List of soybean diseases

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Soybean plants (Glycine max) are subject to a variety of diseases and pests.

Bacterial diseases[edit]

Bacterial diseases
Bacterial blight Pseudomonas amygdali pv. glycinea
Bacterial pustules Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. glycines = Xanthomonas campestris pv. glycines
Bacterial tan spot Curtobacterium flaccumfaciens pv. flaccumfaciens = Corynebacterium flaccumfaciens pv. flaccumfaciens
Bacterial wilt Curtobacterium flaccumfaciens pv. flaccumfaciens

Ralstonia solanacearum = Pseudomonas solanacearum

Wildfire Pseudomonas syringae pv. tabaci

Fungal diseases[edit]

Fungal diseases
Alternaria leaf spot

Alternaria spp.

Anthracnose

Colletotrichum truncatum
Colletotrichum dematium f. truncatum
Glomerella glycines
Colletotrichum destructivum [anamorph]

Black leaf blight

Arkoola nigra

Black root rot

Thielaviopsis basicola
Chalara elegans [synanamorph]

Brown spot

Septoria glycines
Mycosphaerella usoenskajae [teleomorph]

Brown stem rot

Phialophora gregata
= Cephalosporium gregatum

Charcoal rot[1]

Macrophomina phaseolina

Choanephora leaf blight

Choanephora infundibulifera
Choanephora trispora

Damping-off

Rhizoctonia solani
Thanatephorus cucumeris [teleomorph]
Pythium aphanidermatum
Pythium debaryanum
Pythium irregulare
Pythium myriotylum
Pythium ultimum

Downy mildew

Peronospora manshurica

Drechslera blight

Drechslera glycines

Frogeye leaf spot

Cercospora sojina

Fusarium root rot

Fusarium spp.

Leptosphaerulina leaf spot

Leptosphaerulina trifolii

Mycoleptodiscus root rot

Mycoleptodiscus terrestris

Neocosmospora stem rot

Neocosmospora vasinfecta
Acremonium spp. [anamorph]

Phomopsis seed decay

Phomopsis spp.

Phytophthora root and stem rot[1]

Phytophthora sojae

Phyllosticta leaf spot

Phyllosticta sojaecola

Phymatotrichum root rot = cotton root rot

Phymatotrichopsis omnivora
= Phymatotrichum omnivorum

Pod and stem blight

Diaporthe phaseolorum
Phomopsis sojae [anamorph]

Powdery mildew

Microsphaera diffusa

Purple seed stain

Cercospora kikuchii

Pyrenochaeta leaf spot

Pyrenochaeta glycines

Pythium rot

Pythium aphanidermatum
Pythium debaryanum
Pythium irregulare
Pythium myriotylum
Pythium ultimum

Red crown rot

Cylindrocladium crotalariae
Calonectria crotalariae [teleomorph]

Red leaf blotch = Dactuliophora leaf spot

Dactuliochaeta glycines
= Pyrenochaeta glycines
Dactuliophora glycines [synanamorph]

Rhizoctonia aerial blight

Rhizoctonia solani
Thanatephorus cucumeris [teleomorph]

Rhizoctonia root and stem rot

Rhizoctonia solani

Rust

Phakopsora pachyrhizi

Scab

Spaceloma glycines

Sclerotinia stem rot

Sclerotinia sclerotiorum

Southern blight (damping-off and stem rot) = Sclerotium blight[1]

Sclerotium rolfsii
Athelia rolfsii [teleomorph]

Stem canker

Diaporthe phaseolorum
Diaporthe phaseolorum var. caulivora
Phomopsis phaseoli [anamorph]

Stemphylium leaf blight

Stemphylium botryosum
Pleospora tarda [teleomorph]

Sudden death syndrome

Fusarium solani f.sp. glycines

Target spot

Corynespora cassiicola

Yeast spot Nematospora coryli

Nematodes, parasitic[1][edit]

Nematodes, parasitic
Lance nematode

Hoplolaimus columbus
Hoplolaimus galeatus
Hoplolaimus magnistylus

Lesion nematode

Pratylenchus spp.

Pin nematode

Paratylenchus projectus
Paratylenchus tenuicaudatus

Reniform nematode

Rotylenchulus reniformis

Ring nematode

Criconemella ornata

Root-knot nematode

Meloidogyne arenaria
Meloidogyne hapla
Meloidogyne incognita
Meloidogyne javanica

Sheath nematode

Hemicycliophora spp.

Soybean cyst nematode

Heterodera glycines

Spiral nematode

Helicotylenchus spp.

Sting nematode

Belonolainus gracilis
Belonolaimus longicaudatus

Stubby root nematode

Paratrichodorus minor

Stunt nematode

Quinisulcius acutus
Tylenchorhynchus spp.

Viral diseases[edit]

Viral diseases
Alfalfa mosaic genus Alfamovirus, Alfalfa mosaic virus (AMV)
Bean pod mottle genus Comovirus, Bean pod mottle virus (BPMV)
Bean yellow mosaic genus Potyvirus, Bean yellow mosaic virus (BYMV)
Brazilian bud blight genus Ilarvirus, Tobacco streak virus (TSV)
Cowpea chlorotic mottle genus Bromovirus, Cowpea chlorotic mottle virus (CCMV)
Mung bean yellow mosaic genus Begomovirus, Mung bean yellow mosaic virus (MYMV)
Peanut mottle genus Potyvirus, Peanut mottle virus (PeMoV)
Peanut stripe genus Potyvirus, Peanut stripe virus (PStV)
Peanut stunt genus Cucumovirus, Peanut stunt virus (PSV)
Soybean chlorotic mottle genus Caulimovirus, Soybean chlorotic mottle virus (SbCMV)
Soybean crinkle leaf genus Begomovirus, Soybean crinkle leaf virus (SCLV)
Soybean dwarf genus Luteovirus, Soybean dwarf virus (SbDV)
Soybean mosaic genus Potyvirus, Soybean mosaic virus (SMV)
Soybean severe stunt genus Nepovirus, Soybean severe stunt virus (SSSV)
Tobacco ringspot = bud blight genus Nepovirus, Tobacco ringspot virus (TRSV)


See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Pratt, Phillip W. Common Soybean Diseases in Oklahoma, Oklahoma State University, 2003.