List of 20th-century religious leaders

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List of 19th-century religious leadersList of 21st-century religious leadersReligious leaders by year
See also:

Buddhism[edit]

  • Thai Buddhism
    • Vajirananavarorasa, Somdet and Supreme Patriarch (1910–1921)
    • Kromma Luang Jinavorn Sirivaddhana, Somdet and Supreme Patriarch (1921–1937)
    • Phae Tissadeva, Somdet Phra and Supreme Patriarch (1938–1944)
    • Momrajavong Chuen Noppavong, Somdet and Supreme Patriarch (1945–1958)
    • Plod Kittisobhana, Somdet Phra and Supreme Patriarch (1960–1962)
    • Yoo Nanodayo, Somdet Phra and Supreme Patriarch (1963–1966)
    • Chuan Utthayi, Somdet Phra and Supreme Patriarch (1965–1971)
    • Pun Punnasiri, Somdet Phra and Supreme Patriarch (1972–1973)
    • Ariyavangsagatayana, Somdet Phra and Supreme Patriarch (1973–1988)
    • Nyanasamvara Suvaddhana, Somdet Phra and Supreme Patriarch (1989–present)

Tibetan Buddhism[edit]

Christianity[edit]

Catholicism[edit]

Old Catholicism[edit]

  • Old Catholic Church of America
    • Paul Francis Cope May, Archbishop (1925–1953)
    • Francis Xavier Resch, Archbishop (1953–1963)
    • Walter Xavier Brown, Archbishop (1963–1997)
    • James Edward Bostwick, Archbishop (1997–2009)

Eastern Orthodoxy[edit]

Autocephalous Churches[edit]

  • Church of Antioch (complete list) –
    • Meletius II (Doumani), Patriarchs of Antioch (1899–1906)
    • Gregory IV (Haddad), Patriarch of Antioch (1906–1928)
    • Alexander III (Tahan), Patriarch of Antioch (1928–1958)
      • Arsenius II (Haddad), Patriarch of Antioch (schism, 1930–1931)
    • Theodosius VI (Abourjaily), Patriarch of Antioch (1958–1970)
    • Elias IV (Muawad), Patriarch of Antioch (1970–1979)
    • Ignatius IV (Hazim), Patriarch of Antioch (1979–2012)
  • Church of Greece (complete list) –
    • Procopius II, Archbishop of Athens and All Greece (1896–1901)
    • Theocletus I, Archbishop of Athens and All Greece (1902–1917 (1st))
    • Meletius III, Archbishop of Athens and All Greece (1918–1920)
    • Theocletus I, Archbishop of Athens and All Greece (1920–1922 (2nd))
    • Chrysostom I, Archbishop of Athens and All Greece (1923–1938)
    • Chrysanthus of Athens, Archbishop of Athens and All Greece (1938–1941)
    • Damaskinos, Archbishop of Athens and All Greece (1941–1949)
    • Spyridon of Athens, Archbishop of Athens and All Greece (1949–1956)
    • Dorotheus of Athens, Archbishop of Athens and All Greece (1956–1957)
    • Theocletus II, Archbishop of Athens and All Greece (1957–1962)
    • Iakovos III, Archbishop of Athens and All Greece (1962)
    • Chrysostom II, Archbishop of Athens and All Greece (1962–1967)
    • Ieronymos I, Archbishop of Athens and All Greece (1967–1973)
    • Seraphim of Athens, Archbishop of Athens and All Greece (1973–1998)
    • Christodoulos of Athens, Archbishop of Athens and All Greece (1998–2008)
  • Polish Orthodox Church
    • George (Jaroszewski), Metropolitan of Warsaw and all Poland (1921–1923)
    • Dionysius (Waledynski), Metropolitan of Warsaw (1923–1947, recognized by Constantinople until 1960)
    • Tymoteusz (Szretter) of Bialystok-Gdansk (acting), Metropolitan of Warsaw (1947–1951, recognized by Moscow)
    • Makarius (Oksaniuk), Metropolitan of Warsaw (1951–1959, recognized by Moscow)
    • Tymoteusz (Szretter) of Bialystok-Gdansk (acting), Metropolitan of Warsaw (1959–1962, recognized by Moscow, by Constantinople from 1961)
    • Jerzy (Korenostow) of Lódz-Poznan (acting), Metropolitan of Warsaw and all Poland (1962–1965)
    • Stefan of Poland, Metropolitan of Warsaw and all Poland (1965–1969)
    • Jerzy (Korenostow) of Lódz-Poznan (acting), Metropolitan of Warsaw and all Poland (1969–1970)
    • Basil (Doroszkiewicz), Metropolitan of Warsaw and all Poland (1970–1998)
    • Sabbas (Hrycuniak), Metropolitan of Warsaw and All Poland (1998–present)

