List of reservoirs by surface area

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This is a listing of the reservoirs (artificial lakes) in the world with a surface area exceeding 500 km2 (190 sq mi). Reservoirs can be formed conventionally, by damming the outlet of a canyon or valley to form a lake; the largest of this type is Ghana's Lake Volta, with a water surface of 8,500 km2 (3,300 sq mi). Reservoirs can also be formed by damming the outlets of natural lakes to regulate water levels, such as those at Uganda's Owen Falls Dam (Lake Victoria) and Russia's Irkutsk Dam (Lake Baikal). These are included and indicated with light blue cell background.

Large reservoir area does not necessarily coincide with large volume, as reservoirs with a large area tend to be shallow, such as at Suriname's 1,560 km2 (600 sq mi) Brokopondo Reservoir, with an average depth of just 13 m (43 ft). In comparison, Canada's Kinbasket Lake, with an average depth of 58 m (190 ft), has a volume 25 percent greater – but with a surface area of just 430 km2 (170 sq mi), does not meet the cutoff for inclusion in this list.

List[edit]

Name Country Dam Outflow Surface area Ref Image
km2 mi2
Lake Victoria[n 1]  Kenya
 Tanzania
 Uganda
Owen Falls Dam White Nile 66,400 25,600 [1] Nalubaale ETM 2001-11-27.jpg
Irkutsk Reservoir
Lake Baikal[n 2]
 Russia Irkutsk Dam Angara River 32,000 12,000 [2] Irkutsk ISS011-E-9913.jpg
Lake Winnipeg[n 3]  Canada Jenpeg Dam Nelson River 24,420 9,430 [3] Hecla Island and Provincial Park in Lake Winnipeg Manitoba (11).JPG
Lake Volta  Ghana Akosombo Dam Volta River 8,500 3,300 [4] Volta lake.jpg
Smallwood Reservoir  Canada Multiple Churchill River 6,527 2,520 [5] Churchill fallslabrador.jpg
Reindeer Lake[n 4]  Canada Whitesand Dam Reindeer River 6,500 2,500 [6]
Kuybyshev Reservoir  Russia Zhiguli Dam Volga River 6,450 2,490 Kazan roots and Volga.JPG
Lake Kariba  Zambia
 Zimbabwe
Kariba Dam Zambezi River 5,580 2,150 [7] Lake Kariba, Zambia (2518038663).jpg
Bukhtarma Reservoir  Kazakhstan Bukhtarma Dam Irtysh River 5,490 2,120 [8]
Bratsk Reservoir  Russia Bratsk Dam Angara River 5,470 2,110 [9] Bratsk Reservoir View 2007.jpg
Lake Nasser  Egypt Aswan Dam Nile 5,200 2,000 [10] Aswan, Egypt LakeNasser 2007jan15. 07 byDanielCsorfoly.JPG
Rybinsk Reservoir  Russia Rybinsk Dam Volga River 4,550 1,760 [11] Rybinsk Reservoir in April.jpg
Caniapiscau Reservoir  Canada Multiple Caniapiscau River 4,318 1,667 [12] Pano Caniapiscau Reservoir.jpg
Lake Guri  Venezuela Guri Dam Caroni River 4,250 1,640 Embalse Guri.JPG
Sobradinho Reservoir  Brazil Sobradinho Dam São Francisco River 4,225 1,631 [13] Barragem de Sobradinho-BA.jpg
Volgograd Reservoir  Russia Volga Dam Volga River 3,117 1,203 Shcherbakovskaya Bay 001.JPG
Lago Tucuruí  Brazil Tucuruí Dam Tocantins River 2,875 1,110 [14] Hidrelétrica de Tucuruí.jpg
Robert-Bourassa Reservoir  Canada Robert-Bourassa Dam La Grande River 2,815 1,087 [12] Robert-Bourassa Reservoir.jpg
Tsimlyansk Reservoir  Russia Tsimlyansky Dam Don River 2,702 1,043 [15] Tsimlyansk res.jpg
Cahora Bassa Lake  Mozambique Cahora Bassa Dam Zambezi River 2,665 1,029 [16] Cahorabassadam.jpg
