List of ships attacked by Somali pirates in 2009

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General area off the coast of Somalia where the pirates operate

Piracy off the Somali coast has threatened international shipping since the beginning of Somalia's civil war in the early 1990s. This list documents those ships attacked in 2009.

January[edit]

Image Flag (owner) Name (class) Crew (cargo) Status Date of attack Coordinates
Date of release Ransom demanded
 Panama S Venus
(cargo ship)

(Grain[1])
Capture failed 2009-01-01 13°5′0″N 47°3′0″E / 13.08333°N 47.05000°E / 13.08333; 47.05000 (2009-01-01, unknown)
Capture failed
About 50 miles off the coast of Yemen, the cargo ship S Venus was moving through the Gulf of Aden when a small boat with several pirates started to pursue it. The ship sent a distress call to a nearby French Frigate, the Premier-Maître L'Her[2] that was part of an international task group sent to Somalia to help stop and deter piracy. The approaching frigate scared off the pirates, but several hours later they tried again to approach the ship. That time, the French frigate captured and boarded the boat. French forces then arrested eight men. They also found a rocket launcher, assault rifles and several boarding ladders on the pirates' vessel. According to a French spokesperson, the eight men captured would be taken to Somalia for their trial.[3]
 Saint Kitts and Nevis
( Egypt)
MV Blue Star
(cargo ship)
28
(6,000 tons of Fertilizer)
Released after ransom 2009-01-01 13°55′0″N 47°58′0″E / 13.91667°N 47.96667°E / 13.91667; 47.96667 (2009-01-01, Blue Star, 2009-01-01)
2009-03-05 US$1,000,000
Somali pirates hijacked the Egyptian cargo ship Blue Star and its 28 crewmembers right after the ship exited the Red Sea and went into the Gulf of Aden. According to the Associated Press, there were fifteen armed pirates on board and the cargo is 6,000 tons of fertilizer.[4] According to Egyptian Deputy Foreign minister, Ahmed Rizq, company contacts were trying to negotiate a ransom.[5] The ship was released with all of its crew on March 5 after a one million dollar ransom was rumored to have been paid.[6] Afterwards the ship was en route to Kenya for refueling and then return to the Egyptian port of Alexandria.[7]
 India MV Abul Kalam Azad
(Tanker)
30
(unknown)
Capture failed 2009-01-02 13°42′0″N 50°39′0″E / 13.70000°N 50.65000°E / 13.70000; 50.65000 (2009-01-02, MT Abul Kalam Azad, 2009-01-01)
Capture failed
An Indian tanker, the MT Abul Kalam Azad, managed to repel two pirate skiffs with the help of the 2 helicopters dispatched from the Malaysian warship Sri Indera Sakti and an unnamed Saudi Arabian warship. It was then given a frigate escort.[8]
 Greece MV Kriti Episkopi
(cargo ship)
29
(Oil)
Capture failed 2009-01-02 13°11′0″N 47°32′32″E / 13.18333°N 47.54222°E / 13.18333; 47.54222 (2009-01-02, unknown)
Capture failed
The captain of the Kriti Episkopi saw the pirates and took evasive action. When this did not work, he hailed a nearby EU ship. Pirates in 3 speedboats approached the Kriti Episkopi twice with machine guns and RPG's and tried to board. However, the pirates were driven away the crew, who aimed high pressure fire hoses and sprayed them. While the crew was fighting off the pirates, EU aircraft took off from the nearby Taskforce 150 and arrived to help. The air support remained by the cargo ship and scared off the pirates while a frigate came to escort the ship.[9]
 Panama
( Kenya)
MV Sea Princess II
(freighter)
8
(unknown)
Released 2009-01-02 unknown
2009-04-26 unknown
An oil tanker, registered in Panama, was hijacked on the 2 or 3 of January. The ship had a crew of 8 Indian sailors.[10] On the 26 of April 2009, Ecoterra International announced that the ship had been released.[11]
 Netherlands Antilles MV Samanyolu
()

()
2009-01-02 unknown
'
The Dutch Antilles-flagged ship Samanyolu was attacked by pirates but fired a flare at them, setting the pirate boat on fire. The Danish HDMS Absalon intervened and arrested 5 pirates. They were to be tried in Rotterdam.[12][13][14]
 Kenya FV Victoria IV
(fishing vessel)
7
(unknown)
3 Crew Members Kidnapped 2009-01-07 unknown
3 Crew Members Kidnapped unknown
A small fishing vessel was attacked off the Somali coast, with a crew of 4 Kenyans and 3 Indian sailors.[10] The pirates attacked the vessel which was anchored at the Kenyan harbor of Kiunga, 18km from the Somali border. Three people of Somali origin came in a fast skiff during the night and boarded the ship, kidnapping the three Indian crew members and mysteriously leaving the Kenyan crew unharmed.[15] The pirates also left the ship unharmed and did not remove it from its anchorage. The ship belongs to a Kenyan company known as the Southern Engineering Company, which is part of the Alpha Group, known to be fishing illegally in Somali waters. It is possible that the kidnapping was a revenge attack targeting the company and its fishermen, also possibly involving the Kenyan sailors who may have been working with the kidnappers.
 Liberia
( Netherlands)

