List of residences of Presidents of the United States
This is a list of the private homes or vacation residences of the various Presidents of the United States. It does not include official residences (the White House, Camp David, or the former President's House in Philadelphia).
- 1 Private homes of the Presidents
- 2 Presidential vacation homes
- 2.1 Summer White House
- 2.2 Winter White House
- 2.3 Western White House
- 2.3.1 Franklin Delano Roosevelt
- 2.3.2 Dwight D. Eisenhower
- 2.3.3 Lyndon B. Johnson
- 2.3.4 Richard Nixon
- 2.3.5 Gerald Ford
- 2.3.6 Ronald Reagan
- 2.3.7 Bill Clinton
- 2.3.8 George W. Bush
- 2.3.9 Barack Obama
- 3 Notes
- 4 References
- 5 External links
Private homes of the Presidents
This is a list of homes where Presidents resided with their families before or after their term of office.
Presidential vacation homes
During their term of office, many Presidents have owned or leased vacation homes in various parts of the country, which are often called by journalists the "______ White House," depending on location or season.
Summer White House
A "Summer White House" is typically the name given to the regular vacation residence of the sitting President of the United States aside from Camp David, the mountain-based military camp in Frederick County, Maryland, used as a country retreat and for high-alert protection of Presidents and their guests.
Winter White House
A "Winter White House" is typically the name given to the regular winter vacation residence of the standing President of the United States aside from Camp David, the mountain-based military camp in Frederick County, Maryland, used as a country retreat and for high-alert protection of the President and his guests.
|1913–1914||Woodrow Wilson||Pass Christian, Mississippi|
|19231||Warren G. Harding||John Ringling Estate||Bird Key, Florida|
|1928–1929||Calvin Coolidge||Howard E. Coffin Estate||Sapelo Island, Georgia|
|1933–1944||Franklin D. Roosevelt||Little White House||Warm Springs, Georgia|
|1946–1952||Harry S. Truman||Harry S. Truman Little White House||Key West, Florida|
|1953–1960||Dwight D. Eisenhower||Eisenhower Cabin, Augusta National Golf Club||Augusta, Georgia|
|1961–1963||John F. Kennedy||La Guerida||Palm Beach, Florida|
|1969–1974||Richard M. Nixon||Florida White House||Key Biscayne, Florida|
|2009–present||Barack Obama||Plantation Estate||Kailua, Honolulu County, Hawaii|
Western White House
The Western White House is a term applied to additional residences of the President of the United States. It was used for the Crawford, Texas ranch of George W. Bush, known as Prairie Chapel Ranch, and the term has also been used by other chief executives for their homes, including Presidents Lyndon B. Johnson, Richard M. Nixon and Ronald Reagan.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt
Roosevelt was also the first President to use the Catoctin Mountain Park, Maryland, facility later named Camp David (named after President Dwight D. Eisenhower's grandson). Camp David is sometimes known as the "Weekend White House". The model for Camp David is Herbert Hoover's retreat known as Rapidan Camp (Camp Hoover).
Dwight D. Eisenhower
The first governmental spending on property improvements of private presidential residences was at Dwight Eisenhower’s Gettysburg farm, where the Secret Service added three guard posts to a fence. Federal law now allows the president to designate a residence outside of the White House as his temporary offices, so that federal money can be used to provide required facilities.
Lyndon B. Johnson
Texas White House
During the Johnson administration, the LBJ Ranch on the Pedernales River in Texas served as the Western White House. However, the Johnson home was, and still is referred to as the "Texas White House". The Johnson administration spent nearly 500 days (cumulative total) in residence at the LBJ Ranch at the Texas White House. President Johnson took the remote White House concept to a new level far surpassing the "Summer White House" idea.
Likewise, Richard Nixon and Ronald Reagan often retreated to their California homes during their presidencies. Nixon went to La Casa Pacifica in San Clemente, California. This home was officially dubbed the Western White House, and substantial Federal funds were used to make security, communications, and real estate improvements.
Ronald Reagan is the only Illinois born president to date. While he resided in several towns and homes in Illinois, Dixon is the town the Reagan family finally settled in when Ronald Reagan was only nine years old. His Boyhood Home at 816 S. Hennepin Avenue is preserved as it was when he resided there in 1920.
While Reagan spent nearly 1/8 of his presidency at his Rancho del Cielo in Santa Barbara County, California. Reagan also spent so much time at the Century Plaza Hotel in Los Angeles, that the press also dubbed the hotel the Western White House for a time.
Bill Clinton did not maintain a "Western White House" during his presidency (neither did he maintain a personal residence as Governor of Arkansas) choosing instead to spend most of his vacations in borrowed homes on Martha's Vineyard. Before leaving office, he and his wife, Hillary Rodham Clinton, purchased a home in New York.
George W. Bush
The most recent official Western White House was Prairie Chapel Ranch, the Crawford, Texas, home of George W. Bush. The Bush administration created a logo for the Western White House in August 2001. A sign with the logo had been hung in the press briefing area in Crawford at the start of each of Bush's August vacations; the blue oval sign bore the Seal of the President of the United States and read, "The Western White House / Crawford, Texas". The daily press operations in Crawford were set up in the gymnasium of Crawford Middle School, several miles from the Bush ranch in unincorporated McLennan County near Coryell. The iconic ramshackle barn seen behind correspondents as they did their live reports is actually the school's maintenance shed, and had no connection to the Western White House.
Speculation that the Obama home in the Kenwood neighborhood in Chicago would be used as the Western White House during Barack Obama's presidency when on August 23, 2009, he arrived in Martha's Vineyard to spend the week near Chapaquiddick.
Additional speculation that Plantation Estate in the Kailua neighborhood of Honolulu, Hawaii will become the Western White House has emerged as President Obama vacationed there as President-Elect in 2008, and now having made trips during every December as President.[dated info]
- 1.^ Harding died before he could vacation in Bird Key
- Purchased 1999. The Clintons did not own a separate residence while in the White House and, before that, the Arkansas Governor's Mansion.
- Purchased 2000. Dorothy Howell Rodham died there in 2011.
- Danny Hakim (October 11, 2006). "New Resident at Clinton Home, And She Has a Familiar Name". The New York Times. Retrieved March 28, 2010.
- Damon, Allan L. (June 1974). Presidential Expenses. Volume 25, Issue 4. American Heritage Magazine.
- 31 C.F.R. 408.2(c)
- "Around the Nation; Reagan designates ranch a 'Western White House'". The New York Times (Associate Press). 1981-02-05.
- "Texas Research Trip" (Website). The Hauenstein Center for Presidential Studies. Retrieved 2006-08-09.
- "Richard Nixon, Mortgagee". TIME Magazine. 1973-09-10. Retrieved 2006-08-25.
- Wyrick, Randy (2006-07-14). "Ford celebrates 93rd birthday in Vail". Vail Daily.
- "Pictures of the Week". Time. August 2001. Retrieved 2006-08-09.
- "Press Briefing by Scott McClellan" (Press release). The White House. 2001-08-09.
- PresidentialMuseums.com - Presidential museums, libraries, birthplaces, centers, and other notable places of historic importance.