied to a creek and a copper mine near the town.
Burrah Burrah Victoria A parish of the County of Ripon
Burrin Burrin Reserve New South Wales A nature reserve in south-eastern NSW
Burrum Burrum Victoria A parish of the County of Kara Kara
Carag Carag Victoria A parish of the County of Rodney
Colac Colac Victoria A locality of the Shire of Towong
Collum Collum New South Wales A locality within the Clarence Valley LGA.
Coomoo Coomoo New South Wales The name was derived from the original station name, which used a local Aboriginal word meaning "much water".[17]
Cope Cope Victoria A locality of the Shire of Northern Grampians
Curl Curl New South Wales Name may be derived from Aboriginal phrase "curial curial" meaning river of life.[18]
Cut Paw Paw Victoria A parish of the County of Bourke."Maribyrnong: Action in Tranquility", the history of Maribyrnong, gives the meanings of several aboriginal terms. Cut Cut Paw is a corruption of the words for "a clump of she-oaks".
Dom Dom Victoria A mountain in Victoria, 65 km from Melbourne
Doon Doon New South Wales From the Bandjalung-Yugambeh dialect chain word 'doan doan' meaning black or dark.[19]
Drik Drik Victoria An Aboriginal word for "Stoney Stoney"[20][21]
Drung Drung Victoria A former name of locality of Drung in the Rural City of Horsham
Dum Dum New South Wales A locality near Uki, New South Wales
Durren Durren New South Wales A locality near Wyong, in Wyong Shire
Elong Elong New South Wales
Ganoo Ganoo Victoria A parish of the County of Dundas
Gatum Gatum Victoria A former name of locality of Gatum in the Shire of Southern Grampians and the name of a Melbourne Cup winner
Gherang Gherang Victoria A parish of the County of Grant
Ghinni Ghinni New South Wales
Gil Gil Victoria A locality of the Shire of Buloke
Gin Gin Queensland The name was derived from the original station name, which used a local Aboriginal word indicating "red soil thick scrub".[22]
Gin Gin New South Wales
Gingin Western Australia May mean either "footprint" or "place of many streams".[23]
Gol Gol New South Wales Gol Gol got its name from the local Aboriginal word for 'meeting place', as recorded by the explorer Thomas Mitchell.[24]
Gong Gong Victoria A locality of the City of Ballarat
Goonoo Goonoo New South Wales "Plenty of water".[25]
Gre Gre Victoria A locality of the Shire of Northern Grampians
Greg Greg New South Wales
Grong Grong New South Wales "Very hot".[26]
Guda Guda Western Australia A small Aboriginal community in the Wyndham-East Kimberley local government area
Gumly Gumly New South Wales
Gunyah Gunyah Victoria An earlier name of the locality of Gunyah in South Gippsland Shire
Gunyah Gunyah Victoria A parish of the County of Buln Buln
Hie Hie New South Wales See Terry Hie Hie, New South Wales
Jellat Jellat New South Wales
Jil Jil Victoria A locality of the Shire of Buloke
Jim Jim Falls Northern Territory
Jimba Jimba Station Western Australia A sheep station
Jingi Jingi Creek Queensland A creek. [27] Jingi Jingi Creek rises on the western slope of the Great Dividing Range, in the locality of Diamondy, north-east of Jandowae. It flows south-west through Jinghi and Tuckerang to Brigalow, where it crosses the Warrego Highway and flows into the Condamine River.
Jung Jung Victoria A former name of locality of Jung in the Rural City of Horsham
Kadji Kadji Western Australia A pastoral lease in the Mid West
Karup Karup Victoria A parish of the County of Dundas
Ki Ki South Australia
Kin Kin [28] Queensland May be derived from the local Aboriginal word for 'black ants'.[29] or

May be derived from an Aboriginal word, Kabi language, kauin kauin, a variant of kutchin indicating red, from the red soil area drained by Kin Kin Creek.[30]

Koonung Koonung Creek Victoria A tributary of the Yarra River
Koort-koort-nong Victoria A parish of the County of Hampden
Korrak Korrak Victoria A parish of the County of Tatchera
Kunat Kunat Victoria A parish of the County of Tatchera
Kurri Kurri New South Wales In the Minyung Dialect, which refers to this area, Kurri-kurri means 'the beginning, the first'.[31]
Lal Lal Victoria Lal Lal is a town in Victoria
Lang Lang Victoria Lang Lang was formerly known as Carrington, after Lord Carrington.[32] The town is named in honour of an early settler in region, called Lang.[33] In the Woiwurrung language, the name Lang Lang,[34] also spelled Laang Laang, meant "stones" or "stony".[35] Lang Lang is also believed to mean "bush bush";[citation needed] or a "clump of trees".[32] Also see Lang Lang River and Little Lang Lang River.