(freighter)

()
2009-1-14 unknown
Rescued in the Gulf of Aden by a Russian warship. Two motor boats attacked the Dutch ship, but were chased off by the Russians after firing two rocket propelled grenades at it and the Russians.[16]
 Bahamas
( Germany)
MV Longchamp
(tanker)
13
(liquefied petroleum gas)
Released after ransom 2009-01-29 unknown
2009-03-28 Not yet demanded
The oil tanker MV Longchamp and its crew of 12 Filipinos and one Indonesian was captured when the ship was at a distance from patrolling ships. The crew is believed to be safe, even though a gunshot was heard over the ship's radio.[17]

February[edit]

Image Flag (owner) Name (class) Crew (cargo) Status Date of attack Coordinates
Date of release Ransom demanded
 Malta
( Greece)
MV Saldanha
(cargo ship)
22 Filipinoes
(Coal)
Released[18] 2009-02-22 unknown
2009-04-25 unknown
A Russian owned (chartered from a Greek firm) cargo ship, with a crew of 22, was hijacked while sailing to Slovenia loaded with a cargo of coal.[19][20][21] The previous day the ship issued a distress call to the HMS Northumberland. Helicopters from HMS Northumberland and the USS Vella Gulf (CG-72) were despatched with the US Navy declaring no threat. After the ship was captured, the Royal Navy seized a skiff believed to have been used in the attack. RPG munitions were offloaded into the sea along with cans of petrol and the skiff destroyed.[22]

March[edit]

Image Flag (owner) Name (class) Crew (cargo) Status Date of attack Coordinates
Date of release Ransom demanded
 Vietnam MV Diamond Falcon
(cargo ship)
unknown
(unknown)
Capture failed 2009-03-16 unknown
Capture failed
The 22,500-ton Vietnamese cargo ship MV Diamond Falcon was attacked by pirates who used two small boats, in the area about 57 miles from the Yemenite port of Al Mukalla. This was the first time the Turkish frigate TCG Giresun joined the anti-piracy forces. The destroyer joined international naval forces at the Gulf of Aden two weeks previous. Giresun and the Danish warship HDMS Absalon immediately responded after receiving the emergency from the Vietnamese cargo ship. Helicopters from the Turkish and Danish warships prevented the pirates from taking over the Vietnamese ship.[23][24]
 Iran FV Safari
(fishing vessel)
14
(unknown)
Captured 2009-03-16 unknown
Captured
An Iranian factory fishing ship was captured by pirates off the coast of Puntland in an apparent vigilante action. These pirates seem to be local villagers from the area that captured the ship without the authority of the Puntland government. The reasons for the capture seem to be based on illegal fishing activities and the destruction of local fishermen's nets and equipment.[25]
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
( Greece)
MV Titan
(cargo ship)
24
(Steel)
Released 2009-03-19 unknown
2009-04-16[26] unknown
A cargo ship belonging to the Greek "Albamare City" shipping company was seized in the Gulf of Aden as it was transporting steel from the Black Sea to South Korea, along with its crew of 24.[27] Three of the crew members are Greek, including the captain. The remaining crew consist of 1 Ukrainian, 3 Romanians, and 17 Filipinos.[28]
 Turkey MV Ulusoy 8
(cargo ship)
unknown
(unknown)
Capture failed 2009-03-19 unknown
Capture failed
On March 19 an attack occurred on a Turkish cargo vessel in the Gulf of Aden.[29] The Ulusoy 8 reported that it was under attack by two fast moving skiffs. The Turkish General Staff stated that the frigate TCG Giresun rebuffed the pirates and prevented the attack by sending a helicopter to intercept them.[30]
 India MV Al Rafiquei
(cargo ship)
16
(Rice, Refined oil, Wheat, and General cargo)
Released 2009-03-21 unknown
2009-03-21 none
Around 05:00 (UTC) on March 21 pirates captured a cargo vessel with a 16 man Indian crew. The pirates beat the crew, stole their mobile phones, and removed 5 barrels (0.79 m3) of petrol and 20 barrels (3.2 m3) of diesel. The ship was on its way from Dubai, UAE to Mogadishu, Somalia when it was intercepted by the pirates. Eventually they released the ship at 13:00 (UTC) on the same day.[31]
 Philippines
( Japan)
MV Jasmine Ace
(cargo ship)
18
(Automobiles)
Capture failed 2009-03-22 unknown
Capture failed
Pirates attacked a Japanese cargo ship in the Gulf of Aden that was able to escape by zigzagging away from the pirates. The pirates were in two small vessels and fired off automatic weapons and rocket propelled grenades before escaping. The 18 man Filipino crew were unharmed in the attack. The ship was heading to the Kenyan port of Mombasa when the attack occurred.[32]
 Panama
( Greece)
MV Nipayia
(Tanker)
19
(Chemicals)
Released 2009-03-25 unknown
2009-05-09 Not yet demanded.
On the afternoon of March 25, pirates attacked the Greek tanker Nipayia approximately 450 miles (720 Km) off the coast of Somalia. The crew consisted of 18 Filipinos, a Russian Captain and is managed by Athens-based Lotus Shipping.[33]
 Seychelles MV Serenity
(yacht)
2
(private vessel)
Missing, presumed captured 2009-03-25 unknown
2009-06-21
On this date, the Seychelles state broadcaster reported the yacht had vanished after departing for Madagascar on February 28, and is presumed to have been captured on an unknown date.[34] The crew was released on the 21st of June 2009 and the boat was torched and sunk of the Somali coast due the full ransom of 1 million US$ not being paid, the ransom paid was US$ 450,000.[35]
 [[|]] MV Explorer III MV Ocean Explorer
(cargo ship)
unknown
(unknown)
Capture failed 2009-03-25 unknown
The two ships were traveling together when two small boats began chasing. The ships sped up and outran them.[34]
 [[|]] MV FD Gennaro Aurilia
(cargo ship)
unknown
(unknown)
Capture failed 2009-03-25 unknown
The ship noticed a suspicious fishing boat and radioed nearby naval vessels while increasing speed. The other boat switched off its light and left the area.[34]
 Bahamas
( Norway)
MV Bow Asir
(Tanker)
23
(Unknown)
Released 2009-03-26 unknown
2009-04-10 Unspecified
On the morning of 26 March 2009, a group of 16-18 pirates attacked the Norwegian tanker Bow Asir approximately 250 miles (400 Km) off the coast of Somalia. The crew reportedly had a crew of 27 with a Russian captain, however the U.S. Navy's 5th fleet reports that the total crew is 23. Her owners, Salhus Shipping AS received a security alert message from the Bow Asir at 0729(UTC) saying the ship was being chased by two small boats with suspected pirates on board. At 7.45am her captain reported that pirates had boarded the vessel. Approximately 3 hours later Salhus Shipping reported receiving an email from the vessel confirming that 16 to 18 pirates armed with machine guns had gained control of the ship.[33] According to Norwegian press, the Bow Asir was released in exchange for an unspecified ransom on 10 April 2009.[36]
FGS Spessart (A1442)  Germany FGS Spessart
(Replenishment Tanker)
52
(Fuel)
Capture failed, pirates detained 2009-03-30 unknown
Capture failed
Early in the morning of 30 March 2009, a group of Somali pirates approached the German naval replenishment tanker FGS Spessart, opened fire upon it and attempted to board the vessel. The attack was averted by the on-board security detachment, who opened fire on the pirates. A chase then ensued, ending with the pirates being stopped and detained by the German frigate FGS Rheinland-Pfalz.[37]

