List of serial killers by number of victims
||This article is incomplete. (February 2013)|
A serial killer is a person who murders two or more people, in two or more separate events over a period of time, for primarily psychological reasons. There are gaps of time between the killings, which may range from a few hours to many years. This list shows serial killers from the 20th century to present day by number of victims (list of serial killers before 1900). In many cases, the exact number of victims assigned to a serial killer is not known, and even if that person is convicted of a few, there can be the possibility that he/she killed many more.
Due to the complex nature of serial killers, their crimes, discrepancies caused by geographic location and/or time, and the investigations related to these persons results in difficulties in organization and ranking. To address this, multiple categories have been provided in order to more accurately describe the nature of certain serial murders. This is not a reflection of an individual's overall rank which may or may not vary depending on personal opinion concerning the nature and circumstances of their crimes. The fourth column in the table states the number of victims definitely assigned to that particular serial killer, and thus the table is in order of that figure. The fifth column states the number of possible victims the killer could have murdered. Some of these crimes are unsolved, but were included because they are the work of a serial killer, despite nobody being caught.
- 1 Serial killers before 1900
- 2 Serial killers with the highest known victim count
- 3 Serial killers with 30 victims or fewer
- 4 Medical professionals and quacks
- 5 Serial killer groups and couples
- 6 Serial killers with fewer than 15 proven victims
- 7 Serial killers with fewer than 5 proven victims
- 8 Disputed cases
- 9 See also
- 10 References
Serial killers before 1900
Serial killers with the highest known victim count
This list is a compilation of fifteen modern serial killers currently with the highest verifiable murder count, non medical, and working alone.
|Name||Country||Years active||Proven victims||Possible victims||Notes|
|Luis Garavito||Colombia||1990s||138||172–400+||Child-murderer, torture-killer, and rapist known as "La Bestia" ("The Beast"). Convicted of killing 138 victims but suspected of murdering over 400 victims, mostly street children. Garavito served one of his sentences, but there are another 20 prosecutions against him preventing his release. Additionally, the Ley de Infancia y Adolescencia eliminates the possibility of his release.|
|Pedro López|| Colombia
|1969 to 1980||110||310–350+||Child-murderer and rapist, known as "The Monster of the Andes". Targeted young girls, between the ages of 8 and 12. Arrested in 1980 and convicted in 1983 of killing 110 young girls but confessed to killing 300, exact total unknown. Though he may be the most prolific serial killer of the 20th century, he was released in 1998. Current whereabouts unknown.|
|Daniel Camargo|| Colombia
|1974 to 1986||72||150||Child-murderer, believed to have possibly raped and killed over 150 victims, primarily young virgin girls. Confessed to killing 72 victims, and incarcerated with Pedro Alonso Lopez. Considered to be intelligent, and believed to have been motivated to kill from his stepmother abusing him as a child. He strangled young girls in Colombia and was arrested, but he escaped from prison and he started killing in Ecuador; rearrested in 1989, he was killed in jail.|
|Pedro Rodrigues Filho||Brazil||1967 to 2003||71||100+||Convicted and sentenced to 128 years, but the maximum one can serve in Brazil is 30 years. He has claimed to have killed over 100 victims, 47 of them inmates. He also killed his father and ate a piece of his heart. He killed his first two victims at the age of 14; he was first arrested in 1973.|
|Yang Xinhai||China||2000 to 2003||67||Would enter victims' homes at night and kill everyone with axes, meat cleavers, hammers, and shovels. Executed in February 2004. Known as the "Monster Killer".|
|Andrei Chikatilo|| Soviet Union
|1978 to 1990||53||56||Known as Butcher of Rostov, The Red Ripper or The Rostov Ripper. Convicted of the murder of 53 women and children between 1978 and 1990. Executed in 1994. Another man was previously convicted and executed for his crimes.|
|Anatoly Onoprienko|| Soviet Union
|1989 to 1996||52||52+||Known as "The Beast of Ukraine", "The Terminator" and "Citizen O". Convicted of the murders of 9 people in 1989 and 43 people in 1995–1996. Sentenced to death, later commuted to life. Traveled through Europe illegally from 1990 to 1995; whether he killed during this time is unknown.|
|Gary Ridgway||United States||1982 to 2000||49||71–90+||Truck painter who confessed to killing 71 women. The United States' most prolific serial killer; also known as The Green River Killer. He almost exclusively targeted sex workers from Seattle. Suspected of killing over 90 victims, confessed to 71, convicted of 49.|
|Alexander Pichushkin||Russia||1992 to 2006||48||60||Known as the Chessboard Killer. Convicted of murdering 48 victims and suspected of killing 60. Claimed to have murdered 62 people, because he didn't know that two of his victims had survived; stated goal of becoming Russia's most prolific serial killer.|
|Ahmad Suradji||Indonesia||1986 to 1997||42||70–80+||Convicted of strangling at least 42 women and girls in a series of ritual slayings he believed would give him magical powers. Executed by firing squad on 11 July 2008.|
|Moses Sithole||South Africa||1994 to 1995||38||38+||Preyed on unemployed women, posing as a businessman and luring his victims with the prospects of a job, before leading them to an isolated place, where he raped, tortured, and murdered them. Sentenced to 2410 years imprisonment with a non-parole period of 930 years. Known as South Africa's Ted Bundy.|
|Serhiy Tkach|| Soviet Union
|1984 to 2005||36||80–100||A former Ukrainian police criminal investigator, suffocated girls aged between 8 and 18 and performed sexual acts on their bodies after they were dead. Claims to have killed 100.|
|Gennady Mikhasevich|| Soviet Union
|1971 to 1985||36||43-55||Strangled females. Besides killing, he robbed his victims of money and valuable items (that he would sometimes give to his wife as a gift).|
|Ted Bundy||United States||1974 to 1978||35||36+||America's first "post-modern" serial killer due to his charisma and good looks. Bundy officially confessed to 30 homicides, but has confessed to killing 35–36 women in the past, and some estimates run upwards of 100 or more. Infamous for escaping from prison twice and murdering multiple victims in one day; sometimes abducting women from the same location within hours of one another. He was executed in the electric chair in 1989.|
|John Wayne Gacy||United States||1972 to 1978||33||34+||Known to have murdered a minimum of 33 teenage boys and young men between 1972 and 1978, 26 of whom he buried in the crawl space of his Chicago home. Gacy was known as the "Killer Clown" due to the fact he often entertained children at social events dressed in a self devised clown costume. Gacy was executed in 1994.|
|Ramadan Abdel Rehim Mansour||Egypt||1999 to 2006||32||32+||Gang leader known as al-Tourbini ("The Express Train"). Raped and tortured homeless children, mostly boys aged 10 to 14 years old, aboard the trains between Cairo, Alexandria, Qalyoubeya and Beni Sueif. The victims were usually thrown off the moving train when they were dead or in agony; other times they were thrown into the Nile or buried alive.|
Serial killers with 30 victims or fewer
This part of the list contains all serial killers with at least 15 proven victims that acted alone and were neither medical professionals nor contract killers.
|Name||Country||Years active||Proven victims||Possible victims||Notes|
|Karl Denke|| Germany
|1900 to 1924||30||40+||Cannibal mainly targeting travelers, probably striking them with an axe.|
|Dean Corll||United States||1970 to 1973||28||29+||Corll was responsible for the Houston Mass Murders and was murdered by accomplice Elmer Wayne Henley when Corll turned on him. Corll is responsible for the torture and murder of young boys in Pasadena, Tx and elsewhere in southeast Texas.|
|Maoupa Cedric Maake||South Africa||1996 to 1997||27||35+||Known as the "Wemmer Pan Killer" and "Hammer Killer". He killed his victims with different instruments such as guns, rocks, a knife, and a hammer. Authorities attributed the murders to two serial killers because of the inconsistent modus operandi. In some cases he killed his victims with a rock, in others he shot them, and in others he murdered tailors with a hammer. Maake was arrested after Moses Sithole was found guilty of 38 killings and sentenced|
|Juan Vallejo Corona||United States||1971||25||25+||Corona was convicted of murdering ranch laborers and burying them in orchards. He was sentenced to 25 terms of life imprisonment.|
|Wayne Williams||United States||1979 to 1981||24||31||Believed to have perpetrated the Atlanta murders of 1979–1981. After being convicted of two murders and sentenced to life imprisonment, authorities closed 22 other unsolved murders, declaring Williams to have been the perpetrator. Williams has maintained his innocence and the case was reopened as recently as 2005.|
|Fritz Haarmann||Germany||1918 to 1924||24||27+||Also known as the Butcher of Hannover and the Vampire of Hannover, because of his preferred method of killing by biting through his victim's throat, sometimes while sodomizing them. He would then dump the bodies in the nearby river Leine. Is believed to have been responsible for the murder of 27 boys and young men. He was convicted, found guilty of 24 murders and executed.|
|Béla Kiss||Hungary||1912 to 1916||24||24+||Convicted after the bodies of 24 women were found in his home. Escaped from prison in 1916. Fate unknown|
|Ronald Dominique||United States||1997 to 2006||23||23+||Known locally as the Bayou Strangler and murdered victims in the Terrebonne Parish, Lafourche Parish, Iberville Parish and Jefferson Parish.|
|Earle Nelson||United States||1926 to 1927||22||25||Necrophiliac who targeted and strangled landladies throughout the West Coast during 1926; he was hanged on January 1928; also known as "Gorilla Killer" or "the Dark Strangler".|
|William Bonin||United States||1979 to 1980||21||36+||Bonin and three accomplices are known to have murdered a minimum of 21 youths aged between 12 and 19 in and around Los Angeles. As the majority of his victims were discarded alongside various southern California freeways, Bonin became known as the Freeway Killer. Bonin was convicted of 14 of the freeway murders and was executed in 1996.|
|Vasile Tcaciuc||Romania||1917 to 1935||21||26+||Romanian man who lured victims and then murdered them with an axe; he was arrested after a dog found a dead body in his house on 7 September 1935. He confessed to have committed at least 26 murders. He was shot dead by a policeman while trying to escape from prison.|
|Yoo Young-chul||Republic of Korea||2003 to 2004||21||26||Used a hammer to murder mostly older victims, until his focus shifted to the decapitation and mutilation of escorts after being dumped by a girlfriend who worked in that profession.|
|Patrick Kearney||United States||1965 to 1977||21||43+||Would pick up young male hitch-hikers or young men from gay bars near Redondo Beach, California, and kill them.|
|Alexander Spesivtsev||Russia||1991 to 1996||19||82||Cannibal known as "The Novokuznetsk Monster"; admitted to 19 murders, but 82 bloody sets of clothes were found in his home, along with jewels and photographs of possibly unidentified victims. Found insane and interned in a mental hospital. His mother was sentenced to 16 years in prison for luring Spesivtsev's victims to their home.|
|Sergei Ryakhovsky|| Soviet Union
|1988 to 1993||19||19+||Known as the Balashikha Ripper.|
|Paul John Knowles||United States||1974||18||35||Killed 18 people in various states in 1974. Claimed 35 murders. Known as the "Casanova Killer"; shot dead by FBI agents.|
