List of scientific publications by Albert Einstein

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A yellowed piece of paper with two main paragraphs of black, handwritten text and some marginalia, strikethroughs, and underlines
First page from Einstein's manuscript explaining general relativity.

Albert Einstein (1879–1955) was a renowned theoretical physicist of the 20th century, best known for his theories of special relativity and general relativity. He also made important contributions to statistical mechanics, especially his treatment of Brownian motion, his resolution of the paradox of specific heats, and his connection of fluctuations and dissipation. Despite his reservations about its interpretation, Einstein also made seminal contributions to quantum mechanics and, indirectly, quantum field theory, primarily through his theoretical studies of the photon.[1]

Einstein's scientific publications are listed below in four tables: journal articles, book chapters, books and authorized translations. Each publication is indexed in the first column by its number in the Schilpp bibliography (Albert Einstein: Philosopher–Scientist, pp. 694–730) and by its article number in Einstein's Collected Papers. Complete references for these two bibliographies may be found below in the Bibliography section. The Schilpp numbers are used for cross-referencing in the Notes (the final column of each table), since they cover a greater time period of Einstein's life at present. The English translations of titles are generally taken from the published volumes of the Collected Papers. For some publications, however, such official translations are not available; unofficial translations are indicated with a § superscript. Although the tables are presented in chronological order by default, each table can be re-arranged in alphabetical order for any column by the reader clicking on the arrows at the top of that column. For illustration, to re-order a table by subject—e.g., to group together articles that pertain to "General relativity" or "Specific heats"—one need only click on the arrows in the "Classification and Notes" columns. To print out the re-sorted table, one may print it directly by using the web-browser Print option; the "Printable version" link at the left gives only the default sorting. Collaborative works by Einstein are highlighted in lavender, with the co-author(s) provided in the final column of the table.

Einstein's many non-scientific works are not included here, to limit both the article's focus and size. The division of scientific and non-scientific works follows the Schilpp bibliography, which cites over 130 non-scientific works, often on humanitarian or political topics (pp. 730–746). Five volumes of Einstein's Collected Papers (volumes 1, 5, 8–10) are devoted to his correspondence, much of which is concerned with scientific questions. These letters are likewise not listed here, since they were not prepared for publication.

Chronology and major themes[edit]

A black-and-white photograph of a man standing in front of a chaulk board, holding a piece of chaulk in his right hand, and resting his left hand on a table
Einstein in 1921.

The following station of Einstein's scientific discoveries provides a context for the publications listed below, and clarifies the major themes running through his work. The first four entries come from his Annus Mirabilis papers or miracle year papers.

  • In 1935, together with Boris Podolsky and Nathan Rosen, Einstein put forward what is now known as the EPR paradox, and argued that the quantum-mechanical wave function must be an incomplete description of the physical world.[20]
  • In the final thirty years of his life, Einstein explored whether various classical unified field theories could account for both electromagnetism and gravitation and, possibly, quantum mechanics. However, his efforts were unsuccessful, since those theories did not match experimental observations.[21]

Journal articles[edit]

Most of Einstein's original scientific work appeared as journal articles. Articles on which Einstein collaborated with other scientists are highlighted in lavender, with the co-author(s) listed in the "Classification and notes" column.

