List of Hungarian monarchs

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:For a list of presidents until present day, see List of heads of state of Hungary. For the semi-independent monarchs of Transylvania in the 16th and 17th centuries, see List of Princes of Transylvania.

This is a List of Hungarian monarchs, which includes the grand princes (895–1000) and the kings and ruling queens of Hungary (1000–1918).

The Principality of Hungary established 895 or 896, following the 9th century Hungarian conquest of the Carpathian Basin. The Kingdom of Hungary existed from 1000 (or arguably from 1001; the coronation of Saint Stephen) until 1918 (when Charles IV "renounced participation" in state affairs, but did not abdicate). The Árpád dynasty, the male-line descendants of Grand Prince Árpád, ruled Hungary continuously from 895 to 1301.

Grand Princes of Hungary[edit]

House of Árpád[edit]

The rulers of the first half of the 10th century are often disputed, as the Hungarian nation consisted of several tribes led by various leaders. The most frequently proposed are:

Portrait Name Monarch From Monarch Until Marriage(s) Relationship with Predecessor(s)
Picta.jpg Álmos c. 850 c. 895 Unknown  • First ruler
Arpad Kepes Kronika.jpg Árpád c. 895 c. 907 Unknown  • Son of Álmos
Solt in Solt.JPG Zoltán c. 907 c. 950 Menumorut's daughter (?)  • Son of Árpád
Fajsz Fajsz.jpg Fajsz c. 950 c. 955 Unknown  • Grandson of Árpád
Taksony Kepes Kronika.jpg Taksony c. 955 c. 972 a "Cuman" woman  • Son of Zoltán
Geza-ChroniconPictum.jpg Géza c. 972 997 Sarolt  • Son of Taksony
Istvan-ChroniconPictum.jpg Stephen 997 25 December 1000 Blessed Gisela of Bavaria  • Son of Géza

Kings of Hungary[edit]

House of Árpád[edit]

Portrait Name Monarch From Monarch Until Marriage(s) Relationship with Predecessor(s)
St Stephen on the throne - Initial from the Képes Krónika.jpg Stephen I the Saint 25 December 1000 15 August 1038 Blessed Gisela of Bavaria  • Son of Géza
Orseolo peter of hungary.jpg Peter the Venetian
(1st rule)
15 August 1038 September 1041 (1) Unknown
(2) Judith of Schweinfurt (?)
 • Nephew of Stephen I
Aba samuel.jpg Samuel Aba September 1041 5 July 1044
Battle of Ménfő
Géza's daughter  • Brother-in-law of Stephen I
Orseolo peter of hungary.jpg Peter the Venetian
(2nd rule)
5 July 1044 September 1046 (1) Unknown
(2) Judith of Schweinfurt (?)
 • Nephew of Stephen I
Coronation Andrew I of Hungary - smaller.jpg Andrew I the White September 1046 December 1060 Anastasia of Kiev  • Great-grandson of Taksony
Béla elnyeri a koronát .jpg Béla I the Champion 6 December 1060 11 September 1063 Richeza of Poland  • Great-grandson of Taksony

 • Younger brother of Andrew I

Solomon of Hungary David.jpg Solomon September 1063 14 March 1074 Judith of Swabia  • Son of Andrew I
Picta Sal.jpg Géza I (Magnus) 14 March 1074 25 April 1077 (1) Sophia
(2) Synadene
 • Son of Béla I
Laszlo-ChroniconPictum.jpg Ladislaus I the Saint 25 April 1077 29 July 1095 (1) Unknown (?)
(2) Adelaide of Rheinfelden
 • Son of Béla I

 • Younger brother of Géza I

Konyves Kalman.jpg Coloman the Learned 1095 3 February 1116 (1) Felicia of Sicily
(2) Eufemia of Kiev
 • Son of Géza I
II István koronázása KK.jpg Stephen II 3 February 1116 1 March 1131 Cristiana of Capua  • Son of Coloman
Bela II KK2.jpg Béla II the Blind 28 April 1131 13 February 1141 Helena of Rascia  • Grandson of Géza I