|Huang Yong||China||2001 to 2003||17||25||Lured and murdered 17 teenage boys, although he is suspected of 25 murders between September 2001 and 2003.|
|Joel Rifkin||United States||1989 to 1993||9||17||Known as "The Drifter", killed prostitutes in New York City, most of them drug addicts. Convicted of nine murders but believed to have committed 17; also suspected of being the unidentified Long Island serial killer.|
|Jeffrey Dahmer||United States||1978 to 1991||17||Dahmer ate some of his victims and kept their body parts in his freezer. Was sentenced to life imprisonment; murdered in prison in 1994.|
|Donato Bilancia||Italy||1997 to 1998||17||Burglar who murdered 17 people, mainly prostitutes, between 1997 and 1998, during six months. Known as the "Prostitutes Killer" and the "Liguria Monster". Sentenced to life.|
|Randy Steven Kraft||United States||1971 to 1983||16||65–100||Convicted on 16 counts of murder but left a cryptic list of 65 murders. May have had an accomplice.|
|Mohammed Bijeh||Iran||2004||16||20||Raped and killed at least 16 boys and teenagers. Nicknamed the "Tehran Desert Vampire". Was convicted and executed after being lashed in front of a crowd in 2005.|
|Sipho Agmatir Thwala||South Africa||1996 to 1997||16||19||Nicknamed the Phoenix Strangler after the area in which he committed his crimes; he raped and strangled 19 females; arrested, he was found guilty of 16 murders.|
|Elias Xitavhudzi||South Africa||1950s||16||Nicknamed Panga man for his use of a machete (locally known as a "panga"). He stabbed and robbed his victims between 1953 and 1959; arrested, he was hanged on 14 November 1960.|
|Jimmy Maketta||South Africa||April–December 2005||16||Pleaded guilty to and convicted of 16 murders and 19 rapes committed over a nine-month period in 2005.|
|Jack Mogale||South Africa||2008 to 2009||16||Raped and strangled females in the Donnybrook area. Convicted of 16 murders and 19 rapes, nine kidnappings, robbery and assault.|
|Robert Lee Yates||United States||1975 to 1998||16||Killed prostitutes in the "Skid Row" area of E. Sprague Avenue in Spokane, Washington.|
|Michel Fourniret||France||1987 to 2001||16||19||Known as the Ogre or Beast of Ardennes. He was caught after a failed kidnapping in 2003.|
|Pietro Pacciani||Italy||1968 to 1985||16||Known as The Monster of Florence. Was convicted of the murders in 1994, but the decision was controversially overturned in appeal. However this last decision was overturned by the Supreme Court which ordered a re-trial. This couldn't be held as Pacciani died in 1998. Two of his alleged accomplices were also convicted.|
|Charles Ray Hatcher||United States||1969 to 1982||16||A habitual criminal, confessed to the rape and murder of over 20 young and adolescent males. Escaped from prison several times and was declared a "manipulative institutionalized sociopath" |
|Jose Antonio Rodriguez Vega||Spain||1987 to 1988||16||Nicknamed El Mataviejas (The Old Lady Killer), he raped and killed at least 16 elderly women, ranging in age from 61 to 93 years old, in and around Santander, Cantabria.|
|Saeed Hanaei||Iran||2000 to 2001||16||Confessed to luring 16 prostitutes to his home and killing them in an attempt to "cleanse" the city of Mashhad. His actions were dubbed "The Spider Murders". Hanged in 2002.|
|Robert Hansen||United States||1980 to 1983||15||21||Prostitutes he kidnapped were released into the Alaskan wilderness for him to hunt down like animals. Based on discovered remains, police suspect him of six murders in addition to the 15 for which he was convicted.|
|Angel Maturino Resendiz||United States||1986 to 1999||15||18||Known as the "Railroad Killer" because his killings were committed near the railroad tracks he used to traverse the country. He was charged with and/or confessed to 15 murders occurring from 1986 to 1999 in Texas, Florida, Illinois, Georgia, and Kentucky. He was also suspected in a 1997 California murder case and claimed two additional killings he refused to elaborate on.|
|Dennis Nilsen||United Kingdom||1978 to 1983||15||15–16||Picked up young men in London between 1978 and 1982 and dismembered them, keeping various body parts around his home.|
|Elifasi Msomi||South Africa||1950s to 1956||15||Killed his victims with an axe or a knife in the 1950s; hanged in 1956.|
Medical professionals and quacks
|Name||Country||Years active||Proven victims*||Possible victims||Miscellaneous information|
|Harold Shipman||United Kingdom||1975–1998||218||250||Convicted of 15 murders and responsible for the deaths of 218 patients identified by inquiry but is believed to have killed up to 250 people. He would inject diamorphine into his patients and then falsify the medical records, reporting that his patient had been in poor health. Known as Doctor Death. Hanged himself in prison.|
|Hu Wanlin||China||1997 to 1999||146||150+||Ran hospitals in Shanxi, Shaanxi, and Henan despite lacking a license or any kind of medical formation, where he administered "miracle cures" that contained high amounts of poisonous sodium sulphate.|
|Miyuki Ishikawa||Japan||1940s||103+||169||Euthanized more than 103 newborn children. As a maternity nurse she killed infants born to parents unwilling to care for them during the prohibition of abortion in Japan. Arrested in 1948 and sentenced to 4 years in prison.|
|Steven Massof||United States||July 2003 to June 2008||100+||Massof, who worked at Kermit Gosnell's abortion clinic, testified that he snipped the spines of more than 100 babies after seeing them show signs of life. |
|Donald Harvey||United States||1970 to 1987||37||57–87||Self-professed Angel of Death. Worked as an orderly in Cincinnati-area hospitals and preyed on his patients. Claims to have killed 87 patients starting at age 18. Active 1970–1987. Serving 28 life sentences in Ohio.|
|Jane Toppan||United States||1885 to 1901||31||Nurse that confessed to poisoning 31 patients for her own sexual gratification. After overdosing them she would get in bed and lie with them as they died. Found not guilty by reason of insanity and interned in a mental institution until her death in 1938.|
|Anders Hansson||Sweden||1978 to 1979||27||Poisoned victims with gevisol and ivisol. His actions were called "The Hospital Murders" (Swedish: Sjukhusmorden)[circular reference]|
|Marcel Petiot||France||1926 to 1944||26||63||Active 1926 and from 1942 to 1944. Petiot is suspected of having killed up to 63 in total. Executed in 1946.|
|Arnfinn Nesset||Norway||1983 and earlier||22||27–138+||Norwegian nurse and most prolific known serial killer in Scandinavian history, convicted on 18 March 1983 of poisoning at least 22 patients with Curacit; however he initially confessed to 27 murders; after he retracted his confessions and he told he had killed 138 patients. Was released from prison in 2004 after serving 21 years, the maximum punishment possible by Norwegian law.|
|Charles Cullen||United States||1988 to 2003||18–29||35–400+||Nurse in New Jersey and Pennsylvania who murdered at least 29 patients between 1988 and 2003, but experts believe the number could be as high as 400. Cullen has admitted to more murders, which authorities believe are likely, but the murders cannot be verified due to lack of records.|
|Waltraud Wagner||Austria||1983 to 1989||15||49–200+||A nurse who killed elderly patients at Lainz General Hospital in Vienna using lethal injection and other methods including drowning. Together with her accomplices, she confessed to 49 murders but may have been responsible for up to 200. One of the "Lainz Angels of Death".|
|Maxim Petrov||Russia||2000 to 2002||12||19||Doctor who killed his patients in St. Petersburg. Suspected of 19 murders.|
|Joan Vila||Spain||2009 to 2010||11||15||Nursing home worker who fatally poisoned at least 11 elderly residents in Olot. During trial he claimed them to be mercy kills intended to spare the victims of further suffering, even though three of them were administered caustic cleaning materials that caused severe burns and a long agony.|
|Petr Zelenka||Czech Republic||2006||7||21||Killed his victims with a lethal injection of heparin from May to September 2006. Ten people survived his murder attempt. Suspected of up to 14 additional murders.|
|Orville Lynn Majors||United States||1993 to 1995||6||130||LPN in Vermillion County Ind., Preyed on elderly patients—thought to have killed many of them with injections of potassium chloride. Serving 360 years in Indiana.|
|Christine Malèvre||France||1998 and earlier||6||30||Nurse who killed terminally ill patients claiming that they had asked her to help them die, something denied by their families. Sentenced to 12 years in prison for 6 murders and suspect of 30.|
|Kristen Gilbert||United States||1990 to 1996||5||70+||Targeted patients. Sentenced to life without parole.|
|Amy Archer-Gilligan||United States||1910 to 1917||5||48+||A nursing home proprietor believed to have poisoned as many as 60 patients from her homes and her second husband. Charged with 5 murders originally, this was lowered to just one following her admission of guilt, and was found guilty of second degree murder. Died in a mental hospital in 1962.|
|Irene Leidolf||Austria||1983 to 1989||5||49–200||Murdered elderly patients along with Waltraud Wagner. Convicted of five of the murders perpetrated by the "Lainz Angels of Death".|
|Aino Nykopp-Koski||Finland||2004 to 2009||5||Nurse who killed five elderly patients using sedatives and opiates in Finland.|
|Michael Swango||United States||1981 to 1997||4||35–60+||Murderer and serial killer suspect.|
|Kermit Gosnell||United States||1989? to 2011||4||100+||Gosnell, who ran an abortion clinic, was charged with 8 and convicted of 4 murders. Three babies were born alive, then killed by cutting the infant's spine with scissors. One mother died due to complications. Testimony indicated hundreds of similar procedures carried out by Gosnell and his staff.|
|Edson Izidoro Guimaraes||Brazil||1999 and earlier||4||5-131||Nurse who injected patients with potassium chloride or took their oxygen masks off. Confessed to 5 murders which he claimed to be mercy kills and was convicted of 4 in 2000, sentenced to 76 years in prison. Some believe that he might have killed as many as 131 patients for money, as he was paid $60 for informing local funeral homes of a patient's death so that they could contact the deceased's relatives first.|
|Beverley Allitt||United Kingdom||1991||4||A nurse, Allitt attacked 11 children in her care during a period of 59 days, killing four of them. Some of the victims were overdosed with insulin, others were injected with air bubbles. Imprisoned for life since 1993.|
|Abraao Jose Bueno||Brazil||2005||4||Nurse who injected small children with sedatives until they stopped breathing. He would then alert the doctors in an attempt to earn the respect of his colleagues for being the first one to notice that something was wrong. Convicted of 4 deaths and 4 more murder attempts to 110 years in prison.|
|Robert George Clements||United Kingdom||1920 to 1947||1||4||Believed to have murdered his four wives, all of whom died young and whose death certificates were signed by Clements himself. Clements committed suicide with a morphine overdose when police came to arrest him for the murder of his fourth wife, who had died of the same cause.|
Serial killer groups and couples
|Name||Country||Years active||Proven victims*||Possible victims||Miscellaneous information|
|Philadelphia Poison Ring||United States||1938 and earlier||114||Gang of 16 that poisoned Italian immigrants with arsenic in order to collect their life insurance. The leaders, cousins Herman and Paul Petrillo, were executed on the electric chair in 1941 while the rest were given life sentences.|
|Delfina & María de Jesús González||Mexico||1955 to 1964||91+||Two sisters who ran a brothel in Mexico, hired numerous prostitutes and murdered at least 80 of them after they were deemed useless during the span of ten years. They also killed 11 men. Probably the work of four of the sisters, sentenced to 40 years in prison. Body count varies due to the combined work of the sisters being impossible to assign to them individually.|