Index[notes 1] Year Title and English translation[notes 2] Journal, volume, pages[notes 3] Classification and notes[notes 4]
Schilpp 1; CP 2, 1 1901 Folgerungen aus den Kapillaritätserscheinungen
Conclusions Drawn from the Phenomena of Capillarity
Annalen der Physik (ser. 4), 4, 513–523, link Intermolecular forces.[22] The first of two papers in which Einstein proposed the (incorrect) theory that the interactions between all molecules are a universal function of distance, in analogy with the inverse-square force of gravity. Once parameterized, his theory makes reasonably accurate predictions for heavier hydrophobic molecules, but fails for lighter molecules.
Schilpp 2; CP 2, 2 1902 Thermodynamische Theorie der Potentialdifferenz zwischen Metallen und vollständig dissoziierten Lösungen ihrer Salze, und eine elektrische Methode zur Erforschung der Molekularkräfte
On the Thermodynamic Theory of the Difference in Potentials between Metals and Fully Dissociated Solutions of Their Salts and on an Electrical Method for Investigating Molecular Forces
Annalen der Physik (ser. 4), 8, 798–814, link Intermolecular forces.[23] Einstein's second paper on a universal molecular energy function, this time applied to electrolytic solutions. No data are available for comparison. Einstein characterizes these two papers as "worthless" in 1907.[24]
Schilpp 3; CP 2, 3 1902 Kinetische Theorie des Wärmegleichgewichtes und des zweiten Hauptsatzes der Thermodynamik
Kinetic Theory of Thermal Equilibrium and of the Second Law of Thermodynamics
Annalen der Physik (ser. 4), 9, 417–433, link Statistical mechanics.[25] Study of the equipartition theorem and the definitions of temperature and entropy.
Schilpp 4; CP 2, 4 1903 Eine Theorie der Grundlagen der Thermodynamik
A Theory of the Foundations of Thermodynamics
Annalen der Physik (ser. 4), 11, 170–187, link Statistical mechanics.[26] The problem of irreversibility in thermodynamics.
Schilpp 5; CP 2, 5 1904 Allgemeine molekulare Theorie der Wärme
On the General Molecular Theory of Heat
Annalen der Physik (ser. 4), 14, 354–362, link Statistical mechanics.[27] Fluctuations and new methods for determining Boltzmann's constant.
CP 2, 6 1905 Review of Giuseppe Belluzzo: "Principi di termodinamica grafica"
Review of Giuseppe Belluzzo: "Principles of Graphic Thermodynamics"
Beiblätter zu den Annalen der Physik, 29, 78 Thermodynamics.
CP 2, 7 1905 Review of Albert Fliegner: "Über den Clausius'schen Entropiesatz"
Review of Albert Fliegner: "On Clausius's Law of Entropy"
Beiblätter zu den Annalen der Physik, 29, 79 Thermodynamics.
CP 2, 8 1905 Review of William McFadden Orr: "On Clausius' Theorem for Irreversible Cycles, and on the Increase of Entropy" Beiblätter zu den Annalen der Physik, 29, 79 Thermodynamics.
CP 2, 9 1905 Review of George Hartley Bryan: "The Law of Degradation of Energy as the Fundamental Principle of Thermodynamics" Beiblätter zu den Annalen der Physik, 29, 80 Thermodynamics.
<m/span>CP 2, 10 1905 Review of Nikolay Nikolayevich Schiller: "Einige Bedenken betreffend die Theorie der Entropievermehrung durch Diffusion der Gase bei einander gleichen Anfangsspannungen der letzteren"
Review of Nikolay Nikolayevich Schiller: "Some Concerns Regarding the Theory of Entropy Increase Due to the Diffusion of Gases Where the Initial Pressures of the Latter Are Equal"
Beiblätter zu den Annalen der Physik, 29, 81 Thermodynamics.
CP 2, 11 1905 Review of Jakob Johann Weyrauch: "Über die spezifischen Wärmen des überhitzten Wasserdampfes"
Review of Jakob Johann Weyrauch: "On the specific Heats of Superheated Water Vapor"
Beiblätter zu den Annalen der Physik, 29, 82 Thermodynamics.
CP 2, 12 1905 Review of Jacobus Henricus van't Hoff: "Einfluss der Änderung der spezifischen Wärme auf die Umwandlungsarbeit"
Review of Jacobus Henricus van't Hoff: "The Influence of the Change in Specific Heat on the Work of Conversion"
Beiblätter zu den Annalen der Physik, 29, 82 Thermodynamics.
CP 2, 13 1905 Review of Arturo Giammarco: "Un caso di corrispondenza in termodinamica"
Review of Arturo Giammarco: "A Case of Corresponding States in Thermodynamics"
Beiblätter zu den Annalen der Physik, 29, 84 Thermodynamics.
Schilpp 7; CP 2, 14 1905 Über einen die Erzeugung und Verwandlung des Lichtes betreffenden heuristischen Gesichtspunkt
On a Heuristic Point of View Concerning the Production and Transformation of Light
Annalen der Physik (ser. 4), 17, 132–148, link Photons.[28] Proposal of the photon as a quantum of energy, supported by many independent arguments.
Schilpp 8; CP 2, 16 1905 Über die von der molekularkinetischen Theorie der Wärme geforderte Bewegung von in ruhenden Flüssigkeiten suspendierten Teilchen
On the Movement of Small Particles Suspended in Stationary Liquids Required by the Molecular-Kinetic Theory of Heat
Annalen der Physik (ser. 4), 17, 549–560, link Statistical mechanics.[29] Seminal treatment of Brownian motion, a type of translational diffusion.
CP 2, 17 1905 Review of Karl Fredrik Slotte: "Über die Schmelzwärme"
Review of Karl Fredrik Slotte: "On the Heat of Fusion"
Beiblätter zu den Annalen der Physik, 29, 135 Thermodynamics.
CP 2, 18 1905 Review of Karl Fredrik Slotte: "Folgerungen aus einer thermodynamischen Gleichung"
Review of Karl Fredrik Slotte: "Conclusions Drawn from a Thermodynamic Equation"
Beiblätter zu den Annalen der Physik, 29, 135 Thermodynamics.
CP 2, 19 1905 Review of Emile Mathias: "La constante a des diamètres rectilignes et les lois des états correspondents"
Review of Emile Mathias: "The Constant a of Rectilinear Diameters and the Laws of Corresponding States"
Beiblätter zu den Annalen der Physik, 29, 136 Thermodynamics.
CP 2, 20 1905 Review of Max Planck: "On Clausius' Theorem for Irreversible Cycles, and on the Increase of Entropy" Beiblätter zu den Annalen der Physik, 29, 29 (1905) 137 Thermodynamics.
CP 2, 21 1905 Review of Edgar Buckingham: "On Certain Difficulties Which Are Encountered in the Study of Thermodynamics" Beiblätter zu den Annalen der Physik, 29, 137 Thermodynamics.
CP 2, 22 1905 Review of Paul Langevin: "Sur une formule fondamentale de la théorie cinétique"
Review of Paul Langevin: "On a Fundamental Formula of the Kinetic Theory"
Beiblätter zu den Annalen der Physik, 29, 138 Thermodynamics.
Schilpp 9; CP 2, 23 1905 Zur Elektrodynamik bewegter Körper
On the Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies
Annalen der Physik (ser. 4), 17, 891–921, link, Wikilivres Special relativity.[30] This seminal paper gave birth to special relativity (SR). In particular, it stated the two postulates of SR (uniform motion is undetectable, and the speed of light is always constant) and its kinematics.
Schilpp 10; CP 2, 24 1905 Ist die Trägheit eines Körpers von seinem Energieinhalt abhängig?
Does the Inertia of a Body Depend upon its Energy Content?
Annalen der Physik (ser. 4), 18, 639–641, link Special relativity.[31] This paper derived the conclusion that mass was equivalent to an energy and vice versa, leading to the famous equation E=mc2.
CP 2, 25 1905 Review of Heinrich Birven: Grundzüge der mechanischen Wärmetheorie
Review of Heinrich Birven: Fundamentals of the Mechanical Theory of Heat
Beiblätter zu den Annalen der Physik, 29, 175 Thermodynamics.
CP 2, 26 1905 Review of Auguste Ponsot: "Chaleur dans le déplacement de 1'équilibre d'un système capillaire"
Review of Auguste Ponsot: "Heat in the Displacement of the Equilibrium of a Capillary System"
Beiblätter zu den Annalen der Physik, 29, 175 Thermodynamics.
CP 2, 27 1905 Review of Karl Bohlin: "Sur le choc, considéré comme fondement des théories cinétiques de la pression des gaz et de la gravitation universelle"
Review of Karl Bohlin: "On Impact Considered as the Basis of Kinetic Theories of Gas Pressure and of Universal Gravitation"
Beiblätter zu den Annalen der Physik, 29, 176 Thermodynamics.
CP 2, 28 1905 Review of Georges Meslin: "Sur la constante de la loi de Mariotte et GayLussac"
Review of Georges Meslin: "On the Constant in Mariotte and GayLussac's Law"
Beiblätter zu den Annalen der Physik, 29, 177 Thermodynamics.
CP 2, 29 1905 Review of Albert Fliegner: "Das Ausströmen heissen Wassers aus Gefässmündungen"
Review of Albert Fliegner: "The Efflux of Hot Water from Container Orifices
Beiblätter zu den Annalen der Physik, 29, 177 Thermodynamics.
CP 2, 30 1905 Review of Jakob Johann Weyrauch: Grundriss der Wärmetheorie. Mit zahlreichen Beispielen und Anwendungen
Review of Jakob Johann Weyrauch: "An Outline of the Theory of Heat. With Numerous Examples and Applications. Part 1
Beiblätter zu den Annalen der Physik, 29, 178 Thermodynamics.
CP 2, 31 1905 Review of Albert Fliegner: "Über den Wärmewert chemischer Vorgänge"
Review of Albert Fliegner: "On the Thermal Value of Chemical Processes"
Beiblätter zu den Annalen der Physik, 29, 179 Thermodynamics.
Schilpp 11; CP 2, 33 1906 Eine neue Bestimmung der Moleküldimensionen
A New Determination of Molecular Dimensions
Annalen der Physik (ser. 4), 19, 289–306, link Statistical mechanics.[32] Hydrodynamic determination of molecular volumes.
Schilpp 12; CP 2, 32 1906 Zur Theorie der Brownschen Bewegung
On the Theory of Brownian Motion
Annalen der Physik (ser. 4), 19, 371–381, link Statistical mechanics.[33] Rotational Brownian motion, an example of rotational diffusion.
Schilpp 13; CP 2, 34 1906 Theorie der Lichterzeugung und Lichtabsorption
On the Theory of Light Production and Light Absorption
Annalen der Physik (ser. 4), 20, 199–206, link Photons.[34] Einstein reconciles his and Planck's independent derivations of the blackbody formula E=hν. Planck's derivation of this formula ascribed it to a restriction on the energy changes possible when radiation is produced or absorbed by matter, which implied no restriction on the energies of either matter or radiation. Einstein's 1905 derivation ascribed it to a restriction on the energy of radiation alone, but in this paper, he proposes the modern idea that the energies of both matter and radiation are quantized, which led to his work on quantum specific heats, such as reference #16.
Schilpp 14; CP 2, 35 1906 Prinzip von der Erhaltung der Schwerpunktsbewegung und die Trägheit der Energie
The Principle of Conservation of Motion of the Center of Gravity and the Inertia of Energy
Annalen der Physik (ser. 4), 20, 627–633, link Special relativity.[35] First statement that the conservation of mass is a special case of the conservation of energy.
Schilpp 15; CP 2, 36 1906 Eine Methode zur Bestimmung des Verhältnisses der transversalen und longitudinalen Masse des Elektrons
On a Method for the Determination of the Ratio of the Transverse and the Longitudinal Mass of the Electron
Annalen der Physik (ser. 4), 21, 583–586, link Special relativity.[36] A French translation appeared in the journal L'Éclairage électrique, volume 49, pages 493–494.
CP 2, 37 1906 Review of Max Planck: Vorlesungen über die Theorie der Wärmestrahlung
Review of Max Planck: Lectures on the Theory of Thermal Radiation
Beiblätter zu den Annalen der Physik, 30, 211 Statistical mechanics.
Schilpp 16; CP 2, 38 1907 Plancksche Theorie der Strahlung und die Theorie der Spezifischen Wärme
Planck's Theory of Radiation and the Theory of Specific Heat
Annalen der Physik (ser. 4), 22, 180–190, 800 link and correction Specific heats.[37] Seminal work applying Planck's law to the oscillations of atoms and molecules in solids. Resolved the 19th-century paradox of the equipartition theorem in classical physics, and introduced the Einstein model of solids, which led to the current Debye model. Showed that the quantum mechanical law E=hν was a general law of physics, and not merely special to blackbody radiation.
Schilpp 17; CP 2, 39 1907 Gültigkeit des Satzes vom thermodynamischen Gleichgewicht und die Möglichkeit einer neuen Bestimmung der Elementarquanta
On the Limit of Validity of the Law of Thermodynamic Equilibrium and on the Possibility of a New Determination of the Elementary Quanta
Annalen der Physik (ser. 4), 22, 569–572, link Statistical mechanics.[38] Applies his theory of fluctuations to determine Boltzmann's constant from the voltage fluctuations in a capacitor. Resulted in a novel low-noise technique for amplifying voltages, as described in reference #25.
Schilpp 18; CP 2, 41 1907 Möglichkeit einer neuen Prüfung des Relativitätsprinzips
On the Possibility of a New Test of the Relativity Principle
Annalen der Physik (ser. 4), 23, 197–198, link Special relativity.[39] Einstein's discovery of the transverse Doppler effect, in which the perceived frequency is shifted even when the line between the wave source and receiver and the source's velocity are perpendicular.
Schilpp 19 1907 Bemerkung zur Notiz des Herrn P. Ehrenfest: Translation deformierbarer Elektronen und der Flächensatz
Comments on the Note of Mr. Paul Ehrenfest: The Translatory Motion of Deformable Electrons and the Area Law
Annalen der Physik (ser. 4), 23, 206–208, link Special relativity.[40] Discusses the difficulty of applying Lorentz transformations to rigid bodies.
Schilpp 20; CP 2, 45 1907 Die vom Relativätsprinzip geforderte Trägheit der Energie
On the Inertia of Energy Required by the Relativity Principle
Annalen der Physik (ser. 4), 23, 371–384, link Special relativity.[41] First statement that the total energy of a particle in rest equals E=mc2. Derives the transformation of energy and momentum under the influence of external forces (relativistic dynamics). Notes again the difficulty of applying Lorentz transformations to rigid bodies (see reference #19). Finally, speculates that Maxwell's equations will prove to be the limiting case for large numbers of light-quanta, just as thermodynamics is a limiting case of statistical mechanics.
CP 2, 46 1907 Review of Jakob Johann Weyrauch: Grundriss der Wärmetheorie. Mit zahlreichen Beispielen und Anwendungen
Review of Jakob Johann Weyrauch: An Outline of the Theory of Heat. With Numerous Examples and Applications. Part 2.
Beiblätter zu den Annalen der Physik, 31, 251 Thermodynamics.
Schilpp 21; CP 2, 47 1907 Relativitätsprinzip und die aus demselben gezogenen Folgerungen
On the Relativity Principle and the Conclusions Drawn from It
Jahrbuch der Radioaktivität, 4, 411–462, link Special and general relativity.[42] A correction appeared in volume 5, pp. 98–99, Berichtigungen. First appearance (page 443) of the equation E=mc2. This paper also marks the beginning of Einstein's long development of general relativity; here he derives the equivalence principle, gravitational redshift, and the gravitational bending of light. Einstein returns to these topics in 1911.
Schilpp 22; CP 2, 40 1907 Theoretische Bemerkungen über die Brownsche Bewegung
Theoretical Remarks on Brownian Motion
Zeitschrift für Elektrochemie und angewandte physikalische Chemie, 13, 41–42 Statistical mechanics.[43] Brief note on the technical meaning of "average velocity".
Schilpp 23; CP 2, 51 1908 Elektromagnetische Grundgleichungen für bewegte Körper
On the Fundamental Electromagnetic Equations for Moving Bodies
Annalen der Physik (ser. 4), 26, 532–540, link Special relativity.[44] Co-authored with J. Laub. A correction appeared in volume 27, p.232, Berichtigungen. See also publication #27.
Schilpp 24; CP 2, 52 1908 Die im elektromagnetischen Felde auf ruhende Körper ausgeübten ponderomotorischen Kräfte
On the Ponderomotive Forces Exerted on Bodies at Rest in the Electromagnetic Field
Annalen der Physik (ser. 4), 26, 541–550, link Special relativity.[45] Co-authored with J. Laub.
Schilpp 25; CP 2, 48 1908 Neue elektrostatische Methode zur Messung kleiner Elektrizitätsmengen
A New Electrostatic Method for the Measurement of Small Quantities of Electricity
Physikalische Zeitschrift, 9, 216–217 Electromagnetism.[46] Novel experimental method for measuring tiny amounts of charge, by first charging a variable capacitor at low capacitance, then changing it to high capacitance and discharging it to another capacitor. An apparatus for this amplification was constructed by two brothers, Johann Conrad Habicht and Franz Paul Habicht, in collaboration with Einstein and published in Physikalische Zeitschrift, 11, 532 (1910).
Schilpp 26; CP 2, 50 1908 Elementare Theorie der Brownschen Bewegung
Elementary Theory of Brownian Motion
Zeitschrift für Elektrochemie, 14, 235–239 Statistical mechanics.[47] Semi-popular review.
Schilpp 27; CP 2, 54 1909 Bemerkungen zu unserer Arbeit: Elektromagnetische Grundgleichungen für bewegte Körper
Remarks on Our Paper: On the Fundamental Electromagnetic Equations for Moving Bodies
Annalen der Physik (ser. 4), 28, 445–447, link Special relativity.[44] Co-authored with J. Laub.
Schilpp 28; CP 2, 55 1909 Bemerkung zur Arbeit von Mirimanoff: Die Grundgleichungen...
Comment on the Paper of D. Mirimanoff: On the Fundamental Equations...
Annalen der Physik (ser. 4), 28, 885–888, link Special relativity.[48] Notes similarity to Hermann Minkowski's work.
Schilpp 29; CP 2, 56 1909 Zum gegenwärtigen Stande des Strahlungsproblems
On the Present Status of the Radiation Problem
Physikalische Zeitschrift, 10, 185–193 Photons.[49] Review article on electromagnetic radiation, and an important forerunner of publication #30.
Schilpp 29b; CP 2, 57 1909 No title Physikalische Zeitschrift, 10, 323–324 Photons.[50] Walther Ritz's joint communique with Einstein (co-author) on their differing viewpoints of the advanced and retarded solutions of Maxwell's equations. Einstein argues that the physical restriction to retarded solutions is not a law, but probabilistic; Ritz states that the same restriction is the basis of the 2nd law of thermodynamics.
Schilpp 30; CP 2, 60 1909 Entwicklung unserer Anschauungen über das Wesen und die Konstitution der Strahlung
On the Development of Our Views Concerning the Nature and Constitution of Radiation
Physikalische Zeitschrift, 10, 817–825 Photons.[51] Pivotal address before the 81st assembly of the Gesellschaft Deutscher Naturforscher, held in Salzburg, where Einstein showed that photons must carry momentum and should be treated as particles. Notes that electromagnetic radiation must have a dual nature, at once both wave-like and particulate. Also published in the journal Deutsche physikalische Gesellschaft, Verhandlungen, 11, pp. 482–500. An English translation is available at the English Wikisource.
Schilpp 31; CP 3, 7 1910 Über einen Satz der Wahrscheinlichkeitsrechnung und seine Anwendung in der Strahlungstheorie
On a Theorem of the Probability Calculus and Its Application in the Theory of Radiation
Annalen der Physik (ser. 4), 33, 1096–1104, link Photons.[52] Co-authored with L. Hopf. See also publication #79.
Schilpp 32; CP 3, 8 1910 Statistische Untersuchung der Bewegung eines Resonators in einem Strahlungsfeld
Statistical Investigation of a Resonator's Motion in a Radiation Field
Annalen der Physik (ser. 4), 33, 1105–1115, link Photons.[53] Co-authored with L. Hopf.
Schilpp 33; CP 3, 9 1910 Theorie der Opaleszenz von homogenen Flüssigkeiten und Flüssigkeitsgemischen in der Nähe des kritischen Zustandes
The Theory of the Opalescence of Homogeneous Fluids and Liquid Mixtures near the Critical State
Annalen der Physik (ser. 4), 33, 1275–1298, link Statistical mechanics.[54] Seminal paper on critical opalescence.
Schilpp 34; CP 3, 2 1910 Principe de relativité et ses conséquences dans la physique moderne
The Principle of Relativity and Its Consequences in Modern Physics
Archives des sciences physiques et naturelles (ser. 4), 29, 5–28, 125–244 Special relativity.[55] Translation by E. Guillaume, but does not correspond to reference #21.
Schilpp 35; CP 3, 5 1910 Théorie des quantités lumineuses et la question de la localisation de l'énergie électromagnetique
On the Theory of Light Quanta and the Question of the Localization of Electromagnetic Energy
Archives des sciences physiques et naturelles (ser. 4), 29, 525–528 Photons.
Schilpp 36; CP 3, 6 1910 Forces pondéromotrices qui agissent sur les conducteurs ferromagnétiques disposés dans un champs magnétique et parcourus par un courant
On the Ponderomotive Forces Acting on Ferromagnetic Conductors Carrying a Current in a Magnetic Field
Archives des sciences physiques et naturelles (ser. 4), 30, 323–324 Electromagnetism.[56]
Schilpp 37; CP 3, 12 1911 Bemerkung zu dem Gesetz von Eötvös
Comment on Eötvös's Law
Annalen der Physik (ser. 4), 34, 165–169, link Intermolecular forces and fluid mechanics.[57]
Schilpp 38; CP 3, 13 1911 Beziehung zwischen dem elastischen Verhalten und der Spezifischen Wärme mit einatomigem Molekül
A Relationship between Elastic Behavior and Specific Heat in Solids with a Monatomic Molecule
Annalen der Physik (ser. 4), 34, 170–174, link Specific heats.[58] Einstein tries to connect a characteristic frequency in his 1907 theory of specific heats to the elastic properties of the solid. See also Bemerkung zu meiner Arbeit: 'Eine Beziehung zwischen dem elastischen Verhalten ...'", p. 590.
Schilpp 39; CP 3, 10 1911 Bemerkungen zu den P. Hertzschen Arbeiten: Mechanische Grundlagen der Thermodynamik
Comments on P. Hertz's Papers: On the Mechanical Foundations of Thermodynamics
Annalen der Physik (ser. 4), 34, 175–176, link Statistical mechanics.[59]
Schilpp 40; CP 3, 14 1911 Berichtigung zu meiner Arbeit: Eine neue Bestimmung der Moleküldimensionen
Correction to My Paper: A New Determination of Molecular Dimensions
Annalen der Physik (ser. 4), 34, 591–592, link Statistical mechanics.[60] Correction to publication #11 that produces an excellent estimate of the Avogadro constant.[61]
Schilpp 41; CP 3, 21 1911 Elementare Betrachtungen über die thermische Molekularbewegung in festen Körpern
Elementary Observations on Thermal Molecular Motion in Solids
Annalen der Physik (ser. 4), 35, 679–694, link Specific heats.[62] Recognizing that his 1907 model of specific heats is incorrect at very low temperatures, Einstein tries to improve it. The correct answer came a year later with the Debye model.
Schilpp 42; CP 3, 23 1911 Einfluss der Schwerkraft auf die Ausbreitung des Lichtes
On the Influence of Gravitation on the Propagation of Light
Annalen der Physik (ser. 4), 35, 898–908, link General relativity.[63] In this paper, Einstein resumes his development of general relativity, last discussed in 1907. Here, Einstein realizes that a new theory is needed to replace both special relativity and Newton's theory of gravitation. He also realizes that special relativity and the equivalence principle hold locally, not globally.
Schilpp 43; CP 3, 17 1911 Relativitätstheorie
The Theory of Relativity
Naturforschende Gesellschaft, Zürich, Vierteljahresschrift, 56, 1–14 Special and (possibly) general relativity.[64] An address given at the conference of the Zurich Society of Scientists.
Schilpp 44; CP 3, 22 1911 Zum Ehrenfestschen Paradoxon
On the Ehrenfest Paradox
Physikalische Zeitschrift, 12, 509–510 Special relativity.[65] Clears up confusion about the Lorentz contraction.
Schilpp 45; CP 4, 2 and 5 1912 Thermodynamische Begründung des photochemischen Äquivalentgesetzes
Thermodynamic Proof of the Law of Photochemical Equivalence
Annalen der Physik (ser. 4), 37, 832–838, link Statistical mechanics.[66] See also volume 38, pp. 881–884, Nachtrag zu meiner Arbeit: 'Thermodynamische Begründung des photochemischen Äquivalentgesetzes'
Schilpp 46; CP 4, 3 1912 Lichtgeschwindigkeit und Statik des Gravitationsfeldes
The Speed of Light and the Statics of the Gravitational Field
Annalen der Physik (ser. 4), 38, 355–369, link General relativity.[67] First of two papers (see next entry for second) in the continuing development of general relativity (see reference #42). These two papers are the last in which Einstein allows time to be warped while keeping space flat (uncurved). In these papers, he realizes that the Lorentz transformations of special relativity must be generalized and that the new theory of gravitation must be non-linear, since gravitational energy can itself gravitate.[68]
Schilpp 47; CP 4, 4 1912 Theorie des statischen Gravitationsfeldes
On the Theory of the Static Gravitational Field
Annalen der Physik (ser. 4), 38, 443–458, link General relativity.[69] Second of two papers (see previous entry for first) in the continuing development of general relativity.
Schilpp 48; CP 4, 6 1912 Antwort auf eine Bemerkung von J. Stark: Anwendung des Planckschen Elementargesetzes
Response to a Comment by J. Stark: 'On an Application of Planck's Fundamental Law...
Annalen der Physik (ser. 4), 38, 888, link Photons.[70]
Schilpp 49; CP 4, 8 1912 Relativität und Gravitation: Erwiderung auf eine Bemerkung von M. Abraham
Relativity and Gravitation. Reply to a Comment by M. Abraham
Annalen der Physik (ser. 4), 38, 1059–1064, link General relativity.[71]
Schilpp 50; CP 4, 9 1912 Bemerkung zu Abraham's vorangehender Auseinandersetzung: Nochmals Relativität und Gravitation
Comment on Abraham's Preceding Discussion 'Once Again, Relativity and Gravitation
Annalen der Physik (ser. 4), 39, 704, link General relativity.[72]
Schilpp 52; CP 4, 7 1912 Gibt es eine Gravitationswirkung die der elektromagnetischen Induktionswirkung analog ist?
Is There a Gravitational Effect Which Is Analogous to Electrodynamic Induction?
Vierteljahrschrift für gerichtliche Medizin (ser. 3), 44, 37–40 General relativity.[73]
