List of shotokan techniques

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This is a list of techniques practiced in the Shotokan style of karate.

Stances (Tachi Waza)[edit]

  1. fudo dachi: rooted stance
  2. hachiji dachi: natural stance
  3. hangetsu dachi: half-moon stance
  4. heisoku dachi: informal attention stance
  5. kiba dachi: horse stance / side stance
  6. kokutsu dachi: back stance
  7. kosa dachi: cross-legged stance
  8. neko ashi dachi: cat stance
  9. renoji dachi: L-stance (e.g. in the kata, Heian godan)
  10. sanchin dachi: hourglass stance
  11. katashi dachi: crane-like stance (e.g. in the kata Enpi)
  12. tsuru ashi dachi: crane stance (e.g. in the kata Gankaku)
  13. zenkutsu dachi: front stance
  14. yoi dachi: basic stance
  15. musubi dachi: both heels touching and feet at 45 degree angle

Preparatory positions[edit]

  1. koshi gamae: hip preparatory position
  2. manji gamae: "manji (卍)" -shaped preparatory position, one arm raised above and behind the head with the other arm blocking low in front of the body (e.g., in the kata, Heian godan)
  3. manji uke: "manji (卍)"-shaped block
  4. ryoken koshi gamae: double hip preparatory position (e.g. in the kata, Heian sandan)
  5. morote koko gamae: double handed preparatory position (e.g. in the kata, Enpi)

Blocking techniques (Uke-waza)[edit]

Using the arms[edit]

  1. age-uke: rising block
  2. empi uke: elbow block (e.g. in the kata, Heian sandan)
  3. gedan barai: sweeping low block
  4. gedan morote barai: double sweeping low block (usually while going into kiba dachi)
  5. haiwan uke: square side block (e.g. in the kata, Heian nidan)
  6. juji uke: x block
  7. kaisho age uke: open-palm rising block
  8. kaisho haiwan uke: knife-hand square side block (e.g. in the kata, Heian yondan)
  9. kaisho juji uke: open-palm x block (e.g. in the kata, Heian godan)
  10. kakiwake uke: floating x block (e.g. in the kata, Heian yondan)
  11. morote uke: double forearm block (e.g. in the kata, Heian sandan)
  12. nagashi uke: rising palm sweep block (e.g. in the kata, Tekki shodan)
  13. osae uke: palm block
  14. otoshi uke: dropping forearm block
  15. shuto age uke: rising knife-hand block
  16. shuto gedan barai: knife-hand sweeping low block
  17. shuto uke: knife hand block
  18. shuto mawashi uke (roundhouse block with knife-hand)
  19. soto uke: outside forearm block
  20. sukui uke: scooping block
  21. tate shuto uke: half knife-hand block
  22. te osae uke: dropping palm block
  23. uchi ude uke: inside forearm block
  1. gyako uchi uke: reverse outside mid-level (e.g. in the kata, Heian nidan)
  2. ude barai: reverse sweeping forearm block
  3. kami tsukami: hair grab (e.g. in the kata, Enpi)
  4. usiro gedan barai: back low sweeping block (e.g. in the kata, Enpi)

Using the legs[edit]

  1. ashikubi kake uke: hooking ankle block
  2. mika zuki geri uke: crescent kick block (e.g. in the kata, Heian godan)
  3. nami ashi, a.k.a. nami gaeshi: leg snapping wave block (e.g. in the kata, Tekki shodan)
  4. sokutei osae uke: pressing sole block
  5. sokuto osae uke: pressing footedge block

Striking techniques (Uchi-waza)[edit]