 • Cousin of Stephen II

Géza II.jpg Géza II 16 February 1141 31 May 1162 Euphrosyne of Kiev  • Son of Béla II
III Istvan koronazasa KK.jpg Stephen III June 1162 4 March 1172 Agnes of Austria  • Son of Géza II
Chronicon Pictum P121 A korona elrablása.JPG Ladislaus II
(Antiking)
June 1162 14 January 1163 Unknown  • Son of Béla II

 • Younger brother of Géza II

Stephen IV of Hungary.jpg Stephen IV
(Antiking)
27 January 1163 11 April 1165 Maria Komnene  • Son of Béla II

 • Younger brother of Géza II

Bela3.jpg Béla III March 1172 23 April 1196 (1) Agnes of Antioch
(2) Margaret of France
 • Son of Géza II

 • Younger brother of Stephen III

Imre király.jpg Emeric April 1196 30 November 1204 Constance of Aragon  • Son of Béla III
III.László.jpg Ladislaus III 30 November 1204 7 May 1205 Unmarried  • Son of Emeric
Andrew II Hungar.jpg Andrew II the Jerosolimitan 29 May 1205 21 September 1235 (1) Gertrude of Merania
(2) Yolanda de Courtenay
(3) Beatrice d'Este
 • Son of Béla III

 • Younger brother of Emeric

BelaIV-ChroniconPictum.jpg Béla IV the Second Founder 14 October 1235 3 May 1270 Maria Laskarina  • Son of Andrew II
V. István koronázása.jpg Stephen V May 1270 6 August 1272 Elizabeth the Cuman  • Son of Béla IV
Kun laszlo.jpg Ladislaus IV the Cuman 3 September 1272 10 July 1290 Elizabeth of Sicily  • Son of Stephen V
Andrew III Kepes kronika.jpg Andrew III the Venetian 23 July 1290 14 January 1301 (1) Fenenna of Kuyavia
(2) Agnes of Austria
 • Grandson of Andrew II

Přemyslid dynasty[edit]

Portrait Name Monarch From Monarch Until Marriage(s) Relationship with Predecessor(s)
Thurocz, Johannes de. Chronica Hungarorum. 167.jpg Wenceslaus (Ladislaus) 27 August 1301 9 October 1305 Viola of Teschen  • Great-great grandson of Béla IV

House of Wittelsbach[edit]

Portrait Name Monarch From Monarch Until Marriage(s) Relationship with Predecessor(s)
Ota3 Thurocsi.jpg Otto (Béla V) 9 October 1305 May 1307 (1) Catherine of Habsburg
(2) Agnes of Glogau
 • Grandson of Béla IV

Capetian House of Anjou[edit]

Portrait Name Monarch From Monarch Until Marriage(s) Relationship with Predecessor(s)
Karoly robert cronica ilustrada.jpg Charles I 17 November 1308 16 July 1342 (1) Maria of Halych
(2) Maria of Bytom
(3) Beatrice of Luxembourg
(4) Elizabeth of Poland
 • Great-grandson of Stephen V
Ludvik1Uhry trun.jpg Louis I the Great 21 July 1342 10 September 1382 (1) Margaret of Bohemia
(2) Elizabeth of Bosnia
 • Son of Charles I
Mary I of Hungary.jpg Mary
(1st rule)
17 September 1382 31 December 1385 Sigismund of Luxembourg  • Daughter of Louis I
Charles II, Chronicon Pictum.jpg Charles II the Short 31 December 1385 24 February 1386 Margaret of Durazzo  • Great-great grandson of Stephen V
Mary I of Hungary.jpg Mary
(2nd rule)
(Co-ruler with Sigismund)
24 February 1386 17 May 1395 Sigismund of Luxembourg  • Daughter of Louis I

House of Luxembourg[edit]

Portrait Name Monarch From Monarch Until Marriage(s) Relationship with Predecessor(s)
Zsigmond Thuroczy (crop).jpg Sigismund
(Co-ruler with Mary until 1395)
31 March 1387 9 December 1437 (1) Mary of Hungary
(2) Barbara of Cilli
 • Fourth great-grandson of Béla IV

