List of reptiles of Canada

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The Western Skink, Plestiodon skiltonianus skiltonianus, is found in southern British Columbia
The Five-lined Skink, Plestiodon fasciatus, finds home in the Great Lakes region of Ontario

This is a list of the reptiles species recorded in Canada. Most species are confined to the southernmost parts of the country[citation needed]. Canadian reptiles are composed of squamates and testudines.

Conservation status - IUCN Red List of Threatened Species:

EX - Extinct, EW - Extinct in the Wild
CR - Critically Endangered, EN - Endangered, VU - Vulnerable
NT - Near Threatened, LC - Least Concern
DD - Data Deficient, NE - Not Evaluated
(v. 2013.2, the data is current as of March 5, 2014[1])


Order Squamata[edit]

Of the order Squamata, lizards and snakes are represented. There are no known amphisbaenids native to Canada.

Snakes (Suborder Serpentes)[edit]

Snakes are the best-represented group of reptiles in Canada, with 35 varieties in three families. They can be found in all provinces and territories except Yukon, Nunavut, and Newfoundland and Labrador.

Lizards (Suborder Lacertilia)[edit]

Lizards are far fewer in number, with seven native and eight total species found in Canada:

Order Testudines[edit]

Of the order Testudines, pond turtles are common in all of Canada's provinces, with the exception of Newfoundland and Labrador, which has sea turtles off its shores as does British Columbia.

Land and pond turtles[edit]

Sea turtles[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]