List of sieges of Constantinople

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For the final siege of Constantinople, see Fall of Constantinople.
The 1453 Siege of Constantinople (painted 1499)

There were several sieges of Constantinople during the history of the Byzantine Empire. Two of them resulted in the capture of Constantinople from Byzantine rule: in 1204 by Crusaders, and in 1453 by the Ottoman Empire under Mehmed II.

Persian and Arab Sieges of Constantinople[edit]

Sieges by Bulgaria and the Rus'[edit]

Sieges and attacks during Byzantine civil wars[edit]

Crusades[edit]

Main article: Fourth Crusade

Nicaean sieges[edit]

  • Siege of Constantinople (1235), by Bulgarian and Nicaean forces, unsuccessful
  • A Nicaean attack on Constantinople is implied by George Akropolites's account for 1248, but no details are known
  • Siege of Constantinople (1260), by the Empire of Nicaea, unsuccessful
  • In 1261, a small force of Nicaean troops under Alexios Strategopoulos gained entry into the poorly defended Latin capital, ending the Latin Empire and restoring Byzantine rule to the City. Most Latin troops defending the city were absent on campaign, and the Emperor fled without putting up any resistance; there was no siege.

Ottoman sieges[edit]

See also[edit]