List of shipwrecks of North America

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This is a list of shipwrecks located in or around North America.

Bermuda[edit]

Ship Sunk date Notes Coordinates
Alert March 1877 A fishing sloop that was wrecked on the northern reefs.
Apollo February 1890 A schooner that was wrecked on the reefs en route to Nova Scotia.
Avenger February 1894 A brigantine that was wrecked on Mills Breakers.
Beaumaris Castle 25 April 1873 A cargo ship that ran aground on Mills Breakers and was abandoned after several unsuccessful salvage attempts.
Blanch King 2 December 1920 A schooner that was wrecked on the southwest reefs.
Caesar 17 May 1818 A brig that was wrecked on a reef en route from England to Baltimore.
Caraquet 25 June 1923 A mail steamship that was wrecked on the northern barrier reef.
HMS Cerberus 21 February 1783 A fifth-rate warship that was lost at Castle Harbour.
Collector 26 May 1823 A schooner that was wrecked northeast of St. George's.
Colonel William G. Ball June 1943 A luxury yacht that was wrecked on Mills Breakers in severe weather.
Constellation 30 July 1942 A schooner that was wrecked on a reef with a cargo of drugs, cement, and whiskey, an incident which inspired the novel and film The Deep.
Cristobal Colon 25 October 1936 An ocean liner that ran aground on a reef, becoming Bermuda's largest shipwreck.
Curlew 17 March 1856 A barquentine that was wrecked on the northern reefs.
Darlington 22 February 1886 A steamship that was wrecked on the Western Reef.
Eagle 12 January 1659 A merchantman that was wrecked on the northeast breakers.
Elda 20 June 1956 A yacht that was wrecked close to the Eagle.
"Frenchman wreck" An unidentified ship, wrecked around 1750; found in 1983.
Hermes 1984 An American ship that was scuttled as a dive wreck one mile off shore.
L'Herminie 3 December 1838 A frigate that was wrecked on a reef in rough weather.
Hunters Galley 11 January 1752 A sloop that foundered in a series of storms and was wrecked on the rocks at Hogfish Cut.
Iristo 16 March 1937 A Norwegian steamer also known as Aristo, that grounded after mistaking the Colon wreck for a ship still underway. She was recovered from the reef, but sank under tow the following day.
Kate 30 November 1878 A British steamer that struck a reef and was run aground to prevent her from sinking.
HMS Katherine 4 April 1763 A brigantine that was wrecked en route to Jamaica.
King 1984 An American tug that was scuttled as the first intentionally created dive site in Bermuda.
Lartington 14 December 1879 A cargo ship that ran aground near Western Blue Cut, after just five years of operation.
Lord Amherst 16 February 1778 A British armed transport and hospital ship that was wrecked on the western reefs.
Madiana 10 February 1903 A passenger steamer, formerly the Balmoral Castle, that struck a reef near Hamilton Harbour.
"Manilla wreck" An unidentified ship, wrecked mid-18th century.
Mari Celeste 13 September 1864 An American Civil War blockade runner that struck a reef while being piloted by a Bermudian, and sank within eight minutes.
Mark Antonio 18 July 1777 A Spanish privateer that was wrecked on the reefs, and discovered in the early 1960s.
Minnie Breslauer 1 January 1873 A cargo ship that ran aground on the reefs, and although later recovered, sank en route to St. George's.
Montana 30 December 1863 An American Civil War blockade runner that hit a reef off the north shore. 32°21.817′N 64°54.812′W / 32.363617°N 64.913533°W / 32.363617; -64.913533 (Montana (ship))
Mussel 7 February 1926 A Bermudian fishing ketch that was wrecked on the western reefs.
North Carolina 1 January 1880 A barque that was wrecked south of Gibs Hill Lighthouse.
Pelinaion 22 December 1940 A Greek steamer that was wrecked off David's Head.
Pollockshields 1915 A cargo ship, formerly the Herodot, that was wrecked near Elbow Beach.
Ramona A Canadian yacht that was wrecked in 1967, refloated for salvaging, and re-sunk near the Royal Naval Dockyard.
Richard P. Buck 13 April 1889 A cargo ship that was caught fire and sank following a storm.
San Antonio 12 September 1621 A Portuguese nao that was wrecked on the west reefs, and discovered in 1960.
San Pedro 1595-1596 A 350 ton Spanish ship that was wrecked to the north of the main island, and discovered in 1951. Valuable treasures and artifacts have been raised, including a 32-ounce gold bar, two smaller gold bars, and an emerald-studded gold cross.
Sea Venture 25 July 1609 An English ship that was deliberately grounded after taking damage in a storm, and subsequently broke up and sank.
Taunton 24 November 1920 A Norwegian steamer that was wrecked on the northern reefs.
Virginia Merchant 26 March 1661 A passenger and cargo ship that ran aground off Sonesta Beach.
HMS Vixen 1896 A coastal defence ship that was scuttled as a blockship off Daniel's Head. 32°18′21.31″N 64°53′7.88″W / 32.3059194°N 64.8855222°W / 32.3059194; -64.8855222 (HMS Vixen (1865))
Warwick November 1619 An English cargo ship that was sunk in a gale in Castle Harbour.
Wychwood 14 August 1955 An English steamer that ran aground off Gibs Hill Light. The ship was refloated but then abandoned at Five Fathom's Hole, and later blown up as a hazard to navigation.
Zovetto 13 February 1924 A cargo ship, also known as Zovetta or Rita Zovetto, that ran aground off St. David's Light.