Ma Ma Creek Queensland
Mia Mia [36] Victoria
Millaa Millaa Queensland May be derived from the local Aboriginal word for 'plenty water'.[37] or

May be derived from a corruption of "millai millai", possibly Yindinji language, indicating a fruit-bearing plant Eleagnus latifolia.[38]

Milly Milly Western Australia A pastoral lease in the Mid-West
Min Min Lights Queensland Not exactly a place name, but worthy of inclusion. Min Min is, or was, a location near Boulia.[39]
Mitta Mitta Victoria
Mona Mona Mission Queensland Aboriginal community in far north Qld
Mooney Mooney New South Wales
Morrl Morrl Victoria A locality of the Shire of Northern Grampians
Mundi Mundi New South Wales A cattle station in the outback
Murrin Murrin Western Australia Gold mine[40]
Nap Nap Marra Victoria A locality of the Shire of Wellington
Nareeb Nareeb Victoria A former name of the locality of Nareeb in the Shire of Moyne[41]
Nerrin Nerrin Victoria A locality of the Rural City of Ararat
Ni Ni Victoria A former locality of the Shire of Hindmarsh
Nug Nug Victoria A locality of Alpine Shire
Obi Obi Queensland Believed to be a perpetuation of the personal name of a prominent Aboriginal, known variously as Ubi Ubi, Wubi Wubi or Obi Obi.[42]
Pandie Pandie Station South Australia A cattle station
Paw Paw Victoria See Cut Paw Paw
Pendyk Pendyk Victoria A parish of the County of Dundas
Perrit Perrit Victoria A parish of the County of Tatchera
Pom Pom Victoria A parish of the County of Villiers
Pura Pura Victoria A locality of the Shire of Moyne
Tabby Tabby Island Queensland Derived from a corruption of Bundjalung language, Ngaraangbal dialect, word dhube dhube, indicating crab place or shell place.[43]
Terip Terip Victoria A locality of the Shire of Murrindindi
Terrick Terrick Victoria A locality of the Shire of Loddon
Terrick Terrick National Park Victoria
Terry Hie Hie New South Wales
Tilba Tilba New South Wales Said to be a Thawa Aboriginal term for 'many waters'.[44]
Vite Vite Victoria A locality of the Corangamite Shire
Wagga Wagga New South Wales 'Wagga wagga' is probably a Wiradhuri term for 'many crows'. 'Waggan', for one type of crow and 'waggura', for another have been recorded; also: reeling (a sick man or a dizzy man); to dance, slide or grind.[45]
Wal Wal Victoria A locality of the Shire of Northern Grampians
Walla Walla New South Wales Is probably Wiradhuri in origin, but no meaning has been verified. (Appleton; 1992). Also: Possibly from Wallawalla for rain. (McCarthy; 1963).[46]
Walla Walla Victoria A parish of the County of Ripon
Wallan Wallan Victoria
Wangi Wangi New South Wales The word Wangi has been translated variously as water, night owl or dark green tree so that Wangi Wangi would mean place of much water, many night owls or many dark green trees. Early settlers and fishermen used the word to mean peninsula and Point Wolstoncroft (in the locality of Gwandalan) was called "Little Wangi". Captain Dangar's 1826 sketch of Lake Macquarie marked Wangi Point as "Wonde Wonde". There is no explanation of the marked difference between spelling and pronunciation.[47]
Warra Warra Victoria A parish of the County of Borung
Wat Wat Victoria A parish of the County of Croajingolong
Wee Wee Rup Victoria A locality of the Shire of Gannawarra
Whian Whian [48]
Will Will Rook Victoria A parish of the County of Bourke
Wonga Wonga Victoria An earlier name of the locality of Wonga in South Gippsland Shire
Wood Wood Victoria A locality of the Rural City of Swan Hill
Wool Wool Victoria A locality of the Colac Otway Shire
Woy Woy New South Wales Said to be an Awabakal Aboriginal term for 'deep water' or 'lagoon'[49]
Wujal Wujal Queensland Aboriginal community in far north Qld
Wuk Wuk Victoria A locality of the Shire of East Gippsland
Wurruk Wurruk Victoria A parish of the County of Tanjil
Wyn Wyn Victoria A former locality of the Rural City of Horsham
Yabba Yabba Victoria A parish of the County of Moira
Yagga Yagga Western Australia An Aboriginal community near Halls Creek, Western Australia
Yan Yan Gurt Victoria A locality of the Surf Coast Shire
Yanac A Yanac Victoria A former name of a locality of Yanac in the Shire of Hindmarsh
Yarram Yarram Victoria The former name of Yarram, Victoria
Yeo Yeo New South Wales

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Champion, Greg; Haynes, Jim. "Don't Call Wagga Wagga Wagga". Warner/Chappel Music Australia. Retrieved 2009-05-19. 