La Grande-3 Reservoir  Canada La Grande-3 Dam La Grande River 2,536 979 [12]
Vilyuy Reservoir  Russia Vilyuy Dam Vilyuy River 2,501 966 Vilyuy River Dam Chernyshevsky.jpg
Balbina Reservoir  Brazil Balbina Dam Uatumã River 2,360 910 [14] Balbina Dam-2.jpg
Sanmenxia Reservoir  China Sanmenxia Dam Yellow River 2,350 910 Smxgongcheng zengmian.jpg
Boguchany Reservoir  Russia Boguchany Dam Angara River 2,326 898 Boges11.JPG
Sérgio Motta Reservoir  Brazil Eng Sérgio Motta Dam Paraná River 2,250 870 Rio Parana.jpg
Cheboksary Reservoir  Russia Cheboksary Dam Volga River 2,190 850
Kakhovka Reservoir  Ukraine Kakhovka Dam Dnieper River 2,155 832 [17]
Kremenchuk Reservoir  Ukraine Kremenchuk Dam Dnieper River 2,150 830 Landsat Kremenchuk Water Reservoir.jpeg
Lake Argyle  Australia Ord River Dam Ord River 2,072 800 [18] Lake Arglye Dam Wall DSC03854.JPG
Krasnoyarsk Reservoir  Russia Krasnoyarsk Dam Yenisei River 2,000 770 [19] Tepsey.JPG
Manicouagan Reservoir  Canada Daniel-Johnson Dam Manicouagan River 1,973 762 [12] Manicouagan-EO.JPG
Ust-Ilimsk Reservoir  Russia Ust-Ilimsk Dam Angara River 1,922 742 Ust-Ilimsk1.jpg
Kama Reservoir  Russia Kama Dam Kama River 1,915 739 Камское водохранилище.PNG
Kapchagay Reservoir  Kazakhstan Kapchagay Dam Ili River 1,847 713 Kapchagay Reservoir.jpg
Saratov Reservoir  Russia Balakovo Dam Volga River 1,831 707 Саратовская ГЭС.jpg
Williston Lake  Canada W.A.C. Bennett Dam Peace River 1,773 685 [20] Williston lake aerial.JPG
Yacyretá Reservoir  Argentina
 Paraguay
Yacyretá Dam Paraná River 1,600 620 [21] Central vista externa en gris.jpg
Lake Sakakawea  United States Garrison Dam Missouri River 1,539 594 [22] Lake sakakawea.jpg
Lake Oahe  United States Oahe Dam Missouri River 1,515 585 [22] Lake Oahe.jpg
Brokopondo Reservoir  Suriname Afobaka Dam Suriname River 1,500 580 [23] Brokopondo Lake Suriname.jpg
Furnas Reservoir  Brazil Furnas Dam Grande River 1,473 569 [24] FurnasReservoir01.JPG
Itaipu Reservoir  Brazil
 Paraguay
Itaipu Dam Paraná River 1,350 520 [25] Vista Aerea Itaipu.jpg
Laforge-1 Reservoir  Canada Laforge-1 Dam Laforge River 1,288 497 [26] LF1 Feb2006.JPG
Nechako Reservoir  Canada Kenney Dam Nechako River 1,200 460 [27]
Ilha Solteira Reservoir  Brazil Ilha Solteira Dam Paraná River 1,195 461 [28] Ilha Solteira Dam.jpg
Votkinsk Reservoir  Russia Votkinsk Dam Kama River 1,120 430 Воткинское водохранилище - верхний бьеф.JPG
Nizhnekamsk Reservoir  Russia Nizhnekamsk Dam Kama River 1,084 419 Nishnekamsk reservoir Naberezhnye Chelny.JPG
Three Gorges Reservoir  China Three Gorges Dam Yangtze River 1,084 419 [29] Three Gorges Dam, Yangtze River, China.jpg
Novosibirsk Reservoir  Russia Novosibirsk Dam Ob River 1,072 414 [30] Morenovosib1.jpg
Jebel Aulia Reservoir  Sudan Jebel Aulia Dam White Nile 1,051 406 [31]
Danjiangkou Reservoir  China Danjiangkou Dam Han River 1,050 410 [32]
Três Marias Reservoir  Brazil Três Marias Dam São Francisco River 1,040 400 [33] Abaeté River.PNG
Pipmuacan Reservoir  Canada Bersimis-1 Dam Betsiamites River 978 378 Pipmuacan Reservoir ISS015-E-6926.JPG
Fort Peck Lake  United States Fort Peck Dam Missouri River 976 377 [22] Fort Peck Dam (Fort Peck Montana) 1986 01.jpg
