List of rocket launch sites

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This article constitutes a list of rocket launch sites. Some of these sites are known as spaceports or cosmodromes. A single rocket launch is sufficient for inclusion in the table, as long as the site is properly documented through a reference. Missile locations with no launches are not included in the list. Proposed and planned sites and sites under construction are not included in the main tabulation, but may appear in condensed lists under the tables.

Shorter lists with the most well-known spaceports:

  • A list of spaceports for human spaceflight and satellite launches are available in the article Spaceport.

Table specification[edit]

Sorting order[edit]

  • operational date;
  • Countries in alphabetical order within a table;
  • Launch sites within a country are sorted chronologically according to start of operations.

Column specification[edit]

  • Country – territory of the site (the organisation responsible for the launches may reside elsewhere, as indicated in the notes column;
  • Location – Name of launch site (sometimes also province etc.)
  • Coordinates – geographical coordinates
  • Operational date – the period of years of launch activities
  • Number of rocket launches – the total number of launches, including failed launches
  • Heaviest rocket launched – total mass at lift-off
  • Highest achieved altitude – height in km above launch site
  • Notes – comments

Africa[edit]

Country Location Coordinates Operational date Number of rocket launches Heaviest rocket launched Highest achieved altitude Notes
Algeria Hammaguira French Special Weapons Test Centre, Hammaguir 31°05′58″N 2°50′09″W / 31.09951°N 2.83581°W / 31.09951; -2.83581 (Hammaguir) 1947–1967   18 000 kg   Orbital   Operated by France.[1]
Algeria Reggane 26°43′08″N 0°16′37″E / 26.71895°N 0.27691°E / 26.71895; 0.27691 (Reggane) 1961–1965 10      
Congo (Zaire) Shaba North, Kapani Tonneo OTRAG Launch Center 7°55′33″S 28°31′40″E / 7.92587°S 28.52766°E / -7.92587; 28.52766 (Kapani Tonneo) 1977–1978 3     <50 km   German OTRAG rockets.[2]
Kenya Broglio Space Centre (San Marco), Malindi 2°56′27″S 40°12′48″E / 2.94080°S 40.21340°E / -2.94080; 40.21340 (San Marco platform) 1964–1988 27   20 000 kg   Orbital   Scout rockets, operated by ASI and Sapienza University of Rome, Italy.[3]
Libya Sabha, Tawiwa OTRAG Launch Center 26°59′38″N 14°27′51″E / 26.99392°N 14.46425°E / 26.99392; 14.46425 (Sabha) 1981–1982     50 km   German OTRAG rockets.[4]
Mauretania Nouadhibou 20°55′43″N 17°01′54″W / 20.92856°N 17.03153°W / 20.92856; -17.03153 (Nouadhibou) 1973–1973 1       During a solar eclipse
South Africa Overberg South African Test Centre 34°36′10″S 20°18′09″E / 34.60265°S 20.30248°E / -34.60265; 20.30248 (Overberg) 1989–1990       Launched test mission rockets only.[5]

Asia[edit]

Note that some Russian cosmodromes appear in this section, some in the section Europe