Schilpp 53; CP 4, 13 1913 Entwurf einer verallgemeinerten Relativitätstheorie und eine Theorie der Gravitation. I. Physikalischer Teil von A. Einstein II. Mathematischer Teil von M. Grossmann
Outline of a Generalized Theory of Relativity and of a Theory of Gravitation. I. Physical Part by A. Einstein II. Mathematical Part by M. Grossmann
Zeitschrift für Mathematik und Physik, 62, 225–244, 245–261 General relativity.[74] A breakthrough paper, written in collaboration with Marcel Grossmann, in which the single Newtonian scalar gravitational field is replaced by ten fields, which are the components of a symmetric, four-dimensional metric tensor. However, the correct equations describing these fields are not identified. Reviewed critically in reference #68. See also references #21, 42, 46 and 47.
Schilpp 54; CP 4, 11 1913 Einige Argumente für die Annahme einer molekular Agitation beim absoluten Nullpunkt
Some Arguments for the Assumption of Molecular Agitation at Absolute Zero
Annalen der Physik (ser. 4), 40, 551–560, link Specific heats.[75] Co-authored with O. Stern. Einstein and Stern attempt to explain the specific heats of diatomic gases, such as molecular hydrogen, H2. Although qualitatively correct, they are quantitatively inaccurate.[76]
Schilpp 55; CP 4, 12 1913 Déduction thermodynamique de la loi de l'équivalence photochimique
Thermodynamic Deduction of the Law of Photochemical Equivalence
Journal de physique (ser. 5), 3, 277–282 Statistical mechanics.[77] Not a translation of reference #45, but rather an address before the Société Française de Physique, held on March 27, 1913.
Schilpp 56; CP 4, 16 1913 Physikalische Grundlagen einer Gravitationstheorie
Physical Foundations of a Theory of Gravitation
Naturforschende Gesellschaft, Zürich, Vierteljahrsschrift, 58, 284–290 General relativity.[78] Address before the Swiss Society of Scientists on September 9, 1913. A résumé is printed in the Schweizerische naturforschende Gesellschaft, Verhandlungen, 1913 (part 2), pp. 137–138.
Schilpp 57; CP 4, 23 1913 Max Planck als Forscher
Max Planck as Scientist
Naturwissenschaften, 1, 1077–1079 History of physics.[79]
Schilpp 58; CP 4, 17 1913 Zum gegenwärtigen Stande des Gravitationsproblems
On the Present State of the Problem of Gravitation
Physikalische Zeitschrift, 14, 1249–1266 General relativity.[80] Address on September 21, 1913 to the 85th Versammlung Deutscher Naturforscher in Vienna. The discussion following Einstein's address is included in this citation. This review was also published in the Gesellschaft deutscher Naturforscher und Ärzte, Verhandlungen, 1914, pp. 3–24. A referat was also published in the journal Himmel und Erde, 26, pp. 90–93.
Schilpp 59; CP 4, 28 1914 Nordströmsche Gravitationstheorie vom Standpunkt des absoluten Differentialkalküls
Nordstöm's Theory of Gravitation from the Point of View of the Absolute Differential Calculus
Annalen der Physik (ser. 4), 44, 321–328, link General relativity.[81] Co-authored with A. D. Fokker. Shows that the competing field theory of Gunnar Nordström could be recast as a special case of the Einstein-Grossmann equations (see reference #53).
Schilpp 60 1914 Bases physiques d'une théorie de la gravitation
Physical Foundations of a Theory of Gravitation§
Archives des sciences physiques et naturelles (ser. 4), 37, 5–12 General relativity.[78] Translated by E. Guillaume.
Schilpp 61 1914 Bemerkung zu P. Harzers Abhandlung: Die Mitführung des Lichtes in Glas und die Aberration
Observation on P. Harzer's Article: Dragging of Light in Glass and Aberration§
Astronomische Nachrichten, 199, 8–10, link Electromagnetism and special relativity.[82]
Schilpp 62 1914 Antwort auf eine Replik P. Harzers
Answer to P. Harzer's Reply§
Astronomische Nachrichten, 199, 47–48, link Electromagnetism and special relativity.[82]
Schilpp 63 1914 Zum gegenwärtigen Stande des Problems der spezifischen Wärme
On the Present Status of the Problem of Specific Heats§
Deutsche Bunsengesellschaft, Abhandlungen, 7, 330–364 Specific heats. German edition of reference #51; pages 353–364 include the discussion following Einstein's address.
Schilpp 64; CP 6, 5 1914 Beiträge zur Quantentheorie
Contributions to Quantum Theory§
Deutsche physikalische Gesellschaft, Berichte, 1914, 820–828 Quantum mechanics.[83] Reprinted in volume 16 of the Verhandlungen of the same society.
Schilpp 65; CP 4, 27 1914 Zur Theorie der Gravitation
On the Theory of Gravitation
Naturforschende Gesellschaft, Zürich, Vierteljahrsschrift, 59, 4–6 General relativity.[84]
Schilpp 66 1914 Review of H. A. Lorentz: Das Relativitätsprinzip
Review of H. A. Lorentz: The Principle of Relativity§
Naturwissenschaften, 2, 1018 Special and (possibly) general relativity.[85]
Schilpp 67; CP 4, 24 1914 Nachträgliche Antwort auf eine Frage von Reissner
Supplementary Response to a Question by Mr. Reißner
Physikalische Zeitschrift, 15, 108–110 General relativity.[86] Concerns the mass of a gravitational field itself.
Schilpp 68; CP 4, 25 1914 Principielles zur verallgemeinerten Relativitätstheorie und Gravitationstheorie
On the Foundations of the Generalized Theory of Relativity and the Theory of Gravitation
Physikalische Zeitschrift, 15, 176–180 General relativity.[87] Reply to Gustav Mie on the relationship between reference #53 and Hermann Minkowski's work.
Schilpp 69; CP 6, 3 1914 Antrittsrede
Inaugural Address§
Sitzungsberichte der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 1914 (pt. 2), 739–742 General relativity.[88]
Schilpp 70; CP 6, 9 1914 Formale Grundlage der allgemeinen Relativitätstheorie
Formal Foundations of the General Theory of Relativity§
Preussische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Sitzungsberichte, 1914 (part 2), 1030–1085 General relativity.[89] An important paper in the development of general relativity. Einstein still has not derived correct field equations, but he derives the geodesic motion of point particles, relates gravitational fields to rotation, and re-derives his 1907 results about the bending of light and gravitational redshift using the new metric tensor theory.
Schilpp 71; CP 4, 31 1914 Zum Relativitätsproblem
On the Relativity Problem
Scientia (Bologna), 15, 337–348 link Special and (possibly) general relativity.[90]
Schilpp 72 1914 Physikalische Grundlagen und leitende Gedanken für eine Gravitationstheorie
Physical Foundations and Suggestive Thoughts for a Gravitational Theory§
Verhandlungen der Schweizerischen naturforschenden Gesellschaft, 96 (pt. 2), 146 General relativity. Listed only by title; same lecture as publication #56.
Schilpp 73 1914 Gravitationstheorie
Gravitational Theory§
Verhandlungen der Schweizerischen naturforschenden Gesellschaft, 96 (pt. 2), 136–137 General relativity.[78] For full text, see reference #56.
Schilpp 74; CP 6, 1 1914 April 26 Relativitätsprinzip
On the Principle of Relativity
Vossische Zeitung, 33–34 Special and (possibly) general relativity.[91]
Schilpp 75; CP 6, 2 1914 Kovarianzeigenschaften der Feldgleichungen der auf die verallgemeinerte Relativitätstheorie gegründeten Gravitationstheorie
Covariance Properties of the Field Equations of the Theory of Gravitation Based on the Generalized Theory of Relativity
Zeitschrift für Mathematik und Physik, 63, 215–225 General relativity.[92] Co-authored with M. Grossmann.
Schilpp 78 1915 Proefondervindelijk bewijs voor het bestan der moleculaire stroomen von Ampère
Experimental Proof of the Existence of Ampère's Molecular Currents
Akademie van Wetenschappen, Amsterdam, Verslag. (ser. 4), 23, 1449–1464 Einstein-de Haas effect.[93] Co-authored with WJ de Haas.
Schilpp 79; CP 6, 18 1915 Antwort auf eine Abhandlung M. von Laues: Ein Satz der Wahrscheinlichkeitsrechnung und seine Anwendung auf die Strahlungstheorie
Response to a Paper by M. von Laue: A Theorem in Probability Calculus and Its Application to Radiation Theory
Annalen der Physik (ser. 4), 47, 879–885, link Photons.[94]
Schilpp 80; CP 6, 23 1915 Experimenteller Nachweis des Ampèreschen Molekularströme
Experimental Proof of Ampère's Molecular Currents
Verhandlungen der Deutschen Physikalischen Gesellschaft, 17, 152–170, 203 (Berichtigung), 420 Einstein-de Haas effect.[95] Co-authored with WJ de Haas.
Schilpp 81 1915 Experimenteller Nachweis des Ampèreschen Molekularströme
Experimental Proof of Ampère's Molecular Currents
Naturwissenschaften, 3, 237–238 Einstein-de Haas effect.[96] Co-authored with WJ de Haas.
Schilpp 82 1915 Grundgedanken der allgemeinen Relativitätstheorie und Anwendung dieser Theorie in der Astronomie
Fundamental Ideas of the General Theory of Relativity and the Application of this Theory in Astronomy§
Preussische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Sitzungsberichte, 1915 (part 1), 315 General relativity.[97]
Schilpp 83; CP 6, 21 and 22 1915 Zur allgemeinen Relativitätstheorie
On the General Theory of Relativity
Preussische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Sitzungsberichte, 1915 (part 2), 778–786, 799–801 General relativity.[98] Two of Einstein's four papers in November 1915 that led to the final field equations for general relativity. The first paper corrected a fundamental misconception and allowed Einstein to finish; however, the second introduced a serious mistake.[99]
Schilpp 84; CP 6, 24 1915 Erklärung der Perihelbewegung des Merkur aus der allgemeinen Relativitätstheorie
Explanation of the Perihelion Motion of Mercury from the General Theory of Relativity
Preussische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Sitzungsberichte, 1915 (part 2), 831–839 General relativity.[100] A pivotal paper in which Einstein shows that general relativity explains the anomalous precession of the planet Mercury, which had vexed astronomers since 1859. This paper also introduced the important calculational method, the post-Newtonian expansion. Einstein also calculated correctly (for the first time) the bending of light by gravity.
Schilpp 85; CP 6, 25 1915 Feldgleichungen der Gravitation
The Field Equations of Gravitation
Preussische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Sitzungsberichte, 1915 (part 2), 844–847 General relativity.[101] This is the defining paper of general relativity. At long last, Einstein had found workable field equations, which served as the basis for subsequent derivations.
Schilpp 88; CP 6, 14 1916 Experimental proof of the existence of Ampère's molecular currents Proceedings of the Akademie van Wetenschappen, Amsterdam, 18, 696–711,link Einstein-de Haas effect.[102] Co-authored with WJ de Haas; English translation of reference #80.
Schilpp 89; CP 6, 30 1916 Grundlage der allgemeinen Relativitätstheorie
The Foundation of the General Theory of Relativity
Annalen der Physik (ser. 4), 49, 769–822, link General relativity.[103]
Schilpp 90; CP 6, 40 1916 Über Fr. Kottlers Abhandlung: Einsteins Äquivalenzhypothese und die Gravitation
On Friedrich Kottler's Paper: On Einstein's Equivalence Hypothesis and Gravitation
Annalen der Physik (ser. 4), 51, 639–642, link General relativity.[104]
Schilpp 91; CP 6, 28 1916 Einfaches Experiment zum Nachweis der Ampèreschen Molekularströme
A Simple Experiment to Demonstrate Ampère's Molecular Currents
Verhandlungen der Deutschen Physikalischen Gesellschaft, 18, 173–177 Einstein-de Haas effect.[105]
Schilpp 92; CP 6, 34 1916 Strahlungs-emission und -absorption nach der Quantentheorie
Emission and Absorption of Radiation in Quantum Theory
Verhandlungen der Deutschen Physikalischen Gesellschaft, 18, 318–323 Photons.[106] Seminal paper in which Einstein showed that Planck's quantum hypothesis E = hÉÀ could be derived from a kinetic rate equation. This paper introduced the idea of stimulated emission (which led to the laser and maser), and Einstein's A and B coefficients provided a guide for the development of quantum electrodynamics, the most accurately tested theory of physics at present. In this work, Einstein begins to realize that quantum mechanics seems to involve probabilities and a breakdown of causality.[107]
Schilpp 93; CP 6, 38 1916 Quantentheorie der Strahlung
On the Quantum Theory of Radiation
Mitteilungen der Physikalischen Gesellschaft, Zürich, 16, 47–62 Photons.[108] Following his 1909 address (reference #30), Einstein shows that photons must carry momentum if Planck's law is to hold. This was confirmed in 1923 by Compton scattering, for which the 1927 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded and which led to the general acceptance to the photon concept.
Schilpp 94; CP 6, 36 1916 Review of H. A. Lorentz: Théories statistiques en thermodynamique
Review of H. A. Lorentz: Statistical Theories in Thermodynamics: Five Lectures...
Naturwissenschaften, 4, 480–481 Statistical mechanics.[109]
Schilpp 95; CP 6, 39 1916 Elementare Theorie der Wasserwellen und des Fluges
Elementary Theory of Water Waves and of Flight
Naturwissenschaften, 4, 509–510 Fluid mechanics.
Schilpp 96; CP 6, 29 1916 Ernst Mach Physikalische Zeitschrift, 17, 101–104 History of physics.[110]
Schilpp 97; CP 6, 27 1916 Neue formale Deutung der Maxwellschen Feldgleichungen der Elektrodynamik
A New Formal Interpretation of Maxwell's Field Equations of Electrodynamics
Preussische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Sitzungsberichte, 1916 (part 1), 184–187 Electromagnetism.
Schilpp 98 1916 Einige anschauliche Überlegungen aus dem Gebiete der Relativitätstheorie
Some Intuitive Considerations from the Field of Relativity Theory§
Preussische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Sitzungsberichte, 1916 (part 1), 423 General relativity.[111] Abstract of a paper (never published) dealing with the behavior of clocks and Foucault pendulums.
Schilpp 99; CP 6, 32 1916 Näherungsweise Integration der Feldgleichungen der Gravitation
Approximative Integration of the Field Equations of Gravitation
Preussische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Sitzungsberichte, 1916 (part 1), 688–696 General relativity.[112]
Schilpp 100 1916 Gedächtnisrede auf Karl Schwarzschild
Memorial Lecture on Karl Schwarzschild
Preussische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Sitzungsberichte, 1916 (part 1), 768–770 History of physics.[113]
Schilpp 101; CP 6, 41 1916 Hamiltonsches Prinzip und allgemeine Relativitätstheorie
Hamilton's Principle and the General Theory of Relativity
Preussische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Sitzungsberichte, 1916 (part 2), 1111–1116 General relativity.[114]
Schilpp 103; CP 6, 45 1917 Zum Quantensatz von Sommerfeld und Epstein
On the Quantum Theorem of Sommerfeld and Epstein
Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft, Verhandlungen, 19, 82–92 Quantum mechanics.[115] Seminal paper for the Einstein–Brillouin–Keller method, which describes how to convert a classical system into its quantum mechanical analogue.
Schilpp 104 1917 Review of H. v. Helmholtz: Zwei Vorträge über Goethe
Review of Hermann von Helmholtz: Two Lectures on Goethe
Naturwissenschaften, 5, 675 History of physics.[116]
Schilpp 105 1917 Marian von Smoluchowski Naturwissenschaften, 5, 737–738 History of physics.[117]
Schilpp 106 1917 Quantentheorie der Strahlung
On the Quantum Theory of Radiation
Physikalische Zeitschrift, 18, 121–128 Photons.[118]
Schilpp 107; CP 6, 43 1917 Kosmologische Betrachtungen zur allgemeinen Relativitätstheorie
Cosmological Considerations in the General Theory of Relativity
Preussische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Sitzungsberichte, 1917 (part 1), 142–152 General relativity.[119] This seminal paper marks the beginning of physical cosmology. Under certain simplifying assumptions, general relativity describes the birth, the expansion and the ultimate fate of the Universe.
Schilpp 108; CP 6, 47 1917 Eine Ableitung des Theorems von Jacobi
A Derivation of Jacobi's Theorem
Preussische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Sitzungsberichte, 1917 (part 2), 606–608 Mathematical physics.[120]
Schilpp 109 1917 May 23 Friedrich Adler als Physiker
Friedrich Adler as a Physicist§
Die Vossische Zeitung, Morgen Ausgabe, no. 259, 2 History of physics.[121]
Schilpp 112; CP 7, 4 1918 Prinzipielles zur allgemeinen Relativitätstheorie
On the Foundations of the General Theory of Relativity
Annalen der Physik (ser. 4), 55, 241–244, link General relativity.[122]
Schilpp 113; CP 7, 6 1918 Lassen sich Brechungsexponenten der Körper für Röntgenstrahlen experimentell ermitteln?
Is It Possible to Determine Experimentally the X-Ray Refractive Indices of Solids?
Verhandlungen der Deutschen Physikalischen Gesellschaft, 20, 86–87 Electromagnetism.
Schilpp 114; CP 7, 15 1918 Bemerkung zu Gehrckes Notiz: Über den Äther
Comment on E. Gehrcke's Note: On the Aether
Verhandlungen der Deutschen Physikalischen Gesellschaft, 20, 261 Special and general relativity.
Schilpp 115; CP 7, 10 1918 Review of H. Weyl: Raum, Zeit, Materie
Review of Hermann Weyl, Space-Time-Matter: Lectures on General Relativity
Naturwissenschaften, 6, 373 Special and general relativity.[123]
Schilpp 116; CP 7, 13 1918 Dialog über Einwände gegen die Relativitätstheorie
Dialogue about Objections to the Theory of Relativity
Naturwissenschaften, 6, 697–702 Special and general relativity.[111]
Schilpp 117; CP 7, 2 1918 Notiz zu Schrödingers Arbeit: Energiekomponenten des Gravitationsfeldes
Note on E. Schrödinger's Paper: The Energy Components of the Gravitational Field
Physikalische Zeitschrift, 19, 115–116 General relativity.[124]
Schilpp 118; CP 7, 3 1918 Bemerkung zu Schrödingers Notiz: Lösungssystem der allgemein kovarianten Gravitationsgleichungen
Comment on Schrödinger's Note: On a System of Solutions for the Generally Covariant Gravitational Field Equations
Physikalische Zeitschrift, 19, 165–166 General relativity.[124]
Schilpp 119; CP 7, 1 1918 Gravitationswellen
On Gravitational Waves
Preussische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Sitzungsberichte, 1918 (part 1), 154–167 General relativity.[125] The first prediction of gravitational waves. Such gravitational radiation has been observed indirectly, for which the 1993 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded.
Schilpp 120; CP 7, 5 1918 Kritisches zu einer von Hrn. de Sitter gegebenen Lösung der Gravitationsgleichungen
Critical Comment on a Solution of the Gravitational Field Equations Given by Mr. de Sitter
Preussische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Sitzungsberichte, 1918 (part 1), 270–272 General relativity.[126]
Schilpp 121; CP 7, 9 1918 Der Energiesatz in der allgemeinen Relativitätstheorie
The Law of Energy Conservation in the General Theory of Relativity
Preussische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Sitzungsberichte, 1918 (part 1), 448–459 General relativity.[127]
Schilpp 122 1919 Prüfung der allgemeinen Relativitätstheorie
A Test of the General Theory of Relativity
Naturwissenschaften, 7, 776 General relativity.[128]
Schilpp 123; CP 7, 17 1919 Spielen Gravitationsfelder im Aufbau der materiellen Elementarteilchen eine wesentliche Rolle?
Do Gravitational Fields Play an Essential Role in the Structure of the Elementary Particles of Matter?
Sitzungsberichte der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 1919 (pt. 1), 349–356 General relativity.[129] Suggests a modification of his field equations to allow for stable elementary particles.
Schilpp 124; CP 7, 18 1919 Bemerkungen über periodische Schwankungen der Mondlänge, welche bisher nach der Newtonschen Mechanik nicht erklärbar schienen
Comment about Periodical Fluctuations of Lunar Longitude, Which So Far Appeared to Be Inexplicable in Newtonian Mechanics
Sitzungsberichte der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 1919 (pt. 1), 433–436 General relativity.
Schilpp 125 1919 Feldgleichungen der allgemeinen Relativitätstheorie vom Standpunkte des kosmologischen Problems und des Problems der Konstitution der Materie
Field Equations of the General Theory of Relativity in Respect to the Cosmological Problem and the Problem of the Constitution of Matter§
Sitzungsberichte der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 1919 (pt. 1), 463 (Title only) General relativity.[129]
Schilpp 126; CP 7, 26 1919 November 28 My theory Times, London, 13 General relativity.[130] Re-published in 1919 as "Time, space and gravitation" in Optician, the British optical journal, volume 58, pages 187–188.
Schilpp 127; CP 7, 24 1919 Leo Arons als Physiker
Leo Arons as Physicist
Sozialistische Monatshefte, 52 (Jahrgang 25, pt. 2), 1055–1056 History of physics.[131]
Schilpp 132 1920 Bemerkung zur Abhandlung von W. R. Hess: Theorie der Viscosität heterogener Systeme
Comment on the Paper by W. R. Hess: Contribution to the Theory of the Viscosity of Heterogeneous Systems
Kolloidzeitschrift, 27, 137 Intermolecular forces.[132]
Schilpp 133 1920 Inwiefern lässt sich die moderne Gravitationstheorie ohne die Relativität begründen?
To What Extent Can Modern Gravitational Theory Be Established without Relativity?
Naturwissenschaften, 8, 1010–1011 General relativity.[122]
Schilpp 134 1920 Trägheitsmoment des Wasserstoffmoleküls
Moment of Inertia of the Hydrogen Molecule§
Sitzungsberichte der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 1920, 65 Intermolecular forces.[133] Abstract of never-published paper.
Schilpp 135; CP 7, 39 1920 Schallausbreitung in teilweise dissoziierten Gasen
Propagation of Sound in Partly Dissociated Gases
Sitzungsberichte der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 1920, 380–385 Intermolecular forces.
Schilpp 136; CP 7, 45 1920 August 27 Meine Antwort über die antirelativitätstheoretische G.m.b.H.
My Response on the Anti-Relativity Company
Berliner Tageblatt und Handelszeitung, no. 402, 1–2 Special and general relativity.[134]
Schilpp 147; CP 7, 53 1921 A brief outline of the development of the theory of relativity Nature, 106, 782–784 History of physics.[135] Translated by R. W. Lawson.
Schilpp 148 1921 Geometrie und Erfahrung
Geometry and Experience
Sitzungsberichte der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 1921 (pt. 1), 123–130 General relativity.[136]
Schilpp 149; CP 7, 54 1921 Eine naheliegende Ergänzung des Fundaments der allgemeinen Relativitätstheorie
On a Natural Addition to the Foundation of the General Theory of Relativity
Sitzungsberichte der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 1921 (pt. 1), 261–264 General relativity.[137]
Schilpp 150; CP 7, 68 1921 Ein den Elementarprozess der Lichtemission betreffendes Experiment
On an Experiment Concerning the Elementary Process of Light Emission
Sitzungsberichte der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 1921 (pt. 2), 882–883 Photons.[138]
Schilpp 151 1921 Report of a lecture at King's College on the development and present position of relativity, with quotations Nation and Athenaeum, 29, 431–432 Special and general relativity. The German text is reproduced in Mein Weltbild (pp. 215–220); a full translation is found in The world as I see it. It was also reported in Nature (107, p. 504) and also in the Times (London) on June 14, p. 8.
Schilpp 159 1922 Bemerkung zur Seletyschen Arbeit: Beiträge zum kosmologischen Problem
Observation of the Paper of Selety: Contributions to the Cosmological Problem§
Annalen der Physik (ser. 4), 69, 436–438, link General relativity.[139]
Schilpp 160 1922 Review of W. Pauli: Relativitätstheorie
Review of W. Pauli: Relativity Theory§
Naturwissenschaften, 10, 184–185 Special and general relativity.[140]
Schilpp 161 1922 Emil Warburg als Forscher
Emil Warburg as Researcher§
Naturwissenschaften, 10, 823–828 History of physics.[141]
Schilpp 162 1922 Theorie der Lichtfortpflanzung in dispergierenden Medien
Theory of the Propagation of Light in Dispersive Media§
Sitzungsberichte der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Phys.-math. Klasse, 1922, 18–22 Electromagnetism.[142]
Schilpp 163 1922 Bemerkung zu der Abhandlung von E. Trefftz: Statische Gravitationsfeld zweier Massenpunkte
Observation on the Work of E. Trefftz: Static Gravitational Field of Two Point Masses§
Sitzungsberichte der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Phys.-math. Klasse, 1922, 448–449 General relativity.
Schilpp 164 1922 Quantentheoretische Bemerkungen zum Experiment von Stern und Gerlach
Quantum Mechanical Observations on the Experiment of Stern and Gerlach§
Zeitschrift für Physik, 11, 31–34 Quantum mechanics.[143] Co-authored with Paul Ehrenfest.
Schilpp 165 1922 Bemerkung zu der Arbeit von A. Friedmann: Über die Krümmung des Raumes
Observation on the Paper of A. Friedmann: On the Curvature of Space§
Zeitschrift für Physik, 11, 326 General relativity.[144] Einstein withdrew this self-criticism in 1922 in the same journal Zeitschrift für Physik, volume 16, p. 228.
Schilpp 170 1923 Bemerkung zu der Notiz von W. Anderson: Neue Erklärung des kontinuierlichen Koronaspektrums
Observation on the Note of W. Anderson: New Explanation of the Continuous Spectrum of the Corona§
Astronomische Nachrichten, 219, 19 Solar physics.
Schilpp 171 1923 Experimentelle Bestimmung der Kanalweite von Filtern
Experimental Determination of the Pore Diameter in Filters§
Deutsche medizinische Wochenschrift, 49, 1012–1013 Fluid mechanics.[145] Co-authored with H. Mühsam.
Schilpp 172 1923 Beweis der Nichtexistenz eines überall regulären zentrisch symmetrischen Feldes nach der Feldtheorie von Kaluza