April[edit]

Image Flag (owner) Name (class) Crew (cargo) Status Date of attack Coordinates
Date of release Ransom demanded
 Germany MV Hansa Stavanger
(cargo ship)
25
(Containers)
Released after ransom paid 2009-04-04 unknown
Released after ransom paid two million dollars
The German-owned MV Hansa Stavanger was captured by pirates on 4 April 2009.[38]

Around May 1, 2009, the USS Boxer assisted around 200 members of the German special operations unit GSG-9 get close to the hijacked German container ship Hansa Stavanger. During the last phase of the operation, the U.S. president's security advisor James Jones withheld final approval for the operation out of concern for the safety of the 25 sailors aboard the vessel. This led the German department of defense to abort the planned attack on the freighter for now and the GSG-9 unit returned to their base of operations at the airport of Mombassa, Kenya. spiegel.de
Among the captured sailors held hostage were eleven Tuvaluans and one Fijian. A ransom of US$15 million was demanded. The government of Tuvalu indicated that it was incapable of paying, and expressed concern for its citizens.[39][40] In August 2009, the ship was released after a ransom of two million dollars, according to the pirates on the ship, was paid.

 Israel MV Africa Star
(cargo ship)
25
(Containers)
Capture failed 2009-04-04 unknown
Capture failed
The Israeli-owned MV Africa Star was attacked by nine pirates on 4 April 2009. They were unable to board the ship because the crew of the ship had hung coils of barbed wire around the hull. They abandoned the attempt to hijack the ship after a British patrol aircraft was sent to the area.[41] A second attempt took place later that week, when two pirate boats approached the ship and opened fire, but were driven off when Israeli security guards on board returned fire.[42]
PacificOpal9.JPG  Singapore MV Pacific Opal
(chemical tanker)
unknown
(unknown)
Capture failed 2009-04-04 unknown
Capture failed
The Canadian frigate HMCS Winnipeg was escorting another vessel when it received a distress from the Pacific Opal, an Indian vessel. Three skiffs were approaching it. HMCS Winnipeg sent a Sea King helicopter to investigate, and the three skiffs retreated.[43]
 France Tanit
(Yacht)
5
()
Rescued 2009-04-04 unknown
2009-04-10
The French yacht was captured by pirates on 4 April 2009,[38] taking hostage a couple, their 3-year-old child, and two friends of the family who joined them in Aden. They were supposed to join Mayotte, and left Vannes on 26 July. The French forces stormed the yacht on 10 April while the pirates refused French offers to free the hostages. One hostage, Florent Lemaçon, 28, was killed, and the four other freed, including the child. Two pirates were killed and three others captured.[44]
 Yemen
(Tug)