Kiev Reservoir  Ukraine Kiev Dam Dnieper River 922 356 Landsat Kiev Water Reservoir1.JPG
Chardara Reservoir  Kazakhstan Chardara Dam Syr Darya 900 350 [34]
El Chocón Reservoir  Argentina El Chocón Dam Limay River 860 330 ISS012-E-13151 Limay River, El Chocón.jpg
Truman Reservoir  United States Harry S. Truman Dam Osage River 848 327 [35] USACE Harry S Truman Dam Missouri.jpg
Luiz Gonzaga Reservoir  Brazil Luiz Gonzaga Dam São Francisco River 828 320 [36] Luiz Gonzaga Reservoir.JPG
Lake Atatürk Dam  Turkey Atatürk Dam Euphrates River 817 315 Landsat ataturk 24aug02 57m.jpg
Srisailam Reservoir  India Srisailam Dam Krishna River 800 310 SrisailamDam01-India.jpg
Itumbiara Reservoir  Brazil Itumbiara Dam Paranaíba River 778 300 [37] RioParanaiba-Furnas-RepresadeItumbiara-2007.JPG
La Grande-4 Reservoir  Canada La Grande-4 Dam La Grande River 765 295 [38] LG4 Feb2006.JPG
Toledo Bend Reservoir  United States Toledo Bend Dam Sabine River 736 284 [27] View of Toledo Bend between LA and TX IMG 1806.JPG
Hirakud Reservoir  India Hirakud Dam Mahanadi River 743 287 [39] Left Hirakud.jpg
Emborcação Reservoir  Brazil Emborcação Dam Paranaíba River 703 271
Lake Powell  United States Glen Canyon Dam Colorado River 689 266 [40] Arizona, Lake Powell 01.jpg
Kaniv Reservoir  Ukraine Kaniv Dam Dnieper River 675 261
Keban Reservoir  Turkey Keban Dam Euphrates 675 261 KebanDam.JPG
São Simão Reservoir  Brazil São Simão Dam Paranaíba River 674 260
Lake Mead  United States Hoover Dam Colorado River 659 254 [40] Starr 071224-0516 Tamarix sp..jpg
Água Vermelha Reservoir  Brazil Água Vermelha Dam Grande River 650 250 [41]
Outardes-4 Reservoir  Canada Outardes-4 Dam Outardes River 625 241
Lake Assad  Syria Tabqa Dam Euphrates 610 240 Tabaqah assad.jpg
Mingachevir Reservoir  Azerbaijan Mingachevir Dam Kura River 605 234 Mingachevir Reservoir, Azerbaijan.JPG
Eastmain Reservoir  Canada Multiple Eastmain River 603 233 [42] Eastmain Reservoir, Quebec.jpg
Dniprodzerzhynsk Reservoir  Ukraine Dniprodzerzhynsk Dam Dnieper River 567 219 Landsat Dniprodzerzhynsk Reservoir.JPG
Kayrakkum Reservoir  Tajikistan Kayrakkum Dam Syr Darya 523 202 [43]
Capivara Reservoir  Brazil Capivara Dam Paranapanema River 515 199 [44]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Owen Falls Dam raised the level of Lake Victoria
  2. ^ Irkutsk Dam and Reservoir raised the level of Lake Baikal
  3. ^ Jenpeg Dam and a series of dikes and diversion channels are operated by Manitoba Hydro to maintain Lake Winnipeg as a storage reservoir for hydroelectricity generation.
  4. ^ Reindeer Lake raised slightly and outflow regulated by Whitesand Dam

References[edit]

  1. ^ Shalash, S. (June 1980). "Effect of Owen Falls Dam on the hydrological regime of Lake Victoria". International Association of Hydrological Sciences. Retrieved 2013-06-22. 
  2. ^ "Baikal in Questions and Answers". Bovo Zone. Retrieved 2013-06-22. 
  3. ^ "Lake Winnipeg Regulation". Manitoba Hydro. Retrieved 2013-06-22. 
  4. ^ "Lake Volta, Ghana". Review of tropical reservoirs and their fisheries. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. p. 85. Retrieved 2013-06-22. 