  1. Age empi: Rising elbow strike
  2. Age Tsuki: Rising Punch
  3. Choku zuki: Straight punch
  4. chudan juki(originally,"tsuki"): mid-level punch
  5. Empi uchi: Elbow strike
  6. Gyaku zuki: Reverse punch
  7. Haishu uchi: Back hand strike
  8. Haito uchi: Ridge hand strike
  9. Hisami zuki: Scissor strike
  10. Jun Zuki: front hand 'jab' punch, differing from Kizami Zuki in that shoulders are square
  11. Kagi zuki: Hook punch
  12. Kizami zuki: jabbing punch (like a 'jab')
  13. Mae mawashi empi uchi: Augmented side elbow strike (e.g. in the kata, Heian yondan)
  14. Mawashi empi: Hook elbow strike
  15. Morote zuki: Double punch (e.g. in the kata, Tekki shodan)
  16. Nakadaka Ippon Ken : one knuckle fist
  17. Nukite: Spear-hand strike
  18. Oi zuki: Stepping punch
  19. Sanbon zuki: Triple punch (age zuki, gyaku zuki, choku zuki)
  20. Shuto uchi: Knifehand strike
  21. Shuto yoko ganmen uchi (knife-hand strike to head)
  22. Shuto sakotsu uchikomi (driving knife-hand to sternum)
  23. Shuto sakotsu uchi (knife-hand strike to clavicle)
  24. Shuto hizo uchi (knife-hand strike to spleen)
  25. Shuto jodan uchi uchi (inside knife-hand to neck)
  26. Sokumen empi uchi: Augmented elbow strike (e.g. in the kata, Tekki shodan)
  27. Tate zuki: Half reverse punch, with a vertical fist
  28. Teisho furi uchi: Sideways palm-heel strike
  29. Teisho uchi: Palm-heel strike
  30. Tettsui: Hammer-fist strike
  31. Tettsui hasami uchi: Hammer-fist scissor strike
  32. Tettsui yoko uchi (bottom fist strike to side)
  33. Uraken uchi: Backfist strike
  34. Uraken mawashi uchi (backfist circular strike to the head)
  35. Uraken sayu ganmen uchi (backfist strike to side)
  36. Uraken hizo uchi (backfist strike to spleen)
  37. Ushiro empi ate (backwards elbow strike)
  38. Ura zuki: Close short punch, with inverted fist, similar in nature to an 'uppercut'
  39. Ushiro empi: Back elbow strike
  40. Yama zuki ("mountain punch"): Wide double fisted strike (e.g. in the kata, Bassai dai and Wankan)
  41. Awase zuke: Narrow double fisted strike
  42. Yoko empi: Side elbow strike
  43. Yoko tettsui: Sideways hammer-fist strike (e.g. in the kata, Heian nidan)
  44. Gyaku age zuki: Rising reverse punch (e.g. in the kata, Enpi)

Kicking techniques (Geri-waza)[edit]

  1. Ashi barai: Foot sweep
  2. Fumikomi: Stomp kick
  3. Hiza geri: Knee strike
  4. Kin geri: Kick in the groin, performed like front kick but with the feet
  5. Mae-ashi mae geri, a.k.a. choku geri: Front kick with front leg
  6. Mae-ashi mawashi geri: Front roundhouse kick with front leg
  7. Mae geri: Front kick
  8. Mae Hiza geri: Front knee kick
  9. Mae-ren geri: Double front kick (= double mae geri)
  10. Mae tobi geri: Front flying kick
  11. Mawashi geri: Roundhouse kick
  12. Mawashi hiza geri: Circular knee kick
  13. Mikazuki geri: Crescent kick
  14. Nidan tobi geri: Double jump front kick
  15. Tobi geri: Jump kick
  16. Tobi hiza geri: Jumping knee kick
  17. Tobi ushiro mawashi geri: Jumping reverse roundhouse kick
  18. Ura mawashi geri: Upper inside roundhouse kick, a.k.a. hook kick
  19. Ushiro geri: Back kick
  20. Ushiro mawashi geri : Reverse roundhouse kick
  21. Ushiro kekomi: Back side thrust kick
  22. Otoshi Mawashi Geri: Circular falling kick
  23. Yoko geri keage: Side snap kick
  24. Yoko geri kekomi: Side thrust kick
  25. Yoko tobi geri: Jumping side kick
  26. yoni tsokia: Ducking leg hook[1]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ John Van Weenen (1987). John van Weenen, Advanced Shotokan Karate Kata. Vine House. p. 196. ISBN 0-9517660-1-5.