Proof of the Non-Existence of an Everywhere-Regular Centrally Symmetric Field According to the Field Theory of Kaluza§
Jerusalem University, Scripta, 1 (no. 7), 1–5 Classical unified field theories.[146] Co-authored with J. Grommer; also given in Hebrew.
Schilpp 173 1923 Theory of the affine field Nature, 112, 448–449 Classical unified field theories.[147] Translated by RW Lawson, but does not correspond to publication #175. Relatively non-mathematical.
Schilpp 174 1923 Zur allgemeinen Relativitätstheorie
On the General Theory of Relativity§
Sitzungsberichte der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Physikalisch-mathematische Klasse, 1923, 32–38, 76–77 General relativity.[148]
Schilpp 175 1923 Zur affinen Feldtheorie
On Affine Field Theory§
Sitzungsberichte der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Physikalisch-mathematische Klasse, 1923, 137–140 Classical unified field theories.[149]
Schilpp 176 1923 Bietet die Feldtheorie Möglichkeiten für die Lösung des Quantenproblems?
Does Field Theory Offer Possibilities for Solving the Quantum Problem?§
Sitzungsberichte der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Physikalisch-mathematische Klasse, 1923, 359–364 Classical unified field theories.[150]
Schilpp 177 1923 Théorie de relativité
Theory of Relativity§
Société française de philosophie, Bulletin, 22, 97–98, 101, 107, 111–112 Special and general relativity.[151] Quoted in full in Nature, 112, p. 253.
Schilpp 178 1923 Quantentheorie des Strahlungsgleichgewichts
Quantum Theory of the Equilibrium of Radiation§
Zeitschrift für Physik, 19, 301–306 Photons.[152] Co-authored with Paul Ehrenfest.
Schilpp 181 1924 Antwort auf eine Bemerkung von W. Anderson
Response to an Observation of W. Anderson§
Astronomische Nachrichten, 221, 329–330
Schilpp 182 1924 April 20 Komptonsche Experiment
The Compton Experiment§
Berliner Tageblatt, 1. Beiblatt Photons.[153] Experiment showing that photons could carry momentum; for many physicists, this experiment was conclusive proof that photons were particles.
Schilpp 184 1924 Zum hundertjährigen Gedenktag von Lord Kelvins Geburt
On the 100th Anniversary of Lord Kelvin's Birth§
Naturwissenschaften, 12, 601–602 History of physics.[154]
Schilpp 185 1924 Quantentheorie des einatomigen idealen Gases
Quantum Theory of the Monatomic Ideal Gas§
Sitzungsberichte der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Physikalisch-mathematische Klasse, 1924, 261–267 Photons and statistical mechanics.[155] First of two seminal papers (see reference #194), in which Einstein creates the theory of identical particles in quantum mechanics. In 1924, Satyendra Nath Bose derived Planck's law of black-body radiation from a modification of coarse-grained counting of phase space.[156] Einstein shows that this modification is equivalent to assuming that photons are rigorously identical, leading to the concept of coherent states. Einstein also extends Bose's formalism to material particles (bosons), predicting that they condense at sufficiently low temperatures, as verified experimentally.[157]
Schilpp 186 1924 Über den Äther
On the Aether§
Verhandlungen der Schweizerischen naturforschenden Gesellschaft, 105 (pt. 2), 85–93 History of physics.[158] Historical overview.
Schilpp 187 1924 Theorie der Radiometerkräfte
Theory of Radiometer Forces§
Zeitschrift für Physik, 27, 1–6 Statistical mechanics. Treatment of the physics of radiometers, a science toy.
Schilpp 188 1924 [Note appended to a paper by Bose entitled "Wärmegleichgewicht im Strahlungsfeld bei Anwesenheit von Materie"]
Thermal Equilibrium in the Radiation Field in the Presence of Matter
Zeitschrift für Physik, 27, 392–392 Photons.[159]
Schilpp 193 1925 Elektron und allgemeine Relativitätstheorie
The Electron and The General Theory of Relativity§
Physica, 5, 330–334 General relativity.[160]
Schilpp 194 1925 Quantentheorie des einatomigen idealen Gases. 2. Abhandlung
Quantum Theory of the Monatomic Ideal Gas, Part II§
Sitzungsberichte der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften (Berlin), Physikalisch-mathematische Klasse, 1925, 3–14 Photons and statistical mechanics.[161] Second of two seminal articles on identical particles, bosons and Bose–Einstein condensation; see reference #185 for the first.
Schilpp 195 1925 Quantentheorie des idealen Gases
Quantum theory of Ideal Gases§
Sitzungsberichte der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften (Berlin), Physikalisch-mathematische Klasse, 1925, 18–25 Photons and statistical mechanics.[162]
Schilpp 196 1925 Einheitliche Feldtheorie von Gravitation und Elektrizität
Unified Field Theory of Gravity and Electricity§
Sitzungsberichte der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften (Berlin), Physikalisch-mathematische Klasse, 1925, 414–419 Classical unified field theories.[163]
Schilpp 197 1925 Bemerkung zu P. Jordans Abhandlung: Theorie der Quantenstrahlung
Observation on P. Jordan's Work: Theory of Quantum Radiation§
Zeitschrift für Physik, 31, 784–785 Photons.[164]
Schilpp 199 1926 W. H. Julius, 1860–1925 Astrophysical Journal, 63, 196–198 History of physics.[165]
Schilpp 200 1926 Ursache der Mäanderbildung der Flussläufe und des sogenannten Baerschen Gesetzes
Origin of River-Meanders and the So-Called Law of Baer§
Naturwissenschaften, 14, 223–224 Earth science.[166] The physics of meandering rivers.
Schilpp 201 1926 Vorschlag zu einem die Natur des elementaren Strahlungs-emissions-prozesses betreffenden Experiment
Suggestion for an Experiment Concerning the Nature of the Elementary Process of Emitting Light§
Naturwissenschaften, 14, 300–301 Photons.[167]
Schilpp 202 1926 Interferenzeigenschaften des durch Kanalstrahlen emittierten Lichtes
Interference Properties of Light Emitted by Canal Rays§
Sitzungsberichte der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Physikalisch-mathematische Klasse, 1926, 334–340 Photons.[168] Supposedly verified experimentally by Rupp in the paper following it in the journal (pp. 341–351); later, it came out that Rupp was a fraud.
Schilpp 203 1926 Geometría no euclídea y física
Non-Euclidean Geometry and Physics§
Revista matemática Hispano-americana (ser. 2), 1, 72–76 General relativity.
Schilpp 205 1927 Einfluss der Erdbewegung auf die Lichtgeschwindigkeit relativ zur Erde
Influence of the Earth's Motion on the Speed of Light Relative to Earth§
Forschungen und Fortschritte, 3, 36–37 Special relativity.[169]
Schilpp 206 1927 Formale Beziehung des Riemannschen Krümmungstensors zu den Feldgleichungen der Gravitation
Formal Relationship of the Riemannian Curvature Tensor to the Field Equations of Gravity§
Mathematische Annalen, 97, 99–103 link General relativity.[170]
Schilpp 207 1927 Isaac Newton Manchester Guardian Weekly, 16, 234–235 History of physics. Reprinted in the Manchester Guardian (March 19, 1927); Observatory, 50, 146–153; Smithsonian Institution, Report for 1927, 201–207.
Schilpp 208 1927 Newtons Mechanik und ihr Einfluss auf die Gestaltung der theoretischen Physik
Newton's Mechanics and its Influence on the Formation of Theoretical Physics§
Naturwissenschaften, 15, 273–276 History of physics.[171]
Schilpp 209 1927 Zu Newtons 200. Todestage
On the 200th Anniversary of Newton's Death§
Nord und Süd, Jahrg. 50, 36–40 History of physics.
Schilpp 210 1927 [Letter to the Royal Society on the occasion of the Newton bicentenary] Nature, 119, 467 History of physics.[172] Also published in Science, 65, 347–348.
Schilpp 211 1927 Establishment of an international bureau of meteorology Science, 65, 415–417 Meteorology.[173]
Schilpp 212 1927 Kaluzas Theorie des Zusammenhanges von Gravitation und Elektrizität
Kaluza's Theory of the Connection between Gravity and Electricity§
Sitzungsberichte der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Physikalisch-mathematische Klasse, 1927, 23–30 Classical unified field theories.[174]
Schilpp 213 1927 Allgemeine Relativitätstheorie und Bewegungsgesetz
General Theory of Relativity and the Law of Motion§
Sitzungsberichte der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Physikalisch-mathematische Klasse, 1927, 2–13, 235–245 General relativity.[175] The first part (pp. 2–13) was co-authored with J. Grommer.
Schilpp 214 1927 Theoretisches und Experimentelles zur Frage der Lichtentstehung
Theoretical and Experimental [Aspects] to the Question of the Generation of Light§
Zeitschrift für angewandte Chemie, 40, 546 Photons.[176]
Schilpp 216 1928 H. A. Lorentz Mathematisch-naturwissenschaftliche Blätter, 22, 24–25 History of physics.[177] Abstract of an address given at a memorial service at Leiden University. Reprinted in Mein Weltbild (The world as I see it), p. 25.
Schilpp 217 1928 Riemanngeometrie mit Aufrechterhaltung des Begriffes des Fern-Parallelismus
Riemannian Geometry with Preservation of the Concept of Distant Parallelism§
Sitzungsberichte der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Physikalisch-mathematische Klasse, 1928, 217–221 Classical unified field theories.[178]
Schilpp 218 1928 Neue Möglichkeit für eine einheitliche Feldtheorie von Gravitation und Elektrizität
New Possibility for a Unified Field Theory of Gravity and Electricity§
Sitzungsberichte der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Physikalisch-mathematische Klasse, 1928, 224–227 Classical unified field theories.[179]
Schilpp 219 1928 À propos de "La déduction relativiste" de M. E. Meyerson
Concerning "The Relativistic Deduction" by M. E. Meyerson§
Revue philosophique de la France, 105, 161–166 Special and general relativity.[180]
Schilpp 222 1929 Ansprache an Prof. Planck [bei Entgegennahme der Planckmedaille]
Address to Prof. Planck [upon receiving the Planck medal]§
Forschungen und Fortschritte, 5, 248–249 History of physics.[181]
Schilpp 223 1929 [Quotation from an interview with (London) Daily Chronicle (January 26, 1929) on the unitary field theory, in advance of publication #226] Nature, 123, 175 Classical unified field theories.
Schilpp 224 1929 [Note appended to a reprinting of Arago's Memorial address on Thomas Young before the French Academy] Naturwissenschaften, 17, 363 History of physics.[182]
Schilpp 225 1929 February 4 The new field theory Times (London) Classical unified field theories. Translated by L. L. Whyte. Reprinted in the Observatory, 52, 82–87, 114–118 (1930).
Schilpp 226 1929 Einheitliche Feldtheorie
Unified Field Theory§
Sitzungsberichte der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Physikalisch-mathematische Klasse, 1929, 2–7 Classical unified field theories.[183]
Schilpp 227 1929 Einheitliche Feldtheorie und Hamiltonsches Prinzip
Unified Field Theory and Hamilton's Principle§
Sitzungsberichte der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Physikalisch-mathematische Klasse, 1929, 156–159 Classical unified field theories.[184]
Schilpp 228 1929 Sur la théorie synthéthique des champs
On the Unified Theory of Fields§
Revue générale de l'électricité, 25, 35–39 Classical unified field theories. Co-authored with Théophile de Donder.
Schilpp 229 1929 Appreciation of Simon Newcomb Science, 69, 249 History of physics.[185] Translation of a letter to Newcomb's daughter dated July 15, 1926.
Schilpp 230 1929 Sesión especial de la Academia (16 abril 1925)
Special Session of the Scientific Society of Argentina§
Sociedad científica Argentina, Anales, 107, 337–347 Special and general relativity. Einstein's discussions with RG Loyarte on mass-energy equivalence and with H Damianovich on the relevance of relativity for a proposed "chemical field".
Schilpp 232 1930 November 9 Über Kepler
On Kepler§
Frankfurter Zeitung, p. 16, col. 3–4 History of physics.[186] The text is reprinted in Mein Weltbild and its English translation The world as I see it (in German and English, respectively).
Schilpp 233 1930 Raum-, Feld- und Äther-problem in der Physik
The Problems of Space, Fields and Aether in Physics§
World power conference, 2nd, Berlin, 1930. Transactions, 19, 1–5 Special and general relativity. A widely reported address, e.g., in Dinglers polytechnisches journal, 345, p. 122.
Schilpp 234 1930 Raum, Äther und Feld in der Physik
Space, Aether and Field in Physics§
Forum Philosophicum, 1, 173–180 Special and general relativity.[187] An English translation by ES Brightman was provided in the same volume, pp. 180–184. Similar to #233, but different from the article "Das Raum-, Äther-, und Feld-problem der Physik" reprinted in Mein Weltbild (The world as I see it), pp. 229–248.
Schilpp 235 1930 Théorie unitaire du champ physique
Unified theory of the physical field§
Annales de l'Institut H. Poincaré, 1, 1–24 Classical unified field theories.[188]
Schilpp 236 1930 Auf die Riemann-Metrik und den Fern-Parallelismus gegründete einheitliche Feldtheorie
A Unified Field Theory Based on the Riemannian Metric and Distant Parallelism§
Mathematische Annalen, 102, 685–697 link Classical unified field theories.[189]
Schilpp 237 1930 Das Raum-Zeit Problem
The Space-Time Problem§
Die Koralle, 5, 486–488 Special and general relativity.[190]
Schilpp 238 1930 Review of S. Weinberg: Erkenntnistheorie
Review of S. Weinberg: Theory of Knowledge§
Naturwissenschaften, 18, 536 History of physics.[191]
Schilpp 239 1930 Kompatibilität der Feldgleichungen in der einheitlichen Feldtheorie
Consistency of the Field Equations in the Unified Field Theory§
Sitzungsberichte der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Physikalisch-mathematische Klasse, 1930, 18–23 Classical unified field theories.[192]
Schilpp 240 1930 Zwei strenge statische Lösungen der Feldgleichungen der einheitlichen Feldtheorie
Two Strictly Static Solutions of the Field Equations of the Unified Field Theory§
Sitzungsberichte der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Physikalisch-mathematische Klasse, 1930, 110–120 Classical unified field theories.[193] Co-authored with W. Mayer.
Schilpp 241 1930 Theorie der Räume mit Riemannmetrik und Fernparallelismus
Theory of Spaces with a Riemannian Metric and Distant Parallelism§
Sitzungsberichte der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Physikalisch-mathematische Klasse, 1930, 401–402 Classical unified field theories.[194]
Schilpp 242 1930 Address at University of Nottingham Science, 71, 608–610 Special and general relativity.[195] A survey of relativity theory (special and general) and of field theory in general. A précis of the talk was published in Nature, 125, pp. 897–898, under the title "Concept of space".
Schilpp 243 1930 Über den gegenwärtigen Stand der allgemeinen Relativitätstheorie
On the Present Status of the General Theory of Relativity§
Yale University Library, Gazette, 6, 3–6 General relativity.[196] An English translation by Prof. Leigh Page of Yale University was provided on pages 7–10. Interestingly, this was neither a scientific talk nor a typical scientific paper; rather, a Yale graduate convinced Einstein to write the summary by longhand; the manuscript is still housed at Yale.
Schilpp 247 1931 Theory of Relativity: Its Formal Content and Its Present Problems Nature, 127, 765, 790, 826–827 Special and general relativity. Rhodes lectures delivered at Oxford University in May 1931.
Schilpp 248 1931 Knowledge of past and future in quantum mechanics Physical Review (ser. 2), 37, 780–781, link Quantum mechanics.[197] Co-authored with R. C. Tolman and B. Podolosky.
Schilpp 249 1931 Zum kosmologischen Problem der allgemeinen Relativitätstheorie
On the Cosmological Problem of the General Theory of Relativity§
Sitzungsberichte der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Physikalisch-mathematische Klasse, 1931, 235–237 General relativity.[198] Proposed a "cosmological constant."
Schilpp 250 1931 Systematische Untersuchung über kompatible Feldgleichungen welche in einem Riemannschen Raume mit Fern-Parallelismus gesetzt werden können
Systematic Investigation of Consistent Field Equations That Can Be Posited in a Riemannian Space with Distant Parallelism§
Sitzungsberichte der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Physikalisch-mathematische Klasse, 1931, 257–265 Classical unified field theories.[199] Co-authored with W. Mayer.
Schilpp 251 1931 Einheitliche Feldtheorie von Gravitation und Elektrizität
Unified Field Theory of Gravity and Electricity§
Sitzungsberichte der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Physikalisch-mathematische Klasse, 1931, 541–557 Classical unified field theories.[200] Co-authored with W. Mayer.
Schilpp 252 1931 Thomas Alva Edison, 1847–1931 Science, 74, 404–405 History of physics.[201]
Schilpp 253 1931 Gravitational and electrical fields [Translation of a preliminary report for the Josiah Macy, Jr. foundation] Science, 74, 438–439 Classical unified field theories.[202]
Schilpp 254 1931 [Reply to congratulatory addresses at a dinner given by the California Institute of Technology on January 15, 1931] Science, 73, 379 History of physics.[203]
Schilpp 255 1931 Gedenkworte auf Albert A. Michelson
In Remembrance of Albert A. Michelson§
Zeitschrift für angewandte Chemie, 44, 658 History of physics.[204]
Schilpp 258 1932 On the relation between the expansion and the mean density of the universe Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 18, 213–214 General relativity.[205] Co-authored with Willem de Sitter.
Schilpp 259 1932 Zu Dr. Berliners siebzigstem Geburtstag
On Dr. Berliner's 70th Birthday§
Naturwissenschaften, 20, 913 History of physics.[206] Reprinted in Mein Weltbild (The world as I see it), pp. 29–32.
Schilpp 260 1932 Gegenwärtiger Stand der Relativitätstheorie
Present Status of Relativity Theory§
Die Quelle (now called Paedogogischer Führer), 82, 440–442 General relativity.[207]
Schilpp 261 1932 Einheitliche Feldtheorie von Gravitation und Elektrizität, 2. Abhandlung
Unified Field Theory of Gravity and Electricity, Part II§
Sitzungsberichte der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Physikalisch-mathematische Klasse, 1932, 130–137 Classical unified field theories.[208] Co-authored with W. Mayer.
Schilpp 262 1932 Semi-Vektoren und Spinoren
Semi-Vectors and Spinors§
Sitzungsberichte der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Physikalisch-mathematische Klasse, 1932, 522–550 Mathematics.[209] Co-authored with W. Mayer.
Schilpp 263 1932 Unbestimmtheitsrelation
Uncertainty Relations§
Zeitschrift für angewandte Chemie, 45, 23 Quantum mechanics.[210]
Schilpp 267 1933 Dirac Gleichungen für Semi-Vektoren
Dirac Equations for Semi-Vectors§
Akademie van wetenschappen (Amsterdam), Proceedings, 36 (pt. 2), 497–? Quantum mechanics.[211] Co-authored with W. Mayer.
Schilpp 268 1933 Spaltung der natürlichsten Feldgleichungen für Semi-Vektoren in Spinor-Gleichungen vom Diracschen Typus
Division of the Most Natural Field-Equations for Semi-Vectors in Spinor Equations of the Dirac Type§
Akademie van wetenschappen (Amsterdam), Proceedings, 36 (pt. 2), 615–619 Quantum mechanics.[212] Co-authored with W. Mayer.
Schilpp 270 1934 Darstellung der Semi-Vektoren als gewöhnliche Vektoren von besonderem Differentiations Charakter
Representation of Semi-Vectors as Ordinary Vectors with Unusual Differentiation Properties§
Annals of mathematics (ser. 2), 35, 104–110 Mathematics.[213] Co-authored with W. Mayer.
Schilpp 271 1934 Review of R. Tolman: Relativity, thermodynamics and cosmology Science, 80, 358 Special and general relativity.[214]
Schilpp 272 1935 Elementary derivation of the equivalence of mass and energy Bulletin of the American Mathematical Society, 41, 223–230, link Special relativity.[215]
Schilpp 273 1935 Can quantum-mechanical description of physical reality be considered complete? Physical Review (ser. 2), 47, 777–780, link Quantum mechanics.[216] Seminal paper on non-local effects (entanglement) in quantum mechanics. Co-authored with B. Podolsky and N. Rosen.
Schilpp 274 1935 The particle problem in the general theory of relativity Physical Review (ser. 2), 48, 73–77 General relativity.[217] Co-authored with N. Rosen.
Schilpp 275 1936 Physik und Realität
Physics and Reality§
Franklin Institute, Journal, 221, 313–347 Quantum mechanics.[218] An English translation (by J Picard) is provided on pages 349–382. Also reprinted in Zeitschrift für freie deutsche Forschung, 1, no. 1, pp. 5–19 and no. 2, pp. 1–14 (1938).
Schilpp 276 1936 Two-body problem in general relativity theory Physical Review (ser. 2), 49, 404–405 General relativity.[219] Co-authored with N. Rosen.
Schilpp 277 1936 Lens-like action of a star by deviation of light in the gravitational field Science, 84, 506–507 General relativity.[220]
Schilpp 278 1937 On gravitational waves Journal of the Franklin Institute, 223, 43–54 General relativity.[221] Co-authored with N. Rosen. This important paper established that gravitational waves are possible despite the nonlinear nature of the Einstein field equations. Interestingly, Einstein and Rosen originally reached the opposite conclusion!
Schilpp 283 1938 Gravitational equations and the problems of motion Annals of Mathematics (ser. 2), 39, 65–100 General relativity.[222] Co-authored with L. Infeld and B. Hoffmann.
Schilpp 284 1938 Generalization of Kaluza's theory of electricity Annals of mathematics (ser. 2), 39, 683–701 Classical unified field theories.[223] Co-authored with P. Bergmann.
Schilpp 285 1939 Stationary system with spherical symmetry consisting of many gravitating masses Annals of Mathematics (ser. 2), 40, 922–936 General relativity.[224]
Schilpp 286 1940 Gravitational equations and the problems of motion. II Annals of Mathematics (ser. 2), 41, 455–464 General relativity.[225] Co-authored with L. Infeld.
Schilpp 287 1940 Considerations concerning the fundamentals of theoretical physics Science, 91, 487–492 History of physics.[226] Partly reprinted in Nature, 145, 920–924.
Schilpp 290 1941 Demonstration of the non-existence of gravitational fields with a non-vanishing total mass free of singularities Tucumán universidad nac., Revista (ser. A), 2, 11–16 General relativity.[227]
Schilpp 292 1942 The work and personality of Walter Nernst Scientific Monthly, 54, 195–196 History of physics.[228]
Schilpp 293 1943 Non-existence of regular stationary solutions of relativistic field equations Annals of Mathematics (ser. 2), 44, 131–137 General relativity.[229] Co-authored with Wolfgang Pauli.
Schilpp 295 1944 Bivector fields, I Annals of mathematics (ser. 2), 45, 1–14 Mathematics.[230] Co-authored with V. Bargmann.
Schilpp 296 1944 Bivector fields, II Annals of mathematics (ser. 2)296, 45, 15–23 Mathematics.[231]
Schilpp 298 1945 On the cosmological problem American Scholar, 14, 137–156, 269 (correction) General relativity. A pre-printing of the appendix to publication #297.
Schilpp 299 1945 Generalization of the relativistic theory of gravitation Annals of mathematics (ser. 2), 46, 578–584 Classical unified field theories.[232]
Schilpp 300 1945 Influence of the expansion of space on the gravitation fields surrounding the individual stars Reviews of modern physics, 17, 120–124 General relativity.[233] Co-authored with E. G. Straus. Corrections and additions, ibid., 18, 148–149 (1946).
Schilpp 301 1946 Generalization of the relativistic theory of gravitation, II Annals of mathematics (ser. 2), 47, 731–741 Classical unified field theories.[234] Co-authored with E. G. Straus.
Schilpp 302 1946 Elementary derivation of the equivalence of mass and energy Technion Journal, 5, 16–17, link Special relativity.[235] Novel, simplified derivation in the Yearbook of American Society for Advancement of the Hebrew Institute of Technology in Haifa. Also published in Hebrew in 1947, in the Scientific Publications of Hebrew Technical College (Institute of Technology) in Haifa.
Schilpp 307 1948 Quantenmechanik und Wirklichkeit
Quantum mechanics and reality§
Dialectica, 2, 320–324 Quantum mechanics.[236]
Schilpp 308 1948 Generalized theory of gravitation Reviews of modern physics, 20, 35–39 Classical unified field theories.[237]
Schilpp 309 1949 Motion of particles in general relativity theory Canadian Journal of Mathematics, 1, 209–241 General relativity.[238] Co-authored with L. Infeld.
Schilpp 310 1949 Dem Gedächtnis Max Plancks
In memory of Max Planck§
Angewandte Chimie, 61, U114 History of physics.
Schilpp 311 1950 The Bianchi Identities in the Generalized Theory of Gravitation Canadian Journal of Mathematics, 2, 120–128 Classical unified field theories.[239]
Schilpp 313 1950 On the General Theory of Gravitation Scientific American, 182, 13–17 Classical unified field theories.[240]
Schilpp 314 1951 The Advent of the Quantum Theory Science, 113, 82–84 Quantum mechanics.
Schilpp 316 1953 A Comment on a Criticism of Unified Field Theory Physical Review, 89, 321 Classical unified field theories.[241]
Schilpp 317 1954 Algebraic Properties of the Field in the Relativistic Theory of the Asymmetric Field Annals of Mathematics, 59, 230–244 Classical unified field theories.[242] Co-authored with B. Kaufman.
Schilpp 318 1955 An Interview with Einstein Scientific American, 193, 69–73 History of physics. Co-authored with I. B. Cohen.
Schilpp 319 1955 A New Form of the General Relativistic Field Equations Annals of Mathematics, 62, 128–138 Classical unified field theories.[243] Simplified derivation using an ancillary field instead of the usual affine connection. Co-authored with B. Kaufman.