Autonomous Churches[edit]

  • Orthodox Church of Estonia
    • Aleksander, Archbishop of Tallinn and All Estonia (1920–1923)
    • Aleksander, Metropolitan of Tallinn and All Estonia (1923–1953)
    • 0, Metropolitan of Tallinn and All Estonia (1944–0)
    • Athinagoras I of Thyatira and]], Metropolitan of Tallinn and All Estonia (1953–1962)
    • Athinagoras II of Thyatira and]], Metropolitan of Tallinn and All Estonia (1963–1978)
    • John of Finland, Metropolitan of Tallinn and All Estonia (1996–1999)
    • Stephanos, Metropolitan of Tallinn and All Estonia (1999–present)

Ukrainian Orthodoxy[edit]

  • Ukrainian Orthodox Church (Moscow Patriarchate), not canonically recognised –
    • Feognost II, Metropolitan of Kiev (1900–1903)
    • Flavian, Metropolitan of Kiev (1903–1915)
    • Vladimir I, Metropolitan of Kiev (1915–1918)
    • Antoniy II, Metropolitan of Kiev (1918–1936)
    • Nazary of Cherkass, Metropolitan of Kiev (1919–1921)
    • Michael of Grodno and Brest, Metropolitan of Kiev (1921–1924)
    • Michael III, Metropolitan of Kiev (1924–1929)
    • Dmitriy, Metropolitan of Kiev (1930–1932)
    • Sergiy, Metropolitan of Kiev (1932–1934)
    • Konstantin III, Metropolitan of Kiev (1934–1937)
    • Nikolai II, Metropolitan of Kiev (1941–1944)
    • Ioann V, Metropolitan of Kiev (1944–1964)
    • Ioasaf II, Metropolitan of Kiev (1964–1966)
    • Filaret II, Metropolitan of Kiev (1966–1992)
    • Volodymyr Sabodan, Metropolitan of Kiev (1992–present)

Schismatic churches[edit]

  • Old Believers
    • Iov (in opposition), Archbishop of Moscow (1871–1912)
    • Savvaty, Archbishop of Moscow (1881–1898)
    • Ioann, Archbishop of Moscow (1898–1915)
    • Melety, Archbishop of Moscow (1915–1934)
    • Vikenty of Kazan, Archbishop of Moscow (1934–1938)
    • vacant, Archbishop of Moscow (1938–1940)
    • Irinarch, Archbishop of Moscow (1940–1952)
    • Flavian, Archbishop of Moscow (1952–1960)
    • Iosif, Archbishop of Moscow (1961–1970)
    • Nikodim, Archbishop of Moscow (1970–1986)
    • Alimpy, Archbishop of Moscow (1986–1988)
    • Alimpy, Metropolitan of Moscow and All Russia (1988–2003)
  • Novozybkov hierarchy
    • Nikola, Archbishop of Novozybkov, Moscow and All Russia (1923–1934)
    • Stefan, Archbishop of Novozybkov, Moscow and All Russia (1934–1937)
    • Mikhail, Archbishop of Novozybkov, Moscow and All Russia (1938–1944)
    • Ioann, Archbishop of Novozybkov, Moscow and All Russia (1944–1956)
    • Epifany, Archbishop of Novozybkov, Moscow and All Russia (1956–1965)
    • Ieyermiya, Archbishop of Novozybkov, Moscow and All Russia (1965–1969)
    • Pavel, Archbishop of Novozybkov, Moscow and All Russia (1969–1980)
    • Gennady, Archbishop of Novozybkov, Moscow and All Russia (1980–1996)
    • Aristarkh, Archbishop of Novozybkov, Moscow and All Russia (1996–2000)
    • Aleksandr, titled Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia (2000–2002)