()
Captured 2009-04-05 unknown
Captured
A Yemeni tug was captured by pirates on 5 April 2009.[38]
 Panama
( United Kingdom)
MV Malaspina Castle
(cargo ship)
24
(Iron ore)
Released 2009-04-06 unknown
2009-05-09
The British-owned, Panamanian flagged MV Malaspina Castle was boarded by pirates in the Gulf of Aden and captured on 6 April 2009.[38]
 Taiwan Win Far 161
(Fishing vessel)
30
(Tuna)
Released 2009-04-06 unknown
2010-02-11
Taiwanese fishing vessel Win Far 161[45] was captured by pirates on 6 April 2009.[38] The ship was released on 11 February 2010 after a ransom was paid. Three of the 30 crew had died during their time held hostage.[46] It was used as the mothership for the Maersk Alabama hijacking.
 United States
( Denmark)
MV Maersk Alabama
(cargo ship)
21
(UN food aid)
Crew regained control 2009-04-08 unknown
2009-04-08

The Danish-owned Maersk Alabama was captured by pirates on 8 April 2009 some 400 miles (640 km) east of Mogadishu. The 21 American crew were taken hostage,[47] but were later able to retake the ship.[48]

On 12 April 2009, a team of United States Navy SEALs snipers killed the three pirates holding Captain Richard Phillips hostage aboard a lifeboat from the MV Maersk Alabama, rescuing the captain; one pirate was captured alive that was already on board the USS Bainbridge (DDG-96) according to US Navy Vice Admiral William E. Gortney.[49][50] The USS Boxer was also participating in the operation.

 [[|]] unknown
(unknown)

('unknown')
Capture failed 2009-04-10 unknown
capture failed
The Canadian Frigate HMCS Winnipeg intervened to rescue a civilian ship under fire by a pirate skiff. A boarding team was sent to conduct a weapons inspection, but the would-be pirates "threw items overboard". A Spanish ship also participated in the rescue.[51]
 Italy MV Buccaneer
(tugboat)
16
(empty barges)
Released 2009-04-11 unknown
2009-08-09
The Italian-owned MV Buccaneer commercial tugboat with 16 crew members, 10 of which are Italians, was captured by pirates on April 11.[52][53]
 Panama unknown
(unknown)

(unknown)
Capture failed 2009-04-11 unknown
Capture failed
A Panamanian cargo ship was attacked by Somali pirates. The attack was repulsed by water hoses. A rocket propelled grenade failed to explode when it landed in the captain's cabin.[53]
 Malta
( Greece)
MV Panamax Anna
(cargo vessel)

(unknown)
Capture failed 2009-04-13 unknown
Capture failed
The 64,000-tonne Maltese-flagged Panamax Anna was attacked by six pirates in a boat, 177 kilometres north of Bosasso, Puntland, but managed to escape. The ship has the same owner as the MV Irene, captured the following day.[54]
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
( Greece)
MV Irene
(Cargo ship)
22
(unknown)
released after ransom paid 2009-04-14 unknown
2009-09-14 $2 million
Pirates captured the Greek freighter MV Irene.[55] The HMCS Winnipeg tried to intervene but was too far to reach the freighter in time.[56] Exactly five months later, the ship was released following payment of a $2 million ransom.[57]
 Egypt Mumtaz 1 and Samara Ahmed
(Fishing vessels)
33
(unknown)
Released 2009-04-14 unknown
2009-08-13

Pirates captured two Egyptian fishing boats in April.[55] In August, the captive fishermen overpowered their captors, killing and wounding several and capturing others. The unharmed crew then sailed the ship to Yemen.