Book chapters[edit]

With the exception of publication #288, the following book chapters were written by Einstein; he had no co-authors. Given that most of the chapters are already in English, the English translations are not given their own columns, but are provided in parentheses after the original title; this helps the table to fit within the margins of the page.

Index[notes 1] Year Chapter title (English translation[notes 2]) Book title (English translation[notes 2]), page numbers Book author/editor Publisher (Location) Classification and notes[notes 4]
Schilpp 51 1912 État actuel du problème des chaleurs spécifiques
Present State of the Problem of Specific Heats§)
Rapports du premier Conseil de Physique (1911), Instituts Solvay
Reports of the 1st Solvay Conference of Physics§
Unknown Gauthier (Paris) Specific heats.[244] The German text is publication #63.
Schilpp 76 1915 Theoretische Atomistik
Theoretical Atomic Science§)
Die Physik, pp. 251–263
Physics§
E. Lecher Teubner (Leipzig) Atomic physics.[245] Part of the series Kultur der Gegenwart (3. Teil, Abt. 3, Band 1).
Schilpp 77 1915 Relativitätstheorie
Relativity Theory§
Die Physik
Physics§
E. Lecher Teubner (Leipzig) Special and general relativity.[246] Part of the series Kultur der Gegenwart (3. Teil, Abt. 3, Band 1)
Schilpp 87 1916 Vorwort
Foreword
Grundlagen der Einsteinschen Gravitationstheorie
Foundations of Einstein's Gravitational Theory§
Erwin F. Freundlich Springer (Berlin) General relativity.
Schilpp 111 1918 Motiv des Forschens
Motives for Research
Zu Max Plancks 60. Geburtstag: Ansprachen in der deutschen physikalischen Gesellschaft, pp. 29–32
Talks in Honor of Max Planck's 60th Birthday§
Unknown Müller (Karlsruhe) Philosophy of physics.[247]
Schilpp 146 1921 Einfache Anwendung des Newtonschen Gravitationsgesetzes auf die Kugelförmigen Sternhaufen
Simple Application of Newton's Law of Gravitation to Spherical Collections of Stars§
Kaiser Wilhelm Gesellschaft zur Förderung der Wissenschaft, Festschrift zu ihrem zehnjährigen Jubiläum, pp. 50–52
Celebratory Work for the 10th Anniversary of the Kaiser Wilhelm Society§
Unknown Springer Verlag (Berlin) Gravitation.
Schilpp 158 1922 Theoretische Bemerkungen zur Supraleitung der Metalle
Theoretical Observations on the Superconductivity of Metals§
Leyden. Rijksuniversiteit Naturkundig Laboratorium, Gedenkboek aangeboden aan H. Kamerlingh Onnes, pp. 429–435
A Book Honoring H. Kamerlingh Onnes§
Unknown Ijdo (Leiden) Superconductivity.
Schilpp 180 1924 Geleitwort
Preface§
Lucretius, De rerum natura H. Diels Weidmann (Berlin) History of physics.[248]
Schilpp 190 1925 Anhang: Eddingtons Theorie und Hamiltonsches Prinzip
Appendix: Eddington's Theory and Hamilton's Principle§
Relativitätstheorie in mathematischer Behandlung
Relativity Theory, Treated Mathematically§
AS Eddington Springer Verlag (Berlin) Classical unified field theories.[249] Written exclusively for this German translation of Eddington.
Schilpp 191 1925 Theoretische Atomistik
Theoretical Atomic Science§
Die Physik, 2. Auflage, pp. 281–294
Physics, 2nd edition§
Unknown Teubner (Leipzig) Atomic physics.
Schilpp 192 1925 Relativitätstheorie
Relativity theory§
Die Physik, 2. Auflage, pp. 783–797
Physics, 2nd edition§
Unknown Teubner (Leipzig) Special and general relativity.
Schilpp 204 1927 Introduction Di spetsyele relativitets-teorye
The Special Theory of Relativity§
T. Shalit privately printed (Berlin) Special relativity. Both Yiddish and German versions are provided.
Schilpp 220 1929 Space-time Encyclopædia Britannica, 14th ed., vol. 21, pp. 105–108 Franklin Henry Hooper Encyclopædia Britannica Inc. (Chicago) Special and general relativity.
Schilpp 221 1929 Über den gegenwärtigen Stand der Feldtheorie
On the Present Status of Field Theory§
Festschrift Prof. Dr. A. Studola Überreicht, pp. 126ff.
Celebratory Work for Dr. A. Studola§
Unknown Füssli (Zürich) General relativity.[250] Less technical and more historical than (journal) publication #235.
Schilpp 231 1929 Begleitwort
Foreword§
Grenzflächenvorgänge in der unbelebten und belebten Natur
Boundary Surface Processes in Biological and Inorganic Nature§
D. Reichinstein Barth (Leipzig) History of physics.
Schilpp 244 1931 Foreword Newton, the man, p. v R. de Villamil Knox (London) History of physics.
Schilpp 245 1931 Maxwell's influence on the development of the conception of physical reality James Clerk Maxwell: A Commemoration Volume, pp. 66–73 Unknown Cambridge University Press (Cambridge) History of physics.[251] The German text is found in Mein Weltbild (The world as I see it).
Schilpp 246 1931 Foreword Opticks, 4th edition (London 1730), pp. vii–viii Isaac Newton McGraw (New York) History of physics.[252]
Schilpp 256 1932 Prologue Where is science going?, pp. 7–12 Max Planck Norton (New York) Philosophy of physics.[253]
Schilpp 257 1932 Epilogue: a socratic dialogue, interlocutors, Einstein and Murphy Where is science going?, pp. 201–213 Max Planck Norton (New York) Philosophy of physics.[253]
Schilpp 269 1934 Introduction The World in Modern Science, pp. 5–6 Leopold Infeld V. Gollancz (London) Philosophy of physics.[254] The German original is on p. 275.
Schilpp 288 1941 Five-dimensional representation of gravitation and electricity Theodore von Karman Anniversary Volume, pp. 212–225 California Institute of Technology (Pasadena) Classical unified field theories.[255] Co-authored with Bargmann V and Bergmann PG.
Schilpp 289 1941 Science and religion 1st Conference on Science, Philosophy and Religion Unknown Unknown Philosophy. Reported in the New York Times (September 11, 1940, p. 30, col. 2) and also in Nature, 146, 605–607.
Schilpp 291 1942 Foreword Introduction to the theory of relativity, p. v Peter G. Bergmann Prentice-Hall (New York) Special and general relativity.[256]
Schilpp 294 1944 Remarks on Bertrand Russell's theory of knowledge The philosophy of Bertrand Russell, pp. 277–291 Paul A. Schilpp Northwestern University Evanston) Philosophy.[257] Volume 5 of the Library of Living Philosophers.
Schilpp 303 1947 The problem of space, ether and the field in physics Man and the universe, pp. 82–100 Saxe, Commins, and RN Linscott Random House (New York) Special and general relativity. Reprinted from The world as I see it.
Schilpp 305 1948 Einstein's theory of relativity Grolier Encyclopedia, vol. 9, p. 19 Unknown Grolier Society (New York) Special and general relativity. Although dated as 1947, the actual issue occurred in 1948.
Schilpp 306 1948 Relativity: essence of the theory of relativity American Peoples Encyclopedia, vol. 16, col. 604–608 Unknown Spencer Press (Chicago) Special and general relativity.
Schilpp 312 1950 Appendix II: Generalized theory of gravitation The Meaning of Relativity, 3rd edition Albert Einstein Princeton University (Princeton) Classical unified field theories. Appendix II added to the third edition of the Meaning of Relativity (publication #297).
Schilpp 315 1951 Reply to Criticisms: Remarks Concerning the Essays Brought Together in this Co-operative Volume Albert Einstein: Philosopher-Scientist, Volume II, pp. 665–688 Paul Arthur Schilpp, editor Harper and Brothers Publishers, Harper Torchbook edition (New York) History of science and philosophy of physics.[258] Biographical notes and a summary of Einstein's scientific thinking in his later years.
Schilpp 320 1955 Appendix II: Generalized theory of gravitation The Meaning of Relativity, 5th edition Albert Einstein Princeton University (Princeton) Classical unified field theories.[259] Completely revised Appendix II for the fifth and final edition of the Meaning of Relativity (publications #297 and #312).