Oriental Orthodoxy[edit]

  • Armenian Apostolic Church
    • Grigor (acting), Catholicose of Cilicia (1895–1902)
    • Sahak II, Catholicose of Cilicia (1902–1939)
    • Eghishe, Catholicose of Cilicia (1940–1942)
    • Khad, Catholicose of Cilicia (1942–1945)
    • Karekin I, Catholicose of Cilicia (1943–1952)
    • Khad, Catholicose of Cilicia (1952–1955)
    • Khoren, Catholicose of Cilicia (1955–1956)
    • Zareh I, Catholicose of Cilicia (1956–1963)
    • Khoren I, Catholicose of Cilicia (1963–1983)
    • Karekin II, Catholicose of Cilicia (1983–1995)
    • Aram I, Catholicose of Cilicia (1995–present)

Protestantism[edit]

Baptist[edit]

International
  • Baptist World Alliance
    • John Clifford, President (1905–1911)
    • Robert Stuart MacArthur, President (1911–1923)
    • Edgar Young Mullins, President (1923–1928)
    • John MacNeill, President (1928–1934)
    • George Washington Truett, President (1934–1939)
    • James Henry Rushbrooke, President (1939–1947)
    • Charles Oscar Johnson, President (1947–1950)
    • Fred Townley Lord, President (1950–1955)
    • Theodore Floyd Adams, President (1955–1960)
    • Joao Filson Soren, President (1960–1965)
    • William R. Tolbert, Jr., President (1965–1970)
    • Carney Hargroves, President (1970–1975)
    • David Wong, President (1975–1980)
    • Duke Kimbrough McCall, President (1980–1985)
    • Noel Vose, President (1985–1990)
    • Knud Wumpleman, President (1990–1995)
    • Nilson Do Amaral Fanini, President (1995–2000)
    • Billy Kim, President (2000–2005)
United States

Holiness[edit]

Lutheran[edit]

Pentecostal[edit]

Methodism[edit]