 Togo
( Lebanon)
MV Sea Horse
(Cargo ship)
unknown
(unknown)
released 2009-04-14 unknown
2009-04-20 $100 000 'ransom'
Pirates captured the Lebanese freighter MV Sea Horse.[55] According to a Somali elder, once the pirates learned that the ship was going to India to pick up food aid to bring back to Somalia, they freed the vessel.[58]
 United States MV Liberty Sun
(Cargo ship)
20
(US food aid)
Capture failed 2009-04-14 unknown
Capture failed
The pirates attacked the ship, but failed to get aboard.[59] The ship sustained damage to the bulkhead and was escorted to Mombasa, Kenya by the USS Bainbridge.[60]
 Liberia MV Safmarine Asia
(Cargo ship)
unknown
(unknown)
Capture failed 2009-04-15 unknown
Capture failed
Pirates tried to capture the Liberian-registered Safmarine Asia. The French frigate Nivose intervened and thwarted the attack with its helicopter. The Nivose tracked the pirates overnight and at dawn apprehended 11 pirates and intercepted a "pirate mother ship", which turned out to be a 10-meter-long boat with fuel supply.[61][62]
 Denmark MV Puma
(Cargo ship)
12
(generator)
Capture failed 2009-04-16 unknown
Capture failed
The South Korean Destroyer Munmu the Great responded to a distress call from the MV Puma, who was being chased by a boat with five pirates, about 110 kilometres off the coast of Yemen. The Danish ship zig-zaged to avoid the pirates and launched a flare at them to delay them. The Korean ship sent its Lynx helicopter and the pirates turned back when it threatened to fire. The Puma was traveling from Singapore to Germany.[63][64]
 Denmark MT Handytankers Magic
(tanker)

(petroleum)
Capture failed 2009-04-18 unknown
Capture failed
The Dutch frigate De Zeven Provincien repulsed an attack by seven pirates on the petroleum tanker MT Handytankers Magic. The frigate tracked the pirates back to a "mother ship", which turned out to be a kidnapped Yemeni dhow and freed 20 captive fishermen. The seven pirates were captured without a fight, but released as the Dutch did not have the legal authority to detain them.[65][66] This release came under serious criticism, and the Dutch Navy admitted it has made a mistake, and that procedures could be changed.[67]
 Belgium Pompei
(rock dumper)
10
()
Released after ransom 2009-04-18 unknown
2009-06-27 EUR 2.8 million
The Belgian rock dumper Pompei was captured by pirates (allegedly under the orders of piracy kingpin Mohamed Abdi Hassan) 600 km off the Somali coast en route to the Seychelles. A pirate source claimed she was being taken to the port of Harardhere The ship and her crew were released after 71 days on June 28, 2009.[68][69][70]
 Norway MV Front Ardenne
(Tanker)
unknown
(unknown)
Capture failed 2009-04-18 unknown
Capture failed
An attack on the 80 000-ton Norwegian tanker MV Front Ardenne failed after the UK auxiliary ship RFA Wave Knight intervened. The Canadian frigate HMCS Winnipeg and the American frigate USS Halyburton gave pursuit, as the pirate skiff fled toward the Somalia port of Bosaso. The Winnipeg shut its lights and was able to outmaneuver the pirates. Several warning shots were fired, the pirates stopped, were boarded and disarmed. Even though a rocket-propelled grenade was found on board, the pirates were let go as the Canadians did not have legal authority to detain them.[71][72][73]
 Malta MV Atlantica
(cargo)
unknown
(unknown)
Capture failed 2009-04-20 unknown
Capture failed
Two pirate boats pursued the MV Atlantica 50 km off the coast of Yemen. The vessel engaged in evasive manoeuvres and escaped unharmed.[58]
 Panama
( China)
MV New Legend Honor
(cargo)
unknown
(unknown)
Capture failed 2009-04-20 unknown
Capture failed
Pirates fired upon the MV New Legend of Honor. The Canadian frigate HMCS Winnipeg and the British frigate HMS Portland stopped the attack with the help of their helicopters. The pirates escaped.[58]
MSC Melody  Panama
( Italy)
MSC Melody
(cruise ship)
490
(1000 passengers)
Capture failed 2009-04-25 unknown
Capture failed
Pirates fired at the cruise ship MSC Melody with an automatic rifle and attempted to board at around 11:35 PM local time. After all passengers were escorted to their cabins, the ship's crew, which included a small Israeli security detail, attempted to fend off the pirates using a fire hose and, after that failed, by pistols. The pistol fire was successful in forcing off the pirates, although they continued to fire at the ship for ten minutes before leaving the area. The ship was approximately 325 km north of the Seychelles when attacked. The Spanish auxiliary military vessel Marques de la Ensenada escorted the MSC Melody through the Gulf of Aden.[74][75]
 Turkey Ariva 3
(cruise ship)
6
()
Capture failed 2009-04-26 unknown
Capture failed
Pirates fired upon the cruise vessel Ariva 3 near the Yemeni island of Jabal Zuqar, but broke off the attack after 15 minutes for unknown reasons. The ship had no passengers and was on its way to Aden to fix an engine.[76]
 Yemen Qana
(Tanker)
unknown
(empty)
rescued 2009-04-26 unknown
rescued Pirates fined and sentenced to death
The empty oil tanker MV Qana was heading to Aden when it was captured by pirates. Special forces from Yemen stormed the ship using helicopters and recaptured it. Seven pirates were captured and 3 were killed. Four more were captured the following day. During the firefight, five Indian crew members were injured. The ship was 10 nautical miles from the Yemeni coast when it was captured.[11]