Books[edit]

The following books were written by Einstein. With the exception of publication #278, he had no co-authors.

Index[notes 1] Year Book title and English translation[notes 2] Publisher (Location) Classification and notes[notes 4]
Schilpp 6 1906 Eine neue Bestimmung der Moleküldimensionen
A New Determination of Molecular Dimensions
Buchdruckerei K. J. Wyss (Bern) Statistical mechanics.[260] Inaugural-dissertation from Zürich Universität. Same as (journal) publication #11.
Schilpp 86 1916 Die Grundlage der allgemeinen Relativitätstheorie
Foundations of the General Theory of Relativity§
Barth (Leipzig) General relativity.[261]
Schilpp 102 1917 Über die spezielle und die allgemeine Relativitätstheorie, gemeinverständlich
On the Special and General Theory of Relativity (A Popular Account)
Vieweg (Braunschweig) Special and general relativity.[262] This is volume 38 (Heft 38) in the series Sammlung Vieweg. Other editions and translations are found in publications #110, 129, 130, 137141, 154, 169 and 215.
Schilpp 110 1918 Über die spezielle und die allgemeine Relativitätstheorie, gemeinverständlich, 3rd edition
On the Special and General Theory of Relativity (A Popular Account)
Vieweg (Braunschweig) Special and general relativity. Other editions and translations are found in publication #102 and 129, 130, 137141, 154, 169 and 215.
Schilpp 129 1920 Über die spezielle und die allgemeine Relativitätstheorie, gemeinverständlich, 10th edition
On the Special and General Theory of Relativity (A Popular Account)
Vieweg (Braunschweig) Special and general relativity. The first edition of this book is listed as publication #102. Editions of this work were published until 1922 (the 14th edition). Editions 10–14 contained an additional section ("Rotverschiebung der Spectrallinien" (Redshift of spectral lines) in the appendix.
Schilpp 131 1920 Äther und Relativitätstheorie: Rede gehalten am 5. Mai 1920 an der Reichs-Universität zu Leiden
Aether and Relativity Theory: A Talk Given on May 5, 1920 at the University of Leiden§
Springer Verlag (Berlin) Special and general relativity.[263] The French, English, and Italian translations are listed as publications #145, 152, and 153, respectively. An undated Polish translation by L. Freundenheim, Eter a teorja wzglednosci, was published in Lviv.
Schilpp 143 1921 Geometrie und Erfahrung, Erweiterte Fassung des Festvortrages gehalten an der Preussischen Akademie
Geometry and Experience: Expanded Edition of the Celebratory Lecture Given at the Prussian Academy§
Springer Verlag (Berlin) General relativity.[264] The original paper is found as (journal) publication #148. French, English and Italian translations are listed as publications #144, 152, and 153. An undated Polish translation, Geometrja a doswiadczenie, was published in Lviv.
Schilpp 156 1922 Vier Vorlesungen über Relativitätstheorie, gehalten im Mai 1921, an der Universität Princeton
Four Lectures on Relativity Theory, Given in May 1921 at Princeton University§
Vieweg (Braunschweig) Special and general relativity. German text of publication #143. A second printing by Vieweg is dated 1923.
Schilpp 157 1922 Untersuchungen über die Theorie der Brownschen Bewegungen
Investigations of Brownian Motion§
Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft (Leipzig) Statistical mechanics. A re-issue of publications #8, 11, 12, 22, and 26 with notes and derivations from the editor, R. Fürth. Released as Nr. 199 of Oswalds Klassiker der exacten Wissenschaften. An English translation appeared as publication #198.
Schilpp 168 1923 Grundgedanken und Probleme der Relativitätstheorie
Fundamental Ideas and Problems of Relativity Theory§
Imprimerie royale (Stockholm) Special and general relativity.[265] Nobel prize lecture, delivered before the Nordische Naturforscherversammlung in Göteborg. Reprinted in Nobelstiftelsen, Les prix Nobel en 1921–22.
Schilpp 264 1933 On the Method of Theoretical Physics Clarendon Press (Oxford) Philosophy of physics.[266] The Herbert Spenser lecture at Oxford University, delivered on June 10, 1933.
Schilpp 265 1933 Origins of the General Theory of Relativity Jackson (Glasgow) General relativity.[267] Lecture at the University of Glasgow, delivered June 20, 1933.
Schilpp 266 1933 Les fondements de la théorie de la relativité générale
Foundations of the General Theory of Relativity§
Hermann (Paris) General relativity. French translations of publications #89 and 251 by Maurice Solovine, together with a new essay by Einstein, "Sur la structure cosmologique de l'espace", which discusses the cosmological implications of general relativity, together with its historical antecedents.
Schilpp 278 1938 The Evolution of Physics: The Growth of Ideas from Early Concepts to Relativity and Quanta Simon and Schuster (New York) History of physics. Co-authored with Infeld L.
Schilpp 279 1938 Die Physik als Abenteuer der Erkenntnis
Physics as an Adventure of the Mind§
Sijthoff (Leiden) Philosophy of physics.
Schilpp 297 1945 The Meaning of Relativity Princeton University (Princeton) Special and general relativity.[268] Second edition of publication #142, with a long appendix covering various topics such as the cosmological implications of general relativity. The appendix was translated by Ernst G. Straus. A "third edition" was published in 1946 by Methuen (London), but it is identical except for a change in pagination. The true third, fourth and fifth editions appeared in 1950, 1953 and 1956, respectively. In the 3rd, Einstein added Appendix II on a generalized theory of gravitation, which was substantially revised for the fifth and final edition.

