List of ships of the line of the Dutch Republic

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This is a list of Dutch (United Provinces of the Netherlands) sailing warships:
The Dutch were often handicapped by the smaller size of their ships relative to the vessels of other nations, particularly those of England and France. This was due to the shallow home waters of the Netherlands. Consequently the Dutch did not build large three-deckers such as were found in the navies of England and France, except for a brief period from 1685 to 1693. However, the Dutch made up in sheer quantity of ships what they lacked in terms of the size of vessels; the list below is fragmentary and does not include the majority of the many hundreds of Dutch warships belonging to the United Provinces between 1579 and 1795 (in which latter year the French invaded and established the puppet state of the Batavian Republic).
Administratively and politically, there was not a single Dutch Navy but five distinct Admiralties - Admiralty of Zeeland covering the Province of Zeeland in the south, three covering the Province of Holland (the Admiralty of de Maze in the south of Holland, centred on Rotterdam, the Admiralty of Amsterdam in the centre of the Province, and the Admiralty of the Noorderkwartier in the north of Holland), and the fifth Admiralty of Friesland covering the Province of Friesland). Each Dutch warship belonged exclusively to one or other of the five Admiralties. The names of Dutch warships were often common to several Admiralties, so that there were vessels bearing the same name in different Admiralties.

Armament was often changed.

