List of rice varieties

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Worldwide there are more than 40,000 different varieties of rice, species name Oryza sativa. Here are some of the common and popular varieties.

Major categories[edit]

There are four major categories of rice worldwide: Indica, japonica, aromatic and glutinous.[1]

African varieties[edit]

Australian varieties[edit]

  • Amaroo - semi-dwarf medium grain
  • Reiziq - semi-dwarf medium grain
  • Jarrah - semi-dwarf medium grain
  • Koshihikari - tall short grain Japonica style
  • Lollypop rice - tall thin grain with small circle at the top
  • Opus - semi-dwarf short grain Japonica style
  • Illabong - semi-dwarf arborio style
  • Langi - semi-dwarf long grain, soft jade cooking (low amylose)
  • Doongara - semi-dwarf long grain, hard cooking (high amylose)
  • Kyeema - tall long grain, fragrant

Bangladeshi varieties[edit]

  • Chinigura Rice
  • Balam Dhan - This a group of local Aman rice varieties.
  • Bashmoti Rice
  • Kalijira Rice - similar to basmati and jasmine rice but with very tiny, short grains, resembling sushi rice
  • BINA Dhan - This is a group of high yielding rice varieties developed by Bangladesh Institute of Nuclear Agriculture.
  • Binni Rice
  • BrriDhan - This is a group of high yielding rice varieties developed by Bangladesh Rice Research Institute.
  • Digha Dhan- This a group of deepwater Aman rice varieties.
  • Hori Dhan
  • Irri Rice
  • Miniket Rice
  • Hamim
  • Balam-small Red
  • Balam-small White
  • Pakh Beruin
  • Khara Beruin
  • Raujan-1
  • Raujan-2
  • Kathali Beruin White
  • Kathali Beruin Red
  • Akia Beruin Red
  • Akia Beruin White
  • Modhu Beruin Red
  • Modhu Beruin White
  • Mou Beruin
  • Lathial-7 Red
  • Lathial-7 White
  • Lapha
  • Kalo Beruin
  • Shail dhan - This a group of exotic Aman rice varieties
  • pajam
  • katari bhog
  • thakur bhog
  • Sakhorkhana
  • Moulata
  • Matichak
  • Hail Girvi
  • Loha sura
  • Khato dosh
  • tepu dhan

Cambodian varieties[edit]

  • Phka Malis(ផ្កាម្លិះ) - Cambodia Jasmine Rice
  • Neang Khon(នាងខុន)
  • Phka Khnei(ផ្កាខ្ញី) - another fragrant variety, phka meaning "flower".
  • Neang Minh(នាងមិញ) - long grain rice
  • Phka Romdul(ផ្ការំដូល)
  • Bonla Pdao(បន្លាផ្ដៅ)
  • Sen Kro Ob(សែនក្រអូប)
  • Sen Pi Dao(សែនពិដោ)
  • Cammalis - extra long jasmine rice
  • Long Rice
  • Red Rice

Canadian varieties[edit]

Chinese varieties[edit]

black rice

Dominican varieties[edit]

French varieties[edit]

Indian varieties[edit]

Rice varieties of Karnataka

  • Jaya[6]
  • Thanu[7]
  • Tunga
  • IR-30864
  • BR-2655 (Produced in SFPP Project, VC Farm, Mandya, Karnataka, India)

Traditional Kerala rice varieties

  • Arikirai
  • Aryan(ml:ആര്യൻ)
  • Boli ari
  • Cheera thouvan
  • Chembaavu(ചെമ്പാവ്)
  • Chitteni (ml:ചിറ്റേനി)
  • Chenjeera
  • Chennellu
  • Cherumadan
  • Chuvanna Choman
  • Dhebi
  • Gandhakasala
  • Jeerakasala
  • Kunjuvithu
  • Kariyadukkan
  • Karutharikannan
  • Keeripallan
  • Kaattaazhi(കാറ്റാഴി)
  • Kumaro-athikkalaari(കുമരൊ അതിക്കലാരി )
  • Kochathikkalaari(കൊച്ചതിക്കലാരി)
  • Kodukayama
  • Kozhivalan
  • Kunjinellu
  • Kuppakayama
  • Kuttadan(കുറ്റാടൻ )
  • Malakkaran
  • Malakkannan
  • Matta Palakkad (പാലക്കാടന്‍ മട്ട)
  • Mundakan(മുണ്ടകൻ)
  • Modan,
  • Mundodan
  • Mundot
  • Munnayan
  • Paravalappan
  • Nallachennellu
  • Njavara
  • D1(Uma)
  • Odachan
  • Oryssa
  • Palliyaran
  • Ponnariyan
  • Punjakayama
  • Rajadhani
  • Rajakayama
  • Ratha choodi
  • Sughikayama
  • Thavalakkannan(ml:തവളക്കണ്ണൻ)
  • Thonnuran
  • Thottam
  • Thovvan
  • Undakayama
  • Vachan
  • Vattan (ml:വട്ടൻ)
  • Vayalthoova(വയൽത്തൂവ)
  • Vellachoman
  • Vellathovvan
  • Velutharikannan
  • Vellariyan
  • Wayanad Kayamma (കയമ്മ)