May[edit]

Image Flag (owner) Name (class) Crew (cargo) Status Date of attack Coordinates
Date of release Ransom demanded
 Panama MV Almezaan
(Cargo ship)
18
(wheat and used vehicles)
Released as a Somali trader 2009-05-01 unknown
2009-05-09 none
Said to be carrying wheat and vehicles to Mogadishu, the vessel was released without a ransom being paid.[77]
 Malta
( Greece)
MV Ariana
(Cargo ship)
24
(Soya)
Released after ransom 2009-05-03 unknown
2009-12-10 $3 million
Somali pirates captured the Ariana on May 2 with its 24 Ukrainian crew in the Indian Ocean en route from Brazil to the Middle East.[78] In November, with the release of Spanish ship Alakrana, that was in contact during captivity with the Ariana to give fuel, was known that within this vessel are kidnapped two women and a girl of 12 years old. One of the abducted women, Larisa Salinska, 39 years old ship's cook, was raped by pirates. Then she had a miscarriage (it is unknown if she became pregnant as a result of the rape or not) with a large hemorrhage, heavy infection, and serious health problems. The Alakrana’s skipper tried to convey to the Ariana medicines to help Salinska, but Adan Jama, one of the pirates who had hijacked the Spanish ship, threw overboard those medicines.[79] Also, according to the testimony from the driver's Alakrana, on board were two women, one of whom had given birth during the hijacking of the ship, having the baby about four months; also said the girl who was twelve years old was raped by a pirate.[80] The ship was released on 10 December 2009 after a ransom of almost $3,000,000 was paid.[81]
Frigate Nivôse  France Nivôse
(Floréal class frigate)
86
(none)
Attack repelled 2009-05-03 unknown
Attack repelled None
On 3 May 2009, 900 km off Somalia, the crew managed to lure pirates to attack the ship: mistaken for a merchant ship, Nivôse sailed into the sun to avoid being identified; as the pirates closed in, she turned about, launching her on-boarded helicopter and fast outboard vessels. 11 pirates were captured.[82][83][84]
 Netherlands Antilles
( Netherlands)
MV "Marathon"
(merchant vessel)
Oekraïne
(cokes)
hijacked. released 2009-05-07 unknown
2009-06-23 unknown
captured with 2000 tons of cokes between Jemen and Puntland, with 8 oekranian crew.
 Panama
( United Arab Emirates)
MV Dubai Princess
(merchant vessel)
Unknown.
(Unknown.)
Capture failed. Rescue successful. 2009-05-17 unknown
Capture failed. Rescue successful. None
On 17 May, the Royal Australian Navy frigates HMAS Sydney and HMAS Ballarat responded to a distress call from the MV Dubai Princess, who reported that they were under attack from RPG-armed pirates attempting to board their vessel. Another vessel, MV MSC Stella, was also being harassed. The pirates fled the area after the two frigates and a Sea Hawk helicopter from Sydney appeared. The action occurred in international waters about 170 kilometres (92 nmi) south of Yemen. Sydney and Ballarat were on a six month international deployment and were passing through the Gulf of Aden at the time of the incident.[85][86][87][88]

June–September[edit]

Image Flag (owner) Name (class) Crew (cargo) Status Date of attack Coordinates
Date of release Ransom demanded
 Antigua and Barbuda
( Germany)
MV Charelle
(Cargo ship)
9
()
Released
after ransom
2009-06-12 unknown
2009-12-03
On June 12, the German-registered Charelle was hijacked 60 nautical miles off Sur, Oman.[89] At the time this was the farthest Somali pirates had ventured from the coast of Somalia.[90] The Charelle was released on December 3, 2009, after a ransom was paid.[91]
 Turkey MV Horizon-1
(Cargo ship)
23
(Dry sulfur)
Released
after ransom
2009-07-08 13°14′00″N 50°40′00″E / 13.23333°N 50.66667°E / 13.23333; 50.66667 (2009-07-08,)
2009-10-05 US$2,750,000
On 8 July, the Turkish-owned cargo ship MV Horizon-1 carrying dry sulfur from Saudi Arabia to Jordan was hijacked at 08:29 EEST (05:29 UTC) by five armed Somali pirates in the Gulf of Aden. The ship was brought first to the Somali port Hordio along with her 23-member crew including a female third officer.[92][93] On July 10, the Horizon-1 left Hordio and sailed to the so-called pirate haven of Eyl in 60 nmi (110 km; 69 mi) distance southwards, cruising at low speed for unknown reason.[94] The vessel was harassed on March 19 as she was on its way from Ukraine to China witnessing the hijacking of the Greek vessel MV Titan. The attack had failed due to appearance of naval forces at the site.[95][96] On October 5, 2009, the vessel was released with its crew against a ransom of US$2,750,000 paid by a British mediator.[97]
 Somalia MV Barwaqo
(Cargo ship)