Canada[edit]

Ship Sunk date Notes Coordinates
SS Arctic 27 September 1854 A paddle steamer that collided with the steamer SS Vesta and sank near Cape Race.
RMS Atlantic 1 April 1873 A White Star Line ocean liner that ran aground near Meagher's Island. 44°27′55.9″N 63°42′37.9″W / 44.465528°N 63.710528°W / 44.465528; -63.710528 (RMS Atlantic)
Breadalbane 21 August 1853 A British barque that was crushed by ice south of Beechey Island. 74°41′N 91°50′W / 74.683°N 91.833°W / 74.683; -91.833 (Breadalbane (ship))
City of Ainsworth 29 November 1898 A paddle steamer that was sunk during a storm in Kootenay Lake.
HMS Comus 24 October 1816 A Laurel-class post ship that ran aground and sank in fog near Cape Race.
RMS Empress of Ireland 29 May 1914 A transatlantic ocean liner that was hit by the coal freighter SS Storstad in the Saint Lawrence River and sank with heavy loss of life. 48°37.5′N 68°24.5′W / 48.6250°N 68.4083°W / 48.6250; -68.4083 (RMS Empress of Ireland (1906))
Hannah 29 April 1849 An Irish famine ship which was holed by ice between Nova Scotia and Newfoundland.
SS Islander 15 August 1901 A Canadian steamer that was sunk by an iceberg in Lynn Canal. 58°22′35″N 134°47′19″W / 58.3765°N 134.7885°W / 58.3765; -134.7885 (SS Islander)
Mount Royal 6 July 1907 A Canadian sternwheeler that was sunk in the Skeena River.
SS Pacific 4 November 1875 A sidewheel steamer that was sunk following a collision with the SS Orpheus.
USS Pollux 18 February 1942 A supply ship that sank along with USS Truxtun in a storm. 46°54′1″N 55°33′51″W / 46.90028°N 55.56417°W / 46.90028; -55.56417 (USS Pollux (AKS-2))
Princess Sophia 25 October 1918 A steamer that ran aground on Vanderbilt Reef and sank the following day. 58°36′08″N 135°01′25″W / 58.6022°N 135.0236°W / 58.6022; -135.0236 (Princess Sophia (steamer))
MV Queen of the North 22 March 2006 A RO-RO ferry that ran aground on Gil Island in Wright Sound. 53°19.917′N 129°14.729′W / 53.331950°N 129.245483°W / 53.331950; -129.245483 (MV Queen of the North)
Tonquin June 1811 An American merchant ship that was blown up at Clayoquot Sound, Vancouver Island.
USS Truxtun 18 February 1942 A Clemson-class destroyer that sank along with USS Pollux in a storm. 46°51′57″N 55°43′30″W / 46.86583°N 55.72500°W / 46.86583; -55.72500 (USS Truxtun (DD-229))
SS Valencia 23 January 1906 A passenger steamer that was wrecked off the coast of Vancouver Island.
Viking 15 March 1931 A sealing barque that exploded off the Horse Islands during the shooting of extra footage for the film The Viking, killing 27, including the film's producer.

