List of spacecraft manufacturers

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

During the early years of spaceflight only nation states had the resources to develop and fly spacecraft. Both the U.S. space program and Soviet space program were operated using mainly military pilots as astronauts. During this period, no commercial space launches were available to private operators, and no private organization was able to offer space launches.

In 1980s, the European Space Agency created Arianespace, the world's first commercial space transportation company, and, following the Challenger disaster, the American government deregulated the American space transportation market as well. In the 1990s the Russian government sold their majority stake in RSC Energia to private investors. These events for the first time allowed private organizations purchase, develop and offer space launchers; beginning the period of private spaceflight.

The following is a list of non-government-owned spacecraft manufacturing companies and contractors.

Satellite manufacturers[edit]

There are six major companies that build large, commercial, Geosynchronous satellite platforms:

Company Location No of satellites launched Comments
Airbus Defence and Space  Europe ( France/ Germany/ Spain/ United Kingdom) formerly Astrium
OHB  Germany
Thales Alenia Space  Europe ( France/ Italy) formerly Alcatel Alenia Space
JSC Information Satellite Systems  Russia 1160 formerly NPO PM
Boeing  United States
Lockheed Martin  United States
Indian Space Research Organisation  India 74 INSAT and GSAT series communication satellites, IRS series remote sensing satellites, CARTOSAT mapping and imaging, RISAT imaging etc. More details at List of Indian satellites
Space Systems/Loral  United States 240[1]

In addition to those above, the following companies have successfully built and launched satellite platforms:

Company Location No of satellites launched Comments
AeroAstro, Inc.  United States
Amsat International -  United States,  Canada,  Germany,  Italy,  Japan,  India,  United Kingdom consortium of amateur satellite constructors
Astronautic Technology Sdn Bhd  Malaysia 2
Ball Aerospace & Technologies Corp.  United States
British Aerospace  United Kingdom purchased Marconi Electronic Systems, to form BAE Systems
Carlo Gavazzi Space S.p.A.  Italy
China Academy of Space Technology  People's Republic of China part of China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation
Clyde Space  United Kingdom CubeSats and Nanosatellites (<10 kg)
SUPARCO  Pakistan Badr 1 and Badr B, PAKSAT-1R
Iranian Space Agency[2]  Iran
Fairchild Space and Electronics Division  United States sold to Matra Marconi Space, then sold to Orbital Sciences Corporation
Fokker Space & Systems  Netherlands then Dutch Space, now part of EADS Astrium Satellites
General Electric  United States then merged into Martin Marietta, now part of Lockheed Martin
GomSpace  Denmark Cubesats and nanosatellites (<10 kg)
Hawker Siddeley Dynamics  United Kingdom now part of EADS Astrium Satellites
Dhruva Space[3]  India Nano Satellites (>8 <35 kg)
Hughes Aircraft  United States purchased by Boeing
IHI Corporation  Japan
Innovative Solutions In Space[4]  Netherlands CubeSats
Israel Aerospace Industries  Israel
Khrunichev State Research and Production Space Center  Russia produced Mir and Salyut
NPO Lavochkin  Russia
MicroSat Systems. inc.  Canada formerly Space division of Dynacon Incorporated
Millennium Space Systems  United States 1
Mitsubishi Heavy Industries  Japan
Northrop Grumman Space Technology  United States
Orbital Sciences Corporation  United States
Pumpkin, Inc.[5]  United States CubeSat Kit
Philco Ford  United States then Ford Aerospace, now Space Systems/Loral
QinetiQ Space N.V.  Belgium 3 then Verhaert Space
RCA Astro  United States purchased by General Electric, then by Martin Marietta, now part of Lockheed Martin
Rockwell  United States purchased by Boeing
RKK Energiya  Russia produced Sputnik 1
SPAR Aerospace  Canada 8 - Alouette 1 (1)
Anik-E (1)
RADARSAT 1 and 2 (2)
Olympus-1 (1)
MSAT 1, 2 and SA (3)
now MacDonald Dettwiler
SpaceDev  United States
Spectrum Astro  United States
Sun Space and Information Systems (Pty) Ltd  South Africa
Surrey Satellite Technology Ltd  United Kingdom now part of EADS Astrium Satellites
Swales Aerospace  United States
Turkish Aerospace Industries  Turkey
TRW  United States now part of Northrop Grumman Space Technology
TsSKB-Progress  Russia
Yuzhnoye Design Bureau  Ukraine
INVAP  Argentina

