List of sovereign states in the 1st century BC

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The notion of a sovereign state arises in the 16th century with the development of modern diplomacy. For earlier times, the term "sovereign state" is an anachronism. What corresponded to sovereign states in the medieval and ancient period were monarchs ruling By the Grace of God, de facto feudal or imperial autocrats, or de facto independent nations or tribal confederations.

This is a list of sovereign states that existed between 100 BC and 1 BC.

Sovereign states[edit]

Sovereign state Years
Albania – Kingdom of Albania 4th century BC - 8th century AD
Armenia – Kingdom of Armenia 190 BC - 428 AD
Atropatene – Kingdom of Atropatene 320s BC - 3rd century AD
Baekje – Korean Kingdom 18 BC - 660 AD
Bithynia 297 BC - 74 BC
Buyeo – Ancient Korean Kingdom 2nd century BC - 494 AD
Cappadocia
Chera Kingdom 5th century BC - 1102 AD
Commagene – Kingdom of Commagene 163 BC - 72 AD
Dardanian Kingdom – Dardanian Illyric Kingdom c.448 BC – 28 BC
Dongye – Korean chiefdom 3rd century BC - 5th century AD
Ethiopia – Ethiopian Empire 980 BC - 1974
Goguryeo Kingdom – Ancient Korean Kingdom 37 BC - 668 AD
Han – Han Dynasty 206 BC - 220 AD
Iberia 302 BC - 580 AD
Indo-Greek Kingdom 180 BC - 10 AD
Indo–Scythian Kingdom 200 BC - 400 AD
Kush – Kingdom of Kush 1070 BC - 350 AD
Mauretania 110 BC - AD 40
Maya civilization
Nabataean kingdom 168 BC - 106 AD
Numidia – Kingdom of Numidia 202 - 46 BC
Okjeo – Tribal Korean state 2nd century BC - 5th century AD
Osroene 132 BC - 244 AD
Parthian Empire 247 BC - 224 AD
Pontus - Kingdom of Pontus 291 BC - 62 AD
Ptolemaic Kingdom 305 - 30 BC
Roman Republic 509 - 27 BC
Roman Empire 27 BC - 476/1453 AD
Samhan – Korean Confederacy 1st century BC - 4th century AD
Sātavāhana Empire 230 BC - 220 AD
Scythia 8th century BC - 2nd century AD
Seleucid Empire 312 - 63 BC
Silla – Korean Kingdom 57 BC - 935 AD
State of the Scordisci c.278 BC - 50 BC