List of sovereign states in 1945

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Sovereign states by year
List of sovereign states in 1944 Events of 1945 List of sovereign states in 1946

This is a list of every sovereign state that existed in the year 1945 AD and their capitals. It includes not only those states which had widespread international recognition, but also those states which were generally unrecognized. In addition, it includes all non-sovereign territories which were not integral parts of sovereign states.

Sovereign states[edit]

Map of the world in 1945

League of Nations member states are indicated by [LoN]

United Nations member states are indicated by [UN]

A[edit]

B[edit]

  •  Belgium - Kingdom of Belgium [LoN to October 24], [UN from October 24]
    Capital: Brussels
  •  Bolivia - Republic of Bolivia [UN from November 13]
    Capital: Sucre (official), La Paz (administrative)
  •  Brazil - Republic of the United States of Brazil [UN from October 24]
    Capital: Rio de Janeiro
  • Bulgaria - Kingdom of Bulgaria [LoN]
    Capital: Sofia

C[edit]

  •  Canada - Dominion of Canada [LoN to November 9], [UN from November 9]
    Capital: Ottawa
  •  Chile - Republic of Chile [LoN to October 24], [UN from October 24]
    Capital: Santiago
  •  China - Republic of China ,[LoN to October 24] [UN from October 24]
    Capital: Chongqing (to September 2), Nanking (from September 2)
  •  Colombia - Republic of Colombia [LoN to November 5], [UN from November 5]
    Capital: Bogotá
  •  Costa Rica - Republic of Costa Rica [LoN to November 2], [UN from November 2]
    Capital: San José
  •  Cuba - Republic of Cuba [LoN to October 24], [UN from October 24]
    Capital: Havana
  •  Czechoslovakia - Czechoslovak Republic (from April 3) [UN from October 24]
    Capital: Prague

D[edit]

E[edit]

  •  Ecuador - Republic of Ecuador [LoN to December 21], [UN from December 21]
    Capital: Quito
  •  Egypt - Kingdom of Egypt [LoN to October 24], [UN from October 24]
    Capital: Cairo
  •  El Salvador - Republic of El Salvador
    Capital: San Salvador
  •  Ethiopia - Ethiopian Empire [LoN to November 13], [UN from November 13]
    Capital: Addis Ababa

F[edit]

  •  Finland - Republic of Finland [LoN]
    Capital: Helsinki
  • France France - Provisional Government of the French Republic [LoN to October 24], [UN from October 24]
    Capital: Paris

G[edit]

H[edit]

I[edit]

J[edit]

  •  Japan - Empire of Japan (to September 2)
    Capital: Tokyo

L[edit]

M[edit]

N[edit]

  • Nepal - Kingdom of Nepal
    Capital: Kathmandu
  •  Netherlands - Kingdom of the Netherlands (from May 5) [LoN to December 10], [UN from December 10]
    Capital: Amsterdam (official), The Hague (seat of government)
  • New Zealand New Zealand - Dominion of New Zealand (Dominion of the British Empire) [LoN to October 24], [UN from October 24]
    Capital: Wellington
  •  Nicaragua - Republic of Nicaragua [UN from October 24]
    Capital: Managua
  •  Norway - Kingdom of Norway (from May 9) [LoN to October 24], [UN from October 24]
    Capital: Oslo

P[edit]

  •  Panama - Republic of Panama [LoN to November 14], [UN from November 14]
    Capital: Panama City
  •  Paraguay - Republic of Paraguay [LoN to October 24], [UN from October 24]
    Capital: Asunción
  •  Peru - Peruvian Republic [UN from October 31]
    Capital: Lima
  • Poland Poland - Republic of Poland [LoN to October 24], [UN from October 24]
    Capital: Warsaw
  • Portugal Portugal - Portuguese Republic [LoN]
    Capital: Lisbon

R[edit]

S[edit]

T[edit]

  •  Thailand - Kingdom of Thailand [LoN]
    Capital: Bangkok
  •  Turkey - Republic of Turkey [LoN to October 24], [UN from October 24]
    Capital: Ankara

U[edit]

V[edit]

Y[edit]

Occupied states[edit]

Other states[edit]

In 1945, there were fourteen states which were not recognized as sovereign by a majority of countries.

  • Burma Burma - State of Burma (to March 27)
    Capital: Rangoon
    • De facto independent state under Japanese occupation. Recognized by the Axis powers and Vatican City. Claimed by the United Kingdom as part of the Indian Empire.
  •  Cambodia - Kingdom of Cambodia (from March 18 to October 16)
    Capital: Phnom Penh
    • De facto independent state under Japanese occupation. Recognized by Japan and her puppet states. Claimed by France as part of French Indochina.
  •  NDH - Independent State of Croatia (to May 8)
    Capital: Zagreb
    • De facto independent state. Recognized by the members of the Anti-Comintern Pact and Argentina. Claimed by Yugoslavia.
  • East Turkestan - East Turkestan Republic
    Capital: Ghulja
    • De facto independent state. Claimed by the Republic of China. Not recognized by any other state.
  • Hungary Hungary -Kingdom of Hungary (to March 8)
    Capital: Budapest
  •  Indonesia - Republic of Indonesia (from August 17)
    Capital: Djakarta
    • De facto independent state. Not recognized by any other state. Claimed by the Netherlands as dependency.
  •  Laos - Kingdom of Laos (from April 8 to September 23)
    Capital: Vientiane
    • De facto independent state under Japanese occupation. Recognized by Japan and her puppet states. Claimed by France as part of French Indochina.
  •  Manchukuo - Great Empire of Manchuria (to August 15)
    Capital: Hsinking
    • De facto independent state. Recognized by 23 of members of the League of Nations. Claimed by the Republic of China.
  • Taiwan Nanjing - Republic of China (to September 9)
    Capital: Nanking
    • De facto independent state. Recognized by the members of the Anti-Comintern Pact. Claimed by the Republic of China.
  • Second Philippine Republic  Philippines
  •  Salò Italy - Italian Social Republic (to April 25)
    Capital: Salò (de facto)
    • Puppet state under German occupation. Recognized by Germany and her puppet states. Claimed by the Kingdom of Italy.
  • Slovakia Slovakia - Slovak Republic (to April 4)
    Capital: Bratislava
    • De facto independent state under German "protection". Recognized by 15 other states. Claimed by Czechoslovakia.
  •  Tibet
    Capital: Lhasa
    • De facto independent state. Claimed by the Republic of China. Not recognized by any other state.
  • Vietnam  Vietnam
    • Empire of Vietnam (from March 11 to August 23)
      Capital: Huế
      • De facto independent state under Japanese occupation. Recognized by Japan and her puppet states. Claimed by France as part of French Indochina.
    • Democratic Republic of Vietnam (from September 2)
      Capital: Hanoi
      • De facto independent state. Claimed by France as part of French Indochina. Not recognized by any other state.

Non-Sovereign Territories[edit]

Australia[edit]

Belgium[edit]

Condominiums[edit]

Denmark[edit]

  • Denmark Greenland (Self-governing possession under United States protection, to May 5; possession, from May 5)
    Capital: Godthåb

France[edit]

Germany[edit]

Japan[edit]

League of Nations Mandates[edit]

Netherlands[edit]

New Zealand[edit]

Norway[edit]

Portugal[edit]

Soviet Union[edit]

Spain[edit]

United Kingdom[edit]

United States[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]