Launch vehicle manufactures and providers of third party services[edit]

Company Location No. of successful launches Comments
Airbus Defence and Space  Europe ( France/ Germany/ Spain/ Netherlands}/ United Kingdom) formerly Astrium
Alcantara Cyclone Space  Brazil/ Ukraine
Arianespace  Europe ( France/ Germany/ Italy/ Belgium/  Switzerland/ Sweden/ Spain/ Netherlands/ Norway/ Denmark/ India)
ISRO  India 102 PSLV, GSLV, GSLV III
Eurockot Launch Services  Europe ( Germany/ France/ United Kingdom/ Spain/ Netherlands/ Russia) owned by EADS Astrium
International Launch Services  United States
 Russia
97/100[when?][citation needed]
Iranian Space Agency[2]  Iran
ISC Kosmotras  Russia/ Ukraine/ Kazakhstan
Orbital Sciences Corporation  United States formerly owned ORBIMAGE (now GeoEye)
SpaceDev  United States owned by Sierra Nevada Corporation
SpaceQuest, Ltd.  United States
SpaceX  United States 4/7[dated info][citation needed]
Sea Launch  United States/ Russia/ Ukraine/ Norway 28/31[when?][citation needed] owns subsidiary Land Launch
Starsem  Europe ( Germany/ France/ United Kingdom/ Spain/ Netherlands/ Italy/ Belgium/  Switzerland/ Sweden/ Netherlands/ Norway/ Denmark/ India) and  Russia) commercialises the Soyuz launcher
United Launch Alliance  United States
SUPARCO  Pakistan
Yuzhmash  Ukraine

Commercial wings of national space agencies:

Lander, rover and probe manufacturers[edit]

Company Location No. of probes launched Comments
Lavochkin  Russia rovers for Lunokhod 1
Brown Engineering Company Huntsville, AL  United States Rover for Apollo lunar program
China National Space Administration  People's Republic of China for Chang'e 3 program in 2013
Deep Space Industries Private DragonFly for asteroid material return mission
Robotics Institute Pittsburgh, PA  United States for Scarab
NASA JPL  United States for ATHLETE lunar missions
NASA  United States Space Exploration Vehicle for future lunar mission
ISRO  India Chandrayaan-1, Chandrayaan-2, Mars Orbiter Mission
Planetary Resources Private Arkyd-100 for asteroid searching

Spacecraft component manufacturers[edit]

Company Location Components built Comments
DSI GmbH Bremen,
WikiProject Germany  
WikiProject icon This article is within the scope of WikiProject Germany, a collaborative effort to improve the coverage of Germany on Wikipedia. If you would like to participate, please visit the project page, where you can join the discussion and see a list of open tasks.
 ???  This article has not yet received a rating on the project's quality scale.
 ???  This article has not yet received a rating on the project's importance scale.
 