Authorized translations[edit]

The following translations of his work were authorized by Einstein.

Index[notes 1] Year Book title Translator Publisher (Location) Classification and notes[notes 4]
Schilpp 128 1920 The Principle of Relativity: Original Papers MN Saha and SN Bose University of Calcutta (Kolkata) Special and general relativity.[269] Includes English translations of (journal) publications #9 and 89, with a historical introduction by PC Mahalanobis. The work of Hermann Minkowski is also included.
Schilpp 130 1920 Relativity, the Special and the General Theory: A Popular Exposition Robert W Lawson Methuen (London) Special and general relativity. Authorized translation of the 5th German edition of Ueber die spezielle und die allgemeine Relativitaetstheorie, gemeinverstaendlich (cf. publications #102, 110, 129). The text also includes Dr. Lawson's biographical sketch of Albert Einstein, a short bibliography on relativity theory and an appendix written for this edition entitled "Experimental confirmation of the general theory of relativity". Up to 10 editions were published by Methuen, the last in 1931.
Schilpp 137 1921 Relativity, the Special and the General Theory: A Popular Exposition RW Lawson Holt (New York) Special and general relativity. Effectively the same as publication #130. Later imprints were Smith (New York, 1931) and Hartsdale House, Inc. (New York, 1947).
Schilpp 138 1921 Teoría de la relatividad especial y general F. Lorente de Nó Peláez (Toledo) Special and general relativity. Spanish translation of publication #129. Two later editions were Ruiz de Lara (Cuenca, 1923) and Medina (Toledo, 1925).
Schilpp 139 1921 Sulla teoria speciale e generale della relatività: Volgarizzazione G. L. Calisse Zanichelli (Bologna) Special and general relativity. Italian translation of publication #129.
Schilpp 140 1921 Teoriia Otnositel'nosti: Obshchedostypnoe Izlozhenie G. B. Itel'son Slowo (Berlin) Special and general relativity. Russian translation of publication #129. Re-published in 1922 with the same imprint.
Schilpp 141 1921 La théorie de la relativité restreinte et géneralisée Mlle. J. Rouviere Gauthier (Paris) Special and general relativity. French translation of publication #129.
Schilpp 142 1921 The Meaning of Relativity: Four Lectures Delivered at Princeton University Edwin P. Adams Princeton University Press (Princeton) Special and general relativity.[270] Reprinted in 1922 and 1923. Also released in 1922 and 1924 under the imprint Methuen (London). Translations are found in publications #166, 167, and 179, whereas the German text is listed as publication #156. A second edition was also released; see publication #297.
Schilpp 144 1921 La géometrie et l'expérience Maurice Solovine Gauthier (Paris) General relativity. French translation of publication #143. A second edition was also published by Gauthier in 1934.
Schilpp 145 1921 L'éther et la théorie de la relativité Maurice Solovine Gauthier (Paris) Special and general relativity. French translation of publication #131. Reprinted in 1925.
Schilpp 152 1922 Sidelights on Relativity: I. Ether and Relativity. II. Geometry and Experience GB Jeffrey and W Perrett Methuen (London) Special and general relativity. Translation of publications #131 and 143. Republished in 1923 by Dutton (New York) imprint. The second part, Geometry and Experience, was published separately in 1947 as chapter 8 of Methods of the sciences from the Chicago University.
Schilpp 153 1922 Prospettive Relativistiche dell'Etere e della Geometria R. Cantù and T. Bembo Andare (Milano) Special and general relativity. Italian translation of publications #131 and 143.
Schilpp 154 1922 A Különleges és az Általános Relativitás, Elmélete Unknown Patheon irodalmi (Budapest) Special and general relativity. Hungarian translation of publication #129.
Schilpp 155 1922 O Fizicheskoi Prirodie Prostranstva GB Itel'son Slowo (Berlin) Special and general relativity. Russian translation of publications #131 and #143 under the title "Physical nature of space".
Schilpp 166 1923 Cztery odczyty o teorji Wzglednosci wygloszone w 1921 na Uniwersytecie w Princeton A Gottfryda Renaissance-Verlag (Vienna) Special and general relativity. Polish translation of publication #142.
Schilpp 167 1923 Matematicheskija Osnovy Teorii Otnositel'nosti GB Itel'son Slowo (Berlin) Special and general relativity. Russian translation of publication #142.
Schilpp 169 1923 [A Popular Exposition of the Special and General Theories of Relativity] Unknown Gitlina (Warsaw) Special and general relativity. Yiddish translation (in Hebrew characters) of publication #129.
Schilpp 179 1924 Quatre conférences sur la théorie de la relativité, faîtes à l'université de Princeton Maurice Solovine Gauthier (Paris) Special and general relativity. French translation of publication #142. A second printing was dated 1925.
Schilpp 189 1925 Sur l'électrodynamique des corps en mouvement Maurice Solovine Gauthier (Paris) Special relativity. French translation of publications #9 and 10, part of the series Maîtres de la pensée scientifique.
Schilpp 198 1926 Investigations on the Theory of the Brownian Movement (R. Fürth, ed.) AD Cowper Methuen (London) Statistical mechanics. English translation of publication #157. Also published under the Dutton imprint in New York.
Schilpp 215 1928 Al Torath Ha-Yahasiuth Ha-Peratith Weha-Kelalith (Harzaah Popularith) Jacob Greenberg Dvir (Tel Aviv) Special and general relativity. Hebrew translation of publication #129.
Schilpp 280 1938 Drie Eeuwen Physica van Galilei tot Relativiteitstheorie en Quantumtheorie MC Geerling Centen (Amsterdam) History of physics. Dutch translation of publication #279.
Schilpp 281 1938 L'évolution des idées en physique des premiers concepts aux théories de la relativité et des quanta Maurice Solovine Flammarion (Paris) History of physics. French translation of publication #279.
Schilpp 304 1948 El Significado de la Relatividad Dr. Carlos E. Prelat Espasa-Calpe (Buenos Aires) Special and general relativity. Spanish translation of publication #297.

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d These Index numbers are taken from the Schilpp reference cited in the Bibliography, pp. 694–730, and from the Collected Papers of Albert Einstein published by Princeton University Press. The latter are indicated by a CP in italic type, the volume number in boldface type, and by the article number within that volume.
  2. ^ a b c d The translations of article titles are generally taken from the published volumes of Einstein's collected papers. For some articles, however, such official translations are not available; unofficial translations are indicated with a § superscript.
  3. ^ The volume number is given in boldface type. Terms such as "ser. 4" in the journal name refer to the series of the journal, which is a grouping of volumes. For example, a journal may appear in yearly volumes for 60 years (volumes 1–60), then start its volume numbering anew in a second series.
  4. ^ a b c d The subject classification of Einstein's articles are the first item, and are indicated in boldface type. Any co-authors are always indicated by the second item.

References[edit]

The following references are drawn from Abraham Pais' biography of Albert Einstein, Subtle is the Lord; see the Bibliography for a complete reference.

