List of sovereign states and dependent territories in Oceania

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Geopolitical Oceania in green. Smaller islands are not visible.

This is a list of sovereign states and dependent territories in Oceania. Although it is mostly ocean and spans many continental plates, Oceania is often listed with the continents.

This list follows the boundaries of geopolitical Oceania, which includes Australasia, Melanesia, Micronesia and Polynesia. The main continental landmass of Oceania is Australia.[1]

Geographical boundaries of Oceania[edit]

The boundary between Asia and Oceania is not clearly defined. The Malay Archipelago is sometimes included in a wider geographical definition of Oceania.[citation needed] Due to the cultural Melanesian line and the ecological Wallace Line, the eastern half of Indonesia and East Timor are sometimes considered to be part of Oceania while the rest of the archipelago is in Asia.[citation needed]

For political reasons, the United Nations considers the boundary between the two regions to be the Indonesian–Papua New Guineaian border.[2] Papua New Guinea is occasionally considered Asian as it neighbours Indonesia, but this is rare, and it is generally accepted to be part of Oceania. If the entire Malay archipelago is included as part of Oceania, then Brunei, East Timor, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore and the Philippines are also included.

United Nations member states[edit]

This section includes all sovereign states located in Oceania that are members of the United Nations.[3] All are full members of the Pacific Islands Forum,[4] although Fiji is suspended.[5]

Flag Map English short and formal names
[6][7][8]
Domestic short and formal names[6][7] Capital
[8][9][10]
Population
[11]
Area
[12]
Flag of Australia.svg
Australia (orthographic projection).svg Australia[note 1]

Commonwealth of Australia
English: Australia — Commonwealth of Australia Canberra

English: Canberra
23,268,319 7,741,220 km2 (2,988,902 sq mi)
Flag of Fiji.svg
LocationFiji.png Fiji

Republic of Fiji
English: Fiji — Republic of Fiji

Fijian: Viti — Matanitu ko Viti
Suva

English: Suva

Fijian: Suva
890,057 18,274 km2 (7,056 sq mi)
Flag of Kiribati.svg
LocationKiribati.png Kiribati

Republic of Kiribati
English: Kiribati — Republic of Kiribati

Gilbertese: Kiribati — Ribaberiki Kiribati
Tarawa

English: Tarawa
Bairiki

English: Bairiki
101,998 811 km2 (313 sq mi)
Flag of the Marshall Islands.svg
LocationMarshallIslands.png Marshall Islands

Republic of the Marshall Islands
English: Marshall Islands — Republic of the Marshall Islands

Marshallese: Aelōn in ̄ Maje ̧ļ
Majuro

English: Majuro
68,480 181 km2 (70 sq mi)
Flag of the Federated States of Micronesia.svg
LocationMicronesia.png Federated States of Micronesia / Micronesia English: Federated States of Micronesia Palikir

English: Palikir
106,487 702 km2 (271 sq mi)
Flag of Nauru.svg
LocationNauru.png Nauru

Republic of Nauru
English: Nauru — Republic of Nauru

Nauruan: Naoero
No official Capital
Government offices are in Yaren
9,378 21 km2 (8 sq mi)
Flag of New Zealand.svg
New Zealand (orthographic projection).svg New Zealand[note 2] English: New Zealand

Māori: Aotearoa
Wellington

English: Wellington
4,327,944 267,710 km2 (103,363 sq mi)
Flag of Palau.svg
Palau.png Palau

Republic of Palau
English: Palau — Republic of Palau

Palauan: Belau — Beluu er a Belau
Ngerulmud

English: Ngerulmud

Palauan: Ngerulmud
21,032 459 km2 (177 sq mi)
Flag of Papua New Guinea.svg
Papua New Guinea (orthographic projection).svg Papua New Guinea

Independent State of Papua New Guinea
English: Papua New Guinea — Independent State of Papua New Guinea

Tok Pisin: Papua Niugini — Independen Stet bilong Papua Niugini
Port Moresby

English: Port Moresby
6,310,129 462,840 km2 (178,704 sq mi)
Flag of Samoa.svg
LocationSamoa.png Samoa

