List of sovereign states in the 10th century BC

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The development of states—large-scale, populous, politically centralized, and socially stratified polities/socities governed by powerful rulers—marks one of the major milestones in the evolution of human societies. Archaeologists often distinguish between primary (or pristine) states and secondary states. Primary states evolved independently through largely internal developmental processes rather than through the influence of any other pre-existing state. The earliest known primary states appeared in Mesopatamia ca. 3700 B.C., in Egypt ca. 3300 B.C., in the Indus Valley ca. 2500 B.C., India ca 1700 B. C.,and in China ca. 1600 B.C. As they interacted with their less developed neighbors through trade, warfare, migration, and more generalized ideological influences, the primary states directly or indirectly fostered the emergence of secondary states in surrounding areas, for example, the Hittites in Anatolia, the Minoan and Mycenaean states of the Aegean , or the Nubian kingdoms in the Sudan. Professor Gil Stein at the University of Chicago Oriental Institute states The excavations and archaeological surveys of the last few decades have vastly increased both the quantity and quality of what we know about ancient states and urbanism. Archaeologists have broadened the scope of their research beyond the traditional focus on rulers and urban elites. Current research now aims at understanding the role of urban commoners, craft specialists, and village-based farmers in the overall organization of ancient states and societies. Given the immense geographical scope encompassed by the term “the Ancient World, [1]

. This is a list of cultures, civilizations and sovereign states that existed between 1000 BC to 901 BC.

Sovereign states[edit]

State Type Years Region
Adena Culture 1000 - 200 BC Meso-America
Ammon Kingdom c. 10th century BC - 332 BC Levant
Anga Kingdom 1350 - 550 BC India
Aram Damascus Kingdom 12th century - 734 BC Levant
Neo-Assyria Empire 934 - 609 BC Near East
Athens City State 1556 - 1068 BC Greece
Babylon Kingdom 1155 - 689 BC Near East
Caria Kingdom 11th - 6th century BC Anatolia
Cao Viscountcy 1053 - 457 BC China
Chorrera Culture 1800 - 300 BC South America
Chu Viscountcy 1030 - 223 BC China
D'mt Kingdom c. 980 - c. 400 BC North Africa
Dilmun Kingdom 2600 - 675 BC Arabia
Doris City States 1100 - 560 BC Anatolia
Elam Kingdom 2700 - 539 BC Iran
Ethiopia Empire 980 BC - 1974 East Africa
Epirus Kingdom 1183 - 168 BCE Balkans
Etruria Kingdom City States 1200 - 550 BC Italy
Gandhara Kingdom 1450 - 510 BC South Asia
Gojoseon Kingdom 2333 - 108 BCE East Asia
Israel Kingdom 930s - 720s BC Levant
Jin Marquisate 1042BC - 369 BC China
Judah Kingdom 930s - 586 BC Levant
Kalinga Kingdom 1260 - 374 BC India
Kuru Kingdom 1200 - 800BC India
Kush Kingdom 1070 BC - 350 East Africa
Lower Egypt Kingdom 1070 - 664 BC North Africa
Lycia Kingdom 1250 - 546 BC Anatolia
Lydia Kingdom 1200 - 546 BC Anatolia
Lu Dukedom 1042 - 249 BC China
Magadha Kingdom 1500 - 344 BC South Asia
Matsya Kingdom 1180 -318 BC India
Messenia Kingdom 1300 - 724 BC Greece
Mysia Kingdom 1320 -301 BC Anatolia
Olmec Kingdom City States 1400 - 400 BC Meso-America
Panchala Kingdom 1100 - 308 BC India
Phoenicia Kingdom City States 1200 - 536 BC Levant
Philistia City States 1174 - 732 BC Levant
Phrygia Kingdom 1200 - 700 BC Anatolia
Pundra Kingdom 1300 - 322 BC South Asia
Qi Dukedom 1046 - 241 BC China
Shang Kingdom 1600 - 1046 BC China
Song Dukedom 11th century - 286 BC China
Sparta Kingdom 1200 - 195 BC Greece
Sabaea Kingdom 1100 -275 BC Arabia
Israel and Judah United Kingdom 1030 - 931 BC Levant
Upper Egypt Kingdom 1070 - 664 BC North Africa
Văn Lang Kingdom 2879 - 258 BC South East Asia
Zhou Dynasty Kingdom 1045 - 256 BC China

References[edit]

  1. ^ Stein, Gil J (2001). Understanding Ancient State Societies in the Old World. New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Press. pp. pp 353–379.