Cryptography Units (e.g. SAR-Lupe, GökTürk), Payload Data Handling Units (e.g. EnMAP, ExoMars), On-board Computers (e.g. TET, JAXA Hayabusa-II/MASCOT), Data Processing Units, Communication Systems, Ground Test & Simulation Equipment
American Technology Consortium Oxnard, CA  United States Mars Pathfinder Airbag Retraction Actuator Planetary Gearboxes, Mars Pathfinder Camera Pointing Mechanisms, Stardust Scan Mirror Mechanism, Mars Volatiles and Climate Surveyor (MVACS) Robot Arm Brush Motors, MVACS Camera Pointing Mechanisms, Genesis Array Deployment Mechanism, Shuttle Radar Topography Mapper (SRTM) Mast Deployment Actuators, SRTM Harmonic Drive Actuators, A2100 & A2100M Bus Antenna Pointing Mechanism Linear Actuators, Orbview 3 & 4 Antenna Gimbals, Sirius Satellite Radio Antenna Gimbal Motors, Champollion Cryogenic Comet Drill Actuator, TES Filter Wheel Actuator, Mars Odyssey Mission PanCam Mast Deployment Actuator, Mars Odyssey PanCam Azimuth Twist Capsule and Actuator Assembly, Mars Odyssey PanCam Elevation Actuator, Mars Odyssey Drill Mechanism Gearboxes, and Mars Phoenix Camera Pointing Mechanisms Asset sale to competitor in 2000, Original corporation renamed to Rocketstar Robotics Inc in 2006
Tethers Unlimited,Inc. Seattle, WA  United States De-Orbiting Devices, Deployable Solar Arrays, Propulsion Systems, Radio Communications, and Robotics
Protoshop Ltd.
WikiProject Finland  
WikiProject icon This article is within the scope of WikiProject Finland, a WikiProject related to the nation of Finland. If you would like to participate, you can edit the article attached to this page, or visit the project page, where you can join the project and/or contribute to the discussion.
 ???  This article has not yet received a rating on the project's quality scale.
 ???  This article has not yet received a rating on the project's importance scale.
 
Precision control mechanism for the Satellite Laser ( telescope ),- Construction of several generations of SMS EUTELSA, - Construction of the Aspera plasma instrument for the Phobos - Mars flight, - Development of SIXA X-ray detector for Russian Spektrum, - Design and construction of ERNE particle detector for SOHO, - ERS- 1 SAR satellite sea ice observation system software with VTT, - Development of the NOAA -12 Forest fire station software with VTT, - Development of forest fire observation software by ERS-2 satellite, - Construction of SWAN solar wind monitor for SOHO, - Construction of IBS ion beam spectrometer mechanics with NASA, - Construction of Rotating actuator for CASSINI Saturn mission, - Development and construction of rotating mechanisms and launch latch (ESA), - Development and construction of SSA ( small sample acquisition robot), - Construction of ROSA2 micro robot for SSF and ESA, - dDesign of Spicam Plasma instrument for the Mars flight (imaging spectrometer), - DDevelopment and construction of GOMOS ozone monitor for Envisat, - JEM-X X-ray monitor for Integral mission with Metorex and ESA, - Sub-contracting of Coala ozone monitor definition phase for ESA onboard ISS, - Construction of rotating actuators for NASA satellites with LANL (TWINS and SMEX), - OMI ozone monitor for NASA’s EOS Aura satellite with FMI, - Microwave receiver LFI for Planck satellite for ESA with VTT, - Study of OMI ozone monitor for METOP -1 satellite as an AO instrument, - XMM door mechanism and LSS motion simulator, - Development of Coala and OMI-Ims/Metop ozone monitors mapping spectrometer, - Construction of ESA Actively Cooled RF front End, - Design of general mechanics for the ESA, NASA and Russian space programs, - MAXI structural design for Metorex, - NASA's certificate for the excellent work in CASSINI project (2009)
RUAG Space   Switzerland Structures, Fairings, Mechanisms, Opto-Electronics
Andrews Space Seattle, WA  United States
EADS Astrium Satellites  Europe
Final Frontier Construction LLC Ashton, MD  United States Scaled examples of Gershin Class and Shia Class inverse truss hulls with artificial gravity capability
Jena-Optronik[6] Jena,  Germany Attitude and Orbit Control Systems (AOCS) sensors: star sensors, sun sensors, redezvous- and docking sensors; Optical space instruments and components: multi-spectral imager (e.g. JSS 56 for RapidEye satellite constellation, efficient radiometer (e.g. METimage), electronic as well as opto-mechanical subsystems and components for operational Earth observation (e.g. for Copernicus Sentinel missions)
Pumpkin, Inc San Francisco, CA  United States CubeSat Kits
Kongsberg Defence & Aerospace[7] Kongsberg  Norway Kongsberg Adaptive Rotational Mechanism Assembly [KARMA] in configuration as Solar Array Drive Mechanism (SADM),used on Rosetta (spacecraft), Mars Express, Venus Express, Sentinel 1, Sentinel 3 and BepiColombo MTM.

