List of shipwrecks of the Isles of Scilly

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The list of shipwrecks of the Isles of Scilly is a list of ships which sank on or near the Isles of Scilly. The list includes ships that sustained a damaged hull, which were later refloated and repaired.

Scilly Isles: map by John Bartholomew

Contents

Before 1601[edit]

1305[edit]

  • an unnamed sailing vessel wrecked on Tresco. The Coroner, William le Poer, on the island to take charge of the salvaged cargo is ″seized by the mob″ led by Randulph de Blancminster, Lord of the Manor, and imprisoned until he was able to purchase his freedom.[1]

1555[edit]

  • unidentified Spanish or Spanish–Netherlands vessel on Bartholomew Ledge. The oldest wreck site in the Isles of Scilly protected under the Protection of Wrecks Act 1973.[1]

1601–1700[edit]

1616 or 1617[edit]

1617[edit]

1636[edit]

1641[edit]

1645[edit]

1651[edit]

  • Two unidentified Royalist frigates anchored under Hugh Hill (now the Garrison) and blockading St Mary's was driven ashore in a storm and thought to be total wrecks (not confirmed by research).[1]

1665[edit]

1667[edit]

  • 22 December (first report) — three ships lost near Scilly.[1]
  • (first report) — unidentified vessel ( Spain) wrecked at an unknown location. A passenger complained that he was left on a rock for one or two days while the cargo was salvaged, saying "Valuing the goods more than my life".[1]

1668[edit]

1670[edit]

  • 21 August (first report) — "A great ship has been lost about the Scillies, the afterpart of a wreck has been found.[1]

1671[edit]

  • 31 — the captain and lieutenant of HMS Sapphire (1651) ( Royal Navy) was tried by court martial and sentenced to be shot for running the ship ashore. Captain John Pearce had mistakenly decided that four sails were Algerine corsairs and despite objections from the master and the ship's company he ran her ashore on Perconger ledge, St Agnes to save her from capture.[4]

This vessel was lost at Sicily and not the Isles of Scilly.

1680[edit]

  • 11 January — East India Company ship Phoenix carrying white pepper and cloth wrecked on the Western Rocks. Much of the cargo was salvaged and sold on Scilly to Thomas Abney who paid £202 8s 1d for 269 pieces of Peerlongs.[5]

1681[edit]

  • December — A cargo vessel ( Kingdom of England) wrecked off St Agnes. The lighthouse keeper on St Agnes was found guilty of negligence for being inattentive to the light and for plundering some of the cargo.[6]

1686[edit]

  • February — Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie ship, Prinses Maria sank in shallow water near Silver Carn, north of Santaspery Neck within the Western Rocks. James II sent his yacht to salvage some of the cargo and in 1973 a diving team recovered reale coins, iron canon and timbers.[5]

1701–1800[edit]

unknown year[edit]

  • a French seventy–four gun ship was wrecked on the Western Rocks whilst making an attempt to invade the islands, an accompanying frigate managed to evade the rocks and return to France.[7]

1707[edit]

The Scilly naval disaster of 1707

1720[edit]

  • a Dutch ship lost on Great Wingletang Rock, St Agnes along with her cargo and crew.[9][10]

1730[edit]

  • a ship carrying wine from the Canary Islands was wrecked on or near Rosevean. The master and a crewman were lashed to a rock for three days before rescue.[5]

1733[edit]

  • unknown ship carrying mahogany from the Bay of Honduras to London went ashore on Melledgan. Only the captain and one crew managed to get away on a raft and drifted to Kitten Rock, north of Gugh where they were picked up days later.[5]

1737[edit]

  • a Dutch ship was wrecked in Wingletang Bay, St Agnes in a south-east gale. The master and one of the crew were lost.[11]

1738[edit]

1739[edit]

1742[edit]

  • 9 March — Nancy carrying Bristol compound spirits, hemp, iron and gunpowder caught fire and blew up in New Grimsby. There was damage to several ships in the vicinity.[5]

1743[edit]

  • 13 July — Dutch East India Company cargo ship VOC Hollandia, (Flag of the Dutch East India Company.svg) on her maiden voyage and bound from Amsterdam to Batavia, wrecked on the Gunner Rock, near Annet with the loss of 276 souls.[12] In 1971 Rex Cowan found the wreck, a large quantity of silver coins, along with bronze cannons and mortars.[13][14]

1748[edit]

1750[edit]

  • unknown date — a large unidentified sailing vessel lost in the Gilstone area.[5]

1752[edit]

  • a Dutchman carrying cotton from Smyrna wrecked on Rosevean. There were no survivors.[5]

1753[edit]

  • 20 May — the Johanna stranded at Little Smith, St Agnes; accounts differ as to year of loss and voyage details. Either registered at (or left) Topsham for Swansea[16] or from the Isle of Wight for Liverpool.[5]
  • 20 May — whilst en route from South Shields to Liverpool an unidentified large ship wrecked at Porth Killier.[16]

1758[edit]

  • 30 December — the Furnace bound for Gosport with a cargo of brandy, oil, prunes, rosin and pewter wrecked on Broad Ledge near Guther's Island. Most of her cargo was saved by locals and Custom officers.[5][17]

1759[edit]

  • January — while bound for Barcelona from London and Falmouth the Vincento Farea was lost at Scilly.[18]
  • 23 February — schooner Anna Adriana wrecked at Scilly with the loss of her crew and cargo.[18]

1760[edit]

  • a ″Dutchman″ was lost on the rock Biggal of Melledgan. She was carrying wine and paper.[5]

1762[edit]

  • a French vessel was wrecked on Rosevean; six of the eighteen crew survived by clinging to floating timbers.[5]

1764[edit]

  • a Dutch galliot carrying wine and brandy from Bordeaux to Hamburg wrecked on the Lethegus Ledge, St Agnes. Accounts vary from no lives lost to three lives lost.[17][19]
  • a vessel with coal for the beacon (St Agnes lighthouse) was wrecked on Burnt Island, St Agnes.[15]

1771[edit]

  • an unidentified ship lost with all hands on Gugh (probably on the Cuckolds Ledge).[10]

1773[edit]

  • 25 September — snow Duke of Cumberland from Boston, Massachusetts carrying oil, lumber, deal and other timber to London wrecked north-east of St Helen's.[5]

1774[edit]

  • 1 February — Royd ( Kingdom of Great Britain) of London was beached on rocks when she parted her cable. She was en route from Barcelona to Roscoff with brandy and wine.[5]

1776[edit]

  • a galliot was driven ashore while on a journey from Bordeaux to Hamburg with a cargo of coffee, sugar, indigo and wine, which was salvaged and put under lock and key. They were consequently stolen by a number of men. A Custom House boatman was sentence to transportation for seven years and two women were acquitted.[20]

1780[edit]

1781[edit]

  • 3 March — brig Endeavour ( Kingdom of Great Britain) of Liverpool was beached and lost along with her cargo of herrings, coal, rum and brandy. She was bound for Portsmouth from her home port.[5]

1782[edit]

  • 2 February — a British cargo ship the Lady Johanna ( Kingdom of Great Britain) wrecked at Little Smith, St Agnes. The cargo of cotton and rum was salvaged and taken to Plymouth whilst the wreck was sold and broken up.[21] Note: this is a different ship to the wreck on Little Smith in 1753.[5]
  • 14 July — cargo ship the Madonna de Carmine ( Republic of Venice) hit the Golden Ball Bar, west of St Helen's. Bound from Rotterdam to Smyrna with cloth, the crew sold some of the cargo in order to pay for their passage to Falmouth. No lives lost. A Scheduled Ancient Monument and also referred to as Madonna de Carminic.[5][22]