Country Location Coordinates Operational date Number of rocket launches Heaviest rocket launched Highest achieved altitude Notes
China Base 603, Shijiedu, Guangde 30°56′15″N 119°12′21″E / 30.93743°N 119.20575°E / 30.93743; 119.20575 (Shijiedu) 1960–1966   1 000 kg   <60 km  
China Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center 41°07′05″N 100°27′48″E / 41.11803°N 100.46330°E / 41.11803; 100.46330 (Jiuquan) 1970–   464 000 kg   Orbital   Human spaceflight[6]
China Taiyuan Satellite Launch Center 39°08′36″N 111°58′03″E / 39.14321°N 111.96741°E / 39.14321; 111.96741 (Taiyuan) 1980–     Orbital   Polar satellites[7]
China Xichang Satellite Launch Center 28°14′47″N 102°01′41″E / 28.24646°N 102.02814°E / 28.24646; 102.02814 (Xichang) 1984–     Lunar   Geo-synchronous satellites, lunar probes.[8][9]
China Jingyu 42°00′N 126°30′E / 42.0°N 126.5°E / 42.0; 126.5 (Jingyu)      
India Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre, Thiruvananthapuram, thumba 8°31′53″N 76°52′08″E / 8.5314°N 76.8690°E / 8.5314; 76.8690 (Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre) 1962– >2000       [10]
India Balasore, in the state of Odisha[citation needed] 20°58′33″N 87°02′57″E / 20.97582°N 87.04913°E / 20.97582; 87.04913 (Balasore)      
India Satish Dhawan Space Centre (Sriharikota), Andhra Pradesh 13°44′15″N 80°14′06″E / 13.73740°N 80.23510°E / 13.73740; 80.23510 (Sriharikota) 1971–   402 000 kg   Interplanetary   Satellites and lunar probes;[11]
India Wheeler Island 20°45′29″N 87°05′08″E / 20.75804°N 87.085533°E / 20.75804; 87.085533 (Wheeler Island)      
Indonesia Pameungpeuk 7°38′47″S 107°41′18″E / 7.64635°S 107.68822°E / -7.64635; 107.68822 (Pameungpeuk) 1965–2005      
Indonesia Lapan Space Center, Tjulitan 6°16′00″S 106°52′00″E / 6.266667°S 106.866667°E / -6.266667; 106.866667 (Lapan Space Center) 1987– 2   300 kg   70 km  
Iran Qom Space Center 34°39′00″N 50°54′00″E / 34.65000°N 50.90000°E / 34.65000; 50.90000 (Qom) 1991       Military testing[12]
Iran Emamshahr Space Center 36°25′12″N 55°01′12″E / 36.42000°N 55.02000°E / 36.42000; 55.02000 (Emamshahr) 1998       Military testing and sounding rockets for ISA.[13]
Iran Semnan 35°14′05″N 53°55′15″E / 35.234631°N 53.920941°E / 35.234631; 53.920941 (Semnan) 2009– 2     Orbital  
Iraq Al-Anbar Test Centre 32°46′56″N 44°17′59″E / 32.78220°N 44.29962°E / 32.78220; 44.29962 (Al-Anbar) 1989       Out of function[14]
Israel Palmachim Air Force Base 31°53′05″N 34°40′49″E / 31.88484°N 34.68020°E / 31.88484; 34.68020 (Palmachim) 1987– 9   70 000 kg   Orbital   [15]
Japan Akita 39°34′17″N 140°03′28″E / 39.57148°N 140.05785°E / 39.57148; 140.05785 (Akita) 1956–1990 81     343 km  
Japan Uchinoura Space Center 31°15′07″N 131°04′45″E / 31.25186°N 131.07914°E / 31.25186; 131.07914 (Uchinoura) 1962–   139 000 kg   Orbital   [16]