Independent State of Samoa
English: Samoa — Independent State of Samoa

Samoan: Samoa — Malo Sa‘oloto Tuto'atasi o Samoa
Apia

English: Apia

Samoan: Apia
194,320 2,831 km2 (1,093 sq mi)
Flag of the Solomon Islands.svg
LocationSolomonIslands.png Solomon Islands English: Solomon Islands Honiara

English: Honiara
584,578 28,896 km2 (11,157 sq mi)
Flag of Tonga.svg
LocationTonga.png Tonga

Kingdom of Tonga
English: Tonga — Kingdom of Tonga

Tongan: Tonga — Pule'anga Tonga
Nukuʻalofa

English: Nuku'alofa

Tongan: Nuku'alofa
106,146 747 km2 (288 sq mi)
Flag of Tuvalu.svg
LocationTuvalu.png Tuvalu English: Tuvalu

Tuvaluan: Tuvalu
Funafuti

English: Funafuti
10,619 26 km2 (10 sq mi)
Flag of Vanuatu.svg
Map OC-Melanesia Revised by Tom Emphasizing Vanuatu.PNG Vanuatu

Republic of Vanuatu
Bislama: Vanuatu — Ripablik blong Vanuatu

English: Vanuatu — Republic of Vanuatu

French: Vanuatu — République de Vanuatu
Port Vila

Bislama: Port Vila

English: Port Vila

French: Port-Vila
256,155 12,189 km2 (4,706 sq mi)

States not members of the United Nations[edit]

The two entries in this section (Cook Islands and Niue) are states in free association with New Zealand. While maintaining a close constitutional and political relationship with New Zealand, both states are members of several United Nations specialized agencies with full treaty-making capacity, and have independently engaged in diplomatic relations with sovereign states under their own name. Both are also full members of the Pacific Islands Forum. Because of these features, they are sometimes considered to have de facto status as sovereign states.[13]

Flag Map English short and formal names[6] Status Domestic short and formal names Capital Population Area[12]
Flag of the Cook Islands.svg
LocationCookIslands.png Cook Islands[8] Self-governing in free association with New Zealand English: Cook Islands
Cook Islands Māori: Kūki 'Āirani
Avarua[8][9] 11,124[11] 236 km2 (91 sq mi)
Flag of Niue.svg
LocationNiue.png Niue[8] Self-governing in free association with New Zealand Niuean: Niuē

English: Niue
Alofi[8][9] 1,311[11] 260 km2 (100 sq mi)

Other territories[edit]

The following are entities considered to be within Oceania which are either:

1. Federal territories of sovereign states located outside these states' mainland.

2. Territories that constitute integral parts of sovereign states in some form other than a federal relationship, where a significant part of the sovereign state's landmass is located outside Oceania and/or the territory is located outside the sovereign state's mainland. Many of these territories are often described as dependencies.

3. Dependent territories of sovereign states.

Two of these territories (French Polynesia and New Caledonia) are associate members of the Pacific Islands Forum, while five others (American Samoa, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, Tokelau and Wallis and Futuna) hold observer status within the organization.

Flag Map English short and formal names[6] Status Domestic short and formal names Capital Population Area[12]
Flag of American Samoa.svg
LocationAmericanSamoa.png American Samoa

Territory of American Samoa[8]
Insular area of the United States English: American Samoa — Territory of American Samoa

Samoan: Amerika Sāmoa
Pago Pago[8][9] 67,242[11] 199 km2 (77 sq mi)
Flag of Australia.svg
AshmoreandCartierIslands.png Ashmore and Cartier Islands