  • Eenhoorn 30 (Noorderkwartier Admiralty) 1625-1655
  • Salamander 40 (de Maze Admiralty) 1628-1639
  • Aemilia 57 (de Maze Admiralty) 1632-1647
  • Gelderland 40 (de Maze Admiralty) 1634-1659
  • Fredrik Hendrik 36 (Amsterdam Admiralty) 1636-
  • Eendracht 40/41 (Noorderkwartier Admiralty) 1639-1676
  • Zon 40 (c. 1640)
  • Groningen 40 (c. 1641)
  • Ter Goes 40 (c. 1641)
  • Prinses Roijael Maria 32 - Captured by England 1652?, renamed Princess Maria
  • Utrecht 32 - Blew up 1648
  • Gewapende Ruyter 36 - Captured by England 1652
  • Maan 40 (c. 1643)
  • Zeven Provincien 40 (c. 1643)
  • Haarlem 40 (c. 1644)
  • Brederode 51 (1644) - Gradually upgunned to 59 guns, captured and sunk in the Battle of the Sound, 1658
  • Huis van Nassau 40 - Captured by Portugal 1648?
  • Graaf Willem 40 (c. 1649) - Captured by England at the Battle of the Gabbard, 1653
  • Kameel 42
  • Postiljon van Smyrna 40
  • Vrede 42/44 (c. 1650)
  • Jaarsveld 44 (c. 1651) - Wrecked 1653
  • Vrijheid 44/46/50 (c. 1651)
  • Mercurius 40 - East Indiaman. Sunk at the Battle of Scheveningen, 1653
  • Louisa Hendrika 45 - East Indiaman, served as warship
  • Vogelstruis 40
  • Witte Lam 40
  • Groote Liefde 36-46 - Captured by England 1653, renamed Great Charity
  • Campen 38/40/42 (c. 1652)
  • Sint Matheeus 34 (hired 1652)
  • Rosenkrans 42 (c. 1653)
  • Zeelandia 50 (c. 1653)
  • Vlissingen 40 (c. 1653)
  • Middelburg 40 (c. 1653)
  • Kampveere 40 (c. 1653)
  • Prins Willem 58 1655 - Renamed Eendracht while building, upped to 73 guns
  • Holland 42-44 (c. 1653) - Renamed Prins Hendrick
  • Gelderland 39-53 (c. 1653) - Renamed Prins Maurits
  • Eendracht 42-44 (c. 1653) - Renamed Prins Willem
  • Prinses Amalia 26-48 (c. 1653) - Renamed Utrecht
  • Dordrecht 40/46 (c. 1653)
  • Sint Matheeus 42 (hired 1653) - Captured by England at the Battle of the Gabbard, 1653, renamed Mathias
  • Caleb 46
  • Jupiter 46
  • Drie Helden Davids 46
  • Willem van Nieuhoff 40 (hired)
  • Westergo 44
  • Stad en Lande 48
  • Prinses Albertina 44
  • Oostergo 52
  • Huis te Swieten 60 - Was building for Genoa. Given to VOC, rearmed to 70 guns, captured by England at the Battle of Lowestoft, 1665
  • Huis te Cruiningen 54 - Was building for Genoa
  • Delfland 70
  • Amsterdam 50
  • Landman 44
  • Huis te Oosterwijk 56
  • Beurs van Amsterdam 52 (c. 1654??) - East Indiaman, served as warship for a while
  • Jozua 50 (c. 1654)
  • Duivenvoorde 48 (c. 1655) - Burnt at the Four Days Battle, 1666
  • Doesburg 48 (c. 1655)
  • Carolus Quintus (Charles V) 52
  • Wapen van Utrecht 66 (c. 1663)
  • De Zeven Provinciën 80 (flagship) 1665-1694
  • Gouden Leeuw 80-82 1666 Cornelis Tromp's flagship at the Battle of Texel
  • Zwanenburg 42-60 (ex-English St Patrick, captured 1667)
  • Zeelandia 84-94 (c. 1682)
  • Westvriesland 84-94 (c. 1682)
  • Prinses Maria 84-94 (c. 1683)
  • Admiraal Generaal/Kapitein Generaal 84 (c. 1683) - Discarded 1704
  • Hollandia 72/74 (c. 1683)
  • Akerboom 60 (c. 1684)
  • Prince Friso 58
  • Prins Willem 84-94 (c. 1687)
  • Kasteel van Medemblik 84-94 (c. 1688)
  • Koning William 84-94 (c. 1688)
  • Keurvorst van Brandenburg 84-94 (c. 1689)
  • Keurvorstin van Brandenburg 84-94 (c. 1689)
  • Keurvorst van Saksen 84-94 (c. 1689)
  • Beschermer 84-94 (c. 1690)
  • Beschermer 84-94 (c. 1691)
  • Unie 84-94 (c. 1692)
  • Gouda 74 (c. 1692)
  • Reigersberg 72 (c. 1692)
  • Zeven Provincien 84-94 (c. 1694)
  • Vrijheid 84-94 (c. 1695)
  • Zeelandt 64 (c. 1696)
  • te Veere 52 (c. 1697)
  • Nassauw 64 (c. 1698)
  • Middelburg 88 (1699)
  • Eendragt 100/106 (1703)
  • Matenes 54 (c. 1704)
  • Hardenbroek 50 - Captured by France, sold to Russia as Esperans
  • Overwinnaer (c. 1706) - Captured by France 1708 as Grand Vainqueur, sold to Russia as Viktoria
  • Buis 62 (c. 1708)
  • Wolfswinkel 50 (c. 1708)
  • Starrenburg 64 (c. 1708)
  • Schonauwen (c. 1710) - Captured by France 1711 as Beau Parterre, sold to Russia, captured by Sweden 1714 as Kronskepp
  • 't Huis te Nek 52 (c. 1710)
  • Loosdregt 64 (c. 1710)
  • Boetzelaer 64 (c. 1711)
  • Amsterdam 96 (c. 1712)
  • Ter Meer 52 (c. 1712)
  • Duinveld 52 (c. 1713)
  • de Purmer 64 (c. 1714)
  • Leyden 72 (c. 1715)
  • Gelderland 72 (c. 1716)
  • Roozendaal 64 (c. 1717)
  • Gouda 72 (c. 1719)
  • Souterwoude 64 (c. 1719)
  • Haarlem 96 (c. 1721)
  • Kasteel van Egmont 64 (c. 1722)
  • Polaanen 52 (c. 1722)
  • Damiaten 52 (c. 1723)
  • Tholen 64 (c. 1723)
  • Heemstede 64 (c. 1724)
  • Kasteel van Medenblick 52?/64 (c. 1725)
  • Valkenburg 52 (c. 1725)
  • Beemsterlust 52 (c. 1725)
  • Twikkelo 56 (c. 1725)
  • Maas 74 (c. 1727)
  • Proventie Utrecht 64 (c. 1728)
  • Ramhorst 52 (c. 1728)
  • Prins Friso 50 (c. 1728)
  • Boekenroode 52 (c. 1729)
  • Delft 56 (c. 1731)
  • Brederode 52 (c. 1731)
  • Vrijheid 72 (c. 1731)
  • Moriaanshoofd 52 (c. 1733)
  • Watervlied 52 (c. 1733)
  • Zierikzee 64 (c. 1733)
  • ter Goes 64 (c. 1733)
  • Vlissingen 58 (c. 1733)
  • Assendelft 52 (c. 1736)
  • Haarlem 72 (c. 1737)
  • Delft 54/60 (c. 1783?) - Sunk after the Battle of Camperdown (Camperduin), 1797. Reconstructed in Rotterdam (Delfshaven)

References[edit]

  • Naval Wars in the Baltic 1553-1850 (1910) - R. C. Anderson