Japan Tanegashima Space Center, Tanegashima Island 30°23′27″N 130°58′05″E / 30.39096°N 130.96813°E / 30.39096; 130.96813 (Tanegashima) 1967–   445 000 kg   Orbital   [17]
Japan Ryori[citation needed] 39°01′48″N 141°49′48″E / 39.03000°N 141.83000°E / 39.03000; 141.83000 (Ryori) 1970–      
Japan Niijima[citation needed] 34°20′16″N 139°15′57″E / 34.33766°N 139.26575°E / 34.33766; 139.26575 (Niijima)      
Japan Obachi[citation needed] 40°42′12″N 141°22′10″E / 40.70342°N 141.36938°E / 40.70342; 141.36938 (Obachi)      
Kazakhstan Baikonur Cosmodrome, Tyuratam 45°57′19″N 63°21′01″E / 45.95515°N 63.35028°E / 45.95515; 63.35028 (Baikonur) 1957– >1000   2 400 000 kg   Interplanetary   First satellite, first human. Operated by Russia.[18]
Kazakhstan Sary Shagan[citation needed] 46°22′48″N 72°52′12″E / 46.38000°N 72.87000°E / 46.38000; 72.87000 (Sary Shagan) 1958–      
Korea, North Musudan-ri 40°51′21″N 129°39′57″E / 40.85572°N 129.66587°E / 40.85572; 129.66587 (Musudan-ri) 1998–       Military rockets; claimed satellite launch[19]
Korea South Anhueng 36°42′08″N 126°28′18″E / 36.70211°N 126.47158°E / 36.70211; 126.47158 (Anhueng) 1993–      
Korea, South Naro Space Center, Gohueng 34°25′33″N 127°31′41″E / 34.42585°N 127.52793°E / 34.42585; 127.52793 (Naro) 2008 2       Attempted satellite launches[20]
Maldives Gan Island 0°41′36″S 73°09′24″E / 0.69328°S 73.15672°E / -0.69328; 73.15672 (Gan Island)       Several rockets of the Kookaburra type were launched from a pad at 0°41' S and 73°9' E [21]
Pakistan Sonmiani Satellite Launch Center, Las Bela, Balochistan 25°11′33″N 66°44′56″E / 25.19242°N 66.74881°E / 25.19242; 66.74881 (Sonmiani) 1960s –[22]       Sounding rockets, missile testing, for SUPARCO.[23]
Pakistan Tilla Satellite Launch Center, Jhelum District, Punjab 33°23′46″N 73°17′46″E / 33.39610°N 73.29608°E / 33.39610; 73.29608 (Tilla) 1980s –[24]       Sounding rockets, missile testing, for SUPARCO.[25]
Russia Kheysa[citation needed] 80°27′00″N 58°03′00″E / 80.45000°N 58.05000°E / 80.45000; 58.05000 (Kheysa) 1956–1980      
Russia Svobodny Cosmodrome, Amur Oblast 51°50′04″N 128°16′33″E / 51.83441°N 128.27570°E / 51.83441; 128.27570 (Svobodny) 1957–   47 000 kg   Orbital   ICBM base converted for satellites[26]
Russia Sovetskaya Gavan 48°58′12″N 140°18′00″E / 48.97000°N 140.30000°E / 48.97000; 140.30000 (Sovetskaya Gavan) 1963–1964 6     402 km  
Russia Okhotsk[citation needed] 59°22′N 143°15′E / 59.367°N 143.250°E / 59.367; 143.250 (Okhotsk) 1981–2005     1000 km  
Russia Yasny Cosmodrome (formerly Dombarovskiy), Orenburg Oblast 51°12′25″N 59°51′00″E / 51.20706°N 59.85003°E / 51.20706; 59.85003 (Dombarovskiy) 2006–   211 000 kg   Orbital   ICBM base converted for satellites[27]
Taiwan Haiqian 22°06′N 120°54′E / 22.10°N 120.90°E / 22.10; 120.90 (Gangzi) 1988-   10 000 kg   300 km   Science and technology development

