List of ships attacked by Somali pirates

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General area off the coast of Somalia where the pirates operate

Piracy off the Somali coast has threatened international shipping since the beginning of Somalia's civil war in the early 1990s.[1] Since 2005, though, pirates have threatened and seized many ships. A list of ships attacked by Somali pirates since that time is catalogued. Since 2005, many international organizations, including the International Maritime Organization and the World Food Programme, have expressed concern over the rise in acts of piracy.[2] Piracy has contributed to a rise in shipping costs and shipping insurance premiums,[3] and impeded the delivery of food aid shipments.

The UN Security Council adopted a resolution on November 20, 2008, proposed by Britain, introducing tougher sanctions against Somalia over the country's failure to prevent a surge in sea piracy.[4] The Somali government is struggling for control of the country against an Islamic insurgency and its navy is currently in development, leaving it almost powerless to stop piracy.

During 2010, 53 ships were hijacked with 8 dead crew. The incidents dropped by more than half from 117 ships hijacked in 2009 due to naval deterrence and ships use of self-protection measures. As a result, Somali pirates are now travelling farther afield.[5]

List of ships captured or attacked off the Somali coast[edit]

For more details see: * ECOTERRA Intl. Somali Marine & Coastal Monitor - SMCM updates at: [1]

2005[edit]

Image Flag (owner) Name (class) Crew (cargo) Status Date of attack Coordinates
Date of release Ransom demanded
 Hong Kong MV Feisty Gas
(LPG carrier)
120
(unknown)
Released
after ransom
2005-04-10 unknown
not known US$315,000
The MV Feisty Gas, a liquefied petroleum gas tanker, was seized by Somali pirates. A Hong Kong-based company that owns the vessel reportedly paid $315,000 to a representative of the Somali pirates in Mombasa, Kenya, according to a recent UN report.[6]
 Kenya MV Semlow
(Freighter)
10
(unknown)
Released 2005-06-27 unknown
2005-10-03 US$50,000
The MV Semlow, carrying UN food supplies for tsunami victims, was seized by pirates en route from Mombasa, Kenya to Bosasso, Somalia. They held the ship for 100 days until a Somali business man convinced them to leave without payment.[7]
 Liberia
( Ukraine)
MV Panagia
(bulk carrier)
22 all ukrainian
(coal)
Released
after ransom
2005-10-18 unknown
2005-11-25 US$700,000
The MV Panagia, a 22b,046 GRT bulk carrier with coal from South Africa to Turkey, was seized by Somali pirates on 90 nautical miles (170 km) off the east coast. A Ukrainian-based company that owns the vessel reportedly paid $700,000 to a representative of the Somali pirates in Mombasa, Kenya.[citation needed]
Seabourn Spirit  Bahamas
( United States)
MV Seabourn Spirit
(cruise ship)
210
(Passengers)
Capture failed 2005-11-05 unknown
Capture failed none
The MV Seabourn Spirit, a luxury cruise liner carrying 210 crew members and passengers, was attacked by pirates off the coast of Somalia.[8] Riding in two small speedboats, the pirates fired at the ship with machine guns and rocket-propelled grenades, but the crew drove them off with a water hose and a long range acoustic device.[9]

2006[edit]

Image Flag (owner) Name (class) Crew (cargo) Status Date of attack Coordinates
Date of release Ransom demanded
MV Safina al-Birsarat  India MV Safina al-Birsarat
(dhow)
16
(coal)
Released 2006-01-16 unknown
2006-01-22 none
Pirates hijacked the India-registered MV Safina al-Birsarat along with its crew of 16 Indians. On January 22, the USS Winston S. Churchill, an Arleigh Burke-class destroyer, intercepted the vessel. After warning shots were fired, the pirates surrendered and all ten onboard were taken into custody. The ten were transported to Mombasa, Kenya where they were sentenced to seven years in prison by a court.[10][11][12]
USS Cape St. George
USS Gonzalez
 United States USS Cape St. George (CG-71)
(Ticonderoga-class cruiser)
USS Gonzalez (DDG-66)
(Arleigh Burke-class destroyer)
unknown
(none)
Attack failed, one pirate killed and twelve captured. 2006-03-18 unknown
N/A none
The USS Cape St. George, a Ticonderoga-class cruiser, and the USS Gonzalez, an Arleigh Burke-class destroyer, engaged pirate vessels after receiving fire from them.

