List of rulers of Damascus

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

This is a list of rulers of Damascus from ancient times to the present.

General context: History of Damascus.

Canaanite[edit]

  • Uz ben Shem (c. 2500 BC)
  • Biryawaza (14th century BC)

Aram Damascus[edit]

Period of non-independence[edit]

Umayyad dynasty[edit]

Rashidun emirs[edit]

Umayyad dynasty ruling in Damascus[edit]

Abbasid emirs[edit]

Fatimid emirs[edit]

  • Abu Ali Jafar ibn Fallah al-Katami (969-971)
Qarmatian occupation of Damascus
  • Zalim inbn Mauhab al-Ukayli (973-974)
  • Jaysh ibn Muhammad (974)
  • Rayn al-Muizzi (974)
  • Alp Tegin al-Muizzi (974-977), chosen by the Damascenes
  • Qassam al-Turab (977-983), chosen by the Damascenes
Fatimid recovery of Damascus
  • Bal Tegin al-Turki (983)
  • Bakjur (983-991)
  • Ya'qub al-Siqlabi (991)
  • Magu Tegin (993-996)
  • Sulayman ibn Fallah (996)
  • Bishara al-Ikhshidi (997-998)
  • Jaysh ibn Muhammad (998-1000)
  • Sulayman ibn Fallah (1000–1002)
  • Abu'l-Hasan Ali ibn Jafar (1002–1004)
  • Abu Salih Muflih al-Lihyani (1004–1009)
  • Hamid ibn Mulham (1009)
  • Wajik ad-Dawlah Abu al-Muta Zu-l-Karnayn Hamdan (1010–1011)
  • Badr al-Attar (1011–1012)
  • Abu Abdallah al-Muzahhir (1012–1014)
  • Abd ar-Rahman ibn Ilyas (1015–1021)
  • Wajik ad-Dawlah Abu al-Muta Zu-l-Karnayn Hamdan (1021–1023)
  • Shihab ad-Dawlah Shah Tegin (1023–1024)
  • Wajik ad-Dawlah Abu al-Muta Zu-l-Karnayn Hamdan (1024–1028)
  • Anushtegin ad-Dizbari (1028–1041)
  • Nasir ad-Dawlah Abu Ali al-Husein al-Hamdani (1041–1048)
  • Baha ad-Dawlah Takiq al-Saklabi (1048–1049)
  • Uddat ad-Dawlah Rifq al-Mustansiri (1049)
  • Mu'in ad-Dawlah Haydar ibn Adud ad-Dawlah (1049–1058)
  • Makin ad-Dawlah Abu Ali al-Hasan ibn 'Ali (1058)
  • Nasir ad-Dawlah Abu Ali al-Husein al-Hamdani (1058–1060)
  • Sebuq Tegin (1060)
  • Muwaffaq ad-Dawlah Jauhar al-Mustansiri (1060–1061)
  • Hasam ad-Dawlah ibn al-Bachinaki (1061)
  • Uddat ad-Dawlah ibn al-Husein (1061)
  • Mu'in ad-Dawlah Haydar ibn Adud ad-Dawla (1061–1063)
  • Badr al-Jamali (1063)
  • Hisn ad-Dawlah Haydar ibn Mansur (1063–1067)
  • Qutb ad-Din Baris Tegin (1068–1069)
  • Hisn ad-Dawlah Mualla al-Kitami (1069–1071)
  • Zain ad-Dawlah Intisar ibn Yahya al-Masmudi (1075–1076)

Seljuq emirs[edit]

Burid emirs[edit]

Zengid atabegs[edit]

Ayyubid sultans[edit]

Mameluk Bahrid emirs[edit]

  • Sunkur al-Ashkar (1275–1280)
  • Lajin al-Askhar (1280-?)
  • Akush Beg (c. 1290s)
  • Izz ad-Din Ayback (?-1296)
  • Shuja ad-Din Adirlu (1296–1297)
  • Sayf ad-Din Kipchak (1297–1312)
  • Sayf ad-Din Tanqiz as-Nasiri (1312–1340)
  • Yilbugha al-Nasiri (1340–1350)
  • Sayf ad-Din Manjak (1350)
  • Tash Timur (c. 1380)
  • Yilbugha al-Nasiri (?-1393)
  • Sayf ad-Din Tanibak (1393–1399)
  • Sudun (1399–1400)
  • occupied by Timur (1400–1401)
  • Taghribirdi al-Zahiri (1401-?)
  • Kijmas (c. 1470s)
  • Ghazali Arab (c. 16th century)
  • Shihab ad-Din Ahmad (1516–1517)
  • Janbirdi al-Ghazali (1518–1521)