  • Iglesia Evangelica Metodista en las Islas Filipinas
    • Nicolas V. Zamora, General Superintendent (1909–1914)
    • Alejandro H. Reyes, General Superintendent (1914–1922)
    • Victoriano Mariano, General Superintendent (1922–1928)
    • Francisco Gregorio, General Superintendent (1928–1939)
    • Matias B. Valdez, General Superintendent (1939–1948)
    • Eusebio Tech, General Superintendent (1948–1952)
    • Marcelino C. Gutierrez, General Superintendent (1952–1953)
    • Lazaro G. Trinidad, General Superintendent (1953–1972)
    • Geronimo P. Maducdoc, General Superintendent (1972–1980)
    • George F. Castro, General Superintendent (1980–2000)
    • Nathaniel P. Lazaro, General Superintendent (2000–present)
  • Methodist Church Ghana
    • Francis C.F. Grant, President (1961–1966)
    • T. Wallace Koomson, President (1966–1973)
    • Charles K. Yamoah, President (1973–1977)
    • C. Awotwi Pratt, President (1977–1979)
    • Samuel B. Essamuah, President (1979–1984)
    • C. Awotwi Pratt, President (1984–1985)
    • Jacob S.A. Stephens, President (1985–1990)
    • Kwesi A. Dickson, President (1990–1997)
    • Samuel Asante Antwi, President and Presiding Bishop (1997–2003)[5]
  • Methodist Church in Singapore
    • Methodist work in Southern and Southeast Asia
    • James M. Thoburn, Bishop and Superintendent (1888–1904)
    • William F. Oldham, Bishop and Superintendent (1904–1912)
    • John E. Robinson, Bishop and Superintendent (1912–1914)
    • William P. Eveland, Bishop and Superintendent (1914–1916)
    • John E. Robinson and J. W. Robinson, Bishops and Superintendents (1916–1920)
    • George H. Bickley, Bishop and Superintendent (1920–1924)
    • Titus Lowe, Bishop and Superintendent (1924–1928)
    • Edwin F. Lee, Bishop and Superintendent (1928–1948)
    • Southeastern Asia Central Conference
    • Raymond L. Archer, Bishop (1950–1956)
    • Hobart B. Amstutz, Bishop (1956–1964)
    • Robert F. Lundy, Bishop (1964–1968)
    • Methodist Church in Malaysia and Singapore
    • Yap Kim Hao, Bishop (1968–1973)
    • Theodore R. Doraisamy, Bishop (1973–1976)
    • Methodist Church in Singapore
    • Kao Jih Chung, Bishop (1976–1984)
    • Ho Chee Sin, Bishop (1984–1996)
    • Wong Kiam Thau, Bishop (1996–2000)
    • Robert M. Solomon, Bishop (2000–present)
  • Methodist Church of South Africa
    • President
      • William B Rayner, President (1900–1901)
      • Alfred T Rhodes, President (1901–1902)
      • Robert Lamplough, President (1902–1903)
      • Nendrick Abrahams, President (1903–1904)
      • Ezra Nuttal, President (1904–1905)
      • Arthur P Chaplin, President (1905–1906)
      • Richard F Hornabrook, President (1906–1907)
      • William J Hacker, President (1907–1908)
      • George Weaver, President (1908–1909)
      • Wesley Hurt, President (1909–1911)
      • Joseph Metcalf, President (1911–1912)
      • Albert H Hodges, President (1912–1913)
      • William Pescod, President (1913–1914)
      • T Edward Marsh, President (1914–1915)
      • Robert Matterson, President (1915–1916)
      • Griffith W Rogers, President (1916–1917)
      • Henry Cotton, President (1917–1918)
      • Samuel Clark, President (1918–1919)
      • James PendlReebury, President (1919–1920)
      • George Robson, President (1920–1921)
      • Arthur J Lennard, President (1921–1922)
      • Charles S Lucas, President (1922–1923)
      • John W Househam, President (1923–1924)
      • John W Watkinson, President (1924–1925)
      • Frederick Holmes, President (1925–1926)
      • Andrew Graham, President (1926–1927)
      • Theo R Curnick BD, President (1927–1928)
      • William Flint DD, President (1928–1929)
      • Geo H P Jacques, President (1929–1930)
      • Allen Lea, President (1930–1931)
      • Ernest Titcomb, President (1931–1932)
      • John A Allcock, President (1932–1933)
      • William Meara, President (1933–1934)
      • Henry W Goodwin, President (1934–1935)
      • Thomas Stanton, President (1935–1936)
      • A Arthur Wellington, President (1936–1937)
      • William Meara, President (1937–1938)
      • Edwin Bottrill, President (1938–1939)
      • Lorenzo S H Wilkinson, President (1939–1940)
      • William Eveleigh, President (1940–1941)
      • William B Allcock, President (1941–1942)
      • Arnold Nichols, President (1942–1943)
      • William W Shilling, President (1943–1944)
      • William Whalley, President (1944–1945)
      • William Meara, President (1945–1946)
      • Cecil C Harris, President (1946–1947)
      • E Lyn Cragg, President (1947–1948)
      • Edward W Grant, President (1948–1949)
      • Joseph B Webb, President (1949–1950)
      • Stanley Le Grove-Smith, President (1950–1951)
      • Alison E F Garrett, President (1951–1952)
      • J Wesley Hunt, President (1952–1953)
      • Herbert W Rist, President (1953–1954)
      • Joseph B Webb, President (1954–1955)
      • Stanley B Sudbury, President (1955–1956)
      • William Illsley, President (1956–1957)
      • Clifford K Storey, President (1957–1958)
      • C Edgar Wilkinson, President (1958–1959)
      • Leslie A Hewson, President (1959–1960)
      • Frank H Edmonds, President (1960–1961)
      • Joseph B Webb, President (1961–1962)
      • Deryck P Dugmore, President (1962–1963)
      • Stanley G Pitts, President (1963–1964)
      • Seth M Mokitimi, President (1964–1965)
      • Wilfred W Hartley, President (1965–1966)
      • Robert C Bellis, President (1966–1967)
      • L G S Griffiths, President (1967–1968)
      • Cyril Wilkins, President (1968–1969)
      • Derrick W Timm, President (1969–1970)
      • C Edgar Wilkinson, President (1970–1971)
      • Alex L Boraine, President (1971–1972)
      • Stanley G Pitts, President (1972–1973)
      • Jotham C Mvusi, President (1973–1974)
      • Vivian W Harris, President (1974–1975)
      • Abel E Hendricks, President (1975–1976)
      • Charles R Stephenson, President (1976–1977)
      • Abel E Hendricks, President (1977–1978)
      • Donald C Veysie, President (1978–1979)
      • Andrew M Losaba, President (1979–1980)
      • Howard F Kirby, President (1980–1981)
      • T Simon N Gqubule, President (1981–1982)
      • Khoza E M Mgojo, President (1982–1983)
      • Fremont C Louw, President (1983–1984)
      • Peter J Storey, President (1984–1985)
      • Ernest N Baartman, President (1985–1986)
      • John P Scholtz, President (1986–1987)
      • Khoza E M Mgojo, President (1987–1988)
      • M Stanley Mogoba, President (1988–1998)
      • H Mvume Dandala, President (1998–2003)
    • General Secretary
      • Alfred T Rhodes, General Secretary (1899–1901)
      • Ezra Nuttal, General Secretary (1901–1904)
      • Arthur P Chaplin, General Secretary (1904–1905)
      • Charles Pettman, General Secretary (1905–1911)
      • Henry Cotton, General Secretary (1911–1917)
      • James Robb, General Secretary (1917–1920)
      • John W Househam, General Secretary (1920–1923)
      • William H P Clulow, General Secretary (1923–1926)
      • Alfred A Stile, General Secretary (1926–1927)
      • William H P Clulow, General Secretary (1927–1928)
      • Thomas Stanton, General Secretary (1928–1934)
      • Arthur C File, General Secretary (1934–1938)
      • William H Irving, General Secretary (1938–1939)
      • Arthur C File, General Secretary (1939–1940)
      • William H Irving, General Secretary (1940–1942)
      • Edward W Grant, General Secretary (1942–1943)
      • F J Rhead Marsh, General Secretary (1943–1945)
      • Alison E F Garrett, General Secretary (1945–1951)
      • Stanley B Sudbury, General Secretary (1951–1953)
      • Frank H Edmonds, General Secretary (1953–1960)
      • Lloyd G Griffiths, General Secretary (1960–1961)
      • Alison E F Grant, General Secretary (1961–1962)
      • Stanley B Sudbury, General Secretary (1962–1973)
      • Cyril Wilkins, General Secretary (1973–1982)
      • M Stanley Mogoba, General Secretary (1982–1988)
      • Vivian Harris, General Secretary (1988–2001)

