List of space travelers by name

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The Fédération Aéronautique Internationale (FAI) defines spaceflight as any flight over 100 kilometres in altitude - the two grey-shaded regions

This is an alphabetical list of all space travelers, people who have flown in space.

The criteria for determining who has achieved human spaceflight vary. The Fédération Aéronautique Internationale (FAI) defines spaceflight as any flight over 100 kilometres (62 mi), a definition recognized by every country. In the 1960s, the United States Department of Defense awarded the rating of astronaut to military and civilian pilots who flew aircraft higher than 50 miles (80 km).[1] This list follows the FAI criterion.

From the Department of Defense, eight USAF and NASA pilots qualified for the Astronaut Badge by flying the sub-orbital X-15 rocket spaceplane.[1] One of these pilots, Joseph A. Walker, flew the X-15 above 100 km on two flights, becoming the first person to enter space twice. However, the other pilots did not reach the 100 km FAI limit.

All other men and women traveled to outer space in non-winged rockets, the orbital space shuttle, or the sub-orbital Scaled Composites SpaceShipOne rocket spaceplane.[1]

People who died training for space travel or died during missions that failed to reach the required altitude such as Christa McAuliffe can be found in the article on space disasters.

As of November 6, 2013, a total of 536 people from 38 countries have gone into space according to the FAI guideline (543 people have qualified when including the US Department of Defense classification). Of the 536, three people completed only a sub-orbital flight, 533 people reached Earth orbit, 24 traveled beyond low Earth orbit and 12 walked on the Moon.

Space travelers have spent over 29,000 person-days (or a cumulative total of over 77 years) in space including over 100 person-days of spacewalks.[2]

  • Names in italic are space travelers who have left Low Earth orbit.
  • National flags indicate the space traveler's citizenship at the time of flight(s).
  • A Moon symbol decrescent.svg before a name denotes space travelers who have walked on the moon.
  • A Injury icon 2.svg before a name denotes that the person died during spaceflight, or during an attempted spaceflight.
  • A Symbol venus.svg before a name denotes a female space traveler.
  • A Star*.svg before a name denotes that the person is currently in space.

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C[edit]

D[edit]

E[edit]

F[edit]

G[edit]

H[edit]

I[edit]

J[edit]

K[edit]

L[edit]

M[edit]

N[edit]

O[edit]

P[edit]

R[edit]

S[edit]

T[edit]

U[edit]

V[edit]

W[edit]

Y[edit]

Z[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c NASA (November 29, 2007). "Astronaut". World Book at NASA. NASA. Retrieved June 16, 2009. [dead link]
  2. ^ Manned astronautics: facts and figures, http://space.kursknet.ru/cosmos/english/other/stat_kk.sht, Alexander Anikeev, September 11, 2006, accessed September 15, 2006
  3. ^ Salizhan Sharipov