1783[edit]

  • 24 January — brig Oldenburger carrying a general cargo from St Vincent to Ostend went ashore on Tresco in New Grimsby harbour.[5]
  • 4 September — the Financier bound for London from Charlestown, Carolina with tobacco, rice and indigo hit rocks near Annet and sank.[5] In the same hour the Nancy (see 1784 for a different ship) carrying sugar and rum from Jamaica was wrecked near St Agnes with no loss of life. A third, unnamed, ship was also believed to have been lost with all hands.[23][24]
  • 25 November — while bound for Liverpool from Viborg with deals the Sophia ( Kingdom of Great Britain) of London stranded and sank.[5]

1784[edit]

  • 26 February — a New York transport vessel wrecked on the back of Bryher.[5]
  • 26 February — the packet ship Nancy, carrying actress Ann Cargill and her young child, struck the Gilstone in the Western Rocks and sank in deeper water near Rosevear Ledges. Some of the crew and passengers took to a small boat which was dashed on Rosevear killing all aboard. In total 36 crew, 12 passengers, and 1 prisoner drowned.[25][26][27]
  • 31 December — the Aurora struck a sunken rock off Land's End and made it to the Isles of Scilly finally sinking in St Helen's Gap. Cargo salvaged and she was refloated.[28]

1786[edit]

  • 24 December — brigantine Duke of Cornwall ( Kingdom of Great Britain) of Penzance hit the Bartholomew Ledge and was beached on St Agnes. She was the Duke of Cornwall's private tin ship and was carrying a general cargo from London for Falmouth and Penzance, in the teeth of a violent gale. The crew were saved but little of her cargo was retrieved for the proprietors.[10][29]
  • 24 December — brig Betsy ( Kingdom of Great Britain) from Chester, and heading for London, was lost between the Bartholomew Ledge and Perconger, St Agnes. She was carrying lead blocks and empty casks.[10][30]
  • 24 December — Dowson ( Kingdom of Great Britain) from Leverpool (Liverpool) lost on the Isles of Scilly in a gale.[31]
  • 24 December — an unidentified sloop sank on the Isles of Scilly.[32]
  • 24 December — an unidentified brig sank on the Isles of Scilly.[33]

1788[edit]

1790[edit]

  • 5 June — brigantine Eagle of Charlestown carrying tobacco, rice and staves went ashore near St Agnes.[5]
  • 8 July — the 28 gun, sixth rate, HMS Pegasus (Kingdom of Great Britain Royal Navy) ) went ashore on Annet and refloated on the flood tide undamaged.[5]
  • 20 April — the Elizabeth of London ( Kingdom of Great Britain) with a cargo of salt from Alicante wrecked under Tinklers Hill, St Martin's.[17] She was originally seen with a broken mainmast, smashed decking and rigging trailing astern and encircled the islands three times before beaching herself.[5]

1791[edit]

  • April — Scilly pilot boat sunk off Old Town Bay with the loss of eleven men.[34]

1797[edit]

  • September — The Lethe wrecked on Scilly Rocks.[18]

1798[edit]

1801–1850[edit]

1801[edit]

  • 5 November — London brig Esperance ( United Kingdom) struck Nut Rock, and was a total loss, after parting her cables during a south-west gale. She was bound for Venice from Penzance with pilchards.[5]

1804[edit]

  • 30 May — Quicksilver wrecked in Crow Sound while carrying salt for Newfoundland.[5]
  • July — while bound for London from Waterford The Exchange ( United Kingdom) foundered west of Scilly.[18]
  • 5 November — London brig Esperance ( United Kingdom) struck Nut Rock, and was a total loss, after parting her cables during a south-west gale. She was bound for Venice from Penzance with pilchards.[5]

1806[edit]

  • 10 January — the Governor Milne ( United Kingdom) while on passage from Grenada to London went ashore on Tresco in New Grimsby harbour. She was later saved.[5]
  • 4 November — prize vessel St Francis Apollo went aground and refloated in New Grimsby harbour.[5]

1808[edit]

  • 28 November — schooner Summer ran ashore.[5]

1810[edit]

  • 27 January — Perseus wrecked on Samson while en route from Martinique to London with a cargo of sugar, which was salvaged and sold on St Mary's.[1]
  • 31 August — Amelia ( United Kingdom) wrecked on Crebawethan while carrying coffee, cotton, rum, sugar and silver dollars from Demerara to London.[1]
  • November — 69 ton sloop Harriet & John came ashore.[5]

1812[edit]

  • 26 January — galliot Maria ( France) went ashore at an unknown location and refloated on 14 March.[5]
  • November — ketch Dublin bound for Londonderry from London holed after hitting a ledge while leaving Scilly. The captain refused the offer of a pilot on board.[34]

1815[edit]

  • 27 January — West Indiaman, Queen Charlotte ( United Kingdom) struck the Scilly Rock while bound for Jamaica from Greenock. One crew member and three passengers died as did two Bryher pilots. The thirteen remaining crew and passengers survived after being stranded on the rock for two days and nights.[5]
  • 29 October — the Thais ( United Kingdom) of Penzance came ashore.[5]

1818[edit]

  • 5 January — an unidentified cutter was wrecked offshore.[5]

1819[edit]

1821[edit]

  • 2 October — a brig Providencia ( Spain) wrecked on Hellweathers in thick fog. She was heading for Bristol from St Andero with wool when caught by a north-west gale.[5][15]
  • 3 October — Bryher boat Hero with 21 men aboard was smashed to pieces by heavy seas while removing the cargo from the Providencia.[5]
  • the St Martin's Preventive Service boat capsized with the loss of the four men on board.[17]

1822[edit]

  • 4 February — schooner York ( United Kingdom) of Chichester carrying oranges from Seville to London was lost, in thick fog, with all hands within half-a-mile of St Agnes.[5][15]

1825[edit]

  • 10 September — schooner La Sidonia went aground and later refloated in New Grimsby Harbour, Tresco.[5]

1826[edit]

  • 29 January — brig John & Ann wrecked on Tresco.[5]
  • 7 September — Fair Ellen went ashore and was saved.[5]

1827[edit]

1829[edit]

  • 4 January — Ocean on Rosevear Ledges.[5][26]

1830[edit]

  • 19 January — the brig Hope with a cargo of peppers, ivory, gold dust and palm oil, dropped anchor and was driven onto the rocks off the north coast of St Martin's after mistaking the daymark for St Agnes lighthouse. The cargo of gold dust and 300 elephant tusks were saved but four people lost their lives when the boat they were trying to escape in was hit by the mainmast.[15][17]

1831[edit]

  • early January — two Scillonian gigs wrecked.[17]
  • 27 March — the Delf went onto rocks in Old Grimsby Harbour.[5]
  • 27 March — Swift en route from Liverpool to Rotterdam grounded on St Helens but managed to get away on the next tide.[5]

1833[edit]

  • January — the St Martin's pilot boat sank in heavy seas with the loss of all ten men.[17]
  • 13 February — sixth rate HMS Forester ( Royal Navy) ran aground at Cruther's Point, St Martin during a ″...great gale raged over the UK″. She was later refloated.[1][17]
  • 13 February — bound for Bombay, the Providence struck a rock and was scuttled two days later in Crow Sound. She was floated off on 6 May.[5]

1835[edit]

1836[edit]

