List of road accidents records serious road accidents: those that have a large death toll, occurred in unusual circumstances, or have some other historical significance. For crashes that killed famous people, refer to List of people who died in road accidents. The prevalence of bus accidents in this list is a function of severity rather than of frequency.
1771 France – Nicolas-Joseph Cugnot's second steam-powered vehicle is said to have crashed into a wall during a test run, in what would have been the first automobile accident. However, it is disputed that this ever happened. According to Georges Ageon the earliest mention of this occurrence dates from 1801 and it does not feature in contemporary accounts.
August 31, 1869 UK (Ireland)– While riding as a passenger with relatives in an experimental steam car, Mary Ward was thrown from the car and fell under the wheels as it rounded a bend. This is believed to be the first recorded automobile death. The car was built by her cousins, the sons of William Parsons, 3rd Earl of Rosse.
1891 US. John William Lambert, was involved in the first automobile accident in American history. The accident occurred in Ohio City, Ohio. Lambert's vehicle—the first single-cylinder gasoline automobile, which was carrying Lambert and James Swoveland, hit a tree root, causing the car to careen out of control and smash into a hitching post. Injuries from this accident were minor.
17 August 1896 UK – Bridget Driscoll is the first person to die in a petrol-engined car accident, and the first pedestrian victim of an automobile accident in the United Kingdom. As she crossed the grounds of the Crystal Palace in London, she was struck by an automobile belonging to the Anglo-French Motor Carriage Company that was being used to give demonstration rides.
December 4 UK – Gillingham bus disaster, Gillingham, Kent, England.
During evening in a badly-lit area, a bus hits a company of fifty-two young members of the Royal Marines Volunteer Cadet Corps, aged between ten and thirteen years. 24 cadets were killed and 18 injured; at the time it was the greatest loss of life of any road accident in British history. The crash was later ruled accidental.
29 September Netherlands – The brakes and gear box of a Belgian tourist bus fail on the downhill slope of the Cauberg, near Valkenburg aan de Geul. The uncontrollable vehicle hits a pedestrian, then a monument and a building. 12 people are killed instantly, 7 (including the pedestrian) die in hospital.
12 November, island of Reunion – The brakes of a bus fail on the downhill slope of Plateau-Caillou, in Saint-Paul. 54 people are killed, 23 instantly.
22 December Greece –: A suburban bus from Ioannina to Chouliarades carrying 34 people (32 passengers, 1 driver, 1 conductor) failed to complete a manoeuvre on the steep road near the village of Petrovouni, Ioannina and subsequently fell down the 350m slope to Arachthos gorge. 29 people of which 7 minors perished in the accident.
July 24 – A charter bus collides with a regular route bus, the charter bus plunging 270 feet into a valley along the toll road of Mount Hiei, Ōtsu, Shiga, Japan, killing 30 people and injuring another 18.
September 14 – A truck struck a suburban bus which subsequently crashed on an olive tree between Athens and Korinth. The accident claimed 11 lives (10 passengers and the driver).
– December 14. 20 schoolchildren were killed in a bus-train collision two miles east and a mile south of Evans, Colorado. The bus driver had stopped at the rural track but did not see or hear the train arriving. The bus had almost passed over the track when it was struck by the train.
– February 7 – A bus in Northland Region, New Zealand leaves the road and hits a pole, killing 15 people. This is considered the worst road accident in New Zealand history.
– April 7 Kenya – A bus returning from an African church meeting plunges into the Tiva River, Mitaboni, Machakos, Kenya, killing at least 72 people.
– June 10 United States – An open truck carrying 49 Boy Scouts and leaders stalls while climbing a hill en route to Hole in the Rock, Utah, loses its brakes, and plunges into Carcass Wash, killing 13 people.
25 July Germany – A bus carrying Belgian children from vacation plunges off a West Germanautobahn bridge and crashes on its roof. 33 people are killed, including 27 children and the bus driver who fell asleep behind the wheel. Only 4 people survive.
June 6 Philippines – A regular route bus navigating a sharp descending curve on a narrow mountain road near Baler, Aurora, Quezon, Philippines, plunges into a ravine and bursts into flames. 40 people are killed and another 32 are injured.
June 21 Syria – An overcrowded vehicle carrying 35 workers crashes at Mahradah, Al-Amam, killing 25 people.
February 18 Egypt – A crowded bus carrying 90 students overturns and plunges into an irrigation canal at Banha, Kfar Saad, Egypt, killing 77 people.
March 22 United States – In Congers, New York on Gilchrest Road, five Nyack High School students are killed and 44 injured when a train hits a school bus that failed to stop at a crossing. This incident caused New York State to require school vehicles to stop at all railroad crossings.