|Angel Makers of Nagyrév||Hungary||1911 to 1929||50||300+||26 women who poisoned their husbands (sometimes also their parents, lovers and children) with arsenic under the guidance of midwife Júlia Fazekas and her accomplice, Susi Oláh.|
|Dean Corll, David Owen Brooks and Elmer Wayne Henley||United States||1970 to 1973||28||42+||Corll, known as "The Candy Man", killed at least 28 teenage boys and young men in Houston between 1970 and 1973. Corll was then shot and killed by one of the two teenage accomplices he recruited to assist him in the abductions of the victims on August 8, 1973. This accomplice, Elmer Wayne Henley, informed the police of the trio's murders the same day Corll was murdered.|
|Adolfo Constanzo and Sara Aldrete||Mexico||1987? to 1989||25+||"The Godparents of Matamoros". Leader and second in command of a cult that abducted men to perform human sacrifices.|
|Igor Suprunyuck and Viktor Sayenko||Ukraine||2007||21||Also known as "The Dnepropetrovsk Maniacs". Killed random people over a two-month period and tortured dogs and cats, received lifetime imprisonment.|
|Surender Koli and Moninder Singh Pandher||India||2005 to 2006||19||30+||Between 2005 and 2006, businessman Moninder Singh Pandher and his domestic servant, Surender Koli, kidnapped, raped, murdered, and dismembered 19 people (mostly children). Convicted.|
|Anísio Ferreira de Sousa and followers||Brazil||1989 to 1992||19||Satanic ring that abducted, mutilated and sacrificed children in Altamira, Brazil. The leader, Ferreira de Sousa, was convicted for four murders and two more attempts to 77 years in prison.|
|Ripper Crew||United States||1981 to 1982||18||Abducted women, mostly prostitutes, then raped, tortured and killed them in Chicago, Illinois.|
|Vladyslav Volkovich and Volodymyr Kondratenko||Ukraine||1991 to 1997||16||20+||"The Nighttime Killers". Murdered homeless men and lone drivers with a variety of weapons.|
|Fred West and Rosemary West||United Kingdom||1967 to 1987||12||20||Mainly targeted young females but were also found guilty of the murder of their own daughter. Also found guilty of raping another daughter. Buried the victims around their house and local area. Shortly before he committed suicide on New Year's Day, 1995, Fred West said there were more victims.|
|Leonard Lake and Charles Ng||United States||1982 to 1985||11||25||Abducted women, used them as sex slaves, and then murdered them, together with any men, women, and children who got in their way. Lake committed suicide upon arrest, but Ng was later convicted of killing 11 people. Between 1982 and 1985, Lake and Ng were believed to have abducted and killed as many as 25 victims, as evidenced by human remains found on Lake's California ranch.|
|Wolfgang Abel and Marco Furlan||Italy||1977 to 1984||10||27||The victims, seemingly chosen at random and killed by different methods, were found next to letters written in Italian, signed "Ludwig" and containing Nazi imagery, that gave a reason for why the murder had been committed. Abel and Furlan were arrested in Castiglione delle Stiviere while dousing a crowded discothèque with gasoline and sentenced in 1987 to 30 years in prison for all crimes (later reduced to 27).|
|Joshi-Abhyankar serial murderers||India||1976 to 1977||10||Four Pune commercial art students (Rajendra Jakkal, Dilip Sutar, Shantaram Kanhoji Jagtap and Munawar Harun Shah) that broke into random people's homes and businesses and strangled them with a nylon rope. Hanged in 1983.|
|The Hernández Brothers Sect||Mexico||1963||8||Originally a scam intended to extort money and sexual favors from the poor, illiterate inhabitants of the small village of Yerba Buena, who were promised favors from "Inca gods" in the mountains, the cult came to include Aztec-inspired human sacrifices after prostitute Magdalena Solís took over as high priestess. 15 people were sentenced to 30 years in prison for their participation in the ritual murders of seven villagers and one police officer.|
|Futoshi Matsunaga and Junko Ogata||Japan||1993 to 2002||7||9||Under Matsunaga's leadership, who had a long history of conning (and possibly murdering) women, the couple abducted, tortured and disposed of the bodies of six relatives of Ogata and one neighbor in their condominium of Kitakyushu. Matsunaga was sentenced to death and Ogata to life in prison in 2007.|
|Auto Shankar's Gang||India||1988 to 1989||6||9||Nine men who collaborated to abduct and murder at least 6 teenage girls in Chennai; their bodies were cremated and thrown into the sea or buried under residential homes. Leader Auto Shankar and two accomplices were sentenced to death by hanging in 1991, his brother Auto Mohan to three consecutive life sentences in prison and five other collaborators to six months in prison.|
|Gert van Rooyen and Joey Haarhof||South Africa||1988 to 1989||6||8||Their victims were never found; the pair shot dead a police officer and then committed suicide when faced with arrest after the escape of their last kidnap victim.|
|Artyom Alexandrovich Anoufriev and Nikita Vakhtangovich Lytkin||Russia||2010 to 2011||6||Teenaged thrill-killers of random people.|
|Ian Brady and Myra Hindley||United Kingdom||1963 to 1965||5||5+||The "Moors Murderers". Abducted children in northern England. They were found guilty of two and three murders respectively.|
|The Skin Hunters||Poland||2002 and earlier||5||Unknown||Hospital crew that killed patients in order to get bribes from nearby funeral homes. Two doctors and two paramedics were convicted for the murder of five patients, but the investigation is still going on with over 40 remaining suspects.|
|Gwendolyn Graham and Catherine May Wood||United States||1987||5||Nurses who killed five elderly women in Grand Rapids, Michigan.|
|David and Catherine Birnie||Australia||1986||4||4–8||Australian couple who raped and murdered four women in their home and attempted to murder a fifth in Perth in 1986. Both were sentenced to four consecutive life sentences without the possibility of parole; David Birnie hanged himself in prison on October 7, 2005.|
|Raymond Fernandez and Martha Beck||United States||1947 to 1949||3||20||Known as the "Lonely Hearts Killers", Fernandez and Beck extorted women Fernandez met through lonely hearts advertisements. Both were arrested in Michigan in 1949 for the murders of a woman and her 2-year-old daughter, but Michigan authorities waived prosecution and extradited the pair to New York to face trial for a murder that occurred there because New York had the death penalty while Michigan did not. They were convicted of that murder and executed on March 8, 1951.|
|John Duffy and David Mulcahy||United Kingdom||1985 to 1986||3||Raped dozens of women in train stations (beginning in 1982) before switching to murder.|
|Raya and Sakina and their husbands||Egypt||1920 and earlier||2||Unknown||Gang of four that rented a house for women and killed them to rob their money and jewellery. Raya and Sakina were the first women executed in the modern state of Egypt, in 1921.|
Serial killers with fewer than 15 proven victims
This part of the list contains all serial killers with less than 15 proven victims that acted alone and were neither medical professionals nor contract killers.
|Name||Country||Years active||Proven victims*||Possible victims||Miscellaneous information|
|Carl "Coral" Watts||United States||1974 to 1982||14||80+||Believed to have killed over 80 women in multiple states, in 1982 Watts accepted a plea bargain in Texas in which he would plead guilty to a lesser charge and be granted immunity from murder charges in exchange for providing information on his victims; as a result he confessed to 12 murders and was sentenced to 60 years in prison on the lesser charge. He was sentenced to life imprisonment in separate trials in Michigan in 2004 and 2007, and died of cancer a week after the 2007 sentence was handed down.|
|Vampire of Silesia||Poland||1964 to 1970||14||21+||Killed 14 women in 1964–1970 in Poland's region of Upper Silesia. Zdzisław Marchwicki (executed in 1977) was most likely the man responsible for the killings; however, his guilt remains in dispute.|
|Arthur Shawcross||United States||1972 to 1989||14||After being arrested in 1972 for the rape and murder of two children, he was able to plead down to a sentence for manslaughter. After 14½ years of incarceration, he began targeting prostitutes. Strangled and battered his victims. Known as the "Genesee River Killer", "Genesee River Strangler", "Rochester Strangler", and "Monster of the Rivers".|
|Cleveland Torso Murderer||United States||1934 to 1938||13||40+||Unidentified serial killer, also known as "The Mad Butcher of Kingsbury Run", who targeted drifters and derelicts, of whom only two were identified, between 1934 and 1938 in Cleveland, Ohio.|
|Kaspars Petrovs||Latvia||2003||13||38+||Confessed to strangling 38 elderly residents of Riga, Latvia, in 2003. Convicted and sentenced to life imprisonment for the robbery and murder of 13.|
|Richard Ramirez||United States||1984 to 1985||13 ||20||Killed 13 people between June 28, 1984, and August 24, 1985, in Los Angeles. Known as the "Night Stalker". Ramirez was sentenced to death in 1989, and died of natural causes in 2013 while still on death row.|
|Peter Sutcliffe||United Kingdom||1975 to 1980||13||15||Killed 13 women between October 30, 1975, and November 17, 1980, mainly in Yorkshire. Was known as the "Yorkshire Ripper".|
|Herbert Mullin||United States||1972 to 1973||13||Despite detailed confessions, prosecutors decided not to try him for the first three crimes, instead focusing on crimes that conflicted with his insanity plea.|
|Boston Strangler||United States||1962 to 1964||13||Although Albert DeSalvo was widely thought to be the Boston Strangler, police and others analysing the case have long doubted the truth of his confession.|
|Vasiliy Kulik|| Soviet Union
|1984 to 1986||13||Known as the Irkutsk Monster.|
|Thozamile Taki||South Africa||2007||13||Known as the "Sugar cane serial killer".|
|Rainbow Maniac||Brazil||2007 to 2008||13||Shot gay men in the head (except one, who was bludgeoned) in the Paturis Park of Carapicuiba.|
|John Justin Bunting||Australia||1992 to 1999||12||Ringleader in the Snowtown murders (aka Bodies in the Barrels Murders); sentenced to 11 consecutive life sentences without the possibility of parole.|
|William Suff||United States||1986 to 1992||12||22||County store clerk who raped, stabbed, strangled, and sometimes mutilated 12 or more prostitutes in Riverside County. Known as the "Riverside Prostitute Killer" and the "Lake Elsinore Killer".|
|Maury Travis||United States||2000 to 2002||12||17||Killed prostitutes in the St. Louis area from 2000 to 2002. Caught when he mailed an Expedia.com map showing where to find a body to a St. Louis newspaper. Committed suicide in prison.|
|Kenneth Alessio Bianchi||United States||1977 to 1978||12||15||Convicted of strangling twelve females between ages 12 and 28 and suspected in another three cases. One of the "Hillside Stranglers".|
|Charles Sobhraj|| Thailand
|1975 to 1976||12||13||French con man known as "The Bikini Killer" or "The Serpent" that targeted Western tourists in vacation spots of South-east Asia, often with the help of female accomplices. Imprisoned in India from 1976 to 1997, and from 2004 serving a life sentence in Nepal.|
|Enriqueta Martí||Spain||c.1900 to 1912||12||Unknown||Self-proclaimed witch that abducted, prostituted, murdered and made potions with the bodies of small children that she sold in Barcelona. Remains of 12 different children were identified in her home, but she is believed to have murdered more. Murdered in prison by fellow immates while awaiting trial in 1913.|
|Herb Baumeister||United States||1990 to 1996||11–16||25+||Strangled gay men and buried their bodies in his backyard in Indiana and Ohio; 11 men were found in the yard but only 5 were identified. Committed suicide when faced with arrest.|
|Sergey Golovkin|| Soviet Union
|1986 to 1992||11||40+||Killed at least 11 boys in the Moscow area between 1986 and 1992. Last person executed in Russia before the death penalty was abolished.|
|Juana Barraza||Mexico||late 1990s to 2006||11||29-49||Female wrestler that bludgeoned or strangled elderly women to rob them.|