Proposed or planned spaceports and rocket launch sites in Asia[edit]

Europe[edit]

Note that some European countries operate spaceports in Africa, South America, or other equatorial regions. These spaceports are listed in this article according to their geographical location. Some Russian-controlled launch sites are listed as being in Asia.

Note that some Russian cosmodromes appear in this section, some in the section Asia

Country Location Coordinates Operational date Number of rocket launches Heaviest rocket launched Highest achieved altitude Notes
France Ile de Levant 43°02′42″N 6°28′44″E / 43.04507°N 6.47887°E / 43.04507; 6.47887 (Ile de Levant) 1948–      
Germany Rocket Launch Site Berlin, Berlin-Tegel 52°21′00″N 13°12′36″E / 52.35000°N 13.21000°E / 52.35000; 13.21000 (Raketenflugplatz Tegel) 1930–1933     4 km  
Germany Peenemünde/Greifswalder Oie 54°08′35″N 13°47′38″E / 54.14300°N 13.79400°E / 54.14300; 13.79400 (Peenemünde Greifswalder Oie) 1942–1945 >3000   12 500 kg   >100 km   V-2 rockets during World War II.
Germany Cuxhaven 53°50′56″N 8°35′30″E / 53.84884°N 8.59154°E / 53.84884; 8.59154 (Cuxhaven)) 1945–1964      
Germany Hespenbusch, Großenkneten 52°56′20″N 8°18′45″E / 52.939002°N 8.312515°E / 52.939002; 8.312515 (Hespenbusch) 1952–1957     <10 km  
Germany Zingst 54°26′24″N 12°47′04″E / 54.44008°N 12.78431°E / 54.44008; 12.78431 (Zingst) 1970–1992 67     80 km  
Greece Koroni 36°46′11″N 21°55′54″E / 36.7698°N 21.9316°E / 36.7698; 21.9316 (Koroni) 1966–1989 371     114 km  
Iceland Vik 63°25′08″N 19°00′17″W / 63.41891°N 19.00463°W / 63.41891; -19.00463 (Vik) 1964–1965 2      
Italy Salto di Quirra 39°31′38″N 9°37′59″E / 39.52731°N 9.63303°E / 39.52731; 9.63303 (Salto di Quirra) 1964–      
Norway Andøya Rocket Range 69°17′39″N 16°01′15″E / 69.29430°N 16.02070°E / 69.29430; 16.02070 (And?ya) 1962– >900   700 kg     Rockets to the upper atmosphere.[34]
Norway Marka 58°12′00″N 7°18′00″E / 58.20000°N 7.30000°E / 58.20000; 7.30000 (Marka) 1983–1984   16 kg    
Norway SvalRak 78°13′24″N 15°38′49″E / 78.2234°N 15.6470°E / 78.2234; 15.6470 (SvalRak) 1997–      
Poland Tuchola Forest 53°37′11″N 17°59′06″E / 53.61970°N 17.98492°E / 53.61970; 17.98492 (Tuchola Forest) 1944–1945       Nazi-German V-2 rockets
Poland Łeba 54°46′09″N 17°35′37″E / 54.76904°N 17.59355°E / 54.76904; 17.59355 (Łeba) 1941–1945       Nazi-German rockets
Poland Łeba-Rąbka[citation needed] 54°45′16″N 17°31′05″E / 54.754486°N 17.517919°E / 54.754486; 17.517919 (Łeba) 1963–1973 36       Polish rockets
Poland Blizna 50°10′55″N 21°36′58″E / 50.18190°N 21.61620°E / 50.18190; 21.61620 (Blizna) 1943–1944 139       Nazi-German V-2 rockets
Russia Kapustin Yar Cosmodrome, Astrakhan Oblast 48°34′41″N 46°15′15″E / 48.57807°N 46.25420°E / 48.57807; 46.25420 (Kapustin Yar) 1957–     Orbital   Previously for satellite launches[35]
Russia Nyonoksa 64°38′57″N 39°11′14″E / 64.64928°N 39.18721°E / 64.64928; 39.18721 (Nyonoksa) 1965–1997      
Russia Plesetsk Cosmodrome 1966– >1000   300 000 kg   Orbital  
Spain El Arenosillo 37°05′49″N 6°44′19″W / 37.09687°N 6.73863°W / 37.09687; -6.73863 (El Arenosillo) 1966– >500      
Sweden Nausta 66°21′26″N 19°16′33″E / 66.357202°N 19.275813°E / 66.357202; 19.275813 (Nausta) 1961–1961 1   30 kg   <80 km   Arcas rocket for atmospheric research.[36]
Sweden Kronoga*rd[citation needed] 66°24′53″N 19°16′36″E / 66.4147°N 19.2767°E / 66.4147; 19.2767 (Kronoga*rd) 1961–1964 18   700 kg   135 km   Arcas, Nike-Cajun and Nike-Apache rockets for atmospheric research.
Sweden Esrange, Kiruna 67°53′36″N 21°06′15″E / 67.89342°N 21.10429°E / 67.89342; 21.10429 (Kiruna) 1966–1972 150   700 kg   237 km   Operated by ESRO.[37]
Sweden Esrange, Kiruna 67°53′36″N 21°06′15″E / 67.89342°N 21.10429°E / 67.89342; 21.10429 (Kiruna) 1972– 300   12 400 kg   717 km   Operated by SSC.[37] Major programmes: Maxus, TEXUS, Maser, stratospheric balloons.
United Kingdom The Needles 50°39′50″N 1°34′35″W / 50.6639345°N 1.5763664°W / 50.6639345; -1.5763664 (The Needles) 1956–1971      
United Kingdom South Uist 57°19′48″N 7°19′48″W / 57.33000°N 7.33000°W / 57.33000; -7.33000 (South Uist) 1959–      

Proposed or planned spaceports in Europe[edit]

North America[edit]