25 August Netherlands – In a sudden dense fog on highway A16 near Prinsenbeek, many cars and trucks collide. 13 lives are lost in the crash and subsequent fires. After this accident, a fog warning system was installed along the route. Nevertheless, almost 20 years later a similar accident happened.
January 1 Japan – A charter bus carrying 62 passengers plunged 100 feet into Aoki Lake, Omachi, Nagano, Japan, killing 24 people.
March 1 Kenya – An explosion in a Nairobi-Mombasa regular route bus in downtown Nairobi, Kenya, was blamed on Kenyan People Liberation Front, a terrorist group. 26 people killed, another 60 injured.
April 20 Italy – At least 27 vehicles crashed within 15 minutes on the Naples-Caserta expressway Autostrada del Sole on the outskirts of Naples, Italy, killing 11 people and injuring 53.
June 15 Austria – A bus carrying elderly tourists plunged 120 feet into a ravine on the outskirts of Villach, Carinthia, Austria, killing 21 people and injuring 23.
July 29 Mexico – A bus carrying religious pilgrims plunged 200 feet down the side of mountain before coming to rest. The crash was at Chalma, Veracruz, Mexico, killing 18 people and injuring 30.
13 September – A crowded bus plunges off a cliff in Costa Rica, killing 48 people.
August 22 Brazil – Former president Juscelino Kubitschek is killed when his car lost control and crashes against a truck on the Dutra Highway. His driver is also killed.
October 31 Indonesia – A tourist bus head-on collides with a mini bus at outskirt of Bogor, West Java, Indonesia, in an incident caused when the tourist bus has brake failure, killing 34 people and injuring 25.
November 14 Brazil – A bus carrying municipal election candidate and supporters has plunged into river near ferry terminal at Manaus-Itacoatiara expressway, Uruara, Pará, Brazil, killing 38 people.
December 21 France – A school bus carrying mentally handicapped children returning from a class in making Christmas ornaments at the Édouard Séguin Children Medical Center, plunged into the River Rhone, on the outskirts of Lyon, France, with at least 13 people killed.
June 9 – A truck crashes into a crowd at a downtown Moscow bus stop, killing eight people and injuring 18.
July 7 Pakistan. A bus carrying 44 cadets of Pakistan Military Academy, on an excursion, skidded off the road plunging into a 1000 ft deep ravine, near Nathiagali, killing 16 cadets including a Saudi cadet. 28 Cadets were injured seriously along with their Platoon Commander Major Shujjat (a war Hero); they were rescued by cadets of the Pakistan Airforce and civilians including the famous actress Neelo.
August 11 Japan – According to the Japanese National Police Agency and NHK television, a charter bus plunged 120 feet into a ravine at Nagatoro bridge, Kofu, Yamanashi Prefecture, Japan, killing 11 people; another 39 are injured.
January 22 Poland – A truck with steel elements collided with crowded bus of PKS (Polish Road Transport) - killed 15 people and seriously injured 14.
March 9 Brazil – A Brasília-São Paulo regular route bus collided with a gasoline tank truck on the Faria Lima expressway near Barretos in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. The bus driver swerved and lost control, and the vehicle burst into flames, killing 19. Another five are injured.
June 29 Pakistan – According to the Associated Press of Pakistan, a bus carrying more than 100 women and children plunges into a canal in Upper Jhelam, near Mirpur, Kashmir of Pakistan, and at least 90 people drown as a result.
June 29 Romania – a bus carrying 83 people went off a bridge and overturned into a deep marsh near Huţani, a village in Vlădenicommune, Botoşani County, killing 48 people and injuring 35.
April 9 Nicaragua –; An Nicaraguan Army's jeep and head-on collided with a regular route bus at outskirt of Estelí, Nicaragua, killing twenty people and injuring forty.
April 14 India – A bus carrying Hindu pilgrims swerved to the left of the road, and navigating a turn with brakes failed, caught fire at Srisailam, Andhra Pradesh, India, killing 61 people.
July 7 India – A bus skidded off the road and plunged into a deep gorge at outskirt of Kawanpui, Mizoram, India, killing 32 people and injuring 19.
August 12 India – An Uttar Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation regular route bus plunged into a 450-feet deep ravine along a mountain road in Pithorgarh, Uttar Pradesh, India, killing 43 people.
September 9 Brazil – A truck rammed a bus on an acute curve and forced it over a 330-foot cliff near Santos, state of São Paulo, Brazil, killing 29 people and injuring 14.