Other Protestant[edit]

  • Uniting Church in Australia
    • President
      • Davis McCaughey, President (1977–1979)
      • Winston O’Reilly, President (1979–1982)
      • Rollie Busch, President (1982–1985)
      • Ian Tanner, President (1985–1988)
      • Ronald Wilson, President (1988–1991)
      • H. D'Arcy Wood, President (1991–1994)
      • Jill Tabart, President (1994–1997)
      • John E Mavor, President (1997–2000)
      • James Haire, President (2000–2003)
    • General Secretary
      • Winston O’Reilly, General Secretary (1977–1979)
      • David Gill, General Secretary (1980–1988)
      • Gregor Henderson, General Secretary (1989–2001)

Anglicanism[edit]

Provinces of the Anglican Communion[edit]

Continuing Anglicanism[edit]

Other Christian or Christian-derived faiths[edit]

Hinduism[edit]

Jayendra Saraswathi

Islam[edit]

Sunni Islam[edit]

Shia Islam[edit]

Ismaili Shī‘ism[edit]

Ahmadiyya Islam[edit]

Judaism and related[edit]

Asia
Europe
North America

Other[edit]

West Asian origin[edit]

  • W.A.P.I. Zoroastrians (Iranian Zoroastrians) –
    • Areez P. Khambatta, Presdident

