List of communities in British Columbia

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Communities in the province of British Columbia, Canada can include incorporated municipalities, Indian reserves, unincorporated communities or localities. Unincorporated communities can be further classified as recreational or urban.[1]

Municipalities[edit]

The majority of British Columbia's municipalities are incorporated as cities, district municipalities, towns or villages. Other types of municipality in the province include an Indian government district, an island municipality, two mountain resort municipalities, a regional municipality and a resort municipality.

Cities[edit]

Under current legislation, a community may incorporate as a city if its population is greater than 5,000 and the outcome of a vote involving affected residents was that greater than 50% voted in favour of the proposed incorporation.[2] British Columbia has 49 cities.[1] Greenwood incorporated as a city in 1897[3] prior to the current legislation and retains this status despite its population of 708[4] being less than the current 5,000 threshold. Six other cities also have populations less than 5,000 yet retain their status.

District municipalities[edit]

A community may incorporate as a district municipality if it has area greater than 800 ha (2,000 acres) and has a population density of less than 5 people per hectare, and the outcome of a vote involving affected residents was that greater than 50% voted in favour of the proposed incorporation.[2] British Columbia has 51 district municipalities.[1]

Indian government districts[edit]

British Columbia has one Indian government district,[9] comprising 33 separate pieces of land,[10] all of them formerly Indian reserves.[citation needed]

Island municipalities[edit]

British Columbia has one island municipality.[9]

Mountain resort municipalities[edit]

British Columbia has two mountain resort municipalities.[5][11]

Regional municipalities[edit]

British Columbia has one regional municipality.[5]

Resort municipalities[edit]

British Columbia has one resort municipality.[1]

Towns[edit]

A community may incorporate as a town if its population is greater than 2,500 and the outcome of a vote involving affected residents was that greater than 50% voted in favour of the proposed incorporation.[2] British Columbia has 14 towns.[1] The former Town of Fort Nelson amalgamated with the Northern Rockies Regional District on February 6, 2009 to form the Northern Rockies Regional Municipality.[10][12]

Villages[edit]

A community with a population less than 2,500 may incorporate as a village if the outcome of a vote involving affected residents was that greater than 50% voted in favour of the proposed incorporation.[2] British Columbia has 42 villages.[1]

Indian reserves[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Communities[edit]

A community in British Columbia is an "unincorporated populated place".[17] British Columbia has 889 communities,[1] some of which are located within municipalities or Indian reserves.

Recreational communities[edit]

A recreational community in British Columbia is an "unincorporated place with seasonal or year-round services, accommodation and amenities associated primarily with recreational or leisure activities".[17] British Columbia has 11 communities that are classified as recreational communities.[1]

Urban communities[edit]

An urban community in British Columbia is a "separately named area within the limits of an incorporated municipality".[17] British Columbia has 10 communities that are classified as urban communities.[1]

Localities[edit]

A locality in British Columbia is a "named place or area, with or without a scattered population".[17] British Columbia has 556 localities, not including those that have been abandoned or are classified as former localities.[1]

Abandoned localities[edit]

An abandoned locality in British Columbia is a "previously populated place with no current population; often a modern landmark in a remote location".[17] British Columbia has 18 localities that are considered abandoned.[1]

Former localities[edit]

A former locality in British Columbia is a "once-populated place with no current population or that is usually uninhabited".[17] British Columbia recognizes eight places as former localities.[1]

Company towns[edit]

Company towns were once common in British Columbia. Many were large, but never had municipal government and were largely located on company-owned land. A few such as Granisle, Tumbler Ridge and Wells became municipalities, while others have become ghost towns. Among the largest were Anyox, Bralorne, Ocean Falls, Cassiar, Gold Harbour (Tasu) and Kitsault.

See also[edit]

BC
Canadian Provinces and Territories
Communities in Canada's provinces and territories

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Abbotsford is British Columbia's largest city by area and is its newest city, incorporated on December 12, 1995. It also forms part of the Abbotsford - Mission census metropolitan area (CMA).
  2. ^ Duncan is British Columbia's smallest city by area.
  3. ^ Greenwood is British Columbia's and Canada's smallest city by population.
  4. ^ The Kelowna CMA is formed around the City of Kelowna.
  5. ^ New Westminster was British Columbia's first city, incorporated July 16, 1860.
  6. ^ Vancouver is Canada's eighth-largest city and British Columbia's largest city by population. The Vancouver CMA includes the cities of Burnaby, Coquitlam, Langley, New Westminster, North Vancouver, Pitt Meadows, Port Coquitlam, Port Moody, Richmond, Surrey, Vancouver and White Rock.
  7. ^ Victoria is British Columbia's capital. The Victoria CMA includes the cities of Colwood, Langford and Victoria.
  8. ^ Incorporated in 1981, Tumbler Ridge was developed as a company town by Denison Mines, Teck Corporation and the Japanese Steel Industry in cooperation with the Government of British Columbia.[7]
  9. ^ Wells was originally founded as a company town for the Cariboo Gold Quartz Mine.[8]
  10. ^ Granisle was originally founded as a company town by Granisle Copper Ltd. prior to its incorporation in 1971.[13]

References[edit]

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  14. ^ Aboriginal Canada Information Network: BC Tribal Council Listings
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  51. ^ BC Names entry "Delbrook (community)"
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  72. ^ "Name Details: Guildford". GeoBC. Retrieved April 14, 2013. 
  73. ^ "Name Details: Kinnaird". GeoBC. Retrieved April 13, 2013. 
  74. ^ "Name Details: Matsqui". GeoBC. Retrieved April 14, 2013. 
  75. ^ "Name Details: Nechako". GeoBC. Retrieved April 14, 2013. 
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