September 29 Spain – A head-on collision of a bus and a truck in Toledo province, Spain, kills at least 25 people.
January 21 Bangladesh – An overcrowded bus swerves to avoid a speeding truck and plunges nine meters off a bridge at Narayanganj, Isa Khan, Bangladesh, killing at least 28 people; another 40 are injured.
31 January Chile – Two buses collide and plunge into a gorge on the outskirts of Santiago, Chile, killing 14 people and injuring 70.
March 27 Mexico – A Toluca-Mexico City Passenger bus head-on collided with a trailer truck at outskirt of Mexico City, in an incident caused by condition of rain with narrow road, at least twenty-eight people dead and injuring 32.
1 August France – Two buses carrying children collide with cars and burst into flames in Beaune, France, killing 53 people, including 44 children. Worst highway crash in France.
12 September – A bus carrying German tourists collides with a train on a level crossing near Zürich, Switzerland, killing 39 people. The barriers were not closed, because the operator pressed a wrong button. Only two passengers survive the crash. It is the worst road accident in Switzerland to date.
13 September Monaco – Grace, Princess of Monaco drove her Rover P6 off of a serpentine roadway and down a mountainside, perhaps after suffering a stroke. She died the next day.
3 November – Hundreds are allegedly killed in the Salang tunnel fire in central Afghanistan, after a disaster involving a Soviet fuel convoy. Estimates are as great as 2,700 dead.
November 25 India – An overloaded truck spun out of control and flipped over near Kaitanol, Karnataka, India, killing at least 18 people and injuring 14.
December 26 – A passenger bus plunged into a river at Brahmanbari, Bangladesh, at least forty-five people dead and eighty injured.
February 11 – A Salonica-Athens express bus head-on collided with a truck at outskirt of Amfikleia, Phthiotis, Greece, in an incident caused by both vehicles exceeding the speed limit, killing seventeen people and injuring ten.
February 13 – A passenger bus head on collided with a truck, when driver trying to pass a car at outskirt of Şanlıurfa, Turkey, killing twenty people and injuring ten.
November 1 – A bus collides with a motorcycle and hits a second bus 370 miles northeast of Bangkok, Thailand, killing 21 people and injuring 40.
December 4 – A regular route bus crashed into a utility pole and caught fire on the outskirts of Bogotá, Colombia, in an incident caused by technical problems and excessive speed, killing 21 people. Another five people are injured.
August 1 India – A bus carrying local government employees plunged into a canal after its right front tire burst. The crash, on the outskirts of Ingraj Bazar, West Bengal, India, killed 40 people.
August 26 – A bus slipped and plunged into a 13-feet deep irrigation canal near Salkot, Nepal, killing 25 people.
September 5 – A bus carrying 50 passengers plunged into a 3,300-foot-deep (1,000 m) gorge near Shillong, Meghalaya, India, in an incident caused by the driver losing control on an acute curve with dense fog. 29 people are killed, and another 25 are injured.
September 24 – A bus plunges into a gorge in Uttar Pradesh, India, killing 42 people and injuring 15.
October 31. Argentina – The collision of a commuter train with a passenger bus during the morning hours in the city of Buenos Aires causes a tragedy, 48 people die and 15 others injured. is the worst accident involving a train and a bus in Argentina.
November 25 – A bus returning from the shore of the Black Sea collided with a lorry in dense fog at northern Cankiri, Turkey, at least thirty people dead and injuring twenty-four.
December 23 – An overcrowded passenger bus plunged off an expressway at Apaseo Grande, Guanjuato, Mexico, at least twenty-two people dead and injuring thirty-five.
December 24 – An overcrowded bus with ninety passengers skidded off a steep bank on Wapadsberg Mountain, Craddock-Graaff Region, Eastern Cape, South Africa, at least 42 people dead and injuring 25.
June 11 – A bus carrying school children on a field trip collides with a train near MoshavHabonim, Israel; 21 people killed, including 19 children.
July 21 – A bus carrying 42 passengers returning from a Buddhist ordination ceremony collided head-on with a truck at an intersection in a suburb of Bangkok, Thailand, killing 26 people and injuring 16.
October 8 Taiwan – A tourist bus plunges 33-yards down a valley onto a river bank at East-West Cross Island Expressway, outskirt of Taichung, Taiwan, killing 39 people.
October 21 – Two packed buses hit by a passenger express train at Landhi, Karachi, Pakistan, both bus drivers tried to reach waiting passenger trains and often are involved accidents, killing 35 people and injuring 24.