Bahá'í[edit]

Jainism[edit]

  • Svetambara Jainism –
    • Dalcand, Acarya (1897–1909)
    • Kaluram, Acarya (1909–1936)
    • Tulsi, Acarya (1936–1994)
    • Mahaprajna, Acarya (1994–2010)

Sikhism[edit]

  • Sri Akal Takht Sahib
    • Arur Singh Naushshera, Jathedar (1907-1920)
    • Teja Singh Ji Bhuchar, Jathedar (1920–1921)
    • Teja Singh Ji Akerpuri, Jathedar (1921–1923, 1926–1930)
    • Udham Singh Ji Nagoki, Jathedar (1923–1924)
    • Bhai Acchar Singh Ji, Jathedar (1924–1925)
    • Didar Singh Ji, Jathedar (about a month in 1926)
    • Jawaher Singh Ji, Jathedar (very short period in 1926)
    • Giani Gurmukh Singh Ji Musaffer, Jathedar (1930-1931)
    • Mohan singh Ji Nagoki, Jathedar (1931-1938)
    • Giani Partap Singh Ji, Jathedar (1938-1948)
    • Bhai Sadhu Singh Ji Bhaura, Jathedar (1948-1963)
    • Gurdial Singh Ji Ajnoha, Jathedar (1980-1983)
    • Bhai Kirpal Singh Ji, Jathedar (1963-1965, 1983-1986)
    • Darshan Singh Ji, Jathedar (1986)
    • Bhai Jasbir Singh Ji Rodae, Jathedar (1986)
    • Bhai Gurdev Singh Ji Kaunke, Jathedar (1986-1990s)
    • Manjit Singh Ji, Jathedar
    • Bhai Ranjit Singh Ji, Jathedar
    • Giani Puran singh Ji, Jathedar
    • Joginder Singh Ji Vadanti, Jathedar
    • Gurbachan Singh Ji, Jathedar

Note: Some religions reject the idea of having a leader or leading council in such a way that they can not be listed. When possible/plausible a leading figure will be named, but in some cases this will not be possible or desirable.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Bishop Alma White: Founder of Pillar of Fire Dies at 84". Associated Press. June 27, 1946. "Bound Brook, New Jersey, June 26, 1946 (Associated Press) Bishop Alma White, founder of the Pillar of Fire Church and author of thirty-five religious tracts and some 200 hymns, died here today at the headquarters of the religious group at near-by Zarephath. Her age was 84." 
  2. ^ "Bishop Arthur White, 92, Dies. Headed Pillar of Fire Church.". New York Times. September 18, 1981. Retrieved July 21, 2007. "Bishop Arthur K. White, president and general superintendent of the Pillar of Fire Church in Zarephath, New Jersey, died Monday at his home in Zarephath. He was 92 years old." 
  3. ^ "Donald Wolfram moved souls during street services". Denver Post. Retrieved July 21, 2007. "Donald Wolfram, who was an early participant in religious street meetings in Lower Downtown Denver, died Monday of pancreatic cancer. Wolfram, 83, was a lifelong member of the Pillar of Fire Church, and as a young man, he joined other members for religious meetings in downtown Denver. The meetings resembled those of the Salvation Army, with a band and speaker. Wolfram usually played the trumpet or trombone, said his daughter, Suzanne Wolfram. Eventually, he learned to play about a ..." 
  4. ^ "Preacher, racer are two of a kind. Dallenbach brothers follow different roads that intersect with love.". Denver Post. April 30, 1990. Retrieved July 21, 2007. "It's quite a spin from Wally's life as a race-car driver to the Rev. Robert Dallenbach's small Pillar of Fire Church, where drinking, dancing and smoking are forbidden. While Wally directs Denver's Grand Prix races this August, his older brother likely will be a few blocks away, preaching at Alma Temple. The Reverend Bob wears a charcoal-gray suit and Roman collar. His 8-year-old, church-owned Ford station wagon bears license tag ... But things aren't always what they seem with the brothers Dallenbach ..." 
  5. ^ The Methodist Church Ghana (1835-2005): 170th Anniversary Souvenir Brochure. Accra, 2005

External links[edit]