(Merchandise)
Rescued 2009-09-24 unknown
2009-09-24
Pirates attacked the vessel near Mogadishu harbor. During the hijacking attempt, the Syrian captain was killed and several crewmen wounded. Somali police and African Union peacekeepers rescued the ship.[98]

October[edit]

Image Flag (owner) Name (class) Crew (cargo) Status Date of attack Coordinates
Date of release Ransom demanded
 Spain FV Alakrana
(Fishing seiner)
36
(none)
Released after ransom 2009-10-02 1°32′00″S 054°52′00″E / 1.53333°S 54.86667°E / -1.53333; 54.86667 (2009-10-02, Ship: FV Alakrana)
2009-11-17 Euro2,300,000
At the moment of the attack, the vessel was out of the area protected by Operation Atalanta. Two pirates were seized and brought to Spain. Pirates demanded both a four million Euro ransom and for the two pirates to be released. On November 7th thousands gathered in Bermeo (from where most of the crew came) asking for the release of the pirates. The crew was freed without the pirates being released. The two pirates where judged in Spain in a very controversial process as it was difficult to ascertain whether one of the pirates was a minor or not. The incident made the Spanish Government change its law to allow security guards to carry guns up to 12,70mm in vessels with Spanish flag. Spanish journals published pirates' families were given $50.000.[99][100][101][102]
BCR Somme (A631)  France Somme
(Durance class tanker)
169
(Fuel)
Attack repelled 2009-10-07 unknown
Attack repelled None
On October 7, 2009, the Somme, an 18,000-tonne Durance-class command vessel, fuel tanker, and flagship of the French Navy, was mistaken for a cargo vessel and attacked at night in the Indian Ocean by lightly armed Somali Pirates from two armed skiffs. The pirates opened fire on the ship with small arms and launchers. The ship returned fire and headed towards the pirates. The pirates attempted to flee after realizing that the ship was a military vessel. The Somme intercepted one of the boats and gave chase. After an hour long chase, the pirates surrendered and were detained aboard the ship. Other warships arrived and began searching for the escaped skiff. The Somme had been operating 310 miles off the coast of Somalia, on its way to refuel frigates patrolling shipping lanes.[103]
 Singapore MV Kota Wajar
(Container)
21
(Unknown)
Released after ransom 2009-10-15 unknown
2009-12-28 $4 million
Captured 300 nautical miles (560 km) north of the Seychelles. Heading to Mombasa, Kenya.[104] The ship was released on 28 December, with China claiming to have rescued the crew. A Canadian warship provided logistical and medical assistance to the ship.[105]
 China De Xin Hai
(Bulk Carrier)
25
(Coal)
Released after ransom 2009-10-19 unknown
2009-12-28 $4 million
On October 19, 2009, the Chinese bulk carrier, owned by COSCO Qingdaq, was captured 700 miles east of the Somali coastline in the Indian Ocean. Two skiffs were utilized in the capture. This was the farthest afield that the Somali pirates had ever struck, and the attack occurred with three Chinese naval vessels in the Red Sea and Indian Ocean.[106][107][108]
 Panama
( India)
MV Al-Khaliq
(Bulk Carrier)
26
(Wheat [35,000 metric tonne])
Released after ransom paid 2009-10-22 unknown
2010-02-09 $3.1 million
On October 22, 2009, this ship was hijacked as it traveled from Novorossiysk, Russia to Mombasa, Kenya. It was captured about 330km off the Seychelles. At least six pirates and two skiffs were involved in the apprehension.[109][110][111]
 United Kingdom Lynn Rival
(Yacht)
2
(None)
Released 2009-10-23 unknown
2010-11-13 US$750,000
The yacht Lynn Rival was on a voyage from the Seychelles to Tanzania when she was attacked by Somali pirates. A distress call was sent.[112] The yacht was found on 29 October following a multi-agency search but the two crew, Paul and Rachel Chandler, were not on board. It was later revealed that they were being held on board the container ship MV Kota Wajah moored off Ceel Huur, Somalia.[113] It was later reported that Royal Navy personnel on board RFA Wave Knight witnessed the transfer of the two crew from the Lynn Rival,[114] but did not intervene for fear of causing casualties among the kidnapped couple. A ransom of US$7,000,000 (£4,300,000) had been demanded. The couple were reported to have been transferred from Koto Wajah to another vessel and then to shore.[115] The Foreign Office had stated that no ransom would be paid and the Somali community in the United Kingdom appealed for the crew to be released on humanitarian grounds, citing the fact that the yacht was not involved in the dumping of toxic waste or illegal fishing and was in international waters.[114] Lynn Rival was returned to the United Kingdom on RFA Wave Knight, arriving at Portland, Dorset on 26 November 2009.[116] The Chandlers were released over a year later on 14 November 2010 after a ransom of US$750,000 was paid.[117]
 Thailand Thai Union 3
(Trawler)
27 (23 Russians; 2 Filipinos; 2 Ghanians)
(Fish)
Released after ransom paid. 2009-10-29 unknown
2010-07-03 $3 million
On October 29, 2009, this vessel was hijacked 200 miles north of the Seychelles by a pair of skiffs.[118] The ship and crew were later released after a $3 million ransom was paid.[119]
 Yemen Unknown
(Fishing vessel)
Unknown
(Unknown)
Captured 2009-10-31 unknown
Captured Unknown
On October 31, 2009, this vessel was hijacked near Eyl, with one of the pirates being killed by the armed crew during the effort.[120]
 France Avel Vad
(Trawler)
Unknown
(Unknown)
Attack repelled 2009-10-31 unknown
Attack repelled None
On October 31, 2009, this vessel was attacked early in the morning between the Somali coast and the Seychelles. The crew repelled the attempted hijacking by firing flares.[121]