Caribbean[edit]

Bahamas[edit]

Ship Sunk date Notes Coordinates
USS Adirondack 23 August 1862 A sloop-of-war that struck a reef off Man-O-War Cay.
HMS Algerine 20 May 1813 A Pygmy-class schooner that was wrecked on the Little Bahama Bank.
USS Chippewa 12 December 1816 A brig that ran aground on a reef.
HMS Conqueror 13 December 1861 A Conqueror-class ship of the line that was wrecked on Rum Cay.
USS Courier 14 June 1864 A storeship and gunboat that ran aground in the Abaco Islands.
HMS Nimble 4 November 1834 A schooner employed in anti-slave trade patrol until it struck a reef in the Old Bahama Channel.
USS San Jacinto 1 January 1865 A steam frigate that struck a reef near Great Abaco Island.
SS Sapona 1926 A cargo steamer run aground near Bimini during a hurricane. 25°39.040′N 79°17.593′W / 25.650667°N 79.293217°W / 25.650667; -79.293217 (SS Sapona)

British Virgin Islands[edit]

Ship Sunk date Notes Coordinates
HMS Astraea 23 May 1808 A British frigate wrecked on Anegada's Horseshoe Reef.
HMS Nymph 18 June 1783 A British sloop that caught fire, foundered, and sank in Road Town's harbour.
RMS Rhone 29 October 1867 A British packet ship wrecked during a hurricane off the coast of Salt Island. 18°22′07″N 64°32′08″W / 18.3687°N 64.5356°W / 18.3687; -64.5356 (RMS Rhone)

Cuba[edit]

Ship Sunk date Notes Coordinates
Almirante Oquendo 3 July 1898 An Infanta Maria Teresa-class armored cruiser that was scuttled about 700 metres offshore in the Battle of Santiago de Cuba. 19°58′39″N 76°8′40″W / 19.97750°N 76.14444°W / 19.97750; -76.14444 (Spanish cruiser Almirante Oquendo)
Cristóbal Colón 3 July 1898 A Giuseppe Garibaldi-class armored cruiser that was sunk in the Battle of Santiago de Cuba. 19°56′N 76°45′W / 19.933°N 76.750°W / 19.933; -76.750 (Spanish cruiser Cristóbal Colón)
USS Merrimac 2 June 1898 A steamship that was sunk by Spanish cruisers in the harbor at Santiago de Cuba. 19°58′37″N 75°52′18″W / 19.97694°N 75.87167°W / 19.97694; -75.87167 (USS Merrimac (1894))
Vizcaya 3 July 1898 An Infanta Maria Teresa-class armored cruiser that was sunk in the Battle of Santiago de Cuba. 19°58′N 76°8′W / 19.967°N 76.133°W / 19.967; -76.133 (Spanish cruiser Vizcaya)

Dominican Republic[edit]

