List of serial killers before 1900
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The following is a list of known serial killers, in roughly chronological order.
- Liu Pengli (144 B.C.-?) 2nd-century bc Han prince; one of the earliest serial killers attested by historical sources.
- Locusta (?- A.D. 69)
- Gilles de Rais (1404–1440) some 40 bodies found, generally suspected of 80-200 murders.
- Gilles Garnier (?-1573) Confessed to 4 murders.
- Peter Niers (?-1581) Confessed to 544 murders, including 24 pregnant women whose fetuses he cut out for purposes of cannibalism and black magic.
- Peter Stumpp (?-1589) Confessed to killing and having eaten 18 individuals.
- Axlar-Björn (?-1596) Suspected of killing 9-18 persons.
- Elizabeth Báthory (1560–1614) Suspected of torturing up to 650 servants to death.
- Jasper Hanebuth (1607-1653) higwayman and murderer, found guilty on 19 counts of murder.
- Melcher Hedloff (1606-1654) robber and highwayman, found guilty of murdering 251 persons.
- La Quintrala (1604–1665) Accused and tried for over 40 murders of servants.
- Marie de Brinvilliers (1630–1676) Poisoned at least 3 persons.
- Klaas Annink (1710-1775) Reputedly responsible, together with his wife Aarne Spanjers and his son, Jannes, for numerous robberies and murders in the region in and around Hengevelde.
- Darya Saltykova (1730–1801) Suspected of killing about 138 servants, convicted on 38 accounts of murder.
- Lewis Hutchinson (1733-1773) Scottish immigrant to Jamaica convicted of shooting dozens of people in the 18th century; executed in 1773.
- Anna Maria Zwanziger (1760–1811) Poisoned at least 8 persons, 4 of whom died.
- Sophie Charlotte Elisabeth Ursinus (1760-1836) Berlin aristocrat convicted of poisoning her aunt with arsenic at the turn of the 19th century; boyfriend and husband died similarly.
- Harpe Brothers (1768–1799, and 1770–1804) Murdered at least 40 men, women and children.
- Gesche Gottfried (1785-1831) Poisoned 15 people and was last person to be publicly executed in the city of Bremen.
- William Burke (1792–1829) and William Hare (c. 1804–?) Murdered 17 individuals.
- Thomas Griffiths Wainewright (1794-1858) Artist considered to have poisoned four people.
- Samuel Green (1796-1822) Robber and serial killer that was executed by hanging in Massachusetts on April 25, 1822.
- Delphine LaLaurie (c. 1775–1842) Tortured and maimed her slaves, at least 3 died.
- Thug Behram (1765–1840) May have been involved in 931 murders, confessed to about 125.
- Thomas Jeffries (?-1826) Tasmanian penal colony escapee responsible for the murders of five people; executed in 1826.
- Hélène Jégado (1824–1856) Convicted of 3 murders by poisoning, believed responsible for 36.
- William Palmer (1803–1852) Suspected of 6-7 murders by poisoning, convicted of 1.
- Manuel Blanco Romasanta (1809-1863, active 1844-1853) Confessed to having killed 13 people in the shape of a wolf, found guilty of 9 murders.
- Lydia Sherman (1824-1878) Known as "The Derby Poisoner" who poisoned her family and others in her care in Burlington, New Jersey, United States, until being convicted in 1872.
- Mary Ann Cotton (1832–1873) Suspected of 21 cases of fatal poisonings, convicted on murdering her own children.
- Filipe Espinosa (1836–1863, active in 1863) Involved in the killings of 26 persons.
- Frederick Bailey Deeming (1853 to 1892) Killed his wife and four children in Britain in 1891; remarried and moved to Australia, and then murdered his new wife.
- Catherine Wilson ( active 1854-1862) Nurse considered to have poisoned seven people in the 19th century and the last woman to be publicly hanged in London.
- Francisco Guerrero (1840–1910, active 1880-1888 and 1908) killed 21 women, 20 reported as prostitutes.