Territory of Ashmore and Cartier Islands
Territory of Australia English: Ashmore and Cartier Islands Uninhabited Uninhabited 5 km2 (2 sq mi)
Flag of the United States.svg
Orthographic projection over Baker Island.png Baker Island United States Minor Outlying Island English: Baker Island Uninhabited Uninhabited 129.1 km2 (49.8 sq mi)
Flag of France.svg
CarteLocal.png Clipperton Island[note 3] French state private property French: Île Clipperton[6] Uninhabited Uninhabited 6 km2 (2 sq mi)
Flag of Australia.svg
Wyspy Morza Koralowego.png Coral Sea Islands

Coral Sea Islands Territory
Territory of Australia English: Coral Sea Islands — Coral Sea Islands Territory Uninhabited Uninhabited  3 km2 (1 sq mi)
Flag of Rapa Nui, Chile.svg
Orthographic projection centred over Easter Island.png Easter Island Special territory of Chile Spanish: Isla de Pascua

Rapa Nui: Rapa Nui
Hanga Roa
Flag of French Polynesia.svg
Location French Polynesia.png French Polynesia

Overseas Lands of French Polynesia[8]
Overseas country of France French: Polynésie française — Pays d'outre-mer de la Polynesie Francaise [6] Papeete[8][9] 294,935[11] 4,167 km2 (1,609 sq mi)
Flag of Guam.svg
LocationGuam.png Guam

Territory of Guam
Insular area of the United States English: Guam — Territory of Guam

Chamorro: Guahan[6]
Hagåtña / Agaña[8][9] 183,286[14] 544 km2 (210 sq mi)
Flag of Hawaii.svg
Hawaii in Pacific Ocean.png Hawaii

State of Hawaii
State of the United States English: Hawaii — State of Hawaii

Hawaiian: Hawaiʻi — Mokuʻāina o Hawaiʻi
Honolulu 1,404,054[11] 28,311 km2 (10,931 sq mi)
Flag of the United States.svg
Howland Island Locator1.png Howland Island United States Minor Outlying Island English: Howland Island Uninhabited Uninhabited 138.6 km2 (53.5 sq mi)
Flag of the United States.svg
Orthographic projection over Jarvis Island.png Jarvis Island United States Minor Outlying Island English: Jarvis Island Uninhabited Uninhabited 152 km2 (59 sq mi)
Flag of the United States.svg
LocationJohnstonAtoll.png Johnston Atoll United States Minor Outlying Island English: Johnston Atoll Uninhabited Uninhabited 276.6 km2 (106.8 sq mi)
Flag of Chile.svg
Orthographic projection centred over Juan Fernandez.png Juan Fernández Islands Special territory of Chile Spanish: Archipiélago Juan Fernández San Juan Bautista
Flag of the United States.svg
Orthographic projection over Kingman Reef.png Kingman Reef United States Minor Outlying Island English: Kingman Reef Uninhabited Uninhabited 1,958.01 km2 (755.99 sq mi)
Flag of the United States.svg
Orthographic projection centred over midway.png Midway Islands United States Minor Outlying Island English: Midway Islands Uninhabited Uninhabited 2,355.2 km2 (909.3 sq mi)
Flag of France.svg
Flag of New Caledonia.svg
LocationNewCaledonia.png New Caledonia

Territory of New Caledonia and Dependencies
Sui generis collectivity of France[8] French: Nouvelle-Calédonie — Territoire des Nouvelle-Caledonie et Dependances[6] Nouméa[8][9] 256,275[11] 18,575 km2 (7,172 sq mi)
Flag of Norfolk Island.svg
LocationNorfolkIsland.png Norfolk Island

Territory of Norfolk Island[8]
Self-governing integral Territory of Australia English: Norfolk Island — Territory of Norfolk Island

Norfuk: Norfuk Ailen
Kingston[8][9] 2,169[11] 36 km2 (14 sq mi)
Flag of the Northern Mariana Islands.svg
LocationNorthernMarianas.png Northern Mariana Islands

Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands[8]
Insular area of the United States English: Northern Mariana Islands — Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands

Chamorro: Islas Mariånas — Sankattan Siha Na Islas Mariånas
Saipan[8][9] 46,050[11] 464 km2 (179 sq mi)
Flag of Ogasawara, Tokyo.svg
Map of ogasawara islands ja.png Ogasawara village Part of Ogasawara village in Tokyo, Japan Bonin Islands: Japanese: 小笠原群島 (Ogasawara Islands)
Marcus Island: Japanese: 南鳥島 (Minamitorishima)
Nishino-shima Island: Japanese: 西之島 (Western Island)
Okinotori Islands: Japanese: 沖ノ鳥島 (Okinotorishima)
Volcano Islands: Japanese: 火山列島 (Kazan Rettō)
Uninhabited
Flag of the United States.svg
Orthographic projection over Palmyra Atoll.png Palmyra Atoll[6] United States Minor Outlying Island English: Palmyra Atoll Uninhabited
Flag of Indonesia.svg
IndonesiaPapua.png Papua Province of Indonesia Indonesian: Papua Jayapura
Flag of the Pitcairn Islands.svg
Pacific-Ocean-Pitcairn-Island-on-globe-view-English.jpg Pitcairn Islands

Pitcairn, Henderson, Ducie, and Oeno Islands
British overseas territory English: Pitcairn Islands — Pitcairn, Henderson, Ducie and Oeno Islands Adamstown[8][9] 48[11] 47 km2 (18 sq mi)
Flag of Tokelau.svg
LocationTokelau.png Tokelau[8] Dependent territory of New Zealand Tokelauan: Tokelau

English: Tokelau
Each Atoll has its own administrative centre[8][9] 1,384[11] 12 km2 (5 sq mi)
Flag of the United States.svg
LocationWakeIsland.png Wake Island United States Minor Outlying Island English: Wake Island Uninhabited Uninhabited 6.5 km2 (2.5 sq mi)
Flag of France.svg
LocationWallisAndFutuna.png Wallis and Futuna

Territory of the Wallis and Futuna Islands
Overseas collectivity of France French: Wallis et Futuna — Territoire des Iles Wallis et Futuna[6] Mata-Utu[8][9] 15,398[11] 142 km2 (55 sq mi)
Flag of Indonesia.svg
IndonesiaWestPapua.png West Papua Province of Indonesia Indonesian: Papua Barat Manokwari

See also[edit]

Oceania-related[edit]

Island countries[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Australia contains 4 external territories not associated with Oceania, the Cocos (Keeling) Islands and Christmas Island in Asia, and the Heard and McDonald Islands and the claimed Australian Antarctic Territory in the Antarctic.
  2. ^ New Zealand also claims territory in the Antarctic as the Ross Dependency.
  3. ^ Clipperton Island is often associated with North America.

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.dfat.gov.au/aib/island_continent.html
  2. ^ http://www.endpoverty2015.org/en/asia/news/marcos-diaz-crosses-oceania-asia-border-raise-awareness-mdgs/13/may/10
  3. ^ "United Nations Member States". United Nations. Retrieved 15 February 2012. 
  4. ^ "Member Countries". Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat. Retrieved 15 February 2012. 
  5. ^ "Forum Chair on suspension of Fiji military regime from PIF". Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat. 2 May 2009. Retrieved 15 February 2012. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Field Listing :: Names". CIA. Retrieved 15 August 2011. 
  7. ^ a b "UNGEGN List of Country Names". United Nations Group of Experts on Geographical Names. 2007. Retrieved 15 August 2011. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u "List of countries, territories and currencies". Europa. 9 August 2011. Retrieved 23 August 2011. 
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Field Listing :: Capital". CIA. Retrieved 23 August 2011. 
  10. ^ "UNGEGN World Geographical Names". United Nations Group of Experts on Geographical Names. 29 July 2011. Retrieved 23 August 2011. 
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Country Comparison :: Population". CIA. July 2012. Retrieved 2 September 2012. 
  12. ^ a b c "Field Listing :: Area". CIA. Retrieved 23 August 2011. 
  13. ^ http://researchcommons.waikato.ac.nz/bitstream/handle/10289/7589/thesis.pdf?sequence=3
  14. ^ "Guam". CIA. Retrieved 23 August 2011.