Ship Sunk date Notes Coordinates
Astron 7 April 1978 A freighter that ran aground and broke in two off the coast of Punta Cana. 18°43′49.79″N 68°27′14.27″W / 18.7304972°N 68.4539639°W / 18.7304972; -68.4539639 (Astron (ship))
Atlantic Princess Originally a tourist mover that was to be sunk as an artificial reef off the coast of Bayahibe, but sunk accidentally right in front of Dreams resort.
Catuan December 2006 Scuttled in the area of Juan Dolio at depths ranging from 24 to 60 feet (7.3 to 18.3 m).[1]
Conde de Tolosa 25 August 1724 A Spanish galleon that ran aground during a hurricane in Samaná Bay.
Diomedes French ship lost in the fierce maritime Battle of Palenque, in the 17th century, in Palenque, Bani.
Dolphin A 64 feet (20 m) long fishing boat, and sister ship of the Hickory. It lies in el Portillo, Las Terrenas, and has served as an underwater base for rescue operations.
Hickory 1986 140 feet (43 m) long. Former old US Coast Guard, commanded by Captain Tracy Bowden for underwater exploration and rescue operations, the Hickory was sunk by Hurricane George while carrying 50 passengers. All survived. It is now a national park in La Caleta, Santo Domingo.
Imperiale French ship lost in the Battle of Palenque, in the 17th century, in Palenque, Bani.
RP-14 Limon An old tugboat 155 feet (47 m) long that rests in about 80 feet (24 m) of water very close to the Hickory in the same park. This ship was scuttled there for the same reason – to serve as a tourist attraction. The depth where this shipwreck lies varies from 27–60 feet. The three propellers of this tugboat are still clearly visible.[1]
London Sunk in the 17th century in Samana Bay.
Monte Cristi Pipe Wreck Thought to have been a merchant trader, probably sunk in the later part of the 17th century. Named for the large number of clay smoking pipes it carried as cargo.
Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe 24 August 1724 A Spanish galleon sunk by a hurricane in Samaná Bay.
Nuestra Señora de la Limpia y Pura Concepcion, known as El Concepcion 1641 Sunk at the Silver Bank and found by Cap. Burt Webber, with the most valuable cargo found in these waters; more than 95,000 silver coins, Ming Dynasty ceramics, gold chains, and many other artifacts were salvaged.
Quedagh Merchant, An Indian merchant vessel captured on 30 January 1696 by William Kidd, who renamed it the Adventure Prize. Shortly before he was arrested for piracy, Kidd entrusted the ship to hired merchants, who sold off most of the goods, set fire to the ship, and absconded to Holland. The wreck was discovered in 2007 off the coast of Catalina Island.
Scipion A French ship that took part in the blockade against Cornwallis and thus was instrumental in the American Revolutionary War; sunk in a battle against the British fleet. Found and positively identified by Tracy Bowden. Recovered October 2009 by Deep Blue Marine Inc.
St. George 1999 Sunk as an artificial reef near La Romana.

Granada[edit]

Ship Sunk date Notes Coordinates
Bianca C 24 October 1961 A passenger ship that was torpedoed and sunk by a German submarine in 1944, before construction on the ship was completed. It sank for the second time near St. George's, following an explosion. 12°03′11″N 61°45′32″W / 12.053°N 61.759°W / 12.053; -61.759 (Bianca C (ship))

Haiti[edit]

Ship Sunk date Notes Coordinates
Bluenose 28 January 1946 A celebrated Canadian racing schooner that foundered on a reef off Île à Vache.
Mary Celeste 3 January 1885 A brigantine found in 1872 in the Atlantic Ocean, unmanned and under full sail, heading towards the Strait of Gibraltar. It was later deliberately run aground and burned in an insurance fraud attempt, off the western coast of Port-au-Prince.