|Jack Unterweger|| Austria
( Czech Republic)
|1974 to 1992||11||15||Served 14 years in Austrian prison because of a murder in 1974; killed at least 9 prostitutes after his release. Was a small media star in Austrian media in the early 1990s and was arrested in the United States, where he may have killed another 3 prostitutes, on behalf of Austrian police. Hanged himself in 1994 after being sentenced to life in prison.|
|Benjamin Atkins||United States||1991 to 1992||11||Raped and strangled his victims before abandoning their bodies in vacant buildings.|
|Nannie Doss||United States||1927 to 1954||11||Responsible for 11 deaths between 1927 and 1954. Known as the "Giggling Nanny", the "Giggling Granny", and the "Jolly Black Widow".|
|Clifford Olson||Canada||1980 to 1981||11||Considered a dangerous offender, meaning that Olson could never have been released from prison. He had three parole applications rejected. Died September 30, 2011|
|Martin Lecián|| Czechoslovakia
( Czech Republic)
|1927||11||Responsible for killing 10 policemen and 1 prison officer. Executed in 1927.|
|Henri Désiré Landru||France||1915 to 1919||11||Unknown||Nicknamed "Bluebeard", he put notes in the lonely hearts section of newspapers under different aliases, presenting himself as a widower that wanted to marry a war widow. He killed at least ten women and the teenaged son of one of them, and burned their bodies after he had gained access to their assets. Guillotined.|
|Anthony Sowell||United States||2007 to 2009||11||Unknown||Known as The Cleveland Strangler, he was convicted of killing 11 women between 2007 and 2009, and is suspected in another series of murders in the 1980s, with the two sets of killings separated by a 15 year stint in prison.|
|Francisco Garcia Escalero||Spain||1987 to 1994||11||Known as "The Killer Beggar", schizophrenic homeless man confined to a psychiatric hospital after killing 11 prostitutes and other homeless people between 1987 and 1994.|
|Zhang Yongming||China||2008 to 2012||11||Sold flesh of the victims as ‘ostrich meat’ and kept eyeballs in wine. Executed.|
|Carlos Eduardo Robledo Puch||Argentina||1971||11||Convicted of 11 murders and multiple other crimes including attempted murder and sexual assault. Sentenced to life imprisonment in 1980.|
|Adnan Çolak||Turkey||1992 to 1995||11||Killed eleven elderly women aged 68 to 95 and raped six others. Sentenced to death but changed to life in prison after Turkey abolished the death penalty in 2004.|
|Seisaku Nakamura||Japan||1938 to 1942||11||Teenager serial killer known as the "Hamamatsu Deaf Killer" for being born deaf. Murdered 11 people (including his brother) and attacked many others, among them his father, sister, brother-in-law and nephew. Tried as an adult and executed.|
|Very Idham Henyansyah||Indonesia||2008 and earlier||11||Known as the "singing serial killer" and "Ryan", the artistic name he adopted while awaiting his execution in prison, where he recorded an album and wrote his autobiography. "Ryan" confessed to murdering 11 people including a toddler; 10 of his victims were buried in his parents' home backyard while the last one was butchered and hidden in a suitcase.|
|Lonnie David Franklin, Jr.||United States||1985 to 2007||10||11||Known as the "Grim Sleeper" for the alleged 14 year hiatus he took from murdering between 1988 and 2002. Shot and strangled his victims, mostly women, around South Los Angeles.|
|David Randitsheni||South Africa||2004 to 2008||10||10+||Kidnapped 19 people, raped 17, and murdered 10. Sentenced to 16 consecutive life sentences plus 220 years in prison; hanged himself three weeks after conviction.|
|Edmund Kemper||United States||1964 to 1973||10||A victim of Herbert Mullin was attributed to him originally.|
|Dennis Rader||United States||1974 to 2004||10||Known as the BTK Killer. Murdered ten people in Sedgwick County (in and around Wichita), Kansas, between 1974 and 1991.|
|Dorangel Vargas||Venezuela||1997 to 1999||10||Homeless cannibal known as "The People Eater" and "The Hannibal Lecter of the Andes".|
|Robert Joe Wagner||Australia||1992 to 1999||10||Secondary ringleader in the Snowtown murders and best friend of John Justin Bunting; sentenced to 10 consecutive life sentences without the possibility of parole.|
|Henry Louis Wallace||United States||1990 to 1994||10||Confessed to 10 murders in Charlotte, North Carolina.|
|Angelo Buono||United States||1977 to 1979||10||Convicted of strangling ten females. One of the "Hillside Stranglers". Died in prison in 2002.|
|Charlene Gallego||United States||1978 to 1980||10||Killed ten victims in Sacramento, California, together with her husband, Gerald Gallego.|
|Hwaseong killer||South Korea||1986 to 1991||10||The victims, women aged 14 to 71, were bound, gaged and strangled to death with their own clothes in most cases. The largest criminal case in South Korea with two million officers mobilized and over 21,000 suspects investigated, but went ultimately unsolved.|
|Volker Eckert|| Germany
|1974 to 2006||9-13||19||German trucker that confessed to have abducted, tortured and killed 5 prostitutes through his route in Western Europe, plus strangling a 14-years old girl in his native West Germany in 1974, when he was 15. Police considered him perpetrator of 9 murders (with 4 more being possible), but he hanged himself in prison before being convicted.|
|Peter Kürten||Germany||1913 to 1930||9||79||Charged with nine murders and seven attempted murders. Dubbed "The Vampire of Düsseldorf" by the contemporary media. Executed by guillotine in 1931.|
|Norman Afzal Simons||South Africa||1986 to 1994||9||22||Known as the "Station Strangler", convicted of only one of 22 cases of murder and sodomy of young children near Cape Town.|
|Francis Heaulme||France||1984 to 1992||9||20||Convicted of killing 9 people, but suspected in the murder of dozens. He is known as the "Criminal Backpacker" due to his travels throughout France. He left a trail of bodies wherever he went.|
|Dagmar Overbye||Denmark||1913 to 1920||9||15||Murdered between 9 and 25 children – of which one was her own – during a seven-year period. On March 3, 1921, she was sentenced to death in one of the most talked about trials in Danish history, that changed legislation on childcare. The sentence was later commuted to life in prison. Overbye was working as a professional child caretaker, caring for babies born outside of marriage, murdering her own charges. She strangled them, drowned them or burned them to death in her masonry heater. The corpses were either cremated, buried or hidden in the loft.|
|Alexander Bychkov||Russia||2009 to 2012||9||11||Described in his personal diary how he killed 11 men who were alcoholics and tramps. Confessed to eating body parts of his victims. Found guilty of nine murders and sentenced to life imprisonment.|
|Sergei Martynov||Russia||1992 to 2010||9||9+||Convicted of raping and murdering a woman in 1992. Sentenced to life imprisonment for killing eight more women during a violent crime spree between 2005 and 2010.|
|Ondrej Rigo|| Czechoslovakia
|1990 to 1992||9||Slovak serial killer and necrophile who committed his murders during the early 1990s in Slovakia, Germany and Netherlands. He was arrested in 1992 and received a life sentence in 1994. He remains the murderer with the biggest number of victims in the modern history of Slovakia.|
|Timothy Krajcir||United States||1977 to 1982||9||Confessed to killing nine women, five in Missouri and four others in Illinois and Pennsylvania.|
|Gilberto Chamba|| Ecuador
|1988 to 2004||9||Taxi driver known as "The Monster of Machala", between 1988 and 1993 abducted 10 of his passengers (all lone female students) in this Ecuadorian city and killed 8, often raping them after with a stick. Though sentenced to 16 years in prison, he benefitted from an amnesty campaign in 2000 that also cleared his criminal record and moved to Spain, where he was arrested for the rape and murder of another student and the attempted rape and murder of a prostitute in 2004. Sentenced in 2005 to 45 years in prison.|
|Joseph Paul Franklin||United States||1977 to 1980||8–15||20||Confessed to 20 murders and several attempted murders. Executed November 2013.|
|Yoshio Kodaira|| China
|1928? to 1946||8-11+||Unknown||A serial rapist, Kodaira killed his father-in-law in 1932 and 8 to 10 women in Japan between 1945 and 1946, engaging in necrophilia after the fifth murder. Previously (1920s) he had been deployed to Northern China as a sailor in the Imperial Japanese Navy, where he was free to target the locals. Hanged in 1949.|
|Keith Hunter Jesperson||United States||1990 to 1995||8||160||Dubbed the "Happy Face Killer", Jesperson was convicted of killing 8 women by strangulation.|
|Rodney Alcala||United States||1977 to 1979||8||8–100+||Known as the "Dating Game Killer" for appearing on the game show The Dating Game in the middle of his killing years. Was convicted of at least five murders, though his actual total is estimated to be much higher. Had a locker filled with thousands of photographs of women and children, most in sexually explicit poses, and it is suspected that some of the women photographed may be among Alcala's additional victims.|
|Kiyotaka Katsuta||Japan||1982 to 1983||8||22||Strangled or shot people to rob them, using a gun he had stolen from a policeman after running him over with his car. Hanged in 2000.|
|Christopher Wilder||United States||1984||8||13+||Killed eight women during a spree before accidentally killing himself; suspected in the disappearance and murder of more than 5 more.|
|Kendall Francois||United States||1996 to 1998||8||9||Admitted to killing eight prostitutes in Poughkeepsie, New York, but denies involvement with the disappearance of a ninth prostitute.|
|Eric Edgar Cooke||Australia||1959 to 1963||8||Nicknamed "The Night Caller", he terrorized the city of Perth assaulting 22 people at random with various means, killing eight of them. Hanged in 1964.|
|Gary C. Evans||United States||1985 to 1998||8||Befriended the Son of Sam killer while incarcerated. Released in 1984, he proceeded to burgralize and kill while in and out of jails for over 13 years. Aided investigators in a high profile murder case before dodging parole and being chased. The manhunt finally ended when he jumped to his death off a bridge.|
|Michael Bruce Ross||United States||1981 to 1984||8||Ross confessed to all of the murders, and was convicted of four of them. He was executed by the state of Connecticut on May 13, 2005 by lethal injection, making it the first execution in Connecticut and the whole of New England since 1960.|
|Marybeth Tinning||United States||1972 to 1983||8||Suffocated eight of her nine children during the 1970s. One daughter died of natural causes shortly after birth, the first of the Tinning children to die.|
|Sean Vincent Gillis||United States||1994 to 2003||8||Kidnapped, raped, and mutilated the corpses of Louisiana women.|
|John Christie||United Kingdom||1943 to 1953||8||Gassed, strangled and in some cases raped eight women (one of them his wife) in his flat of Notting Hill, London. Prior to Christie's arrest, one of his victims was attributed to the victim's father, who was hanged after a trial where Christie declared as a witness. The controversy generated led to the abolition of the death penalty in the United Kingdom.|
|Genzo Kurita||Japan||1948 to 1952||8||Serial rapist and murderer, engaging in necrophilia in two of his murders. Two other victims were the children of the woman he targeted, who Kurita threw off a cliff (a third child survived). Hanged in 1959.|
|Kiyoshi Okubo||Japan||1971||8||Raped and murdered eight women aged 17 to 21 upon his release from prison, where he had been for previous rapes. Hanged in 1976.|
|Nikolai Dzhumagaliev|| Soviet Union
|1981 and earlier||7||50-100||Lured women in a park at night and hacked them with an axe as part of a plan to rid the world of prostitution. Also cooked parts of his victims and ate them himself or served them to other people as part of ethnic dishes. Found innocent for reason of insanity and interned in a mental institution.|
|Manuel Delgado Villegas|| Spain
