List of roof shapes
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Roofs by form.|
Roof shapes differ greatly from region to region. The main factors which influence the shape of roofs are the climate and the materials available for roof structure and the outer covering. Roof terminology is also not rigidly defined. Usages vary slightly from region to region, or from one builder or architect to another.
Roof shapes vary from almost flat to steeply pitched. They can be arched or domed. They can be a single flat sheet or a complex arrangement of slopes, gables and hips.
- Flat: These roofs are found in traditional buildings in regions with a low precipitation. Modern materials which are highly impermeable to water make possible the very large low-pitch roofs found on large commercial buildings.
- Terrace: A flat roof with a balustrade, used as a living space.
- Skillion roof: Single-sloped or shed roof.
- Saw-tooth: A roof comprising a series of skillion roofs with vertical surfaces glazed and facing away from the equator. The sloping surfaces are opaque, shielding the workers and machinery from direct sunlight. This sort of roof admits natural light into a factory, and is also known as "Northlight" in the northern hemisphere.
- Pitched, peaked, gabled: A simple roof design shaped like an inverted V. See also gable.
- Asian traditional style
- Crow-stepped, corbie stepped, stepped gable: A gable roof with its end parapets extended upwards and shaped to resemble steps.
- Half-hipped: A combination of a gable and a hip roof with the hipped part at the top and the gable section lower down.
- Dutch gable, gablet: A hybrid of hipped and gable with the gable at the top and hipped lower down; i.e. the opposite arrangement to the half-hipped roof.
- Shaped gable
- Salt-box, catslide: A gable roof with one side longer than the other, and thus closer to the ground unless the pitch on one side is altered. See saltbox house.
- Outshot or catslide: A pitched extension of a main roof.
- Saddleback: A gabled roof atop a tower.
- Cross gabled: The result of joining two or more gabled roof sections together, forming a T or L shape for the simplest forms, or any number of more complex shapes.
- Monitor roof: A roof with a monitor; 'a raised structure running part or all of the way along the ridge of a double-pitched roof, with its own roof running parallel with the main roof.'
- Butterfly roof: A V-shaped roof resembling an open book. A kink separates the roof into two parts running towards each other at an obtuse angle.
- Karahafu: A type of gable found in some traditional Japanese buildings.
- Hidden roof: A type of Japanese roof construction.
- Hip, hipped: A hipped roof is sloped in two pairs of directions (e.g. N-S and E-W) compared to the one pair of direction (e.g. N-S or E-W) for a gable roof.
- Half-hipped: A hybrid of a gable and a hipped roof. (See above.)
- Dutch gable, gablet: The reverse hybrid of a hipped and a gable roof. (See above.)
- Cross hipped: The result of joining two or more hip roof sections together, forming a T or L shape for the simplest forms, or any number of more complex shapes.
- Satari: A Swedish variant on the monitor roof; a double hip roof with a short vertical wall usually with small windows, popular from the 17th century on formal buildings. (Säteritak in Swedish.)
- Mansard: A roof with the pitch divided into a shallow slope above a steeper slope. The steep slope may be curved.
- Gambrel, curb, kerb: A roof similar to a mansard but sloped in one direction rather than both.
- Bell-cast: As a mansard or gambrel roof, but with the shallow slope below the steeper slope.
- East Asian hip-and-gable roof
- Mokoshi: A Japanese decorative pent roof
- Onion dome or rather an imperial roof
Flat roof. Western Australia.
Mansard roof on a county jail. Mount Gilead, Ohio.
Temple roof with a decorated gable end and ceramic tile covering. Chang Mai, Thailand.
An ogee roof. (A roof shape following an ogee curve. In this example the roof follows an ogee along both axes.) Montacute Lodge, England. Image by Symon Parsley.
- List of commercially available roofing material
- Building construction
- Building insulation
- Building envelope
- "The Machine Shop and the Works. Modern Principles of Design", The Times: Engineering Supplement, London, November 13, 1912, p.25.
- Fleming, Honour, & Pevsner, A Dictionary of Architecture
- Davies, Nikolas, and Erkki Jokiniemi. Dictionary of architecture and building construction. Amsterdam: Elsevier/Architectural Press, 2008.304
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Roofs.|