  • 4 February — Fame ( United Kingdom) of Exeter carrying pig iron from Newport for Newcastle sank after the loss of her mainmast, boat and bulwarks six leagues south west of St Agnes. The crew of nine were taken off by twenty men in the St Agnes pilot boats Champion and Cyclop and landed at St Mary's.[37]
  • 27 March — cutter Prosperous wrecked at an unknown location.[5]
  • 7 April — Maryport brig Bassenthwaite ( United Kingdom) sank immediately when she struck a partially submerged wreck in Broad Sound during a north-west gale.[5]
  • April or May — parts of the balks, beams, masts, etc. have been washed up on many of the islands. They may be from a timber ship from Quebec that sank recently; whereabouts and time unknown.[38]
  • 13 October — St Ives schooner Minerva ( United Kingdom) carrying wool from Spain to Bristol hit the Western Rocks near Crebawathen and sank. Only one member of the crew survived and was picked up from a rock the next morning.[39][5]
  • 12 October — brig Experiment on her maiden voyage from Newfoundland to Poole with fish and oil was found on 14 October drifting after losing her mast and taking on water. Three of the nine crew survived.[39]
  • October — the stern of John Dunlap washed onto the shore at Porth Hellick.[39]

1838[edit]

  • 27 November — barque Pacquebot de Cayenne ( France) sailed into the Hats during a SSE Gale. The crew were saved and most of her cargo of hides, wool and coffee was lost.[5]

1839[edit]

  • 22 February — 165 ton brig Louisa Hannah wrecked on the Ranneys, half a mile west of Annet. She was carrying wine and oranges from Lisbon to her home port of Poole. None of the crew survived.[5]
  • 27 April — Plymouth schooner Solace en route from Lisbon struck a shallow reef within the Western Rocks during thick fog. The crew managed to save their personal belongings and she went to pieces the following day in a ground swell.[5]
  • 4 September — brig Theodorick is probably the earliest recorded wreck on the Bishop Rock. She was carrying a general cargo from Mogodore to London.[5]
  • 6 December — the St Vincent hit the Chimney Rocks, at the eastern end of St Martin's and sank.[17] All her crew and 75% of her cargo of barley was salvaged. She was bound for Penzance from Marans.[5]

1840[edit]

  • 2 February — brig Lady Louise carrying coffee, from Rio de Janeiro to Cowes and London, attempted to make anchorage while in distress, and in a gale she was driven onto Guthers Bar.[5]
  • 17 March — Beaumaris brig Jane Ellen ( United Kingdom) struck a rock in St Helen's Gap, lost her rudder and went aground on rocks near St Helen's. She was en route to London from Bangor with slate. All the crew were saved.[10][40]
  • 29 December — Dartmouth schooner Providence ( United Kingdom) hit the Bartholomew Ledges and was run ashore on St Agnes.[10]

1841[edit]

  • 4 January — a paddle steamer, the Dublin steam packet SS Thames ( United Kingdom), en route from Dublin to London sank in a strong NE gale near Corregan and Rosevear. Sixty-two of the sixty-four passengers and crew drowned when her Captain mistook the St Agnes light for the Longships and changed course to head north. Pilot gig Whale, the only boat which managed to reach the wreck, saved three women.[26][41] Her figurehead is in the Valhalla Museum at Tresco Abbey Gardens.
  • 2 April — an unidentified schooner was lost on St Agnes.[5]
  • December — the pilot boat of St Martin's sank and all six crew escaped with their lives.[34]

1842[edit]

  • 11 February — brig William Proben ( United Kingdom) of South Shields with a cargo of wheat was lost on Meledgan with the loss of all her crew.[15]
  • 12 October — the 600-tonne paddle steamer Brigand, a packet boat, en route from Liverpool to St Petersburg, struck the Bishop's Rock with such force that it stove in two large bow plates. The rocks then acted as a pivot, and she swung round and heeled into the rock portside, crushing the paddle-wheel and box to such an extent that it penetrated the engine room. She drifted over seven miles in two hours, before sinking in 90m. All the crew were saved.[42]

1843[edit]

  • 28 January — wooden schooner Douro wrecked on Crebawethan with the loss of all her crew while out from Liverpool for Oporto with a cargo of bailed goods, armoury and brass stops (horseshoe shaped manillas or bracelets used as tokens in the slave trade). All her crew was lost and five seamen including the master are buried in St Mary's churchyard.[15][43] There is no evidence she was involved in the slave trade.[5]
  • 3 March — schooner Anne & Jane hit a rock north of St Agnes while carrying slates from her home port of Caernarvon to Perth. Local pilots received £30 for helping her to safety.[5]
  • 21 November — schooner Challenger ( United Kingdom) from Surinam (or Smyrna according to Noall), carrying fruit to her home port of London and wrecked either on the Gunners or the Nundeeps. Her crew of eight managed to row to Bryher with only one oar and the whole island was put under quarantine.[15][5]
  • 21 November — barque Nickerie ( Netherlands) struck a rock, during the night, south-west of Rosevear. She was heading for her home port of Rotterdam from Samarang, Batavia, with coffee and sugar; her captain thought she was in the English Channel. She got off and struck again ten minutes later, and started to break up with eight men drowning. The eleven remaining men attempted to make a raft but only two survived when finally rescued from Rosevear. (According to Noall (1968) this wreck occurred on 22 February 1844).

1844[edit]

  • 22 February — 600 ton barque Nickerie (or Nichiril) ( Netherlands) wrecked on Rosevean while on a voyage from Batavia to Rotterdam with coffee and sugar. There were two survivors.[15] (According to Larn (1992) this wreck occurred on 21 November 1843).
  • 1 May — Vespa lost on the Woolpack, Garrison, St Mary's.[18] Vesper lost in St Mary's Sound.[5]

1845[edit]

  • 1 December — the 347 ton barque registered in North Shields John Esdaile ( United Kingdom) struck the Gilstone Ledge in the Western Rocks while out of Green Island for London. She was towed into Smith Sound and a week later went to pieces. Her crew was saved and some of her cargo washed up on Annet and St Agnes.[5]

1846[edit]

  • 4 January — brig Leonie hit the Bow, off Gugh and was refloated when her masts were cut off to lighten her. She was carrying brandy for Liverpool and the Clyde.[10]
  • 3 October — tender Eddystone ( United Kingdom) driven onto Men-a-Vaur whilst leaving Old Grimsby Harbour; her cargo was saved. A Scheduled Ancient Monument[5][44]
  • 7 October — brigantine Don ( United Kingdom) of Sunderland grounded on Tresco and refloated.[5]

1848[edit]

  • 25 December — the brig Charlotte ( Sweden) out of Gothenburg for Montevideo with deals and balk timber foundered on Melledgan where the master, mate, two crew and a passenger lost their lives. Ten survivors erected a rough tent on the rock and were rescued the next day.[5]
  • 27 December — seventeen lives were lost when the Palinurus with a cargo including hogsheads of rum was wrecked off White Island, St Martins.[17]

1850[edit]

  • 30 October — in order to save the brig Calliope ( Kingdom of Greece) after she hit the Barthomew Ledges, she was put ashore near the Woolpack Battery, St Mary's. She was heading for Falmouth from Odessa and was sold for £22 10s.[10][5]

1851–1900[edit]

1851[edit]

  • 1 January — 289 ton brig Alessandro II Grande parted her cables and drifted on to Mare Ledges, to the south of Tresco. There was no loss of life. Her figurehead of Tsar Alexander I is in the Tresco Abbey Gardens.[45]

1852[edit]