Drive electronics for Sentinel 1 and BepiColombo MTM. Booster attachment struts, including separation function,for Ariane 5.

Rocketstar Robotics Inc[8] Camarillo, CA  United States Space Interferometry Mission Optical Shutter Mechanisms
Thortek Laboratories, Inc. Irvine, KY  United States merged with SpaceDev
Starsys Sparks, NV  United States merged with SpaceDev
SpaceDev Sparks, NV  United States
Clyde Space  United Kingdom Power System Electronics, Batteries, Solar Panels, Attitude Control Systems
Astro Aerospace[9] Carpinteria, CA  United States Deployable mechanisms, spacecraft structures, AstroMesh deployable reflector, deployable booms, large and small aperature mesh reflector antennas,STEM (Storable Tubular Extendable Member), hinge mechanisms, A special business unit of Northrop Grumman

Propulsion manufacturers[edit]

Company name Country Engine Engine type Comments
Moog-ISP (In Space Propulsion) Westcott, Buckinghamshire United Kingdom

Niagara Falls, NY  United States

All Forms of Chemical Propulsion including Main Apogee Engines and AOCS Thrusters Bipropellant and Monopropellant Product Families Include: LEROS, MONARC Thruster, LTT Thruster Division of Moog Inc.
Aerojet Rancho Cordova, California  United States Numerous Numerous liquid engines (e.g. Space Shuttle Orbital Maneuvering System) and solid motor rockets (e.g. Atlas V SRB) Division of GenCorp.
American Rocket Company  United States hybrid rocket intellectual property acquired by SpaceDev
Frontier Astronautics Valencia, CA  United States VIPER liquid oxygen
Asp high test peroxide
AE Aerospace Louisville, KY  United States HIRE hybrid ion rocket engine [10][11]
Orion Propulsion (Dynetics) Madison, AL  United States used on Sundancer and Ares I
Rocketdyne Canoga Park, Los Angeles  United States Liquid Acquired By Aerojet, Formerly a Division of Pratt & Whitney
Ad Astra Rocket Company Webster, TX  United States VASIMR magnetoplasma may be used for future Mars missions
Reaction Engines Ltd. Oxfordshire, England  United Kingdom SABRE rocket/turbojet/ramjet planned to be used in Skylon
SpaceDev Poway, CA  United States hybrid rocket used on SpaceShipOne and SpaceShipTwo
SpaceX Hawthorne, California,  United States Numerous Merlin/ Raptor / Draco / Kestrel used on Falcon Rockets
Snecma Courcouronnes,  France Numerous Vinci / Viking / Vulcain / HM7B used on Ariane rockets

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ SSL Overview
  2. ^ a b "Iran unveils three new home-made satellites". Retrieved 26 September 2013. 
  3. ^ "Dhruva Space". Retrieved 26 September 2013. 
  4. ^ "ISIS". Retrieved 9 December 2013. 
  5. ^ Werner, Debra (2012-08-13). "Builder Packing More Capability into Small Satellites". Space News. Retrieved 26 September 2013. 
  6. ^ "BDLI manufacturer for space". Retrieved 18 February 2014. 
  7. ^ "Kongsberg Gruppen". Retrieved 26 September 2013. 
  8. ^ "Rocketstar Robotics". Retrieved 26 September 2013. 
  9. ^ "Astro Aerospace". Retrieved 4 June 2013. 
  10. ^ HIRE engine-AE Aerospace's Andrew Edwards 2010
  11. ^ HIRE Engine