|1964 to 1971||7||48||Wandering criminal known as "El Arropiero" (The Arrope Trader) and "El Estrangulador del Puerto" (The Strangler of Puerto), confessed to the impulsive murders of 48 people of different gender, age, and sexual orientation in three countries (including his girlfriend, which he strangled during sex), though police only investigated him for 22 murders in Spain and was considered proven author of 7. Some of his victims were killed with hand to hand combat techniques that he had learned in the Spanish Foreign Legion. Diagnosed with XYY syndrome and interned in a mental institution until his death in 1998.|
|Ivan Milat||Australia||1990s||7||23–37||Convicted of the Backpacker murders; sentenced to seven consecutive life sentences plus 18 years without the possibility of parole. May have had accomplices.|
|Michael Wayne McGray||Canada||1980s to 2010s||7||18||Convicted of the murder of 6 people in the late 1990s, including a woman and her 11 year old daughter. Claims to have killed 11 others. In 2010, killed a cellmate.|
|Kenneth Erskine||United Kingdom||1986||7||11||Burglar who raped and strangled at least 7 elderly women after breaking into their home.|
|Derrick Todd Lee||United States||2002||7||10||Known as the "Baton Rouge or South Louisiana Serial Killer" convicted of three murders, sentenced to death by lethal injection. Believed to have murdered several other women in Louisiana, Mississippi and Alabama.|
|Peter Manuel||United Kingdom||1956 to 1958||7||9||A US-born Scottish burglar and serial killer who was convicted of murdering seven people across Lanarkshire between 1956 and 1958, believed to have killed a further two. Manuel was the third-last prisoner to be hanged in Scotland, after a sensational trial where he conducted his own defence.|
|Doug Clark||United States||1980||7||8+||Boiler operator who killed prostitutes in Los Angeles. One of the "Sunset Strip Killers".|
|Stanislaw Modzelewski||Poland||1952 to 1967||7||8||Known as "The Vampire of Gałkówek". Confessed to strangling eight women, but convicted of seven because one of the bodies was never found. Hanged.|
|Motta Navas||India||1996 to 2012||7||Active in Kollam, Kerala, Navas was arrested and imprisoned for his firt two murders in 1996 and 2007. During his final crime spree in 2012, he bludgeoned to death five elderly pavement dwellers in their sleep, always after midnight. He feigned a mental illness to avoid suspicion by the police in at least two occasions.|
|Sataro Fukiage||Japan||1906 to 1924||7||Killed seven girls aged 11 to 16 and raped between 93 and 100. Hanged in 1926.|
|Václav Mrázek|| Czechoslovakia
( Czech Republic)
|1951 to 1956||7||Killed 7 women in Chomutov. Executed in 1957.|
|Paul Dennis Reid||United States||1997||7||Reid killed the employees of restaurants he targeted for a series of robberies.|
|Roberto Succo|| Italy
|1981 to 1988||7||In 1986 he escaped the mental hospital where he was recluded in for murdering his parents five years earlier and began a crime spree in Europe that included burglary, hijacking, kidnapping, rape and murder and earned him the Public Enemy Number One spot in Italy, France and Switzerland. Committed suicide in prison after failing to escape a second time.|
|Anatoly Slivko|| Soviet Union
|1961 to 1985||7||As a member of the Young Pioneers (Soviet Boy Scouts), Slivko gained the trust of 43 young boys over almost three decades, asphyxiated them until they fell unconscious, and then ritually molested, filmed, photographed and resuscitated them. The seven boys that didn't wake up were dismembered and burned. Minutes before his execution in 1989, police asked Slivko for advice in the investigation of Andrei Chikatilo's crimes.|
|Wladyslaw Mazurkiewicz||Poland||1950s||6||30||Known as "The Gentleman Killer". Indicted of, and confessed to having committed 30 murders; convicted of 6 and hanged in 1957.|
|John Wayne Glover||Australia||1989 to 1990||6||13||British ex-pat living in Australia. Known by the media as "The Granny Killer" as he targeted elderly women; committed suicide while in prison in 2005.|
|John George Haigh||United Kingdom||1944 to 1949||6||9||Called the "Acid Bath Murderer" for dissolving his victims in sulphuric acid under the belief that he could not be prosecuted for murder if no body was found. He would then forge papers to sell the victims possessions. Confessed nine murders, convicted of six and hanged.|
|Aileen Carol Wuornos||United States||1989 to 1990||6||8+||Killed strangers, all men, along Florida highways over 13 months while working as a prostitute.|
|Jack the Stripper||United Kingdom||1964 to 1965||6||8||Murdered at least six prostitutes in London and may have been responsible for the deaths of two others before that. Remains unidentified.|
|James Miller||Australia||1976 to 1977||6||7||Sentenced to six consecutive terms of life imprisonment with a non-parole period of 35 years. Died of cancer in 2008.|
|Robert Berdella||United States||1984 to 1987||6||6+||Berdella abducted, raped, tortured, and murdered at least six men.|
|Richard Trenton Chase||United States||1977||6||Schizophrenic known as "The "Vampire of Sacramento", he was convicted of six murders performed in the span of a month after being released of a psychiatric hospital where he had been committed for killing and eating the raw meat of several animals. In addition to killing his victims, he often raped the women's bodies and drank their blood, or took their organs home and ate them.|
|David Berkowitz||United States||1976 to 1977||6||The "Son of Sam", he would shoot couples in their cars, killing six and wounding seven.|
|Aleksandr Rubel||Estonia||1997 to 1998||6||He was intoxicated on gasoline vapour during his murders. Sentenced as a minor to the maximum punishment allowed by law — eight years imprisonment — he was released on 2006.|
|András Pándy||Belgium||1986 to 1990||6||Former clergyman nicknamed "Father Bluebeard", killed his two wives and four of his children with the help of a fifth he was having an incestuous affair with, and whom denounced him to the authorities seven years later. Sentenced to life imprisonment in 2002.|
|Dayton Leroy Rogers||United States||1983 to 1987||6||Killed street women, usually addicts, prostitutes and runaways. He would tie, rape, and kill them in a forest.|
|Alfredo Galán||Spain||2003||6||Called "The Deck of Cards Killer". A former corporal in the Spanish Army, he ambushed random people and shot them in the head or back at very close range, using always a Tokarev TT-33 handgun that he had acquired while stationed in Bosnia. Three other victims survived. After each attack he would leave a marked playing card as his signature. Sentenced to 142 years in prison after surrendering himself voluntarily to justice.|
|Richard Cottingham||United States||1977 to 1980||5||85–100||Killer operating in New York and New Jersey who often targeted prostitutes and utilized mutilation as well as dismemberment in his killings. Known as the "Torso Killer", convicted of five murders. He made claims of victim count as up to a hundred, however, there was no evidence to support this and is considered unsubstantiated.|
|John Floyd Thomas||United States||1957 to 2009||5||17–25||Serial murderer and rapist with one of the longest criminal careers in the US.|
|Carl Panzram||United States||1915 to 1929||5||22||From 1920 to 1928, he claimed in a posthumous autobiography to have committed over 22 killings, and sodomy of more than 1,000 young men. Hanged on September 5, 1930.|
|Steve Wright||United Kingdom||2006||5||5–22||Referred to as "Suffolk murders", "Ipswich murders", "Ipswich Ripper", "Suffolk Ripper", "Suffolk Strangler", "East Anglia Ripper", "Red Light Ripper" and "the Suffolkator". Murdered five prostitutes, all of whom worked in Ipswich in 2006. There are possible links to previous Suffolk prostitute killings.|
|Hubert Pilčík|| Czechoslovakia
( Czech Republic)
|1948 to 1951||5||10+||Made money smuggling people across the Czechoslovakia-Germany border, but killed most of his customers.|
|William Patrick Fyfe||Canada||1979 to 1999||5||9||Convicted of killing five women in the Montreal area of Quebec, although he claims to have killed four others. Serving a life sentence in West Canada.|
|David Maust|| Germany
|1974 to 2003||5||9||Killed teenage boys; caught when bodies of three boys were found in the concrete floor of his basement in Hammond, Indiana. Committed suicide in prison in 2006.|
|Danny Rolling||United States||1989 to 1990||5||8||Known as the "Gainesville Ripper"; murdered five students in August 1990. Executed on October 6, 2006. Shortly before his execution, he gave a handwritten confession to authorities for a triple homicide of an elderly man, his adult daughter, and young grandson that occurred years earlier in Rolling's hometown of Shreveport, LA. Although Rolling was never officially charged or extradicted to LA to stand trial for the "Grissom Murders", Shreveport Police had confirmed even before the confession that Rolling had long been considered the lone suspect and the case was closed.|
|Allan Joseph Legere||Canada||1989||5||7+||Convicted of killing five people in the Miramichi area, New Brunswick. Legere is now serving a life sentence Canada's only super maximum prison (Special Handling Unit).|
|Joseph E. Duncan III||United States||1996 to 2005||5||7||Convicted of killing a California boy in 1997 and 4 members of an Idaho family in 2005. Confessed to two 1996 murders in Washington state, but has not been formally charged. Currently on U.S. federal death row.|
|Stephen Akinmurele||United Kingdom||1995 to 1998||5||7||Known as "The Cul-de-sac Killer". Considered mentally ill, Akinmurele had a "pathological hatred" of old people and had committed crimes against them since he was 11. Killed himself in prison.|
|Vincent Johnson||United States||1999 to 2000||5||6||"The Brooklyn Strangler".|
|Thomas Dillon||United States||1989 to 1992||5||Shot five men in southeastern Ohio: one while jogging, two deer hunting and two fishing.|
|Anthony Kirkland||United States||1987 to 2009||5||Kirkland murdered four females between 2006 and 2009, three of them children, following a 16-year prison term for the murder of another woman.|
|William MacDonald||Australia||1961 to 1962||5||Murdered derelicts in Sydney and Brisbane between 1960 and 1962; sentenced to five consecutive life sentences.|
|Marc Dutroux||Belgium||1995 to 1996||5||Serial killer convicted of having kidnapped, tortured and sexually abused six girls ranging in age from 8 to 19, four of whom he murdered; also tortured and murdered his accomplice, Bernard Weinstein.|
|Harry Powers||United States||1931||5||"Lonely Hearts" swindler and conman. Killed two women and three children in Quiet Dell, West Virginia. Arrested after the bodies were found buried near his garage in 1931 and hanged in 1932.|
|Joaquín Ferrándiz Ventura||Spain||1995 to 1996||5||Raped and strangled five women in Castellón, attacking two more that survived. Sentenced to 69 years in prison|
|Archibald Hall||United Kingdom||1977||5||Called "The Monster Butler". Died in prison in 2002.|
|Colin Ireland||United Kingdom||1993||5||Called "The Gay Slayer". A highly organized serial killer, Ireland picked passive masochist gay men in the Coleherne public house, accompanied them home, and murdered them after they were voluntarily restrained. He then cleaned the house of forensic evidence and left when he was sure of not appearing suspicious.|
|Metod Trobec|| Yugoslavia
|1976 to 1978||5||Raped, killed and cremated five women in his home. Also tried to murder two other immates while in prison before committing suicide in his cell in 2006.|
|Romulus Vereş||Romania||1970s||5||Known as "The Hammer Man". Institutionalized.|
|Willem van Eijk||Netherlands||1971 to 2001||5||Known as "The Beast of Harkstede".|
|Akira Nishiguchi||Japan||1963||5||Fraudster, murdered two people while engaging in confidence scams and killed three others while on the run from justice. Hanged in 1970.|
Serial killers with fewer than 5 proven victims
This part of the list contains all serial killers with less than 5 proven victims that acted alone and were neither medical professionals nor contract killers.