December 11 Egypt – A bus carrying local primary school children returning from the Guiza zoo was smashed by a fast-speed train at an unmarked railroad level crossing at Ein Sham, on the outskirts Cairo, Egypt, killing 62 children and injuring 67.
December 27 Algeria – A passenger bus and two trucks carrying illegal passengers collided near Bouandas, Sétif, Algeria, killing 32 people and injuring 19.
26 January Ireland. Eight People died and five more injured when a tree crashes onto a mini bus during the Burns Day storm. It was the worst incident of a storm that killed 97 people across Western Europe and the British Isles.
20 March United States – Whilst on tour, a semi trailer rammed into a tour bus containing singer Gloria Estefan, husband Emilio, their son and three other passengers at Tobyhanna, Pennsylvania, severely injuring Gloria. Following extensive surgery, she returned to an international tour ten months after the accident.
22 April Cuba – Two buses collide in Havana, Cuba, killing 11 people and seriously injuring 13.
June 3 France – A Shropshire based double-decker coach bus suffered a blowout of the front tyre on the autoroute A6 near Auxerre when it was 20 mph in excess of the speed limit, causing the 76-seat coach to crash, killing 11 people and injuring 61 British tourists, all returning from Costa Brava. This resulted in a legal action against Avon Rubber, manufacturer of the tyre of the crash coach, its driver and his employer; resulting in the longest legal case in France
8 July USSR – A bus ignores a barrier at a railroad crossing and collides with a passenger train near Petrozavodsk, Karelia, Russia, killing 27 people (34 according to unofficial sources) and injuring 24. The bus driver is injured slightly.
September 20 – A mini-van skidded on the slippery road rammed inter-city bus exceeded speed and plunged off the road, and another inter-city bus hit into disaster site with rescuers working at outskirt of Semarang, Central Java, Indonesia, killing 33 people and injuring 17.
July 26, 1990 Canada – A British Columbia Bus carrying a dance troop to the Okanagon Peach Festival was in a terrible accident through the Rogers Pass, British Columbia. Transport truck lost its steel load, impacting the dance troop charter, killing the driver instantly as well as many young dancers and adults. The bus driver drove the bus into the embankment of rock rather than over the side of a cliff, saving the remainder of the people on the bus.
9 November Netherlands – Almost at the same spot and with the same cause of the August 25, 1972 accident: in sudden dense fog on highway A16 west of Breda, several cars and trucks collide in a huge pile-up. 10 people die and 28 are injured.
November 10 USSR – A bus collided passenger train and crushed at outskirt of Sverdlovsk, Yarnal Nenets Oblast, Russia, killing 16 people, another 13 are injured.
22 November USSR – A bus ignores a red light and collides with a train at a railroad crossing in Donetsk, Ukraine, killing 19 people and wounding 13, though the bus driver is not injured.
January 6 Kenya – A bus slammed into a tree on a railroad crossing at outskirt of Murang'a, Central Province, Kenya, in an incident caused by driver losing control and excessive speed, killing 47 people, another 40 are injured.
April 3 – A regular route bus with eighty passengers exploded and caught fire, and passengers jumping from out of window, because of broke open a door at outskirt of Yiyang, Hunan, China, killing 55 people.
September 27 Hungary – A minibus carrying German travellers collided with local train crossing at Agárd, Hungary, killing 16 people, another three are injured.
October 9 Brazil – A bus carrying October Revelers entertainment group drove off a mountain road and plunged down cliff at outskirt of Sao Luis do Puruna, Parana, Brazil, killing 34 people.
April 7 – AT least 29 people were killed and 18 injured when a Turkish coach fell from a bridge into the Yantra River near Byala, after colliding with a lorry. Another heavy Turkish lorry slammed into a crane set up on the bridge to lift the wreckage out of the water.
May 27 Peru – A bus carrying Santiago de Chocorvos Conference business owners plunged 160-feet from road near foothill at outskirt of Ica, Peru, in an incident caused by mechanical failure, killing 21 people and injuring eleven.
July 24 Indonesia – A Surabaya-Pandanwangi passenger train rammed into an intercity bus an unguarded railroad crossing, and a bus dragged for eighty-yard before the train halted at Jombang, West Java, Indonesia, killing fifteen people and injuring twenty.
October 3 Kenya – A multipile road disaster, including a passenger bus, truck and many vehicles are crashed at Nakuru-Eldoret road, Nakuru, Kenya, killing 35 people and injuring 41.
10 November – A fiery pile-up on autoroute A10 near Mirambeau, France leaves 15 people dead and 53 injured.
17 November UK – The M40 minibus crash leaves 12 children dead when their minibus collides with a maintenance vehicle near Warwick, England, causing new road security campaigns.