  • 13 April — 225 ton barque Mary Hay hit the Steeple Rock on Bream Ledges while entering Broad Sound despite there being a pilot on board. She was on passage from Jamaica to London with a mixed cargo and sank suddenly with thirty men on deck. There was no loss of life and the wreck was sold for £72 along with salvaged ebony, logwood, coconuts and fustic. The day after the wreck 43 puncheons of rum, two casks of lime-juice, 1,170 bags of pimento, and ship stores, gear and clothing were salvaged Her figurehead is in Valhalla on Tresco.[5]
  • a wooden box from East Indiaman Agnes Ewing Flag of the British East India Company (1801).svg British East India Company was washed ashore on Teän. She was on passage from Liverpool to Calcutta and nothing more has been heard of the ship.[5]

1853[edit]

  • 27 January — Brixham schooner Sarah ( United Kingdom) sank at anchor in St Martin's Flats; she had sprung a leak two days previous while bound with coal from Cardiff to Tenerife and Santa Cruz. Her cargo and hull was sold three weeks later for £38.[5]
  • 3 March — while carrying slate from her home port of Caernarfon to Perth the schooner Anne & Jane ( United Kingdom) hit a rock north of St Agnes.[10]
  • 24 March — cargo ship Sultana (Admiralty flag of Hamburg.svg Hamburg) was lost on the Nundeeps and her crew drowned. A nameboard was washed ashore near Padstow nearly a month later.[10]
  • 12 June — brig Ambassador (19th Century Flag of Malta.svg Malta) carrying coal from Cardiff to Malta struck the Seven Stones in fine weather at six in the morning and sank. The crew made it into the ship boats and made for the Trinity House light vessel.[15]

1854[edit]

  • 3 January — brig Advena driven onto Samson in a south-east gale. She was re-floated at high water after her masts were removed.[5]

1856[edit]

  • Chieftain said to be wrecked on the east side of St Martin's at Hard Lewis.[46] The figurehead of a highland chieftain in full dress is in Valhalla on Tresco, although there is no record of a ship named Chieftain in Lloyd's Register, HM Customs and Excise, Board of Trade or the RNLI at this time. The wreck in deep water by Hard Lewis is most probably Gilmore, wrecked in 1866.[5]

1857[edit]

1 June — the Padstow brig Voluna ( United Kingdom) while in ballast from Falmouth for Quebec went ashore on the south shore of St Agnes during dense fog. The crew managed to get ashore and Voluna broke up in the surf.[5]

1860[edit]

  • 14 July — Austrian sailing ship Osvetitel was wrecked in fog on Maiden Bower while sailing from Ibrail to Falmouth with barley. Her crew and most of her cargo was recovered.[5]
  • 19 August — brig Aurora went ashore, in fog, on the Brow-of-Ponds while carrying wheat from Ibrail to Falmouth. Her crew survived but the cargo was lost and the wreck was sold 23 August.[5]
  • 26 November — the Empire ( United Kingdom) sank during a severe gale in North Sound after hitting Peaked Rock.[5][14]

1861[edit]

  • 18 February — schooner Pauline ( France) carrying railway iron from Ardrossan to Rouen was driven onto Crow Bar[5]
  • 18 February — the Mentor (United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Jersey) parted her cables and collided with the brig Arthemise ( France). The crew managed to get on board the Arthemise which was then ran ashore.[5]
  • 19 March — 846 ton sailing ship Award ( United Kingdom) on her second voyage and bound from Liverpool for New Orleans, struck rocks 1.5 miles (2.4 km) off Gweal. NNW force 8 to 9 winds drove her on to the northern end of Gweal pushing her bow on to land and forming a temporary bridge to the island. After twelve hours the crew of 24 managed to scramble ashore.[47]

1862[edit]

  • 24 February — brig Alexandrina ( United Kingdom) of Cardiff while carrying coal was abandoned during a gale in the roadstead. Scillonian pilots received £97 from the owner for running her aground.[5]

1863[edit]

  • December — sailing ship Friar Tuck with a cargo of tea wrecked in a north-west gale on Porth Loo, St Mary's. The crew were landed by the rocket apparatus.[26]

1864[edit]

  • 1 May — while en route from Malaga to St Petersburg with olive oil the Aegir  Sweden of Gelf was wrecked but re-floated on the same day.[5]

1866[edit]

  • 6 February — barque Hydra wrecked.[5]
  • 13 February — Schooner Dauphine ( France) caught alight two hours from Scilly and her hulk eventually drifted onto St Agnes.[5]
  • 12 April — 535 ton barque Gilmore ( United Kingdom) of Southampton wrecked on Hard Lewis, off the east side of St Martin's.[46] She was in ballast from her home port to Quebec and the crew managed to get away in the ship's boats.[5]

1867[edit]

  • coal hulk Eliza wrecked. Her figurehead is in the Tresco Abbey Gardens.[48]

1869[edit]

  • 16 February — Schooner Alida ( Netherlands) of Veendam sank off White Island, St Martin's en route from Swansea to Taragonna with patent fuel. her crew were pricked up by the pilot gig Linnet.[5]
  • 6 December — Brigantine Otto ( Sweden) stranded on Southward Well, after parting her cables and fouling the barque Dorothy Thompson. She was carrying Stockholm tar from Jakobstad to Bristol. There was no loss of life and only 36 barrels were saved before she broke up.[5]

1870[edit]

  • 27 January — Ship Willem Poolman ( Netherlands) of Rotterdam went on the rocks at Southward Well while en route from Batavia to her home port. Both the ship and her cargo of tin and coffee were saved.[5]
  • 20 April — screw steamer Sado ( United Kingdom) was lost on the Brow of the Ponds between Crebawthan and Jackyl Rock while heading to Liverpool from Oporto with a general cargo including wood, wine, oranges, thirty head of cattle and eggs. ″Some of the eggs hatched, the breed of fowl proved unsatisfactory and eventually died″. Three of the bullocks were found by a Sennen boat and landed on Roseveor and a fourth was landed on St Mary's.[15][26]
  • 28 May — schooner Frances Jane ( United Kingdom) of Carrickfergus hit the Bartholomew Ledges (and refloated) while carrying salt from Runcorn to Plymouth.[10]
  • 21 July — while bound for Marseilles from Cardiff, the Liverpool steamer Tyne Queen ( United Kingdom) struck Men-a-Vaur in fog, was stranded on rocks in St Helen's Pool for an hour before unloading her cargo in New Grimsby.[5]
  • 7 October — despite the good visibility during daylight hours and the lightship within sight, the barque Nelson ( United Kingdom) struck the Seven Stones reef while carrying pig lead and esparto to Tyneside. She sank within two minutes and the master and two of the crew lost their lives.[15]

1871[edit]

  • 11 January — Kinsale barque Royal Standard ( United Kingdom) carrying oats from her home port to Southampton was driven ashore on Bryher. She was refloated four days later.[5]
  • 24 June — iron barque Il Primo ( Spain) of Bilbao carrying sugar for Greenock from Havana hit the Seven Stones reef and quickly sank with the loss of all the crew bar one.[15]
  • 7 July — the 387 ton barque Belle of the South hit the Perconger Ledge off St Agnes in a heavy rain squall. With a pilot on board she ran for and beached near St Mary's pier where a piece of rock two foot long was found embedded in her hull. She was repaired and continued her journey to Algoa Bay, South Africa with a general cargo.[5][15][26]
  • 13 October — schooner Lelia ( France) carrying coal from Neath to Rochelle went aground on the Spanish Ledges but managed to get clear.[10]
  • 20 December — all but two of the crew of the Liverpool steamer Delaware ( United Kingdom) drowned when she broke down and was driven ashore on Mincarlo.[15][26] Two of the crew escaped in the ships boat which was washed up on White Island (Sampson) and saved by the crew of Byrher gig Albion ( United Kingdom).[5]