 • Husband of Mary

House of Habsburg[edit]

Portrait Name Monarch From Monarch Until Marriage(s) Relationship with Predecessor(s)
Albert Thuróczi Chronicle.jpg Albert the Magnanimous 18 December 1437 27 October 1439 Elizabeth of Luxembourg  • Seventh great-grandson of Géza II

 • Son-in-law of Sigismund

VLaszlo.gif Ladislaus V the Posthumous
(Contested by Vladislaus I)
15 May 1440 23 November 1457 Unmarried  • Son of Albert
  • 7 May 1445 – 6 June 1446: Seven Captains of the Realm
  • 6 June 1446 – January 1453: Regent John Hunyadi

House of Jagiellon[edit]

Portrait Name Monarch From Monarch Until Marriage(s) Relationship with Predecessor(s)
Jagelló Ulászló.jpg Vladislaus I
(Contested by Ladislaus V)
17 July 1440 10 November 1444
Battle of Varna
Unmarried  • Fourth great-grandson of Béla IV

House of Hunyadi[edit]

Portrait Name Monarch From Monarch Until Marriage(s) Relationship with Predecessor(s)
Hunyadi Matyas TK (crop).jpg Matthias I the Just 24 January 1458 6 April 1490 (1) Catherine of Poděbrady
(2) Beatrice of Naples
 • No relationship

House of Jagiellon[edit]

Portrait Name Monarch From Monarch Until Marriage(s) Relationship with Predecessor(s)
Vladislaus II. of Bohemia and Hungary (crop).gif Vladislaus II 15 July 1490 13 March 1516 (1) Barbara of Brandenburg
(2) Beatrice of Naples
(3) Anne of Foix-Candale
 • Grandson of Albert
Lajos II.jpg Louis II 13 March 1516 29 August 1526
Battle of Mohács
Mary of Austria  • Son of Vladislaus II

House of Zápolya[edit]

Portrait Name Monarch From Monarch Until Marriage(s) Relationship with Predecessor(s)
Szapolyai János fametszet.jpg John I
(Contested by Ferdinand I)
11 November 1526 July 1540 Isabella Jagiellon  • Sixth great-grandson of Béla IV
II. János Zsigmond magyar király.jpg John II
(Elected king)
(Contested by Ferdinand I and Maximilian)
13 September 1540 16 August 1570 Unmarried  • Son of John I

House of Habsburg[edit]

Portrait Name Monarch From Monarch Until Marriage(s) Relationship with Predecessor(s)
Anonymous Ferdinand Habsburg.jpg Ferdinand I
(Contested by John I and John II)
17 December 1526 25 July 1564 Anne of Bohemia  • Tenth great-grandson of Géza II

 • Brother-in-law of Louis II

Nicolas Neufchâtel 002.jpg Maximilian
(Contested by John II until 1570)
26 July 1564 12 October 1576 Maria of Austria  • Son of Ferdinand I
Joseph Heintz d. Ä. 002.jpg Rudolph 12 October 1576 26 June 1608 Unmarried  • Son of Maximilian
Matthias, Holy Roman Emperor.jpg Matthias II 26 June 1608 20 March 1619 Anna of Tyrol  • Son of Maximilian

 • Younger brother of Rudolph

Kaiser Ferdinand II. 1614.jpg Ferdinand II
(Contested by Gabriel I between 1620 and 1621)
20 March 1619 15 February 1637 (1) Maria Anna of Bavaria
(2) Eleonora Gonzaga
 • Grandson of Ferdinand I

