List of sovereign states in the 11th century BC

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This is a list of sovereign states in the 11th century BC (BCE), giving an overview of states around the world during the period between 1 January 1100 BC (BCE) and 31 December 1001 BC (BCE). It contains 16 entries, arranged alphabetically, with information about the country.


Name and capital city Information about country


 Aram - Aram Damascus (from the late 12th century BCE)
Capital: Damascus
The state seems to have reached its peak in the late 9th century BCE under Hazael, who, according to Assyrian texts, fought against the Assyrians, and according to Aramaean texts, had some influence over the north Syrian state Unqi, and according to Hebrew texts, conquered all of Israel.

 Assyria - Semitic Akkadian Kingdom of Assyria (from the mid 23rd Century BCE)
Capital: Assur
After the fall of the Akkadian Empire c. 2154 BCE, it eventually coalesced into two separate nations; Assyria in the north, and some time later Babylonia in the south.


Capital: Babylon
After the fall of the Akkadian Empire c. 2154 BC, it eventually coalesced into two separate nations; Assyria in the north, and some time later Babylonia in the south.


 Caria - The Neo-Hittite Kingdom of Caria (from the 11th century BCE)
Capital: Halicarnassus
The coast of Caria was part of the Dorian hexapolis (six-cities) when the Dorians arrived after the Trojan War in the last and southernmost waves of Greek migration to western Anatolia's coastline and occupied former Mycenaean settlements such us Knidos and Halicarnassos (present-day Bodrum). Herodotus, the famous historian was born in Halicarnassus during the 5th century BC. But Greek colonization touched only the coast and the interior remained Carian organized in a great number of villages grouped in local federations.

 Chorrera - Chorrera Culture (from 1800 BCE) The hallmark of Chorrera culture is its ceramic traditions, which features whistling animal and plant effigy Stirrup spout vessel and human figurines made from molds.

 Chu - State of Chu (from 1030 BCE)
Capital: Danyang (Chu)
According to legend, the ancestors of the founders of the State of Chu were a clan descended from Zhuanxu also known as Gaoyang (高阳/高陽)(currently in China), grandson of the Yellow Emperor. In its early years, Chu was a successful expansionist and militaristic state that developed a reputation for coercing and absorbing its allies. Chu grew from a small, dependent state into a large kingdom worthy of contention, even attaining the traditional title of one of the Five Hegemons.


 Egypt The New Kingdom of Egypt was Egypt’s most prosperous time and marked the peak of its power. Due to the beginning of the Third Intermediate Period, power was soon lost, and Kush declared independence.

 Elam - Neo-Elamite period (from 2700 BCE)
Capital: Susa
Elam was an ancient civilization located in southwest Iran, in the provinces of Khuzestan and Ilam.


 Gojoseon – Kingdom of Gojoseon (from 2333 BCE)
Capital: Liaoyang
Ancient kingdom of Korea. Liaoning is located in the southern part of China's Northeast. The governments headed by various people such as the Korean kingdoms as Gojoseon, Goguryeo, Balhae, the Chinese as Yan (state), Han Dynasty, and the Nomadic peoples as Donghu, Xianbei, Khitan and Jurchen ruled Liaoning.


 Kush – Kingdom of Kush (from 1070 BCE)
Capital: Kerma
Became independent from Egypt.


 Olmec (from 1400 BCE)
Capital: San Lorenzo Tenochtitlán
South Mexican civilization of Olmec.


 Qi – State of Qi (from 1046 BCE)
Capital: Ancient Linzi
A successor of the Shang Dynasty. Area in modern day China.


 Shang – Shang Dynasty (from 1600 BCE to 1046 BCE)
Capital: Zhaoge (to 1301 BCE), Yinxu (from 1301 BCE to 1046 BCE)
A successor to the Xia Dynasty. Area in modern day China.


 United Monarchy – United Kingdom of Israel and Judah (from 1030 BCE)
Capital: Gibeah (from 1030 BCE to 1010 BCE), Mahanaim (from 1010 BCE to 1008 BCE), Hebron (from 1008 BCE to 1003 BCE), Jerusalem (from 1003 BCE)
The United Monarchy was a Kingdom during the Iron Age, comprising parts of modern day Israel, Jordan, Palestine, and Lebanon


 Văn Lang - Hồng Bàng dynasty or Lạc Dynasty (from 2879 BCE)
Capital: Phong Châu
Ancient Vietnamese nation that had 15 regions in northern Vietnam, and is considered the first dynasty, and ruled for over 2000 years.


 Zhou – Western Zhou Dynasty (from 1046 BCE)
Western Capital: Zongzhou; Eastern Capital: Chengzhou
A successor of the Shang Dynasty. The Chinese kingdom of the Zhou Dynasty was a monarchy and can be considered feudalistic.

See also[edit]