List of rocks on Mars
Names for Mars rocks are largely unofficial designations used for ease of discussion purposes, as the International Astronomical Union's official Martian naming system declares that objects smaller than 100 m (330 ft) are not to be given official names. Because of this some less significant rocks seen in photos returned by Mars rovers have been named more than once, and others have even had their names changed later due to conflicts or even matters of opinion. Often rocks are named after the children or family members of astronauts or NASA employees. The name "Jazzy", for example, was taken from a girl named "Jazzy" who grew up in Grand Junction, CO, USA. Her father worked for NASA and contributed to the findings and naming of the rocks.
The following imagemap of the planet Mars has embedded links to geographical features in addition to the noted Rover and Lander locations. Click on the features and you will be taken to the corresponding article pages. North is at the top; Elevations: red (higher), yellow (zero), blue (lower).
- 1 1976 – Viking program: Viking 1 and Viking 2 landers
- 2 1997 – Sojourner rover (Mars Pathfinder)
- 3 2004 – Spirit rover (MER-A)
- 4 2004 – Opportunity rover (MER-B)
- 5 2008 – Phoenix lander
- 6 2012 – Curiosity rover (Mars Science Laboratory)
- 7 Other rocks
- 8 See also
- 9 References
- 10 External links
- 11 Map of quadrangles on Mars
1976 – Viking program: Viking 1 and Viking 2 landers
Viking 1 Lander – July 20, 1976; Last Earth Contact – November 13, 1982.
Mars landing coordinates: 
Viking 2 Lander – September 3, 1976; Last Earth Contact – April 11, 1980.
Mars landing coordinates: 
(Raw Images - Camera/Sol and 1-JPL and 2-JPL + NASA Image Viewer.)
- Big Joe
- Midas Muffler
- Mr. Badger
- Mr. Moley
- Mr. Rat
- Mr. Toad
Rocks on Mars – viewed by the Viking 2 Lander (September 5, 1976).
1997 – Sojourner rover (Mars Pathfinder)
Sojourner Rover – July 4, 1997; Last Earth Contact – September 27, 1997.
Mars landing coordinates:
(Raw Images - 1-Camera/Sol and 2-Camera/Sol and 3-Camera/Sol and 1-JPL and 2-JPL + NASA Image Viewer.)
- Baby Otter
- Barnacle Bill
- Book Shelf
- Broken Wall
- Cabbage Patch
- Cardiac Hill
- Darth Vader
- Desert Princess
- Dilbert's Boss
- Flat Top
- Flute Top
- Half Dome
- Indiana Jones
- Jimmy Cricket
- Little Flat Top
- Marvin the Martian
- Mint Julep
- Mr. Mole
- Pyramid Point
- Rolling Stone
- Rye Bread
- Scooby Doo
- Space Ghost
- T. Rex
- The Dice
Rover Map of Sojourner's route on Mars (Sol 83, 1997) (Archive).
"Barnacle Bill" rock on Mars – near the Sojourner Rover.
"Yogi" rock (circled) on Mars – near the Sojourner Rover.
"Yogi" rock on Mars – analyzed by the Sojourner Rover.
2004 – Spirit rover (MER-A)
- Allan Hills (iron meteorite)
- Casey Station
- Cobra Hoods
- El Dorado
- Faget (geological feature)
- Home Plate (geological feature)
- Juan Carlos
- King George Island
- Magic Carpet
- Oberth (geological feature)
- O Higgens
- Pot of Gold
- San Martin
- Scott Base
- Stone Council
- White Boat
- Zhong Shan (iron meteorite)
"Mimi" rock on Mars – viewed by the Spirit Rover.
"Pot of Gold" rock on Mars – viewed by the Spirit Rover.
2004 – Opportunity rover (MER-B)
- Berry Bowl
- Block Island (iron meteorite)
- Chocolate Hills
- Cookies N Cream
- Diamond Jenness
- El Capitan
- Heat Shield (iron meteorite)
- Homestake (vein)
- Ice Cream
- Joseph McCoy
- Last Chance
- Lion Stone
- Mackinac Island (iron meteorite)
- Marquette Island
- Meridiani Planum (iron meteorite)
- Oileán Ruaidh (iron meteorite)
- Pinnacle Island
- Santa Catarina
- Shark Pellets
- Shark's Tooth
- Shelter Island (iron meteorite)
- "Sparkling Spheres"
- SpongeBob SquarePants
- Stone Mountain
- The Outcrop
- Wave Ripple
- Whitewater River
"Homestake" vein on Mars – viewed by the Opportunity Rover (November 12, 2012).
"Pinnacle Island" rock - location where rock was dislodged by Opportunity (February 4, 2014).
"Sparkling Spheres" embedded in trench wall at Meridiani Planum - viewed by the Opportunity Rover (February, 2004).
2008 – Phoenix lander
- Baby Bear
- Burn Alive
- Burn Alive 3
- Lower Cupboard
- Mama Bear
- Papa Bear
- Rosy Red 2
- Rosy Red 3
- Snow White
- Stone Soup
- Upper Cupboard
2012 – Curiosity rover (Mars Science Laboratory)
- Bathurst Inlet
- Darwin Outcrop
- Dingo Gap (area)
- Discovery Ridge (area)
- Ekwir 1
- Gillespie (area)
- Gillespie Lake
- Glenelg (area)
- Jake Matijevic
- John Klein-A/B/C
- Kimberley (area)
- Lebanon (iron meteorite)
- Panorama Point (area)
- Point Lake (area)
- Rocknest 3
- Snake River
- Sutton Inlier (area)
- Twin Cairns Island (area)
- Waypoint 1 (area)
- Yellowknife Bay (area)
"Burwash" rock on Mars – as viewed by the MAHLI camera on the Curiosity rover (October 29, 2012).
