List of software package management systems

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This is a list of software package management systems.

Binary installation / precompiled packages[edit]

Linux distributions[edit]

Mac OS X[edit]

  • Mac App Store, official digital distribution platform for Mac OS X applications, part of Mac OS X 10.7 and available as an update for Mac OS X 10.6
  • rudix, native, binary package-based way to extend the Unix portion of Mac OS X[citation needed]
  • Steam - a commercial package manager used primarily for games
  • Homebrew - package manager for OS X, based on Git
  • Fink - A port of dpkg, it is one of the earliest package managers for OS X
  • MacPorts - Formerly known as DarwinPorts
  • Joyent provide a repository of 10,000+ binary packages for OS X based on pkgsrc

iOS[edit]

  • App Store, official digital distribution platform for iOS applications
  • Cydia, a frontend to a port of apt to iOS, maintained by the jailbreak community.
  • Installous (defunct), a service for downloading "cracked" apps outside of the App Store. Following its takedown, many Installous alternatives sprung up, such as vShare and AppCake (the latter competing with Installous while it was still active).[1]

Android[edit]

  • Google Play, online software store developed by Google for Android OS devices that license the proprietary Google Application set.
  • GetJar, an independent mobile phone application store founded in Lithuania in 2004.
  • Amazon Appstore, alternative application store for Android devices.
  • SlideME, alternative application store for Android devices.
  • F-Droid, a free software client application and software repository used in Replicant.[2][3]

Microsoft Windows[edit]

  • Windows installer, the native method to install and remove applications
  • Cygwin — a free and open source software repository for the Windows operating system which provides many GNU/Linux tools and an installation tool with package manager.
  • Npackd (previously Windows Package Manager)[4] - a package manager for Windows written in C++ and released under the Apache License 2.0
  • Steam - a commercial package manager used primarily for games
  • Ninite - a proprietary package manager with check box selection for Windows with a beta version for Ubuntu.
  • NuGet - an open source package manager for the .NET Framework
  • Chocolatey - an open source package manager for Windows applications in the spirit of apt-get
  • NSIS - Nullsoft Scriptable Install System
  • wpkg - an open source package manager that handles Debian packages under Windows, it started as a clone of dpkg, also now it has many apt-get like features too

PC-BSD[edit]

  • PC-BSD uses files with the .pbi (Push Button Installer) filename extension which, when double-clicked, brings up an installation wizard program. Each PBI is self-contained and uses de-duplicated private dependencies to avoid version conflicts. An autobuild system tracks the FreeBSD ports collection and generates new PBIs daily. PC-BSD also uses the FreeBSD pkg binary package system, new packages are build approximately every 2 weeks from both a stable and rolling release branch of the FreeBSD ports tree.

Solaris[edit]

Amiga[edit]

  • AmiUpdate
  • MorphUp (MorphOS only)
  • Grunch

Haiku[edit]

Cross-platform[edit]

Sourcecode-based installation / installing using compile scripts[edit]

  • Portage and emerge are used by Gentoo Linux. They were inspired by the BSD ports system and use scripts called ebuilds to install software.
  • A recipe file contains information on how to download, unpack, compile and install a package in GoboLinux distribution using its Compile tool.
  • apt-build is used by distributions which use deb packages, allowing automatic compiling and installation of software in a deb source repository.
  • Sorcery is Sourcemage GNU/Linux's bash based package management program that automatically downloads software from their original site and compiles and installs it on the local machine.
  • ABS is used by Arch Linux to automate binary packages building from source or even other binary archives, with automatic download and dependency checking.

Mac OS X[edit]

  • fink, for Mac OS X, derives partially from dpkg/apt and partially from ports.
  • MacPorts, formerly called DarwinPorts, originated from the OpenDarwin project.
  • Homebrew, with close Git integration.

Hybrid systems[edit]

Meta package managers[edit]

The following unify package management for several or all Linux and sometimes Unix variants. These, too, are based on the concept of a recipe file.

  • Autopackage uses .package files.
  • epm, developed by Easy Software Products (creators of CUPS), is a "meta packager", that allows creation of native packages for all Linux and Unix operating systems (.deb, .rpm, .tgz for Linux, pkg for Solaris and *BSD, .dmg for OS X, ...) controlled from a single *.list file.
  • klik aims to provide an easy way to get software packages for most major distributions without the dependency problems so common in many other package formats.
  • Zero Install installs each package into its own directory and uses environment variables to let each program find its libraries. Package and dependency information is downloaded directly from the software authors' pages in an XML format, similar to an RSS feed.
  • PackageKit is a set of utilities and libraries for creating applications that can manage packages across multiple package managers using back-ends to call the correct program.

Proprietary software systems[edit]

A wide variety of package management systems are in common use today by proprietary software operating systems, handling the installation of both proprietary and free packages.

Application-level package managers[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]