Country Location Coordinates Operational date Number of rocket launches Heaviest rocket launched Highest achieved altitude Notes
Canada Fort Churchill, Manitoba 58°44′03″N 93°49′13″W / 58.73430°N 93.82030°W / 58.73430; -93.82030 (Fort Churchill) 1954–1985 >3500       Canadian Army.[39]
Canada Hall Beach 68°46′34″N 81°14′36″W / 68.77607°N 81.24346°W / 68.77607; -81.24346 (Hall Beach) 1971–1971 7     270 km  
Canada Southend 56°20′N 103°14′W / 56.333°N 103.233°W / 56.333; -103.233 (Southend) 1980–1980 2   1 200 kg    
Greenland (Denmark) Thule Air Base 76°25′26″N 68°17′37″W / 76.4240°N 68.2936°W / 76.4240; -68.2936 (Thule) 1964–1980       US Air Force[40]
USA Wallops Flight Facility, Delmarva Peninsula, Virginia 37°50′46″N 75°28′46″W / 37.84621°N 75.47938°W / 37.84621; -75.47938 (Wallops Island) 1945–       Now operated by NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center[41]
USA White Sands Missile Range 32°33′53″N 106°21′33″W / 32.56460°N 106.35908°W / 32.56460; -106.35908 (White Sands) 1946– >7000       Military and civilian flights. Served as alternate landing site for the space shuttle.[42]
USA Nevada Test and Training Range (formerly Nellis Air Force Range) 36°46′17″N 116°06′49″W / 36.77150°N 116.11374°W / 36.77150; -116.11374 (Nevada Test and Training Range) 1950s–       [43]
USA Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida 28°28′00″N 80°33′31″W / 28.46675°N 80.55852°W / 28.46675; -80.55852 (Cape Canaveral) 1956–     Interplanetary   Commercial and U.S. Government unmanned missions.
USA Vandenberg Air Force Base, California 34°46′19″N 120°36′04″W / 34.77204°N 120.60124°W / 34.77204; -120.60124 (Vandenberg) 1958–     Orbital   Satellites, ballistic missile tests. Government and commercial launches.[44]
USA Kennedy Space Center, Florida 28°36′30″N 80°36′14″W / 28.6082°N 80.6040°W / 28.6082; -80.6040 (Kennedy Space Center) 1963– 151   3 000 000 kg   Lunar   Launched each NASA manned mission. Adjacent to Cape Canaveral Air Force Station.
USA Pacific Missile Range Facility, Hawaii 22°01′22″N 159°47′06″W / 22.02278°N 159.78500°W / 22.02278; -159.78500 1963–       testing of antiballistic missile and missile tracking by the US Navy.
USA Keweenaw, Michigan 47°25′47″N 87°42′52″W / 47.42980°N 87.71443°W / 47.42980; -87.71443 (Keweenaw) 1964–1971 >50   770 kg   <160 km   Currently inactive
USA Kodiak Launch Complex, Alaska 57°26′07″N 152°20′22″W / 57.43533°N 152.33931°W / 57.43533; -152.33931 (Kodiak) 1991– 14   86 000 kg   Orbital   Ballistic missile interceptor tests, satellite launches. Alaska Aerospace Corporation.[45]
USA Mojave Air & Space Port, California 35°03′33″N 118°08′56″W / 35.05910°N 118.14880°W / 35.05910; -118.14880 (Mojave) 2004–     112 km   Privately funded spaceflights (SpaceShipOne).
USA Spaceport America (formerly Southwest Regional Spaceport), Upham, New Mexico 32°53′22″N 106°59′58″W / 32.88943°N 106.99945°W / 32.88943; -106.99945 (Spaceport America) 2006– 8       Sub-orbital commercial and planned space tourist launches. Joint venture between state of New Mexico and Virgin Galactic.[46][47]
USA Mid-Atlantic Regional Spaceport (MARS), Delmarva Peninsula, Virginia 37°50′00″N 75°29′00″W / 37.833378°N 75.483284°W / 37.833378; -75.483284 (Mid-Atlantic Regional Spaceport) 2006– 6   89 805 kg   Lunar   Operates in partnership with NASA, adjacent to the Wallops Flight Facility site. Designed for both commercial and government launches.[48]

Additional rocket launch sites in North America[edit]

Please delete items or move them to the table above with appropriate data and references.