1872[edit]

  • 17 February — Greek brig Telxinoi (First National Flag of Greece) wrecked on Crow Bar.[5]
  • 16 July — SS Earl of Arran ( United Kingdom) passenger steamer, which travelled between the islands and Penzance struck the rock St Martin's Neck and beached on Nornour after a passenger, Stephen Woodcock, a pilot-boat crew member though himself not a pilot, talked the Captain into taking an unusual course ″... to give the passengers a better view″. The 92 passengers and crew were saved though the Earl was beyond help.[17][26][49]
  • 6 October — Little Western ( United Kingdom) wrecked on the Wells Reef. She was the second West Cornwall Steam Ship Company ferry to be wrecked in the islands during 1872.[49]
  • 22 November — Italian barque Rosa Tacchini wrecked on the Paper Ledges, near Tresco after her anchors dragged during a severe south-west gale. No one was hurt. The wreck was towed to Carn Near on Tresco where she was broken up.[5]

1873[edit]

  • 1 February — while sheltering from huricane force winds along with fifty other ships the Outalpha ( United Kingdom) of London grounded in St Mary's Roads. She was refloated on the following tide and continued her journey from Adelaide to London with grain.[5]
  • 15 March — all the crew were lost when the Elizabeth was wrecked on St Agnes.[5]
  • 10 June — Mousehole sailing lugger Cornish Girl ( United Kingdom) sank after striking the Round Rock in the Spanish Ledges in fine weather. No lives lost.[10]

1874[edit]

  • 18 January — the Minnehaha, cargo ship, bound for Dublin, wrecked on Peninnis Head, St Mary's with the loss of ten lives including the Pilot.[26]
  • 10 March — schooner Ranneys ( United Kingdom) of Fowey struck the Spanish Ledges and refloated.[10]
  • 22 March — the upturned hull of the sailing ship James Armstrong, with a cargo of mahogany and coconuts, was found between St Martin's and the Seven Stones and towed to St Mary's beach by the Queen of the Bay. The coconuts were inedible![26]
  • 4 April — SS Bordelaise ( United Kingdom) of Liverpool attempted to enter Crow Sound without a Pilot and hit the Hats. She was bound for Oporto, from Newport, with coal and railway iron. Some of her cargo was salvaged.[5]
  • 13 April — schooner Edmund wrecked.[5]
  • 16 April — SS Zelda, on her maiden voyage, stranded on the Maiden Bower Rock in fog. Her crew and passengers were saved, and some cargo was salvaged by divers. When the wreck was inspected in 1966, it was found that not only had the SS Brinkburn sank on top of the Zelda in 1898, but that evidence of an unknown wooden warship was found beneath it.[50][51]
  • 20 April — St Agnes pilot cutter Gem ( United Kingdom) smashed on Perconger after she slipped her moorings.[15]

1875[edit]

  • 8 May — ocean liner Schiller ( German Empire) on a journey from New York to Hamburg, wrecked on the Retarrier Ledges with the loss of 335 people.[52]
  • 11 August — barque Cactus ( Kingdom of Italy) on passage from Tripoli to Cardiff with esparto grass struck the Northern Rocks. With pilots on board, she was deliberately run onto Samson the next day and taken to Hugh Town on the 13th.[5]
  • 1 November — on her maiden voyage to Rio de Janeiro with coal, the three–masted brigantine Catherine Griffiths sank in thick fog with the loss of eight of her nine crew. Giovanni Carstulovich managed to reach the shore at Troy Town.[15]
  • 2 November — steamer Aksai ( Russia) sailed into White Island, St Martin's in thick fog while bound for Odessa from Cardiff with coal. The captain and crew of thirty-nine were saved by the Lady of the Isles.[5]
  • 23 November — 452 ton Foscolo ( Kingdom of Italy) of Naples struck the Seven Stone Reef while bound from Montevideo for Dundee with scrap iron and bones. She managed to reach Crow Bar and sank in the shallows. She was later salvaged and raised.[5]

1876[edit]

  • 17 February — the Linn Fern ( United Kingdom) of Glasgow wrecked in Crow Sound[5]
  • British barque Bordelaise ( United Kingdom) with a cargo of ″railway iron″ lost on The Hats; see 1874 above.[26][53]

1877[edit]

  • schooner Ethel ( United Kingdom) struck the Seven Stones reef but sustained little damage and headed for Plymouth. Her captain and mate had their certificates withdrawn.[15]

1878[edit]

  • 10 October — Aberystwyth schooner Integrity (or Integrite) ( United Kingdom) lost her foremast and longboat in heavy seas off the Bishop Rock. Carrying lime phosphates from Lisbon to Wicklow she found it impossible to manoeuvre in Smith Sound and drifted around Annet before being beached in Perconger, St Agnes. One of the four crew was swept overboard and drowned. Two days later she was refloated and taken to St Mary's.[10]
  • 23 October — Ely Rise carrying ″patent fuel″ struck rocks near The Hats. She was refloated and repaired.[26]
  • 31 December — brigantine Minerve ( France) driven onto rocks between Wrass and Morning Point. All the crew, bar one who swam to safety, were saved by the rocket apparatus.[26]

1879[edit]

  • 24 March — on her maiden voyage, the 215 ton barquentine Tabasco, carrying bottled beer and coal from Greenock struck White Island, St Martin's. Her master mistook the Seven Stones lightship for Trevose Head.[5]
  • 27 July — Liverpool barque Maipu ( United Kingdom) was wrecked in Hell Bay on Bryher. She was bound for Hamburg from Iquique with a cargo of saltpetre.[5]
  • 27 July — barque River Lune in ballast from Lorient to Ardrossan was lost on Brothers Rock in Muncoy Neck, the channel between Annet and Melledgan, after a faulty chronometer put her off course. She sank in ten minutes, but the crew escaped.[5]

1880[edit]

  • the St Martin's cutter Queen ( United Kingdom) grounded on Par Beach, St Martin's and wrecked.[17]
  • 23 October — the coal schooner Argo wrecked on Teän while on passage from Newport to Polruan. All the crew of eight managed to get ashore.[5][17]
  • 28 October — the 194 tons gross wooden brig Messenger of Salcombe dragged onto Skirt Island while carrying coal from Cardiff to Portsmouth. She refloated after St. Mary's lifeboat (Henry Dundas) had saved five of her crew but was later scrapped.[5]

1881[edit]

  • 18 January — the wooden hulled brigantine Charlotte Dunbar was found ashore and abandoned on Burnt Island, St Agnes. She was sailing from Newport to Audierne with coal and nothing was heard of her crew of six.[5]
  • 7 May — the SS Culmore with a cargo of onions and oranges hit the Crim.[54]
  • 27 November — the Excelsior ( German Empire) of Hamburg grounded on Crow Bar and consequently beached on the south-west corner of Higher Town Bay, St Martin's. She had left Ragoon on 7 June and was carrying 915 tons of rice, rattan and teak. Two months later on 22 January she was towed towards St Mary's by the Queen of the Bay and Lady of the Isles and after 30 minutes sank (see also 1882).[5][17]

1882[edit]

  • 22 January — the Excelsior sank off St Martin's after repairs on a St Martin's beach (see 1881).[17]
  • 24 April — London barge St Vincent ( United Kingdom) sank on Toll Island, near Pelistry, St Mary's after striking the Spanish Ledges. She was en route from St Vincent for London with sugar. The crew escaped, but there was much embarrassment as she was carrying a St Agnes pilot.[10]

1883[edit]

  • 9 February — Criccieth Castle lost on Porthcress Beach.[53]

1885[edit]

  • 8 June — Earl of Lonsdale ( United Kingdom) of Newcastle, carrying cotton seed from Alexandria to Portishead, was wrecked in Smith Sound, off the Troy Town maze, St Agnes in thick fog.[15][55] The master had thought his ship was to the west of, and ten miles south of the Bishop Rock.[5]
  • 17 December — cargo ship SS Sussex struck Seal Rock, near the Maiden Bower after being caught in heavy fog, while travelling at normal cruising speed. The crew escaped and she broke up during the night of 4–5 January in heavy seas.[5]
  • 30 December — a local cutter capsized off Yellow Ledges with the loss of one life, while on its way to the steamer Sussex, which struck Seal Rock on 17 December.