Ottoman walis[edit]

  • Yunus Pasha (c. 1516)
  • Janbirdi al-Ghazali (1518-1521)
  • Aiyaz Pasha (1521–1522)
  • Ferhad Pasha (1522–1523)
  • Hurram Pasha (1523–1525)
  • Sulayman Pasha al-Tawashi (1525–1526)
  • Lutf Pasha (1526–1528)
  • Isa Bey Pasha Chenderli (1528–1531)
  • Mustafa Ablaq Pasha (1531–1534)
  • Lutf Pasha (1534–1535)
  • Isa Bey Pasha Chenderli (1535)
  • Mohammad Kuzal Pasha (1536–1537)
  • Topal Sulayman Pasha (1537–1538)
  • Ahmed Pasha I (1538–1539)
  • Qese Husrau Pasha (1539–1541)
  • Isa Pasha (1541–1543)
  • Piri Pasha (1543–1545)
  • Hadim Sinan Pasha (1545–1550)
  • Piri Pasha (1550–1551)
  • Mohammad Pasha Bartaki (1551–1552)
  • Şemsi Pasha (1552–1555)
  • Hizr Pasha (1555–1561)
  • Ali Pasha Lankun (1561–1563)
  • Khusrau Pasha I (1563)
  • Lala Mustafa Pasha (1563–1569)
  • Murad Pasha Shaitan (1569)
  • Ali Pasha Lankun (1569–1570)
  • Haji Ahmed Pasha (1570–1571)
  • Lala Jafar Pasha (1574–1575)
  • Murad Pasha (1575–1577)
  • Hasan Pasha I (1577–1581)
  • Bahram Pasha (1581–1582)
  • Hüseyin Pasha Boljanić (1582–1583)
  • Hasan Pasha I (1583)
  • Qubad Sulayman Pasha (1584)
  • Hasan Pasha I (1585–1586)
  • Uways Pasha (1586–1587)
  • Mohammas Pasha Farhad (1587–1588)
  • Uways Pasha (1588–1589)
  • Elwanzade Ali Pasha (1589–1590)
  • Koca Sinan Pasha (1590)
  • Hasan Pasha I (1590–1591)
  • Mustafa Pasha I (1591–1592)
  • Khalil Pasha (1592–1593)
  • Qachirji Mohammad Pasha (1593–1594)
  • Hasan Pasha I (1594)
  • Murad Pasha (1594–1595)
  • Khusrau Pasha II (1595–1596)
  • Razia Hutunzade Mustafa Pasha (1596–1597)
  • Yusuf Sinan Pasha (1597–1598)
  • Ahmed Pasha II (1598)
  • Ahmed Pasha III (1598)
  • Khusrau Pasha II (1599)
  • Emir Mehmed Pasha (1599–1600)
  • Othman Pasha (1601–1603)
  • Farhad Pasha Bustanji (1603–1604)
  • Mustafa Pasha II (1604–1607)
  • Mahmud Pasha (1607–1608)
  • Sufi Sinan Pasha (1608–1609)
  • Ahmad al-Hafiz (1609–1615)
  • Silihdar Mehmed Pasha (1615–1617)
  • Ahmad al-Hafiz (1618–1619)
  • Mustafa Pasha III (1619–1620)
  • Sulayman Pasha I (1620–1621)
  • Murtaza Pasha Bustanji (1621–1622)
  • Mehmed Pasha Rushand (1622–1623)
  • Mustafa Pasha al-Hannaq (1623–1624)
  • Nigdeli Mustafa Pasha (1624–1625)
  • Gurju Mehmed Pasha I (1625–1626)
  • Tayar Oglu Mehmed Pasha (1626–1628)
  • Küçük Ahmed Pasha (1628–1629)
  • Mustafa Pasha IV (1629–1630)
  • Nawaya Mehmed Pasha (1630–1631)
  • Ilyas Pasha (1632–1633)
  • Deli Yusuf Pasha (1633–1635)
  • Küçük Ahmed Pasha (1635–1636)
  • Dervish Mehmed Pasha I (1636–1638)
  • Mustafa Pasha IV (1638–1639)
  • Chifteli Othman Pasha (1639–1640)
  • Mehmed Pasha I (1640–1641)
  • Serji Ahmed Pasha (1641–1642)
  • Melik Ahmed Pasha (1642–1643)
  • Sultanzade Mehmed Pasha (1643)
  • Silihdar Yusuf Pasha (1643–1644)
  • Gurju Mehmed Pasha II (1644–1645)