Proposed or planned spaceports in North America[edit]

South America[edit]

Country Location Coordinates Operational date Number of rocket launches Heaviest rocket launched Highest achieved altitude Notes
Argentina Las Palmas 27°05′43″S 58°45′13″W / 27.09531°S 58.75352°W / -27.09531; -58.75352 (Las Palmas) 1966–1966 2   3 400 kg   270 km   During a solar eclipse, with Titus rockets.
Argentina Tartagal 22°45′42″S 63°49′26″W / 22.76158°S 63.82381°W / -22.76158; -63.82381 (Tartagal) 1966–1966       During a solar eclipse
Argentina Mar Chiquita 37°43′27″S 57°24′18″W / 37.72427°S 57.40512°W / -37.72427; -57.40512 (Mar Chiquita) 1968–1972 11      
Argentina Villa Reynolds 33°43′29″S 65°22′38″W / 33.72460°S 65.37730°W / -33.72460; -65.37730 (Villa Reynolds) 1973–1973 2      
Argentina CELPA 30°07′39″S 66°20′27″W / 30.12737°S 66.34082°W / -30.12737; -66.34082 (CELPA)      
Brazil Natal/Barreira 5°51′58″S 35°22′59″W / 5.86600°S 35.38300°W / -5.86600; -35.38300 (Natal) 1965– 233     1100 km  
Brazil Praia do Cassino 32°05′00″S 52°10′02″W / 32.08338°S 52.16725°W / -32.08338; -52.16725 (Praia do Cassino) 1966–1966 27      
Brazil Alcântara Launch Center, Maranhão 2°18′58″S 44°22′03″W / 2.3160°S 44.3676°W / -2.3160; -44.3676 (Alcantara) 1990– 35   6 737 kg   956 km   Brazilian Air Force, Brazilian Space Agency. Planned satellite launches.
French Guiana Guiana Space Centre, Kourou 5°14′15″N 52°46′10″W / 5.23739°N 52.76950°W / 5.23739; -52.76950 (Kourou) 1968– <200   777 000 kg   Interplanetary   Operated by CNES for ESA; launch base for Arianespace. Commercial and governmental launches.
Peru Chilca 12°30′17″S 76°47′55″W / 12.50477°S 76.79849°W / -12.50477; -76.79849 (Chilca)      
Peru Punta Lobos 12°30′00″S 76°48′00″W / 12.50000°S 76.8000°W / -12.50000; -76.8000 (Punta Lobos)   2 000 kg    
Surinam Coronie 5°52′21″N 56°17′21″W / 5.87241°N 56.28908°W / 5.87241; -56.28908 (Coronie) 1965–1965 4     205 km  

Proposed or planned spaceports in South America[edit]

Australia and New Zealand[edit]

Country Location Coordinates Operational date Number of rocket launches Heaviest rocket launched Highest achieved altitude Notes
Australia Woomera Test Range 30°57′31″S 136°30′13″E / 30.95875°S 136.50366°E / -30.95875; 136.50366 (Woomera) 1950s–   28 000 kg   Orbital   British/Australian government research facility. Missile testing, 2 satellite launches.
Australia Carnarvon 24°29′08″S 113°24′31″E / 24.48564°S 113.40866°E / -24.48564; 113.40866 (Carnarvon) 1964–1965 12     120 km  
Australia Lancelin 30°58′59″S 115°19′04″E / 30.98309°S 115.31774°E / -30.98309; 115.31774 (Lancelin) 1974–1974 2       During a total solar eclipse
New Zealand Birdling's Flat 43°49′01″S 172°40′59″E / 43.81700°S 172.68300°E / -43.81700; 172.68300 (Carnarvon)      

Proposed or planned spaceports in Australia and New Zealand[edit]

Other[edit]

Country Location Coordinates Operational date Number of rocket launches Heaviest rocket launched Highest achieved altitude Notes
Marshall Island Omelek 9°02′53″N 167°44′35″E / 9.048167°N 167.743083°E / 9.048167; 167.743083 (Omelek) 1950s-   39 000 kg   Orbital   ICBM base converted for satellites. SpaceX Falcon 1. Close to the equator.
Ocean Odyssey complex Mobile 1999– 30   462 000 kg   Orbital   Mobile satellite launch platform operated by Sea Launch. Uses a converted oil platform that plies between Long Beach, California, where a Zenit-3SL rocket is collected, and the equator, where the rocket is launched.
Russian Delta class submarines Mobile 1998– 2   30 000 kg   Orbital   Launch of unmanned satellites into Earth orbit via converted SLBM missile Shtil from the Barents Sea.