|Name||Country||Years active||Proven victims*||Possible victims||Miscellaneous information|
|Leonard Fraser||Australia||1998 to 1999||4||7||Serial rapist and pedophile who murdered four women in Rockhampton. Sentenced to five consecutive life sentences plus 25 years without the possibility of parole; died in prison of a heart attack in 2007.|
|Margarita Sánchez Gutiérrez||Spain||1992 to 1995||4||6+||Con woman known as "The Cross-eyed" and "The Black Widow of L'Hospitalet", poisoned at least 7 relatives and neighbors (4 of whom died) in order to rob them.|
|Ricardo Caputo|| United States
|1971 to 1983||4||6||Was #1 of the FBI Ten Most Wanted Fugitives during his time as a fugitive in the 1980s. Surrendered himself to justice in 1994 and died of cardiac arrest in prison three years later.|
|Jozef Slovák|| Czechoslovakia
( Czech Republic)
|1978 to 1991||4||4+||Suspected by investigators of more murders, but only four could be proven.|
|Robert Black||United Kingdom||1981 to 1986||4||4+||Convicted of kidnapping, raping and murdering four girls aged between 5 and 11. Suspect in other earlier child murders in the UK and other European countries.|
|Caroline Grills||Australia||1947 to 1953||4||Poisoned four people (most of them relatives) with thallium hidden in tea and scones she had given them in Sydney. Sentenced to five consecutive life sentences (including one for attempting to poison another family member); died from peritonitis in 1960.|
|Arnold Sodeman||Australia||1930 to 1935||4||Also called the "Schoolgirl Strangler", because he preyed on girls between the ages of 8-12. He lured at least two of his victims by offering to buy them ice cream and offered another victim a ride on his bicycle. Convicted and hanged in 1936.|
|Gordon Cummins||United Kingdom||1942||4||Raped three of his victims and robbed the remaining one. Also attacked two other women. Sentenced to death by hanging.|
|Marc Sappington||United States||2001||4||Schizophrenic serial killer who heard voices telling him to kill after extended daily PCP use. He cannibalized part of his last victim.|
|James Vlassakis||Australia||1997 to 1999||4||Snowtown murderer and stepson of John Justin Bunting; sentenced to four consecutive life sentences with a non-parole period of 26 years.|
|Peter Woodcock||Canada||1956 to 1991||4||Sexual sadist and child rapist. Killed three young children in Toronto in the 1950s. Sentenced to a psychiatric facility, where he murdered a fellow inmate in 1991.|
|Lam Kor-wan||Hong Kong||1980s||4||Taxi driver and one of Hong Kong's only two known serial killers. Famous for keeping body parts in his parents' home.|
|Kathleen Folbigg||Australia||1991 to 1999||4||Mother convicted of murdering her three infant children and the manslaughter of a fourth child. Sentenced to 30 years imprisonment with a non-parole period of 25 years.|
|Jerry Brudos||United States||1968 to 1969||4||Electronics technician who bludgeoned and strangled four young women while dressed up in women's clothing. Known as the "Lust Killer" and "Shoe Fetish Slayer".|
|Miguel Rivera||United States||1972 to 1973||4||Stabbed young boys and cut off their genitals in attempt to transform them into girls in East Harlem and on the Upper West Side of New York. Known as "Charlie Chop-Off".|
|Tsutomu Miyazaki||Japan||1988 to 1989||4||Mutilated and killed four girls, aged between four and seven, and sexually molested their corpses. He drank the blood of one victim and ate her hands.|
|Ma Jiajue||China||2004||4||Murdered 4 roommates as a college student.|
|José Ignacio Orduña||Spain||1978 to 1997||4||Convicted to 82 years for murdering three women in 1982, he was released in 1997 and killed another woman only six months later, for which he was sentenced to 15 years|
|Raúl Osiel Marroquín||Mexico||2005||4||Called "The Sadist". Lured men in gay bars and strangled them, abandoning their bodies inside suitcases all over Mexico City. Two other victims were released after demanding a ransom from their families.|
|Abdelkader S.|| Germany
|1988 to 2011||4||Sentenced to 18 years in prison in Germany for the murder of a woman. Resurfaced in the Spanish Costa del Sol with a false ID in 2011, where he was arrested for murdering three women and is awaiting trial.|
|Cayetano Santos Godino||Argentina||1912||4||Known as Petiso Orejudo ("the Big-eared Midget"). Teenage arsonist, animal killer and child murderer with congenital syphillis. Arrested at age 16 in 1912 for killing 4 children, although he tried to kill seven more, the first one when he was seven himself. Interned in 1913 in a reformatory, where he tried to kill other immates, and from 1915 in prison. Died in jail in 1948.|
|Peter Moore||United Kingdom||1995||4||Stabbed and mutilated four men. Imprisoned for life since 1996.|
|John Cooper||United Kingdom||1985 to 1989||4||Armed robber and rapist. Murdered two couples.|
|Steven Grieveson||United Kingdom||1993 to 1994||4||Murdered four boys in an attempt to conceal his homosexuality.|
|Michael Lupo||United Kingdom||1986||4||Called himself "The Wolf Man". Murdered four men after being diagnosed with HIV, died in prison in 1995.|
|Robert Maudsley||United Kingdom||1973 to 1978||4||Killed three fellow inmates while being held in a mental institution for his first murder. In solitary confinement since 1983.|
|Donald Neilson||United Kingdom||1971 to 1975||4||Armed robber and murderer known as the "Black Panther". Died in prison in 2011.|
|Alexander Tchayka||Russia||1994||4||All the victims were women wearing fur coats and were stabbed multiple times (21 in one case).|
|Ion Rîmaru||Romania||1970 to 1971||4||Known as "The Vampire of Bucharest". Attacked 15 lone waitresses as they returned from work with a hammer, hatchet, knife or iron bar, always after midnight and under unusual weather (snowstorms, fog, hard rain, etc.). Four were killed.|
|Hiroaki Hidaka||Japan||1996||4||Killed and robbed four women. Hanged in 2006.|
|Nicolai Bonner||Israel||2005||4||Born in Moldova, Bonner beat to death four fellow immigrants from the former Soviet Union, three of whom were homeless, and then tried to set them on fire. Sentenced to life imprisonment in 2007.|
|Gordon Northcott||United States||1928||3||4-20||Pedophile who abducted and murdered boys aged between 10 and 12 in Los Angeles and then disposed of the bodies with the help of his mother, Sarah Louise Northcott, and his underage nephew Sanford Clark, whom Northcott had repeatedly threatened and sexually abused. Police considered Northcott a suspect in the disappearance of as many as 20 missing boys in the area that Northcott admitted to have molested, but not murdered; one of these boys surfaced years later alive and confirmed Northcott's version. According to Clark, only four boys were held and murdered in Northcott's property; the three LA children whose remains were found and for whom Northcott was hanged, and an unidentified Mexican boy that Northcott beheaded and disposed of the body near La Puente, California.|
|Stephen Griffiths||United Kingdom||2009 to 2010||3||14||Known to have killed 3 prostitutes, but claims to have killed 14 to beat "Yorkshire Ripper" Peter Sutcliffe. Dubbed himself the "Crossbow Cannibal" as he killed his victims with a hammer and crossbow and then later ate parts of them.|
|Peter Tobin||United Kingdom||1991 to 2006||3||13+||Scottish rapist and serial killer known to have killed at least three young women. Also a suspect in the Bible John murders, committed in Glasgow during the late 1960s.|
|Koos Hertogs||Netherlands||1979 to 1980||3||12||Dutch serial killer convicted of abducting, torturing, raping and killing three girls. Suspected of killing a further 3 to 9 girls and young women in the 1970s.|
|Dorothea Montalvo Puente||United States||1982 to 1988||3||9–25||Ran a boarding house in Sacramento where she poisoned tenants and buried them in the yard in order to steal their social security checks.|
|Albert Fish||United States||1924 to 1928||3||9||Convicted and executed for the kidnapping, rape, murder and cannibalization of three children in New York, suspected of the deaths of six more children and teenagers. Likely insane (though his insanity plea was denied to make possible his execution), Fish boasted that he "had children in every state" and at one point claimed 100 victims.|
|Theodore Kaczynski||United States||1978 to 1995||3||8||Also known as the Unabomber, Kaczynski lived isolated in Montana before his arrest in 1998, sending mail bombs and reactive bombs all over the country to anyone who had a pro-technological stance. Federal authorities were informed of Kaczynski's possible involvement by his brother when he recognized the writing of the Unabomber Manifesto in the New York Times.|
|Michael Gargiulo||United States||1993 to 2008||3||6||Dubbed the "Chiller Killer" and AKA the "Hollywood Ripper" whose killing sprees spanned from 1993–2000 in Chicago and 2001–2008 in Santa Monica, CA and Los Angeles, CA area. Notable for killing Ashton Kutcher's former girlfriend Ashley Ellerin|
|Peter Dupas||Australia||1997 to 1999||3||6||Sexual sadist from Melbourne, who murdered three women and is suspected of at least three further killings. Was convicted of 16 separate acts of sexual violence before his first murder charge. Serving three consecutive life sentences without the possibility of parole.|
|Patrick Mackay||United Kingdom||1973 to 1975||3||5-13||Burglar suspect of 12 violent murders during robberies, charged with 5 and convicted of 3. Bragged to have killed 11 people. In prison for life.|
|Paul Kenneth Bernardo||Canada||1990 to 1992||3||5||The "Scarborough Rapist", later gained national infamy when he moved into torturing and killing teenage girls, assisted by his wife, Karla Homolka.|
|Paul Denyer||Australia||1993||3||5||The "Frankston Killer", sentenced to three consecutive life sentences with a non-parole period of 30 years.|
|Bendali Debs||Australia||1997 to 1998||3||5||Convicted of the murder of Kirsty Harty at Upper Beaconsfield in 1997, and of the Moorabbin Police murders 14 months later to avoid arrest for a string of armed robberies; sentenced to three consecutive life sentences plus 27 years without the possibility of parole.|
|Vlado Taneski||Macedonia||2005 to 2008||3||4||A crime journalist, Taneski came under suspicion when his articles on the rape and murder of three elderly women included information that had not been disclosed by the police. All the victims were poor, uneducated cleaners and knew Taneski's mother. Taneski killed himself in prison before he could be interrogated for the murder of a fourth woman.|
|Peter Kudzinowski||United States||1924 to 1928||3||4||Convicted and executed for the murder of an adult in Scranton, Pennsylvania and two children in New Jersey. Also suspect in the death of two other children in New York City, although Albert Fish later confessed to have murdered one of them himself.|