- Guadalupe Bejarano (?-?, active 1887-1892) Murdered 3 children.
- Martha Needle (1863-1894) Poisoner of four family members and boyfriend's brother.
- Matti Haapoja (active 1867-1894) 3 known victims possibly killed 22–25; sentenced to life imprisonment, hanged himself in a prison cell.
- Juan Diaz de Garayo (active 1870-1879) Known as "The Sacamantecas". Killed 6 people.
- The Bloody Benders (active 1872–1873) 11 known victims.
- Catherine Flannigan and Margaret Higgins (active 1880-1883) Two Irish women known as The Black Widows of Liverpool, they killed at least 4 people by poisoning in the 1880s in order to obtain insurance money.
- Maria Swanenburg (active 1880-1883) Suspected of killing more than 90 with arsenic in the 1880s.
- Amelia Dyer (active 1880-1896) Murdered infants in her care; executed in 1896.
- Thomas Neill Cream (active 1881–1892) 5 known victims.
- Servant Girl Annihilator (active 1884–1885) 16 known victims.
- Jane Toppan (active 1885–1901) 31 victims.
- Jack the Ripper (active 1888) 5 known victims, may have been responsible for another 9-16 murders.
- H. H. Holmes (1860–1896) 27 murders confessed, found guilty of 4.
- Joseph Vacher (1869–1898) Suspected of 11-27 murders.
- Agnus McVee (active 1875 to 1885) Along with her husband Jim McVee and her son-in-law Al Riley, she is said to have killed many miners for gold and kidnapped women for sale to miners as white slaves.
- Mary Ann Britland (active 1886) Poisoned her daughter, husband, and the wife of her lover in 1886.
- John and Sarah Makin (active in late nineteenth century, to 1892) Remains of 12 dead infants found at their homes.
- George Chapman (active 1897–1902) Poisoned 3 women.
- Johann Otto Hoch (1862–1906) Found guilty of 1 murder, police suspected at least 15 cases of murder.
- "THE FIRST SERIAL KILLER, WHO WAS HE?". Retrieved 25 February 2014.
- Newton, Michael (2000). The encyclopedia of serial killers. New York: Facts on File. p. 140. ISBN 0-8160-3978-X.
- Modern reference, Wiltenburg, Joy (2013). Crime and Culture in Early Modern Germany. University of Virginia Press. p. 135. ISBN 9780813933030., original account Klossmann, Caspar (publ.) (1654). Mord-Thaten Melcher Hedloffs, sonst Schütze-Melcher genannt. Breslau: Caspar Klossmann.
- "Samuel GREEN". Retrieved 18 February 2014.
- Pilcher, Jeffrey M. (2006). "2. THe Porfirian Jungle". The Sausage Rebelion: Public Health, Private Enterprise, and Mead in Mexico City, 1890-1917 (1 st. ed.). New Mexico, USA: University of New Mexico Press. pp. 62–65. ISBN 978-0-8263-3796-2. Retrieved 20 July 2012.
- Del Castillo Troncoso, Alberto (1888). "13. El Chalequero". Libro Rojo, Vol. 1 (in Spanish) (1st. ed.). Mexico City, Mexico: Gerardo Villadelángel. pp. 128–145. ISBN 9681686152. Retrieved 20 July 2012. Unknown parameter
- Sánchez González, Agustín (2011). The Sweet Taste of Death (1st. ed.). Mexico City, Mexico: Martínez Roca. ISBN 978-607-07-0141-2. Unknown parameter
- Chávez Castañeda, Ricardo (1892). "15. El País de la madre". Libro Rojo, Vol. 1 (in Spanish) (1st. ed.). Mexico City, Mexico: Gerardo Villadelángel. pp. 173–182. ISBN 9681686152. Retrieved 20 July 2012. Unknown parameter
- http://www.cariboogoldrush.com/people/agnes.htm. Cariboo Gold Rush Journey
- Kidd, Paul B. "The Baby Farmers". TruTV.com. p. 2. Retrieved 20 July 2012.