Assamese rice varieties

  • Bora, Malbhog
  • Manuhar
  • Bahadur
  • Kushal
  • Maniram
  • IR-8
  • Jahingia
  • Suwagmoni
  • Laodubi
  • Jaha
  • Naldubi, etc.

Tamil Nadu rice varieties

  • IR-20,IR-50,
  • Aduthurai(ADT)- 1 to 49, (ambasamudharam)Asd-1 to 19, improved white ponni, (coimbatore) Co- 1 to 43 etc.,
  • Seela Rice
  • Basmati tukda
  • Arwa
  • Parwmal
  • Surti kolam, kolam (Varieties of Gujrat)
  • Improved Samba Mahsuri
  • Akshayadhan[8]
  • Varadhan[9]
  • Kalinga III[10]
  • Katarni
  • Mal-bhog
  • Tulsi-manjari (black)
  • Mansoori
  • Mappillai Samba
  • Manakathai
  • Varalan
  • Karunguruvai
  • Seeraga Samba
  • Kundri Manisamba
  • Nalla Manisamba
  • Kullakaar
  • Poovan Samba
  • Kudavazhai
  • Kalarpaalai
  • Neelasamba
  • Kadaikazhuthan
  • Velchi
  • Norungan
  • Varappu Kudainchan
  • Mattaikkar
  • Thidakkal
  • Sadakar

Paddy Varieties conserved by CIKS

  • Sempalai
  • Sigappu kuzhiyadichan
  • Kallundai
  • Kuruvai Kalanchiyam
  • Chithiraikkar
  • Pattaraikkar
  • Periyavari
  • Kudaivazhai
  • Sivappu kuruvikar
  • Kattukuthalam
  • Karuppu nel
  • Kollikkar
  • Ondrarai samba
  • Ariyan nel
  • Kouni nel
  • Puzhuthiikar
  • Sooran Kuruvai
  • Vellaikkariyan
  • Koomvalai
  • Sandikar
  • Thinni
  • Maranel
  • Thooyamallee
  • Kitchili samba
  • Seeraga samba
  • Perungar
  • Mathimuni
  • Jil Jil Vaigunda
  • Kappakkar
  • Vaigunda
  • Pisini
  • Pattar pisin
  • Puzhuthi samba
  • Vadan samba
  • Kurangu samba
  • Kudhiraival samba
  • Kappa samba
  • Kallimadaiyan
  • Thangam samba
  • Samba
  • Kaliyan samba
  • Chengalpattu sirumani
  • Karunguruvai
  • Selam samba
  • Vellai chithiraikkar
  • Karuthakkar
  • Kandasel / Kandasali
  • Rasagadam
  • Kattu samba
  • Konakkuruvai
  • Kuzhiyadichan
  • Sornavali
  • Vellaikkuruvai
  • Kallurundaiyan
  • Sornavari
  • Kar samba
  • Mahate
  • Jirkudai
  • Kadaikazhuthan
  • Samba mosanam
  • Sempalai (D.K.M.)
  • Karthigai samba
  • Puzhuthikal
  • Kuruvaikalayan (ASD-4)
  • Lakshmi kajal
  • Mattaikkuruvai (ADT-26)
  • Arubatham samba (CO-21)
  • Sanna samba (ADT-13)
  • Veethivadangan (ASD-3)
  • Chithiraikar (Pondy)
  • Pitchavari
  • Muttakkar
  • Aruvadhan kodai
  • Sembilipanni
  • Vellaikkuruvai (Sobanapuram - Thuraiyur)
  • Katta samba
  • Vangu vellai
  • Cochin samba
  • Kollan samba
  • Valla arakkan
  • Navara
  • Vasaramundan
  • Veer adangan
  • Gandakesala
  • Chennel
  • Chomala
  • Njavara
  • Veliyan
  • Sigappu Jermany
  • Ottadai
  • Kuruvai
  • Kattu vaniyam
  • Katta samba
  • Kunthali
  • Kattanur Nel
  • Vellai Poonkar
  • Murugangar nel
  • Oazhava Katrazhai
  • Sureka
  • Pathrakali
  • Kamban samba
  • Sivappu chithiraikar
  • Mattai 110
  • Vellai nel
  • Rongalachi dhan
  • Chot dhan
  • Jogarnath dhan
  • Ninni dhan
  • Amsipiti dhan
  • Bhatta dhan
  • Biagunda dhan
  • Lendhi dhan
  • Oldisaur dhan
  • Bod dhan
  • Eravapandi (PTB-18)
  • Kalarpalai
  • Mottakur
  • Poongar
  • Kaividhai samba
  • Aravan Kuruva
  • Soolaikuruvai
  • Trichy (3)