1886[edit]

  • 26 March — Brigantine Nellie( Denmark) of Elsinore had been in collision to the west of Scilly and was driven before a south-westerly gale onto the Western Rocks where she first struck Jackys Rock. Part of the vessel drifted onto Annet and the remainder into St Warna's Cove on St Agnes. She was on passage from Bordeaux to Cardiff with pit props under the command of Capt M L Svendsen who lost his life along his chief officer. Two of the crew were saved after clinging to the wreck for sixteen hours and four were picked up from Melledgan where they quenched their thirst with puffins' blood.[5]

1887[edit]

  • 12 January — Caernarvon schooner Bolina ( United Kingdom) carrying slate from Portmadoc to London sank off the south coast of Gugh during an easterly gale.[10]
  • 8 June — the SS Castleford struck the Crebawethans and led to some of her cargo of 250 to 450 cattle being landed on Annet and staying there for up to ten days.[56]

1888[edit]

  • 15 January — the 332 ton barque Gauloise ( France) of Bordeaux sailed onto Great Arthur Island on the northern edge of Crow Sound. She was carrying pitprops for Porthcawl and heading NNE when fog came down fourteen miles south of St Agnes light.[5]
  • 11 March — while in ballast, the barque Bernardo ( Kingdom of Italy) of Genoa lost her sails in a west-north-west gale and was blown ashore on the back of Annet. The captain was rescued from Old Woman Rock by St Agnes fisherman after the ship broke up around him. Eleven of the crew were drowned in the ship's boat when it capsized.[5] Her figurehead, apparently St Bernard of Clairvaux, is in Valhalla on Tresco.[5]
  • 7 May — London steamer Egyptian Monarch ( United Kingdom) on passage from New York to her home port with a general cargo including cattle, and passengers, stranded near Bryher. She managed to refloat and made Falmouth the same day with one compartment full of water.[5]
  • 9 August — no one on the islands knew that the steamer Gomes V ( Portugal) had foundered until a St Martin's pilot boat picked up nineteen crew and one passenger drifting eastwards past Hanjaque in two of the ships boats. She was carrying coal to Oporto from Cardiff and struck the Shag Rock in dense fog.[5]

1889[edit]

  • 3 March — Jane Owen wrecked on Crow Bar.[5]

1891[edit]

  • 19 February — steamer Trignac ( France) sprang a leak, blew up and sank within five minutes, between the Islands and the Seven Stones Reef. She was carrying coal from Newport to St Nazaire.[5]
  • 10 March — 34 ton smack Porth ( United Kingdom) of Padstow ran ashore on the Minmanueth Rocks on the western coast of Annet. She was heading for St Columb Minor with culm from Swansea when she was caught in the ″Great Blizzard of 1891″. St Agnes lifeboat James & Caroline rescued the master and his son, but the third crew member was found frozen.[5]
  • 12 March — barque Megellan ( Netherlands) foundered in the approaches to the English Channel at lat 47.48 N long 6.53 W. The crew were picked up and taken to Falmouth.[57]
  • 11 November — Padstow schooner J K A ( United Kingdom) wrecked on Shag Rocks near the Mouls; she broke free and foundered. Her crew abandoned ship and landed on Great Innisvouls where they were rescued by a gig from St Martin's.[5]

1892[edit]

  • 6 February — Embiricos of Andros hit either John Thomas or Deep Ledge, St Martin's in heavy rain. She was bound for Malta and Odessa with coal from Cardiff. The captain and five others lost their lives when attempting to launch a boat. Twenty-eight hours four of her crew in a second boat were picked up off the Lizard by steamer Rutland and landed at Le Havre.[5]

1893[edit]

Horsa shipwreck
  • February — a Truro schooner, John and Mary ( United Kingdom) was found ashore on Samson after she collided with a Greek brig in St Mary's Roads. She was later towed to New Grimsby.[5]
  • 4 April — full–rigger Horsa with a cargo of oats and wool from New Zealand grounded in Bread and Cheese Cove on St Martin's. She later capsized twenty-one miles south-west of the Bishop Rock, while being towed; there were no deaths.[5][58]
  • 24 November — the SS Serica nearly foundered and took shelter in St Mary's Roads on the 19th. As she left she struck an uncharted rock (later named Serica Rock) and sank.[59]

1896[edit]

  • 14 December — Sophie ( Norway) of Fredrikstadt started to disintegrate and was abandoned along with her cargo of anthracite from Cardiff. She was towed into New Grimsby by the Lady of the Isles and sold to Algernon Dorrien Smith who used her timbers around the Tresco estate and her cargo to heat his greenhouses.[5]

1898[edit]

  • 20 August — 2,843 ton Sunderland steamer Toledo ( United Kingdom) hit Steeple Rock and ripped open her hull. Her crew managed to lower the ship's boats and escape before she sank in twenty-five fathoms.[5]
  • 15 December — 3,229 ton steamship Brinkburn struck the Maiden Bower in fog and sank, while bound for Le Havre from Galveston with cotton and cotton seed. Her crew of mainly lascars survived. An inspection of the wreck in 1966, found beneath her two other ships, one the Sussex which sank in 1885 and an unknown warship.[5]

1899[edit]

  • 12 February — 76-ton wooden brigantine Bohallard ( France) of Nantes broke her cables during a WNW hurricane-force gale and drifted onto Pendrathen. She later floated clear and was wrecked in Higher Town Bay, where she broke up two days later.[5]
  • 7 June — Liverpool Salvage Association's steamer Ranger ( United Kingdom) grounded on Crow Bar and was refloated the same day.[5]
  • 25 October — while carrying rice from Bangkok to Bremen the full-rigged ship Erik Rickmers ( German Empire) of Bremerhaven went ashore on Scilly Rock. She later sank in deep water.[5]

1901–1914[edit]

The schooner Thomas W. Lawson, world's only seven-masted ship and largest pure sailing vessel (without an auxiliary engine) ever built. Destroyed off the uninhabited island of Annet in a storm on December 14, 1907.