November[edit]

Image Flag (owner) Name (class) Crew (cargo) Status Date of attack Coordinates
Date of release Ransom demanded
 Panama
( Saint Vincent and the Grenadines)
Almezaan
(Cargo ship)
18
(armoured vehicles)
Released after ransom 2009-11-07 unknown
2009-11-20
Almezaan was captured a second time on 7 November. It was claimed that it was carrying weapons but this was denied by her owners. A $3,000,000 dollar ransom was demanded, but a lower amount was paid and the ship was released.[122]
 Marshall Islands
( Greece)
MV Delvina
(Bulk Carrier)
21
(Wheat)
Released after ransom paid 2009-11-05 unknown
2009-12-17 Unknown
On November 5, 2009, this vessel was attacked and captured 280 nautical miles east of Tanzania, on its way to Mombasa, Kenya.[123]
 Singapore
( British Virgin Islands)
MV Theresa VIII
(Chemical tanker)
28
(Unknown)
Released 2009-11-05 unknown
2010-03-16 None
On November 17, 2009, this vessel was attacked and captured 180 nautical miles northwest of the Seychelles, on its way to Mombasa, Kenya. The crew of the vessel was composed entirely of North Koreans.[124] It was later released.[125]
 Hong Kong MV BW Lion
(Tanker)
Unknown
(Unknown)
Attack repelled 2009-11-07 unknown
Attack repelled None
Somali pirates attacked the BW Lion when she was 400 nautical miles (740 km) north east of the Seychelles and 1,000 nautical miles (1,900 km) off the coast of Somalia. The ship's crew managed to evade the attack.[126][127]
 Marshall Islands
( Greece)
MV Filitsa
(Bulk carrier)
22
(Unknown)
Released 2009-11-17 unknown
2010-2-1 unknown
Somali pirates captured the Filitsa some 36 nautical miles (67 km) off Balhaf, Yemen.[128] The vessel was released on February 1, 2010, after the ship's owner, Order Shipping, paid an undisclosed amount of ransom money.[129]
Container ship MV Maersk Alabama.jpg  United States
( Denmark)
MV Maersk Alabama
(cargo ship)
21
(food)
Attack repelled 2009-11-18 unknown
Attack repelled None
Somali pirates attacked the Maersk Alabama some 350 nautical miles (650 km) east of Somalia. The attack was repelled when the crew returned fire at the pirates.[130]
 Greece MV Maran Centaurus
(tanker)
28
(oil)
Released 2009-11-30 unknown
2010-01-19 US$5,500,000 to $7,000,000
Somali pirates captured the Maran Centaurus some 800 nautical miles (1,500 km) east of Somalia.[131] The ship was carrying US$140 million in crude oil at the time of its capture.[132] The ship was released on 19 January after a ransom of between US$5,500,000 and $7,000,000 was paid.[133]

December[edit]

Image Flag (owner) Name (class) Crew (cargo) Status Date of attack Coordinates
Date of release Ransom demanded
 Pakistan MV Shahzaib
(Fishing vessel)
29
()
Released[134] 2009-12-6 unknown
2010-1-2
The ship was captured 300 nautical miles east of the Socotra Island near the Gulf of Aden, and later used to hijack MV Asian Glory, a UK-owned car carrier.[135]
 Yemen MV Al Mahmoud 2
(cargo ship)
15
(unknown)
Captured 2009-12-28 unknown
Captured
The ship was reported to have been captured on 28 December.[105]
 United Kingdom MV St James Park
(chemical tanker)
26
(Chemicals)
Released after ransom 2009-12-28 unknown
Released after ransom
The ship was reported to have been captured on 28 December while on a voyage from Thailand to Spain.[136] The ship was later released after a ransom was paid.
 Panama
( Greece)
MV Navios Apollon
(cargo ship)
19
(Unknown)
Released after ransom paid 2009-12-28 unknown
2010-02-28 Unknown
The ship was reported to have been captured north of the Seychelles on 28 December while on a voyage from Florida to India.[136]

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