Indonesian rice varieties/landraces[edit]

  • Cianjur Pandanwangi (aromatic)
  • Rajalele (semi-aromatic)
  • Peta
  • many deep swamp rice varieties of Kalimantan (Borneo)
  • dryland rice landraces of Java
  • Temanggung black rice
  • Padi Boy Rice
  • Padi Gadu (unhulled rice seed)
  • wulu
  • ondel
  • cempo
  • kebo
  • dharma ayu
  • pemuda idaman
  • Indramayu: Gropak
  • Ketan tawon
  • Gundelan ( Malang)
  • Merong ( pasuruan )
  • Simenep
  • Srimulih
  • Andel Jaran
  • Ketan Lusi
  • Ekor Kuda
  • Gropak ( Kulon Progo-Jogja)
  • Angkong
  • Bengawan
  • Engseng
  • Melati
  • Markoti
  • Longong
  • Rejung Kuning
  • Umbul-umbul
  • Tunjung
  • Rijal
  • Sri Kuning
  • Untup
  • Tumpang Karyo
  • Rangka Madu
  • Sawah Kelai
  • Tembaga
  • Tjina
  • Padi Hitam
  • Padi Gandamana
  • Padi Kidangsari
  • Padi Konyal
  • Padi Cere Unggul
  • Padi Cere Kuning
  • Padi Sari Wangi
  • Padi Pandan Wangi
  • Padi Mentik Wangi
  • Padi Mentik
  • Padi Mendali
  • Padi Sri Wulan
  • Padi Wangi Lokal
  • Rojolele
  • Siherang
  • Anak Daro
  • Cisokan
  • Ceredek Merah
  • Padi Kuning
  • Batang Piaman
  • Batang Lembang
  • Cisokan
  • Batang Ombilin
  • Induk Ayam
  • Jambur Urai
  • Padi Parak
  • Padi Putih
  • Sikadedek
  • Padi Suntiang
  • Tambun Data
  • Ceredek
  • Ceredek Putih asal Tanjung Balik
  • Padi Kutu
  • Ceredek asal Gaduang Surian
  • Ceredek Asal Talang Babungo

Iranian varieties[edit]

Many varieties of rice are cultivated in Iran. A few of them are listed below

Italian varieties[edit]

Japanese varieties[edit]

Lao / Thai varieties[edit]

Pakistani varieties[edit]

  • Super Basmati
  • Shaheen Basmati
  • Basmati 385
  • Basmati 198
  • PK 386 Long Grain Rice
  • Basmati 2000
  • KS 282 Non Basmati Long Grain Rice
  • Irri-9 Non Basmati Long Grain Rice
  • Irri-6 Non Basmati Long Grain Rice
  • Basmati 515
  • PS 2 Non Basmati Extra Long Grain Rice
  • Basmati Pak or Kernal Basmati
  • Basmati 370
  • KSK 434
  • KSK 133
  • D-98
  • DR 82
  • DR 83 Long Grain
  • Shadab
  • Khushbu
  • kasha basmati 167
  • shahi basmati 451
  • PSP 2001
  • Himsha basmati 67
  • SD-D34 basmati
  • Zaiqa HT-1215

Portuguese varieties[edit]

  • Arroz da terra
  • Ponta rubra
  • Valtejo
  • Ariete

Philippine varieties[edit]


  • 80 other varieties which include Red, Brown, Black, White, Glutinous rice

Sri Lankan varieties[edit]

Spanish varieties[edit]

Bomba Rice.

Thai varieties[edit]

United States varieties[edit]

California varieties[edit]

Carolina varieties[edit]

Louisiana varieties[edit]

Vietnamese varieties[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Egyptian Rice Varieties Giza 177 Giza 178 Giza 179 Sakha 101 Sakha 102 Sakha 103 Sakha 104 Sakha 105 Sakha 106 Egyptian Yasmin