1901[edit]

  • 22 June — four masted barque Falkland ( United Kingdom) of Liverpool struck the Crebinacks and drifted onto the Bishop's Rock where she foundered with several of the crew drowning. Two passengers and twenty-one of the crew made it on to the ship's boat which was piloted to St Mary's by the St Agnes lifeboat.[5][53][60]

1902[edit]

  • 2 February — sailing ship Lofaro ( Kingdom of Italy) sunk off St Martin's Head with the loss of the crew despite attempts by the gig Emperor to save them. The Lofaro figurehead is currently in the Valhalla Museum on Tresco.[17][53]

1903[edit]

  • 17 June — Newcastle steamer James Spier ( United Kingdom) bound for Bastia from Liverpool was rammed in dense fog by Norwegian barque Magdelen 30 miles SSW. She lost her mizzen mast and was towed to Penzance by steam trawler Buckhound.[49]
  • 20 September — barque Queen Mab ( United Kingdom) of Glasgow was 105 days out of Punta Arenas when she struck the Spanish Ledges. She was bound for Falmouth, with fustic log-wood and had passed the Wolf Rock on the 18th but was forced back by a strong, easterly gale. She was holed as she sailed over the Spanish Ledges and was then piloted by the St Agnes gig O & M to anchorage off the southern tip of Samson. Found to be taking in water, and under tow by the island's packet steamer Lyonesse, she was escorted to harbour with the assistance of the St Mary's and the St Agnes (James and Caroline) lifeboats. Thirteen local men manned the pumps for over five hours, and she made it to Hugh Town where she grounded at the harbour entrance. She was salvaged and left, on tow, for Falmouth and Le Havre on 7 October.[10][5][53]
  • 17 October — while entering Crow Sound on a journey from Glasgow to Nova Scotia with a general cargo, the Kilkeel hit the Hats. She was later refloated.[5]

1904[edit]

1906[edit]

  • 3 June — steam-trawler Magdalene ( France) of Boulogne, despite passing on the wrong side of the buoy while entering St Mary's Roads to seek medical assistance for an injured member of crew, managed to miss the Bartholmew Ledges. When leaving for sea the following day she again took the wrong route and this time struck the Ledges and sank two hours later.[10]
  • 5 June — steam-trawler General Roberts ( United Kingdom) of Hull sank after taking on water in the fishing grounds north of St Martin. Her crew abandoned ship in the punt and rowed towards Round Island.[5]
  • 22 July — 2126 ton King Line steamer King Cadwallon ( United Kingdom) bound for Naples with a cargo of coal from Barry, was lost on the Hard Lewis rocks to the east of St Martin's.[5][14][53]
  • 21 August — steam-trawler Grassholm damaged her bows on Great Minalto while trying to make anchorage during thick fog. She was on passage to Cardiff with fish. St Mary's Lifeboat Henry Dundas towed her to harbour.[5]

1907[edit]

  • 14 December — Thomas W. Lawson ( United States), the world's only seven-masted schooner going as bulk oil carrier in charter for the Anglo-American Oil Co. Bound for London from Philadelphia the huge schooner was caught in a northwest gale off the Isles of Scilly on the 13 December 1907. The ship foundered between the Crim Rocks and Meledgan, broke apart, capsized, and sank with a loss of 16 men including the Scillonian pilot on board. Only two men, the captain and engineer survived, found the following day on Meledgan by the son of the pilot who was out searching for his father.[53][61]

1909[edit]

  • 14 August — the Plympton struck the Lethegus' Ledge off St Agnes in thick fog. All the crew were saved but a man and boy from Hugh Town were lost when the boat went down without warning as they were unloading the cargo of grain which she was carrying from Villa Constitution to Dublin via Falmouth.[14][61]

1910[edit]

  • 18 April — SS Minnehaha, first-class liner hit Scilly Rock off Bryher in dense fog. Later refloated with no loss of life.[53]

1911[edit]

  • 8 January — Ardencraig ( United Kingdom) off the Gunners, abandoned by the crew and foundered about three o'clock in the afternoon in the North West Channel.[53][62]
  • 13 January — Georges of Auray was found, by the St Mary's lifeboat Henry Dundas on the 12th, at anchor near St Agnes with a light burning but no one on board. Out from Swansea for Trinite with 170 tons of coal she lost her sails in a gale and started to leak. Her crew abandoned and landed safely on St Agnes and she sank the next morning.[5]
  • 26 March — steamship Setiembre ( Spain) struck The Hats in Crow Sound and sank. She was a total loss despite her crew dumping her cargo of iron-ore overboard in an attempt to refloat her. Her boiler can still be seen above low water.[5]

1912[edit]

  • 8 December — steamer Antonios ( Greece) lost on Old Bess with the loss of her crew. The wrecked went unnoticed for three days until wreckage and thousands of oranges were washed up on St Agnes.[5]

1913[edit]

1914[edit]

  • 23 June — Gothland struck the Crim with a ″consignment of Belgium undesirables″ deported from the USA. The passengers were landed on St Mary's and later taken to Cornwall on the Lyonesse. The Gothland was refloated.[53]

World War I[edit]

1915[edit]

1916[edit]

1917[edit]

  • 11 May — two ships were wrecked on the same day during heavy fog, the SS Italia ( Italy), a steam collier was wrecked on the Great Wingletang Rock off St Agnes, and the SS Lady Charlotte, another collier, was lost, shortly before, at Porth Hellick on St Mary's. The Italia was carrying coal from Cardiff to Taranto and went aground at 15:30 and quickly sank. The only witness, a St Agnes girl was not believed and the wreckage that washed up was believed to belong to the Lady Charlotte. When the crew of the Italia reached St Mary's it was assumed that she had been torpedoed somewhere off the islands, as none of the crew could speak English. The Wingletang wreck was finally identified in 1964 when her serial number was found on the ship's patent log.[10]
  • 5 October — schooner Annie F. Conlon ( United States) was badly damaged by gunfire from a German submarine, and was towed to Crow Sound, where she began to break up. Her cargo of 455 casks of oil made £1,406 9s for her owners Marine Transport of Mobile, Alabama.[5]
  • 6 December — USS Jacob Jones ( United States Navy), American destroyer was hit in the stern by a torpedo while on convoy duty. She exploded killing her crew and sank within eight minutes 25 miles SE of the Bishop Rock.[5]

1918[edit]

  • 10 November — Admiralty tug Blazer ( United Kingdom) struck the Garrison. All her crew of 24 survived.[53]

1918–1939[edit]

1920[edit]

  • 2 December — SS Hathor ( Germany) wrecked on the Lethurges to the south of St Agnes. After breaking down near the Azores she was taken under tow by two German tugs who abandoned her in a gale off Scilly after the tow broke. Her crew was saved by lifeboat Elsie (RNLI FLAG.png Royal National Lifeboat Institution).[53] She lies on the wreck of the Plympton which sank on 14 August 1909.[5][14]

1921[edit]

  • 20 January — HMS K5, ( Royal Navy) British submarine, about 120 mi (190 km) south-west of the Isles of Scilly with the loss of fifty-seven lives.[65]
  • 11 July — SS The Western Front ( United States) foundered several miles west of the Isles of Scilly when she caught fire after an explosion. She was carrying 7,000 tons of naval stores, including naphtha, turpentine and resin from Jacksonville to London. One member of crew lost his life.[53]

1925[edit]

  • 21 March — steam-trawler Cité de Verdun ( France) struck Rosevear in a snowstorm. The crew of thirty landed, lit a fire and sent distress signals which were answered by the St Mary's lifeboat, Elsie (RNLI FLAG.png Royal National Lifeboat Institution). The nameboards of the trawler can still be seen in the Mermaid and Atlantic public houses on St Mary's.[5]
  • 12 June — steam-trawler Europe ( France) of Boulogne struck Rosevear in fog. As the tide rose the trawler floated off the rocks and made for Dunkirk with slight damage.[5]

1927[edit]

