List of sites in Jinan

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The following is a list of sites in Jinan. It contains sites of natural, cultural, economic, political, or historical significance in the City of Jinan, Shandong, China. The geographical area covered by this list includes not only the urban area of Jinan proper but all counties (including the county-level city of Zhangqiu) and districts that are under the administration of Jinan City.

Springs[edit]

Mo Spring (Baimai Springs)

The most renowned springs in Jinan are included in the list of the "seventy-two famous springs" (Chinese: ; pinyin: shíèr Míng Quán). This list has been kept and updated since the times of the Jin, Ming, and Qing Dynasties. The following sites are on the current list (Chinese: ; pinyin: Xīn shíèr Míng Quán) of the 72 famous springs:

  1. Baotu Spring (Chinese: ; pinyin: Bào Quán, also "Jet Spring" or "Spurting Spring", west of the city center, 36°39′38.52″N 117°0′33.84″E / 36.6607000°N 117.0094000°E / 36.6607000; 117.0094000)
  2. Jinxian Spring (Chinese: 线; pinyin: Jīnxiàn Quán, in Baotu Spring Park)
  3. Huanghua Spring (Chinese: ; pinyin: Huánghuá Quán, in Baotu Spring Park)
  4. Liuxu Spring (Chinese: ; pinyin: Liŭ Quán, in Baotu Spring Park)
  5. Woniu Spring (Chinese: ; pinyin: niú Quán, literally "lying cattle spring", in Baotu Spring Park)
  6. Shuyu Spring (Chinese: ; pinyin: Shù Quán, in Baotu Spring Park)
  7. Mapao Spring (Chinese: ; pinyin: páo Quán, in Baotu Spring Park)
  8. Wuyou Spring (Chinese: ; pinyin: yōu Quán, literally "carefree spring", in Baotu Spring Park)
  9. Shiwan Spring (Chinese: ; pinyin: Shíwān Quán, in Baotu Spring Park)
  10. Zhanlu Spring (Chinese: ; pinyin: Zhàn Quán, in Baotu Spring Park)
  11. Manjing Spring (Chinese: ; pinyin: Mǎnjǐng Quán, in Baotu Spring Park)
  12. Dengzhou Spring (Chinese: ; pinyin: Dēngzhōu Quán, in Baotu Spring Park)
  13. Dukang Spring (Chinese: ; pinyin: kāng Quán, in Baotu Spring Park)
  14. Wangshui Spring (Chinese: ; pinyin: Wàngshuǐ Quán, in Baotu Spring Park)
  15. Pearl Spring (Chinese: ; pinyin: Zhēnzhū Quán, namesake of a spring group, in the city center, 36°40′1.6″N 117°1′8″E / 36.667111°N 117.01889°E / 36.667111; 117.01889)
  16. Sanshui Spring (Chinese: ; pinyin: Sǎnshuǐ Quán, in Pearl Spring group)
  17. Brook Pavilion Spring (Chinese: ; pinyin: tíng Quán, in Pearl Spring group)
  18. Chu Spring (Chinese: ; pinyin: Chŭ Quán, in Pearl Spring group)
  19. Zhuoying Spring (Chinese: ; pinyin: Zhuóyīng Quán, also known as the Palace Pool, Chinese: ; pinyin: Wáng Chí, 36°40′2.20″N 117°1′3.87″E / 36.6672778°N 117.0177417°E / 36.6672778; 117.0177417)
  20. Jade Ring Spring (Chinese: ; pinyin: huán Quán, on Shengfuqian Street, in the historical city center)
  21. Water Lily Spring (Chinese: ; pinyin: róng Quán, address: No. 69 Water Lily Street, Chinese: ; pinyin: róng Jiē, in the historical city center)
  22. Shunjing Spring (Chinese: ; pinyin: Shùnjǐng Quán, on Shunjing Street)
  23. Flying Dragon Spring (Chinese: ; pinyin: Téngjiāo Quán, at northern end of Wangfu Chizi Road)
  24. Double Loyalty Spring (Chinese: ; pinyin: Shuāngzhōng Quán, on Shuangzhongci Street)
  25. Black Tiger Spring (Chinese: ; pinyin: Hēi Quán, on the south moat, 36°39′43.8″N 117°1′38″E / 36.662167°N 117.02722°E / 36.662167; 117.02722)
  26. Pipa Spring (Chinese: ; pinyin: Quán, next to the southern moat in Huancheng Park, 36°39′43.57″N 117°1′34.43″E / 36.6621028°N 117.0262306°E / 36.6621028; 117.0262306)
  27. Manao Spring (Chinese: ; pinyin: nǎo Quán, south of Liberation Pavilion in Huancheng Park)
  28. Hundred Rocks Spring (Chinese: ; pinyin: Báishí Quán, at the foot of Liberation Pavilion in Huancheng Park)
  29. Nine Women Spring (Chinese: ; pinyin: Jiŭ Quán, at the foot of the Liberation Pavilion in Huancheng Park)
  30. Five Dragon Pool (Chinese: ; pinyin: Lóng Tán, namesake of a spring group, west of the city center, 36°39′54.36″N 117°0′30.96″E / 36.6651000°N 117.0086000°E / 36.6651000; 117.0086000)