 • Cousin of Rudolph and Matthias II

Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor.jpg Ferdinand III 15 February 1637 2 April 1657 (1) Maria Anna of Spain
(2) Maria Leopoldine of Austria
(3) Eleonora Gonzaga
 • Son of Ferdinand II
Benjamin von Block 001.jpg Leopold I 2 April 1657 5 May 1705 (1) Margaret Theresa of Spain
(2) Claudia Felicitas of Austria
(3) Eleonor Magdalene of Neuburg
 • Son of Ferdinand III
Jožef I. (1705-1711).jpg Joseph I 5 May 1705 17 April 1711 Wilhelmine Amalia of Brunswick-Lüneburg  • Son of Leopold I
Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor.PNG Charles III 17 April 1711 20 October 1740 Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel  • Son of Leopold I

 • Younger brother of Joseph I

Kaiserin Maria Theresia (HRR).jpg Maria Theresa 20 October 1740 29 November 1780 Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor  • Daughter of Charles III

 • Pragmatic Sanction of 1723

House of Habsburg-Lorraine[edit]

Portrait Name Monarch From Monarch Until Marriage(s) Relationship with Predecessor(s)
Anton von Maron 006.png Joseph II 29 November 1780 20 February 1790 (1) Isabella of Parma
(2) Maria Josepha of Bavaria
 • Son of Maria Theresa
Johann Daniel Donat, Emperor Leopold II in the Regalia of the Golden Fleece (1806).png Leopold II 20 February 1790 1 March 1792 Maria Luisa of Spain  • Son of Maria Theresa

 • Younger brother of Joseph II

HGM Kupelwieser Porträt Kaiser Franz I.jpg Francis 1 March 1792 2 March 1805 (1) Elisabeth of Württemberg
(2) Maria Theresa of Naples and Sicily
(3) Maria Ludovika of Austria-Este
(4) Caroline Augusta of Bavaria
 • Son of Leopold II
Ferdinand I; Keizer van Oostenrijk.jpg Ferdinand V the Benign 2 March 1835 2 December 1848 Maria Anna of Savoy  • Son of Francis
Franz Joseph of Austria 1910 old.jpg Francis Joseph I 2 December 1848 21 November 1916 Elisabeth of Austria  • Nephew of Ferdinand V
Theodor Mayerhofer Kaiser Karl I von österreich 1917.jpg Charles IV the Blessed 21 November 1916 16 November 1918 Zita of Bourbon-Parma  • Great-nephew of Francis Joseph I

Heads of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine since 1918[edit]

Portrait Name Claimant From Claimant Until Marriage(s) Relationship with Predecessor(s)
Charles I of Austria.jpg Charles IV the Blessed 16 November 1918 1 April 1922 Zita of Bourbon-Parma  • Great-nephew of Francis Joseph I
Habsburgotto.jpg Otto von Habsburg
(Otto II)
1 April 1922 4 July 2011 Regina of Saxe-Meiningen  • Son of Charles IV
L’archiduc Charles d’Autriche.jpg Karl von Habsburg
(Charles V)
4 July 2011 Incumbent Francesca Thyssen-Bornemisza  • Son of Otto

Timeline[edit]

Treaty of Trianon Ausgleich Treaty of Passarowitz Battle of Mohács Stephen I of Hungary List of Ottoman sultans Habsburg-Lorraine List of rulers of Transylvania Habsburg Szapolyai Miklós Horthy Habsburg-Lorraine Jagiellon Hunyadi Luxemburg dynasty Anjou Árpáds

References[edit]

[1]
[2][3][4][5]

  1. ^ Allan Ellenius, Wim Blockmans, European Science Foundation; The Origins of the Modern State in Europe: 13th to 18th Centuries, Oxford University Press, 1998
  2. ^ Bálint Hóman, Gyula Szekfű, Gyula Szekfu; Magyar történet; Királyi Magyar Egyetemi Nyomda, 1938
  3. ^ Štefan Holčík; Korunovačné slávnosti, Bratislava 1563–1830, Tatran, 1986
  4. ^ Jenő Vértesy; Kölcsey Ferencz, Nyomatott a Magyar királyi Egyetemi könyvnyomdában, 1885
  5. ^ Slovenská akadémia vied; Historický časopis, Vydatelʹstvo Slovenskej akadémie vied, 1985

External links[edit]

See also[edit]