  • 27 October — SS Isabo ( Italy) with a cargo of grain foundered on Scilly Rock, west of Bryher. Three small boats Czar, Ivy and Sunbeam saved thirty-one men. Conditions deteriorated by the time lifeboat Elsie' (RNLI FLAG.png Royal National Lifeboat Institution) arrived and she had to leave four men clinging to the rigging, returning the next day to pick them up along with one on the Scilly Rock. (The account of the rescue differs with twenty-eight or thirty-six men saved out of a crew of thirty-eight).[41]
  • 26 December — sailing barge Daphne ( United Kingdom) of Rochester was abandoned by her crew and foundered one mile east of St Mary's with her main sail lost. With her jib set she sailed on into Crow Sound and grounded on Tresco. Three days later she was towed to St Mary's as salvage, repaired and returned to Rochester.[53]

1938[edit]

  • 12 September — Pasteur ( France), a fishing vessel from Camaret stranded on Hanjaque. She was a regular visitor to Scillonian and Cornish waters fishing for crayfish.[66] She was refloated on the next high tide.[5]

World War II[edit]

1939[edit]

1944[edit]

1945[edit]

  • 12 January 1945 — merchant ship torpedoed off Scilly.[67]
  • 21 January 1945 — U-1199 ( Kriegsmarine), German U-boat.[68]
  • 24 February 1945 — Oriskany, fruit cargo ship.
  • 24 February 1945 — U-1208 ( Kriegsmarine), German U-boat.[68][70]
  • 11 March 1945 — U-681 ( Kriegsmarine), hit either the Bishop Rock or the Crebinicks. She was badly damaged, tried to make for a neutral port in Ireland but was attacked by an American Liberator plane.[5] The crew scuttled her off Mincarlo[67][68] or 4 miles (6.4 km) to the north-east of the Isles of Scilly.[71]

1946–2000[edit]

1949[edit]

  • 6 October — the 6,300 ton Fantree (or Fantee) ( United Kingdom) of the Elder Dempster Line, en route from West Africa to Liverpool via Amsterdam and carrying a cargo of hardwood, palm kernels, palm oil, cocoa, rubber, cotton, coffee beans and copal struck the Seven Stones reef in dense fog. The 53 crew and passengers managed to launch the ship's two lifeboats and many of the mahogany logs were salvaged by local boatman.[15][72]

1951[edit]

  • 10 September — the Isles of Scilly packet steamer SS Scillonian ( United Kingdom) ran ashore on the Wingletang Rock in fog. She was later refloated and continued in service.[73] The 54 passengers were taken to Hugh Town by the company launch Kittern which went ashore on Rat Island damaging her rudder before finally making it to harbour.[10]

1955[edit]

  • 21 January — Mando ( Panama) a former liberty ship, previously known as Stepas Darius, drifted onto Golden Ball bar 0.5 miles west of St Helens when her engines failed. She was en route from Hampton Roads to Rotterdam with 9,000 tons of coal. The captain was initially reluctant to leave his ship and twenty-five crew were saved by the St Mary's lifeboat Cunard. A Scheduled Ancient Monument.[74]
  • 22 July 1955 — Panamanian registered steamer Punta ( Panama) drove onto the Seven Stones reef and was abandoned by her crew. She filled and sank soon afterwards.

1961[edit]

1970[edit]

  • 25 February — channel trawler Jean Gougy ( France) was lost on the Western Rocks. The exact location is unknown, but wreckage and a body were washed up on Tresco. The other thirteen crew were never found.
  • 15 April — the MV Poleire ( Cyprus) transporting zinc ore to Poland was wrecked on the Little Kettle Rock north of Tresco, and rapidly sank.[5]

1976[edit]

  • 29 September — the fish factory ship Rarau ( Romania) was wrecked on the Seven Stones, where she later sank, although the crew were all rescued.[72]

1977[edit]

  • 13 February — St Malo trawler Enfant du Bretagne ( France) was lost on Pednathise, within the Western Rocks at night. The lifeboat came within hearing distance of the crew, but all drowned in the heavy seas before they could be brought aboard.[5]

1979[edit]

  • August — Fastnet race, many racing yachts sank in extreme weather

1997[edit]

MV Cita
  • 26 March — MV Cita ( Antigua and Barbuda), German owned cargo ship wrecked at Newfoundland Point, St Mary's. She was en route to Ireland and on automatic pilot whilst the crew slept. The St Mary's lifeboat took all nine Polish crew ashore.[14][75]
  • 16 May — passenger ship MS Albatros ( Bahamas, sustained 200-foot gash, later repaired

1999[edit]

2000[edit]

Since 2001[edit]

2005[edit]

  • 4 July — trawler Sauveterre ( France) sank sixty miles off the Isles of Scilly[41]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Larn, Richard; Larn Bridget (1997). Shipwreck Index of the British Isles. London: Lloyd's Register of Shipping. 
  2. ^ "Record wreck 'found off Cornwall'". BBC. 19 May 2007. Retrieved 13 December 2011. 
  3. ^ Stevens, Todd (Summer 2011). "Shipwrecks of the Simon Bayly Chart of 1680". Scillonian (273): 204–213. 
  4. ^ Lettens, Jan. "HMS Sapphire (+1671)". wrecksite. Retrieved 27 June 2012. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct cu cv cw cx cy cz da db dc dd de df dg dh di dj dk dl dm dn do dp dq dr ds dt du dv dw dx dy dz ea eb ec ed ee ef eg eh ei ej ek el em en eo ep eq er es et eu ev Larn, Richard (1992). The Shipwrecks of the Isles of Scilly. Nairn: Thomas & Lochar. ISBN 0-946537-84-4. 
  6. ^ "Monument No. 880095". Pastscape. English Heritage. Retrieved 20 December 2012. 
  7. ^ Woodley, George (1822). A view of the present state of Scilly islands. Truro: J Carthew County Library. 
  8. ^ Sobel, Dava, Longitude: The True Story of a Lone Genius Who Solved the Greatest Scientific Problem of His Time, Fourth Estate Ltd., London 1998, p. 6, ISBN 1-85702-571-7
  9. ^ "Monument No. 880110". Pastscape. English Heritage. Retrieved 20 December 2012. 
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v Larn, Richard (1971). Cornish Shipwrecks – The Isles of Scilly. Newton Abbot: David & Charles. 
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Further reading[edit]

  • Arlott, John (1972) Island Camera: the Isles of Scilly in the photography of the Gibson family; in collaboration with Rex Cowan and Frank Gibson. Newton Abbot: David & Charles ISBN 0-7153-5774-3
  • Du Boulay, Juliet (1959) "Wrecks of the Isles of Scilly", in The Mariner's Mirror; 1959
  • Larn, Richard & Carter, Clive (1969) Cornish Shipwrecks. 3 vols. Newton Abbot: David & Charles, 1969–71
  • Noall, Cyril (1968) Cornish Lights and Shipwrecks. Truro: D. Bradford Barton
  • Scilly Museum Shipwrecks Around the Isles of Scilly.
  • Vivian, John (1969) Tales of the Cornish Wreckers. Truro: Tor Mark Press
  • Cumming, Ed (2010) Shipwreck & Ship Incidents. www.scillypedia.co.uk
  • Larn, Richard & Carter, Clive (1993) Shipwrecks of the Scilly Isles. Shipwreck & Marine. ISBN 0-946537-84-4.
  • Fowles, John (1974) Shipwreck; photography by the Gibsons of Scilly. London: Jonathan Cape ISBN 0-224-01053-0
  • See further literature and details: ScillyMaritime.co.ukShipwrecks UK