Additional rocket launch sites in the oceans and Antarctica[edit]

Please delete items or move them to the table above with appropriate data and references.

See also[edit]

  • Launch pad
  • Spaceport, including lists of spaceports that have achieved satellite launches and launches of humans

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hammaguira – astronautix.com
  2. ^ Kapani Tonneo – astronautix.com
  3. ^ San Marco – astronautix.com
  4. ^ Tawiwa – astronautix.com
  5. ^ Overberg – astronautix.com
  6. ^ Jiuquan – astronautix.com
  7. ^ Taiyuan – astronautix.com
  8. ^ ""嫦娥一号"发射时间确定 但未到公布时机". XINHUA Online. July 7, 2007. Retrieved August 2, 2007. 
  9. ^ Xichang – astronautix.com
  10. ^ Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre (VSSC), ISRO
  11. ^ Sriharikota – astronautix.com
  12. ^ Qom – astronautix.com
  13. ^ Emamshahr – astronautix.com
  14. ^ Al Anbar – astronautix.com
  15. ^ Palmachim – astronautix.com
  16. ^ Kagoshima – astronautix.com
  17. ^ Tanegashima – astronautix.com
  18. ^ Baikonur – astronautix.com
  19. ^ Musudan – astronautix.com
  20. ^ Goheung – astronautix.com
  21. ^ http://www.astronautix.com/lvs/kooburra.htm
  22. ^ Missile Facilities – Flight Test Range, Sonmiani Beach, NTI
  23. ^ Sonmiani – astronautix.com
  24. ^ [1]
  25. ^ [2]
  26. ^ Svobodniy – astronautix.com
  27. ^ Dombarovsky – astronautix.com
  28. ^ Space Adventures Announces $265 Million Global Spaceport Development Project, Space Adventures, February 17, 2006
  29. ^ Spaceport Singapore
  30. ^ "消息人士:朝鲜试验远程导弹发动机". 俄罗斯新闻网. 2008-09-16. Retrieved September 16, 2008. 
  31. ^ [3]
  32. ^ China to use jumbo rocket for delivery of lunar rover, space station, People's Daily Online, March 11, 2008
  33. ^ China's 4th Satellite Launch Center to Be Built in Hainan – CHINA.ORG.CN
  34. ^ Andoya – astronautix.com
  35. ^ Kapustin Yar – astronautix.com
  36. ^ sv:Nausta
  37. ^ a b Kiruna – astronautix.com
  38. ^ Spaceport Sweden
  39. ^ Fort Churchill – astronautix.com
  40. ^ Thule AFB – astronautix.com
  41. ^ Wallops Flight Facility (NASA)
  42. ^ White Sands, Astronautix
  43. ^ Nevada Test Site – astronautix.com
  44. ^ Vandenberg – astronautix.com
  45. ^ Kodiak Launch Complex, AADC
  46. ^ spaceportamerica.com
  47. ^ Spaceport America – astronautix.com
  48. ^ Mid-Atlantic Regional Spaceport website
  49. ^ PlanetSpace still plans to blast-off from Cape Breton, chairman says, CBC News, February 21, 2008
  50. ^ Rocketeers pick Canadian launch site, MSNBC, June 2, 2005
  51. ^ Oklahoma Spaceport website
  52. ^ Spaceport Oklahoma Licensed by FAA, SpecRef.com, October 15, 2001
  53. ^ Spaceports Around the World: Australia's Woomera and Weipa Spaceports, spacetoday.org
  54. ^ Cape York – astronautix.com
  55. ^ Christmas Island – astronautix.com
  56. ^ High Speed Flight Demonstration project (HSFD), JAXA

External links[edit]