  • Ibrahim Pasha I (1645)
  • Mehmed Pasha Salami (1645–1646)
  • Gürcê Mehmed (1646)
  • Silihadar Yusuf Pasha (1646–1647)
  • Sufi Murteza Pasha (1647)
  • Sofu Mehmed Pasha (1648)
  • Ibşir Mustafa Pasha (1649)
  • Mehmed Pasha II (1649–1650)
  • Silahtar Murtaza Pasha (1650)
  • Sivaslı Mustafa Pasha (1650)
  • Haseki Mehmed Pasha (1650–1652)
  • Deftarzade Mehmed Pasha (1653–1655)
  • Qara Murad Pasha (1655)
  • Haseki Mehmed Pasha (1656)
  • Qeprulu Fazil Ahmed Pasha (1659–1661)
  • Sulayman Pasha II (1661–1663)
  • Ribleli Mustafa Pasha (1663–1665)
  • Salih Pasha I (1665–1666)
  • Qara Mustafa Pasha (1666–1667)
  • Mehmed Pasha Chewish Oglu (1667–1669)
  • Ibrahim Pasha Shaytan (1669–1671)
  • Abazekh Husein Pasha (1671–1672)
  • Qara Mehmed Pasha (1672–1673)
  • Ibrahim Pasha Shushman (1673–1674)
  • Qer Husein Pasha (1674–1675)
  • Ibrahim Pasha II (1675–1676)
  • Bosniak Osman Pasha (1676–1679)
  • Abazekh Husein Pasha (1679–1683)
  • Ibrahim Pasha III (1684)
  • Bosniak Osman Pasha (1684–1685)
  • Kaplan Pasha (1686–1687)
  • Arab Salih Pasha (1687–1688)
  • Hamza Pasha (1688–1689)
  • Bozoklu Mustafa Pasha (1690)
  • Murtaza Pasha (1690–1691)
  • Gurju Mehmed Pasha III (1691–1692)
  • Çelebi Ismail Pasha (1692–1693)
  • Ibshir Mustafa Pasha (1693–1694)
  • Silihdar Osman Pasha (1695–1696)
  • Silihdar Buuqli Mustafa Pasha (1696–1697)
  • Ahmad Pasha Hacigirai (1697–1698)
  • Silihdar Husein Pasha (1699)
  • Silihdar Hasan Pasha (1700)
  • Arslan Mehmed Pasha Matracyoghlu (1701)
  • Salih Agha (1702)
  • Mehmed Pasha Kurd Bajram (1702–1703)
  • Pasha-ojlu (1703)
  • Osman Pasha Arnavud (1703)
  • Arslan Mehmed Pasha Matracyoghlu (1703–1704)
  • Mustafa Pasha V (1704)
  • Firari Hüseyin Pasha (1704–1705)
  • Mehmed Pasha Kurd Bajram (1705–1706)
  • Pasha-ojlu (1706)
  • Baltaci Süleyman Pasha (1706–1707)
  • Yusuf Pasha Qubtan Helvaci (1707)
  • Halebli Hüseyin Pasha (1707)
  • Osmanzade Nasuh Pasha al-Aydini (1708–1714)
  • Cerkes Mehmed Pasha the Circassian (1714)
  • Mehmed Pasha III (1714)
  • Topal Yusuf Pasha (1715)
  • Moralı Ibrahim Pasha (1716)
  • Recep Pasha (1716)
  • Nevşehirli Damat Ibrahim Pasha (1716–1717)
  • Köprülü Abdullah Pasha (1717–1718)
  • Recep Pasha (1718)
  • Abu Tawq Matuqzade Osman Pasha (1718)
  • Küçük Osman Pasha (1719–1720)
  • Ali Pasha Maqtulojlu (1720–1723)
  • Abu Tawq Matuqzade Osman Pasha (1723–1725)
  • Azamzade Ismail Pasha (1725–1730)
  • Osman Aça (1730)
  • Qara Süleyman Aça (acting) (1730)
  • Aidinli Abdallah Pasha (1730–1731)
  • vacant (1731–1734)
  • Azamzade Süleyman Pasha (1734–1738)
  • Hüsein Pasha II (1738)
  • Muhassıl Osman Pasha (1739–1740)
  • Abdi Pashazade Ali Pasha (1740)
  • Azamzade Süleyman Pasha (1741–1743)
  • Azamzade Esad Pasha (1743–1757)
  • Mekkizade Hüseyin Pasha (1757)
  • Ishalyq Mehmed Pasha (1759–1760)