|Westley Allan Dodd||United States||1989||3||3+||Dodd had an extensive arrest record for molesting children by the time his behavior escalated to include murder. Refusing to appeal his death sentence, he stated that he "should be punished to the full extent of the law, as should all sex offenders and murderers", and that if he ever escaped, he would immediately return to "killing and raping kids". Executed in 1993; his hanging was the first in the United States in 28 years.|
|Robert Napper||United Kingdom||1992 to 1993||3||Rapist and murderer who mutilated one of his victims so badly that the policeman who found her was put into therapy for two years. Suspected of up to 70 violent sexual attacks in South East London attributed to the unidentified "Green Chain Rapist".|
|Chris Benoit||Canada||2007||3||A professional wrestler who killed his wife and son before hanging himself.|
|Charles Albright||United States||1991||3||The trophies this seemingly well-adjusted former teacher took from his victims led the press to dub him the "Texas Eyeball Killer".|
|Bible John||United Kingdom||1968 to 1969||3||Unidentified strangler and rapist of young women active in Glasgow.|
|Leonarda Cianciulli||Italy||1940||3||Killed three women and turned them into soap and biscuits; known as "The Soapymaker of Correggio".|
|William Heirens||United States||1945 to 1946||3||Burglar who stabbed three females between. Known as "The Lipstick Killer".|
|John Joubert||United States||1982 to 1983||3||"The Nebraska Boy Snatcher", Joubert was enlisted in US Air Force when he was arrested for the murders of two children. Later linked to another killing previous to his military service, of an 11-year-old boy in Maine. Joubert's criminal behavior began at the age of 13, with a series of random attacks on strangers that went unsolved until his arrest in Nebraska.|
|Altemio Sanchez||United States||1981 to 2006||3||Known as "The Bike Path Rapist" for murdering three women and raping at least 14 others in and around the Buffalo, New York area. Sentenced to 75 years in prison without the possibility of parole.|
|Karl F. Warner||United States||1969 to 1971||3||Convicted of murdering three teenage girls, in two separate incidents, in the San Francisco Bay Area communities of San Jose and Saratoga, he was briefly suspected of being the notorious Zodiac Killer, but was soon ruled out as a suspect in that case.|
|Eddie Leonski||Australia||1942||3||Confessed to three murders after being picked out of a line of American servicemen by witnesses. Sentenced to death and hanged.|
|Francisca Ballesteros||Spain||1990 to 2004||3||"The Black Widow of Valencia". Poisoned her husband and three children, one of whom survived. Sentenced to 85 years in prison in 2005.|
|Dámaso Rodríguez Martín||Spain||1981 to 1991||3||Serial rapist and voyeur known as "The Warlock". After being sentenced to 55 years for murdering a man and raping his girlfriend in 1981, he escaped from prison in 1991 and fled to the Anaga mountains in Tenerife, where he killed a couple of German hikers (the woman was also raped). Cornered in an abandoned house, Martín shot himself unsuccessfully and was then shot dead by law enforcement.|
|Gustavo Romero Tercero||Spain||1993 to 1998||3||"The Valdepeñas Killer". Armed robber and rapist, he killed a couple after the woman recognized him in 1993, and another woman in 1998 after accidentally hitting her with his car, fearing that a possible investigation would link him to the other crimes. Confessed and was sentenced to 83 years in prison for all crimes in 2003, after his ex-wife denounced him.|
|Lam Kwok-wai||Hong Kong||1993||3||Convicted of 10 rapes and 3 murders that he committed with his bare hands. One of two only known serial killers in Hong Kong.|
|George Chapman||United Kingdom||1897 to 1902||3||Poisoned three consecutive mistresses with tartar emetic. Considered the possible identity of Jack the Ripper at the time of his execution (1903), but this is denied by modern ripperologists.|
|Peter Bryan||United Kingdom||1993 to 2004||3||A paranoid schizophrenic, Bryan was recluded in a mental institution after killing a shop assistant with a hammer in 1993. Released 11 years later after psychiatrists noted his "continued improvement", Bryan immediately killed a friend and was apprehended when he was frying his brains on a pan. Months later, Bryan killed a fellow mental patient, declaring that he didn't eat him solely because he was caught first. Currently imprisoned for life.|
|Anthony Hardy||United Kingdom||2002||3||Killed and dismembered three prostitutes. Diagnosed with personality disorder and recluded in a mental institution for life.|
|Trevor Hardy||United Kingdom||1974 to 1976||3||Called "The Monster of Manchester". Died in prison in 2012.|
|Robin Ligus||United Kingdom||1994||3||Died in a mental institution in 2012.|
|John Straffen||United Kingdom||1951 to 1952||3||Killed his third victim after escaping from the mental hospital where he was recluded for the first two murders. Longest-held prisoner in modern British history at the time of his dead in 2007.|
|Graham Young||United Kingdom||1962 to 1971||3||Called the "Teacup Poisoner". Poisoned over 70 people, 3 of wom died.|
|Valery Asratyan|| Soviet Union
|1988 to 1990||3||Raped dozens of women in Moscow, murdering three. Executed.|
|Silvo Plut|| Slovenia
|1990 to 2006||3||After serving 13 years in prison in Slovenia for a rape and murder, Plut murdered a second woman in Serbia in 2004 and fled back to Slovenia, where a Serbian petition of extradition was turned down by the government. Plut was then arrested for attacking a couple (wife died, husband survived) and sentenced to 30 years in prison. Committed suicide in 2007.|
|António Luís Costa||Portugal||2005 to 2006||3||Ex-soldier, suffocated three women (and mutilated the first one) in Santa Comba Dao.|
|Hiroshi Maeue||Japan||2005||3||Called the "Suicide Website Murderer" for finding his victims in an online suicide community. Maeue offered to painlessly kill themselves together by charcoal burning in a car, but once together he strangled them with his bare hands instead, as this excited him sexually. Hanged in 2009.|
|Antonis Daglis||Greece||1992 to 1995||3||"The Athens Ripper". A serial rapist with antecedents for violence, Daglis upgraded to raping, strangling and dismembering three prostitutes with a hacksaw in 1992, and tried to kill six more women. In his trial he claimed to hate all prostitutes. Killed himself in prison in 1997.|
|Billy Gohl||United States||1901 to 1913||2||40-140+||Alleged to have killed from 40 to 140 seamen in Aberdeen, Washington|
|Raman Raghav||India||1966 to 1968||2||23+||Psychopathic serial killer who killed slum dwellers by bludgeoning them when they were asleep. Was charged with 2 murders and sentenced to death, which was later reduced to life in prison.|
|Francisco Guerrero||Mexico||1880 to 1908||2||21||Called El Chalequero ("The Vests Man"). Believed to have raped and murdered 20 women between 1880 and 1888 that were found in the Consulado River after having been beaten, strangled, gutted or decapitated, but convicted of only one and another attempt to 20 years in prison in 1888. Indulted in 1904, he was arrested for raping and killing another woman in 1908 and sentenced to death, but died of natural causes in prison before he could be executed, in 1910.|
|Ed Gein||United States ||1954 to 1957||2||8||Famous for his necrophiliac behaviours, as well as using/storing body parts of his victims to make household furniture, clothing and other miscellaneous household items.|
|José Luis Calva||Mexico||2007||2||8||Killed and cannibalized women. Hanged himself in prison after being convicted to 84 years for two murders.|
|Shirley Winters||United States||1979 to 2007||2||7||Confessed in 2008 to killing 2 children (including her 5-month old son), 27 years apart. Plea agreement for those murders included clause stopping investigation of her role in a fire that killed 2 previous children in 1979. Is also a suspect in a separate fire that killed 3 children of a friend in 1979.|
|Glen Rogers||United States||1995 to 1999||2||5||His capture in Kentucky ended a nationwide manhunt that began with the "Cross-Country Killer's" crime spree that stretched from coast to coast and left four women and one man from five different states dead. Rogers was convicted and sentenced to death by electric chair in Florida in 1997 for the stabbing death of Tina Marie Cribbs. He was later convicted and given a second death penalty in California for the September 1995 murder of Sandra Gallagher. Also known as the "Casanova Killer", Rogers is the lone suspect in the stabbing deaths of two other women (one in Jackson, Mississippi and another in Bossier City, Louisiana), both of whom—like Cribbs and Gallagher—he'd met and befriended in bars. The earliest homicide Rogers is suspected of is that of an elderly Ohio man, Mark Peters, with whom Rogers had lived for a short time. In 1994, Peters' remains were discovered in a Rogers "family cabin" in Kentucky.|
|Mary Elizabeth Wilson||United Kingdom||1955 to 1957||2||4||"The Merry Widow of Windy Nook". Believed to have poisoned her four husbands in a period of only two years. Sentenced to death for two murders but changed to life in prison, where she died in 1963.|
|Gary M. Heidnik||United States||1986 to 1987||2||Kidnapped, tortured, raped and imprisoned six women in his Philadelphia, Pennsylvania basement, killing two.|
|Özgür Dengiz||Turkey||2007||2||Known as "The Cannibal of Ankara" for eating one of his victims; a third victim survived. Interned in a mental institution after his conviction to two life sentences was overturned.|
|Johann Otto Hoch|| United States
United Kingdom (alleged)
|1888 to 1905||1||50+||Swindler who married several women under different aliases, most of whom died after a few months; others disappeared without a trace. Convicted of one murder by poisoning and hanged.|
|Leszek Pękalski||Poland||1984 to 1992||1||17||Called "The Vampire of Bytów". Charged with 17 murders but convicted of only one (to 25 years in prison) for faulty collection of evidence. During the investigation he admitted to killing 80 people but later retracted his confession.|
|Martha Woods||United States||1946 to 1969||1||7||Afflicted with Münchausen syndrome by proxy, Woods was convicted to life in prison for the suffocation of her adopted son Paul (seven months) in 1969. She is believed to have murdered six other infants with the same method in the previous years, including three biological children, a nephew, a niece and a neighbor's son, as all of them suffered several repentine, unexplained respiratory crisis while left alone on her care, but Woods wasn't investigated earlier because her nomadic life as an Army wife made difficult for the medical practitioners that attended her children in different states to share information on their respective cases. Her trial set precedent in infanticide cases by allowing the prior deaths as evidence.|