  2. ^ Fickling, David (2003-10-04). "Town lampooned by Spike Milligan bends over backwards to laud him". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 2009-05-19. 
  3. ^ "Bael Bael Homestead (Heritage Listed Location)". onmydoorstep.com.au. Retrieved 21 January 2014. 
  4. ^ "Place name details: Ban Ban Springs". Queensland Government. 2008-03-04. Retrieved 2009-05-18. 
  5. ^ "Baw Baw National Park". Australian Alps National Parks. 12 Sep 2013. Retrieved 14 Dec 2013. 
  6. ^ "GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES REGISTER EXTRACT - Beggan Beggan". Place name search. Geographical Names Board of New South Wales. 5 April 2012. Retrieved 18 January 2014. 
  7. ^ "COUNTRY NEWS.". The West Australian (Perth, WA : 1879 - 1954) (Perth, WA: National Library of Australia). 19 June 1934. p. 7. Retrieved 30 May 2014. 
  8. ^ Western Australian Land Information Authority. "History of country town names". Retrieved 2011-02-12. 
  9. ^ "Bli Bli - origin of name". Sunshine Coast Regional Council. 2009-02-26. Retrieved 2009-05-19. 
  10. ^ "Bong Bong". Geographical Names Register (GNR) of NSW. Geographical Names Board of New South Wales. 
  11. ^ "Bongil Bongil National Park". Geographical Names Register (GNR) of NSW. Geographical Names Board of New South Wales. 
  12. ^ ""THE MAIN ROADS ACTS, 1920-1943".". Worker (Brisbane, Qld. : 1890 - 1955) (Brisbane, Qld.: National Library of Australia). 3 January 1949. p. 3. Retrieved 10 November 2013. 
  13. ^ "Boonoo Boonoo". Geographical Names Register (GNR) of NSW. Geographical Names Board of New South Wales. 
  14. ^ "Budgee Budgee on the other side of Mudgee". budgeebudgee.com. Retrieved 2009-06-11. 
  15. ^ "Bulla". eMelbourne the city past & present. The University of Melbourne. July 2008. Retrieved 9 June 2010. 
  16. ^ Riviera, Larry. "The Bungle Bungles". about.com. Retrieved 2009-05-19. 
  17. ^ "Coomoo Coomoo (Parish)". Geographical Names Register (GNR) of NSW. Geographical Names Board of New South Wales. Retrieved 8 July 2010. 
  18. ^ "Curl Curl". Geographical Names Register (GNR) of NSW. Geographical Names Board of New South Wales. Retrieved 2009-05-19. 
  19. ^ "Doon Doon". Geographical Names Register (GNR) of NSW. Geographical Names Board of New South Wales. Retrieved 2009-06-26. 
  20. ^ Brown, J. K. (1968). "Early History of Drik Drik". Retrieved 2009-05-18. 
  21. ^ "No Title.". Portland Guardian (Vic. : 1876 - 1953) (Vic.: National Library of Australia). 22 September 1876. p. 3 Edition: EVENINGS. Retrieved 3 October 2013. 