Lesser Antilles[edit]

Ship Sunk date Notes Coordinates
MV Angeln 21 February 2010 A container ship that capsized off Saint Lucia.
MS Antilla A supply ship that was scuttled to prevent capture off Aruba. 12°36′06″N 70°03′29″W / 12.60175°N 070.05815°W / 12.60175; -070.05815 (MS Antilla (1939))
Hilma Hooker 12 September 1984 A drug smuggling ship that was seized by the authorities at Bonaire, then took on water and sank at harbour. 12°06′14″N 68°17′22″W / 12.1039°N 68.2895°W / 12.1039; -68.2895 (Hilma Hooker)
SS Pedernales A lake tanker that was torpedoed by U-156, and later towed into a dry dock and cut in three. The fore and aft sections were joined together, and the middle section was sunk as a target. 12°34′44″N 70°03′30″W / 12.57889°N 070.05833°W / 12.57889; -070.05833 (SS Pedernales)

Saint Vincent[edit]

Ship Sunk date Notes Coordinates
SS Antilles 8 January 1971 An ocean liner that ran aground on a reef near the island of Mustique.

Turks and Caicos Islands[edit]

Ship Sunk date Notes Coordinates
2009 Turks and Caicos Islands migrant shipwreck 26 July 2009 A wooden boat carrying migrants from Haiti that capsized near West Caicos.
Molasses Reef Wreck Early 16th-century Spanish shipwreck, the earliest European shipwreck in the Americas to be scientifically excavated.
Trouvadore March 1841 A Spanish slave ship that was wrecked off East Caicos. The crew were arrested upon reaching land, and the 168 Africans took up residence at Grand Turk Island.

Guatemala[edit]

Ship Sunk date Notes Coordinates
SS Springfjord 27 June 1954 A cargo ship that was bombed and sunk off Puerto San José by the CIA, who were engineering a coup d'état in Guatemala. 13°55′59″N 90°49′01″W / 13.933°N 90.817°W / 13.933; -90.817 (SS Springfjord)

Mexico[edit]

Ship Sunk date Notes Coordinates
USS Alabaster 1982 A patrol boat that caught fire off Puerto Vallarta.
USS Belet 16 January 1972 A Crosley-class high speed transport that ran aground on Bahia Peninsula.
Challenger October 1875 An extreme clipper that was wrecked in a gale and drifted ashore at Manzanillo.
USS H-1 12 March 1920 A H-class submarine that ran aground off Isla Santa Margarita.
USS Jubilant August 2001 An Admirable-class minesweeper that was sunk as an artificial reef off Veracruz.
HMCS Kootenay 2001 A Restigouche-class destroyer that was sunk as an artificial reef.
HMCS Restigouche 2001 A Restigouche-class destroyer that was sunk as an artificial reef off Acapulco.
USS Scuffle 1999 An Admirable-class minesweeper that was sunk off Cozumel.
USS Somers 8 December 1846 A brig that capsized off Veracruz.

Panama[edit]

Ship Sunk date Notes Coordinates
Sub Marine Explorer A submersible that was used for harvesting oysters and pearls in the Pearl Islands, until it was abandoned in 1869. 8°16′54″N 78°50′45″W / 8.28158°N 78.8459°W / 8.28158; -78.8459 (Sub Marine Explorer)

United States[edit]