  5. ^ http://geocurrents.info/geonotes/massive-smallwood-reservoir-and-dry-waterfalls
  6. ^ http://esask.uregina.ca/entry/churchill_river.html
  7. ^ http://books.google.com/books?id=x66ppt1lkHoC&pg=PA100&lpg=PA100
  8. ^ http://books.google.com/books?id=CH3PY_LSOlAC&pg=PA235&lpg=PA235
  9. ^ http://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007%2FBF01425127.pdf#page-1
  10. ^ http://www.isprs.org/proceedings/XXXVI/part7/PDF/067.pdf
  11. ^ http://137.227.231.90/pubs/center/pdfdocs/chuiko_07_chemosphere.pdf
  12. ^ a b c d http://www.hydroquebec.com/learning/hydroelectricite/gestion-eau.html
  13. ^ http://wldb.ilec.or.jp/data/databook_html/sam/sam-10.html
  14. ^ a b http://www.worldlakes.org/uploads/26_Tucurui_Reservoir_27February2006.pdf
  15. ^ http://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1134%2FS2079096112030110.pdf#page-1
  16. ^ http://www.iceida.is/media/pdf/Cahora-Bassa-Evaluation-report.pdf
  17. ^ http://www.eosnap.com/tag/kakhovka-reservoir/
  18. ^ http://books.google.com/books?id=Wsc7QyfWG_cC&pg=PA108&lpg=PA108
  19. ^ http://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007%2FBF02377857.pdf#page-1
  20. ^ http://www.bchydro.com/community/recreation_areas/williston.html
  21. ^ http://www.impregilo.it/en/yacyreta-hydroelectric-project
  22. ^ a b c http://www.nwd-mr.usace.army.mil/rcc/projdata/summaryengdat.pdf
  23. ^ http://www.researchgate.net/publication/230324510_Notes_on_the_Fishery_Potential_and_Fish_Fauna_of_the_Brokopondo_Reservoir_%28Surinam%29
  24. ^ http://www.eurekalert.org/multimedia/pub/34659.php?from=190943
  25. ^ http://www.itaipu.gov.br/en/energy/reservoir
  26. ^ http://www.hydrosustainability.org/getattachment/a503dcfc-b8f2-4743-8855-be0c7e822cf0/La-Grande-%28LaForge-1%29,-Canada.aspx
  27. ^ a b http://www.neef.ca/Content/Reference%20Library/2009%20Nechako%20Watershed%20Bibliography%20Report/Nechako%20Reservoir/7590_Winsbyetal1998_TimberSalvage.pdf
  28. ^ http://wldb.ilec.or.jp/Lake.asp?LakeID=SSAM-056&RoutePrm=0%3A%3B4%3Aload%3B
  29. ^ http://www.biogeosciences.net/10/1219/2013/bg-10-1219-2013.pdf
  30. ^ http://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007%2FBF01545817.pdf#page-1
  31. ^ http://www.waterwatch.nl/fileadmin/bestanden/Project/Africa/0136_SD_2006_JebelAulia.pdf
  32. ^ http://books.google.com/books?id=mEyjMx7EV8IC&pg=PA1509&lpg=PA1509
  33. ^ http://fishtelemetry.com/case_studies.htm
  34. ^ http://mail.icwc-aral.uz/analysis/water/chardara_e.htm
  35. ^ http://www.lmvp.org/Lakes/Truman/ht99.pdf
  36. ^ http://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:BFALsqwqmKEJ:ecologia.icb.ufmg.br/~rpcoelho/Livro%2520Brasil_Alemanha/Cap_Br_De_Gunkel.doc+&cd=1&hl=en&ct=clnk&gl=us&client=firefox-a
  37. ^ http://www.furnas.com.br/hotsites/sistemafurnasingles/itumbiara_hidr_plant.asp
  38. ^ http://wldb.ilec.or.jp/Lake.asp?LakeID=SNAM-083&RoutePrm=0%3A%3B4%3Aload%3B
  39. ^ http://sambalpur.nic.in/hirakud%20dam.htm
  40. ^ a b http://pubs.usgs.gov/sir/2006/5252/section2.html
  41. ^ http://wldb.ilec.or.jp/Lake.asp?LakeID=SSAM-052&RoutePrm=0:%3B4:load%3B
  42. ^ http://www.eastmain1.org/en/research-project.html
  43. ^ http://www.birdlife.org/datazone/sitefactsheet.php?id=21861
  44. ^ http://wldb.ilec.or.jp/Lake.asp?LakeID=SSAM-049&RoutePrm=0%3A%3B4%3Aload%3B