  22. ^ "Place Name Details" (PHP). Natural Resources and Water (Queensland). 2008. Retrieved 2008-03-13. 
  23. ^ "History of country town names - G". Landgate. Retrieved 2009-05-20. [dead link]
  24. ^ "The History of Gol Gol". Gol Gol Public School. Retrieved 2009-05-31. [dead link]
  25. ^ "Wallabadah - Places to See". smh.com.au. 2008-11-26. Retrieved 2009-05-18. 
  26. ^ "Grong Grong". Geographical Names Register (GNR) of NSW. Geographical Names Board of New South Wales. Retrieved 2009-05-19. 
  27. ^ "Advertising.". The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954) (NSW: National Library of Australia). 3 March 1860. p. 11. Retrieved 10 November 2013. 
  28. ^ "SUMMARY.". The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954) (NSW: National Library of Australia). 16 November 1935. p. 1. Retrieved 27 May 2014. 
  29. ^ "Kin Kin". noosa.com.au. Retrieved 2009-05-23. 
  30. ^ "Place Name Details". Queensland Government. Retrieved 2009-06-26. 
  31. ^ "Kurri Kurri". Geographical Names Register (GNR) of NSW. Geographical Names Board of New South Wales. Retrieved 2009-06-26. 
  32. ^ a b "Brief History of Lang Lang". Lang Lang & District Historical Society. Retrieved 7 April 2014. 
  33. ^ Reed, A. W. (1973). Place names of Australia (1st ed.). Frenchs Forest: Reed Books. p. 135. ISBN 0-589-50128-3. 
  34. ^ "Lang Lang: 101776: Traditional Name: Lang Lang". VICNAMES. Government of Victoria. 12 August 2011. Retrieved 7 April 2014. 
  35. ^ "Lang Lang: 101776: Traditional Name: Laang Laang". VICNAMES. Government of Victoria. 12 August 2011. Retrieved 7 April 2014. 
  36. ^ "COUNTRY NEWS.". The West Australian (Perth, WA : 1879 - 1954) (Perth, WA: National Library of Australia). 19 June 1934. p. 7. Retrieved 30 May 2014. 
  37. ^ "Welcome to Millaa Millaa". tablelands.org. Retrieved 2009-05-23. 
  38. ^ "Place Name Details". Queensland Government. Retrieved 2009-06-26. 
  39. ^ "Min Min Lights". UFOIC-UFO Investigation Centre. Retrieved 2009-05-24. 
  40. ^ "LEASE UNDER OPTION.". Kalgoorlie Western Argus (WA : 1896 - 1916) (WA: National Library of Australia). 8 August 1911. p. 5. Retrieved 2 September 2012. 
  41. ^ "No Title.". Portland Guardian (Vic. : 1876 - 1953) (Vic.: National Library of Australia). 22 September 1876. p. 3 Edition: EVENINGS. Retrieved 3 October 2013. 
  42. ^ "Place Name Details". Queensland Government. Retrieved 2009-06-26. 
  43. ^ "Place Name Details". Queensland Government. Retrieved 2009-06-26. 
  44. ^ "Tilba". Geographical Names Register (GNR) of NSW. Geographical Names Board of New South Wales. 
  45. ^ "Wagga Wagga". Geographical Names Register (GNR) of NSW. Geographical Names Board of New South Wales. 
  46. ^ "Walla Walla". Geographical Names Register (GNR) of NSW. Geographical Names Board of New South Wales. Retrieved 8 July 2010. 
  47. ^ "Lake Mac Libraries: Wangi Wangi". Lake Macquarie City Library. Retrieved 2014-07-25. 
  48. ^ http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article125188178
  49. ^ "Woy Woy". Geographical Names Register (GNR) of NSW. Geographical Names Board of New South Wales. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Kennedy, Brian, & Kennedy, Barbara. & Australian Broadcasting Corporation. (2006) Australian place names ABC Books for the Australian Broadcasting Corporation, Sydney, N.S.W. ISBN 0-7333-1760-X
  • Reed, A. W. (1967) Aboriginal place names Sydney ; Wellington : A.H. & A.W. Reed. ISBN 0-7301-0127-4 (pbk)

External links[edit]