Ship Sunk date Notes Coordinates
SS Andrea Doria 26 July 1956 An ocean liner that sank in a collision in Nantucket Sound, Massachusetts. 40°29.408′N 69°51.046′W / 40.490133°N 69.850767°W / 40.490133; -69.850767 (SS Andrea Doria)
USS Arizona (BB-39) 7 December 1941 A battleship lost in the Japanese bombing of Pearl Harbor. 21°21′53″N 157°57′00″W / 21.364775°N 157.950112°W / 21.364775; -157.950112 (USS Arizona (BB-39))
CSS Arkansas 6 August 1862 An ironclad warship that was scuttled in the Battle of Baton Rouge in Louisiana. 30°29′14″N 91°12′5″W / 30.48722°N 91.20139°W / 30.48722; -91.20139 (CSS Arkansas)
La Belle 1686 A barque-longue of French explorer La Salle's expedition, which ran aground in Matagorda Bay, Texas.
Brother Jonathan 30 July 1865 A paddle steamer that ran aground off Crescent City, California.
USS California (ACR-6) (later renamed San Diego) 19 July 1918 An armored cruiser sunk by a torpedo or mine near Fire Island, New York. 40°32′15″N 73°2′13.92″W / 40.53750°N 73.0372000°W / 40.53750; -73.0372000 (USS California (ACR-6))
SS Carl D. Bradley 18 November 1958 A self-unloading Great Lakes freighter caught in a vicious storm on Lake Michigan.
Cleopatra's Barge 6 April 1824 The royal yacht of King Kamehameha II that ran aground in Hanalei Bay, Hawaii.
SS Edmund Fitzgerald 10 November 1975 A Lake freighter that was lost in a storm on Lake Superior. 46°59.91′N 85°06.61′W / 46.99850°N 85.11017°W / 46.99850; -85.11017 (SS Edmund Fitzgerald)
Ehime Maru (えひめ丸) 9 February 2001 A Japanese fishery high school training ship sank about 9 nautical miles (17 km) off the south coast of Oahu, Hawaii, after a collision with United States Navy submarine USS Greeneville. Nine of its crewmembers were killed, including four high school students.
Henrietta Marie 1700 A slave ship that sunk off Florida Keys.
SS Islander 15 August 1901 A Canadian steamship that sunk in Lynn Canal, Alaska. 58°22′35″N 134°47′19″W / 58.3765°N 134.7885°W / 58.3765; -134.7885 (SS Islander)
King Philip 1878 A clipper that ran aground in heavy surf at Ocean Beach, San Francisco. 37°45′5.48″N 122°30′35.29″W / 37.7515222°N 122.5098028°W / 37.7515222; -122.5098028 (King Philip shipwreck)
LV-117 15 May 1934 A lightvessel that was rammed by RMS Olympic off Nantucket, Massachusetts. 40°37′2″N 69°37′6″W / 40.61722°N 69.61833°W / 40.61722; -69.61833 (United States lightship LV-117)
Nuestra Señora de Atocha 6 September 1622 A Spanish galleon which was found on 20 July 1985 40 miles (64 km) off the coast of Key West, Florida, by treasure hunters who soon began to raise $400 million in coins and silver.
New Carissa 4 February 1999 A freighter which ran aground near Coos Bay, Oregon. The wreck was later dismantled and towed out to sea. 43°23.92′N 124°18.71′W / 43.39867°N 124.31183°W / 43.39867; -124.31183 (New Carissa)
Queen Anne's Revenge 1718 A frigate that was captured by pirates and became Blackbeard's flagship, eventually running aground at Beaufort Inlet in North Carolina. It was discovered in 1996, near Atlantic Beach.
RMS Republic 24 January 1909 An ocean liner that sank in a collision 50 nm South of Nantucket Island, Massachusetts. 40°26.000′N 69°46.000′W / 40.433333°N 69.766667°W / 40.433333; -69.766667 (RMS Republic)
SS Republic 25 October 1865 An ocean liner that sank in a hurricane about 100 miles (160 km) southeast of Savannah, Georgia.
USS Sturtevant (DD-240) 26 April 1942 A destroyer that ran into a friendly mine-field off Key West, Florida. 24°45′N 82°1′W / 24.750°N 82.017°W / 24.750; -82.017 (USS Sturtevant (DD-240))
USS Tecumseh 5 August 1864 A Union monitor warship sunk by a naval mine during the Battle of Mobile Bay in Alabama. 30°13′54″N 88°1′33″W / 30.23167°N 88.02583°W / 30.23167; -88.02583 (USS Tecumseh (1863))

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Lubos Kordac (2009). Historic shipwrecks of the Dominican Republic and Haiti. ISBN 978-1-61623-639-7. Retrieved 29 November 2009. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Marx, Robert F. (1987). Shipwrecks in the Americas. New York: Dover. ISBN 0-486-25514-X. 

External links[edit]

  • WRECKSITE Worldwide database of + 65,000 wrecks with history, maritime charts and GPS positions (subscription required)
  • Ship Information Database Contains historical data about ships that were registered with Canadian ports or that sailed Canadian waters.