  1. ^ Whittaker, E. (1955). "Albert Einstein. 1879-1955". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society 1: 37–67. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1955.0005. JSTOR 769242.  edit
  2. ^ Pais, pp. 364–388, 402–422.
  3. ^ Pais, pp. 402–415.
  4. ^ Pais, pp. 93–100.
  5. ^ Pais, pp. 90–92.
  6. ^ Pais, pp. 111–174.
  7. ^ Pais A (1988). Inward Bound: Of Matter and Forces in the Physical World. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 232–234. ISBN 978-0-19-851997-3. 
  8. ^ Pais, pp. 389–401.
  9. ^ Pais, p. 394.
  10. ^ Pais, pp. 177–324.
  11. ^ Weinberg, S (1972). Gravitation and Cosmology. New York: John Wiley and Sons. pp. 175–210. ISBN 978-0-471-92567-5. 
  12. ^ R.V. Pound and G.A. Rebka, Jr. "Gravitational Red-Shift in Nuclear Resonance" Phys. Rev. Lett. 3 439–441 (1959)
  13. ^ Muhlfelder, B., Mac Keiser, G., and Turneaure, J., Gravity Probe B Experiment Error, poster L1.00027 presented at the American Physical Society (APS) meeting in Jacksonville, Florida, on April 14–17, 2007, 2007.
  14. ^ Gerssen, Joris; van der Marel, Roeland P.; Gebhardt, Karl; Guhathakurta, Puragra; Peterson, Ruth C.; Pryor, Carlton (December 2002). "Hubble Space Telescope Evidence for an Intermediate-Mass Black Hole in the Globular Cluster M15. II. Kinematic Analysis and Dynamical Modeling". The Astronomical Journal 124 (6): 3270–3288. arXiv:astro-ph/0209315. Bibcode:2002AJ....124.3270G. doi:10.1086/344584. 
    "Hubble Discovers Black Holes in Unexpected Places". HubbleSite. September 17, 2002. Retrieved 2007-10-31. 
  15. ^ J. M. Weisberg and J. H. Taylor, Relativistic Binary Pulsar B1913+16: Thirty Years of Observations and Analysis, July 2004.
  16. ^ Pais, p. 412.
  17. ^ Knudson SK (2006). "The Old Quantum Theory for H2+: Some Chemical Implications". Journal of Chemical Education 83 (3): 464–472. Bibcode:2006JChEd..83..464K. doi:10.1021/ed083p464. 
    Strand MP, Reinhardt WP (1979). "Semiclassical quantization of the low lying electronic states of H2+". Journal of Chemical Physics 70 (8): 3812–3827. Bibcode:1979JChPh..70.3812S. doi:10.1063/1.437932. 
  18. ^ Pais, pp. 405–407.
  19. ^ Pais, pp. 423–439.
  20. ^ Pais, pp. 440–459.
  21. ^ Pais, pp. 325–354.
  22. ^ Pais, Chap. 3, ref. E13; Chap. 4, ref. E5.
  23. ^ Pais, Chap. 4, ref. E6.
  24. ^ Pais, Chap. 4, p. 57.
  25. ^ Pais, Chap. 3, ref. E21; Chap. 4, ref. E10.
  26. ^ Pais, Chap. 4, refs. E11 and E49.
  27. ^ Pais, Chap. 4, ref. E12; Chap. 5, ref. E17; Chap. 19, ref. E7.
  28. ^ Pais, Chap. 4, ref. E13; Chap. 7, ref. E7; Chap. 19, ref. E5; Chap. 23, ref. E2.
  29. ^ Pais, Chap. 4, refs. E4 and E17; Chap. 5, ref. E2.
  30. ^ Pais, Chap. 6, ref. E5; Chap. 7, ref. E1; Chap. 11, ref. E10; Chap. 26, ref. E13.
  31. ^ Pais, Chap. 7, ref. E9; Chap. 26, ref. E14.
  32. ^ Pais, Chap. 5, ref. E5.
  33. ^ Pais, Chap. 4, ref. E18; Chap. 5, ref. E8.
  34. ^ Pais, Chap. 19, ref. E8.
  35. ^ Pais, Chap. 7, ref. E10; Chap. 8, ref. E6.
  36. ^ Pais, Chap. 7, ref. E21.
  37. ^ Pais, Chap. 4, ref. E21; Chap. 20, refs. E1 and E2.
  38. ^ Pais, Chap. 4, ref. E22; Chap. 5, ref. E9; Chap. 29, ref. E3.
  39. ^ Pais, Chap. 7, ref. E5.
  40. ^ Pais, Chap. 7, ref. E22.
  41. ^ Pais, Chap. 7, ref. E23; Chap. 8, ref. E5.
  42. ^ Pais, Chap. 4, ref. E23; Chap. 6, ref. E7; Chap. 7, refs. E3, E11, and E15; Chap. 8, refs. E1 and E4; Chap. 9, ref. E3; Chap. 11, ref. E9.
  43. ^ Pais, Chap. 4, ref. E19; Chap. 5, ref. E11.
  44. ^ a b Pais, Chap. 7, ref. E18; Chap. 29, ref. E1.
  45. ^ Pais, Chap. 7, ref. E19; Chap. 29, ref. E2.
  46. ^ Pais, Chap. 10, ref. E4; Chap. 29, ref. E5.
  47. ^ Pais, Chap. 4, ref. E20; Chap. 5, ref. E12.
  48. ^ Pais, Chap. 7, ref. E25.
  49. ^ Pais, Chap. 4, refs. E24 and E47; Chap. 10, ref. E2; Chap. 21, ref. E2.
  50. ^ Pais, Chap. 29, ref. R1.
  51. ^ Pais, Chap. 4, ref. E25; Chap. 7, ref. E27; Chap. 10, ref. E3; Chap. 12, ref. E25; Chap. 19, ref. E11; Chap. 21, ref. E3; Chap. 26, ref. E15.
  52. ^ Pais, Chap. 4, ref. E26; Chap. 29, ref. E10.
  53. ^ Pais, Chap. 4, ref. E27; Chap. 21, ref. E12; Chap. 29, ref. E11.
  54. ^ Pais, Chap. 4, ref. E29; Chap. 5, E10.
  55. ^ Pais, Chap. 7, refs. E16 and E28; Chap. 10, ref. E8.
  56. ^ Pais, Chap. 7, ref. E26.
  57. ^ Pais, Chap. 4, ref. E9.
  58. ^ Pais, Chap. 4, ref. E30; Chap. 20, ref. E3.
  59. ^ Pais, Chap. 4, ref. E2.
  60. ^ Pais, Chap. 4, refs. E15 and E30; Chap. 5, ref. E7.
  61. ^ Pais, p. 92.
  62. ^ Pais, Chap. 4, ref. E31; Chap. 20, ref. E4.
  63. ^ Pais, Chap. 11, ref. E8; Chap. 13, ref. E4.
  64. ^ Pais, Chap. 7, ref. E29.
  65. ^ Pais, Chap. 7, ref. E4.
  66. ^ Pais, Chap. 4, ref. E32; Chap. 19, ref. E10.
  67. ^ Pais, Chap. 9, refs. E6 and E7; Chap. 11, ref. E16; Chap. 13, refs. E2 and E5.
  68. ^ Pais, pp. 201–206.
  69. ^ Pais, Chap. 11, ref. E17; Chap. 12, refs. E10 and E33; Chap. 13, ref. E2.
  70. ^ Pais, Chap. 19, ref. E10.
  71. ^ Pais, Chap. 12, ref. E17; Chap. 13, ref. E6.
  72. ^ Pais, Chap. 13, ref. E7.
  73. ^ Pais, Chap. 11, ref. E19; Chap. 12, ref. E24; Chap. 15, ref. E36.
  74. ^ Pais, Chap. 12, ref. E29; Chap. 13, ref. E1; Chap. 14, ref. E23; Chap. 15, ref. E37.
  75. ^ Pais, Chap. 4, ref. E34; Chap. 14, ref. E36; Chap. 20, ref. E6; Chap. 29, ref. E13.
  76. ^ Pais, p. 397.
  77. ^ Pais, Chap. 4, ref. E33.
  78. ^ a b c Pais, Chap. 12, ref. E36.
  79. ^ Pais, Chap. 16, ref. E53; Chap. 19, refs. E2 and E6.
  80. ^ Pais, Chap. 13, ref. E11; Chap. 15, ref. E39.
  81. ^ Pais, Chap. 13, ref. E18; Chap. 29, ref. E15.
  82. ^ a b Pais, Chap. 7, ref. E5a.
  83. ^ Pais, Chap. 20, ref. E8.
  84. ^ Pais, Chap. 14, ref. E6; Chap. 15, ref. E37.
  85. ^ Pais, Chap. 7, ref. E35; Chap. 16, ref. E53a.
  86. ^ Pais, Chap. 13, ref. E11.
  87. ^ Pais, Chap. 13, ref. E13.
  88. ^ Pais, Chap. 14, ref. E12.
  89. ^ Pais, Chap. 12, ref. E30; Chap. 14, ref. E16; Chap. 15, ref. E13.
  90. ^ Pais, Chap. 7, ref. E30; Chap. 13, ref. E12.
  91. ^ Pais, Chap. 7, ref. E34; Chap. 14, ref. E10; Chap. 16, ref. E38.
  92. ^ Pais, Chap. 12, ref. E37.
  93. ^ Pais, Chap. 14, ref. E34.
  94. ^ Pais, Chap. 4, ref. E28; Chap. 14, ref. E30.
  95. ^ Pais, Chap. 14, ref. E33.
  96. ^ Pais, Chap. 14, ref. E32.
  97. ^ Pais, Chap. 14, ref. E28.
  98. ^ Pais, Chap. 14, refs. E44, E45 and E46; Chap. 15, ref. E14
  99. ^ Pais, pp. 250–253.
  100. ^ Pais, Chap. 14, refs. E48 and E50; Chap. 15, ref. E1; Chap. 16, ref. E30.
  101. ^ Pais, Chap. 14, ref. E1; Chap. 15, ref. E15.
  102. ^ Pais, Chap. 14, ref. E35.
  103. ^ Pais, Chap. 12, refs. E27 and E31; Chap. 15, ref. E6.
  104. ^ Pais, Chap. 13, ref. E3a.
  105. ^ Pais, Chap. 14, ref. E37.
  106. ^ Pais, Chap. 4, ref. E35; Chap. 15, ref. E21; Chap. 21, ref. E9.
  107. ^ Pais, pp. 410–412.
  108. ^ Pais, Chap. 4, ref. E36; Chap. 15, ref. E21; Chap. 21, ref. E10.
  109. ^ Pais, Chap. 16, ref. E54.
  110. ^ Pais, Chap. 15, ref. E26.
  111. ^ a b Pais, Chap. 7, ref. E6.
  112. ^ Pais, Chap. 15, ref. E20.
  113. ^ Pais, Chap. 14, ref. E51.
  114. ^ Pais, Chap. 14, ref. E55; Chap. 15, ref. E16.
  115. ^ Pais, Chap. 21, ref. E17.
  116. ^ Pais, Chap. 16, ref. E55.
  117. ^ Pais, Chap. 5, ref. E16.
  118. ^ Pais, Chap. 4, ref. E37; Chap. 21, ref. E11; Chap. 26, ref. E16.
  119. ^ Pais, Chap. 15, ref. E40; Chap. 29, ref. E17.
  120. ^ Pais, Chap. 21, ref. E18.
  121. ^ Pais, Chap. 1, ref. E1.
  122. ^ a b Pais, Chap. 15, ref. E42.
  123. ^ Pais, Chap. 16, ref. E56.
  124. ^ a b Pais, Chap. 15, ref. E19a.
  125. ^ Pais, Chap. 15, ref. E22.
  126. ^ Pais, Chap. 15, ref. E42b.
  127. ^ Pais, Chap. 15, ref. E19b; Chap. 17, ref. E33.
  128. ^ Pais, Chap. 16, ref. E28.
  129. ^ a b Pais, Chap. 15, ref. E43; Chap. 17, ref. E17.
  130. ^ Pais, Chap. 2, ref. E2.
  131. ^ Pais, Chap. 1, ref. E2.
  132. ^ Pais, Chap. 4, ref. E16; Chap. 5, ref. E14.
  133. ^ Pais, Chap. 20, ref. E7.
  134. ^ Pais, Chap. 16, ref. E44.
  135. ^ Pais, Chap. 9, ref. E1.
  136. ^ Pais, Chap. 8, ref. E7; Chap. 12, ref. E22.
  137. ^ Pais, Chap. 17, ref. E34.
  138. ^ Pais, Chap. 17, ref. E6; Chap. 21, ref. E19.
  139. ^ Pais, Chap. 15, ref. E42a.
  140. ^ Pais, Chap. 7, ref. E36; Chap. 29, ref. E68.
  141. ^ Pais, Chap. 16, ref. E60.
  142. ^ Pais, Chap. 21, ref. E20.
  143. ^ Pais, Chap. 17, ref. E7; Chap. 21, ref. E22; Chap. 29, ref. E23.
  144. ^ Pais, Chap. 15, refs. E45 and E46.
  145. ^ Pais, Chap. 17, ref. E11; Chap. 29, ref. E26.
  146. ^ Pais, Chap. 17, ref. E8; Chap. 29, ref. E18.
  147. ^ Pais, Chap. 17, ref. E38.
  148. ^ Pais, Chap. 17, refs. E35 and E36.
  149. ^ Pais, Chap. 17, ref. E37.
  150. ^ Pais, Chap. 26, ref. E20; Chap. 29, ref. E19.
  151. ^ Pais, Chap. 1, ref. E7; Chap. 15, ref. E35; Chap. 16, ref. E72.
  152. ^ Pais, Chap. 17, ref. E10; Chap. 21, ref. E23; Chap. 29, ref. E24.
  153. ^ Pais, Chap. 21, ref. E24.
  154. ^ Pais, Chap. 16, ref. E59.
  155. ^ Pais, Chap. 4, ref. E39; Chap. 23, ref. E8.
  156. ^ Bose, SN (1924). "Plancks Gesetz und Lichtquantenhypothese". Zeitschrift für Physik 26: 178–181. Bibcode:1924ZPhy...26..178B. doi:10.1007/BF01327326.  (German)
  157. ^ Anderson, MH; Ensher JR, Matthews MR, Wieman CE, and Cornell EA (1995). "Observation of Bose–Einstein Condensation in a Dilute Atomic Vapor". Science 269 (5221): 198–201. Bibcode:1995Sci...269..198A. doi:10.1126/science.269.5221.198. JSTOR 2888436. PMID 17789847. 
  158. ^ Pais, Chap. 23, ref. E6.
  159. ^ Pais, Chap. 4, ref. E38.
  160. ^ Pais, Chap. 26, ref. E33.
  161. ^ Pais, Chap. 4, ref. E40; Chap. 23, ref. E7; Chap. 24, ref. E2.
  162. ^ Pais, Chap. 4, ref. E41; Chap. 23, ref. E11.
  163. ^ Pais, Chap. 17, refs. E15 and E44; Chap. 29, ref. E20.
  164. ^ Pais, Chap. 23, ref. E9.
  165. ^ Pais, Chap. 12, ref. E2; Chap. 16, ref. E63.
  166. ^ Pais, Chap. 17, ref. E12.
  167. ^ Pais, Chap. 17, ref. E13.
  168. ^ Pais, Chap. 17, ref. E14.
  169. ^ Pais, Chap. 6, ref. E2a.
  170. ^ Pais, Chap. 15, ref. E44; Chap. 17, ref. E48.
  171. ^ Pais, Chap. 1, ref. E9; Chap. 26, ref. E1.
  172. ^ Pais, Chap. 1, ref. E12.
  173. ^ Pais, Chap. 16, ref. E52.
  174. ^ Pais, Chap. 17, refs. E19 and E20.
  175. ^ Pais, Chap. 14, ref. E52b; Chap. 15, ref. E56; Chap. 26, refs. E28 and E29; Chap. 29, ref. E21.
  176. ^ Pais, Chap. 25, ref. E12.
  177. ^ Pais, Chap. 8, ref. E11.
  178. ^ Pais, Chap. 17, ref. E50.
  179. ^ Pais, Chap. 17, ref. E51a.
  180. ^ Pais, Chap. 16, ref. E76.
  181. ^ Pais, Chap. 2, ref. E4; Chap. 19, ref. E1; Chap. 26, ref. E23.
  182. ^ Pais, Chap. 16, ref. E67.
  183. ^ Pais, Chap. 17, ref. E52; Chap. 29, ref. E22.
  184. ^ Pais, Chap. 17, ref. E54; Chap. 29, refs. E31 and E33.
  185. ^ Pais, Chap. 14, ref. E49a; Chap. 16, ref. E68.
  186. ^ Pais, Chap. 16, ref. E57.
  187. ^ Pais, Chap. 15, ref. E10; Chap. 17, ref. E60.
  188. ^ Pais, Chap. 17, ref. E58.
  189. ^ Pais, Chap. 17, ref. E51.
  190. ^ Pais, Chap. 17, ref. E59.
  191. ^ Pais, Chap. 16, ref. E70.
  192. ^ Pais, Chap. 17, ref. E55.
  193. ^ Pais, Chap. 17, ref. E66; Chap. 29, ref. E34.
  194. ^ Pais, Chap. 17, ref. E67.
  195. ^ Pais, Chap. 17, ref. E57; Chap. 26, ref. E30.
  196. ^ Pais, Chap. 15, ref. E11; Chap. 17, ref. E61.
  197. ^ Pais, Chap. 25, ref. E15; Chap. 29, ref. E47.
  198. ^ Pais, Chap. 15, ref. E48.
  199. ^ Pais, Chap. 17, ref. E68.
  200. ^ Pais, Chap. 17, ref. E24; Chap. 29, ref. E36.
  201. ^ Pais, Chap. 16, ref. E64.
  202. ^ Pais, Chap. 17, ref. E26; Chap 26, ref. E31.
  203. ^ Pais, Chap. 6, ref. E10.
  204. ^ Pais, Chap. 6, ref. E11; Chap. 16, ref. E65.
  205. ^ Pais, Chap. 15, ref. E49; Chap. 29, ref. E48.
  206. ^ Pais, Chap. 16, ref. E69.
  207. ^ Pais, Chap. 17, ref. E62.
  208. ^ Pais, Chap. 17, ref. E27; Chap. 29, ref. E37.
  209. ^ Pais, Chap. 25, ref. E23; Chap. 29, ref. E38.
  210. ^ Pais, Chap. 25, ref. E16.
  211. ^ Pais, Chap. 25, ref. E21; Chap. 29, ref. E40.
  212. ^ Pais, Chap. 25, ref. E22; Chap. 29, ref. E41.
  213. ^ Pais, Chap. 29, ref. E45.
  214. ^ Pais, Chap. 7, ref. E24.
  215. ^ Pais, Chap. 7, ref. E12.
  216. ^ Pais, Chap. 25, ref. E27; Chap. 29, ref. E49.
  217. ^ Pais, Chap. 15, ref. E53a; Chap. 26, ref. E32; Chap. 29, ref. E50.
  218. ^ Pais, Chap. 26, ref. E2.
  219. ^ Pais, Chap. 29, ref. E51.
  220. ^ Pais, Chap. 15, ref. E12b.
  221. ^ Pais, Chap. 15, ref. E23; Chap. 29, ref. E52; Chap. 29, ref. E61.
  222. ^ Pais, Chap. 15, ref. E59; Chap. 29, refs. E58 and E63.
  223. ^ Pais, Chap. 17, ref. E29.
  224. ^ Pais, Chap. 15, ref. E53.
  225. ^ Pais, Chap. 15, ref. E60; Chap. 29, ref. E59.
  226. ^ Pais, Chap. 16, ref. E80; Chap. 26, ref. E34.
  227. ^ Pais, Chap. 29, ref. E70.
  228. ^ Pais, Chap. 20, ref. E10.
  229. ^ Pais, Chap. 29, ref. E69.
  230. ^ Pais, Chap. 7, ref. E8; Chap. 17, ref. E71; Chap. 29, ref. E66.
  231. ^ Pais, Chap. 17, ref. E72; Chap. 29, ref. E67.
  232. ^ Pais, Chap. 17, ref. E73.
  233. ^ Pais, Chap. 29, ref. E72
  234. ^ Pais, Chap. 17, ref. E77; Chap. 29, ref. E73.
  235. ^ Pais, Chap. 7, ref. E13.
  236. ^ Pais, Chap. 25, ref. E28; Chap. 27, ref. E2.
  237. ^ Pais, Chap. 17, ref. E74.
  238. ^ Pais, Chap. 29, ref. E60.
  239. ^ Pais, Chap. 17, ref. E75.
  240. ^ Pais, Chap. 17, ref. E83.
  241. ^ Pais, Chap. 17, ref. E76; Chap. 29, ref. E54.
  242. ^ Pais, Chap. 17, ref. E78; Chap. 29, ref. E75.
  243. ^ Pais, Chap. 17, ref. E79; Chap. 29, ref. E76.
  244. ^ Pais, Chap. 4, refs. E42, E44 and E53; Chap. 19, ref. E12; Chap. 22, ref. E11.
  245. ^ Pais, Chap. 4, ref. E43; Chap. 5, ref. E6.
  246. ^ Pais, Chap. 6, ref. E8; Chap. 7, refs. E31 and E32; Chap. 14, refs. E11 and E29.
  247. ^ Pais, Chap. 2, ref. E1.
  248. ^ Pais, Chap. 16, ref. E74.
  249. ^ Pais, Chap. 17, ref. E43.
  250. ^ Pais, Chap. 17, ref. E56.
  251. ^ Pais, Chap. 15, ref. E55; Chap. 16, ref. E58; Chap. 25, ref. E6; Chap. 26, ref. E19.
  252. ^ Pais, Chap. 1, ref. E8.
  253. ^ a b Pais, Chap. 16, ref. E77.
  254. ^ Pais, Chap. 29, ref. E57.
  255. ^ Pais, Chap. 29, ref. E64.
  256. ^ Pais, Chap. 29, ref. E65.
  257. ^ Pais, Chap. 16, ref. E75.
  258. ^ Pais, Chap. 1, refs. E6 and E11; Chap. 4, ref. E1; Chap. 6, ref. E6; Chap. 10, ref. E22; Chap. 15, ref. E27; Chap. 22, ref. E2; Chap. 26, ref. E3; Chap. 27, ref. E3.
  259. ^ Pais, Chap. 17, ref. E81.
  260. ^ Pais, Chap. 3, ref. E25; Chap. 4, ref. E14; Chap. 5, ref. E3.
  261. ^ Pais, Chap. 7, ref. E20; Chap. 12, ref. E21; Chap. 15, ref. E7.
  262. ^ Pais, Chap. 15, ref. E8a.
  263. ^ Pais, Chap. 16, ref. E39.
  264. ^ Pais, Chap. 12, ref. E22.
  265. ^ Pais, Chap. 6, ref. E4.
  266. ^ Pais, Chap. 2, ref. E7; Chap. 8, ref. E20; Chap. 17, ref. E70; Chap. 25, ref. E17; Chap. 26, ref. E4.
  267. ^ Pais, Chap. 10, ref. E21; Chap. 14, ref. E52a; Chap. 15, ref. E2; Chap. 25, ref. E20.
  268. ^ Pais, Chap. 6, ref. E9; Chap. 7, ref. E33; Chap. 15, refs. E50 and E54.
  269. ^ Pais, Chap. 15, ref. E8.
  270. ^ Pais, Chap. 6, ref. E1.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Einstein, Albert (1989). The Collected Papers of Albert Einstein, Volume 2: The Swiss Years: Writings, 1900–1909 (English translation supplement; translated by Anna Beck, with Peter Havas, consultant ed.). Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press. ISBN 978-0-691-08549-4. 
  • Einstein, Albert (1994). The Collected Papers of Albert Einstein, Volume 3: The Swiss Years: Writings, 1909–1911 (English translation supplement; translated by Anna Beck, with Don Howard, consultant ed.). Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press. ISBN 978-0-691-10250-4. 
  • Einstein, Albert (1996). The Collected Papers of Albert Einstein, Volume 4: The Swiss Years: Writings, 1912–1914 (English translation supplement; translated by Anna Beck, with Don Howard, consultant ed.). Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press. ISBN 978-0-691-02610-7. 
  • Einstein, Albert (1997). The Collected Papers of Albert Einstein, Volume 6: The Berlin Years: Writings, 1914–1917 (English translation supplement; translated by Alfred Engel, with Engelbert Schucking, consultant ed.). Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press. ISBN 978-0-691-01734-1. 
  • Einstein, Albert (2002). The Collected Papers of Albert Einstein, Volume 7: The Berlin Years: Writings, 1918–1921 (English translation supplement; translated by Alfred Engel, with Engelbert Schucking, consultant ed.). Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press. ISBN 978-0-691-05718-7. 
  • Pais, Abraham (1982). Subtle is the Lord: The Science and the Life of Albert Einstein. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-520438-4. 
  • Schilpp, Paul Arthur, ed. (1951). Albert Einstein: Philosopher-Scientist, Volume II. New York: Harper and Brothers Publishers (Harper Torchbook edition). 

External links[edit]