List of slums

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Slums built on swamp land near a garbage dump in East Cipinang, Jakarta, Indonesia.
A slum in Delhi, India in 1973
A slum in Manila, Philippines
A Villa Miseria in Argentina
A favela in Brazil

This is a list of slums in the world. A slum as defined by the United Nations agency UN-HABITAT, is a run-down area of a city characterized by substandard housing, squalor, and lacking in tenure security. According to the United Nations, the percentage of urban dwellers living in slums decreased from 47 percent to 37 percent in the developing world between 1990 and 2005.[1] However, due to rising population, and the rise especially in urban populations, the number of slum dwellers is rising. One billion people worldwide live in slums[2] and the figure is projected to grow to 2 billion by 2030.[3]

Africa[edit]

Egypt[edit]

Ghana[edit]

Taxi drivers waiting for fares near the beachfront slum in Accra's Jamestown

Kenya[edit]

A view of Kibera

Liberia[edit]

Mauritania[edit]

Namibia[edit]

Nigeria[edit]

South Africa[edit]

A shantytown in Cape Flats

Swaziland[edit]

Asia[edit]

Bangladesh[edit]

China[edit]

Hong Kong[edit]

India[edit]

One of the entrances to Dharavi
Slum improvement in Delhi, 1983
Slum in Mumbai, 1979

Sri Lanka[edit]

Australia[edit]

Melbourne[edit]

  • Little Lon district – In the nineteenth century the area consisted of timber and brick cottages, shops and small factories and was home to an ethnically diverse and generally poor population. Today there are few reminders of the area's former notoriety.

Europe[edit]

A living area at the former Cardboard city

The following are former slum areas that have subsequently been either gradually developed or abruptly cleared and demolished.

England[edit]

Malta[edit]

Model of Valletta's Manderaggio before demolition
  • The Manderaggio, an area in Valletta that was a slum area from the 16th to 20th centuries. It was demolished in the 1950s and replaced by housing estates.

Scotland[edit]

  • Gorbals, Industrial area of Glasgow that used to have run-down makeshift housing

Serbia[edit]

  • Cardboard city – The Cardboard city was depopulated and demolished starting on August 31, 2009; following 4 years of unsuccessful attempts.

Spain[edit]

Turkey[edit]

Middle East[edit]

Pakistan[edit]

Yemen[edit]

North America[edit]

Cité Soleil, 2002
Housing development at Iztapalapa
A slum in the hillside at Ecatepec, Mexico

Haiti[edit]

Jamaica[edit]

United States[edit]

Mexico[edit]

  • Neza-Chalco-Izta in Mexico City, is a Ciudad Perdida, rated as the world's largest mega-slum in 2006. The area extends towards the municipalities of Chimalhuacan, Los Reyes to the west of Ixtapaluca and South of Neza and Ecatepec de Morelos north of Neza in the metropolitan area periphery and with Santa Marta Acatitla in the Distrito Federal's borough of Iztapalapa. Contrary to many slums in India, Brazil, Indonesia, Venezuela or Sub-Saharan Africa, these slums are urbanized and most inhabitants have access to basic amenities, however, the quality of basic amenities are debatable as the vast majority of people live under the poverty line, high crime rate, and in steep hills and grey block housing.

South America[edit]

Colombia[edit]

Brazil[edit]

Shanty towns in Brazil are referred to as favelas.

Cubatão[edit]

Minas Gerais[edit]

Rio de Janeiro[edit]

Rocinha is the largest hill favela in Rio de Janeiro. Although favelas are found in urban areas throughout Brazil, many of the more famous ones exist in Rio — a widely photographed city

São Paulo[edit]

Pernambuco[edit]

Bahia[edit]

  • Alagados (in Salvador)

Peru[edit]

Main article: List of slums in Peru

Pueblos jóvenes is the nickname given to the vast shanty towns that surround Lima and other cities of Peru. Many of these towns have developed into significant districts in Lima such as Villa El Salvador and Comas District, Lima.

Venezuela[edit]

Petare slum in Caracas

See also[edit]

A campamento in Chile


References[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Slums at Wikimedia Commons