  31. Gu Wen Spring (Chinese: ; pinyin: Wēn Quán, in the Five Dragon Pool spring group)
  32. Xianqing Spring (Chinese: ; pinyin: Xiánqīng Quán, in the Five Dragon Pool spring group)
  33. Tianjing Spring (Chinese: ; pinyin: Tiānjìng Quán, in the Five Dragon Pool spring group)
  34. Yueya Spring (Chinese: ; pinyin: Yuè Quán, in the Five Dragon Pool spring group)
  35. Ximizhi Spring (Chinese: 西; pinyin: zhī Quán, in the Five Dragon Pool spring group)
  36. Guanjiachi Spring (Chinese: ; pinyin: Guānjiā Quán, in the Five Dragon Pool spring group)
  37. Huima Spring (Chinese: ; pinyin: Huí Quán, in the Five Dragon Pool spring group)
  38. Qiuxi Spring (Chinese: ; pinyin: Qiú Quán, in the Five Dragon Pool spring group)
  39. Jade Spring (Chinese: ; pinyin: Quán, in the Five Dragon Pool spring group)
  40. Lian Spring (Chinese: ; pinyin: Lián Quán, in the Five Dragon Pool spring group)
  41. Hua Spring (Chinese: ; pinyin: Huá Quán, on the foot of Hua Hill,36°43′28.02″N 117°3′51.37″E / 36.7244500°N 117.0642694°E / 36.7244500; 117.0642694)
  42. Jiangshui Spring (Chinese: ; pinyin: Jiāngshuǐ Quán, in Jiangshui Spring Village)
  43. Inkstone Spring (Chinese: ; pinyin: Yànchí Quán, at the foot of Yanchi Mountain, Yaojia County)
  44. Ganlu Spring (Chinese: ; pinyin: Gān Quán; literally: "Sweet Dew Spring", on the site of the Kaiyuan Temple, Fohui Mountain)
  45. Linji Spring (Chinese: ; pinyin: Lín Quán, in the Dragon Cave area)
  46. Doumu Spring (Chinese: ; pinyin: Dòu Quán, in Doumuquan Village)
  47. Wuying Pool (Chinese: ; pinyin: yǐng Tán, literally "Shadeless Pool", Wuyingshan Road, Tianqiao District)
  48. Bai Spring (Chinese: ; pinyin: Bái Quán, in Zhifang Village, Wangsheren County)
  49. Yong Spring (Chinese: ; pinyin: Yŏng Quán, in Liubu National Forest Park)
  50. Kuju Spring (Chinese: ; pinyin: Quán, in Yuanhong Valley, Liubu County)
  51. Summer Vacation Spring (Chinese: ; pinyin: shŭ Quán, in Yuanhong Valley, Liubu County)
  52. Tu Spring (Chinese: ; pinyin: Quán, in Tu Spring Village, Liubu County)
  53. Niyu Spring (Chinese: ; pinyin: Quán, in Niyu Spring Village, Liubu County)
  54. Great Spring (Chinese: ; pinyin: Quán, in Jinxiuchuan Village)
  55. Sacred Water Spring (Chinese: ; pinyin: Shèngshuǐ Quán, in the Red Leaves Valley)
  56. Duanhua Spring (Chinese: ; pinyin: Duànhuá Quán, in the "Jiuding Pagoda Park of Minority Customs")
  57. Jade River Spring (Chinese: ; pinyin: Quán, formerly "Yuke Spring", in Yuhequan Village, Licheng District)
  58. Baimai Spring (Chinese: ; pinyin: Bǎi Mài Quán, namesake of a spring group, 36°43′1.73″N 117°31′57.96″E / 36.7171472°N 117.5327667°E / 36.7171472; 117.5327667)
  59. East Mawan Spring (Chinese: ; pinyin: Dōngwān Quán, in Baimai Springs Park)
  60. West Mawan Spring (Chinese: 西; pinyin: wān Quán, on Huiquan Road, Zhangqiu City)
  61. Mo Spring (Chinese: ; pinyin: Quán, in Baimai Springs Park)
  62. Plum Blossom Spring (Chinese: ; pinyin: Méihuā Quán, in Baimai Springs Park)
  63. Jingming Spring (Chinese: ; pinyin: Jìngmíng Quán, also called Mingshui Spring, in Zhangqiu City)
  64. Cassock Spring (Chinese: ; pinyin: Jiāshā Quán, also called Dugu Spring, at the Lingyan Temple)
  65. Zhuoxi Spring (Chinese: ; pinyin: Zhuó Quán, at the Lingyan Temple)
  66. Qingling Spring (Chinese: ; pinyin: Qīnglíng Quán, on Wufeng Mountain)
  67. Tanbao Spring (Chinese: ; pinyin: Tánbào Quán, at the Lingyan Temple)
  68. Xiaolu Spring (Chinese: ; pinyin: Xiǎo Quán, in Changqing District)
  69. Hongfan Pond (Chinese: ; pinyin: Hóng Fàn Chí, namesake of a spring group, in Pingyin County, 36°5′57.12″N 116°16′54.66″E / 36.0992000°N 116.2818500°E / 36.0992000; 116.2818500)
  70. Academy Spring (Chinese: ; pinyin: Shūyuàn Quán, also called "Dongliu Spring", Hongfan Pond Village, Pingyin County)
  71. Hu Spring (Chinese: ; pinyin: Quán, below th north cliff of Cuishan Mountain, Pingyin County)
  72. Livelihood Spring (Chinese: ; pinyin: yuè Quán, on Yuncui Mountain, Pingyin County)