2007[edit]

Image Flag (owner) Name (class) Crew (cargo) Status Date of attack Coordinates
Date of release Ransom demanded
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines MV Rozen
()
12
(UN food aid)
Released 2007-02-25 11°50′0″N 51°35′0″E / 11.83333°N 51.58333°E / 11.83333; 51.58333 (2007-02-25, Ship: MV Rozen, 2007-02-25)
2007-04-05 unknown
Somali pirates with automatic weapons captured the ship, carrying 6 Kenyans and 6 Sri Lankans.[13] On February 27, members of the Somali coast guard attempted to take back the ship but failed, and 2 coast guardsmen were killed.
 Taiwan FV Ching Fong Hwa 168
(fishing vessel)
15
(fish)
Released (one hostage killed) 2007-04-28 unknown
2007-11-05 US$1,500,000
The Taiwanese fishing vessel was hijacked on May 28, 2007. The surviving crew of 10 Chinese, two Taiwanese and two Filipino crew members was released on November 5 after spending more than six months in captivity. One Chinese crew member was killed by the pirates on May 28 because the ship's owners failed to meet their ransom demands.[14]
FV Mavuno No. 1 and FV Mavuno No. 2  Tanzania
( South Korea)
FV Mavuno No. 1
(fishing vessel)
FV Mavuno No. 2
(fishing vessel)
25
(Fishing equipment)
unknown 2007-05-15 1°10′0″N 49°0′0″E / 1.16667°N 49.00000°E / 1.16667; 49.00000 (2007-05-15, Ships: FV Mavuno No. 1, FV Mavuno No. 2, 2007-05-15)
2007-11-00 none
Two Tanzanian registered ships belong to Korea's Daechang Fishing were seized about 210 nautical miles (about 389 km) off the Somali capital of Mogadishu. Their 25 crew members (including 10 Chinese, four South Koreans, three Vietnamese, four Indonesians and four Indians) were released six months later.[15]
 Denmark MV Danica White
(cargo ship)
5
(unknown)
Released
after ransom
2007-06-01 unknown
2007-08-23 US$1,500,000
The Danish-owned cargo ship the MV Danica White was hijacked and maneuvered into Somali waters. On June 3, the USS Carter Hall, a Harpers Ferry-class landing ship dock engaged the pirates, firing machine-gun bursts at the skiffs in tow behind the Danish ship, but failed to stop them.[16] Following 83 days in captivity, the crew of five and the ship were released after the owner, H. Folmer & Co, paid a ransom of 1.5 million United States dollars.[17][18]
 Greece FV Grecko 2
(fishing boat)
4+
(unknown)
unknown 2007-09-20 unknown
not known unknown
FV Greko 2 was hijacked 110 nautical miles (200 km) west of Berbera. Vessel was anchored near Raas Shula, all crew removed from vessel.[19]
MV Golden Nori  Panama
( Japan)
MV Golden Nori
(chemical tanker)
12
(78,884 barrels)
Released
after ransom
2007-10-28 13°5′0″N 50°24′0″E / 13.08333°N 50.40000°E / 13.08333; 50.40000 (2007-10-28, Ship: MV Golden Nori, 2007-10-28)
2007-12-12 US$1,000,000
A Japanese chemical tanker, the MV Golden Nori was hijacked off the coast of Somalia. USS Porter, an Arleigh Burke-class destroyer, sank the skiffs used by the pirates, but they still controlled the tanker. US and German naval vessels shadowed the captured vessel and blockaded the port of Bosaso, where the captured tanker was taken. Eventually, after demanding a ransom, the pirates freed the ship and its crew of 21 on December 12.[20]
MV Al Marjan  Comoros MV Al Marjan
(General cargo ship)