February 10 Japan – A huge shard of rock weighing about 21,000 tons smashed through a Toyohama tunnel, national highway route 229, Yoichi, western Hokkaidō, Japan, crushing a Shakotan-Otaru regular route bus and a car, killing 20 people.
25 February Bolivia – Two buses collide head-on near La Paz, Bolivia, killing at least 35 people.
28 February Spain – A charter bus collides with a car near Bailen, Spain, killing 29 people and injuring 17.
October 24 — 48 people, most of whom were university students, killed in a collision of an empty gasoline tanker truck and a passenger bus in Karapınar on Konya-Ereğli motorway. The passengers were trapped in the bus when both vehicles got aflame. The accident led to wide debate on fire-safety standarts of passenger buses.
November 19 — An overloaded school bus skidded of a bridge and plunged into the Yamuna River near the outskirts of New Delhi, India. The accident resulted in 29 deaths and injuries to around 60 passengers.
November 27 — At least 34 people drowned when their bus fell into a canal in Karnataka.
December 8 — Twenty-two people were killed when a lorry collided with a minibus in central Rwanda.
January 2 — Six people were killed and two others were seriously injured when a bus and a jeep collided in state of Rajasthan
January 5 — 43 people were killed and more than 60 seriously injured when a bus plunged down a steep slope in Nyanga district, after the brakes of a bus failed.
January 7 — A Meru-Nairobi Kenyan Bus Service regular route bus lost control of the vehicle and plummeted down 100-feet embankment into Nithi river, Kenya, killing 58 people, another 42 are injured.
December 23 — An Ankara-Samsun regular route bus head-on collided with a fuel truck and burning both vehicle at outskirt of Samsun, northern Turkey, killing 11 people and injuring ten.
December 23 — At least 21 people killed when a bus collided with a large truck.
December 25 — At least 19 people killed in Andhra Pradesh when a bus crashed into a train.
December 31 — 100 cars crashed on an ice-slicked section of Interstate-75 in central Michigan, killing one and injuring 39.
30 April — A small vehicle collides with a stopped tanker truck loaded with propane and starts a fire near Kamena Vourla, Fthiotis. A huge explosion follows several minutes later killing 5 people and injuring 14.
May 21 — A truck and a bus are involved in a crash in the town of San Luis Province. Is the worst disaster in the history of the province, killed 21 people and 4 other survivors
May 29 — 12 people killed and 50 injured in a collision and fire in Tauern Tunnel in Austria.
June 6 - At least 8 people died on Saturday after a bus burst a tyre and overturned at Naivasha on the main Nairobi to Nakuru highway, in another accident 12 were killed when the bus collided with another vehicle.
June 8 — At least 94 killed including 11 children after a bus plunged into a lake in Karnataka.
July 18 — A Kiari-Shimla HRTC regular route bus carrying 90 passengers aboard plunged into 40-feet deep gorge at outskirt of Baghar, Himachal Pradesh, India, killing 18 people, another 55 are injured.
August 11 — An attack on a passenger bus in the town of Fighiera in the Santa Fe Province causes a strong fire. 13 people dead and 5 injured.
3 September — Dense fog on Highway 401 near Windsor, Ontario reduces visibility to less than a meter (3 ft) and causes an 87 vehicles pileup and fire that kills 8 people and injures 33. Many vehicles are fused together by the intense heat.
September 14 — A long distance regular route bus overturned and plunged into canyon at outskirt of Kaijiang, Dazhou, Sichuan, China, killing 46 people, another 9 are injured.
September 16 — Two road accidents in Peru involving buses have killed at least 16 people and injured 48 others.
September 19 — At least 20 people have died in a bus accident.
September 22 — At least 11 people have been killed in South Africa in a head-on collision between a bus and a truck.
October 4 — At least 19 people have been killed and 47 seriously injured after a bus crashed down a river embankment.
October 5 — At least 45 people have been killed in a bus crash in the Indonesian province of West Java.
October 9 — A tourbus in Galilee, Israel, hits slick spot on road, rolls downhill; 17 killed.
October 25 — A bus swerved to avoid hitting a cow and skidded off a mountain road into a deep gorge, killing 27 and injuring 47 on the way home from a temple in Northern India in Hoshiarpur district, 70 miles northeast of Amritsar.
November 19 — A commuter bus collided with many vehicles, include truck, bus at Lagos-Kano expressway at outskirt of Ilorin, Kwara State, Nigeria. Aftermath, a bus caught fire on impact. This accident killed 22 people, another 16 are injured.