List of sovereign states in the 6th century BC

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The development of states—large-scale, populous, politically centralized, and socially stratified polities/socities governed by powerful rulers—marks one of the major milestones in the evolution of human societies. Archaeologists often distinguish between primary (or pristine) states and secondary states. Primary states evolved independently through largely internal developmental processes rather than through the influence of any other pre-existing state. The earliest known primary states appeared in Mesopatamia ca. 3700 B.C., in Egypt ca. 3300 B.C., in the Indus Valley ca. 2500 B.C., India ca 1700 B. C.,and in China ca. 1600 B.C. As they interacted with their less developed neighbors through trade, warfare, migration, and more generalized ideological influences, the primary states directly or indirectly fostered the emergence of secondary states in surrounding areas, for example, the Hittites in Anatolia, the Minoan and Mycenaean states of the Aegean, or the Nubian kingdoms in the Sudan. Professor Gil Stein at the University of Chicago Oriental Institute states The excavations and archaeological surveys of the last few decades have vastly increased both the quantity and quality of what we know about ancient states and urbanism. Archaeologists have broadened the scope of their research beyond the traditional focus on rulers and urban elites. Current research now aims at understanding the role of urban commoners, craft specialists, and village-based farmers in the overall organization of ancient states and societies. Given the immense geographical scope encompassed by the term “the Ancient World,.[1] The notion of a sovereign state arises in the 16th century with the development of modern diplomacy.For earlier times, the term "sovereign state" is an anachronism. What corresponded to sovereign states in the medieval and ancient period were monarchs ruling By the Grace of God, de facto feudal or imperial autocrats, or de facto independent nations or tribal confederations. This is a list of sovereign states that existed between 600 BC and 501 BC.

Sovereign states[edit]

Map of the world in 600 BC
Sovereign state Years
Achaemenid Empire 550 - 330 BC
Adena culture 1000 - 200 BC
Aethiopia c. 13th - 5th centuries BC
Ammon – Kingdom of Ammon c.10th century - 332 BC
Anga
Argolis 1200-226 BC
Aria 700 BC - 300 BC
Athens 510 - 322 BC
Aquitani 550-27 BC
Arcadia 980-743 BC
Avanti
Bactria 2140 - 550 BC
Bithynia
Blemmyes 600 BC - 8th century AD
Brigantia 700 BC - 47 AD
Cappadocia
Caledonia 650 BC - 76 AD
Caspiane 650 BC - 387 AD
Catuvellauni 550 BC - 51 AD
Caria 11th - 6th century BC
Carthage 650 - 146 BC
Chavín culture 900 - 200 BC
Chedi
Chen 855 - 479 BC
Chola
Chorasmia 1290-180 BC
Chorrera 1800 - 300 BC
Chu 1030 - 223 BC
Colchis 1300 BC - 2nd century AD
Connacht c. 10th century BC - 1474 AD
Corinthia 700-338 BC
Cyrene 631-525 BC
Dʿmt c.980 - c.400 BC
Edom
Elam 2800 - 550 BC
Ethiopia 980 BC - 1974
Gandhara
Garamantian Empire 1000 BC - 700 AD
Gojoseon 2333 - 108 BC
Ionia 7th - 6th century BC
Judah 930s - 586 BC
Kalinga
Kamboja
Kasi
Kikata
Kosala
Kuru
Kush 1070 BC - 350 AD
Lu 856 - 256 BC
Lycaonia 8th century - 200 BC
Lycia 1250 - 546 BC
Lydia 1200 - 546 BC
Macedonia 8th century - 146 BC
Macrobia c. 8th - 4th centuries BC
Mahajanapadas
Malla
Mannai
Maya civilization 2000 BC - 900 AD
Median Empire 625 - 549 BC
Minaea
Moab
Mysia
Neo-Babylonian Empire 626 - 539 BC
Olmec 1400 - 400 BC
Paeonia 535 BC - 681 AD
Panchala
Pandya
Paphlagonia
Paracas culture 600 - 175 BC
Phoenicia 1200 - 536 BC
Pisidia
Qiang 2000 BC - 150 BC
Qi 1046 - 241 BC
Qin 845 - 221 BC
Rasna 1200 - 550 BC
Rome 753 - 509 BC
Roman Republic 509 - 27 BC
Saba
Sabinum c. 760 - 494 BC
Samnium c. 600 - 82 BC
Scythia 690 BC - 2nd century AD
Sogdiana 750 - 550 BC
Sparta 950 - 146 BC
Surasena
Tartessos 1000-450 BC
Ta Netjeru
Thebes
Thessaly 950 - 344 BC
Urartu 860 - 590 BC
Vajji
Văn Lang 2879 - 258 BC
Vatsa
Yan 865 - 222 BC
Zapotec civilization 700 BC - 1521 AD
Zheng 806 - 375 BC
Zhou 1045 - 256 BC

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Stein, Gil J (2001). Understanding Ancient State Societies in the Old World. New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Press. pp. 353–379.