  • Uthman Pasha al-Kurzi (1760–1771)
  • Azamzade Mehmed Pasha (1771–1772)
  • Hafiz Mustafa Pasha Bustanci (1772–1773)
  • Azamzade Mehmed Pasha (1773–1783)
  • Osmanzade Mehmed Pasha (1783)
  • Osmanzade Dervish Pasha (1783–1784)
  • Ahmed Pasha al-Jazzar (1784–1786)
  • Hüseyin Pasha Battal (1786–1787)
  • Abdi Pasha (1787–1788)
  • Ibrahim Pasha al-Halabi (1788–1789)
  • vacant (1789–1790)
  • Ahmed Pasha al-Jazzar (1790–1795)
  • Azamzade Abdallah Pasha (1795–1798)
  • Ahmed Pasha al-Jazzar (1798–1799)
  • Azamzade Abdallah Pasha (1799–1803)
  • Ahmed Pasha al-Jazzar (1803–1804)
  • Azamzade Abdallah Pasha (1804-807)
  • Kunj Yusuf Pasha (1807–1810)
  • Süleyman Pasha Silahdar (1810–1818)
  • Salih Pasha II (1818)
  • Abdallah Pasha II (1819–1821)
  • Dervish Mehmd Pasha II (1821–1822)
  • Mustafa Pasha IV (1822–1826)
  • vacant (1826–1828)
  • Mehmed Emin Rauf Pasha (1828–1831)
  • Benderli Mehmed Selim Sırrı Paşa (1831–1832)
  • to Egypt, autonomous from the Ottoman Empire
    • Ahmed Bey (1831–1832)
    • Ibrahim Pasha IV (1832)
    • Muhammad Sharif Pasha (1832–1838)
    • vacant (1838–1840)
  • Izzet Mehmed Pasha (1840–1841)
  • Mehmed Reshid Pasha (1841–1844)
  • Mehmed Namık Pasha (1845–1846)
  • Riza Pasha (1845–1846)
  • Musa Sefveti Pasha (1846)
  • Namiq Pasha (1848)
  • Mehmed Namık Pasha (1848–1850)
  • Osman Pasha Said Pasha (1850–1852)
  • Izzet Mehmed Pasha (1852)
  • Açaf Pasha (1852–1854)
  • Arif Mehmed Pasha (1854–1855)
  • Mehmed Namık Pasha (1855)
  • Mahmud Nedim Pasha (1855–1857)
  • Izzet Ahmed Pasha (1857)
  • Ali Pasha II (1858)
  • Mu'amer Pasha (1860)
  • Mehmed Fuad Pasha (1860–1861)
  • Ahmed Pasha IV (1861)
  • Emin Muhlis Pasha (1861–1862)
  • Mehmed Reshid Pasha (1862–1864)
  • Müterçim Mehmed Rüstü Pasha (1864–1865)
  • Reshid Pasha (1865–1871)
  • Subhi Pasha (1871–1873)
  • Sherif Mehmed Re'uf Pasha (1873–1874)
  • Esad Pasha (1874–1875)
  • Ahmed Hamdi Pasha (1875–1876)
  • Ahmed Pasha V (1876–1877)
  • Küçük Ömer Fevzi Pasha (1877–1878)
  • Ali Haydar Midhat Pasha (1878–1879)
  • Hamdi Pasha (1880–1885)
  • Rashid Nashid Pasha (1885–1888)
  • Manastirli Mehmed Nazif Pasha (1888–1889)
  • Mustafa Asim Pasha (1889–1891)
  • Topal Osman Nuri Pasha (1891–1892)
  • Sherif Mehmed Rauf Pasha (1892–1894)
  • Haçi Osman Nuri Pasha (1894–1895)
  • Hasan Pasha II (1896–1897)
  • Nazim Pasha (1897–1906)
  • Shukri Pasha (1906–1909)
  • Ismail Fazil Bey (1909–1911)
  • Ismail Ghalib Bey (1911–1912)
  • Kiazim Pasha (1912–1913)
  • Arif Bey (1913)
  • Mehmed Arif Bey Mardin (1914)
  • Jamal Pasha (1915)
  • Azmi Pasha (1915–1916)
  • Tahsin Bey (1916–1918)
  • Mehmed Gabriel Pasha (1918)
  • Shukri Pasha (October 1–2, 1918)

Hashemite kingdom[edit]

Capital of Syria[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]