List of spans

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For the largest spans of bridges, see List of largest suspension bridges.

The following is a list of remarkable spans, either used for powerline crossings of rivers, sea straits or valleys, as antenna or for aerial tramways.

Powerline spans in flat areas with high pylons[edit]

At these spans the sag of the conductors is less than the height of the pylons

Crossing Country City Height of pylons Span width [meter] Height of conductors over ground Year of inauguration Notes
Zhoushan Island Overhead Powerline Tie China Damao Island 370m 2700  ? 2009 Tallest transmission towers in the world
Yangtze River Crossing China Jiangyin 346.5m 2303 56 m 2004
Yangtze River Crossing Nanjing China Nanjing 257 m 2053  ? 1992 Tallest transmission towers in the world built of reinforced concrete
Pylons of Pearl River Crossing China Guangdong 253 m + 240 m 2537  ? 1987
Pylons of Pearl River Crossing China Guangdong 253 m + 240 m 2161  ? 1987
Orinoco River Crossing Venezuela Caroní 240 m 2537  ? 1990 Tallest electricity pylons in South America
Orinoco River Crossing Venezuela Caroní 240 m 2161  ? 1990 Tallest electricity pylons in South America
Pylons of Messina Italy Messina 232 m 3646 70 m 1957 no longer used as transmission towers
500kV-Yangtze River Crossing Wuhu China Wuhu  ? m 1960  ?  ?
HVDC Yangtze River Crossing Wuhu China Wuhu, Anhui Province 229 m 1910  ? 2003 Tallest electricity pylons used for HVDC
Elbe Crossing 2 Germany Stade 227 m 1200 76 m 1978 tallest electricity pylons in Europe
Chūshi Powerline Crossing Japan Takehara 226 m 2357  ? 1962 Tallest electricity pylons in Japan
Osaki Channel Crossing Japan Yoshina 223 m 2145  ? 1997
Overhead line crossing Suez Canal Egypt 221 m 600 150 m 1998
Yangzi River Crossing of HVDC Xianjiaba - Shanghai China  ? 204.4 m 2718  ? 2009
Luohe-Crossing China  ? 202.5 m 1478  ? 1989 pylons of reinforced concrete
Volga Crossing at Saratov Hydroelectric Station Russia Balakovo 197 m / 159 m 1603  ? 1983–1984
Reihoku Crossing Japan Iwajima Island 195 m 1463  ? 1993
380kV Thames Crossing UK West Thurrock 190 m 1372 76 m 1965
Elbe Crossing 1 Germany Stade 189 m 1140 72 m 1962
Cruce Aereo canal de Chacao Chile Chiloe 180 m 2680  ? 1990
Tracy Saint Lawrence River Powerline Crossing Canada Tracy 174.6 m  ?  ?  ? tallest electricity pylon in Canada
Doel Schelde Powerline Crossing Belgium Antwerpen 170 m 1200 + 1000  ?  ?
Churchill River crossing Canada Labrador  ? 1463  ? 1971
Bosporus overhead line crossing III Turkey Istanbul 160 m 1884  ? 1999
Cadiz Bay Crossing Spain Cadiz 158 m 1635  ? 1960
110kV-Yangtze River Crossing Wuhu China Wuhu  ? m 1410  ?  ?
Aust Severn Powerline Crossing UK Aust 148.75 m 1618 40 m  ?
132kV Thames Crossing UK West Thurrock 148.4 m  ? 76 m 1932 demolished in 1987
Karmsundet Powerline Crossing Norway Karmsundet 143.5 m ? ? ?
Limfjorden Overhead powerline crossing 2 Denmark Raerup 141.7 m 797 ? ?
Limfjorden Overhead powerline crossing 2 Denmark Raerup 141.7 m 797 ? ?
Saint Lawrence River HVDC Quebec-New England Overhead Powerline Crossing Canada Deschambault-Grondines 140 m  ?  ? 1989 dismantled in 1992
Rhine Crossing Voerde Germany Voerde 138 m 516  ? 1926
Köhlbrand Powerline Crossing Germany Hamburg 138 m 597  ?  ?
Bremen-Farge Weser Powerline Crossing Germany Bremen 135 m 648  ?  ?
Ghesm Crossing Iran Strait of Ghesm 130 m 1585 20 m 1984 One pylon standing on a caisson in the sea
Ghesm Crossing Iran Strait of Ghesm 130 m 1015 20 m 1984 One pylon standing on a caisson in the sea
Oka River Crossing Dzerzhinsk Russia Dzerzhinsk 128 m, 70 m 990  ? 1927–1929 Hyperboloid structure, abandoned
Tarchomin-Lomianki Vistula Powerline Crossing Poland Tarchomin/Lomianki 127 m (Tarchomin), 121 m (Lomianki) 963  ?  ?
Skolwin-Inoujście Odra Powerline Crossing Poland Skolwin/Inoujście 126 m (Skolwin), 125 m (Inoujście ) 664  ?  ?
Volga River Crossing of HVDC Ekibastuz–Centre Russia near Volsk 124 m 1740  ? 1989–1991
Bosporus overhead line crossing II Turkey Istanbul 124 m 1906 70 m 1983
Duisburg-Wanheim Powerline Rhine Crossing Germany Duisburg 122 m 635  ?  ?
Rhine Crossing Duisburg-Rheinhausen Germany Duisburg-Rheinhausen 118.8 m 570  ? 1926
Bullenhausen Elbe Powerline Crossing Germany Bullenhausen 117 m 666  ?  ?
Lubaniew-Bobrowniki Vistula Powerline Crossing Poland Lubaniew/Bobrowniki 117 m 960  ?  ?
Świeże Górne-Rybakow Vistula Powerline Crossing Poland Świeże Górne/Rybaków 116 m 1025  ?  ?
Ostrówek-Tursko Vistula Powerline Crossing Poland Ostrówek/Tursko 115 m 880  ?  ?
Bosporus overhead line crossing I Turkey Istanbul 113 m 1782 59 m 1957
Bremen-Industriehafen Weser Powerline Crossing Germany Bremen 111 m 506 64 m 1972–1974 three phase AC current
Bremen-Industriehafen Weser Powerline Crossing Germany Bremen 111 m 550 64 m  ? single phase AC current. Tallest pylons for single phase AC
Nowy Bógpomóż-Probostwo Dolne Vistula Powerline Crossing Poland Nowy Bógpomóż/Probostwo Dolne 111 m (Probostwo Dolne), 109 m (Nowy Bógpomóż ) 1248  ?  ?
Daugava Powerline Crossing Latvia Riga 110 m  ?  ? 1975
Regów Gołąb Vistula Powerline Crossing Poland Regów/Gołąb 108 m 960  ?  ?
Orsoy Rhine Crossing Germany Orsoy 105 m 545  ?  ?
Emmerich Rhine Crossing Germany Emmerich 102 m 460  ?  ?
Limfjorden Overhead powerline crossing 1 Denmark Raerup 101.2 m 723 ? ?
Swine Powerline Crossing Poland Świnoujście 99 m 437 24 m 2009 tubular steel pylons
Powerline Crossing Wittower Fähre Germany Wittower Fähre 95 m 840  ?  ?
Reisholz Rhine Powerline Crossing Germany Düsseldorf 88 m 375  ? 1917
Strelasund Powerline Crossing Germany Sundhagen 85 m 440  ?  ?
380kV-Ems-Overhead Powerline Crossing Germany Mark (south of Weener) 84 m 405  ?  ?
Rhine Crossing Düsseldorf/Neuss Germany Düsseldorf/Neuss 80 m 699  ?  ? Powerline for traction current (single phase AC, 16.67 Hz, 110 kV)