Not included in the "Seventy-two famous springs":

Hills[edit]

Buddha statues on the Thousand Buddha Mountain

Nine Solitary Hills[edit]

The "Nine Solitary Hills" (Chinese: 座孤; pinyin: Jiŭ Zuò Shān) are a group of small solitary hills in the Yellow River valley within and to the north of Jinan City known for their scenic beauty:

Rivers, Streams, and Lakes[edit]

Yellow River with Que Hill in the background

Parks and Nature Reserves[edit]

Red Leaves Valley

Museums and Libraries[edit]

Archaeological Sites[edit]

Marker at the Chengziya Archaeological Site

Religious Sites[edit]

Confucian Temple in November 2008

Monuments[edit]

Historical Buildings[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Universities and colleges[edit]

Cultural Venues[edit]

Sports Venues[edit]

Public Roads and Squares[edit]

Qushuiting Street in November 2008

Eight Sceneries of Jinan[edit]

Historically, eight sceneries in Jinan have been renowned for their beauty; they are known as the "Eight Sceneries of Jinan" (Chinese: ; pinyin: nán Jǐng). The eight sceneries are defined not only by location, but also other factors such as season and weather:

  1. Early spring at Jingping Cliff (Chinese: ; pinyin: Jǐn píng chūn xiǎo; literally: "Brocade screen [cliff] spring dawn")
  2. Baotu Spring gushing into the air (Chinese: ; pinyin: Bào téng kōng)
  3. Appreciating chrysanthemums at Buddha Hill (Fohui Hill, not the nearby Thousand Buddha Mountain, Chinese: ; pinyin: shān shǎng )
  4. Mist at Que and Hua Hills (Chinese: ; pinyin: Que huá yān )
  5. Sunset at Huibo Building (at Daming Lake, Chinese: ; pinyin: Huì wǎn zhào, also Chinese: ; pinyin: Huì wǎn zhào)
  6. Boating on Daming Lake (Chinese: ; pinyin: Míng fàn zhōu)
  7. Snow reflections at the White Clouds Building (next to the Pearl Spring, Chinese: ; pinyin: Bái yún xuě )
  8. Autumn wind at Lixia Pavilion (on an island in Daming Lake, Chinese: ; pinyin: xià qiū fēng)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]