|John Norman Collins||United States||1969||1||6||Convicted of the murder of Karen Sue Beineman, suspected in the murder of at least five other young women in the vicinity of Ann Arbor and Ypsilanti, Michigan.|
|Velma Barfield||United States||1971 to 1978||1||5-6||Confessed to five poisonings with arsenic but was only tried and convicted for one. First woman to be executed in the United States after the 1976 resumption of capital punishment, receiving lethal injection in 1984.|
|Name||Country||Years active||Proven victims*||Possible victims||Miscellaneous information|
|Javed Iqbal||Pakistan||1996 to 1999||74+||100+||He raped, strangled and put acid in several children. Arrested, he claimed 100 victims. He was found guilty of 100 killings but 26 children were found alive after he hanged himself in prison.|
|Bruno Lüdke||Germany||1928 to 1943||51||86||Mentally disabled, Lüdke was arrested after being discovered with a corpse. Nazi police declared him insane and imprisoned him in a psychiatric hospital, where he was experimented on before being executed in 1944. The case remains controversial, as the only evidence tying him to the crimes was a confession that may have been physically coerced.|
|Fernando Hernández Leyva||Mexico||1982? to 1999||33||100-137||Confessed to 100 murders and six kidnappings at the time of his arrest in 1999 (he had been arrested previously in 1982 and 1986, the second time for murder, but escaped from prison), but later retracted and claimed that he had been beaten by the police and his family threatened in order to force him to confess. Accused of as many as 137 murders in five southern Mexican states, convicted of 33 to 50 years in prison. Tried to kill himself in prison unsuccessfully.|
|Vera Renczi||Romania||1920 to 1930||32||35||Convicted of killing 35 men through arsenic poisoning but confessed to only killing 32 victims.|
|Gerald Stano||United States||1969 to 1980||22+||41||Confessed to killing 41 women in mostly Florida and New Jersey areas. Some controversy surrounds the case as he is believed by some to have been a serial confessor.|
|"Highway of Tears" Killer||Canada||1969 to 2011||18||43||All the victims were young women and were last seen on Highway 16 between Prince George and Prince Rupert. If they were all victims of the same person, it would be one of the most proficient serial killers in Canada and one with the longest careers in the world. Some of the murders have been linked to American criminal Bobby Jack Fowler, although he was in prison at the time others were committed.|
|The Stoneman||India||1985 to 1989||12-25||12 homeless people were murdered in their sleep in Bombay between 1985 and 1987, and 13 in Calcutta in 1989; in all cases, by dropping a large rock over their head (an additional victim escaped, but could not identify the attacker). It is ignored if all were committed by the same person(s) or some were copycat crimes, and no one was ever charged with any of the murders.|
|David Parker Ray||United States||1950 to 1999||12||60||Torture-murderer possibly aided by numerous accomplices, including his girlfriend. Targeted victims in the Truth or Consequences, New Mexico, area, convicted of killing 14 victims and suspected of 60 murders. Known as the "Toybox Killer" for the mobile home he used as a house to rape, torture, and kill women.|
|Henry Lee Lucas||United States||1960 to 1983||11||213||Confessed to killing at least 600 people but later recanted and is suspected of lying about a majority of his murders. He originally offered a list of 77 women from 19 different states, as he confessed to more and more murders, the details became increasingly more bizarre. Some included dismemberment, necrophilia, even cannibalism. Lawmen linked the Lucas and Otis Toole to 81 murders alone. Convicted of 11 murders. Detectives from 40 states came to visit Lucas, and an estimated 3,000 homicides were discussed in what is considered to be one of the greatest mockeries of the U.S. legal system when police officers cleared their books of unsolved murders. The true number of murders committed by Lucas is unknown, but it is likely Lucas was not nearly as prolific a serial killer as he initially claimed to be, as most of his murder confessions were thoroughly discredited, and he himself claimed only one murder—that of his mother. Probably responsible for the deaths of 40 people.|
|Donald Henry Gaskins||United States||1953 to 1982||9||31–80+||Known as "The Meanest Man in America", he was convicted of nine murders in South Carolina taking place between 1969 and 1975. He was suspected of 31 murders. Killed three victims while incarcerated, one by using C-4. Later confessed on death row that he had murdered between 80 and 110 victims. Executed in 1991.|
|Charles Quansah||Ghana||1993 to 2001||8||34||Quansah, who had been in prison for rape twice, was held as a suspect in the deaths of 34 women across the country, including his girlfriend who was strangled in 2000, and eventually confessed to eight murders. He later denied the killings, claiming that the confessions had been extracted under torture, and that the police had also tried unsuccessfully to force him to implicate a number of politicians including former president Jerry Rawlings, his wife Nana Konadu Agyeman and an unidentified member of president John Kufuor's administration.|
|The Beer Man||India||2006 to 2007||7||Purported unidentified serial killer that operated in Mumbai and left a beer bottle next to each body as his signature, hence the nickname. A suspect was charged with three of the murders and convicted of one in 2008, but the sentence was overturned by the High Court in 2009 because the evidence presented was deemed inadmissible.|
|Tommy Lynn Sells||United States||1980 to 1999||6||70?||Drifter active throughout the U.S. who specialized in killing children and multiple victims after breaking into their homes. Caught when a 10-year-old girl survived his attack and provided a description of him. On death row in Texas.|
|Robert Pickton||Canada||1995 to 2001||6||26–49||Found guilty of six counts of second-degree murder. Accused of murdering 20 other women, most of them prostitutes and drug dealers. Comments by Pickton suggest that the total may be 49.|
|Zodiac Killer||United States||1962 to 1977||5||37||Targeted young couples. Remains unsolved but open in the California jurisdictions the 5 certain Zodiac murders occurred. Potentially 37 total victims claimed but unverified.|
|Ottis Toole||United States||1980 to 1983||4||8–125||Convicted of three counts of murder, and confessed to four more murders before dying in prison. A sometime accomplice of convicted serial killer Henry Lee Lucas, Toole admitted to multiple counts of murder, rape, and cannibalism, and was the suspect in several unsolved murders. On December 16, 2008, police announced that they had identified Toole as the likely murderer of Adam Walsh, and would be closing the case as a result.|
|Thomas Quick||Sweden||1976 to 1985||3||30+||Raped and murdered up to 30 men. Several scholars, however, have questioned if he killed anyone. Was convicted for 8 murders but, as of September 2012 he has be freed in 5 of those cases.|
|José Pedro Guedes||Portugal||1992 to 1993||3||3-21+||Confessed and was arrested for the "Lisbon Ripper" murders in 2011, but could not be prosecuted because the Portuguese statute of limitations had already run out. Also suspected of similar murders in Lisbon and Aveiro, Portugal, as well as Germany, Netherlands, Belgium, Denmark, Czech Republic and the 1988 New Bedford Highway Killings in Massachusetts, USA.|
|Joe Ball||United States||1937 to 1938||2||20||Bootlegger and barman known as the "Butcher of Elmendorf", the "Bluebeard of South Texas", and "the Alligator Man" because of the alligator pit he had in the back of his bar and where he entertained clients by throwing live animals to the reptiles. Ball killed for sure two barmaids whose bodies were dug and later discovered at the beach, but he shot himself fatally in the chest when police came to question him and was never arrested or interrogated. Yellow press and pulp magazines later exaggerated his exploits, claiming that he had killed up to 20 women and fed them to the alligators, but this was never proven and caused some of Ball's relatives to sue such publications. Police investigated about a dozen women that had worked at Ball's place and were missing at the time of his suicide; some were found alive in San Antonio, but others couldn't be accounted for.|
|Abdul Latif Sharif||Mexico||1995||1||18-20||Egyptian chemist known as "The Jackal of Ciudad Juárez". After migrating to the United States in the 1970s, Sharif served 14 years in prison for several rapes but fled to Mexico when he was about to be deported to his home country. There, he was accused of up to 20 of the female homicides in Ciudad Juárez but was convicted of only one, to 30 years in prison, where he died of natural causes in 2006. As the high rate of female murders has continued to this day in Ciudad Juárez, it has been claimed that Sharif was used as a scapegoat by the Mexican police.|
|Lowell Amos||United States||1979? to 1994||1||4||Detroit businessman sentenced to life imprisonment in 1996 for the murder of his third wife. Suspected of, but never charged with the deaths of two previous wives and his mother, all of whom died under suspicious circunstances and left life insurance policies to Amos that (at least in one case) Amos himself had bought against the will of the insured.|
|Bevan Spencer von Einem||Australia||1979? to 1983||1||3-10||Arrested for three and convicted of one of "The Family Murders", where four teenagers and one young adult, all male, were drugged, kidnapped, raped and mutilated for weeks before their bodies were abandoned in the country near Adelaide. Police believed that von Einem had several accomplices, none of whom were publically identified or detained, and at the time of his trial it was widely reported that the murders had been committed by a group of 4 to 12 high-profile Australian men; von Einem himself claimed to be the victim of a conspiracy. He has also been considered a suspect in the disappearance of two girls near the Adelaide Oval in 1973 and the high-profile Beaumont children disappearance in 1966.|
|John Bodkin Adams||United Kingdom||1946 to 1956||0||163||Acquitted in a highly unusual trial in 1957 of murder but later found guilty of fraud. Archive evidence shows that he was almost certainly a killer but that his prosecution was botched for political reasons.|
|Marie Besnard||France||1927 to 1949||0||13||Charged with the murders of 13 relatives with arsenic, all of whom had Besnard as their sole designated heir, but acquitted of all charges after three high profile trials that lasted a decade.|
* Proven victims being victims the serial killer was tried for, explained by the killer in a detailed confession, or victims most scholars of the subject agree upon.
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