Powerline spans in mountainous areas requiring shorter pylons[edit]

At these spans, the pylons are situated on the tops of mountains, so the topography determines the height of the lines. Because of this it is possible that the span pylons can be lower than the height of the line at point of largest sag.

Crossing Country City Height of pylons Span width,
leaning straight line
[meter]
Span width,
horizontal measurement [meter]
Height of conductors over ground Year of inauguration Notes
Ameralik Span Greenland Ameralik Fjord  ? 5376  ? 128 m 1993
Sognefjord Span 1 Norway Sognefjord 17 m 4850  ? 68 m 1956
Sognefjord Span 2 Norway Sognefjord 17 m 4520  ? 68 m  ?
Sognefjord Span 3 Norway Sognefjord  ? m 4500  ? 68 m?  ?
Igaliku Span Greenland Igaliku Fjord  ? 3599  ? 63.4 m  ?
Kootenay Lake Crossing Canada Kootenay Lake 90 m 3248  ? 37 m 1958 dynamited in 1962
Saltery Bay Span Canada Powell River, British Columbia  ? m 3100  ?  ? m  ?
Kobbefjord Span Greenland Kobbefjord  ? 1912  ? 63.4 m 1993
Kangerlluarsuk Span Greenland Kangerlluarsuk  ? 2005  ? 23.5 m  ?
Tunulliarfik Span Greenland Tunulliarfik  ? 2005  ? 23.5 m  ?
Sansum Narrows HVDC Powerline Crossing Canada Sansum Narrows  ? m 1900  ?  ? 1968 Part of HVDC Vancouver Island
Eyachtal Span Germany Höfen 70 m 1444  ?  ? 1992 Longest span of Germany
Enztal Crossing Calmbach Germany Calmbach  ? 1372  ?  ? 1992
Carquinez Strait Powerline Crossing United States Benicia 68 m + 20 m 1350  ?  ? 1901
Nagold Valley Span Germany Bad Liebenzell  ? 941  ?  ?  ?
Neckar Crossing Sulz Germany Sulz 61 m 891  ?  ? 1976 Powerline for traction current (single phase AC, 16.67 Hz, 110 kV)
Neckar Crossing Weitingen Germany Weitingen 61 m 864  ?  ? 1976 Powerline for traction current (single phase AC, 16.67 Hz, 110 kV)
Rhine Powerline Crossing Hirzenach-Oberkestert Germany Hirzenach/Oberkestert  ? m 734  ?  ?  ?