"Darwin" rock outcrop on Mars - viewed by Curiosity (Waypoint 1; September 10, 2013; overview).
"Darwin" rock outcrop ridge - viewed by Curiosity (Waypoint1; September 21, 2013; context).
"Darwin" sandstone on Mars - viewed by the Curiosity rover (Waypoint 1; September 21, 2013; closeup).
"Et-Then" rock on Mars – as viewed by the MAHLI camera on the Curiosity rover (October 29, 2012).
"Gillespie Lake" rock texture – as viewed by the MAHLI camera on the Curiosity rover (December 19, 2012).
"Harrison" rock (and crystals) on Mars - viewed by the Curiosity rover (January 15, 2014).
"Jake Matijevic" rock on Mars – a prime test target of the Curiosity rover (September 19, 2012).
"John Klein" mudstone - drill hole (1.6 cm (0.63 in)) made by Curiosity (Yellowknife Bay; May 10, 2013).
"Lebanon" meteorite on Mars – viewed by Curiosity (May 25, 2014).
"Sutton Inlier" rock on Mars – broken by the Curiosity rover (January 31, 2013).
"Windjana" sandstone on Mars - as viewed by the Curiosity rover (Kimberley; April 23, 2014; context).
"Windjana" sandstone on Mars - drill hole (1.6 cm (0.63 in)) made by Curiosity (Kimberley; April 29, 2014).
- Williams, David R. Dr. (December 18, 2006). "Viking Mission to Mars". NASA. Retrieved February 2, 2014.
- Nelson, Jon. "Viking 1". NASA. Retrieved February 2, 2014.
- Nelson, Jon. "Viking 2". NASA. Retrieved February 2, 2014.
- Nelson, Jon. "Mars Pathfinder / Sojourner Rover". NASA. Retrieved February 2, 2014.
- Nelson, Jon. "Mars Exploration Rover - Spirit". NASA. Retrieved February 2, 2014.
- Staff. "Mapping the Mars Rovers' Landing Sites". Esri. Retrieved May 4, 2014.
- Nelson, Jon. "Mars Exploration Rover - Opportunity". NASA. Retrieved February 2, 2014.
- Chang, Kenneth (7 June 2013). "Martian Rock Another Clue to a Once Water-Rich Planet". New York Times. Retrieved 7 June 2013.
- O'Neill, Ian (January 17, 2014). "Mystery Rock 'Appears' in Front of Mars Rover". Space.com. Retrieved January 18, 2014.
- Chang, Kenneth (January 24, 2014). "Mars Rover Marks an Unexpected Anniversary With a Mysterious Discovery". New York Times. Retrieved January 24, 2014.
- Nelson, Jon. "Phoenix". NASA. Retrieved February 2, 2014.
- Nelson, Jon. "Mars Science Laboratory Curiosity Rover". NASA. Retrieved February 2, 2014.
- Webster, Guy; Brown, Dwayne (March 18, 2013). "Curiosity Mars Rover Sees Trend In Water Presence". NASA. Retrieved March 20, 2013.
- Staff (December 3, 2012). "A Sampling of Martian Soils". NASA. Retrieved December 3, 2012.
- Staff (November 22, 2012). "Thanksgiving on Mars: Working Holiday for Curiosity Rover". Space.com. Retrieved November 22, 2012.
- Staff (December 11, 2012). "PIA16550: Layered Martian Outcrop 'Shaler' in 'Glenelg' Area". NASA. Retrieved December 12, 2012.
- Hoagland, Richard C. (December 4, 2012). "NASA Announces Curiosity Rover To Investigate Mysterious Linear Features, Called "Shaler"". Enterprise Mission. Retrieved March 17, 2013.
- Staff (January 4, 2013). "PIA16564: 'Snake River' Rock Feature Viewed by Curiosity Mars Rover". NASA. Retrieved January 4, 2013.
- Rincon, Paul (March 19, 2013). "Curiosity breaks rock to reveal dazzling white interior". BBC. Retrieved March 19, 2013.
- Anderson, Paul Scott (February 3, 2013). "Curiosity 'hammers' a rock and completes first drilling tests". The Meridiani Journal. Retrieved February 3, 2013.
- Brown, Dwayne (October 30, 2012). "NASA Rover's First Soil Studies Help Fingerprint Martian Minerals". NASA. Retrieved October 31, 2012.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Rocks on Mars.|
- Mars - Geologic Map (USGS, 2014) (original / crop / full / video (00:56)).
- MPF Rock Names
- Named Rocks on Mars (ppt file)
- NASA – Mars Exploration Program
- Minerals and the Origins of Life (Robert Hazen, NASA) (video, 60m, April 2014).
Map of quadrangles on Mars
The following imagemap of the planet Mars is divided into the 30 quadrangles defined by the United States Geological Survey. The quadrangles are numbered with the prefix "MC" for "Mars Chart." Click on the quadrangle and you will be taken to the corresponding article pages. North is at the top; is at the far left on the equator. The map images were taken by the Mars Global Surveyor.