(2,500 tons of general cargo)
Released
after ransom
2007-10-27 unknown
2007-12-02 unknown
The MV Al Marjan, owned by Biyat International, was travelling to Mombasa from Dubai when pirates hijacked it 10-20 Nm from Mogadishu.[21]
MV Dai Hong Dan  North Korea MV Dai Hong Dan
(cargo ship)
unknown
(unknown)
Crew regained
control
2007-10-29 2°11′57″N 45°47′55″E / 2.19917°N 45.79861°E / 2.19917; 45.79861 (2007-10-29, Ship: MV Dai Hong Dan, 2007-10-29)
2007-10-30 none
Pirates attacked the North Korean cargo the MV Dai Hong Dan and captured its bridge, while the crew managed to retain control of the steering and engineering spaces. On October 30, the crew regained control of their ship, killing one pirate and capturing six. Three sailors were injured in the fight, and received medical assistance from US Navy Corpman from the Arleigh Burke-class destroyer, the USS James E. Williams.[22]

2008[edit]

2009[edit]

2010[edit]

2011[edit]

2012[edit]

2013[edit]

2014[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Khan, Sana Aftab. "Tackling Piracy in Somali Waters: Rising attacks impede delivery of humanitarian assistance". UN Chronicle (United Nations Department of Public Information, Outreach Division). 
  2. ^ "Piracy in waters off the coast of Somalia". International Maritime Organization. 
  3. ^ Quinn, Jennifer (2008-11-20). "Piracy threat off Somalia hikes insurance premiums". AP. Retrieved 2008-11-20. 
  4. ^ "Somali pirates release Greek tanker after ransom is paid". The Economic Times. 2008-11-21. Retrieved 2008-11-30. 
  5. ^ UN, industry want more aggressive action against Somali pirates
  6. ^ "Pirates: Somalia needs help". News 24 (South Africa). 2005-10-22. Retrieved 2008-11-30. 
  7. ^ "Pirates hijack tsunami aid ship". BBC News. 30 June 2005. Retrieved 8 February 2011. 
  8. ^ Cherry, Matt; Moyer, Amanda (2005-11-06). "Cruise liner outruns armed pirate boats". CNN. Retrieved 2008-04-22. 
  9. ^ "'I beat pirates with a hose and sonic cannon'". BBC News. 2007-04-14. Retrieved 2008-04-22. 
  10. ^ "Suspected Pirates Captured Off Somali Coast". United States Navy. 2007-01-22. Retrieved 2008-04-26. 
  11. ^ "U.S. Steps Up War Against Somali Pirates". The Somali Times. 2006-02-11. Retrieved 2008-04-26. 
  12. ^ "Jail sentence for Somali pirates". BBC News. 2006-11-01. Retrieved 2008-04-26. 
  13. ^ Mwangura, Andrew (2007-03-24). "MV Rozen". ECOP-marine. Retrieved 2008-12-26. 
  14. ^ Miriri, Duncan (2007-11-14). "TSomali pirates killed Chinese sailor-official". Reuters. Retrieved 2009-04-12. 
  15. ^ "Crew of hijacked South Korean ships safe: official". People's Daily Online. 2007-05-17. Retrieved 2008-11-30. 
  16. ^ Starr, Barbara (2007-06-06). "U.S. warship can't stop pirates off Somalia". CNN. Retrieved 2008-04-22. 
  17. ^ "Reports on piracy: Danica White". Danish Maritime Authority. 2007-11-16. Retrieved 2008-04-22. 
  18. ^ Osler, David (2007-02-04). "Svitzer tug hijacked off Somali coast". LLoyd's List. Archived from the original on 2008-02-07. Retrieved 2008-04-22. 
  19. ^ "REPORTS ON ACTS OF PIRACY AND ARMED ROBBERY AGAINST SHIPS - Acts reported during September 2007". International Maritime Organisation. Retrieved 2008-12-04. 
  20. ^ "Somali pirates leave Japan-owned ship, crew safe". Reuters. 2007-12-12. Retrieved 2008-04-22. 
  21. ^ "Somali pirates hijack Japanese ship". Xinhua. 2007-10-29. Retrieved 2008-12-27. 
  22. ^ "Crew of North Korean Pirated Vessel Safe". U.S. Naval Forces Central Command. 2007-10-30. Archived from the original on 2008-03-12. Retrieved 2008-04-22. 

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