Antenna spans across valleys[edit]

Crossing Country City Height of pylons Span width,
leaning straight line
Span width,
horizontal measurement
Height of conductors over ground Year of inauguration Notes
Herzogstand Radio Station Germany Kochel am See  ? 2700 m 2580 m  ? 1920 dismantled in 1934
Jim Creek Naval Radio Station U.S. Oso, Washington 61 m  ? 2500 m  ? 1953
Omega transmitter Bratland Norway Bratland  ? 3500 m / 3300 m  ?  ? 1966 dismantled
Omega transmitter Trinidad Trinidad  ?  ?  ?  ?  ?  ? dismantled
Omega transmitter Haiku Haiku  ?  ?  ?  ?  ?  ? dismantled
Malabar Radio Station Indonesia  ?  ?  ?  ?  ?  ? dismantled
Noviken VLF Transmitter Norway Gildeskål  ? 2375 m  ?  ?  ? VLF-transmitter
ICV-transmitter on Tavolara, Span 1 Italy Tavolara 133 m/114 m  ? 1000 m  ? 1962 VLF-transmitter
ICV-transmitter on Tavolara, Span 2 Italy Tavolara 133 m/114 m  ? 1100 m  ? 1962 VLF-transmitter
ICV-transmitter on Tavolara, Span 3 Italy Tavolara 133 m /<100 m  ? 1100 m  ? 1962 VLF-transmitter
ICV-transmitter on Tavolara, Span 4 Italy Tavolara 133 m /<100 m  ? 1100 m  ? 1962 VLF-transmitter
Portofino transmitter Italy Portofino 130 m / 5 m  ? 590 m  ?  ? Mediumwave broadcasting antenna fixed on span

Aerial tramways[edit]

Tramway Country City Height of pylons Span width,
leaning straight line
Span width,
horizontal measurement
Height of cable over ground Year of inauguration Notes
Peak 2 Peak Gondola Canada Whistler 65m 3024 m 3019 m 436 m 2008 3S Aerial Tramway constructed by Doppelmayr
Hut of Regensburg Material Transport Aerial Railway Austria Falbeson  ?  ?  ? 430 m  ?
Vanoise Express France Vanoise none 1850 m 1800 m 380 m 2003
Black Angel Ropeway Greenland Maamorilik none  ? m 1220 m 18 m
Aiguille du Midi France Chamonix none 2867 m 2500 m  ? 1955 2nd Section
Vallee Blanche Aerial Tramway France Mont Blanc none 2831 m, 1684 m span is almost horizontal appr. 300 m 1958 Rock anchored support structure
3S Aerial Tramway Austria Kitzbühel 0 m, 80m 2507 m  ? 400 m 2004
Sandia Peak Tramway USA Albuquerque 70.7 m, 21.33 m 2353 m  ? 274 m 1966
Feldmoos-Chli-Titlis Aerial Tramway Switzerland Titlis 37.6 m 3476,2 m  ?  ? 1979 Temp. site tramway, demolished in 1986

Rope Tyroleans[edit]

Tyrolean Country City Height of pylons Span width,
leaning straight line
Span width,
horizontal measurement
Height of cable over ground Year of inauguration Notes
Tyrolienne Millau 2013 France Millau N/A 2 163 m 2 131 m 170 m unloaded rope 2013 Actual Longest tyrolean with caving ropes from May 2013. Cro.ssing residential zones, main road, 20 kV powerline. Near to Viaduc de Millau
Tyrolean Bulgaria N/A N/A 1 594 m 1 550 m N/A m 2008 Actual Longest tyrolean with caving ropes from October 2008.
Tyrolienne Pierre Rias France Vercors N/A 1 122 m 1 096 m Mini 35 m 2008 Longest tyrolean with caving ropes before October 2008, calculated and built by Speleo Secours Français
Velky Traversz Slovakia Zadiel Gorge N/A 850 m 847 m 320 m 1996 Previous longest tyrolean with caving ropes
Tyrolienne MJC Rodez France Rodez[1] N/A 800 m 795 m around 80 m 2010 Longest tyrolean in urban site with caving ropes

Other[edit]

Name Country City Height of pylons Span width,
leaning straight line
Span width,
horizontal measurement
Height of cable over ground Year of inauguration Notes
Star of Moustiers-Sainte-Marie France Moustiers-Sainte-Marie N/A 227 m  ? 250 m  ?

See also[edit]